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1 March

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
    Message 1 of 13 , Feb 28, 2011
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. David of Wales
      * St. Marnock of Annandale
      * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
      * St. Aubin of Angers
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
      --------------------------------------------------
      5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
      that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
      Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
      based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
      Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
      the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
      little reliance can be placed on the document.

      David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
      golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
      them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
      monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

      Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
      turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
      the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
      Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
      Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
      founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

      According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
      Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
      island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
      founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
      which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
      extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
      monks.

      Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
      Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
      unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
      plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
      said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
      discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
      the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
      retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

      We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
      attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
      saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
      he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
      therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
      archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

      At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
      attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
      concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
      insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
      excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
      Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
      David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
      his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
      moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
      settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
      blessing.

      It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
      Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
      Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
      for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
      own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
      this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

      Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
      the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
      ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
      Church.

      Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
      all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
      eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

      "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
      centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
      "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
      things."

      On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
      Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
      to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
      on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
      hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

      St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
      a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
      and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
      Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
      were translated to their present position to the north side of the
      presbytery in 1275.

      His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
      the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
      Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

      In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
      dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
      holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
      venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
      explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
      in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

      But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
      because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
      corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
      dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
      distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
      and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
      the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

      St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
      called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
      western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
      of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
      oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
      and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
      walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
      chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
      is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


      Troparion (Tone 1)
      Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
      the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
      God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
      Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
      souls may be saved.

      Kontakion (Tone 6)

      The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
      waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
      David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
      all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
      eternal memory.

      Icons of Saint David of Wales:

      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
      http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


      St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
      http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


      The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
      http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

      The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
      pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
      http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



      St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
      (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
      afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
      venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
      name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


      St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
      Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
      a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


      St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
      whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
      English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
      enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
      his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
      silence and solitude.

      At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
      stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
      who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
      Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
      might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

      In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
      bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
      but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
      against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
      pick someone to protect their interests.

      Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
      certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
      into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
      Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
      hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
      Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
      of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

      If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
      it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
      spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
      cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
      bishop.

      Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
      jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
      criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
      prison system, at least the one in his see.

      He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
      convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
      prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
      of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
      led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
      promises of amendment through the night.

      No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
      converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
      was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

      Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
      civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
      took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
      popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
      named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
      baptized together as a result of his preaching.

      Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
      abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
      de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

      In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
      Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
      death (Roeder).


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
      Message 2 of 13 , Mar 1, 2012
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. David of Wales
        * St. Marnock of Annandale
        * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
        * St. Aubin of Angers
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
        --------------------------------------------------
        5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
        that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
        Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
        based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
        Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
        the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
        little reliance can be placed on the document.

        David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
        golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
        them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
        monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

        Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
        turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
        the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
        Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
        Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
        founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

        According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
        Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
        island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
        founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
        which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
        extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
        monks.

        Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
        Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
        unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
        plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
        said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
        discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
        the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
        retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

        We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
        attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
        saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
        he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
        therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
        archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

        At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
        attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
        concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
        insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
        excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
        Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
        David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
        his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
        moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
        settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
        blessing.

        It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
        Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
        Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
        for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
        own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
        this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

        Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
        the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
        ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
        Church.

        Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
        all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
        eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

        "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
        centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
        "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
        things."

        On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
        Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
        to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
        on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
        hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

        St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
        a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
        and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
        Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
        were translated to their present position to the north side of the
        presbytery in 1275.

        His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
        the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
        Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

        In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
        dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
        holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
        venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
        explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
        in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

        But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
        because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
        corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
        dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
        distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
        and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
        the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

        St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
        called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
        western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
        of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
        oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
        and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
        walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
        chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
        is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


        Troparion (Tone 1)
        Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
        the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
        God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
        Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
        souls may be saved.

        Kontakion (Tone 6)

        The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
        waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
        David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
        all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
        eternal memory.

        Icons of Saint David of Wales:

        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
        http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


        St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
        http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


        The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
        http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

        The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
        pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
        http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



        St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
        (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
        afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
        venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
        name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


        St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
        Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
        a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


        St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
        whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
        English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
        enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
        his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
        silence and solitude.

        At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
        stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
        who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
        Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
        might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

        In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
        bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
        but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
        against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
        pick someone to protect their interests.

        Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
        certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
        into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
        Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
        hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
        Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
        of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

        If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
        it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
        spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
        cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
        bishop.

        Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
        jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
        criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
        prison system, at least the one in his see.

        He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
        convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
        prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
        of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
        led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
        promises of amendment through the night.

        No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
        converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
        was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

        Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
        civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
        took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
        popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
        named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
        baptized together as a result of his preaching.

        Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
        abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
        de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

        In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
        Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
        death (Roeder).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Apologies that no Lives have gone out since 17th February. The first interruption in 12 years. Have had software problems. Celtic and Old English Saints
        Message 3 of 13 , Feb 28, 2013
        • 0 Attachment
          Apologies that no Lives have gone out since 17th February.
          The first interruption in 12 years.
          Have had software problems.

          Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. David of Wales
          * St. Marnock of Annandale
          * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
          * St. Aubin of Angers
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
          --------------------------------------------------
          5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
          that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
          Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
          based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
          Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
          the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
          little reliance can be placed on the document.

          David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
          golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
          them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
          monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

          Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
          turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
          the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
          Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
          Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
          founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

          According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
          Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
          island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
          founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
          which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
          extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
          monks.

          Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
          Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
          unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
          plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
          said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
          discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
          the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
          retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

          We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
          attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
          saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
          he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
          therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
          archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

          At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
          attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
          concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
          insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
          excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
          Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
          David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
          his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
          moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
          settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
          blessing.

          It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
          Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
          Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
          for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
          own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
          this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

          Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
          the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
          ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
          Church.

          Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
          all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
          eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

          "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
          centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
          "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
          things."

          On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
          Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
          to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
          on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
          hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

          St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
          a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
          and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
          Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
          were translated to their present position to the north side of the
          presbytery in 1275.

          His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
          the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
          Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

          In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
          dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
          holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
          venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
          explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
          in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

          But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
          because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
          corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
          dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
          distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
          and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
          the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

          St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
          called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
          western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
          of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
          oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
          and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
          walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
          chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
          is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


          Troparion (Tone 1)
          Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
          the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
          God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
          Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
          souls may be saved.

          Kontakion (Tone 6)

          The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
          waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
          David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
          all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
          eternal memory.

          Icons of Saint David of Wales:

          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
          http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


          St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
          http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


          The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
          http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

          The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
          pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
          http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



          St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
          (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
          afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
          venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
          name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


          St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
          Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
          a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


          St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
          whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
          English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
          enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
          his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
          silence and solitude.

          At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
          stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
          who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
          Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
          might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

          In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
          bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
          but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
          against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
          pick someone to protect their interests.

          Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
          certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
          into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
          Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
          hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
          Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
          of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

          If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
          it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
          spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
          cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
          bishop.

          Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
          jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
          criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
          prison system, at least the one in his see.

          He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
          convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
          prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
          of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
          led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
          promises of amendment through the night.

          No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
          converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
          was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

          Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
          civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
          took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
          popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
          named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
          baptized together as a result of his preaching.

          Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
          abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
          de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

          In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
          Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
          death (Roeder).


          Sources:
          ========

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Doubleday Image.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

          For All the Saints: - new active link
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
          http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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