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3 December

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
    Message 1 of 14 , Dec 1, 2010
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Lucius of Britain
      * St. Ethernan of Scotland
      * St. Birinus of Wessex
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
      Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
      wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
      says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
      west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
      Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
      the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

      Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
      that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
      missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
      lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
      writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
      hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
      some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

      Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
      with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
      ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
      a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

      -oOo-

      SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

      St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
      say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
      (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
      hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
      the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
      15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
      Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
      scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
      converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
      built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

      Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
      Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
      for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
      resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
      described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
      Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
      senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
      chains".

      The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
      nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
      daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
      Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
      to her in his eleventh epigram:

      Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
      Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

      Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
      Praxedes and Pudentiana.

      The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
      mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
      in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
      days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
      the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
      and Rome were in Wales."

      St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
      of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
      Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
      died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
      deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
      two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
      disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
      church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
      credited
      with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
      first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
      dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
      and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
      the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
      to Rome.

      According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
      world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
      his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
      C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
      with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
      tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
      about 550 to 600.

      St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

      (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
      Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
      translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
      Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
      Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
      Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




      St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
      Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
      Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


      St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
      ---------------------------------------------
      Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

      Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
      Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
      pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
      up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
      Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
      Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
      decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
      Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
      Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
      saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
      be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
      unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
      Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
      but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

      The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
      with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
      could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
      palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
      travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
      King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
      St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
      the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
      and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
      it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
      alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
      southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
      (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

      The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
      Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
      travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
      courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
      Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
      arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
      King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
      to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
      five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
      important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
      claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
      Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
      (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
      Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
      Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
      His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
      controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
      claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
      still has his relics.

      Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
      account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
      Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
      miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
      among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
      is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
      the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
      whose stock was Cynegils.



      ********************************
      Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
      or the prayer corner at home.
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
      *********************************


      Icons of Western Saints
      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Western.html


      Calendar of Celtic and Old English Saints
      http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calendarofsaints
      Tiny Url:
      http://tinyurl.com/5kt36e


      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
      Message 2 of 14 , Dec 1, 2011
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Lucius of Britain
        * St. Ethernan of Scotland
        * St. Birinus of Wessex
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
        Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
        wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
        says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
        west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
        Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
        the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

        Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
        that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
        missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
        lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
        writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
        hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
        some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

        Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
        with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
        ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
        a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

        -oOo-

        SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

        St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
        say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
        (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
        hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
        the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
        15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
        Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
        scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
        converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
        built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

        Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
        Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
        for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
        resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
        described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
        Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
        senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
        chains".

        The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
        nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
        daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
        Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
        to her in his eleventh epigram:

        Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
        Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

        Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
        Praxedes and Pudentiana.

        The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
        mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
        in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
        days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
        the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
        and Rome were in Wales."

        St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
        of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
        Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
        died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
        deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
        two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
        disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
        church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
        credited
        with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
        first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
        dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
        and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
        the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
        to Rome.

        According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
        world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
        his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
        C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
        with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
        tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
        about 550 to 600.

        St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

        (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
        Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
        translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
        Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
        Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
        Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




        St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
        Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
        Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


        St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
        ---------------------------------------------
        Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

        Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
        Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
        pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
        up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
        Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
        Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
        decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
        Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
        Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
        saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
        be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
        unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
        Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
        but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

        The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
        with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
        could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
        palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
        travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
        King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
        St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
        the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
        and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
        it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
        alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
        southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
        (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

        The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
        Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
        travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
        courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
        Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
        arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
        King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
        to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
        five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
        important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
        claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
        Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
        (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
        Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
        Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
        His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
        controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
        claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
        still has his relics.

        Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
        account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
        Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
        miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
        among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
        is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
        the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
        whose stock was Cynegils.



        ********************************
        Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
        or the prayer corner at home.
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
        *********************************


        Icons of Western Saints
        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Western.html


        Calendar of Celtic and Old English Saints
        http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calenda\
        rofsaints
        Tiny Url:
        http://tinyurl.com/5kt36e


        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
        Message 3 of 14 , Dec 2, 2012
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Lucius of Britain
          * St. Ethernan of Scotland
          * St. Birinus of Wessex
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
          --------------------------------------------------------------
          2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
          Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
          wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
          says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
          west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
          Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
          the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

          Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
          that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
          missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
          lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
          writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
          hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
          some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

          Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
          with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
          ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
          a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

          -oOo-

          SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

          St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
          say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
          (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
          hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
          the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
          15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
          Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
          scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
          converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
          built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

          Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
          Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
          for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
          resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
          described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
          Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
          senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
          chains".

          The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
          nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
          daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
          Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
          to her in his eleventh epigram:

          Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
          Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

          Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
          Praxedes and Pudentiana.

          The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
          mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
          in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
          days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
          the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
          and Rome were in Wales."

          St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
          of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
          Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
          died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
          deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
          two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
          disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
          church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
          credited
          with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
          first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
          dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
          and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
          the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
          to Rome.

          According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
          world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
          his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
          C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
          with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
          tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
          about 550 to 600.

          St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

          (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
          Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
          translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
          Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
          Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
          Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




          St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
          --------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
          Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
          Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


          St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
          ---------------------------------------------
          Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

          Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
          Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
          pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
          up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
          Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
          Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
          decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
          Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
          Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
          saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
          be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
          unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
          Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
          but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

          The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
          with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
          could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
          palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
          travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
          King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
          St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
          the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
          and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
          it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
          alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
          southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
          (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

          The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
          Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
          travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
          courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
          Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
          arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
          King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
          to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
          five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
          important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
          claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
          Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
          (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
          Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
          Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
          His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
          controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
          claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
          still has his relics.

          Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
          account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
          Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
          miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
          among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
          is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
          the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
          whose stock was Cynegils.



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        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
          Message 4 of 14 , Dec 6, 2013
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            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Lucius of Britain
            * St. Ethernan of Scotland
            * St. Birinus of Wessex
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
            --------------------------------------------------------------
            2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
            Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
            wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
            says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
            west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
            Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
            the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

            Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
            that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
            missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
            lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
            writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
            hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
            some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

            Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
            with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
            ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
            a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

            -oOo-

            SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

            St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
            say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
            (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
            hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
            the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
            15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
            Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
            scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
            converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
            built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

            Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
            Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
            for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
            resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
            described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
            Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
            senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
            chains".

            The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
            nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
            daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
            Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
            to her in his eleventh epigram:

            Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
            Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

            Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
            Praxedes and Pudentiana.

            The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
            mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
            in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
            days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
            the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
            and Rome were in Wales."

            St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
            of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
            Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
            died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
            deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
            two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
            disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
            church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
            credited
            with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
            first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
            dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
            and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
            the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
            to Rome.

            According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
            world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
            his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
            C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
            with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
            tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
            about 550 to 600.

            St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

            (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
            Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
            translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
            Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
            Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
            Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




            St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
            --------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
            Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
            Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


            St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
            ---------------------------------------------
            Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

            Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
            Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
            pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
            up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
            Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
            Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
            decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
            Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
            Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
            saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
            be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
            unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
            Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
            but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

            The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
            with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
            could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
            palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
            travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
            King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
            St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
            the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
            and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
            it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
            alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
            southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
            (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

            The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
            Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
            travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
            courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
            Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
            arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
            King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
            to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
            five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
            important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
            claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
            Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
            (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
            Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
            Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
            His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
            controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
            claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
            still has his relics.

            Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
            account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
            Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
            miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
            among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
            is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
            the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
            whose stock was Cynegils.



            ********************************
            Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
            or the prayer corner at home.
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
            *********************************


            Icons of Western Saints
            http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Western.html


            Calendar of Celtic and Old English Saints
            http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calenda\
            rofsaints
            Tiny Url:
            http://tinyurl.com/5kt36e

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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