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2 March

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
    Message 1 of 13 , Mar 1, 2010
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Chad of Lichfield
      * St. Slebhene of Iona
      * St. Cynibild
      * St. Fergna the White
      * St. Joavan of Leon
      * St. Willeic
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

      The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
      modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
      diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
      church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
      Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
      yet no other had been appointed in his place.

      "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
      whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
      consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
      in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
      the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
      bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

      "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
      to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
      give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
      travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
      apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
      cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
      tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
      of his master and of his brother Cedd."

      During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
      in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
      brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
      Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
      including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

      Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
      Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
      while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
      Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
      know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
      his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
      as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
      Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
      abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
      Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
      remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
      Whitby.

      As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
      named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
      Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
      But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
      the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
      Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
      appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
      his monastery at Ripon.

      When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
      669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
      improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
      humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
      Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
      willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
      undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

      With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
      in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
      with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
      creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
      stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
      of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
      founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
      far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
      foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
      missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

      A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
      were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
      Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
      of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
      they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
      encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
      Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

      He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
      sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
      it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
      experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
      angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
      fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
      great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
      blinded by its brightness.

      In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
      long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
      lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
      was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
      same grace and simplicity.

      In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
      upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
      everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

      Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
      relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
      and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
      his oratory was filled with the sound of
      music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
      near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
      his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
      "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
      Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
      told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
      calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
      keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
      St. Chad's body simply wore out.

      Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
      in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
      angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
      St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
      Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
      became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

      Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
      is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

      In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
      (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
      midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
      leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
      of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

      St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
      http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



      St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
      (Benedictines).

      St. Cynibild
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
      Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
      (Benedictines).


      St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
      whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

      Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
      Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
      thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
      Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

      Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
      In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
      and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
      Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
      same steadfastness in our lives.


      St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
      to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
      episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


      St. Willeic
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
      of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
      this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


      Sources:
      ========

      Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

      Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
      Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      Orthodox Ireland Saints
      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
      Message 2 of 13 , Mar 1, 2011
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Chad of Lichfield
        * St. Slebhene of Iona
        * St. Cynibild
        * St. Fergna the White
        * St. Joavan of Leon
        * St. Willeic
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

        The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
        modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
        diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
        church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
        Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
        yet no other had been appointed in his place.

        "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
        whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
        consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
        in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
        the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
        bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

        "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
        to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
        give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
        travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
        apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
        cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
        tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
        of his master and of his brother Cedd."

        During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
        in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
        brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
        Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
        including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

        Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
        Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
        while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
        Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
        know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
        his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
        as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
        Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
        abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
        Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
        remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
        Whitby.

        As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
        named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
        Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
        But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
        the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
        Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
        appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
        his monastery at Ripon.

        When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
        669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
        improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
        humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
        Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
        willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
        undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

        With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
        in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
        with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
        creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
        stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
        of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
        founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
        far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
        foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
        missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

        A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
        were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
        Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
        of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
        they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
        encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
        Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

        He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
        sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
        it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
        experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
        angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
        fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
        great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
        blinded by its brightness.

        In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
        long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
        lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
        was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
        same grace and simplicity.

        In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
        upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
        everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

        Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
        relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
        and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
        his oratory was filled with the sound of
        music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
        near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
        his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
        "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
        Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
        told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
        calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
        keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
        St. Chad's body simply wore out.

        Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
        in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
        angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
        St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
        Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
        became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

        Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
        is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

        In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
        (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
        midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
        leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
        of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

        St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
        http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



        St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
        (Benedictines).

        St. Cynibild
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
        Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
        (Benedictines).


        St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
        whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

        Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
        Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
        thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
        Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

        Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
        In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
        and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
        Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
        same steadfastness in our lives.


        St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
        to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
        episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


        St. Willeic
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
        of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
        this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


        Sources:
        ========

        Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

        Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
        Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        Orthodox Ireland Saints
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
        Message 3 of 13 , Mar 2, 2012
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Chad of Lichfield
          * St. Slebhene of Iona
          * St. Cynibild
          * St. Fergna the White
          * St. Joavan of Leon
          * St. Willeic
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

          The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
          modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
          diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
          church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
          Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
          yet no other had been appointed in his place.

          "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
          whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
          consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
          in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
          the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
          bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

          "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
          to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
          give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
          travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
          apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
          cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
          tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
          of his master and of his brother Cedd."

          During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
          in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
          brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
          Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
          including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

          Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
          Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
          while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
          Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
          know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
          his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
          as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
          Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
          abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
          Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
          remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
          Whitby.

          As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
          named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
          Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
          But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
          the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
          Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
          appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
          his monastery at Ripon.

          When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
          669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
          improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
          humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
          Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
          willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
          undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

          With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
          in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
          with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
          creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
          stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
          of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
          founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
          far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
          foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
          missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

          A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
          were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
          Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
          of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
          they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
          encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
          Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

          He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
          sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
          it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
          experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
          angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
          fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
          great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
          blinded by its brightness.

          In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
          long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
          lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
          was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
          same grace and simplicity.

          In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
          upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
          everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

          Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
          relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
          and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
          his oratory was filled with the sound of
          music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
          near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
          his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
          "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
          Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
          told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
          calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
          keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
          St. Chad's body simply wore out.

          Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
          in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
          angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
          St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
          Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
          became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

          Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
          is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

          In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
          (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
          midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
          leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
          of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

          St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
          http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



          St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
          (Benedictines).

          St. Cynibild
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
          Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
          (Benedictines).


          St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
          whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

          Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
          Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
          thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
          Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

          Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
          In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
          and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
          Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
          same steadfastness in our lives.


          St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
          to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
          episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


          St. Willeic
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
          of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
          this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


          Sources:
          ========

          Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

          Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
          Penguin Books.

          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Doubleday Image.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
          Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
          Message 4 of 13 , Mar 1, 2013
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Chad of Lichfield
            * St. Slebhene of Iona
            * St. Cynibild
            * St. Fergna the White
            * St. Joavan of Leon
            * St. Willeic
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

            The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
            modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
            diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
            church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
            Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
            yet no other had been appointed in his place.

            "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
            whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
            consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
            in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
            the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
            bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

            "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
            to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
            give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
            travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
            apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
            cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
            tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
            of his master and of his brother Cedd."

            During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
            in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
            brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
            Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
            including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

            Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
            Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
            while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
            Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
            know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
            his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
            as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
            Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
            abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
            Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
            remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
            Whitby.

            As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
            named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
            Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
            But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
            the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
            Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
            appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
            his monastery at Ripon.

            When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
            669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
            improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
            humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
            Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
            willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
            undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

            With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
            in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
            with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
            creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
            stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
            of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
            founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
            far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
            foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
            missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

            A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
            were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
            Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
            of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
            they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
            encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
            Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

            He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
            sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
            it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
            experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
            angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
            fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
            great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
            blinded by its brightness.

            In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
            long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
            lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
            was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
            same grace and simplicity.

            In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
            upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
            everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

            Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
            relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
            and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
            his oratory was filled with the sound of
            music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
            near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
            his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
            "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
            Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
            told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
            calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
            keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
            St. Chad's body simply wore out.

            Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
            in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
            angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
            St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
            Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
            became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

            Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
            is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

            In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
            (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
            midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
            leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
            of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

            St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
            http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



            St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
            (Benedictines).

            St. Cynibild
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
            Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
            (Benedictines).


            St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
            whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

            Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
            Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
            thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
            Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

            Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
            In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
            and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
            Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
            same steadfastness in our lives.


            St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
            to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
            episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


            St. Willeic
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
            of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
            this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


            Sources:
            ========

            Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

            Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
            Penguin Books.

            Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Doubleday Image.

            Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
            Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

            Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
            Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

            For All the Saints: - new active link
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
            http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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