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27 May

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
    Message 1 of 14 , May 30, 2012
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Augustine of Canterbury
      * St. Melangell
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
      -----------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

      "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
      upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
      anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
      preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
      sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
      Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
      creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
      my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

      Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
      the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
      with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
      reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
      brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
      crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

      Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
      said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
      abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
      greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
      persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
      near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
      welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
      Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
      king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
      missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
      baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
      Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

      Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
      Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
      was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
      assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
      and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
      and books.

      Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
      the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
      built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
      (later called Saint Augustine's).

      He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
      their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
      invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
      "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
      with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
      and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

      In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
      existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
      accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
      insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
      advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
      traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
      to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
      holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
      The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
      accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
      lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
      took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

      He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
      Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
      and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
      bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

      He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
      sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
      and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
      Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
      to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
      from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
      Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
      matters arising out of his mission.

      He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
      Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
      that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
      operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
      must go by steps, not leaps."

      Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
      that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
      fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
      unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
      (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

      In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
      Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
      of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
      (White).

      Icon of St. Augustine
      http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1


      Vigil of Our Father among the Saints Augustine, Archbishop of Canterbury &
      Enlightener of the English

      http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/servaugu.htm





      St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
      --------------------------------------------
      Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
      31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
      been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
      community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
      have been restored recently.

      She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
      any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
      version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
      connects Melangell with King Brochwel
      Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
      neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
      15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
      Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
      had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
      after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
      She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
      have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
      ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
      Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


      Another Life of
      St. Melangell ( Monacella)
      -----------------------------------
      She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
      to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
      was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

      Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
      of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
      in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
      Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
      accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
      hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
      St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
      woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

      Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
      to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
      life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
      build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
      Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
      kindness and saintliness.

      Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
      St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
      'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
      also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
      carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
      also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
      hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

      --------------------------------------------------------------
      I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
      sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
      has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
      because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
      You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
      http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
      or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
      church"
      http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
      ---------------------------------------------------------------


      Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
      Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
      pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
      example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
      will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
      worthy of His great mercy.

      See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


      Another Life:
      Celtic Orthodox Church site
      http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
      or
      http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


      Woodcut of Saint Melangell
      http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

      Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
      http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


      Icons of St. Melangell:
      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
      or
      http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

      http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melan\
      \
      \
      gel.gif
      or
      http://tinyurl.com/268ott



      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

      Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
      Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

      Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm


      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
      Message 2 of 14 , May 26, 2013
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Augustine of Canterbury
        * St. Melangell
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
        -----------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

        "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
        upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
        anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
        preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
        sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
        Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
        creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
        my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

        Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
        the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
        with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
        reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
        brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
        crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

        Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
        said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
        abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
        greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
        persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
        near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
        welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
        Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
        king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
        missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
        baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
        Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

        Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
        Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
        was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
        assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
        and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
        and books.

        Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
        the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
        built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
        (later called Saint Augustine's).

        He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
        their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
        invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
        "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
        with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
        and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

        In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
        existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
        accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
        insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
        advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
        traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
        to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
        holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
        The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
        accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
        lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
        took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

        He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
        Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
        and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
        bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

        He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
        sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
        and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
        Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
        to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
        from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
        Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
        matters arising out of his mission.

        He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
        Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
        that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
        operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
        must go by steps, not leaps."

        Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
        that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
        fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
        unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
        (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

        In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
        Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
        of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
        (White).

        Icon of St. Augustine
        http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1


        Vigil of Our Father among the Saints Augustine, Archbishop of Canterbury &
        Enlightener of the English

        http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/servaugu.htm





        St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
        --------------------------------------------
        Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
        31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
        been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
        community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
        have been restored recently.

        She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
        any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
        version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
        connects Melangell with King Brochwel
        Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
        neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
        15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
        Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
        had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
        after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
        She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
        have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
        ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
        Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


        Another Life of
        St. Melangell ( Monacella)
        -----------------------------------
        She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
        to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
        was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

        Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
        of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
        in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
        Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
        accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
        hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
        St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
        woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

        Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
        to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
        life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
        build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
        Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
        kindness and saintliness.

        Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
        St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
        'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
        also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
        carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
        also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
        hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

        --------------------------------------------------------------
        I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
        sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
        has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
        because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
        You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
        http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
        or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
        church"
        http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
        ---------------------------------------------------------------


        Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
        Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
        pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
        example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
        will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
        worthy of His great mercy.

        See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


        Another Life:
        Celtic Orthodox Church site
        http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
        or
        http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


        Woodcut of Saint Melangell
        http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

        Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
        http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


        Icons of St. Melangell:
        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
        or
        http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

        http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melan\
        \
        \
        gel.gif
        or
        http://tinyurl.com/268ott



        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

        Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
        Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

        Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

        For All the Saints: - new active link
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
        http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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