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24 July

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 24 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Declan of Ardmore * St. Germoc of Cornwall * St. Lewina of Berg
    Message 1 of 14 , Jul 23, 2010
    Celtic and Old English Saints          24 July

    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
    * St. Declan of Ardmore
    * St. Germoc of Cornwall
    * St. Lewina of Berg
    * St. Menefrida of Cornwall
    * Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus
    * St. Christiana of Termonde
    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


    St. Declan of Ardmore, Bishop & Abbot
    ------------------------------------------
    Born at Desi (Decies), Waterford, Ireland, 5th century.

    Declan, an Irish monk, was baptized by and a disciple of Saint Colman.
    He appears to have been an Irish evangelist before the arrival of Saint
    Patrick. He may have made two pilgrimages to Rome and later became the
    first bishop of Ardmore, a see confirmed by Patrick during the synod of
    Cashel in 448. Many miracles are attributed to Declan, who is much
    honoured in Dessee (formerly Nandesi) (Benedictines, Delaney,
    Encyclopaedia, Husenbeth).

    St. Declan, son of Erc, chief of the Desii, was born at the beginning of
    the fifth century near Lismore, Co. Waterford. As a young boy he was
    sent to fosterage with a certain Dimma, who is said to have been a
    foreigner and a Christian. While under Dimma's guardianship, Declan was
    converted and baptised by one of the several Irish saints named Colman.

    After leaving Dimma, Declan went to Rome, where he studied for the
    priesthood and was later consecrated bishop. On his return to Ireland,
    he established a monastic community at Ardmore and was later confirmed
    in this office by St. Patrick himself. Declan was well known as an
    active missionary in Ireland prior top the coming of St. Patrick, the
    great organiser of Irish Christianity.

    Many miracles are attributed to the intervention of St. Declan. He is
    credited, in particular, with having arrested a serious plague by his
    prayers and fasting. He is reputed to have been a very close friend of
    St. David (patron saint of Wales) and, perhaps more importantly, to have
    been on very good terms with Aengus, king of Munster. His influence,
    therefore, would have been considerable.

    According to tradition, Declan made a miraculous return from Rome by
    crossing the sea on a large flagstone. Popular belief has it that this
    flagstone ran aground at Ardmore, where he decided to establish his
    monastery. To this day the flagstone is pointed out by the locals on the
    popular beach at Ardmore.

    St. Declan's day is still actively celebrated by the Ardmore
    parishioners on 24 July. Until recent times it was the custom, on this
    day, for those suffering from back ailments to crawl under the flagstone
    as a method of obtaining relief. One nineteenth century commentator,
    however, voiced a certain amount of disapproval of the practice on the
    grounds that participating ladies would, of necessity, reveal their
    ankles in the process. Such a display could, conceivably, lead the
    onlooking menfolk into temptation!
    The described treatment for backache, however, was said to have been
    ineffective if the patient had anything borrowed or stolen on his/her
    person at the time.

    The waters of St. Declan's well (which was restored in 1951) are said to
    posses miraculous powers of healing. Those who suffer from sprains,
    injuries or rheumatism, it is said, will obtain relief by bathing the
    injured limb in its cool waters.

    Each year, the week including his feast day is known as "Pattern Week".
    Pilgrims still come to pray at the site of Declan's church on the
    headland of Ardmore, adjacent to the round tower which is in an
    excellent state of preservation .

    St. Declan died in the latter half of the fifth century. He was laid to
    rest in his beloved Ardmore, and his burial place is marked by the ruins
    of an oratory built over his grave.


    The Irish Life of Saint Declan of Ardmore
    http://www.ccel.org/d/declan/life/declan.html

    The Round Tower of St. Declan's Cathedral (12th. century)
    http://www.vitruvio.ch/arc/ingrandimenti/g_stdeclans.htm

    A Map of Irish Monasteries
    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/files/Monasteries650AD.gif
    img140/9128/irishmonasteriesew0.png


    Troparion of St Declan tone 4
    Thou wast a bright light in Ireland before the days of Saint Patrick,/ O
    holy Father Declan./ Thou didst travel in Europe and return to found a
    monastery/ where thou wast ever kind to the poor./ We praise thee, O
    glorious Hierarch.


    St. Germoc of Cornwall
    (Germoe)
    --------------------------------

    6th century.
    Bishop Gwinear, an Irish prelate made an expedition to Cornwall he had
    news of heathenism among the people. This expedition ended in disaster
    for St Gwinear and his followers were massacred possibly on the spot
    where Gwinear parish church now stands. By the heathen chieftain Teudar.
    The chief stronghold of Teudar was at Riviere, and now lies buried under
    the sands at Hayle Towens. The disciples of St Patrick do not seem to
    have been greatly discouraged by the massacre of Gwinear and his
    companions. A fresh band of missionaries was formed to go to Cornwall.
    St Germoe was chosen among many others (inc St Breaca ) to take part in
    this expedition. A landing was effected at St Ives but no sooner had
    this intrepid band reached land than it was violently assailed by the
    heathen Teudar, and many missionaries were slain at Conetconia, now
    buried under the Hayle Towens. St Germoe escaped, and eventually found
    safety in the distraction the south side of Tregonning, possibly amongst
    a Cornish clan which had successfully resisted Teudar's power. There in
    the course of time he founded and consecrated after the Brito-Celtic
    manner, during a period of Forty days fasting and prayer, the site upon
    which the ancient Church of St Germoe stands.

    http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/CH_Germoe.htm

    St Germoe is a near relative, possibly brother, of St Breaca.

    We have found this information in the Celtic Year By Shirley Toulson but
    at present are unable to know the wall painting to which she is
    referring to. Quote "In a wall painting in the church in Breage he is
    shown wearing a Crown and Sceptre no doubt because he appears as a
    monarch in the legends connected with Breaca".


    St. Lewina of Berg, Virgin & Martyr
    ------------------------------------------------
    5th century. The first extant record of Saint Lewina dates from 1058,
    when her relics were translated from Seaford (near Lewes) or Alfriston
    in Sussex, England, with those of Saint Idaberga (not sure which one)
    and portions of Saint Oswald, to Saint Winnoc's Abbey Church in Bergues,
    Flanders, where she had been venerated and her relics honoured by
    numerous miracles, especially at the time of the translation. A history
    of these miracles was written by Drogo, an eyewitness to several of
    them. Lewina is reputed to have been a British maiden martyred by the
    invading Saxons (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


    St. Menefrida of Cornwall, Virgin
    ---------------------------------------------
    5th century. Another saintly progeny of the prolific Saint Brychan of
    Brecknock, Menefrida is the patron of Menver in Cornwall (Benedictines).


    Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus, Martyrs
    ------------------------------------------------
    Died 675. Although the legend that grew up around the names of these
    martyrs contradicts the known facts of history, they may well have been
    genuine martyrs. It is said that these two Mercian brothers, sons of
    King Wulfere who had succeeded Peada, were converted and baptized by
    Bishop Saint Chad of Litchfield about 670. While at prayer, they were
    martyred by their then-pagan father, who later underwent remarkable
    penance for his crime. Their mother, Queen Emmelinda, had their bodies
    buried at Stone, Staffordshire, and covered their tombs with stones in
    the Saxon manner. These stones were later used to build a church over
    the spot.

    Wulhere's father Penda had persecuted Christians, but his elder brother
    Peada had allowed Christianity to be established in his realm. There is
    much speculation as to the date of Wulfere's conversion and whether he
    actually committed the crime or took responsibility for the acts of some
    of his courtiers.

    The procurator of the Peterborough Abbey built at Stone travelled to
    Rome and prevailed upon the pope to enrol the martyrs among the saints.
    He left the head of Saint Wulfhade, which he had taken with him, in the
    church of Saint Laurence at Viterbo (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
    Farmer, Husenbeth).

    In art, these two are a pair of princely huntsmen who pursue a stage,
    which takes refuge with Saint Chad, sitting by a pool (Roeder). They are
    venerated at Lichfield, York, England (Roeder) and are patrons of the
    town and monastery of Stone (Husenbeth).


    St. Christiana of Termonde, Virgin
    -----------------------------------------------
    7th century. Saint Christiana is said to have been the daughter of an
    Anglo-Saxon king. She crossed over to Flanders where she lived until her
    death. She is the patron saint of Termonde, Belgium (Benedictines).


    Sources:
    ========

    Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate. (1947). The
    book of saints: NY: Macmillan.

    Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket dictionary of saints, NY:
    Doubleday Image.

    Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, July. (1966).
    Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

    Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
    lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints.
    London: Virtue & Co.

    Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their attributes, Chicago: Henry
    Regnery.

    For All the Saints:
    http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
    These Lives are archived at:
    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
    *****************************************
  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 24 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Declan of Ardmore * St. Germoc of Cornwall * St. Lewina of Berg
    Message 2 of 14 , Jul 23, 2011
      Celtic and Old English Saints          24 July

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Declan of Ardmore
      * St. Germoc of Cornwall
      * St. Lewina of Berg
      * St. Menefrida of Cornwall
      * Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus
      * St. Christiana of Termonde
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Declan of Ardmore, Bishop & Abbot
      ------------------------------------------
      Born at Desi (Decies), Waterford, Ireland, 5th century.

      Declan, an Irish monk, was baptized by and a disciple of Saint Colman.
      He appears to have been an Irish evangelist before the arrival of Saint
      Patrick. He may have made two pilgrimages to Rome and later became the
      first bishop of Ardmore, a see confirmed by Patrick during the synod of
      Cashel in 448. Many miracles are attributed to Declan, who is much
      honoured in Dessee (formerly Nandesi) (Benedictines, Delaney,
      Encyclopaedia, Husenbeth).

      St. Declan, son of Erc, chief of the Desii, was born at the beginning of
      the fifth century near Lismore, Co. Waterford. As a young boy he was
      sent to fosterage with a certain Dimma, who is said to have been a
      foreigner and a Christian. While under Dimma's guardianship, Declan was
      converted and baptised by one of the several Irish saints named Colman.

      After leaving Dimma, Declan went to Rome, where he studied for the
      priesthood and was later consecrated bishop. On his return to Ireland,
      he established a monastic community at Ardmore and was later confirmed
      in this office by St. Patrick himself. Declan was well known as an
      active missionary in Ireland prior top the coming of St. Patrick, the
      great organiser of Irish Christianity.

      Many miracles are attributed to the intervention of St. Declan. He is
      credited, in particular, with having arrested a serious plague by his
      prayers and fasting. He is reputed to have been a very close friend of
      St. David (patron saint of Wales) and, perhaps more importantly, to have
      been on very good terms with Aengus, king of Munster. His influence,
      therefore, would have been considerable.

      According to tradition, Declan made a miraculous return from Rome by
      crossing the sea on a large flagstone. Popular belief has it that this
      flagstone ran aground at Ardmore, where he decided to establish his
      monastery. To this day the flagstone is pointed out by the locals on the
      popular beach at Ardmore.

      St. Declan's day is still actively celebrated by the Ardmore
      parishioners on 24 July. Until recent times it was the custom, on this
      day, for those suffering from back ailments to crawl under the flagstone
      as a method of obtaining relief. One nineteenth century commentator,
      however, voiced a certain amount of disapproval of the practice on the
      grounds that participating ladies would, of necessity, reveal their
      ankles in the process. Such a display could, conceivably, lead the
      onlooking menfolk into temptation!
      The described treatment for backache, however, was said to have been
      ineffective if the patient had anything borrowed or stolen on his/her
      person at the time.

      The waters of St. Declan's well (which was restored in 1951) are said to
      posses miraculous powers of healing. Those who suffer from sprains,
      injuries or rheumatism, it is said, will obtain relief by bathing the
      injured limb in its cool waters.

      Each year, the week including his feast day is known as "Pattern Week".
      Pilgrims still come to pray at the site of Declan's church on the
      headland of Ardmore, adjacent to the round tower which is in an
      excellent state of preservation .

      St. Declan died in the latter half of the fifth century. He was laid to
      rest in his beloved Ardmore, and his burial place is marked by the ruins
      of an oratory built over his grave.


      The Irish Life of Saint Declan of Ardmore
      http://www.ccel.org/d/declan/life/declan.html

      The Round Tower of St. Declan's Cathedral (12th. century)
      http://www.vitruvio.ch/arc/ingrandimenti/g_stdeclans.htm

      A Map of Irish Monasteries
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/files/Monasteries650AD.gif



      Troparion of St Declan tone 4
      Thou wast a bright light in Ireland before the days of Saint Patrick,/ O
      holy Father Declan./ Thou didst travel in Europe and return to found a
      monastery/ where thou wast ever kind to the poor./ We praise thee, O
      glorious Hierarch.


      St. Germoc of Cornwall
      (Germoe)
      --------------------------------

      6th century.
      Bishop Gwinear, an Irish prelate made an expedition to Cornwall he had
      news of heathenism among the people. This expedition ended in disaster
      for St Gwinear and his followers were massacred possibly on the spot
      where Gwinear parish church now stands. By the heathen chieftain Teudar.
      The chief stronghold of Teudar was at Riviere, and now lies buried under
      the sands at Hayle Towens. The disciples of St Patrick do not seem to
      have been greatly discouraged by the massacre of Gwinear and his
      companions. A fresh band of missionaries was formed to go to Cornwall.
      St Germoe was chosen among many others (inc St Breaca ) to take part in
      this expedition. A landing was effected at St Ives but no sooner had
      this intrepid band reached land than it was violently assailed by the
      heathen Teudar, and many missionaries were slain at Conetconia, now
      buried under the Hayle Towens. St Germoe escaped, and eventually found
      safety in the distraction the south side of Tregonning, possibly amongst
      a Cornish clan which had successfully resisted Teudar's power. There in
      the course of time he founded and consecrated after the Brito-Celtic
      manner, during a period of Forty days fasting and prayer, the site upon
      which the ancient Church of St Germoe stands.

      http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/CH_Germoe.htm

      St Germoe is a near relative, possibly brother, of St Breaca.

      We have found this information in the Celtic Year By Shirley Toulson but
      at present are unable to know the wall painting to which she is
      referring to. Quote "In a wall painting in the church in Breage he is
      shown wearing a Crown and Sceptre no doubt because he appears as a
      monarch in the legends connected with Breaca".


      St. Lewina of Berg, Virgin & Martyr
      ------------------------------------------------
      5th century. The first extant record of Saint Lewina dates from 1058,
      when her relics were translated from Seaford (near Lewes) or Alfriston
      in Sussex, England, with those of Saint Idaberga (not sure which one)
      and portions of Saint Oswald, to Saint Winnoc's Abbey Church in Bergues,
      Flanders, where she had been venerated and her relics honoured by
      numerous miracles, especially at the time of the translation. A history
      of these miracles was written by Drogo, an eyewitness to several of
      them. Lewina is reputed to have been a British maiden martyred by the
      invading Saxons (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


      St. Menefrida of Cornwall, Virgin
      ---------------------------------------------
      5th century. Another saintly progeny of the prolific Saint Brychan of
      Brecknock, Menefrida is the patron of Menver in Cornwall (Benedictines).


      Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus, Martyrs
      ------------------------------------------------
      Died 675. Although the legend that grew up around the names of these
      martyrs contradicts the known facts of history, they may well have been
      genuine martyrs. It is said that these two Mercian brothers, sons of
      King Wulfere who had succeeded Peada, were converted and baptized by
      Bishop Saint Chad of Litchfield about 670. While at prayer, they were
      martyred by their then-pagan father, who later underwent remarkable
      penance for his crime. Their mother, Queen Emmelinda, had their bodies
      buried at Stone, Staffordshire, and covered their tombs with stones in
      the Saxon manner. These stones were later used to build a church over
      the spot.

      Wulhere's father Penda had persecuted Christians, but his elder brother
      Peada had allowed Christianity to be established in his realm. There is
      much speculation as to the date of Wulfere's conversion and whether he
      actually committed the crime or took responsibility for the acts of some
      of his courtiers.

      The procurator of the Peterborough Abbey built at Stone travelled to
      Rome and prevailed upon the pope to enrol the martyrs among the saints.
      He left the head of Saint Wulfhade, which he had taken with him, in the
      church of Saint Laurence at Viterbo (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
      Farmer, Husenbeth).

      In art, these two are a pair of princely huntsmen who pursue a stage,
      which takes refuge with Saint Chad, sitting by a pool (Roeder). They are
      venerated at Lichfield, York, England (Roeder) and are patrons of the
      town and monastery of Stone (Husenbeth).


      St. Christiana of Termonde, Virgin
      -----------------------------------------------
      7th century. Saint Christiana is said to have been the daughter of an
      Anglo-Saxon king. She crossed over to Flanders where she lived until her
      death. She is the patron saint of Termonde, Belgium (Benedictines).


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate. (1947). The
      book of saints: NY: Macmillan.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket dictionary of saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, July. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************


    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 24 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Declan of Ardmore * St. Germoc of Cornwall * St. Lewina of Berg *
      Message 3 of 14 , Jul 24, 2012
        Celtic and Old English Saints         24 July

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Declan of Ardmore
        * St. Germoc of Cornwall
        * St. Lewina of Berg
        * St. Menefrida of Cornwall
        * Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus
        * St. Christiana of Termonde
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Declan of Ardmore, Bishop & Abbot
        ------------------------------------------
        Born at Desi (Decies), Waterford, Ireland, 5th century.

        Declan, an Irish monk, was baptized by and a disciple of Saint Colman.
        He appears to have been an Irish evangelist before the arrival of Saint
        Patrick. He may have made two pilgrimages to Rome and later became the
        first bishop of Ardmore, a see confirmed by Patrick during the synod of
        Cashel in 448. Many miracles are attributed to Declan, who is much
        honoured in Dessee (formerly Nandesi) (Benedictines, Delaney,
        Encyclopaedia, Husenbeth).

        St. Declan, son of Erc, chief of the Desii, was born at the beginning of
        the fifth century near Lismore, Co. Waterford. As a young boy he was
        sent to fosterage with a certain Dimma, who is said to have been a
        foreigner and a Christian. While under Dimma's guardianship, Declan was
        converted and baptised by one of the several Irish saints named Colman.

        After leaving Dimma, Declan went to Rome, where he studied for the
        priesthood and was later consecrated bishop. On his return to Ireland,
        he established a monastic community at Ardmore and was later confirmed
        in this office by St. Patrick himself. Declan was well known as an
        active missionary in Ireland prior top the coming of St. Patrick, the
        great organiser of Irish Christianity.

        Many miracles are attributed to the intervention of St. Declan. He is
        credited, in particular, with having arrested a serious plague by his
        prayers and fasting. He is reputed to have been a very close friend of
        St. David (patron saint of Wales) and, perhaps more importantly, to have
        been on very good terms with Aengus, king of Munster. His influence,
        therefore, would have been considerable.

        According to tradition, Declan made a miraculous return from Rome by
        crossing the sea on a large flagstone. Popular belief has it that this
        flagstone ran aground at Ardmore, where he decided to establish his
        monastery. To this day the flagstone is pointed out by the locals on the
        popular beach at Ardmore.

        St. Declan's day is still actively celebrated by the Ardmore
        parishioners on 24 July. Until recent times it was the custom, on this
        day, for those suffering from back ailments to crawl under the flagstone
        as a method of obtaining relief. One nineteenth century commentator,
        however, voiced a certain amount of disapproval of the practice on the
        grounds that participating ladies would, of necessity, reveal their
        ankles in the process. Such a display could, conceivably, lead the
        onlooking menfolk into temptation!
        The described treatment for backache, however, was said to have been
        ineffective if the patient had anything borrowed or stolen on his/her
        person at the time.

        The waters of St. Declan's well (which was restored in 1951) are said to
        posses miraculous powers of healing. Those who suffer from sprains,
        injuries or rheumatism, it is said, will obtain relief by bathing the
        injured limb in its cool waters.

        Each year, the week including his feast day is known as "Pattern Week".
        Pilgrims still come to pray at the site of Declan's church on the
        headland of Ardmore, adjacent to the round tower which is in an
        excellent state of preservation .

        St. Declan died in the latter half of the fifth century. He was laid to
        rest in his beloved Ardmore, and his burial place is marked by the ruins
        of an oratory built over his grave.


        The Irish Life of Saint Declan of Ardmore
        http://www.ccel.org/d/declan/life/declan.html

        The Round Tower of St. Declan's Cathedral (12th. century)
        http://www.vitruvio.ch/arc/ingrandimenti/g_stdeclans.htm

        A Map of Irish Monasteries
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/files/Monasteries650AD.gif



        Troparion of St Declan tone 4
        Thou wast a bright light in Ireland before the days of Saint Patrick,/ O
        holy Father Declan./ Thou didst travel in Europe and return to found a
        monastery/ where thou wast ever kind to the poor./ We praise thee, O
        glorious Hierarch.


        St. Germoc of Cornwall
        (Germoe)
        --------------------------------

        6th century.
        Bishop Gwinear, an Irish prelate made an expedition to Cornwall he had
        news of heathenism among the people. This expedition ended in disaster
        for St Gwinear and his followers were massacred possibly on the spot
        where Gwinear parish church now stands. By the heathen chieftain Teudar.
        The chief stronghold of Teudar was at Riviere, and now lies buried under
        the sands at Hayle Towens. The disciples of St Patrick do not seem to
        have been greatly discouraged by the massacre of Gwinear and his
        companions. A fresh band of missionaries was formed to go to Cornwall.
        St Germoe was chosen among many others (inc St Breaca ) to take part in
        this expedition. A landing was effected at St Ives but no sooner had
        this intrepid band reached land than it was violently assailed by the
        heathen Teudar, and many missionaries were slain at Conetconia, now
        buried under the Hayle Towens. St Germoe escaped, and eventually found
        safety in the distraction the south side of Tregonning, possibly amongst
        a Cornish clan which had successfully resisted Teudar's power. There in
        the course of time he founded and consecrated after the Brito-Celtic
        manner, during a period of Forty days fasting and prayer, the site upon
        which the ancient Church of St Germoe stands.

        http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/CH_Germoe.htm

        St Germoe is a near relative, possibly brother, of St Breaca.

        We have found this information in the Celtic Year By Shirley Toulson but
        at present are unable to know the wall painting to which she is
        referring to. Quote "In a wall painting in the church in Breage he is
        shown wearing a Crown and Sceptre no doubt because he appears as a
        monarch in the legends connected with Breaca".


        St. Lewina of Berg, Virgin & Martyr
        ------------------------------------------------
        5th century. The first extant record of Saint Lewina dates from 1058,
        when her relics were translated from Seaford (near Lewes) or Alfriston
        in Sussex, England, with those of Saint Idaberga (not sure which one)
        and portions of Saint Oswald, to Saint Winnoc's Abbey Church in Bergues,
        Flanders, where she had been venerated and her relics honoured by
        numerous miracles, especially at the time of the translation. A history
        of these miracles was written by Drogo, an eyewitness to several of
        them. Lewina is reputed to have been a British maiden martyred by the
        invading Saxons (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


        St. Menefrida of Cornwall, Virgin
        ---------------------------------------------
        5th century. Another saintly progeny of the prolific Saint Brychan of
        Brecknock, Menefrida is the patron of Menver in Cornwall (Benedictines).


        Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus, Martyrs
        ------------------------------------------------
        Died 675. Although the legend that grew up around the names of these
        martyrs contradicts the known facts of history, they may well have been
        genuine martyrs. It is said that these two Mercian brothers, sons of
        King Wulfere who had succeeded Peada, were converted and baptized by
        Bishop Saint Chad of Litchfield about 670. While at prayer, they were
        martyred by their then-pagan father, who later underwent remarkable
        penance for his crime. Their mother, Queen Emmelinda, had their bodies
        buried at Stone, Staffordshire, and covered their tombs with stones in
        the Saxon manner. These stones were later used to build a church over
        the spot.

        Wulhere's father Penda had persecuted Christians, but his elder brother
        Peada had allowed Christianity to be established in his realm. There is
        much speculation as to the date of Wulfere's conversion and whether he
        actually committed the crime or took responsibility for the acts of some
        of his courtiers.

        The procurator of the Peterborough Abbey built at Stone travelled to
        Rome and prevailed upon the pope to enrol the martyrs among the saints.
        He left the head of Saint Wulfhade, which he had taken with him, in the
        church of Saint Laurence at Viterbo (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
        Farmer, Husenbeth).

        In art, these two are a pair of princely huntsmen who pursue a stage,
        which takes refuge with Saint Chad, sitting by a pool (Roeder). They are
        venerated at Lichfield, York, England (Roeder) and are patrons of the
        town and monastery of Stone (Husenbeth).


        St. Christiana of Termonde, Virgin
        -----------------------------------------------
        7th century. Saint Christiana is said to have been the daughter of an
        Anglo-Saxon king. She crossed over to Flanders where she lived until her
        death. She is the patron saint of Termonde, Belgium (Benedictines).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate. (1947). The
        book of saints: NY: Macmillan.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket dictionary of saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, July. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************

      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 24 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Declan of Ardmore * St. Germoc of Cornwall * St. Lewina of Berg *
        Message 4 of 14 , Jul 23, 2013
          Celtic and Old English Saints         24 July

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Declan of Ardmore
          * St. Germoc of Cornwall
          * St. Lewina of Berg
          * St. Menefrida of Cornwall
          * Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus
          * St. Christiana of Termonde
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Declan of Ardmore, Bishop & Abbot
          ------------------------------------------
          Born at Desi (Decies), Waterford, Ireland, 5th century.

          Declan, an Irish monk, was baptized by and a disciple of Saint Colman.
          He appears to have been an Irish evangelist before the arrival of Saint
          Patrick. He may have made two pilgrimages to Rome and later became the
          first bishop of Ardmore, a see confirmed by Patrick during the synod of
          Cashel in 448. Many miracles are attributed to Declan, who is much
          honoured in Dessee (formerly Nandesi) (Benedictines, Delaney,
          Encyclopaedia, Husenbeth).

          St. Declan, son of Erc, chief of the Desii, was born at the beginning of
          the fifth century near Lismore, Co. Waterford. As a young boy he was
          sent to fosterage with a certain Dimma, who is said to have been a
          foreigner and a Christian. While under Dimma's guardianship, Declan was
          converted and baptised by one of the several Irish saints named Colman.

          After leaving Dimma, Declan went to Rome, where he studied for the
          priesthood and was later consecrated bishop. On his return to Ireland,
          he established a monastic community at Ardmore and was later confirmed
          in this office by St. Patrick himself. Declan was well known as an
          active missionary in Ireland prior top the coming of St. Patrick, the
          great organiser of Irish Christianity.

          Many miracles are attributed to the intervention of St. Declan. He is
          credited, in particular, with having arrested a serious plague by his
          prayers and fasting. He is reputed to have been a very close friend of
          St. David (patron saint of Wales) and, perhaps more importantly, to have
          been on very good terms with Aengus, king of Munster. His influence,
          therefore, would have been considerable.

          According to tradition, Declan made a miraculous return from Rome by
          crossing the sea on a large flagstone. Popular belief has it that this
          flagstone ran aground at Ardmore, where he decided to establish his
          monastery. To this day the flagstone is pointed out by the locals on the
          popular beach at Ardmore.

          St. Declan's day is still actively celebrated by the Ardmore
          parishioners on 24 July. Until recent times it was the custom, on this
          day, for those suffering from back ailments to crawl under the flagstone
          as a method of obtaining relief. One nineteenth century commentator,
          however, voiced a certain amount of disapproval of the practice on the
          grounds that participating ladies would, of necessity, reveal their
          ankles in the process. Such a display could, conceivably, lead the
          onlooking menfolk into temptation!
          The described treatment for backache, however, was said to have been
          ineffective if the patient had anything borrowed or stolen on his/her
          person at the time.

          The waters of St. Declan's well (which was restored in 1951) are said to
          posses miraculous powers of healing. Those who suffer from sprains,
          injuries or rheumatism, it is said, will obtain relief by bathing the
          injured limb in its cool waters.

          Each year, the week including his feast day is known as "Pattern Week".
          Pilgrims still come to pray at the site of Declan's church on the
          headland of Ardmore, adjacent to the round tower which is in an
          excellent state of preservation .

          St. Declan died in the latter half of the fifth century. He was laid to
          rest in his beloved Ardmore, and his burial place is marked by the ruins
          of an oratory built over his grave.


          The Irish Life of Saint Declan of Ardmore
          http://www.ccel.org/d/declan/life/declan.html

          The Round Tower of St. Declan's Cathedral (12th. century)
          http://www.vitruvio.ch/arc/ingrandimenti/g_stdeclans.htm

          A Map of Irish Monasteries
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/files/Monasteries650AD.gif
          Monasteries650AD
           
          Troparion of St Declan tone 4
          Thou wast a bright light in Ireland before the days of Saint Patrick,/ O
          holy Father Declan./ Thou didst travel in Europe and return to found a
          monastery/ where thou wast ever kind to the poor./ We praise thee, O
          glorious Hierarch.


          St. Germoc of Cornwall
          (Germoe)
          --------------------------------

          6th century.
          Bishop Gwinear, an Irish prelate made an expedition to Cornwall he had
          news of heathenism among the people. This expedition ended in disaster
          for St Gwinear and his followers were massacred possibly on the spot
          where Gwinear parish church now stands. By the heathen chieftain Teudar.
          The chief stronghold of Teudar was at Riviere, and now lies buried under
          the sands at Hayle Towens. The disciples of St Patrick do not seem to
          have been greatly discouraged by the massacre of Gwinear and his
          companions. A fresh band of missionaries was formed to go to Cornwall.
          St Germoe was chosen among many others (inc St Breaca ) to take part in
          this expedition. A landing was effected at St Ives but no sooner had
          this intrepid band reached land than it was violently assailed by the
          heathen Teudar, and many missionaries were slain at Conetconia, now
          buried under the Hayle Towens. St Germoe escaped, and eventually found
          safety in the distraction the south side of Tregonning, possibly amongst
          a Cornish clan which had successfully resisted Teudar's power. There in
          the course of time he founded and consecrated after the Brito-Celtic
          manner, during a period of Forty days fasting and prayer, the site upon
          which the ancient Church of St Germoe stands.

          http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/CH_Germoe.htm

          St Germoe is a near relative, possibly brother, of St Breaca.

          We have found this information in the Celtic Year By Shirley Toulson but
          at present are unable to know the wall painting to which she is
          referring to. Quote "In a wall painting in the church in Breage he is
          shown wearing a Crown and Sceptre no doubt because he appears as a
          monarch in the legends connected with Breaca".


          St. Lewina of Berg, Virgin & Martyr
          ------------------------------------------------
          5th century. The first extant record of Saint Lewina dates from 1058,
          when her relics were translated from Seaford (near Lewes) or Alfriston
          in Sussex, England, with those of Saint Idaberga (not sure which one)
          and portions of Saint Oswald, to Saint Winnoc's Abbey Church in Bergues,
          Flanders, where she had been venerated and her relics honoured by
          numerous miracles, especially at the time of the translation. A history
          of these miracles was written by Drogo, an eyewitness to several of
          them. Lewina is reputed to have been a British maiden martyred by the
          invading Saxons (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


          St. Menefrida of Cornwall, Virgin
          ---------------------------------------------
          5th century. Another saintly progeny of the prolific Saint Brychan of
          Brecknock, Menefrida is the patron of Menver in Cornwall (Benedictines).


          Ss. Wulfhade and Ruffinus, Martyrs
          ------------------------------------------------
          Died 675. Although the legend that grew up around the names of these
          martyrs contradicts the known facts of history, they may well have been
          genuine martyrs. It is said that these two Mercian brothers, sons of
          King Wulfere who had succeeded Peada, were converted and baptized by
          Bishop Saint Chad of Litchfield about 670. While at prayer, they were
          martyred by their then-pagan father, who later underwent remarkable
          penance for his crime. Their mother, Queen Emmelinda, had their bodies
          buried at Stone, Staffordshire, and covered their tombs with stones in
          the Saxon manner. These stones were later used to build a church over
          the spot.

          Wulhere's father Penda had persecuted Christians, but his elder brother
          Peada had allowed Christianity to be established in his realm. There is
          much speculation as to the date of Wulfere's conversion and whether he
          actually committed the crime or took responsibility for the acts of some
          of his courtiers.

          The procurator of the Peterborough Abbey built at Stone travelled to
          Rome and prevailed upon the pope to enrol the martyrs among the saints.
          He left the head of Saint Wulfhade, which he had taken with him, in the
          church of Saint Laurence at Viterbo (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
          Farmer, Husenbeth).

          In art, these two are a pair of princely huntsmen who pursue a stage,
          which takes refuge with Saint Chad, sitting by a pool (Roeder). They are
          venerated at Lichfield, York, England (Roeder) and are patrons of the
          town and monastery of Stone (Husenbeth).


          St. Christiana of Termonde, Virgin
          -----------------------------------------------
          7th century. Saint Christiana is said to have been the daughter of an
          Anglo-Saxon king. She crossed over to Flanders where she lived until her
          death. She is the patron saint of Termonde, Belgium (Benedictines).


          Sources:
          ========

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate. (1947). The
          book of saints: NY: Macmillan.

          Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket dictionary of saints, NY:
          Doubleday Image.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, July. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
          lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints.
          London: Virtue & Co.

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************

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