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11 April

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas * St. Guthlac of Croyland * St.Machai of
    Message 1 of 14 , Apr 10, 2010
      Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas
      * St. Guthlac of Croyland
      * St.Machai of Bute
      * St. Maedhog- Aedhan
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Aid of Achad-Finglas, Abbot
      ------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. Abbot Saint Aid of Achard-Finglas, County Carlow, Ireland,
      may be identical with Saint Aed Maedhog. He is the titular of a church,
      an abbey, and several chapels (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


      St. Guthlac of Croyland, Hermit
      ------------------------------------------
      Born in Mercia, c. 673; died at Crowland, Lincolnshire, England, in 714;
      feast day formerly on April 12; feast of his translation is August 30
      and there is a commemoration on August 26.

      As a young man of royal blood from the tribe of Guthlacingas, Guthlac
      had been a soldier for nine years, fighting for Ethelred, the King of
      Mercia. At age 24, he renounced both violence and the life of the world
      and became a monk in double abbey at Repton, which was ruled by an
      abbess named Elfrida.

      Even in these early years his discipline was extraordinary. Some of the
      monks in fact disliked him because he refused all wine and cheering
      drink. But he lived down the criticism and gained the respect of his
      brothers. After two years in the monastery it seemed to him far too
      agreeable a place. On the feast of Saint Bartholomew about 701, he found
      a wet, remote, unloved spot on the River Welland in the Fens, which
      could be reached only by boat, and lived there for the rest of his life
      as a hermit, seeking to imitate the rigours of the old desert fathers.

      His temptations rivalled theirs. Wild men came out of the forest and
      beat him. Even the ravens stole his few possessions. But Guthlac was
      patient, even with wild creatures. Bit by bit the animals and birds came
      to trust him as their friend. A holy man named Wilfrid once visited
      Guthlac and was astonished when two swallows landed on his shoulders and
      then hopped all over him. Guthlac told him, "Hast thou not learned,
      brother, that with him who has led his life after God's will, the wild
      beasts and birds become more intimate, just as to those who leave the
      world, the angels approach nearer?".

      Apparently, Guthlac was also had a vision of Saint Bartholomew, his
      patron. Nor was he entirely alone in his refuge: He had several
      disciples, Saints Cissa, Bettelin, Egbert, and Tatwin, who had cells
      nearby. Bishop Hedda of Dorchester ordained him to the priesthood during
      a visit. The exiled prince Ethelbald, often came to him for advice,
      learned from Guthlac that he would wear the crown of the Mercians.

      When he was dying, Guthlac sent for his sister, Saint Pega, who was a
      hermitess in the same neighbourhood (Peakirk or Pega's church). Abbess
      Edburga of Repton sent him a shroud and a leaden coffin. A year after
      his death, Guthlac's body was exhumed and found to be incorrupt. Soon
      his shrine, to which his sister had donated his Psalter and scourge,
      began popular. When both King Wiglaf of Mercia (827-840) and Archbishop
      Ceolnoth of Canterbury (who was cured by Guthlac of the ague in 851)
      became devotees, Guthlac's cultus grew and spread. A monastery was
      established on the site of Saint Guthlac's hermitage, which developed
      into the great abbey of Crowland, to which his relics were translated in
      1136. There was another translation in 1196.

      One can go on pilgrimage to the site, which has much of interest, but
      nothing of the saint's era remains, for it was destroyed by pagan
      raiders who ravaged the region at that time. Persons linked with
      Cambridge will recall that their University was founded under the
      inspiration of the abbot of Crowland, thus Sabine Baring-Gould has said,
      making St Guthlac the University's spiritual father.

      Guthlac's vita was recorded in Latin by his near contemporary Felix.
      Several others were composed in Old English verse and prose. Together
      with Saint Cuthbert, Guthlac was one of England's most popular
      pre-Conquest hermit saints (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Farmer,
      Gill, Husenbeth).

      In art, Saint Guthlac is depicted holding a scourge in his hand and a
      serpent at his feet. At times he may be shown (1) receiving the scourge
      from Saint Bartholomew; (2) being ordained priest by Saint Hedda of
      Winchester; or (3) with devils molesting and angels consoling him
      (Roeder). A magnificent pictorial record of his life survives in the
      late 12th-century Harleian Roll Y.6 at the British Museum, which is
      usually called the Guthlac Roll. This is a series of eighteen roundels,
      cartoons for stained glass windows, based on Felix's vita and the
      pseudo-Ingulph's history of Crowland.

      Crowland also has several 13th-century sculptures of his life. Abbot
      Henry of Crowland's 13th-century seal depicts Guthlac receiving a
      scourge from Saint Bartholomew for fending off diabolical attacks
      (Farmer). He is venerated in Lincolnshire (Roeder).

      o The Deserts of Britain
      o Four places of ascetical struggle in Britain and the saints who
      laboured there: St Gwyddfarch, St Melangell, St Cadfan, and St Guthlac...

      http://web.archive.org/web/20021225203042/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deser\
      ts.htm

      Alternative Tinyurl: http://tinyurl.com/eo3yz


      o Akathist to our Holy Father Guthlac:
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akaguth.htm


      o Saint Pega and Saint Guthlac
      in the South English Legendary
      by Alexandra H. Olsen
      http://www.umilta.net/guthlac.html



      St.Machai of Bute, Abbot
      (also known as Maccai)
      -----------------------------------
      5th century. Machai, a disciple of Saint Patrick, founded a monastery on
      the isle of Bute (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


      St. Maedhog- Aedhan, Abbot
      (also known as Aedhan, Mogue)
      ------------------------------------
      6th century. The Irish Abbot Saint Maedhog of Clonmore, was closely
      associated with SS. Onchu and Finan (Benedictines).

      Troparion of St Maedhog tone 3
      Thou didst govern thy monastery of Clonmore/ in Ireland's Age of Saints,
      O holy Abbot Maedhog./ Pray to Christ our God that we too may find
      grace/ to live in faith and penitence,/ that we may attain to salvation.


      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
      Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
      Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
      Epworth Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      Pronunciation Help with Irish Names
      http://www.namenerds.com/irish/humanlist.html

      A Beginner's Guide to Irish Gaelic pronunciation
      http://www.standingstones.com/gaelpron.html

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas * St. Guthlac of Croyland * St.Machai of
      Message 2 of 14 , Apr 10, 2011
        Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas
        * St. Guthlac of Croyland
        * St.Machai of Bute
        * St. Maedhog- Aedhan
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Aid of Achad-Finglas, Abbot
        ------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. Abbot Saint Aid of Achard-Finglas, County Carlow, Ireland,
        may be identical with Saint Aed Maedhog. He is the titular of a church,
        an abbey, and several chapels (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


        St. Guthlac of Croyland, Hermit
        ------------------------------------------
        Born in Mercia, c. 673; died at Crowland, Lincolnshire, England, in 714;
        feast day formerly on April 12; feast of his translation is August 30
        and there is a commemoration on August 26.

        As a young man of royal blood from the tribe of Guthlacingas, Guthlac
        had been a soldier for nine years, fighting for Ethelred, the King of
        Mercia. At age 24, he renounced both violence and the life of the world
        and became a monk in double abbey at Repton, which was ruled by an
        abbess named Elfrida.

        Even in these early years his discipline was extraordinary. Some of the
        monks in fact disliked him because he refused all wine and cheering
        drink. But he lived down the criticism and gained the respect of his
        brothers. After two years in the monastery it seemed to him far too
        agreeable a place. On the feast of Saint Bartholomew about 701, he found
        a wet, remote, unloved spot on the River Welland in the Fens, which
        could be reached only by boat, and lived there for the rest of his life
        as a hermit, seeking to imitate the rigours of the old desert fathers.

        His temptations rivalled theirs. Wild men came out of the forest and
        beat him. Even the ravens stole his few possessions. But Guthlac was
        patient, even with wild creatures. Bit by bit the animals and birds came
        to trust him as their friend. A holy man named Wilfrid once visited
        Guthlac and was astonished when two swallows landed on his shoulders and
        then hopped all over him. Guthlac told him, "Hast thou not learned,
        brother, that with him who has led his life after God's will, the wild
        beasts and birds become more intimate, just as to those who leave the
        world, the angels approach nearer?".

        Apparently, Guthlac was also had a vision of Saint Bartholomew, his
        patron. Nor was he entirely alone in his refuge: He had several
        disciples, Saints Cissa, Bettelin, Egbert, and Tatwin, who had cells
        nearby. Bishop Hedda of Dorchester ordained him to the priesthood during
        a visit. The exiled prince Ethelbald, often came to him for advice,
        learned from Guthlac that he would wear the crown of the Mercians.

        When he was dying, Guthlac sent for his sister, Saint Pega, who was a
        hermitess in the same neighbourhood (Peakirk or Pega's church). Abbess
        Edburga of Repton sent him a shroud and a leaden coffin. A year after
        his death, Guthlac's body was exhumed and found to be incorrupt. Soon
        his shrine, to which his sister had donated his Psalter and scourge,
        began popular. When both King Wiglaf of Mercia (827-840) and Archbishop
        Ceolnoth of Canterbury (who was cured by Guthlac of the ague in 851)
        became devotees, Guthlac's cultus grew and spread. A monastery was
        established on the site of Saint Guthlac's hermitage, which developed
        into the great abbey of Crowland, to which his relics were translated in
        1136. There was another translation in 1196.

        One can go on pilgrimage to the site, which has much of interest, but
        nothing of the saint's era remains, for it was destroyed by pagan
        raiders who ravaged the region at that time. Persons linked with
        Cambridge will recall that their University was founded under the
        inspiration of the abbot of Crowland, thus Sabine Baring-Gould has said,
        making St Guthlac the University's spiritual father.

        Guthlac's vita was recorded in Latin by his near contemporary Felix.
        Several others were composed in Old English verse and prose. Together
        with Saint Cuthbert, Guthlac was one of England's most popular
        pre-Conquest hermit saints (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Farmer,
        Gill, Husenbeth).

        In art, Saint Guthlac is depicted holding a scourge in his hand and a
        serpent at his feet. At times he may be shown (1) receiving the scourge
        from Saint Bartholomew; (2) being ordained priest by Saint Hedda of
        Winchester; or (3) with devils molesting and angels consoling him
        (Roeder). A magnificent pictorial record of his life survives in the
        late 12th-century Harleian Roll Y.6 at the British Museum, which is
        usually called the Guthlac Roll. This is a series of eighteen roundels,
        cartoons for stained glass windows, based on Felix's vita and the
        pseudo-Ingulph's history of Crowland.

        Crowland also has several 13th-century sculptures of his life. Abbot
        Henry of Crowland's 13th-century seal depicts Guthlac receiving a
        scourge from Saint Bartholomew for fending off diabolical attacks
        (Farmer). He is venerated in Lincolnshire (Roeder).

        o The Deserts of Britain
        o Four places of ascetical struggle in Britain and the saints who
        laboured there: St Gwyddfarch, St Melangell, St Cadfan, and St Guthlac...

        http://web.archive.org/web/20021225203042/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deser\
        \
        ts.htm

        Alternative Tinyurl: http://tinyurl.com/eo3yz


        o Akathist to our Holy Father Guthlac:
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akaguth.htm


        o Saint Pega and Saint Guthlac
        in the South English Legendary
        by Alexandra H. Olsen
        http://www.umilta.net/guthlac.html



        St.Machai of Bute, Abbot
        (also known as Maccai)
        -----------------------------------
        5th century. Machai, a disciple of Saint Patrick, founded a monastery on
        the isle of Bute (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


        St. Maedhog- Aedhan, Abbot
        (also known as Aedhan, Mogue)
        ------------------------------------
        6th century. The Irish Abbot Saint Maedhog of Clonmore, was closely
        associated with SS. Onchu and Finan (Benedictines).

        Troparion of St Maedhog tone 3
        Thou didst govern thy monastery of Clonmore/ in Ireland's Age of Saints,
        O holy Abbot Maedhog./ Pray to Christ our God that we too may find
        grace/ to live in faith and penitence,/ that we may attain to salvation.


        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
        Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
        Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
        Epworth Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        Pronunciation Help with Irish Names
        http://www.namenerds.com/irish/humanlist.html

        A Beginner's Guide to Irish Gaelic pronunciation
        http://www.standingstones.com/gaelpron.html

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas * St. Guthlac of Croyland * St.Machai of
        Message 3 of 14 , Apr 10, 2012
          Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas
          * St. Guthlac of Croyland
          * St.Machai of Bute
          * St. Maedhog- Aedhan
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Aid of Achad-Finglas, Abbot
          ------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. Abbot Saint Aid of Achard-Finglas, County Carlow, Ireland,
          may be identical with Saint Aed Maedhog. He is the titular of a church,
          an abbey, and several chapels (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


          St. Guthlac of Croyland, Hermit
          ------------------------------------------
          Born in Mercia, c. 673; died at Crowland, Lincolnshire, England, in 714;
          feast day formerly on April 12; feast of his translation is August 30
          and there is a commemoration on August 26.

          As a young man of royal blood from the tribe of Guthlacingas, Guthlac
          had been a soldier for nine years, fighting for Ethelred, the King of
          Mercia. At age 24, he renounced both violence and the life of the world
          and became a monk in double abbey at Repton, which was ruled by an
          abbess named Elfrida.

          Even in these early years his discipline was extraordinary. Some of the
          monks in fact disliked him because he refused all wine and cheering
          drink. But he lived down the criticism and gained the respect of his
          brothers. After two years in the monastery it seemed to him far too
          agreeable a place. On the feast of Saint Bartholomew about 701, he found
          a wet, remote, unloved spot on the River Welland in the Fens, which
          could be reached only by boat, and lived there for the rest of his life
          as a hermit, seeking to imitate the rigours of the old desert fathers.

          His temptations rivalled theirs. Wild men came out of the forest and
          beat him. Even the ravens stole his few possessions. But Guthlac was
          patient, even with wild creatures. Bit by bit the animals and birds came
          to trust him as their friend. A holy man named Wilfrid once visited
          Guthlac and was astonished when two swallows landed on his shoulders and
          then hopped all over him. Guthlac told him, "Hast thou not learned,
          brother, that with him who has led his life after God's will, the wild
          beasts and birds become more intimate, just as to those who leave the
          world, the angels approach nearer?".

          Apparently, Guthlac was also had a vision of Saint Bartholomew, his
          patron. Nor was he entirely alone in his refuge: He had several
          disciples, Saints Cissa, Bettelin, Egbert, and Tatwin, who had cells
          nearby. Bishop Hedda of Dorchester ordained him to the priesthood during
          a visit. The exiled prince Ethelbald, often came to him for advice,
          learned from Guthlac that he would wear the crown of the Mercians.

          When he was dying, Guthlac sent for his sister, Saint Pega, who was a
          hermitess in the same neighbourhood (Peakirk or Pega's church). Abbess
          Edburga of Repton sent him a shroud and a leaden coffin. A year after
          his death, Guthlac's body was exhumed and found to be incorrupt. Soon
          his shrine, to which his sister had donated his Psalter and scourge,
          began popular. When both King Wiglaf of Mercia (827-840) and Archbishop
          Ceolnoth of Canterbury (who was cured by Guthlac of the ague in 851)
          became devotees, Guthlac's cultus grew and spread. A monastery was
          established on the site of Saint Guthlac's hermitage, which developed
          into the great abbey of Crowland, to which his relics were translated in
          1136. There was another translation in 1196.

          One can go on pilgrimage to the site, which has much of interest, but
          nothing of the saint's era remains, for it was destroyed by pagan
          raiders who ravaged the region at that time. Persons linked with
          Cambridge will recall that their University was founded under the
          inspiration of the abbot of Crowland, thus Sabine Baring-Gould has said,
          making St Guthlac the University's spiritual father.

          Guthlac's vita was recorded in Latin by his near contemporary Felix.
          Several others were composed in Old English verse and prose. Together
          with Saint Cuthbert, Guthlac was one of England's most popular
          pre-Conquest hermit saints (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Farmer,
          Gill, Husenbeth).

          In art, Saint Guthlac is depicted holding a scourge in his hand and a
          serpent at his feet. At times he may be shown (1) receiving the scourge
          from Saint Bartholomew; (2) being ordained priest by Saint Hedda of
          Winchester; or (3) with devils molesting and angels consoling him
          (Roeder). A magnificent pictorial record of his life survives in the
          late 12th-century Harleian Roll Y.6 at the British Museum, which is
          usually called the Guthlac Roll. This is a series of eighteen roundels,
          cartoons for stained glass windows, based on Felix's vita and the
          pseudo-Ingulph's history of Crowland.

          Crowland also has several 13th-century sculptures of his life. Abbot
          Henry of Crowland's 13th-century seal depicts Guthlac receiving a
          scourge from Saint Bartholomew for fending off diabolical attacks
          (Farmer). He is venerated in Lincolnshire (Roeder).

          o The Deserts of Britain
          o Four places of ascetical struggle in Britain and the saints who
          laboured there: St Gwyddfarch, St Melangell, St Cadfan, and St Guthlac...

          http://web.archive.org/web/20021225203042/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deser\
          \
          \
          ts.htm

          Alternative Tinyurl: http://tinyurl.com/eo3yz


          o Akathist to our Holy Father Guthlac:
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akaguth.htm


          o Saint Pega and Saint Guthlac
          in the South English Legendary
          by Alexandra H. Olsen
          http://www.umilta.net/guthlac.html



          St.Machai of Bute, Abbot
          (also known as Maccai)
          -----------------------------------
          5th century. Machai, a disciple of Saint Patrick, founded a monastery on
          the isle of Bute (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


          St. Maedhog- Aedhan, Abbot
          (also known as Aedhan, Mogue)
          ------------------------------------
          6th century. The Irish Abbot Saint Maedhog of Clonmore, was closely
          associated with SS. Onchu and Finan (Benedictines).

          Troparion of St Maedhog tone 3
          Thou didst govern thy monastery of Clonmore/ in Ireland's Age of Saints,
          O holy Abbot Maedhog./ Pray to Christ our God that we too may find
          grace/ to live in faith and penitence,/ that we may attain to salvation.


          Sources:
          ========

          Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Penguin Books.

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
          Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
          Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
          Epworth Press.

          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
          London: Virtue & Co.

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          Pronunciation Help with Irish Names
          http://www.namenerds.com/irish/humanlist.html

          A Beginner's Guide to Irish Gaelic pronunciation
          http://www.standingstones.com/gaelpron.html

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas * St. Guthlac of Croyland * St.Machai of
          Message 4 of 14 , Apr 11, 2013
            Celtic and Old English Saints 11 April

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Aid of Achad-Finglas
            * St. Guthlac of Croyland
            * St.Machai of Bute
            * St. Maedhog- Aedhan
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Aid of Achad-Finglas, Abbot
            ------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. Abbot Saint Aid of Achard-Finglas, County Carlow, Ireland,
            may be identical with Saint Aed Maedhog. He is the titular of a church,
            an abbey, and several chapels (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


            St. Guthlac of Croyland, Hermit
            ------------------------------------------
            Born in Mercia, c. 673; died at Crowland, Lincolnshire, England, in 714;
            feast day formerly on April 12; feast of his translation is August 30
            and there is a commemoration on August 26.

            As a young man of royal blood from the tribe of Guthlacingas, Guthlac
            had been a soldier for nine years, fighting for Ethelred, the King of
            Mercia. At age 24, he renounced both violence and the life of the world
            and became a monk in double abbey at Repton, which was ruled by an
            abbess named Elfrida.

            Even in these early years his discipline was extraordinary. Some of the
            monks in fact disliked him because he refused all wine and cheering
            drink. But he lived down the criticism and gained the respect of his
            brothers. After two years in the monastery it seemed to him far too
            agreeable a place. On the feast of Saint Bartholomew about 701, he found
            a wet, remote, unloved spot on the River Welland in the Fens, which
            could be reached only by boat, and lived there for the rest of his life
            as a hermit, seeking to imitate the rigours of the old desert fathers.

            His temptations rivalled theirs. Wild men came out of the forest and
            beat him. Even the ravens stole his few possessions. But Guthlac was
            patient, even with wild creatures. Bit by bit the animals and birds came
            to trust him as their friend. A holy man named Wilfrid once visited
            Guthlac and was astonished when two swallows landed on his shoulders and
            then hopped all over him. Guthlac told him, "Hast thou not learned,
            brother, that with him who has led his life after God's will, the wild
            beasts and birds become more intimate, just as to those who leave the
            world, the angels approach nearer?".

            Apparently, Guthlac was also had a vision of Saint Bartholomew, his
            patron. Nor was he entirely alone in his refuge: He had several
            disciples, Saints Cissa, Bettelin, Egbert, and Tatwin, who had cells
            nearby. Bishop Hedda of Dorchester ordained him to the priesthood during
            a visit. The exiled prince Ethelbald, often came to him for advice,
            learned from Guthlac that he would wear the crown of the Mercians.

            When he was dying, Guthlac sent for his sister, Saint Pega, who was a
            hermitess in the same neighbourhood (Peakirk or Pega's church). Abbess
            Edburga of Repton sent him a shroud and a leaden coffin. A year after
            his death, Guthlac's body was exhumed and found to be incorrupt. Soon
            his shrine, to which his sister had donated his Psalter and scourge,
            began popular. When both King Wiglaf of Mercia (827-840) and Archbishop
            Ceolnoth of Canterbury (who was cured by Guthlac of the ague in 851)
            became devotees, Guthlac's cultus grew and spread. A monastery was
            established on the site of Saint Guthlac's hermitage, which developed
            into the great abbey of Crowland, to which his relics were translated in
            1136. There was another translation in 1196.

            One can go on pilgrimage to the site, which has much of interest, but
            nothing of the saint's era remains, for it was destroyed by pagan
            raiders who ravaged the region at that time. Persons linked with
            Cambridge will recall that their University was founded under the
            inspiration of the abbot of Crowland, thus Sabine Baring-Gould has said,
            making St Guthlac the University's spiritual father.

            Guthlac's vita was recorded in Latin by his near contemporary Felix.
            Several others were composed in Old English verse and prose. Together
            with Saint Cuthbert, Guthlac was one of England's most popular
            pre-Conquest hermit saints (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Farmer,
            Gill, Husenbeth).

            In art, Saint Guthlac is depicted holding a scourge in his hand and a
            serpent at his feet. At times he may be shown (1) receiving the scourge
            from Saint Bartholomew; (2) being ordained priest by Saint Hedda of
            Winchester; or (3) with devils molesting and angels consoling him
            (Roeder). A magnificent pictorial record of his life survives in the
            late 12th-century Harleian Roll Y.6 at the British Museum, which is
            usually called the Guthlac Roll. This is a series of eighteen roundels,
            cartoons for stained glass windows, based on Felix's vita and the
            pseudo-Ingulph's history of Crowland.

            Crowland also has several 13th-century sculptures of his life. Abbot
            Henry of Crowland's 13th-century seal depicts Guthlac receiving a
            scourge from Saint Bartholomew for fending off diabolical attacks
            (Farmer). He is venerated in Lincolnshire (Roeder).

            o The Deserts of Britain
            o Four places of ascetical struggle in Britain and the saints who
            laboured there: St Gwyddfarch, St Melangell, St Cadfan, and St Guthlac...

            http://web.archive.org/web/20021225203042/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deser\
            \
            \
            ts.htm

            Alternative Tinyurl: http://tinyurl.com/eo3yz


            o Akathist to our Holy Father Guthlac:
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akaguth.htm


            o Saint Pega and Saint Guthlac
            in the South English Legendary
            by Alexandra H. Olsen
            http://www.umilta.net/guthlac.html



            St.Machai of Bute, Abbot
            (also known as Maccai)
            -----------------------------------
            5th century. Machai, a disciple of Saint Patrick, founded a monastery on
            the isle of Bute (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


            St. Maedhog- Aedhan, Abbot
            (also known as Aedhan, Mogue)
            ------------------------------------
            6th century. The Irish Abbot Saint Maedhog of Clonmore, was closely
            associated with SS. Onchu and Finan (Benedictines).

            Troparion of St Maedhog tone 3
            Thou didst govern thy monastery of Clonmore/ in Ireland's Age of Saints,
            O holy Abbot Maedhog./ Pray to Christ our God that we too may find
            grace/ to live in faith and penitence,/ that we may attain to salvation.


            Sources:
            ========

            Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Penguin Books.

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
            Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
            Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
            Epworth Press.

            Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
            Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
            London: Virtue & Co.

            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
            Regnery.

            For All the Saints: - new active link
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

            Pronunciation Help with Irish Names
            http://www.namenerds.com/irish/humanlist.html

            A Beginner's Guide to Irish Gaelic pronunciation
            http://www.standingstones.com/gaelpron.html

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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