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29 April

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 29 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Endellion of Cornwall * St. Wilfrid of York * St. Fiachan of
    Message 1 of 14 , Apr 28, 2012
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 29 April

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Endellion of Cornwall
      * St. Wilfrid of York
      * St. Fiachan of Lismore
      * St. Senan of North Wales
      * St. Dichu of Ulster
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Endellion (Endelient), Virgin, Nun, Recluse
      ---------------------------------------------------
      6th century. Near Port Isaac, on the north coast of Cornwall, is the
      little village of Endellion, where the Roscarrock family made their home
      for four hundred years, and where Nicholas, to whom we owe so much
      information about the saints of Cornwall was born. He lived through the
      latter part of the sixteenth century and into the early years of the
      seventeenth, at a time when the veneration of the saints was being
      suppressed, and their shrines were being demolished. He had a great
      regard for the saint of his native village, and it is from his
      description that we are able to identify the original shrine of St.
      Endellion.

      St. Endelienta was one of the numerous children of Brychan, who settled
      at Trenkeny, where she lived a very austere life, sustained by the "milk
      of one cow only". This animal was killed by the lord of Tregony because
      it trespassed on his land. Her godfather, a great man, had the lord
      killed for this offence, but Endellion miraculously brought him back to
      life.

      When she perceived that the day of her death was drawing near, she asked
      her friend that her body should be laid on a bier and be buried where
      "certain young stots, bullocks and calves, should of their own accord
      draw her". The beasts drew the bier to the top of a hill, where there
      was a piece of waste mirey ground, and there she was buried and a church
      raised over the grave dedicated to her memory.

      The late Sir John Betjeman poet laureate wrote "Inside the church gives
      the impression that it goes on praying night and day, whether there are
      people in it or not". A modern carved angel in memory of Sir John
      Betjeman may be seen in the sanctuary above a slate tablet.

      Nicholas Roscarrock tells
      us that there was another church bearing her name on Lundy Island, which
      is opposite Hartland, where her brother St. Nectan is buried. He also
      mentions two wells called after her and says that the one more distant
      from Endellion Church is the one she used.

      The tomb, which is now in the south aisle, is evidence of the affection
      and reverence with which she was held in the middle ages, for it is
      fifteenth century workmanship, in Catacluse stone, with fine niches and
      moulding. It originally stood under the easternmost arch of the nave on
      the south side, and as the tomb is empty, the bones of the saint are
      probably buried under the floor in that place. In the fourteenth century
      the church was served by a college of priests. The parish revel was held
      on the Saturday after the Ascension but Nicholas Roscarrock gives her
      feast day as April 29th (Baring Gould and Fisher, Bowen).

      Troparion of St Endelienta tone 5
      O holy Endelienta,/ when thy cow, thine only source of sustenance,/ was
      cruelly killed,/ thy heart was filled with forgiveness for the
      slaughterer./ Pray to Christ our God/ that we may ever forgive our
      enemies and ourselves find mercy.



      St. Wilfrid (Wilfrith) the Younger, Bishop
      ----------------------------------------------------
      Died at Ripon in 744. Saint Wilfrid was one of the five future bishops
      who were educated by Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17) at Whitby. This
      indefatigable bishop of York was the favourite disciple of Saint John of
      Beverly (f.d. May 7) at Whitby. But first he was appointed abbot of the
      cathedral community at York, and shortly thereafter coadjutor of John of
      Beverly, whom he succeeded as bishop. Little is known of Wilfrid's
      episcopate except that he was zealous for education. Twelve years
      before his death at Ripon Abbey, Wilfrid retired to a monastery in order
      to be free to serve God with his whole soul. In the 10th century, two
      different groups claim to have taken the relics of Saint Wilfrid the
      Great (f.d. October 12) from Ripon; most likely one party took those of
      Wilfrid the Younger. This saint's feast is attested in the Calendar of
      Winchcombe and later martyrologies, though he does not seem to have had
      a widespread or popular cultus (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer).



      St. Fiachan (Fiachina, Fianchne) of Lismore
      ----------------------------------------------------
      Born in Desies, Munster, Ireland; 7th century. An Irish monk of
      Lismore, whose sterling quality was obedience, Saint Fiachan was the
      disciple of Saint Carthage the Younger (f.d. May 14). He is titular
      saint of the parish of Kill-Fiachna, in the diocese of Ardfert
      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Husenbeth).


      St. Senan of North Wales, Hermit
      ----------------------------------------------------
      7th century. Senan was a hermit in northern Wales, but there is so much
      confusion in the records among the various saints of this name that it
      is impossible to give any precise history (Benedictines).


      St. Dichu of Ulster
      ----------------------------------------------------
      5th century. Dichu, son of an Ulster chieftain and a swineherd in his
      youth, succeeded to the kingdom of Lecale in County Down, Ireland, and
      bitterly opposed Saint Patrick (f.d. March 17) when he landed there in
      432. He became Patrick's first Irish convert, gave Patrick a church in
      Saul, capital of Lecale, the first of Patrick's foundations in Ireland,
      and the two became close friends (Benedictines, Delaney).


      Sources:
      ========

      Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
      Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 29 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Endellion of Cornwall * St. Wilfrid of York * St. Fiachan of
      Message 2 of 14 , Apr 28, 2013
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        Celtic and Old English Saints 29 April

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Endellion of Cornwall
        * St. Wilfrid of York
        * St. Fiachan of Lismore
        * St. Senan of North Wales
        * St. Dichu of Ulster
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Endellion (Endelient), Virgin, Nun, Recluse
        ---------------------------------------------------
        6th century. Near Port Isaac, on the north coast of Cornwall, is the
        little village of Endellion, where the Roscarrock family made their home
        for four hundred years, and where Nicholas, to whom we owe so much
        information about the saints of Cornwall was born. He lived through the
        latter part of the sixteenth century and into the early years of the
        seventeenth, at a time when the veneration of the saints was being
        suppressed, and their shrines were being demolished. He had a great
        regard for the saint of his native village, and it is from his
        description that we are able to identify the original shrine of St.
        Endellion.

        St. Endelienta was one of the numerous children of Brychan, who settled
        at Trenkeny, where she lived a very austere life, sustained by the "milk
        of one cow only". This animal was killed by the lord of Tregony because
        it trespassed on his land. Her godfather, a great man, had the lord
        killed for this offence, but Endellion miraculously brought him back to
        life.

        When she perceived that the day of her death was drawing near, she asked
        her friend that her body should be laid on a bier and be buried where
        "certain young stots, bullocks and calves, should of their own accord
        draw her". The beasts drew the bier to the top of a hill, where there
        was a piece of waste mirey ground, and there she was buried and a church
        raised over the grave dedicated to her memory.

        The late Sir John Betjeman poet laureate wrote "Inside the church gives
        the impression that it goes on praying night and day, whether there are
        people in it or not". A modern carved angel in memory of Sir John
        Betjeman may be seen in the sanctuary above a slate tablet.

        Nicholas Roscarrock tells
        us that there was another church bearing her name on Lundy Island, which
        is opposite Hartland, where her brother St. Nectan is buried. He also
        mentions two wells called after her and says that the one more distant
        from Endellion Church is the one she used.

        The tomb, which is now in the south aisle, is evidence of the affection
        and reverence with which she was held in the middle ages, for it is
        fifteenth century workmanship, in Catacluse stone, with fine niches and
        moulding. It originally stood under the easternmost arch of the nave on
        the south side, and as the tomb is empty, the bones of the saint are
        probably buried under the floor in that place. In the fourteenth century
        the church was served by a college of priests. The parish revel was held
        on the Saturday after the Ascension but Nicholas Roscarrock gives her
        feast day as April 29th (Baring Gould and Fisher, Bowen).

        Troparion of St Endelienta tone 5
        O holy Endelienta,/ when thy cow, thine only source of sustenance,/ was
        cruelly killed,/ thy heart was filled with forgiveness for the
        slaughterer./ Pray to Christ our God/ that we may ever forgive our
        enemies and ourselves find mercy.



        St. Wilfrid (Wilfrith) the Younger, Bishop
        ----------------------------------------------------
        Died at Ripon in 744. Saint Wilfrid was one of the five future bishops
        who were educated by Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17) at Whitby. This
        indefatigable bishop of York was the favourite disciple of Saint John of
        Beverly (f.d. May 7) at Whitby. But first he was appointed abbot of the
        cathedral community at York, and shortly thereafter coadjutor of John of
        Beverly, whom he succeeded as bishop. Little is known of Wilfrid's
        episcopate except that he was zealous for education. Twelve years
        before his death at Ripon Abbey, Wilfrid retired to a monastery in order
        to be free to serve God with his whole soul. In the 10th century, two
        different groups claim to have taken the relics of Saint Wilfrid the
        Great (f.d. October 12) from Ripon; most likely one party took those of
        Wilfrid the Younger. This saint's feast is attested in the Calendar of
        Winchcombe and later martyrologies, though he does not seem to have had
        a widespread or popular cultus (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer).



        St. Fiachan (Fiachina, Fianchne) of Lismore
        ----------------------------------------------------
        Born in Desies, Munster, Ireland; 7th century. An Irish monk of
        Lismore, whose sterling quality was obedience, Saint Fiachan was the
        disciple of Saint Carthage the Younger (f.d. May 14). He is titular
        saint of the parish of Kill-Fiachna, in the diocese of Ardfert
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Husenbeth).


        St. Senan of North Wales, Hermit
        ----------------------------------------------------
        7th century. Senan was a hermit in northern Wales, but there is so much
        confusion in the records among the various saints of this name that it
        is impossible to give any precise history (Benedictines).


        St. Dichu of Ulster
        ----------------------------------------------------
        5th century. Dichu, son of an Ulster chieftain and a swineherd in his
        youth, succeeded to the kingdom of Lecale in County Down, Ireland, and
        bitterly opposed Saint Patrick (f.d. March 17) when he landed there in
        432. He became Patrick's first Irish convert, gave Patrick a church in
        Saul, capital of Lecale, the first of Patrick's foundations in Ireland,
        and the two became close friends (Benedictines, Delaney).


        Sources:
        ========

        Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
        Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        For All the Saints: - new active link
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
        http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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