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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow * St. Caian of Tregaian *
    Message 1 of 11 , Sep 24, 2009
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow
      * St. Caian of Tregaian
      * St. Findbar of Cork
      * St. Cadoc of Llancarfan
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Ceolfrith (Geoffrey)
      Abbot and Confessor of Wearmouth and Jarrow
      -------------------------------------------------------------------
      Saint Ceolfrith, or Geoffrey, the friend and spiritual son of Saint
      Benedict Biscop (January 12), was born about the year 642, and was
      probably a native of the kingdom of Northumbria.

      He is first mentioned in 674 as aiding Benedict in the foundation of the
      abbey of Wearmouth, and about the year 678 he accompanied him to Rome. A
      little later - about the year 681 - Ceolfrith was an active, learned and
      zealous man, and worthy to be the successor of Benedict. He doubled the
      large library which had been formed by his predecessor, and increased
      the number of monks to six hundred. He also enriched the monastery, by
      obtaining from King Aldfrith a grant of lands on the river "Fresca,"
      which were afterwards exchanged for an estate nearer the monastery, at a
      place then called "Sambuce." By some monks whom he sent to Rome,
      Ceolfrith obtained from Pope Sergios a new charter of privileges for the
      monastery, or rather a renewal of those which had been given to Benedict
      by Pope Agatho.

      Saint Ceolfrith continued to preside over the two monasteries of
      Wearmouth and Jarrow during twenty-six years, and he appears to have
      occupied himself exclusively with his monks in study and teaching. The
      celebrity of his school, in which Bede imbibed his great learning, was
      very extensive; and in 701, the Pope sent a messenger to invite one of
      his monks to advise him in deciding certain ecclesiastical questions of
      great difficulty.

      A few years afterwards (about 710), Ceolfrith's advice was sought by
      Naitan, King of the Picts, who had become a convert to the Orthodox
      Pascha and the Roman form of tonsure; and, at the earnest solicitation
      of that prince, he sent him a letter setting forth the arguments on
      which this was founded, and along with it architects to build a stone
      church after the West Roman style. This letter has been preserved by
      Bede.

      When age and sickness announced to Ceolfrith the near approach of death,
      he was suddenly seized with the desire of ending his days in the
      Apostolic city of Rome. Bede, who was probably one of the actors in it,
      describes very particularly the emotional scene of parting. The monks
      urged Ceolfrith to stay, for they saw that he lacked the strength for so
      long a journey, and they feared that he would die on the way; but their
      efforts were in vain. On Thursday, the 4th day of June, 716,
      immediately after the first liturgical service of the day had been
      celebrated, Ceolfrith prepared for his departure, amid the lamentations
      of those with whom he had passed so many tranquil years.

      The monks, about six hundred in number, were assembled in the church at
      Wearmouth, and Ceolfrith, after having prayed, stood by the altar,
      holding in his hand the censer with burning incense, and gave them his
      peace. Then they left the church and moved towards the shore, their
      chants being frequently interrupted by loud sobs. When they came to the
      dormitory, Ceolfrith entered the oratory of Saint Lawrence, which stood
      there, and delivered his last admonition, urging the monks to persevere
      in
      brotherly love, to keep strict discipline, and to be constant in their
      duties to God, and he ended by requesting their prayers for himself.

      On the bank of the river Tyne he gave them severally the kiss of peace,
      and they then fell on their knees and received his blessing. He was
      accompanied across the river by the deacons of the church, bearing
      lighted tapers and the cross of gold. When he reached the opposite
      shore, he venerated the cross, and then mounted the horse which was to
      carry him to the place of embarkation.

      On their return to Wearmouth, the first care of the monks was the
      election of a successor, and their new abbot, named Hwaetbert, was
      immediately dispatched, with a few of the brethren, to see Ceolfrith for
      the last time. They found him on the coast waiting for a ship; since his
      departure from amongst them, he approved their choice and confirmed
      their election, and
      then received from the new abbot a commendatory letter to Pope Gregory.

      The apprehensions of the monks were soon verified; for after journeying
      slowly through Gaul, as he was approaching the city of Langres
      (Lingonas), in the diocese of Lyon, on the 25th of September of the same
      year, Ceolfrith became suddenly so feeble that his attendants were
      obliged to halt in the midst of the fields, where he died almost
      immediately.

      His body was deposited in the monastery of the Twin Martyrs, in the
      southern suburb of the city, and his companions returned to England to
      bear the tidings to his friends. Bede, who gives the date of Ceolfrith's
      death, tells us that he was then seventy-four years of age, and that he
      had been forty-seven years a presbyter and thirty-five years an abbot,
      including, of course, the period during which he presided only over the
      monastery of Jarrow.

      His holy relics were afterwards removed from Langres, and carried to
      Wearmouth; and at a subsequent period, on the approach of the Danes, who
      reduced that monastery to ruins, they were again taken up by the monks,
      and, with those of the Abbess Hilda, finally deposited at Glastonbury.

      ********************************************************
      "When the Church in the British Isles begins to venerate her own saints,
      the Church will prosper" ~ Saint Arsenios of Cappadocia
      ********************************************************

      Ceolfrith would merit a place among the Anglo-Saxon writers if he had
      written nothing but the letter, or tract, on the observance of Pascha,
      addressed to the King of the Picts. It is distinguished by clearness of
      style, and remarkable vigour and perspicuity, if we consider that the
      writer was then in his sixty-eighth year, relatively a much greater age
      then than now.

      Saint Ceolfrith is commemorated on the date of his repose, September 25.
      The translation of his relics is celebrated on October 8.

      The above Life from
      http://tinyurl.com/bpppw


      Icon of St. Ceolfrith-Geoffrey
      http://tinyurl.com/agrlc


      Troparion of St Geoffrey Tone 2
      Rejoice, Christians of Northumbria, for the Lord hath brought forth a
      holy one from your midst. He tended monasticism and learning as a
      precious vine, bearing abundant fruit to the glory of God. Now that the
      name of Saint Geoffrey is inscribed in the Book of Life, pray with us
      that he may intercede for us all.



      St. Caian of Tregaian in Anglesey, Wales,
      Son of Saint Brychan of Brecknock
      ------------------------------------------------------

      Troparion of St Caian tone 8
      The noble Brychan, obeying God's will, bestowed on the Church a galaxy
      of saints to illumine our land./ As in Angelsey thou didst labour for
      Christ, O holy Caian,/ cease not in thy labour of prayer that we may be
      granted salvation for our souls.



      Lives kindly supplied by:
      Orthodox Ireland Saints
      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/
      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow * St. Caian of Tregaian *
      Message 2 of 11 , Sep 25, 2010
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow
        * St. Caian of Tregaian
        * St. Findbar of Cork
        * St. Cadoc of Llancarfan
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Ceolfrith (Geoffrey)
        Abbot and Confessor of Wearmouth and Jarrow
        -------------------------------------------------------------------
        Saint Ceolfrith, or Geoffrey, the friend and spiritual son of Saint
        Benedict Biscop (January 12), was born about the year 642, and was
        probably a native of the kingdom of Northumbria.

        He is first mentioned in 674 as aiding Benedict in the foundation of the
        abbey of Wearmouth, and about the year 678 he accompanied him to Rome. A
        little later - about the year 681 - Ceolfrith was an active, learned and
        zealous man, and worthy to be the successor of Benedict. He doubled the
        large library which had been formed by his predecessor, and increased
        the number of monks to six hundred. He also enriched the monastery, by
        obtaining from King Aldfrith a grant of lands on the river "Fresca,"
        which were afterwards exchanged for an estate nearer the monastery, at a
        place then called "Sambuce." By some monks whom he sent to Rome,
        Ceolfrith obtained from Pope Sergios a new charter of privileges for the
        monastery, or rather a renewal of those which had been given to Benedict
        by Pope Agatho.

        Saint Ceolfrith continued to preside over the two monasteries of
        Wearmouth and Jarrow during twenty-six years, and he appears to have
        occupied himself exclusively with his monks in study and teaching. The
        celebrity of his school, in which Bede imbibed his great learning, was
        very extensive; and in 701, the Pope sent a messenger to invite one of
        his monks to advise him in deciding certain ecclesiastical questions of
        great difficulty.

        A few years afterwards (about 710), Ceolfrith's advice was sought by
        Naitan, King of the Picts, who had become a convert to the Orthodox
        Pascha and the Roman form of tonsure; and, at the earnest solicitation
        of that prince, he sent him a letter setting forth the arguments on
        which this was founded, and along with it architects to build a stone
        church after the West Roman style. This letter has been preserved by
        Bede.

        When age and sickness announced to Ceolfrith the near approach of death,
        he was suddenly seized with the desire of ending his days in the
        Apostolic city of Rome. Bede, who was probably one of the actors in it,
        describes very particularly the emotional scene of parting. The monks
        urged Ceolfrith to stay, for they saw that he lacked the strength for so
        long a journey, and they feared that he would die on the way; but their
        efforts were in vain. On Thursday, the 4th day of June, 716,
        immediately after the first liturgical service of the day had been
        celebrated, Ceolfrith prepared for his departure, amid the lamentations
        of those with whom he had passed so many tranquil years.

        The monks, about six hundred in number, were assembled in the church at
        Wearmouth, and Ceolfrith, after having prayed, stood by the altar,
        holding in his hand the censer with burning incense, and gave them his
        peace. Then they left the church and moved towards the shore, their
        chants being frequently interrupted by loud sobs. When they came to the
        dormitory, Ceolfrith entered the oratory of Saint Lawrence, which stood
        there, and delivered his last admonition, urging the monks to persevere
        in
        brotherly love, to keep strict discipline, and to be constant in their
        duties to God, and he ended by requesting their prayers for himself.

        On the bank of the river Tyne he gave them severally the kiss of peace,
        and they then fell on their knees and received his blessing. He was
        accompanied across the river by the deacons of the church, bearing
        lighted tapers and the cross of gold. When he reached the opposite
        shore, he venerated the cross, and then mounted the horse which was to
        carry him to the place of embarkation.

        On their return to Wearmouth, the first care of the monks was the
        election of a successor, and their new abbot, named Hwaetbert, was
        immediately dispatched, with a few of the brethren, to see Ceolfrith for
        the last time. They found him on the coast waiting for a ship; since his
        departure from amongst them, he approved their choice and confirmed
        their election, and
        then received from the new abbot a commendatory letter to Pope Gregory.

        The apprehensions of the monks were soon verified; for after journeying
        slowly through Gaul, as he was approaching the city of Langres
        (Lingonas), in the diocese of Lyon, on the 25th of September of the same
        year, Ceolfrith became suddenly so feeble that his attendants were
        obliged to halt in the midst of the fields, where he died almost
        immediately.

        His body was deposited in the monastery of the Twin Martyrs, in the
        southern suburb of the city, and his companions returned to England to
        bear the tidings to his friends. Bede, who gives the date of Ceolfrith's
        death, tells us that he was then seventy-four years of age, and that he
        had been forty-seven years a presbyter and thirty-five years an abbot,
        including, of course, the period during which he presided only over the
        monastery of Jarrow.

        His holy relics were afterwards removed from Langres, and carried to
        Wearmouth; and at a subsequent period, on the approach of the Danes, who
        reduced that monastery to ruins, they were again taken up by the monks,
        and, with those of the Abbess Hilda, finally deposited at Glastonbury.

        ********************************************************
        "When the Church in the British Isles begins to venerate her own saints,
        the Church will prosper" ~ Saint Arsenios of Cappadocia
        ********************************************************

        Ceolfrith would merit a place among the Anglo-Saxon writers if he had
        written nothing but the letter, or tract, on the observance of Pascha,
        addressed to the King of the Picts. It is distinguished by clearness of
        style, and remarkable vigour and perspicuity, if we consider that the
        writer was then in his sixty-eighth year, relatively a much greater age
        then than now.

        Saint Ceolfrith is commemorated on the date of his repose, September 25.
        The translation of his relics is celebrated on October 8.

        The above Life from
        http://tinyurl.com/bpppw


        Icon of St. Ceolfrith-Geoffrey
        http://tinyurl.com/agrlc


        Troparion of St Geoffrey Tone 2
        Rejoice, Christians of Northumbria, for the Lord hath brought forth a
        holy one from your midst. He tended monasticism and learning as a
        precious vine, bearing abundant fruit to the glory of God. Now that the
        name of Saint Geoffrey is inscribed in the Book of Life, pray with us
        that he may intercede for us all.

        -oOo-

        Paschal dating in Pictland: Abbot Ceolfrid's letter to King Nechtan

        Abstract

        The letter from Abbot Ceolfrid of Wearmouth-Jarrow to Nechtan mac Der-Ilei,
        King of the Picts1
        http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCGN2LIggw#1
        (*Naiton rex Pictorum*), is included in one of the longest chapters of
        Bede's *Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum*.
        http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCGN2LIggw#2

        Bede completed the *Historia* around 731 and Abbot Ceolfrid's retirement and
        subsequent death in 716 therefore provides a *terminus ante quem* for
        Ceolfrid's letter to Nechtan.
        http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCGN2LIggw#3

        Bede's inclusion of this letter provides one of the few direct contemporary
        references to a Pictish king from which we can gain an understanding of the
        cultural interactions between the northern kingdoms of Britain. The letter
        deals with the fundamental issues of paschal dating and tonsure in an
        immediate and particular discourse that highlights the growing desire for
        communal celebration in the churches of northern Britain. My aim in this
        paper is to analyse the content of Ceolfrid's letter and the context in
        which it was written and received.

        The paper can be read in full here:
        http://home.vicnet.net.au/~medieval/jaema2/grigg.html
        **




        St. Caian of Tregaian in Anglesey, Wales,
        Son of Saint Brychan of Brecknock
        ------------------------------------------------------

        Troparion of St Caian tone 8
        The noble Brychan, obeying God's will, bestowed on the Church a galaxy
        of saints to illumine our land./ As in Angelsey thou didst labour for
        Christ, O holy Caian,/ cease not in thy labour of prayer that we may be
        granted salvation for our souls.



        Lives kindly supplied by:
        Orthodox Ireland Saints
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/
        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow * St. Caian of Tregaian *
        Message 3 of 11 , Sep 24, 2011
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow
          * St. Caian of Tregaian
          * St. Findbar of Cork
          * St. Cadoc of Llancarfan
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Ceolfrith (Geoffrey)
          Abbot and Confessor of Wearmouth and Jarrow
          -------------------------------------------------------------------
          Saint Ceolfrith, or Geoffrey, the friend and spiritual son of Saint
          Benedict Biscop (January 12), was born about the year 642, and was
          probably a native of the kingdom of Northumbria.

          He is first mentioned in 674 as aiding Benedict in the foundation of the
          abbey of Wearmouth, and about the year 678 he accompanied him to Rome. A
          little later - about the year 681 - Ceolfrith was an active, learned and
          zealous man, and worthy to be the successor of Benedict. He doubled the
          large library which had been formed by his predecessor, and increased
          the number of monks to six hundred. He also enriched the monastery, by
          obtaining from King Aldfrith a grant of lands on the river "Fresca,"
          which were afterwards exchanged for an estate nearer the monastery, at a
          place then called "Sambuce." By some monks whom he sent to Rome,
          Ceolfrith obtained from Pope Sergios a new charter of privileges for the
          monastery, or rather a renewal of those which had been given to Benedict
          by Pope Agatho.

          Saint Ceolfrith continued to preside over the two monasteries of
          Wearmouth and Jarrow during twenty-six years, and he appears to have
          occupied himself exclusively with his monks in study and teaching. The
          celebrity of his school, in which Bede imbibed his great learning, was
          very extensive; and in 701, the Pope sent a messenger to invite one of
          his monks to advise him in deciding certain ecclesiastical questions of
          great difficulty.

          A few years afterwards (about 710), Ceolfrith's advice was sought by
          Naitan, King of the Picts, who had become a convert to the Orthodox
          Pascha and the Roman form of tonsure; and, at the earnest solicitation
          of that prince, he sent him a letter setting forth the arguments on
          which this was founded, and along with it architects to build a stone
          church after the West Roman style. This letter has been preserved by
          Bede.

          When age and sickness announced to Ceolfrith the near approach of death,
          he was suddenly seized with the desire of ending his days in the
          Apostolic city of Rome. Bede, who was probably one of the actors in it,
          describes very particularly the emotional scene of parting. The monks
          urged Ceolfrith to stay, for they saw that he lacked the strength for so
          long a journey, and they feared that he would die on the way; but their
          efforts were in vain. On Thursday, the 4th day of June, 716,
          immediately after the first liturgical service of the day had been
          celebrated, Ceolfrith prepared for his departure, amid the lamentations
          of those with whom he had passed so many tranquil years.

          The monks, about six hundred in number, were assembled in the church at
          Wearmouth, and Ceolfrith, after having prayed, stood by the altar,
          holding in his hand the censer with burning incense, and gave them his
          peace. Then they left the church and moved towards the shore, their
          chants being frequently interrupted by loud sobs. When they came to the
          dormitory, Ceolfrith entered the oratory of Saint Lawrence, which stood
          there, and delivered his last admonition, urging the monks to persevere
          in
          brotherly love, to keep strict discipline, and to be constant in their
          duties to God, and he ended by requesting their prayers for himself.

          On the bank of the river Tyne he gave them severally the kiss of peace,
          and they then fell on their knees and received his blessing. He was
          accompanied across the river by the deacons of the church, bearing
          lighted tapers and the cross of gold. When he reached the opposite
          shore, he venerated the cross, and then mounted the horse which was to
          carry him to the place of embarkation.

          On their return to Wearmouth, the first care of the monks was the
          election of a successor, and their new abbot, named Hwaetbert, was
          immediately dispatched, with a few of the brethren, to see Ceolfrith for
          the last time. They found him on the coast waiting for a ship; since his
          departure from amongst them, he approved their choice and confirmed
          their election, and
          then received from the new abbot a commendatory letter to Pope Gregory.

          The apprehensions of the monks were soon verified; for after journeying
          slowly through Gaul, as he was approaching the city of Langres
          (Lingonas), in the diocese of Lyon, on the 25th of September of the same
          year, Ceolfrith became suddenly so feeble that his attendants were
          obliged to halt in the midst of the fields, where he died almost
          immediately.

          His body was deposited in the monastery of the Twin Martyrs, in the
          southern suburb of the city, and his companions returned to England to
          bear the tidings to his friends. Bede, who gives the date of Ceolfrith's
          death, tells us that he was then seventy-four years of age, and that he
          had been forty-seven years a presbyter and thirty-five years an abbot,
          including, of course, the period during which he presided only over the
          monastery of Jarrow.

          His holy relics were afterwards removed from Langres, and carried to
          Wearmouth; and at a subsequent period, on the approach of the Danes, who
          reduced that monastery to ruins, they were again taken up by the monks,
          and, with those of the Abbess Hilda, finally deposited at Glastonbury.

          ********************************************************
          "When the Church in the British Isles begins to venerate her own saints,
          the Church will prosper" ~ Saint Arsenios of Cappadocia
          ********************************************************

          Ceolfrith would merit a place among the Anglo-Saxon writers if he had
          written nothing but the letter, or tract, on the observance of Pascha,
          addressed to the King of the Picts. It is distinguished by clearness of
          style, and remarkable vigour and perspicuity, if we consider that the
          writer was then in his sixty-eighth year, relatively a much greater age
          then than now.

          Saint Ceolfrith is commemorated on the date of his repose, September 25.
          The translation of his relics is celebrated on October 8.

          The above Life from
          http://tinyurl.com/bpppw


          Icon of St. Ceolfrith-Geoffrey
          http://tinyurl.com/agrlc


          Troparion of St Geoffrey Tone 2
          Rejoice, Christians of Northumbria, for the Lord hath brought forth a
          holy one from your midst. He tended monasticism and learning as a
          precious vine, bearing abundant fruit to the glory of God. Now that the
          name of Saint Geoffrey is inscribed in the Book of Life, pray with us
          that he may intercede for us all.

          -oOo-

          Paschal dating in Pictland: Abbot Ceolfrid's letter to King Nechtan

          Abstract

          The letter from Abbot Ceolfrid of Wearmouth-Jarrow to Nechtan mac Der-Ilei,
          King of the Picts1
          http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCGN2LIggw#1
          http://tinyurl.com/3v4qjbt
          (*Naiton rex Pictorum*), is included in one of the longest chapters of
          Bede's *Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum*.
          http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCGN2LIggw#2
          http://tinyurl.com/3fhllzs

          Bede completed the *Historia* around 731 and Abbot Ceolfrid's retirement and
          subsequent death in 716 therefore provides a *terminus ante quem* for
          Ceolfrid's letter to Nechtan.
          http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCGN2LIggw#3
          http://tinyurl.com/3j4br5m

          Bede's inclusion of this letter provides one of the few direct contemporary
          references to a Pictish king from which we can gain an understanding of the
          cultural interactions between the northern kingdoms of Britain. The letter
          deals with the fundamental issues of paschal dating and tonsure in an
          immediate and particular discourse that highlights the growing desire for
          communal celebration in the churches of northern Britain. My aim in this
          paper is to analyse the content of Ceolfrid's letter and the context in
          which it was written and received.

          The paper can be read in full here:
          http://home.vicnet.net.au/~medieval/jaema2/grigg.html
          **




          St. Caian of Tregaian in Anglesey, Wales,
          Son of Saint Brychan of Brecknock
          ------------------------------------------------------

          Troparion of St Caian tone 8
          The noble Brychan, obeying God's will, bestowed on the Church a galaxy
          of saints to illumine our land./ As in Angelsey thou didst labour for
          Christ, O holy Caian,/ cease not in thy labour of prayer that we may be
          granted salvation for our souls.



          Lives kindly supplied by:
          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/
          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow * St. Caian of Tregaian *
          Message 4 of 11 , Sep 26, 2013
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 25 September

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Ceolfrith of Wearmouth and Jarrow
            * St. Caian of Tregaian
            * St. Findbar of Cork
            * St. Cadoc of Llancarfan
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Ceolfrith (Geoffrey)
            Abbot and Confessor of Wearmouth and Jarrow
            -------------------------------------------------------------------
            Saint Ceolfrith, or Geoffrey, the friend and spiritual son of Saint
            Benedict Biscop (January 12), was born about the year 642, and was
            probably a native of the kingdom of Northumbria.

            He is first mentioned in 674 as aiding Benedict in the foundation of the
            abbey of Wearmouth, and about the year 678 he accompanied him to Rome. A
            little later - about the year 681 - Ceolfrith was an active, learned and
            zealous man, and worthy to be the successor of Benedict. He doubled the
            large library which had been formed by his predecessor, and increased
            the number of monks to six hundred. He also enriched the monastery, by
            obtaining from King Aldfrith a grant of lands on the river "Fresca,"
            which were afterwards exchanged for an estate nearer the monastery, at a
            place then called "Sambuce." By some monks whom he sent to Rome,
            Ceolfrith obtained from Pope Sergios a new charter of privileges for the
            monastery, or rather a renewal of those which had been given to Benedict
            by Pope Agatho.

            Saint Ceolfrith continued to preside over the two monasteries of
            Wearmouth and Jarrow during twenty-six years, and he appears to have
            occupied himself exclusively with his monks in study and teaching. The
            celebrity of his school, in which Bede imbibed his great learning, was
            very extensive; and in 701, the Pope sent a messenger to invite one of
            his monks to advise him in deciding certain ecclesiastical questions of
            great difficulty.

            A few years afterwards (about 710), Ceolfrith's advice was sought by
            Naitan, King of the Picts, who had become a convert to the Orthodox
            Pascha and the Roman form of tonsure; and, at the earnest solicitation
            of that prince, he sent him a letter setting forth the arguments on
            which this was founded, and along with it architects to build a stone
            church after the West Roman style. This letter has been preserved by
            Bede.

            When age and sickness announced to Ceolfrith the near approach of death,
            he was suddenly seized with the desire of ending his days in the
            Apostolic city of Rome. Bede, who was probably one of the actors in it,
            describes very particularly the emotional scene of parting. The monks
            urged Ceolfrith to stay, for they saw that he lacked the strength for so
            long a journey, and they feared that he would die on the way; but their
            efforts were in vain. On Thursday, the 4th day of June, 716,
            immediately after the first liturgical service of the day had been
            celebrated, Ceolfrith prepared for his departure, amid the lamentations
            of those with whom he had passed so many tranquil years.

            The monks, about six hundred in number, were assembled in the church at
            Wearmouth, and Ceolfrith, after having prayed, stood by the altar,
            holding in his hand the censer with burning incense, and gave them his
            peace. Then they left the church and moved towards the shore, their
            chants being frequently interrupted by loud sobs. When they came to the
            dormitory, Ceolfrith entered the oratory of Saint Lawrence, which stood
            there, and delivered his last admonition, urging the monks to persevere
            in
            brotherly love, to keep strict discipline, and to be constant in their
            duties to God, and he ended by requesting their prayers for himself.

            On the bank of the river Tyne he gave them severally the kiss of peace,
            and they then fell on their knees and received his blessing. He was
            accompanied across the river by the deacons of the church, bearing
            lighted tapers and the cross of gold. When he reached the opposite
            shore, he venerated the cross, and then mounted the horse which was to
            carry him to the place of embarkation.

            On their return to Wearmouth, the first care of the monks was the
            election of a successor, and their new abbot, named Hwaetbert, was
            immediately dispatched, with a few of the brethren, to see Ceolfrith for
            the last time. They found him on the coast waiting for a ship; since his
            departure from amongst them, he approved their choice and confirmed
            their election, and
            then received from the new abbot a commendatory letter to Pope Gregory.

            The apprehensions of the monks were soon verified; for after journeying
            slowly through Gaul, as he was approaching the city of Langres
            (Lingonas), in the diocese of Lyon, on the 25th of September of the same
            year, Ceolfrith became suddenly so feeble that his attendants were
            obliged to halt in the midst of the fields, where he died almost
            immediately.

            His body was deposited in the monastery of the Twin Martyrs, in the
            southern suburb of the city, and his companions returned to England to
            bear the tidings to his friends. Bede, who gives the date of Ceolfrith's
            death, tells us that he was then seventy-four years of age, and that he
            had been forty-seven years a presbyter and thirty-five years an abbot,
            including, of course, the period during which he presided only over the
            monastery of Jarrow.

            His holy relics were afterwards removed from Langres, and carried to
            Wearmouth; and at a subsequent period, on the approach of the Danes, who
            reduced that monastery to ruins, they were again taken up by the monks,
            and, with those of the Abbess Hilda, finally deposited at Glastonbury.

            ********************************************************
            "When the Church in the British Isles begins to venerate her own saints,
            the Church will prosper" ~ Saint Arsenios of Cappadocia
            ********************************************************

            Ceolfrith would merit a place among the Anglo-Saxon writers if he had
            written nothing but the letter, or tract, on the observance of Pascha,
            addressed to the King of the Picts. It is distinguished by clearness of
            style, and remarkable vigour and perspicuity, if we consider that the
            writer was then in his sixty-eighth year, relatively a much greater age
            then than now.

            Saint Ceolfrith is commemorated on the date of his repose, September 25.
            The translation of his relics is celebrated on October 8.

            The above Life from
            http://tinyurl.com/bpppw


            Icon of St. Ceolfrith-Geoffrey
            http://tinyurl.com/agrlc


            Troparion of St Geoffrey Tone 2
            Rejoice, Christians of Northumbria, for the Lord hath brought forth a
            holy one from your midst. He tended monasticism and learning as a
            precious vine, bearing abundant fruit to the glory of God. Now that the
            name of Saint Geoffrey is inscribed in the Book of Life, pray with us
            that he may intercede for us all.

            -oOo-

            Paschal dating in Pictland: Abbot Ceolfrid's letter to King Nechtan

            Abstract

            The letter from Abbot Ceolfrid of Wearmouth-Jarrow to Nechtan mac Der-Ilei,
            King of the Picts1
            http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCG\
            N2LIggw#1
            http://tinyurl.com/3v4qjbt
            (*Naiton rex Pictorum*), is included in one of the longest chapters of
            Bede's *Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum*.
            http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCG\
            N2LIggw#2
            http://tinyurl.com/3fhllzs

            Bede completed the *Historia* around 731 and Abbot Ceolfrid's retirement and
            subsequent death in 716 therefore provides a *terminus ante quem* for
            Ceolfrid's letter to Nechtan.
            http://mail.google.com/mail/?ui=2&view=js&name=js&ver=L0TusViboKI&am=X_E4pcT3fCG\
            N2LIggw#3
            http://tinyurl.com/3j4br5m

            Bede's inclusion of this letter provides one of the few direct contemporary
            references to a Pictish king from which we can gain an understanding of the
            cultural interactions between the northern kingdoms of Britain. The letter
            deals with the fundamental issues of paschal dating and tonsure in an
            immediate and particular discourse that highlights the growing desire for
            communal celebration in the churches of northern Britain. My aim in this
            paper is to analyse the content of Ceolfrid's letter and the context in
            which it was written and received.

            The paper can be read in full here:
            http://home.vicnet.net.au/~medieval/jaema2/grigg.html
            **




            St. Caian of Tregaian in Anglesey, Wales,
            Son of Saint Brychan of Brecknock
            ------------------------------------------------------

            Troparion of St Caian tone 8
            The noble Brychan, obeying God's will, bestowed on the Church a galaxy
            of saints to illumine our land./ As in Angelsey thou didst labour for
            Christ, O holy Caian,/ cease not in thy labour of prayer that we may be
            granted salvation for our souls.


            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
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