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31 March

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aldhelm of Malmesbury =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
    Message 1 of 14 , Apr 1, 2012
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Aldhelm of Malmesbury
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Aldhelm of Malmesbury (Sherborne), Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------
      (also known as Adhelm, Aldelmus)

      Today is the Feast of the Translation of his holy relics. Primary
      Feastday is 25 May.

      Born in Wessex, England, c. 640; died at Doulting in Somerset, May 25,
      709.

      There is a short mention in Bede, who was his contemporary, but most of
      our knowledge of Aldhelm comes from the Life written by the monk William
      of Malmesbury. He was born about 639 when Cynegils, the first Christian
      King, ruled the West-Saxons, and Birinus, who had brought the Faith to
      Wessex, was the bishop at Dorchester. At the age of fifteen, he was sent
      to the monastery at Malmesbury to study under an Irish monk called
      Maedulph (Maeldubh). Although it had only been established for twenty
      years, it had already gained a reputation for scholarship and a fairly
      extensive library.

      In 661 Aldhelm took monastic vows, and ten years later went to
      Canterbury, where the school under the two great scholars, Hadrian the
      abbot and Theodore the Archbishop, attracted students from every part of
      England. He spent two years at Canterbury and would like to have made
      another visit, but illness prevented him, and in 675 he was elected
      Abbot of Malmesbury on the death of Maedulph. Aldhelm was then thirty
      five years old and was to remain abbot until his death in 709.

      Maedulph's church was a wooden structure, and Aldhelm replaced it with a
      great church built in stone, celebrating its completion and dedication
      to SS Peter and Paul with a poem of twenty one lines. He was an
      accomplished poet, and King Alfred's Handbook tells the story of how,
      when the congregation was thin at Malmesbury, Aldhelm went out and stood
      at the bridge, entertaining the people as a minstrel until he had lured
      them back to worship in the church.

      Besides the minster at Malmesbury, Aldhelm established two other
      religious houses, St. Laurence at Bradford upon Avon and St. John
      Baptist at Frome, and there is still evidence of his buildings at both
      places. At Wareham the ancient church of St. Martin is believed to have
      been built by Aldhelm while he was waiting to cross to the continent on
      pilgrimage to Rome, and there is a small chapel dedicated to him on the
      headland which bears his name to the west of Swanage. His visit to Rome
      was a great success, and he returned with a charter from the Pope for
      his two monasteries at Malmesbury and Frome, exempting them from
      episcopal jurisdiction. Ina of Wessex and Ethelred of Mercia signed this
      document, guaranteeing peace to his foundations.

      It is as a scholar that Aldhelm is best remembered, and among the
      writings that survive are his treatise on the number seven, which he
      sent to his friend and fellow student Aldfrid, King of Northumbria, a
      book of a hundred riddles, and a dissertation on poetic metre. His
      famous treatise In Praise of Virginity, he addressed to Hildilida and
      her nuns at Barking, among whom was Cuthburga, the wife of Aldfrid, who
      was to be the first abbess of Wimborne.

      When Hedda, the West Saxon bishop, died in 705, the diocese was divided,
      with Daniel having his seat at Winchester, and St.Aldhelm becoming
      bishop of a new diocese with Sherborne as his Cathedral town. This new
      diocese incorporated the counties of Dorset, Somerset and part of Devon,
      stretching to Cornwall, with which Aldhelm had already had contact when
      he wrote a letter to King Geraint urging the British church to conform
      to the Roman customs.

      St.Aldhelm was only bishop for four years, during which he built a
      cathedral at Sherborne and continued to administer his monastic
      communities. He died at the age of seventy in the church at Doulting,
      and his friend Egwin, the bishop of Worcester, had a vision at the time
      of his death and came post haste to bury him. The funeral procession
      from Doulting to Malmesbury was marked by stone crosses every seven
      miles and these were known as Bishopstones and were still in existence
      when William wrote. His tomb became a place of pilgrimage, and in 955
      his body was translated to a magnificent shrine given by Ethelwulf, the
      father of Alfred the Great. Alfred's grandson Athelstan is buried by the
      side of his favourite saint, to whom he prayed before the battle of
      Brunanburh (Platts, Gallyon, Bowen).

      Chronicle of the Kings of England
      by William of Malmesbury
      http://www.littlebohemia.org/malmesbury.html


      Sources:
      ======

      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

      Gallyon, Margaret. The Early Church in Wessex and Mercia
      (Terence Dalton Ltd, 1980)

      Platts, Charles. Pioneers of Our Faith
      (Methuen & Co. Ltd, 1910)

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aldhelm of Malmesbury =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      Message 2 of 14 , Mar 30, 2013
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Aldhelm of Malmesbury
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Aldhelm of Malmesbury (Sherborne), Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------
        (also known as Adhelm, Aldelmus)

        Today is the Feast of the Translation of his holy relics. Primary
        Feastday is 25 May.

        Born in Wessex, England, c. 640; died at Doulting in Somerset, May 25,
        709.

        There is a short mention in Bede, who was his contemporary, but most of
        our knowledge of Aldhelm comes from the Life written by the monk William
        of Malmesbury. He was born about 639 when Cynegils, the first Christian
        King, ruled the West-Saxons, and Birinus, who had brought the Faith to
        Wessex, was the bishop at Dorchester. At the age of fifteen, he was sent
        to the monastery at Malmesbury to study under an Irish monk called
        Maedulph (Maeldubh). Although it had only been established for twenty
        years, it had already gained a reputation for scholarship and a fairly
        extensive library.

        In 661 Aldhelm took monastic vows, and ten years later went to
        Canterbury, where the school under the two great scholars, Hadrian the
        abbot and Theodore the Archbishop, attracted students from every part of
        England. He spent two years at Canterbury and would like to have made
        another visit, but illness prevented him, and in 675 he was elected
        Abbot of Malmesbury on the death of Maedulph. Aldhelm was then thirty
        five years old and was to remain abbot until his death in 709.

        Maedulph's church was a wooden structure, and Aldhelm replaced it with a
        great church built in stone, celebrating its completion and dedication
        to SS Peter and Paul with a poem of twenty one lines. He was an
        accomplished poet, and King Alfred's Handbook tells the story of how,
        when the congregation was thin at Malmesbury, Aldhelm went out and stood
        at the bridge, entertaining the people as a minstrel until he had lured
        them back to worship in the church.

        Besides the minster at Malmesbury, Aldhelm established two other
        religious houses, St. Laurence at Bradford upon Avon and St. John
        Baptist at Frome, and there is still evidence of his buildings at both
        places. At Wareham the ancient church of St. Martin is believed to have
        been built by Aldhelm while he was waiting to cross to the continent on
        pilgrimage to Rome, and there is a small chapel dedicated to him on the
        headland which bears his name to the west of Swanage. His visit to Rome
        was a great success, and he returned with a charter from the Pope for
        his two monasteries at Malmesbury and Frome, exempting them from
        episcopal jurisdiction. Ina of Wessex and Ethelred of Mercia signed this
        document, guaranteeing peace to his foundations.

        It is as a scholar that Aldhelm is best remembered, and among the
        writings that survive are his treatise on the number seven, which he
        sent to his friend and fellow student Aldfrid, King of Northumbria, a
        book of a hundred riddles, and a dissertation on poetic metre. His
        famous treatise In Praise of Virginity, he addressed to Hildilida and
        her nuns at Barking, among whom was Cuthburga, the wife of Aldfrid, who
        was to be the first abbess of Wimborne.

        When Hedda, the West Saxon bishop, died in 705, the diocese was divided,
        with Daniel having his seat at Winchester, and St.Aldhelm becoming
        bishop of a new diocese with Sherborne as his Cathedral town. This new
        diocese incorporated the counties of Dorset, Somerset and part of Devon,
        stretching to Cornwall, with which Aldhelm had already had contact when
        he wrote a letter to King Geraint urging the British church to conform
        to the Roman customs.

        St.Aldhelm was only bishop for four years, during which he built a
        cathedral at Sherborne and continued to administer his monastic
        communities. He died at the age of seventy in the church at Doulting,
        and his friend Egwin, the bishop of Worcester, had a vision at the time
        of his death and came post haste to bury him. The funeral procession
        from Doulting to Malmesbury was marked by stone crosses every seven
        miles and these were known as Bishopstones and were still in existence
        when William wrote. His tomb became a place of pilgrimage, and in 955
        his body was translated to a magnificent shrine given by Ethelwulf, the
        father of Alfred the Great. Alfred's grandson Athelstan is buried by the
        side of his favourite saint, to whom he prayed before the battle of
        Brunanburh (Platts, Gallyon, Bowen).

        Chronicle of the Kings of England
        by William of Malmesbury
        http://www.littlebohemia.org/malmesbury.html


        Sources:
        ======

        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

        Gallyon, Margaret. The Early Church in Wessex and Mercia
        (Terence Dalton Ltd, 1980)

        Platts, Charles. Pioneers of Our Faith
        (Methuen & Co. Ltd, 1910)

        For All the Saints: - new active link
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
        http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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