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3 January

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
    Message 1 of 13 , Jan 2, 2011
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      Celtic and Old English Saints          3 January

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Finlugh of Derry
      * St. Fintan of Doon
      * St. Wenog
      * St. Genevieve of Paris
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
      --------------------------------------
      6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
      where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
      Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
      Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


      St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
      -------------------------------------
      6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
      Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
      in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

      Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
      Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
      Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
      Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
      that our souls may also be saved.


      St. Wenog
      ---------------
      Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
      aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


      St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
      ------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
      Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
      time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
      and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
      attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
      thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
      Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
      sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
      Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
      Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
      God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
      moment.

      Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
      keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
      belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
      noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
      by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
      the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
      his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
      the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

      When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
      where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
      other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
      In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
      frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
      bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
      bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

      She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
      from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
      But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
      her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
      corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

      The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
      wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
      concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
      sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
      standing near.

      Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
      marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
      citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
      gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
      women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
      God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
      to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
      citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
      from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
      Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
      Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
      had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
      everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
      must trust in Him."

      At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
      were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
      saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
      destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
      Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
      Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
      persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
      of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

      Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
      again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
      of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
      the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
      night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
      saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
      been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

      In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
      the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
      representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
      Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
      point of starvation.

      One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
      of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
      head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
      and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
      enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
      to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
      Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
      precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
      barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

      When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
      admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
      her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
      they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

      When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
      control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
      elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
      husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
      but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
      but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

      Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
      harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
      under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
      servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
      at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
      once more it was threatened by an invading army.

      Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
      church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
      monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
      the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
      reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
      the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

      By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
      saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
      church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
      her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
      rebuilt in 1746.

      In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
      for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
      shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
      French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
      Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
      were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
      Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

      Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
      to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
      much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
      without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
      good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
      Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
      (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
      Walsh, White).

      In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
      the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
      or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
      Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
      her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
      candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
      Roeder, White).

      She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
      and excessive rain, and fever (White).

      Tropaire ton 1.

      Tes larmes abondantes
      ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
      tes prieres et tes soupirs
      ont produit du fruit au centuple.
      Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
      et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

      Kondakion ton 2.

      Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
      tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
      ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
      car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
      Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

      From
      http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
      also several icons on this site

      Icons:
      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
      and

      http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
      -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤

    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
      Message 2 of 13 , Jan 2, 2012
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Finlugh of Derry
        * St. Fintan of Doon
        * St. Wenog
        * St. Genevieve of Paris
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
        --------------------------------------
        6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
        where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
        Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
        Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


        St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
        -------------------------------------
        6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
        Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
        in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

        Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
        Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
        Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
        Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
        that our souls may also be saved.


        St. Wenog
        ---------------
        Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
        aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


        St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
        ------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
        Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
        time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
        and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
        attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
        thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
        Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
        sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
        Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
        Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
        God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
        moment.

        Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
        keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
        belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
        noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
        by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
        the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
        his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
        the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

        When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
        where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
        other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
        In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
        frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
        bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
        bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

        She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
        from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
        But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
        her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
        corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

        The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
        wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
        concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
        sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
        standing near.

        Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
        marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
        citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
        gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
        women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
        God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
        to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
        citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
        from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
        Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
        Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
        had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
        everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
        must trust in Him."

        At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
        were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
        saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
        destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
        Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
        Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
        persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
        of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

        Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
        again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
        of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
        the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
        night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
        saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
        been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

        In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
        the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
        representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
        Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
        point of starvation.

        One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
        of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
        head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
        and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
        enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
        to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
        Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
        precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
        barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

        When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
        admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
        her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
        they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

        When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
        control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
        elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
        husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
        but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
        but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

        Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
        harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
        under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
        servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
        at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
        once more it was threatened by an invading army.

        Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
        church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
        monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
        the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
        reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
        the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

        By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
        saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
        church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
        her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
        rebuilt in 1746.

        In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
        for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
        shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
        French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
        Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
        were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
        Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

        Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
        to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
        much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
        without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
        good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
        Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
        (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
        Walsh, White).

        In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
        the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
        or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
        Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
        her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
        candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
        Roeder, White).

        She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
        and excessive rain, and fever (White).

        Tropaire ton 1.

        Tes larmes abondantes
        ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
        tes prieres et tes soupirs
        ont produit du fruit au centuple.
        Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
        et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

        Kondakion ton 2.

        Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
        tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
        ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
        car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
        Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

        From
        http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
        also several icons on this site

        Icons:
        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
        and

        http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
        -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
        Message 3 of 13 , Jan 3, 2013
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Finlugh of Derry
          * St. Fintan of Doon
          * St. Wenog
          * St. Genevieve of Paris
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
          --------------------------------------
          6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
          where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
          Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
          Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


          St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
          -------------------------------------
          6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
          Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
          in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

          Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
          Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
          Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
          Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
          that our souls may also be saved.


          St. Wenog
          ---------------
          Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
          aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


          St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
          ------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
          Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
          time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
          and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
          attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
          thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
          Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
          sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
          Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
          Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
          God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
          moment.

          Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
          keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
          belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
          noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
          by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
          the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
          his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
          the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

          When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
          where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
          other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
          In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
          frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
          bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
          bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

          She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
          from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
          But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
          her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
          corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

          The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
          wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
          concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
          sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
          standing near.

          Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
          marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
          citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
          gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
          women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
          God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
          to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
          citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
          from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
          Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
          Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
          had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
          everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
          must trust in Him."

          At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
          were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
          saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
          destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
          Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
          Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
          persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
          of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

          Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
          again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
          of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
          the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
          night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
          saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
          been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

          In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
          the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
          representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
          Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
          point of starvation.

          One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
          of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
          head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
          and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
          enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
          to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
          Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
          precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
          barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

          When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
          admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
          her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
          they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

          When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
          control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
          elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
          husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
          but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
          but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

          Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
          harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
          under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
          servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
          at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
          once more it was threatened by an invading army.

          Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
          church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
          monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
          the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
          reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
          the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

          By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
          saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
          church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
          her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
          rebuilt in 1746.

          In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
          for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
          shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
          French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
          Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
          were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
          Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

          Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
          to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
          much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
          without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
          good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
          Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
          (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
          Walsh, White).

          In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
          the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
          or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
          Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
          her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
          candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
          Roeder, White).

          She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
          and excessive rain, and fever (White).

          Tropaire ton 1.

          Tes larmes abondantes
          ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
          tes prieres et tes soupirs
          ont produit du fruit au centuple.
          Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
          et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

          Kondakion ton 2.

          Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
          tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
          ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
          car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
          Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

          From
          http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
          also several icons on this site

          Icons:
          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
          and

          http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
          -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



          Lives kindly supplied by:
          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
          Message 4 of 13 , Jan 3, 2014
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Finlugh of Derry
            * St. Fintan of Doon
            * St. Wenog
            * St. Genevieve of Paris
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
            --------------------------------------
            6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
            where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
            Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
            Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


            St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
            -------------------------------------
            6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
            Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
            in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

            Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
            Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
            Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
            Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
            that our souls may also be saved.


            St. Wenog
            ---------------
            Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
            aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


            St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
            ------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
            Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
            time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
            and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
            attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
            thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
            Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
            sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
            Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
            Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
            God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
            moment.

            Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
            keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
            belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
            noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
            by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
            the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
            his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
            the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

            When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
            where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
            other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
            In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
            frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
            bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
            bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

            She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
            from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
            But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
            her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
            corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

            The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
            wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
            concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
            sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
            standing near.

            Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
            marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
            citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
            gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
            women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
            God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
            to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
            citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
            from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
            Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
            Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
            had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
            everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
            must trust in Him."

            At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
            were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
            saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
            destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
            Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
            Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
            persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
            of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

            Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
            again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
            of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
            the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
            night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
            saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
            been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

            In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
            the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
            representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
            Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
            point of starvation.

            One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
            of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
            head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
            and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
            enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
            to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
            Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
            precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
            barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

            When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
            admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
            her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
            they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

            When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
            control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
            elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
            husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
            but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
            but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

            Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
            harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
            under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
            servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
            at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
            once more it was threatened by an invading army.

            Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
            church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
            monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
            the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
            reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
            the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

            By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
            saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
            church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
            her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
            rebuilt in 1746.

            In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
            for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
            shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
            French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
            Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
            were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
            Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

            Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
            to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
            much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
            without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
            good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
            Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
            (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
            Walsh, White).

            In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
            the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
            or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
            Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
            her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
            candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
            Roeder, White).

            She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
            and excessive rain, and fever (White).

            Tropaire ton 1.

            Tes larmes abondantes
            ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
            tes prieres et tes soupirs
            ont produit du fruit au centuple.
            Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
            et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

            Kondakion ton 2.

            Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
            tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
            ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
            car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
            Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

            From
            http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
            also several icons on this site

            Icons:
            http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
            and

            http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
            -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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