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1 April

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 1 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cellach of Armagh * St. Tewdric * St. Caidoc and St. Fricor *
    Message 1 of 14 , Mar 31 3:36 AM
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 April

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Cellach of Armagh
      * St. Tewdric
      * St. Caidoc and St. Fricor
      * St. Valery of Leucone
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Cellach (Ceilach, Keilach, Kelly) of Armagh Bishop
      --------------------------------------------------
      9th century. It seems that Saint Cellach may have been the abbot of
      Iona. He also seems to have founded of the abbey of Kells before his
      consecration as archbishop of Armagh, Ireland (Benedictines).


      St. Tewdric (Theodoric), Hermit
      --------------------------------------------------
      5th to 6th century; feast day is sometimes listed as January 3. Saint
      Tewdric, prince of Glamorgan, is discussed in the "Book of Llan Dav,"
      written much later. According to this source, in his later years he
      resigned his position in favour of his son Meurig in order to become a
      hermit at Tintern. During an invasion of the Saxons, he placed himself
      at the head of his people. In the ensuing battle, he was mortally
      wounded by a lance. Tewdric was buried at Mathern, near Chepstow,
      formerly called Merthyr Tewdrig, where the church still bears his name.
      He is the reputed founder of the churches at Bedwas Llandow and Merthyr
      Tydfil. In the early 17th century, Bishop Francis Godwin of Llandaff
      found the saints bones, including a badly fractured skull in the church
      at Mathern (Farmer).


      St. Caidoc and St. Fricor (Adrian)
      --------------------------------------------------
      7th century; they had four feast days at Centula: January 24, March 31,
      April 1, and May 30. The Irishmen Caidoc and Fricor evangelized the
      country of the Morini in Picardy, northern France, beginning about 622.
      Among the souls they won for Christ was the nobleman Riquier (Saint
      Ricarius; f.d. April 26), who intervened when some locals took offence
      to their preaching and took them into his home. Riquier became a
      fervent Christian, who engaged in penitential austerities and eventually
      was ordained. In 625, Riquier founded Centula based on the Rule of
      Columbanus, another Irishman. Their relics are still venerated at the
      parish church of Saint-Riquier in the diocese of Amiens, although they
      rested in Centula until the 17th century. Saints Caidoc and Fricor
      joined Riquier's community and remained there until they were buried in
      Saint Riquier's church (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, McCarthy,
      Montague, O'Hanlon).


      St. Valery of Leucone, Abbot
      (Valerian, Walaricus, Walericus)
      --------------------------------------------------
      Born in Auvergne, France; died in Leucone, Picardy, France, on December
      12, c. 622; feast of his translation is December 12.

      Valery discovered Benedictine life at Issoire, developed it at Auxerre,
      fructified it at Luxeuil under Saint Columbanus (f.d.
      November 23), and multiplied it with missionary work at Leuconnais
      (Leuconay), in the Somme region of northern France.

      Born into a peasant family in the Auvergne, Valery tended his father's
      sheep in his childhood, which gave him plenty of time to
      develop his prayer life. Out of an ardent desire to grow in spiritual
      knowledge, he learned to read at an early age and
      memorised the Psalter. Dissatisfied with his life as a shepherd, he
      took the monastic habit in the neighbouring monastery of St. Antony's at
      Autumo.

      His fervour from the first day of monastic life led him to live the rule
      perfectly. Sincere humility permitted him to meekly and
      cheerfully subjected himself to everyone. Seeking a stricter rule, he
      migrated to the more austere monastery of St. Germanus, where he was
      received by Bishop Saint Anacharius of Auxerre (f.d. September 25). He
      was drawn to Luxeuil by the reputation of the penitential lives of its
      monks and the spiritual wisdom of Saint Columbanus. There he spent many
      years, always esteeming himself an unprofitable servant and a slothful
      monk, who stood in need of the severest and harshest rules and
      superiors. Next to sin, he dreaded nothing so much as the applause of
      men or a reputation of sanctity. At Luxeuil he also distinguished
      himself as a horticulturalist--the preservation of his fruit and
      vegetables against the ravages of insects that destroyed most other
      crops was considered miraculous.

      When Saint Columbanus was banished from Luxeuil by King Theodoric, the
      monastery was placed in Valery's hands until he was sent by Saint
      Eustasius (f.d. March 29) with his fellow-monk Waldolanus to preach the
      Gospel in Neustria. There King Clotaire II gave them the territory of
      Leucone in Picardy, near the mouth of the river Somme. In 611, with the
      permission of Bishop Bertard of Amiens, they built a chapel and two
      cells. Saint Valery by his preaching and the example of his virtue,
      converted many and attracted fervent disciples with whom he laid the
      foundation of a monastery.

      His fasts he sometimes prolonged for six days, eating only on the
      Sunday; and he used no other bed than twigs laid on the floor. His time
      was entirely occupied with preaching, prayer, reading, and manual
      labour. By this he earned something for the relief of the poor, and he
      often repeated to others, "The more cheerfully we give to those who are
      in distress, the more readily will God give us what we ask of him."

      When Valery died, cures took place at his tomb and his veneration grew,
      which eventually spread to England during the Norman Conquest. William
      the Conqueror exposed Valery's relics for public veneration. He was
      invoked for a favourable wind for the expedition in 1066, which sailed
      from Saint-Valery

      Valery is honoured at Chester Abbey in England and in France, where a
      famous monastery arose from his cells. His "vita" was carefully written
      in 660, by Raimbert, second abbot of Leucone after him. King Richard
      the Lion Hearted had his relics restored to Saint-Valery-en-Caux;
      however, his original abbey later recovered them. Two towns in the
      Somme district are called Saint-Valery after him, and there are several
      dedications to him in England as well (Attwater2, Benedictines,
      Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
      P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
      lives of the saints.]

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the Foundations of Europe.
      New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      McCarthy, E. L. (1927). Saint Columban. Society of
      Saint Columban.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cellach of Armagh * St. Tewdric * St. Caidoc and St. Fricor *
      Message 2 of 14 , Apr 1, 2012
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        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 April

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Cellach of Armagh
        * St. Tewdric
        * St. Caidoc and St. Fricor
        * St. Valery of Leucone
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Cellach (Ceilach, Keilach, Kelly) of Armagh Bishop
        --------------------------------------------------
        9th century. It seems that Saint Cellach may have been the abbot of
        Iona. He also seems to have founded of the abbey of Kells before his
        consecration as archbishop of Armagh, Ireland (Benedictines).


        St. Tewdric (Theodoric), Hermit
        --------------------------------------------------
        5th to 6th century; feast day is sometimes listed as January 3. Saint
        Tewdric, prince of Glamorgan, is discussed in the "Book of Llan Dav,"
        written much later. According to this source, in his later years he
        resigned his position in favour of his son Meurig in order to become a
        hermit at Tintern. During an invasion of the Saxons, he placed himself
        at the head of his people. In the ensuing battle, he was mortally
        wounded by a lance. Tewdric was buried at Mathern, near Chepstow,
        formerly called Merthyr Tewdrig, where the church still bears his name.
        He is the reputed founder of the churches at Bedwas Llandow and Merthyr
        Tydfil. In the early 17th century, Bishop Francis Godwin of Llandaff
        found the saints bones, including a badly fractured skull in the church
        at Mathern (Farmer).


        St. Caidoc and St. Fricor (Adrian)
        --------------------------------------------------
        7th century; they had four feast days at Centula: January 24, March 31,
        April 1, and May 30. The Irishmen Caidoc and Fricor evangelized the
        country of the Morini in Picardy, northern France, beginning about 622.
        Among the souls they won for Christ was the nobleman Riquier (Saint
        Ricarius; f.d. April 26), who intervened when some locals took offence
        to their preaching and took them into his home. Riquier became a
        fervent Christian, who engaged in penitential austerities and eventually
        was ordained. In 625, Riquier founded Centula based on the Rule of
        Columbanus, another Irishman. Their relics are still venerated at the
        parish church of Saint-Riquier in the diocese of Amiens, although they
        rested in Centula until the 17th century. Saints Caidoc and Fricor
        joined Riquier's community and remained there until they were buried in
        Saint Riquier's church (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, McCarthy,
        Montague, O'Hanlon).


        St. Valery of Leucone, Abbot
        (Valerian, Walaricus, Walericus)
        --------------------------------------------------
        Born in Auvergne, France; died in Leucone, Picardy, France, on December
        12, c. 622; feast of his translation is December 12.

        Valery discovered Benedictine life at Issoire, developed it at Auxerre,
        fructified it at Luxeuil under Saint Columbanus (f.d.
        November 23), and multiplied it with missionary work at Leuconnais
        (Leuconay), in the Somme region of northern France.

        Born into a peasant family in the Auvergne, Valery tended his father's
        sheep in his childhood, which gave him plenty of time to
        develop his prayer life. Out of an ardent desire to grow in spiritual
        knowledge, he learned to read at an early age and
        memorised the Psalter. Dissatisfied with his life as a shepherd, he
        took the monastic habit in the neighbouring monastery of St. Antony's at
        Autumo.

        His fervour from the first day of monastic life led him to live the rule
        perfectly. Sincere humility permitted him to meekly and
        cheerfully subjected himself to everyone. Seeking a stricter rule, he
        migrated to the more austere monastery of St. Germanus, where he was
        received by Bishop Saint Anacharius of Auxerre (f.d. September 25). He
        was drawn to Luxeuil by the reputation of the penitential lives of its
        monks and the spiritual wisdom of Saint Columbanus. There he spent many
        years, always esteeming himself an unprofitable servant and a slothful
        monk, who stood in need of the severest and harshest rules and
        superiors. Next to sin, he dreaded nothing so much as the applause of
        men or a reputation of sanctity. At Luxeuil he also distinguished
        himself as a horticulturalist--the preservation of his fruit and
        vegetables against the ravages of insects that destroyed most other
        crops was considered miraculous.

        When Saint Columbanus was banished from Luxeuil by King Theodoric, the
        monastery was placed in Valery's hands until he was sent by Saint
        Eustasius (f.d. March 29) with his fellow-monk Waldolanus to preach the
        Gospel in Neustria. There King Clotaire II gave them the territory of
        Leucone in Picardy, near the mouth of the river Somme. In 611, with the
        permission of Bishop Bertard of Amiens, they built a chapel and two
        cells. Saint Valery by his preaching and the example of his virtue,
        converted many and attracted fervent disciples with whom he laid the
        foundation of a monastery.

        His fasts he sometimes prolonged for six days, eating only on the
        Sunday; and he used no other bed than twigs laid on the floor. His time
        was entirely occupied with preaching, prayer, reading, and manual
        labour. By this he earned something for the relief of the poor, and he
        often repeated to others, "The more cheerfully we give to those who are
        in distress, the more readily will God give us what we ask of him."

        When Valery died, cures took place at his tomb and his veneration grew,
        which eventually spread to England during the Norman Conquest. William
        the Conqueror exposed Valery's relics for public veneration. He was
        invoked for a favourable wind for the expedition in 1066, which sailed
        from Saint-Valery

        Valery is honoured at Chester Abbey in England and in France, where a
        famous monastery arose from his cells. His "vita" was carefully written
        in 660, by Raimbert, second abbot of Leucone after him. King Richard
        the Lion Hearted had his relics restored to Saint-Valery-en-Caux;
        however, his original abbey later recovered them. Two towns in the
        Somme district are called Saint-Valery after him, and there are several
        dedications to him in England as well (Attwater2, Benedictines,
        Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
        P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
        Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
        useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
        provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
        lives of the saints.]

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the Foundations of Europe.
        New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        McCarthy, E. L. (1927). Saint Columban. Society of
        Saint Columban.

        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

        O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cellach of Armagh * St. Tewdric * St. Caidoc and St. Fricor *
        Message 3 of 14 , Mar 31 8:42 PM
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 1 April

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Cellach of Armagh
          * St. Tewdric
          * St. Caidoc and St. Fricor
          * St. Valery of Leucone
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Cellach (Ceilach, Keilach, Kelly) of Armagh Bishop
          --------------------------------------------------
          9th century. It seems that Saint Cellach may have been the abbot of
          Iona. He also seems to have founded of the abbey of Kells before his
          consecration as archbishop of Armagh, Ireland (Benedictines).


          St. Tewdric (Theodoric), Hermit
          --------------------------------------------------
          5th to 6th century; feast day is sometimes listed as January 3. Saint
          Tewdric, prince of Glamorgan, is discussed in the "Book of Llan Dav,"
          written much later. According to this source, in his later years he
          resigned his position in favour of his son Meurig in order to become a
          hermit at Tintern. During an invasion of the Saxons, he placed himself
          at the head of his people. In the ensuing battle, he was mortally
          wounded by a lance. Tewdric was buried at Mathern, near Chepstow,
          formerly called Merthyr Tewdrig, where the church still bears his name.
          He is the reputed founder of the churches at Bedwas Llandow and Merthyr
          Tydfil. In the early 17th century, Bishop Francis Godwin of Llandaff
          found the saints bones, including a badly fractured skull in the church
          at Mathern (Farmer).


          St. Caidoc and St. Fricor (Adrian)
          --------------------------------------------------
          7th century; they had four feast days at Centula: January 24, March 31,
          April 1, and May 30. The Irishmen Caidoc and Fricor evangelized the
          country of the Morini in Picardy, northern France, beginning about 622.
          Among the souls they won for Christ was the nobleman Riquier (Saint
          Ricarius; f.d. April 26), who intervened when some locals took offence
          to their preaching and took them into his home. Riquier became a
          fervent Christian, who engaged in penitential austerities and eventually
          was ordained. In 625, Riquier founded Centula based on the Rule of
          Columbanus, another Irishman. Their relics are still venerated at the
          parish church of Saint-Riquier in the diocese of Amiens, although they
          rested in Centula until the 17th century. Saints Caidoc and Fricor
          joined Riquier's community and remained there until they were buried in
          Saint Riquier's church (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, McCarthy,
          Montague, O'Hanlon).


          St. Valery of Leucone, Abbot
          (Valerian, Walaricus, Walericus)
          --------------------------------------------------
          Born in Auvergne, France; died in Leucone, Picardy, France, on December
          12, c. 622; feast of his translation is December 12.

          Valery discovered Benedictine life at Issoire, developed it at Auxerre,
          fructified it at Luxeuil under Saint Columbanus (f.d.
          November 23), and multiplied it with missionary work at Leuconnais
          (Leuconay), in the Somme region of northern France.

          Born into a peasant family in the Auvergne, Valery tended his father's
          sheep in his childhood, which gave him plenty of time to
          develop his prayer life. Out of an ardent desire to grow in spiritual
          knowledge, he learned to read at an early age and
          memorised the Psalter. Dissatisfied with his life as a shepherd, he
          took the monastic habit in the neighbouring monastery of St. Antony's at
          Autumo.

          His fervour from the first day of monastic life led him to live the rule
          perfectly. Sincere humility permitted him to meekly and
          cheerfully subjected himself to everyone. Seeking a stricter rule, he
          migrated to the more austere monastery of St. Germanus, where he was
          received by Bishop Saint Anacharius of Auxerre (f.d. September 25). He
          was drawn to Luxeuil by the reputation of the penitential lives of its
          monks and the spiritual wisdom of Saint Columbanus. There he spent many
          years, always esteeming himself an unprofitable servant and a slothful
          monk, who stood in need of the severest and harshest rules and
          superiors. Next to sin, he dreaded nothing so much as the applause of
          men or a reputation of sanctity. At Luxeuil he also distinguished
          himself as a horticulturalist--the preservation of his fruit and
          vegetables against the ravages of insects that destroyed most other
          crops was considered miraculous.

          When Saint Columbanus was banished from Luxeuil by King Theodoric, the
          monastery was placed in Valery's hands until he was sent by Saint
          Eustasius (f.d. March 29) with his fellow-monk Waldolanus to preach the
          Gospel in Neustria. There King Clotaire II gave them the territory of
          Leucone in Picardy, near the mouth of the river Somme. In 611, with the
          permission of Bishop Bertard of Amiens, they built a chapel and two
          cells. Saint Valery by his preaching and the example of his virtue,
          converted many and attracted fervent disciples with whom he laid the
          foundation of a monastery.

          His fasts he sometimes prolonged for six days, eating only on the
          Sunday; and he used no other bed than twigs laid on the floor. His time
          was entirely occupied with preaching, prayer, reading, and manual
          labour. By this he earned something for the relief of the poor, and he
          often repeated to others, "The more cheerfully we give to those who are
          in distress, the more readily will God give us what we ask of him."

          When Valery died, cures took place at his tomb and his veneration grew,
          which eventually spread to England during the Norman Conquest. William
          the Conqueror exposed Valery's relics for public veneration. He was
          invoked for a favourable wind for the expedition in 1066, which sailed
          from Saint-Valery

          Valery is honoured at Chester Abbey in England and in France, where a
          famous monastery arose from his cells. His "vita" was carefully written
          in 660, by Raimbert, second abbot of Leucone after him. King Richard
          the Lion Hearted had his relics restored to Saint-Valery-en-Caux;
          however, his original abbey later recovered them. Two towns in the
          Somme district are called Saint-Valery after him, and there are several
          dedications to him in England as well (Attwater2, Benedictines,
          Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


          Sources:
          ========

          Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
          P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

          D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
          Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
          useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
          provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
          lives of the saints.]

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the Foundations of Europe.
          New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
          London: Virtue & Co.

          McCarthy, E. L. (1927). Saint Columban. Society of
          Saint Columban.

          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

          O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

          For All the Saints: - new active link
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
          http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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