Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

21 April

Expand Messages
  • emrys`nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 21 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beuno of Wales * St. Eingan of Bangor * Saint Maelrubha of
    Message 1 of 3 , Apr 19, 2000
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 21 April

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Beuno of Wales
      * St. Eingan of Bangor
      * Saint Maelrubha of Applecross
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Beuno (Beunor) Abbot of Clynnog Fawr, Caernarvon, Wales
      -------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 630; he has another feast on January 14. There is evidence that
      Beuno was a Welsh man of importance, founder of several monasteries. His
      story that has been handed down to us in a form written in 1346, but it
      may contain elements of legend. Beuno was the son of Beugi (Hywgi) and
      grandson of a Welsh prince. He was educated in Herefordshire, perhaps at
      Bangor Abbey, near which there is still a village called Llanfeuno.
      Beuno was the uncle of Saint Winifred, who was
      restored to life after her suitor severed her head. Cadvan was king of
      North Wales, and had recently been victorious over King Ethelred of
      Northumberland, who, about 607, had massacred the monks of Bangor. Saint
      Beuno gave the king a golden sceptre, and the prince in turn assigned a
      spot for Beuno's monastery near Fynnon Beuno (Beuno's Well), in the
      parish of Llanwunda, of which he is titular saint. But as he was laying
      the foundation, a woman came to him with a child
      in her arms, saying that the ground was this infant's inheritance.
      Troubled by this, the holy man took the woman with him to the king and
      told him that he could not devote to God another's patrimony. The king
      refused to pay any attention to his remonstrances. So the saint left.
      But Gwyddeiant, the king's cousin, immediately went after him, and
      bestowed on him the
      township of Clynnog Fawr, his undoubted patrimony, where Beuno built his
      church about the year 616. King Cadvan died about that time; but his son
      and successor Cadwallon surpassed him in his liberality to the saint and
      his monastery.

      It is related, among other miracles, that when a certain man had lost
      his eyebrow by some hurt, Saint Beuno healed it by applying the iron
      point of his staff: and that from this circumstance a church four miles
      from Clynnog, perhaps built by the person so healed, retains to this day
      the name of Llanael Hayarn, i.e., church of the iron brow.

      His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in Caernarvonshire,
      where he may well have had a small monastery. There are many other
      foundations (including Aberffraw and Trefdraeth on Anglesey Island),
      both in central East Wales and in Clwyd, dedicated to him that may have
      be established by his disciples.

      Beuno died and was buried at Clynnog Fawr, where a stone oratory was
      built over his tomb. Later his relics were translated to a new church
      (Eglwys y Bedd), where miracles were reported. The beautiful stone
      church is large and magnificent as is Saint Beuno's chapel, which is
      joined to the church by a portico. In this chapel, the fine painted or
      stained glass in the large
      windows is much effaced and destroyed, except a large figure of our
      blessed Saviour extended on the cross. Opposite this crucifix, about
      three yards from the east window, is Saint Beuno's tomb, raised above
      the ground, and covered with a large stone, upon which people still lay
      sick children, in hopes of being cured.

      Beuno's cultus survived the Reformation. During the reign of Elizabeth
      I, there were complaints that lambs and calves were offered at his tomb
      and later brought back because Beuno's cattle "prospered marvellous
      well." Sick people were still brought to the grave towards the end of
      the 18th century, where they bathed in his holy well and spent the night
      in his tomb.
      The ruins of his primitive oratory were excavated in 1914. In our age,
      Beuno's memory has been revived by the Jesuits' establishment of Saint
      Beuno's College in northern Wales (Attwater, Benedictines,
      Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth). In art, Beuno is shown
      restoring his niece's head (Roeder). He is chiefly venerated at Clynnog
      (Roeder).

      Troparion of St Beuno Tone 6
      Thou didst work many miracles and found many churches,/ O glorious
      Father Beuno./ Thou didst protect Saint Winifred/ and guide her in
      holiness./ Protect us also, by thy prayers, through all the dangers of
      this life/ that we may receive mercy.


      St. Eingan (Eneon), Hermit of Llyn, Bangor, Wales
      ---------------------------------------------------
      No details. Can anybody help?


      Saint Maelrubha, Abbot of Applecross, Isle of Skye, Scotland
      (Ma-Rui, Molroy, Errew, Summaryruff, also Sagart-Ruadh)
      ----------------------------------------------------
      This little-known Saint was one of the most active of the numerous Irish
      proselytizers who underwent the white martyrdom (self-imposed exile) in
      what is now Scotland. Unfortunately there is no known extant life or
      hagiography of this saint, so details of his life must be gleaned from
      other sources. There are numerous citations of this Saint in various
      Irish Annals and
      Martyrologies.

      St. Maelrubha was born near Derry, Ireland in 642. His father was of
      the Cenel nEogain (the clan of Eoghan), making the saint eighth in line
      of direct descent of the famous Niall of the Nine Hostages. According
      to legend, Niall was responsible for the abduction of the St. Patrick to
      Ireland from Britain. Regardless, this lineage made St. Maelrubha a
      distant cousin of St. Columcille. His mother was of the Cruithne, a
      Pictish race that settled in the north of Ireland, and a niece of St.
      Comgal of
      Bangor.

      St. Maelrubha entered the monastery at Bangor, Ireland in his youth and
      departed for the land of the Northern Picts in 671. He probably put in
      initially on the isle of Islay and worked his way up the west coast of
      Scotland over the course of the next two years. He eventually settled
      in Appurcrossan, now known as Applecross, and in 673 St. Maelrubha
      established his famous monastery that was his base in converting the
      Picts to Christianity.

      If one goes on placename dedications, this athlete for Christ roamed far
      and wide. Sites bearing his name, or some form of his name, range as
      far north as Loch Broom, as far south as Islay, as far west as Harris,
      and up the Great Glen toward Inverness. St. Maelrubha fell asleep in
      the Lord in the year 722 at the age of eighty.

      Due to the proximity of Applecross to the Isle of Skye and his numerous
      works on the island, St. Maelrubha is considered to be the patron saint
      of the southern and central portions of the island (St. Columcille has
      the upper portion). On his journeys to the island from Applecross, St.
      Maelrubha most likely put in at Ashaig in the Strath district. This
      location is considered to be one of the earliest Christian sites on the
      island and there is a stone-covered well bearing his name, Tobar na
      Marui, at the site.

      According to accounts, in his advanced years St. Maelrubha tried to rise
      from sitting one day by grabbing ahold of a branch of an ash tree. While
      rising, the tree was uprooted and a spring gushed forth and the water
      from this spring possessed healing powers. Another tree stood close to
      the well upon which the Saint would hang a bronze bell to gather the
      faithful. As with the well, the bell possessed miraculous powers in that
      it would ring of its own accord when the Saint was preparing to speak.
      It was also at that location that the Saint would mount the Rock of the
      Book, Creag naLeabhair, known today as the Pulpit Rock. There is
      another healing spring associated with this Saint on an island in the
      Loch Maree (Maree is the anglicization of the Scots' Gaelic Maoil
      Ruibhe, of Maelrubha).

      There is another location farther down the Strath district on Skye, on
      the Strathaird peninsula, that bears the Saint's name. This site is
      known as Kilmarie (again, an anglicization of the Scots Gaelic.) All
      that remains of the site today is a small
      enclosed burial ground. Nearby is a cave where, according to local
      accounts, St. Maelrubha would preach to the faithful in inclement
      weather. Finally, there is also a small loch close to the Kilmarie where
      the Saint was said to have subdued a creature like that of the Loch Ness
      (cf. Vita Columbae by Adam, book 2,
      section 27 http://www.usu.edu/~history/norm/columb~1.htm ).

      Following the Saint's repose, the land for six miles around his
      monastery was considered sacred and protected. Today the land is called
      in Gaelic A'Chomraich, The Sanctuary. The staff of the Saint was
      believed to have existed at Kilvary in Argyll. Guarding this staff was
      the duty of the Dewars of Scotland. Unfortunately, the staff
      disappeared around the time of
      the Reformation in Scotland.

      This Life kindly supplied by Maelrubha Donley
      ===================================


      Another Life of St. Maelrubha
      (Ma-Rui, Molroy, Errew, Summaryruff, also Sagart-Ruadh)
      ----------------------------------------------

      An abbot and martyr, founder of Abercrossan, b. 642; d. 21 April, 722.
      He was descended from Niall, King of Ireland, on the side of his father
      Elganach. His mother, Subtan, was a niece of St. Comgall the Great, of
      Bangor. St. Maelrubha was born in the county of Derry and was educated
      at Bangor. When he was in his thirtieth year he sailed from Ireland for
      Scotland, with a following of monks. For two years he travelled about,
      chiefly in Argyll, and founded about half-a dozen churches then settled
      at Abercrossan (Applecross), in the west of Ross. Here he built his
      chief church and monastery in the midst of the Pictish folk, and thence
      he set out on missionary journeys, westward to the islands Skye and
      Lewis, eastward
      to Forres and Keith, and northward to Loch Shinn, Durness, and Farr. It
      was on this last journey that he was martyred by Danish vikings,
      probably at Teampull, about nine miles up Strath-Naver from Farr, where
      he had built a cell. He was buried close to the River Naver, not far
      from his cell, and his grave is still marked by "a rough cross-marked
      stone". The tradition, in
      the "Aberdeen Breviary", that he was killed at Urquhart and buried at
      Abercrossan is probably a mistake arising from a confusion of Gaelic
      place-names.

      This error had been copied by several later hagiologists, as has also
      the same writers' confusion of St. Maelrubha with St. Rufus of Capua.
      Maelrubha was, after St. Columba, perhaps the most popular saint of the
      north-west of Scotland. At least twenty-one churches are dedicated to
      him, and Dean Reeves enumerates about forty forms of his name. His death
      occurred on 21 April, and his feast has always been kept in Ireland on
      this day; but in Scotland (probably owing to the confusion with St.
      Rufus) it is kept on 27 August.

      Extract from the Catholic Encyclopaedia, copyright © 1913 by the
      Encyclopaedia
      Press, Inc.

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://www.egroups.com/group/celt-saints/
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Christ Is Risen ! Tá Críost ar éirigh! Celtic and Old English Saints 21 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beuno of Wales *
      Message 2 of 3 , Apr 19, 2001
      • 0 Attachment
        Christ Is Risen !
        Tá Críost ar éirigh!


        Celtic and Old English Saints 21 April

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Beuno of Wales
        * St. Eingan of Bangor
        * Saint Maelrubha of Applecross
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Beuno (Beunor) Abbot of Clynnog Fawr, Caernarvon, Wales
        -------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 630; he has another feast on January 14. There is evidence that
        Beuno was a Welsh man of importance, founder of several monasteries. His
        story that has been handed down to us in a form written in 1346, but it
        may contain elements of legend. Beuno was the son of Beugi (Hywgi) and
        grandson of a Welsh prince. He was educated in Herefordshire, perhaps at
        Bangor Abbey, near which there is still a village called Llanfeuno.

        Beuno was the uncle of Saint Winifred, who was restored to life after
        her suitor severed her head. Cadvan was king of North Wales, and had
        recently been victorious over King Ethelred of Northumberland, who,
        about 607, had massacred the monks of Bangor. Saint Beuno gave the king
        a golden sceptre, and the prince in turn assigned a spot for Beuno's
        monastery near Fynnon Beuno (Beuno's Well), in the parish of Llanwunda,
        of which he is titular saint. But as he was laying the foundation, a
        woman came to him with a child in her arms, saying that the ground was
        this infant's inheritance. Troubled by this, the holy man took the woman
        with him to the king and told him that he could not devote to God
        another's patrimony. The king refused to pay any attention to his
        remonstrances. So the saint left. But Gwyddeiant, the king's cousin,
        immediately went after him, and bestowed on him the township of Clynnog
        Fawr, his undoubted patrimony, where Beuno built his church about the
        year 616. King Cadvan died about that time; but his son and successor
        Cadwallon surpassed him in his liberality to the saint and
        his monastery.

        It is related, among other miracles, that when a certain man had lost
        his eyebrow by some hurt, Saint Beuno healed it by applying the iron
        point of his staff: and that from this circumstance a church four miles
        from Clynnog, perhaps built by the person so healed, retains to this day
        the name of Llanael Hayarn, i.e., church of the iron brow.

        His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in Caernarvonshire,
        where he may well have had a small monastery. There are many other
        foundations (including Aberffraw and Trefdraeth on Anglesey Island),
        both in central East Wales and in Clwyd, dedicated to him that may have
        been established by his disciples.

        Beuno died and was buried at Clynnog Fawr, where a stone oratory was
        built over his tomb. Later his relics were translated to a new church
        (Eglwys y Bedd), where miracles took place. The beautiful stone church
        is large and magnificent as is Saint Beuno's chapel, which is joined to
        the church by a portico. In this chapel, the fine painted or stained
        glass in the large
        windows is much effaced and destroyed, except a large figure of our
        blessed Saviour extended on the cross. Opposite this crucifix, about
        three yards from the east window, is Saint Beuno's tomb, raised above
        the ground, and covered with a large stone, upon which people still lay
        sick children, in hopes of being cured.

        Beuno's cultus survived the Reformation. During the reign of Elizabeth
        I, there were complaints that lambs and calves were offered at his tomb
        and later brought back because Beuno's cattle "prospered marvellous
        well." Sick people were still brought to the grave towards the end of
        the 18th century, where they bathed in his holy well and spent the night
        in his tomb.

        The ruins of his primitive oratory were excavated in 1914. In our age,
        Beuno's memory has been revived by the Jesuits' establishment of Saint
        Beuno's College in northern Wales (Attwater, Benedictines,
        Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth). In art, Beuno is shown
        restoring his niece's head (Roeder). He is chiefly venerated at Clynnog
        (Roeder).

        Troparion of St Beuno Tone 6
        Thou didst work many miracles and found many churches,/ O glorious
        Father Beuno./ Thou didst protect Saint Winifred/ and guide her in
        holiness./ Protect us also, by thy prayers, through all the dangers of
        this life/ that we may receive mercy.


        St. Eingan (Eneon), Hermit of Llyn, Bangor, Wales
        ---------------------------------------------------
        No details. Can anybody help?


        Saint Maelrubha, Abbot of Applecross, Isle of Skye, Scotland
        (Ma-Rui, Molroy, Errew, Summaryruff, also Sagart-Ruadh)
        ----------------------------------------------------
        This little-known Saint was one of the most active of the numerous Irish
        proselytizers who underwent the white martyrdom (self-imposed exile) in
        what is now Scotland. Unfortunately there is no known extant life or
        hagiography of this saint, so details of his life must be gleaned from
        other sources. There are numerous citations of this Saint in various
        Irish Annals and
        Martyrologies.

        St. Maelrubha was born near Derry, Ireland in 642. His father was of
        the Cenel nEogain (the clan of Eoghan), making the saint eighth in line
        of direct descent of the famous Niall of the Nine Hostages. According
        to legend, Niall was responsible for the abduction of the St. Patrick to
        Ireland from Britain. Regardless, this lineage made St. Maelrubha a
        distant cousin of St. Columcille. His mother was of the Cruithne, a
        Pictish race that settled in the north of Ireland, and a niece of St.
        Comgal of
        Bangor.

        St. Maelrubha entered the monastery at Bangor, Ireland in his youth and
        departed for the land of the Northern Picts in 671. In the Felire of
        Aengus his mission is recorded, "Into Scotland with purity after leaving
        every happiness went our brother Maelrubba". He probably put in
        initially on the isle of Islay and worked his way up the west coast of
        Scotland over the course of the next two years. He eventually settled
        in Appurcrossan, now known as Applecross, and in 673 St. Maelrubha
        established his famous monastery that was his base in converting the
        Picts to Christianity.

        If one goes on placename dedications, this athlete for Christ roamed far
        and wide. Sites bearing his name, or some form of his name, range as
        far north as Loch Broom, as far south as Islay, as far west as Harris,
        and up the Great Glen toward Inverness.

        From his monastery Maelrubba founded many churches in the glens and
        islands of north-west Scotland, but the Gaelic place names make it
        difficult to distinguish between the dedications to Maelrubba and those
        to the honour of Our Lady, the suffix of endearment Mo or Ma almost
        always being added to his name. His name, shorn of the suffix, means
        "the red priest". Certainly the chapel on the island in Loch Maree,
        where there is also a spring of water with healing powers, is one of his
        foundations, and the Celtic cross in the churchyard at Kilmory Knap by
        Loch Sween is in his territory. In the Middle Ages the area round his
        abbey at Applecross was privileged, and even now the parish in Gaelic is
        A'Chromraich, The Sanctuary.


        St. Maelrubha fell asleep in the Lord in the year 722 at the advanced
        age of eighty, and although the Irish traditions are that he died of old
        age, the Scottish assert that he was killed by the Danes, the Black
        Gentiles. In the Aberdeen Breviary the legend says that he died at
        Urquart in the Black Isle, on the eastern side of the county of Ross and
        Cromerty, and for three days he lay severely wounded comforted by
        angels. A bright light hovering over the dying saint attracted a priest,
        who was able to give him the viaticum, and later a church was built over
        the place. His body was buried in his church at Applecross, and a carved
        stone markes the site of his grave.


        Due to the proximity of Applecross to the Isle of Skye and his numerous
        works on the island, St. Maelrubha is considered to be the patron saint
        of the southern and central portions of the island (St. Columcille has
        the upper portion). On his journeys to the island from Applecross, St.
        Maelrubha most likely put in at Ashaig in the Strath district. This
        location is considered to be one of the earliest Christian sites on the
        island and there is a stone-covered well bearing his name, Tobar na
        Marui, at the site.

        According to accounts, in his advanced years St. Maelrubha tried to rise
        from sitting one day by grabbing ahold of a branch of an ash tree. While
        rising, the tree was uprooted and a spring gushed forth and the water
        from this spring possessed healing powers. Another tree stood close to
        the well upon which the Saint would hang a bronze bell to gather the
        faithful. As with the well, the bell possessed miraculous powers in that
        it would ring of its own accord when the Saint was preparing to speak.
        It was also at that location that the Saint would mount the Rock of the
        Book, Creag naLeabhair, known today as the Pulpit Rock. There is
        another healing spring associated with this Saint on an island in the
        Loch Maree (Maree is the anglicization of the Scots' Gaelic Maoil
        Ruibhe, of Maelrubha).

        There is another location farther down the Strath district on Skye, on
        the Strathaird peninsula, that bears the Saint's name. This site is
        known as Kilmarie (again, an anglicization of the Scots Gaelic.) All
        that remains of the site today is a small
        enclosed burial ground. Nearby is a cave where, according to local
        accounts, St. Maelrubha would preach to the faithful in inclement
        weather. Finally, there is also a small loch close to the Kilmarie where
        the Saint was said to have subdued a creature like that of the Loch Ness
        (cf. Vita Columbae by Adam, book 2, section 27
        http://www.usu.edu/~history/norm/columb~1.htm ).

        Following the Saint's repose, the land for six miles around his
        monastery was considered sacred and protected. Today the land is called
        in Gaelic A'Chomraich, The Sanctuary. The staff of the Saint was
        believed to have existed at Kilvary in Argyll. Guarding this staff was
        the duty of the Dewars of Scotland. Unfortunately, the staff
        disappeared around the time of
        the Reformation in Scotland.

        This Life kindly supplied by Maelrubha Donley
        ===================================


        Another Life of St. Maelrubha
        (Ma-Rui, Molroy, Errew, Summaryruff, also Sagart-Ruadh)
        ----------------------------------------------

        An abbot and martyr, founder of Abercrossan, b. 642; d. 21 April, 722.
        He was descended from Niall, King of Ireland, on the side of his father
        Elganach. His mother, Subtan, was a niece of St. Comgall the Great, of
        Bangor. St. Maelrubha was born in the county of Derry and was educated
        at Bangor. When he was in his thirtieth year he sailed from Ireland for
        Scotland, with a following of monks. For two years he travelled about,
        chiefly in Argyll, and founded about half-a dozen churches then settled
        at Abercrossan (Applecross), in the west of Ross. Here he built his
        chief church and monastery in the midst of the Pictish folk, and thence
        he set out on missionary journeys, westward to the islands Skye and
        Lewis, eastward to Forres and Keith, and northward to Loch Shinn,
        Durness, and Farr. It was on this last journey that he was martyred by
        Danish vikings, probably at Teampull, about nine miles up Strath-Naver
        from Farr, where
        he had built a cell. He was buried close to the River Naver, not far
        from his cell, and his grave is still marked by "a rough cross-marked
        stone". The tradition, in the "Aberdeen Breviary", that he was killed at
        Urquhart and buried at Abercrossan is probably a mistake arising from a
        confusion of Gaelic place-names.

        Maelrubha was, after St. Columba, perhaps the most popular saint of the
        north-west of Scotland. At least twenty-one churches are dedicated to
        him, and Dean Reeves enumerates about forty forms of his name. His death
        occurred on 21 April, and his feast has always been kept in Ireland on
        this day; but in Scotland (probably owing to the confusion with St.
        Rufus) it is kept on 27 August.

        Extract from the Catholic Encyclopaedia, copyright © 1913 by the
        Encyclopaedia
        Press, Inc.

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 21 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beuno of Wales * St. Eingan of Bangor * Saint Maelrubha of
        Message 3 of 3 , Apr 21, 2012
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 21 April

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Beuno of Wales
          * St. Eingan of Bangor
          * Saint Maelrubha of Applecross
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          Saint Maelrubha, Abbot of Applecross, Isle of Skye, Scotland
          (Ma-Rui, Molroy, Errew, Summaryruff, also Sagart-Ruadh)
          ----------------------------------------------------
          This little-known Saint was one of the most active of the numerous Irish
          proselytizers who underwent the white martyrdom (self-imposed exile) in
          what is now Scotland. Unfortunately there is no known extant life or
          hagiography of this saint, so details of his life must be gleaned from
          other sources. There are numerous citations of this Saint in various
          Irish Annals and
          Martyrologies.

          St. Maelrubha was born near Derry, Ireland in 642. His father was of
          the Cenel nEogain (the clan of Eoghan), making the saint eighth in line
          of direct descent of the famous Niall of the Nine Hostages. According
          to legend, Niall was responsible for the abduction of the St. Patrick to
          Ireland from Britain. Regardless, this lineage made St. Maelrubha a
          distant cousin of St. Columcille. His mother was of the Cruithne, a
          Pictish race that settled in the north of Ireland, and a niece of St.
          Comgal of
          Bangor.

          St. Maelrubha entered the monastery at Bangor, Ireland in his youth and
          departed for the land of the Northern Picts in 671. In the Felire of
          Aengus his mission is recorded, "Into Scotland with purity after leaving
          every happiness went our brother Maelrubba". He probably put in
          initially on the isle of Islay and worked his way up the west coast of
          Scotland over the course of the next two years. He eventually settled
          in Appurcrossan, now known as Applecross, and in 673 St. Maelrubha
          established his famous monastery that was his base in converting the
          Picts to Christianity.

          If one goes on placename dedications, this athlete for Christ roamed far
          and wide. Sites bearing his name, or some form of his name, range as
          far north as Loch Broom, as far south as Islay, as far west as Harris,
          and up the Great Glen toward Inverness.

          >From his monastery Maelrubba founded many churches in the glens and
          islands of north-west Scotland, but the Gaelic place names make it
          difficult to distinguish between the dedications to Maelrubba and those
          to the honour of Our Lady, the suffix of endearment Mo or Ma almost
          always being added to his name. His name, shorn of the suffix, means
          "the red priest". Certainly the chapel on the island in Loch Maree,
          where there is also a spring of water with healing powers, is one of his
          foundations, and the Celtic cross in the churchyard at Kilmory Knap by
          Loch Sween is in his territory. In the Middle Ages the area round his
          abbey at Applecross was privileged, and even now the parish in Gaelic is
          A'Chromraich, The Sanctuary.


          St. Maelrubha fell asleep in the Lord in the year 722 at the advanced
          age of eighty, and although the Irish traditions are that he died of old
          age, the Scottish assert that he was killed by the Danes, the Black
          Gentiles. In the Aberdeen Breviary the legend says that he died at
          Urquart in the Black Isle, on the eastern side of the county of Ross and
          Cromerty, and for three days he lay severely wounded comforted by
          angels. A bright light hovering over the dying saint attracted a priest,
          who was able to give him the viaticum, and later a church was built over
          the place. His body was buried in his church at Applecross, and a carved
          stone markes the site of his grave.


          Due to the proximity of Applecross to the Isle of Skye and his numerous
          works on the island, St. Maelrubha is considered to be the patron saint
          of the southern and central portions of the island (St. Columcille has
          the upper portion). On his journeys to the island from Applecross, St.
          Maelrubha most likely put in at Ashaig in the Strath district. This
          location is considered to be one of the earliest Christian sites on the
          island and there is a stone-covered well bearing his name, Tobar na
          Marui, at the site.

          According to accounts, in his advanced years St. Maelrubha tried to rise
          from sitting one day by grabbing ahold of a branch of an ash tree. While
          rising, the tree was uprooted and a spring gushed forth and the water
          from this spring possessed healing powers. Another tree stood close to
          the well upon which the Saint would hang a bronze bell to gather the
          faithful. As with the well, the bell possessed miraculous powers in that
          it would ring of its own accord when the Saint was preparing to speak.
          It was also at that location that the Saint would mount the Rock of the
          Book, Creag naLeabhair, known today as the Pulpit Rock. There is
          another healing spring associated with this Saint on an island in the
          Loch Maree (Maree is the anglicization of the Scots' Gaelic Maoil
          Ruibhe, of Maelrubha).

          There is another location farther down the Strath district on Skye, on
          the Strathaird peninsula, that bears the Saint's name. This site is
          known as Kilmarie (again, an anglicization of the Scots Gaelic.) All
          that remains of the site today is a small
          enclosed burial ground. Nearby is a cave where, according to local
          accounts, St. Maelrubha would preach to the faithful in inclement
          weather. Finally, there is also a small loch close to the Kilmarie where
          the Saint was said to have subdued a creature like that of the Loch Ness
          (cf. Vita Columbae by Adam, book 2, section 27
          http://www.usu.edu/~history/norm/columb~1.htm ).

          Following the Saint's repose, the land for six miles around his
          monastery was considered sacred and protected. Today the land is called
          in Gaelic A'Chomraich, The Sanctuary. The staff of the Saint was
          believed to have existed at Kilvary in Argyll. Guarding this staff was
          the duty of the Dewars of Scotland. Unfortunately, the staff
          disappeared around the time of
          the Reformation in Scotland.

          This Life kindly supplied by Maelrubha Donley
          ===================================


          Another Life of St. Maelrubha
          (Ma-Rui, Molroy, Errew, Summaryruff, also Sagart-Ruadh)
          ----------------------------------------------

          An abbot and martyr, founder of Abercrossan, b. 642; d. 21 April, 722.
          He was descended from Niall, King of Ireland, on the side of his father
          Elganach. His mother, Subtan, was a niece of St. Comgall the Great, of
          Bangor. St. Maelrubha was born in the county of Derry and was educated
          at Bangor. When he was in his thirtieth year he sailed from Ireland for
          Scotland, with a following of monks. For two years he travelled about,
          chiefly in Argyll, and founded about half-a dozen churches then settled
          at Abercrossan (Applecross), in the west of Ross. Here he built his
          chief church and monastery in the midst of the Pictish folk, and thence
          he set out on missionary journeys, westward to the islands Skye and
          Lewis, eastward to Forres and Keith, and northward to Loch Shinn,
          Durness, and Farr. It was on this last journey that he was martyred by
          Danish vikings, probably at Teampull, about nine miles up Strath-Naver
          from Farr, where
          he had built a cell. He was buried close to the River Naver, not far
          from his cell, and his grave is still marked by "a rough cross-marked
          stone". The tradition, in the "Aberdeen Breviary", that he was killed at
          Urquhart and buried at Abercrossan is probably a mistake arising from a
          confusion of Gaelic place-names.

          Maelrubha was, after St. Columba, perhaps the most popular saint of the
          north-west of Scotland. At least twenty-one churches are dedicated to
          him, and Dean Reeves enumerates about forty forms of his name. His death
          occurred on 21 April, and his feast has always been kept in Ireland on
          this day; but in Scotland (probably owing to the confusion with St.
          Rufus) it is kept on 27 August.

          Extract from the Catholic Encyclopaedia, copyright © 1913 by the
          Encyclopaedia
          Press, Inc.

          o Site of Saint Maelrubha's church
          http://www.cushnieent.force9.co.uk/photogallery1.html


          Icons of Saint Maelrubha
          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Maelrubha.htm


          Icon of All Saints of Scotland
          http://www.comeandseeicons.com/groups/drz19.htm


          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.