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30 March

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 30 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Rule of Scotland * St. Fergus of Downpatrick * St. Patto of
    Message 1 of 14 , Mar 30, 2012
      Celtic and Old English Saints 30 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Rule of Scotland
      * St. Fergus of Downpatrick
      * St. Patto of Werden
      * St. Tola
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Rule of Scotland (of Saint Andrews), Abbot
      (Regulus, Riaghai)
      ---------------------------------------------------------------
      4th or 6th century; feast also October 17. The real story of Saint Rule
      is uncertain. There was no "vita"
      before the 9th century. Some it seems confuse this abbot with a Greek
      monk, also named Regulus, who is said to have brought relics of Saint
      Andrew (f.d. November 30) to Rigmond, Scotland, thus founding Saint
      Andrews.

      The tradition relates that Saint Regulus was born in Patras and led by a
      dream to take some of the relics in his care to an unknown destination
      to which an angel would lead him. He followed the angel to Fife, where
      he built a church to house the relics of Saint Andrew. (The rest of the
      relics were taken to Constantinople.)

      In fact, the relics were acquired by a Pictish king, who founded the
      city, in 736; the abbot at that time was the Irish Tuathal.
      Regulus is the patron of Kylrewni and is commemorated in the Aberdeen
      Breviary (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Montague).



      St Rule And The Foundation of St. Andrew's 4th Century
      ___________________________________________

      The medieval legend tells us that a Greek monk had a vision in 345,
      warning him that the first Christian Emperor Constantine was intending
      to remove the relics of St. Andrew, the first-called of the Apostles,
      from Patras, the place of his martyrdom, to Constantinople, the new
      eastern capital of the Empire. This monk, called Rule, or Regulus,
      considered that the vision gave him commission to take some of the
      relics to the west, "to the utmost region of the world", and so he took
      from the Apostle's shrine an arm-bone, three fingers of the right hand,
      a tooth and a knee-cap. He set forth with a company of devout men and
      women, and after a perilous voyage, landed at a place called Kilrymount
      in Scotland. There he built a church to house the relics in thanksgiving
      for their survival.

      Now comes a difficulty, because the legend goes on to tell how a king of
      the Picts, Angus MacFergus, also had a vision of St. Andrew, promising
      him victory in battle. Angus in gratitude donated the land round the
      settlement founded by Regulus and declared that the church he had built
      should be the head and mother of all the churches in the kingdom. This
      puts the foundation of St Andrews four hundred years later, in the
      eighth century.

      It has been suggested that Regulus did establish a community at this
      place and that the relics were introduced during the reign of Angus,
      being brought from Hexham by St. Acca, who was forced to leave his
      diocese in 732. Hexham had been founded by St. Wilfrid, and it is
      recorded that he had obtained relics of St. Andrew for his church there.
      Mention of the relics both of St. Andrew and St. Regulus are found from
      this time, and the bishopric was transferred from Abernethy to St
      Andrews in 908 (Bowen).

      St Rule's Tower where his relics rest
      http://www.saint-andrews.co.uk/Tour/tower.htm



      St. Fergus (Fergustus, Ferguisius) of Downpatrick, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------------------------
      6th century. Not much is known with certainly about this bishop of
      Downpatrick, Ireland. He may be identical to Saint Fergus of Scotland
      (f.d. November 18) (Benedictines).


      St. Patto (Pacificus) of Werden, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Britain; died at Werden (Verden), Saxony, Germany, c. 788.
      Saint Patto was abbot of the Irish monastery of Anabaric in Saxony,
      which was established by Charlemagne about 780. Later he was
      consecrated bishop of Werden to succeeded its first bishop, Suibert.
      Because many miracles have been attributed to him, his body was exhumed
      in 1630, but no record was made of the result. This may have been
      because the remains of Bishops Suibert, Saint Tanco (f.d. February 16),
      Saint Patto, Cerelon, Nortrila, Saint Erlulf (f.d. February 10), and
      Saint Harruch (f.d. July 15), plus debris of mitres, sandals, and
      episcopal ornaments were all found in the same tomb. The relics were
      collected into a new casket and rested behind the high altar until they
      were taken by the bishop to Regensburg during the Swedish invasions in
      1659 (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Kenney, Montague, O'Hanlon).



      St. Tola, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 733. This Irish saint was the abbot-bishop of Disert Tola in
      Meath (Benedictines).


      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
      P. J. Kennedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
      lives of the saints.]

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the Foundations of Europe.
      New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

      Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for Early History of Ireland, vol.
      1, Ecclesiastical. New York: Columbia University Press.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      A Beginner's Guide to Irish Gaelic pronunciation
      http://www.standingstones.com/gaelpron.html

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 30 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Rule of Scotland * St. Fergus of Downpatrick * St. Patto of
      Message 2 of 14 , Mar 29, 2013
        Celtic and Old English Saints 30 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Rule of Scotland
        * St. Fergus of Downpatrick
        * St. Patto of Werden
        * St. Tola
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Rule of Scotland (of Saint Andrews), Abbot
        (Regulus, Riaghai)
        ---------------------------------------------------------------
        4th or 6th century; feast also October 17. The real story of Saint Rule
        is uncertain. There was no "vita"
        before the 9th century. Some it seems confuse this abbot with a Greek
        monk, also named Regulus, who is said to have brought relics of Saint
        Andrew (f.d. November 30) to Rigmond, Scotland, thus founding Saint
        Andrews.

        The tradition relates that Saint Regulus was born in Patras and led by a
        dream to take some of the relics in his care to an unknown destination
        to which an angel would lead him. He followed the angel to Fife, where
        he built a church to house the relics of Saint Andrew. (The rest of the
        relics were taken to Constantinople.)

        In fact, the relics were acquired by a Pictish king, who founded the
        city, in 736; the abbot at that time was the Irish Tuathal.
        Regulus is the patron of Kylrewni and is commemorated in the Aberdeen
        Breviary (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Montague).



        St Rule And The Foundation of St. Andrew's 4th Century
        ___________________________________________

        The medieval legend tells us that a Greek monk had a vision in 345,
        warning him that the first Christian Emperor Constantine was intending
        to remove the relics of St. Andrew, the first-called of the Apostles,
        from Patras, the place of his martyrdom, to Constantinople, the new
        eastern capital of the Empire. This monk, called Rule, or Regulus,
        considered that the vision gave him commission to take some of the
        relics to the west, "to the utmost region of the world", and so he took
        from the Apostle's shrine an arm-bone, three fingers of the right hand,
        a tooth and a knee-cap. He set forth with a company of devout men and
        women, and after a perilous voyage, landed at a place called Kilrymount
        in Scotland. There he built a church to house the relics in thanksgiving
        for their survival.

        Now comes a difficulty, because the legend goes on to tell how a king of
        the Picts, Angus MacFergus, also had a vision of St. Andrew, promising
        him victory in battle. Angus in gratitude donated the land round the
        settlement founded by Regulus and declared that the church he had built
        should be the head and mother of all the churches in the kingdom. This
        puts the foundation of St Andrews four hundred years later, in the
        eighth century.

        It has been suggested that Regulus did establish a community at this
        place and that the relics were introduced during the reign of Angus,
        being brought from Hexham by St. Acca, who was forced to leave his
        diocese in 732. Hexham had been founded by St. Wilfrid, and it is
        recorded that he had obtained relics of St. Andrew for his church there.
        Mention of the relics both of St. Andrew and St. Regulus are found from
        this time, and the bishopric was transferred from Abernethy to St
        Andrews in 908 (Bowen).

        St Rule's Tower where his relics rest
        http://www.saint-andrews.co.uk/Tour/tower.htm



        St. Fergus (Fergustus, Ferguisius) of Downpatrick, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------------------------
        6th century. Not much is known with certainly about this bishop of
        Downpatrick, Ireland. He may be identical to Saint Fergus of Scotland
        (f.d. November 18) (Benedictines).


        St. Patto (Pacificus) of Werden, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Britain; died at Werden (Verden), Saxony, Germany, c. 788.
        Saint Patto was abbot of the Irish monastery of Anabaric in Saxony,
        which was established by Charlemagne about 780. Later he was
        consecrated bishop of Werden to succeeded its first bishop, Suibert.
        Because many miracles have been attributed to him, his body was exhumed
        in 1630, but no record was made of the result. This may have been
        because the remains of Bishops Suibert, Saint Tanco (f.d. February 16),
        Saint Patto, Cerelon, Nortrila, Saint Erlulf (f.d. February 10), and
        Saint Harruch (f.d. July 15), plus debris of mitres, sandals, and
        episcopal ornaments were all found in the same tomb. The relics were
        collected into a new casket and rested behind the high altar until they
        were taken by the bishop to Regensburg during the Swedish invasions in
        1659 (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Kenney, Montague, O'Hanlon).



        St. Tola, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 733. This Irish saint was the abbot-bishop of Disert Tola in
        Meath (Benedictines).


        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
        P. J. Kennedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
        Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
        useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
        provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
        lives of the saints.]

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the Foundations of Europe.
        New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

        Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for Early History of Ireland, vol.
        1, Ecclesiastical. New York: Columbia University Press.

        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

        O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

        For All the Saints: - new active link
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
        http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

        A Beginner's Guide to Irish Gaelic pronunciation
        http://www.standingstones.com/gaelpron.html

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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