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4 January

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 4 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Rumon of Tavistock
    Message 1 of 13 , Jan 5, 2012
      Celtic and Old English Saints 4 January

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Rumon of Tavistock
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      * St. Rumon, Bishop and Confessor of Devon
      ---------------------------------------------
      6th century. This patron of the abbey of Tavistock and Romansleigh in
      Devonshire, and of Ruan Lanihorne, Ruan Major and Minor in Cornwall is
      reputed to have been a brother of Saint Tudwal. William of Malmesbury
      tells us that his vita was destroyed by the wars, but that Rumon was a
      bishop of an unidentified see. About this time a well- meaning canon
      provided a vita from Rumon by taking an abbreviated life of the Breton
      Saint Ronan and changing the name to Rumon throughout. It does, however,
      describe the translation of Rumon's relics on January 5, 981, from Ruan
      Lanihorne, a Celtic monastery and the most ancient centre of his cultus,
      to Tavistock. Saint Rumon was highly venerated at Tavistock, the earl
      Ordulf built a church under his invocation in the 10th century and
      requested his relics, which remained there throughout the Middle Ages.
      Glastonbury also claimed Rumon's relics. He may have been a monk at
      Glastonbury, who founded a monastery on the Lizard Peninsula in
      Cornwall. He is also venerated in Norwich and Ramsey (Encyclopaedia,
      Farmer, Husenbeth).

      Another Life:
      http://www.britannia.com/bios/ebk/rumonby.html


      St. Rumon Of Tavistock
      --------------------------------------------------------
      (Welsh: Rhufon; Latin: Romanus; English: Ronan)
      (Born c.AD 515)

      Rumon is a saint of some controversy. He is chiefly the patron of Tavistock
      in Devon, but also apparently of several churches in Cornwall and Brittany
      where he is variously called Ruan or Ronan. It is not completely certain
      that the character referred to in each was the same man.

      According to the relic lists of Glastonbury, Prince Rumon was a brother of
      St. Tugdual and, therefore, one of the sons of King Hoel I Mawr (the Great)
      of Brittany. Tradition says he was educated in Britain-probably Wales-but
      that he later accompanied St. Breaca on her return from Ireland to her
      Cornish homeland. Like Tudgual, he had presumably travelled to Ireland to
      learn the Holy Scriptures. He is said to have lived in a hermitage on Inis
      Luaidhe, near Iniscathy, and was eventually raised to the episcopacy. In
      Cornwall, he founded churches at Ruan Lanihorne (on the River Fal), Ruan
      Major & Minor (near the Lizard Peninsula), a defunct chapel in Redruth and
      at Romansleigh in Devon; but he quickly moved on to Cornouaille in Brittany,
      with St. Senan as his companion.

      Rumon met up with St. Remigius in Rheims, which would place him in Brittany
      around the early 6th century, the probable time of his birth if he was a son
      of Hoel Mawr. At any rate, he settled first at St. Rйnan and then moved on
      to the Forest of Nevez, overlooking the Bay of Douarnenez. He seems to have
      acquired a wife, named Ceban, and children at some point. He may be
      identical with Ronan Ledewig (the Breton), father of SS. Gargunan and Silan.
      His lady wife took a distinct dislike to Rumon's preaching amongst the local
      pagan inhabitants and considered him to be neglecting his domestic duties.
      The situation became so bad that she plotted to have Rumon arrested.

      Hiding their little daughter in a chest, Ceban fled to the Royal Court at
      Quimper and sought an audience with the Prince of Cornouaille-supposedly
      Gradlon, though he lived some years earlier. She claimed that her husband
      was a werewolf who ravaged the local sheep every fortnight and had now
      killed their baby girl! Rumon was arrested, but the sceptical monarch
      tested him by exposing the prisoner to his hunting dogs. They would have
      immediately reacted to any sign of wolf, but Rumon remained unharmed and was
      proclaimed a holy man. His daughter was found, safe and well, whilst his
      wife appears to have received only the lightest of punishments. Despite
      this, her troublemaking persisted and Rumon was forced to abandon her and
      journey eastward towards Rennes. He eventually settled at Hilion in
      Domnonia, where he lived until his death.

      There was much quarrelling over Rumon's holy body after his demise. His
      companion had thought to keep one of his arms as a relic and brutally cut it
      off. A disturbing dream soon made him put it back though. Later, the
      Princes of Cornouaille, Rennes and Vannes all claimed the honour of burying
      him in their own province. The matter was decided by allowing him to be
      drawn on a wagon by two three-year-old oxen who had never been yoked. Where
      they rested, he would be interred. However, the body would not allow itself
      to be lifted onto the cart, except by the Prince of Cornouaille; so it was
      no surprise when the cattle chose Locronan in the Forest of Nevez, near his
      former home.

      It is unclear when Rumon's relics left Locronan-despite the 16th century
      shrine still to be seen there today. It was suggested by Baring-Gould &
      Fisher that they were removed to safety in Britain during the Viking coastal
      attacks of AD 913 & 14. Tradition says they were taken to Quimper, thence
      to Ruan Lanihorne in Cornwall. In AD 960, however, Earl Ordgar of Devon
      founded his great Abbey of Tavistock, on the edge of Dartmoor. He
      translated the body of Rumon into the abbey church with much pomp and
      ceremony and there it remained, working miracles for nearly six hundred
      years: until the Dissolution of the Monastery in the late 1530s. Some
      relics, however, may have made their way back to Brittany, by the 13th
      century, including, perhaps, his head.


      Troparion of Ruman of Tavistock tone 5
      Thou didst dazzle us with a jewel, a treasure,/ a pearl of great price,/
      O righteous Father Ruman, in the God pleasing life and asceticism of the
      desert./ Thy selfless devotion, love of animals and patience/ in the
      face of false malicious tales, you are our guiding light./ Grant us thy
      great mercy.


      ********************************
      Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
      or the prayer corner at home.
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
      *********************************

      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 4 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Rumon of Tavistock
      Message 2 of 13 , Jan 4, 2013
        Celtic and Old English Saints 4 January

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Rumon of Tavistock
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        * St. Rumon, Bishop and Confessor of Devon
        ---------------------------------------------
        6th century. This patron of the abbey of Tavistock and Romansleigh in
        Devonshire, and of Ruan Lanihorne, Ruan Major and Minor in Cornwall is
        reputed to have been a brother of Saint Tudwal. William of Malmesbury
        tells us that his vita was destroyed by the wars, but that Rumon was a
        bishop of an unidentified see. About this time a well- meaning canon
        provided a vita from Rumon by taking an abbreviated life of the Breton
        Saint Ronan and changing the name to Rumon throughout. It does, however,
        describe the translation of Rumon's relics on January 5, 981, from Ruan
        Lanihorne, a Celtic monastery and the most ancient centre of his cultus,
        to Tavistock. Saint Rumon was highly venerated at Tavistock, the earl
        Ordulf built a church under his invocation in the 10th century and
        requested his relics, which remained there throughout the Middle Ages.
        Glastonbury also claimed Rumon's relics. He may have been a monk at
        Glastonbury, who founded a monastery on the Lizard Peninsula in
        Cornwall. He is also venerated in Norwich and Ramsey (Encyclopaedia,
        Farmer, Husenbeth).

        Another Life:
        http://www.britannia.com/bios/ebk/rumonby.html


        St. Rumon Of Tavistock
        --------------------------------------------------------
        (Welsh: Rhufon; Latin: Romanus; English: Ronan)
        (Born c.AD 515)

        Rumon is a saint of some controversy. He is chiefly the patron of Tavistock
        in Devon, but also apparently of several churches in Cornwall and Brittany
        where he is variously called Ruan or Ronan. It is not completely certain
        that the character referred to in each was the same man.

        According to the relic lists of Glastonbury, Prince Rumon was a brother of
        St. Tugdual and, therefore, one of the sons of King Hoel I Mawr (the Great)
        of Brittany. Tradition says he was educated in Britain-probably Wales-but
        that he later accompanied St. Breaca on her return from Ireland to her
        Cornish homeland. Like Tudgual, he had presumably travelled to Ireland to
        learn the Holy Scriptures. He is said to have lived in a hermitage on Inis
        Luaidhe, near Iniscathy, and was eventually raised to the episcopacy. In
        Cornwall, he founded churches at Ruan Lanihorne (on the River Fal), Ruan
        Major & Minor (near the Lizard Peninsula), a defunct chapel in Redruth and
        at Romansleigh in Devon; but he quickly moved on to Cornouaille in Brittany,
        with St. Senan as his companion.

        Rumon met up with St. Remigius in Rheims, which would place him in Brittany
        around the early 6th century, the probable time of his birth if he was a son
        of Hoel Mawr. At any rate, he settled first at St. Rйnan and then moved on
        to the Forest of Nevez, overlooking the Bay of Douarnenez. He seems to have
        acquired a wife, named Ceban, and children at some point. He may be
        identical with Ronan Ledewig (the Breton), father of SS. Gargunan and Silan.
        His lady wife took a distinct dislike to Rumon's preaching amongst the local
        pagan inhabitants and considered him to be neglecting his domestic duties.
        The situation became so bad that she plotted to have Rumon arrested.

        Hiding their little daughter in a chest, Ceban fled to the Royal Court at
        Quimper and sought an audience with the Prince of Cornouaille-supposedly
        Gradlon, though he lived some years earlier. She claimed that her husband
        was a werewolf who ravaged the local sheep every fortnight and had now
        killed their baby girl! Rumon was arrested, but the sceptical monarch
        tested him by exposing the prisoner to his hunting dogs. They would have
        immediately reacted to any sign of wolf, but Rumon remained unharmed and was
        proclaimed a holy man. His daughter was found, safe and well, whilst his
        wife appears to have received only the lightest of punishments. Despite
        this, her troublemaking persisted and Rumon was forced to abandon her and
        journey eastward towards Rennes. He eventually settled at Hilion in
        Domnonia, where he lived until his death.

        There was much quarrelling over Rumon's holy body after his demise. His
        companion had thought to keep one of his arms as a relic and brutally cut it
        off. A disturbing dream soon made him put it back though. Later, the
        Princes of Cornouaille, Rennes and Vannes all claimed the honour of burying
        him in their own province. The matter was decided by allowing him to be
        drawn on a wagon by two three-year-old oxen who had never been yoked. Where
        they rested, he would be interred. However, the body would not allow itself
        to be lifted onto the cart, except by the Prince of Cornouaille; so it was
        no surprise when the cattle chose Locronan in the Forest of Nevez, near his
        former home.

        It is unclear when Rumon's relics left Locronan-despite the 16th century
        shrine still to be seen there today. It was suggested by Baring-Gould &
        Fisher that they were removed to safety in Britain during the Viking coastal
        attacks of AD 913 & 14. Tradition says they were taken to Quimper, thence
        to Ruan Lanihorne in Cornwall. In AD 960, however, Earl Ordgar of Devon
        founded his great Abbey of Tavistock, on the edge of Dartmoor. He
        translated the body of Rumon into the abbey church with much pomp and
        ceremony and there it remained, working miracles for nearly six hundred
        years: until the Dissolution of the Monastery in the late 1530s. Some
        relics, however, may have made their way back to Brittany, by the 13th
        century, including, perhaps, his head.


        Troparion of Ruman of Tavistock tone 5
        Thou didst dazzle us with a jewel, a treasure,/ a pearl of great price,/
        O righteous Father Ruman, in the God pleasing life and asceticism of the
        desert./ Thy selfless devotion, love of animals and patience/ in the
        face of false malicious tales, you are our guiding light./ Grant us thy
        great mercy.


        ********************************
        Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
        or the prayer corner at home.
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
        *********************************

        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 4 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Rumon of Tavistock
        Message 3 of 13 , Jan 3, 2014
          Celtic and Old English Saints 4 January

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Rumon of Tavistock
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          * St. Rumon, Bishop and Confessor of Devon
          ---------------------------------------------
          6th century. This patron of the abbey of Tavistock and Romansleigh in
          Devonshire, and of Ruan Lanihorne, Ruan Major and Minor in Cornwall is
          reputed to have been a brother of Saint Tudwal. William of Malmesbury
          tells us that his vita was destroyed by the wars, but that Rumon was a
          bishop of an unidentified see. About this time a well- meaning canon
          provided a vita from Rumon by taking an abbreviated life of the Breton
          Saint Ronan and changing the name to Rumon throughout. It does, however,
          describe the translation of Rumon's relics on January 5, 981, from Ruan
          Lanihorne, a Celtic monastery and the most ancient centre of his cultus,
          to Tavistock. Saint Rumon was highly venerated at Tavistock, the earl
          Ordulf built a church under his invocation in the 10th century and
          requested his relics, which remained there throughout the Middle Ages.
          Glastonbury also claimed Rumon's relics. He may have been a monk at
          Glastonbury, who founded a monastery on the Lizard Peninsula in
          Cornwall. He is also venerated in Norwich and Ramsey (Encyclopaedia,
          Farmer, Husenbeth).

          Another Life:
          http://www.britannia.com/bios/ebk/rumonby.html


          St. Rumon Of Tavistock
          --------------------------------------------------------
          (Welsh: Rhufon; Latin: Romanus; English: Ronan)
          (Born c.AD 515)

          Rumon is a saint of some controversy. He is chiefly the patron of Tavistock
          in Devon, but also apparently of several churches in Cornwall and Brittany
          where he is variously called Ruan or Ronan. It is not completely certain
          that the character referred to in each was the same man.

          According to the relic lists of Glastonbury, Prince Rumon was a brother of
          St. Tugdual and, therefore, one of the sons of King Hoel I Mawr (the Great)
          of Brittany. Tradition says he was educated in Britain-probably Wales-but
          that he later accompanied St. Breaca on her return from Ireland to her
          Cornish homeland. Like Tudgual, he had presumably travelled to Ireland to
          learn the Holy Scriptures. He is said to have lived in a hermitage on Inis
          Luaidhe, near Iniscathy, and was eventually raised to the episcopacy. In
          Cornwall, he founded churches at Ruan Lanihorne (on the River Fal), Ruan
          Major & Minor (near the Lizard Peninsula), a defunct chapel in Redruth and
          at Romansleigh in Devon; but he quickly moved on to Cornouaille in Brittany,
          with St. Senan as his companion.

          Rumon met up with St. Remigius in Rheims, which would place him in Brittany
          around the early 6th century, the probable time of his birth if he was a son
          of Hoel Mawr. At any rate, he settled first at St. Rйnan and then moved on
          to the Forest of Nevez, overlooking the Bay of Douarnenez. He seems to have
          acquired a wife, named Ceban, and children at some point. He may be
          identical with Ronan Ledewig (the Breton), father of SS. Gargunan and Silan.
          His lady wife took a distinct dislike to Rumon's preaching amongst the local
          pagan inhabitants and considered him to be neglecting his domestic duties.
          The situation became so bad that she plotted to have Rumon arrested.

          Hiding their little daughter in a chest, Ceban fled to the Royal Court at
          Quimper and sought an audience with the Prince of Cornouaille-supposedly
          Gradlon, though he lived some years earlier. She claimed that her husband
          was a werewolf who ravaged the local sheep every fortnight and had now
          killed their baby girl! Rumon was arrested, but the sceptical monarch
          tested him by exposing the prisoner to his hunting dogs. They would have
          immediately reacted to any sign of wolf, but Rumon remained unharmed and was
          proclaimed a holy man. His daughter was found, safe and well, whilst his
          wife appears to have received only the lightest of punishments. Despite
          this, her troublemaking persisted and Rumon was forced to abandon her and
          journey eastward towards Rennes. He eventually settled at Hilion in
          Domnonia, where he lived until his death.

          There was much quarrelling over Rumon's holy body after his demise. His
          companion had thought to keep one of his arms as a relic and brutally cut it
          off. A disturbing dream soon made him put it back though. Later, the
          Princes of Cornouaille, Rennes and Vannes all claimed the honour of burying
          him in their own province. The matter was decided by allowing him to be
          drawn on a wagon by two three-year-old oxen who had never been yoked. Where
          they rested, he would be interred. However, the body would not allow itself
          to be lifted onto the cart, except by the Prince of Cornouaille; so it was
          no surprise when the cattle chose Locronan in the Forest of Nevez, near his
          former home.

          It is unclear when Rumon's relics left Locronan-despite the 16th century
          shrine still to be seen there today. It was suggested by Baring-Gould &
          Fisher that they were removed to safety in Britain during the Viking coastal
          attacks of AD 913 & 14. Tradition says they were taken to Quimper, thence
          to Ruan Lanihorne in Cornwall. In AD 960, however, Earl Ordgar of Devon
          founded his great Abbey of Tavistock, on the edge of Dartmoor. He
          translated the body of Rumon into the abbey church with much pomp and
          ceremony and there it remained, working miracles for nearly six hundred
          years: until the Dissolution of the Monastery in the late 1530s. Some
          relics, however, may have made their way back to Brittany, by the 13th
          century, including, perhaps, his head.


          Troparion of Ruman of Tavistock tone 5
          Thou didst dazzle us with a jewel, a treasure,/ a pearl of great price,/
          O righteous Father Ruman, in the God pleasing life and asceticism of the
          desert./ Thy selfless devotion, love of animals and patience/ in the
          face of false malicious tales, you are our guiding light./ Grant us thy
          great mercy.


          ********************************
          Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
          or the prayer corner at home.
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
          *********************************


          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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