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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
    Message 1 of 13 , Jan 30, 2012
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Aidan of Ferns
      * St. Madoes
      * St. Melangell (see #2)
      * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
      * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
      (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
      -------------------------------------------------
      Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

      "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
      you." --Saint Aidan.

      The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
      hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
      day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
      him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
      stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

      There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
      been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
      'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
      study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
      for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
      brought his own beer from his native land.

      The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
      several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
      on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
      with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
      Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
      disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
      Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
      claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
      unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
      which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

      Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
      that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
      that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
      later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
      In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
      genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
      charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
      of food to those in need.

      The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
      attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
      austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
      well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
      Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
      for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
      poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

      One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
      Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
      Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
      in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
      cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
      MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
      belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
      leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
      Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
      placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
      his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
      having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
      Scotland in the 12th century.

      He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
      (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
      Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

      Another Life:

      This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
      Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
      of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
      his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
      famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
      endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
      was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
      O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
      parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
      gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
      prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
      both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
      full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
      Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

      After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
      (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
      ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
      mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
      called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
      on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
      was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
      him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
      returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
      evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
      down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
      still prostrate penitent.

      The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
      endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
      one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
      accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
      young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
      just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
      to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
      abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
      ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
      of angels".

      When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
      must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
      which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
      monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
      it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
      bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
      soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

      Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
      Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
      most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
      he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
      oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
      hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

      Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
      were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
      M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
      Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


      St. Madoes (Madianus)
      -------------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
      Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
      (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
      Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
      sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
      entangled in his story (Benedictines).


      St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
      -------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
      at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
      ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
      be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
      of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

      Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
      the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
      traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
      those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
      monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
      frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
      maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
      reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
      Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
      enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
      death the fervour of the community
      declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
      (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


      St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
      ----------------------------------------------------------
      Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
      called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
      Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
      chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
      after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
      solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
      spent 30 years.

      He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
      successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
      Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
      charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
      to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
      could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

      When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
      struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
      (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
      Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
      Message 2 of 13 , Feb 1, 2013
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Aidan of Ferns
        * St. Madoes
        * St. Melangell (see #2)
        * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
        * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
        (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
        -------------------------------------------------
        Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

        "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
        you." --Saint Aidan.

        The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
        hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
        day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
        him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
        stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

        There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
        been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
        'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
        study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
        for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
        brought his own beer from his native land.

        The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
        several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
        on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
        with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
        Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
        disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
        Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
        claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
        unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
        which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

        Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
        that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
        that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
        later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
        In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
        genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
        charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
        of food to those in need.

        The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
        attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
        austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
        well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
        Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
        for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
        poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

        One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
        Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
        Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
        in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
        cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
        MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
        belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
        leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
        Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
        placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
        his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
        having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
        Scotland in the 12th century.

        He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
        (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
        Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

        Another Life:

        This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
        Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
        of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
        his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
        famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
        endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
        was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
        O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
        parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
        gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
        prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
        both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
        full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
        Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

        After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
        (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
        ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
        mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
        called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
        on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
        was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
        him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
        returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
        evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
        down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
        still prostrate penitent.

        The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
        endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
        one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
        accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
        young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
        just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
        to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
        abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
        ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
        of angels".

        When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
        must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
        which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
        monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
        it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
        bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
        soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

        Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
        Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
        most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
        he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
        oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
        hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

        Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
        were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
        M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
        Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


        St. Madoes (Madianus)
        -------------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
        Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
        (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
        Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
        sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
        entangled in his story (Benedictines).


        St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
        -------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
        at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
        ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
        be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
        of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

        Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
        the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
        traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
        those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
        monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
        frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
        maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
        reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
        Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
        enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
        death the fervour of the community
        declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
        (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


        St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
        ----------------------------------------------------------
        Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
        called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
        Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
        chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
        after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
        solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
        spent 30 years.

        He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
        successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
        Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
        charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
        to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
        could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

        When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
        struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
        (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
        Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
        Message 3 of 13 , Jan 30, 2014
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Aidan of Ferns
          * St. Madoes
          * St. Melangell (see #2)
          * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
          * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
          (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
          -------------------------------------------------
          Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

          "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
          you." --Saint Aidan.

          The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
          hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
          day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
          him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
          stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

          There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
          been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
          'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
          study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
          for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
          brought his own beer from his native land.

          The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
          several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
          on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
          with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
          Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
          disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
          Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
          claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
          unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
          which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

          Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
          that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
          that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
          later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
          In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
          genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
          charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
          of food to those in need.

          The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
          attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
          austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
          well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
          Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
          for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
          poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

          One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
          Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
          Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
          in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
          cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
          MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
          belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
          leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
          Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
          placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
          his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
          having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
          Scotland in the 12th century.

          He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
          (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
          Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

          Another Life:

          This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
          Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
          of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
          his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
          famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
          endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
          was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
          O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
          parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
          gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
          prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
          both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
          full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
          Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

          After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
          (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
          ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
          mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
          called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
          on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
          was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
          him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
          returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
          evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
          down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
          still prostrate penitent.

          The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
          endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
          one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
          accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
          young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
          just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
          to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
          abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
          ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
          of angels".

          When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
          must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
          which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
          monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
          it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
          bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
          soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

          Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
          Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
          most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
          he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
          oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
          hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

          Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
          were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
          M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
          Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


          St. Madoes (Madianus)
          -------------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
          Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
          (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
          Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
          sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
          entangled in his story (Benedictines).


          St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
          -------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
          at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
          ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
          be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
          of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

          Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
          the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
          traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
          those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
          monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
          frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
          maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
          reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
          Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
          enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
          death the fervour of the community
          declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
          (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


          St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
          ----------------------------------------------------------
          Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
          called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
          Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
          chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
          after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
          solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
          spent 30 years.

          He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
          successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
          Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
          charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
          to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
          could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

          When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
          struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
          (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
          Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
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