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15 February

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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
    Message 1 of 15 , Feb 13, 2001
      Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Berach of Cluain
      * St. Dochow of Wales
      * St. Farannan of Iona
      * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
      * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
      * St. Tanco of Werden
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
      (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
      -------------------------------------------------------
      6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
      of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
      Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
      patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

      Troparion of St Berach tone 1
      Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
      Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
      many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
      our souls may be saved.

      Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
      Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
      hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
      salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


      St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
      ---------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
      from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
      Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
      altogether (Benedictines).


      St. Farannan, Abbot
      -----------------------------
      Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
      He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
      All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
      (Benedictines).



      St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
      (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
      ------------------------------------------
      Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo†, Sweden, c. 1045.

      Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
      Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
      Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
      Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
      Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
      King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
      and John.

      They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
      (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
      in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
      but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
      wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
      centuries later.

      There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
      laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
      converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
      followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
      called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
      the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

      Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
      attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
      used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
      preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
      worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
      of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
      and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
      baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
      Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
      channel of many miracles.

      Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
      neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
      he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
      Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
      efforts.

      Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
      Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
      A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
      perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
      barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
      putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
      buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

      Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
      still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
      the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
      answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
      dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
      shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
      murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
      lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
      guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
      it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
      rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
      he was invincible.

      The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
      insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
      old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
      Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
      called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
      office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
      Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth,
      Walsh).

      Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
      the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
      or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
      him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
      represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
      are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



      Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
      ----------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 1040. [No this isn't a rock group!] Rather this trio of nephews
      of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed their uncle to the Swedish mission.
      The monks were martyred at Wexlow (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies
      were buried deep in the forest but the heads, which had been thrown into
      the nearby lake, were recovered and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo
      until the Lutherans removed them. These three are venerated in Sweden
      (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



      St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
      ----------------------------------------------------
      (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
      Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
      Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
      hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
      (Benedictines).


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
      Message 2 of 15 , Feb 13, 2002
        Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Berach of Cluain
        * St. Dochow of Wales
        * St. Farannan of Iona
        * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
        * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
        * St. Tanco of Werden
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
        (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
        -------------------------------------------------------
        6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
        of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
        Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
        patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

        Troparion of St Berach tone 1
        Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
        Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
        many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
        our souls may be saved.

        Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
        Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
        hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
        salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


        St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
        ---------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
        from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
        Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
        altogether (Benedictines).


        St. Farannan, Abbot
        -----------------------------
        Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
        He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
        All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
        (Benedictines).



        St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
        (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
        ------------------------------------------
        Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

        Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
        Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
        Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
        Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
        Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
        King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
        and John.

        They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
        (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
        in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
        but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
        wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
        centuries later.

        There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
        laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
        converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
        followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
        called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
        the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

        Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
        attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
        used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
        preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
        worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
        of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
        and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
        baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
        Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
        channel of many miracles.

        Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
        neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
        he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
        Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
        efforts.

        Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
        Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
        A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
        perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
        barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
        putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
        buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

        Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
        still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
        the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
        answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
        dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
        shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
        murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
        lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
        guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
        it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
        rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
        he was invincible.

        The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
        insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
        old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
        Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
        called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
        office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
        Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

        Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
        the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
        or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
        him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
        represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
        are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



        Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
        ----------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
        their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
        (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
        the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
        and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
        them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



        St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
        ----------------------------------------------------
        (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
        Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
        Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
        hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
        (Benedictines).


        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrós
        Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
        Message 3 of 15 , Feb 13, 2003
          Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Berach of Cluain
          * St. Dochow of Wales
          * St. Farannan of Iona
          * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
          * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
          * St. Tanco of Werden
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
          (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
          -------------------------------------------------------
          6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
          of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
          Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
          patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

          Troparion of St Berach tone 1
          Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
          Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
          many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
          our souls may be saved.

          Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
          Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
          hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
          salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


          St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
          ---------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
          from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
          Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
          altogether (Benedictines).


          St. Farannan, Abbot
          -----------------------------
          Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
          He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
          All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
          (Benedictines).



          St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
          (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
          ------------------------------------------
          Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

          Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
          Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
          Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
          Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
          Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
          King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
          and John.

          They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
          (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
          in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
          but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
          wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
          centuries later.

          There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
          laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
          converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
          followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
          called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
          the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

          Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
          attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
          used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
          preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
          worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
          of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
          and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
          baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
          Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
          channel of many miracles.

          Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
          neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
          he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
          Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
          efforts.

          Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
          Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
          A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
          perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
          barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
          putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
          buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

          Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
          still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
          the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
          answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
          dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
          shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
          murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
          lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
          guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
          it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
          rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
          he was invincible.

          The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
          insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
          old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
          Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
          called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
          office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
          Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

          Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
          the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
          or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
          him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
          represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
          are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



          Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
          ----------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
          their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
          (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
          the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
          and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
          them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



          St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
          ----------------------------------------------------
          (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
          Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
          Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
          hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
          (Benedictines).


          Lives kindly supplied by:
          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

          Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
          Message 4 of 15 , Feb 13, 2004
            Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Berach of Cluain
            * St. Dochow of Wales
            * St. Farannan of Iona
            * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
            * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
            * St. Tanco of Werden
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
            (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
            -------------------------------------------------------
            6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
            of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
            Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
            patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

            Troparion of St Berach tone 1
            Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
            Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
            many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
            our souls may be saved.

            Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
            Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
            hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
            salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


            St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
            ---------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
            from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
            Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
            altogether (Benedictines).


            St. Farannan, Abbot
            -----------------------------
            Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
            He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
            All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
            (Benedictines).



            St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
            (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
            ------------------------------------------
            Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

            Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
            Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
            Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
            Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
            Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
            King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
            and John.

            They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
            (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
            in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
            but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
            wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
            centuries later.

            There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
            laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
            converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
            followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
            called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
            the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

            Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
            attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
            used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
            preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
            worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
            of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
            and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
            baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
            Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
            channel of many miracles.

            Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
            neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
            he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
            Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
            efforts.

            Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
            Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
            A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
            perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
            barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
            putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
            buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

            Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
            still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
            the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
            answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
            dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
            shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
            murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
            lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
            guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
            it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
            rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
            he was invincible.

            The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
            insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
            old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
            Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
            called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
            office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
            Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

            Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
            the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
            or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
            him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
            represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
            are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



            Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
            ----------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
            their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
            (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
            the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
            and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
            them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



            St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
            ----------------------------------------------------
            (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
            Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
            Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
            hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
            (Benedictines).


            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
            Message 5 of 15 , Feb 14, 2005
              Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Berach of Cluain
              * St. Dochow of Wales
              * St. Farannan of Iona
              * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
              * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
              * St. Tanco of Werden
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
              (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
              -------------------------------------------------------
              6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
              of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
              Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
              patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

              Troparion of St Berach tone 1
              Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
              Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
              many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
              our souls may be saved.

              Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
              Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
              hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
              salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


              St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
              ---------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
              from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
              Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
              altogether (Benedictines).


              St. Farannan, Abbot
              -----------------------------
              Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
              He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
              All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
              (Benedictines).



              St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
              (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
              ------------------------------------------
              Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

              Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
              Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
              Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
              Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
              Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
              King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
              and John.

              They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
              (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
              in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
              but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
              wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
              centuries later.

              There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
              laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
              converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
              followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
              called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
              the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

              Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
              attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
              used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
              preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
              worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
              of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
              and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
              baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
              Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
              channel of many miracles.

              Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
              neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
              he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
              Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
              efforts.

              Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
              Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
              A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
              perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
              barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
              putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
              buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

              Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
              still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
              the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
              answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
              dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
              shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
              murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
              lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
              guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
              it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
              rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
              he was invincible.

              The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
              insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
              old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
              Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
              called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
              office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
              Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

              Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
              the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
              or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
              him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
              represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
              are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



              Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
              ----------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
              their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
              (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
              the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
              and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
              them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



              St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
              ----------------------------------------------------
              (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
              Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
              Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
              hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
              (Benedictines).


              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
              Message 6 of 15 , Feb 14, 2006
                Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Berach of Cluain
                * St. Dochow of Wales
                * St. Farannan of Iona
                * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                * St. Tanco of Werden
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                -------------------------------------------------------
                6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                our souls may be saved.

                Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                ---------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                altogether (Benedictines).


                St. Farannan, Abbot
                -----------------------------
                Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                (Benedictines).



                St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                ------------------------------------------
                Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                and John.

                They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                centuries later.

                There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                channel of many miracles.

                Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                efforts.

                Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                he was invincible.

                The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                ----------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                ----------------------------------------------------
                (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                (Benedictines).


                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                Message 7 of 15 , Feb 14, 2007
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Berach of Cluain
                  * St. Dochow of Wales
                  * St. Farannan of Iona
                  * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                  * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                  * St. Tanco of Werden
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                  (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                  -------------------------------------------------------
                  6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                  of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                  Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                  patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                  Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                  Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                  Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                  many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                  our souls may be saved.

                  Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                  Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                  hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                  salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                  St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                  ---------------------------------------------
                  Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                  from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                  Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                  altogether (Benedictines).


                  St. Farannan, Abbot
                  -----------------------------
                  Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                  He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                  All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                  (Benedictines).



                  St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                  (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                  ------------------------------------------
                  Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                  Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                  Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                  Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                  Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                  Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                  King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                  and John.

                  They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                  (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                  in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                  but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                  wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                  centuries later.

                  There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                  laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                  converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                  followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                  called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                  the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                  Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                  attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                  used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                  preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                  worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                  of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                  and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                  baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                  Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                  channel of many miracles.

                  Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                  neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                  he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                  Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                  efforts.

                  Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                  Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                  A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                  perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                  barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                  putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                  buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                  Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                  still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                  the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                  answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                  dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                  shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                  murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                  lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                  guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                  it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                  rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                  he was invincible.

                  The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                  insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                  old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                  Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                  called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                  office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                  Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                  Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                  the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                  or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                  him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                  represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                  are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                  Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                  ----------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                  their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                  (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                  the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                  and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                  them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                  St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                  ----------------------------------------------------
                  (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                  Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                  Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                  hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                  (Benedictines).


                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ������������������������������������


                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                  Message 8 of 15 , Feb 14, 2008
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Berach of Cluain
                    * St. Dochow of Wales
                    * St. Farannan of Iona
                    * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                    * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                    * St. Tanco of Werden
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                    (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                    -------------------------------------------------------
                    6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                    of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                    Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                    patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                    Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                    Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                    Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                    many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                    our souls may be saved.

                    Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                    Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                    hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                    salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                    St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                    ---------------------------------------------
                    Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                    from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                    Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                    altogether (Benedictines).


                    St. Farannan, Abbot
                    -----------------------------
                    Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                    He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                    All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                    (Benedictines).



                    St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                    (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                    ------------------------------------------
                    Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                    Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                    Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                    Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                    Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                    Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                    King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                    and John.

                    They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                    (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                    in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                    but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                    wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                    centuries later.

                    There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                    laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                    converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                    followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                    called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                    the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                    Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                    attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                    used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                    preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                    worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                    of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                    and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                    baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                    Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                    channel of many miracles.

                    Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                    neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                    he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                    Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                    efforts.

                    Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                    Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                    A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                    perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                    barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                    putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                    buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                    Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                    still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                    the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                    answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                    dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                    shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                    murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                    lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                    guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                    it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                    rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                    he was invincible.

                    The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                    insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                    old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                    Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                    called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                    office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                    Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                    Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                    the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                    or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                    him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                    represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                    are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                    Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                    ----------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                    their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                    (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                    the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                    and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                    them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                    St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                    ----------------------------------------------------
                    (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                    Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                    Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                    hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                    (Benedictines).


                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                    Message 9 of 15 , Feb 14, 2009
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Berach of Cluain
                      * St. Dochow of Wales
                      * St. Farannan of Iona
                      * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                      * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                      * St. Tanco of Werden
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                      (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                      -------------------------------------------------------
                      6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                      of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                      Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                      patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                      Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                      Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                      Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                      many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                      our souls may be saved.

                      Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                      Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                      hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                      salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                      St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                      ---------------------------------------------
                      Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                      from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                      Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                      altogether (Benedictines).


                      St. Farannan, Abbot
                      -----------------------------
                      Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                      He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                      All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                      (Benedictines).



                      St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                      (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                      ------------------------------------------
                      Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                      Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                      Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                      Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                      Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                      Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                      King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                      and John.

                      They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                      (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                      in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                      but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                      wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                      centuries later.

                      There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                      laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                      converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                      followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                      called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                      the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                      Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                      attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                      used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                      preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                      worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                      of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                      and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                      baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                      Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                      channel of many miracles.

                      Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                      neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                      he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                      Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                      efforts.

                      Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                      Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                      A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                      perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                      barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                      putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                      buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                      Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                      still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                      the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                      answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                      dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                      shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                      murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                      lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                      guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                      it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                      rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                      he was invincible.

                      The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                      insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                      old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                      Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                      called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                      office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                      Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                      Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                      the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                      or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                      him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                      represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                      are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                      Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                      ----------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                      their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                      (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                      the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                      and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                      them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                      St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                      ----------------------------------------------------
                      (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                      Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                      Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                      hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                      (Benedictines).


                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • emrys@globe.net.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                      Message 10 of 15 , Feb 14, 2010
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Berach of Cluain
                        * St. Dochow of Wales
                        * St. Farannan of Iona
                        * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                        * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                        * St. Tanco of Werden
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                        (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                        -------------------------------------------------------
                        6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                        of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                        Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                        patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                        Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                        Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                        Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                        many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                        our souls may be saved.

                        Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                        Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                        hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                        salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                        St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                        ---------------------------------------------
                        Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                        from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                        Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                        altogether (Benedictines).


                        St. Farannan, Abbot
                        -----------------------------
                        Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                        He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                        All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                        (Benedictines).



                        St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                        (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                        ------------------------------------------
                        Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                        Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                        Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                        Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                        Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                        Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                        King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                        and John.

                        They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                        (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                        in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                        but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                        wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                        centuries later.

                        There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                        laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                        converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                        followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                        called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                        the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                        Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                        attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                        used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                        preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                        worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                        of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                        and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                        baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                        Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                        channel of many miracles.

                        Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                        neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                        he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                        Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                        efforts.

                        Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                        Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                        A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                        perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                        barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                        putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                        buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                        Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                        still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                        the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                        answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                        dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                        shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                        murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                        lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                        guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                        it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                        rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                        he was invincible.

                        The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                        insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                        old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                        Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                        called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                        office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                        Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                        Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                        the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                        or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                        him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                        represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                        are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                        Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                        ----------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                        their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                        (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                        the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                        and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                        them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                        St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                        ----------------------------------------------------
                        (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                        Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                        Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                        hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                        (Benedictines).


                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                        Message 11 of 15 , Feb 16, 2011
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Berach of Cluain
                          * St. Dochow of Wales
                          * St. Farannan of Iona
                          * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                          * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                          * St. Tanco of Werden
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                          (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                          -------------------------------------------------------
                          6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                          of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                          Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                          patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                          On the Feast of Saint Berach:

                          A righteous man was this man. He was all purity of nature like a patriarch;
                          a true pilgrim in heart and soul like Abraham; gentle and forgiving like
                          Moses; a psalmist worthy to be praised like David; a
                          moon (or treasury) of knowledge and wisdom like Solomon; a chosen vessel to
                          proclaim righteousness like Paul the apostle; a man full of grace and favour
                          of the Holy Spirit, like John the youth; a fair
                          garden with plants of virtue, a branch of a fruitful vine; a shining fire
                          all aglow to cherish and warm the sons of life in kindling and inflaming
                          love. A lion for might and power; a dove for gentleness and
                          simplicity, a serpent for prudence and ingenuity for good; gentle, humble,
                          merciful, lowly towards sons of life; dark and pitiless towards sons of
                          death; an industrious and obedient slave to Christ; a
                          king for dignity and power to bind and loose, to free and to enslave, to
                          kill and make alive. (89)

                          So then after these great miracles, after raising the dead, after healing
                          lepers and blind and lame, and every other plague, after ordaining bishops,
                          and priests, and deacons, and people of every other order in the Church,
                          after teaching and baptizing many, after founding churches and monasteries,
                          after overcoming the arts of idols and of druidism, the day of St. Berach's
                          death and of his going to heaven drew near. And before he went thither there
                          appeared an angel to him, and said to him, that the Lord had great care for
                          him, and for his monks and for his monastery; and said that whoever should
                          ask a righteous perfect petition of him, it should be granted to him; and
                          revealed to him the day of his going to heaven. (90)

                          Now Berach spent his life in fastings and prayer and almsgivings in the
                          presence of the Lord. He received communion and sacrifice from the hand of
                          Talmach [and commended] to him his inheritance and the
                          headship of his monastery and of his young ecclesiastics. He sent his spirit
                          to heaven, and his body was buried in the dark house (i. e. grave) with
                          great honour and reverence, and with miracles and mighty
                          works in this world; but greater far will be (his honour) in the (great)
                          Assize, when he will shine like the sun in heaven in the presence of the
                          apostles and disciples of Jesus, in the presence of the Divinity and
                          Humanity of the Son of God, in the presence of the sublime Trinity, Father,
                          Son, and Holy Spirit.

                          I pray the mercy of the Son of God Almighty through the intercession of St.
                          Berach whose festival and commemoration are (observed) in many noble
                          churches to-day, that we may attain, that we may merit, that we may inherit
                          the kingdom in secula seculorum. Amen. Finis.

                          'Life of Berach' in C. Plummer ed.and trans. Bethada Naem nErenn -
                          Lives of Irish Saints, Vol II, (Oxford, 1922), 42-43


                          Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                          Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                          Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                          many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                          our souls may be saved.

                          Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                          Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                          hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                          salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                          St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                          ---------------------------------------------
                          Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                          from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                          Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                          altogether (Benedictines).


                          St. Farannan, Abbot
                          -----------------------------
                          Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                          He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                          All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                          (Benedictines).



                          St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                          (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                          ------------------------------------------
                          Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                          Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                          Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                          Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                          Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                          Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                          King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                          and John.

                          They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                          (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                          in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                          but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                          wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                          centuries later.

                          There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                          laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                          converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                          followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                          called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                          the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                          Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                          attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                          used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                          preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                          worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                          of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                          and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                          baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                          Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                          channel of many miracles.

                          Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                          neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                          he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                          Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                          efforts.

                          Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                          Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                          A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                          perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                          barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                          putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                          buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                          Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                          still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                          the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                          answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                          dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                          shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                          murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                          lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                          guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                          it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                          rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                          he was invincible.

                          The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                          insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                          old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                          Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                          called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                          office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                          Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                          Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                          the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                          or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                          him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                          represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                          are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                          Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                          ----------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                          their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                          (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                          the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                          and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                          them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                          St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                          ----------------------------------------------------
                          (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                          Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                          Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                          hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                          (Benedictines).


                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                          Message 12 of 15 , Feb 15, 2012
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Berach of Cluain
                            * St. Dochow of Wales
                            * St. Farannan of Iona
                            * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                            * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                            * St. Tanco of Werden
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                            (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                            -------------------------------------------------------
                            6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                            of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                            Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                            patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                            On the Feast of Saint Berach:

                            A righteous man was this man. He was all purity of nature like a patriarch;
                            a true pilgrim in heart and soul like Abraham; gentle and forgiving like
                            Moses; a psalmist worthy to be praised like David; a
                            moon (or treasury) of knowledge and wisdom like Solomon; a chosen vessel to
                            proclaim righteousness like Paul the apostle; a man full of grace and favour
                            of the Holy Spirit, like John the youth; a fair
                            garden with plants of virtue, a branch of a fruitful vine; a shining fire
                            all aglow to cherish and warm the sons of life in kindling and inflaming
                            love. A lion for might and power; a dove for gentleness and
                            simplicity, a serpent for prudence and ingenuity for good; gentle, humble,
                            merciful, lowly towards sons of life; dark and pitiless towards sons of
                            death; an industrious and obedient slave to Christ; a
                            king for dignity and power to bind and loose, to free and to enslave, to
                            kill and make alive. (89)

                            So then after these great miracles, after raising the dead, after healing
                            lepers and blind and lame, and every other plague, after ordaining bishops,
                            and priests, and deacons, and people of every other order in the Church,
                            after teaching and baptizing many, after founding churches and monasteries,
                            after overcoming the arts of idols and of druidism, the day of St. Berach's
                            death and of his going to heaven drew near. And before he went thither there
                            appeared an angel to him, and said to him, that the Lord had great care for
                            him, and for his monks and for his monastery; and said that whoever should
                            ask a righteous perfect petition of him, it should be granted to him; and
                            revealed to him the day of his going to heaven. (90)

                            Now Berach spent his life in fastings and prayer and almsgivings in the
                            presence of the Lord. He received communion and sacrifice from the hand of
                            Talmach [and commended] to him his inheritance and the
                            headship of his monastery and of his young ecclesiastics. He sent his spirit
                            to heaven, and his body was buried in the dark house (i. e. grave) with
                            great honour and reverence, and with miracles and mighty
                            works in this world; but greater far will be (his honour) in the (great)
                            Assize, when he will shine like the sun in heaven in the presence of the
                            apostles and disciples of Jesus, in the presence of the Divinity and
                            Humanity of the Son of God, in the presence of the sublime Trinity, Father,
                            Son, and Holy Spirit.

                            I pray the mercy of the Son of God Almighty through the intercession of St.
                            Berach whose festival and commemoration are (observed) in many noble
                            churches to-day, that we may attain, that we may merit, that we may inherit
                            the kingdom in secula seculorum. Amen. Finis.

                            'Life of Berach' in C. Plummer ed.and trans. Bethada Naem nErenn -
                            Lives of Irish Saints, Vol II, (Oxford, 1922), 42-43


                            Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                            Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                            Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                            many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                            our souls may be saved.

                            Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                            Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                            hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                            salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                            St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                            ---------------------------------------------
                            Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                            from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                            Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                            altogether (Benedictines).


                            St. Farannan, Abbot
                            -----------------------------
                            Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                            He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                            All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                            (Benedictines).



                            St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                            (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                            ------------------------------------------
                            Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                            Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                            Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                            Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                            Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                            Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                            King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                            and John.

                            They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                            (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                            in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                            but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                            wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                            centuries later.

                            There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                            laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                            converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                            followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                            called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                            the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                            Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                            attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                            used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                            preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                            worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                            of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                            and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                            baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                            Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                            channel of many miracles.

                            Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                            neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                            he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                            Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                            efforts.

                            Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                            Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                            A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                            perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                            barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                            putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                            buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                            Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                            still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                            the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                            answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                            dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                            shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                            murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                            lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                            guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                            it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                            rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                            he was invincible.

                            The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                            insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                            old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                            Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                            called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                            office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                            Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                            Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                            the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                            or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                            him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                            represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                            are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                            Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                            ----------------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                            their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                            (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                            the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                            and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                            them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                            St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                            ----------------------------------------------------
                            (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                            Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                            Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                            hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                            (Benedictines).


                            For All the Saints:
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                            Message 13 of 15 , Feb 14, 2013
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                              * St. Berach of Cluain
                              * St. Dochow of Wales
                              * St. Farannan of Iona
                              * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                              * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                              * St. Tanco of Werden
                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                              St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                              (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                              -------------------------------------------------------
                              6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                              of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                              Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                              patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                              On the Feast of Saint Berach:

                              A righteous man was this man. He was all purity of nature like a patriarch;
                              a true pilgrim in heart and soul like Abraham; gentle and forgiving like
                              Moses; a psalmist worthy to be praised like David; a
                              moon (or treasury) of knowledge and wisdom like Solomon; a chosen vessel to
                              proclaim righteousness like Paul the apostle; a man full of grace and favour
                              of the Holy Spirit, like John the youth; a fair
                              garden with plants of virtue, a branch of a fruitful vine; a shining fire
                              all aglow to cherish and warm the sons of life in kindling and inflaming
                              love. A lion for might and power; a dove for gentleness and
                              simplicity, a serpent for prudence and ingenuity for good; gentle, humble,
                              merciful, lowly towards sons of life; dark and pitiless towards sons of
                              death; an industrious and obedient slave to Christ; a
                              king for dignity and power to bind and loose, to free and to enslave, to
                              kill and make alive. (89)

                              So then after these great miracles, after raising the dead, after healing
                              lepers and blind and lame, and every other plague, after ordaining bishops,
                              and priests, and deacons, and people of every other order in the Church,
                              after teaching and baptizing many, after founding churches and monasteries,
                              after overcoming the arts of idols and of druidism, the day of St. Berach's
                              death and of his going to heaven drew near. And before he went thither there
                              appeared an angel to him, and said to him, that the Lord had great care for
                              him, and for his monks and for his monastery; and said that whoever should
                              ask a righteous perfect petition of him, it should be granted to him; and
                              revealed to him the day of his going to heaven. (90)

                              Now Berach spent his life in fastings and prayer and almsgivings in the
                              presence of the Lord. He received communion and sacrifice from the hand of
                              Talmach [and commended] to him his inheritance and the
                              headship of his monastery and of his young ecclesiastics. He sent his spirit
                              to heaven, and his body was buried in the dark house (i. e. grave) with
                              great honour and reverence, and with miracles and mighty
                              works in this world; but greater far will be (his honour) in the (great)
                              Assize, when he will shine like the sun in heaven in the presence of the
                              apostles and disciples of Jesus, in the presence of the Divinity and
                              Humanity of the Son of God, in the presence of the sublime Trinity, Father,
                              Son, and Holy Spirit.

                              I pray the mercy of the Son of God Almighty through the intercession of St.
                              Berach whose festival and commemoration are (observed) in many noble
                              churches to-day, that we may attain, that we may merit, that we may inherit
                              the kingdom in secula seculorum. Amen. Finis.

                              'Life of Berach' in C. Plummer ed.and trans. Bethada Naem nErenn -
                              Lives of Irish Saints, Vol II, (Oxford, 1922), 42-43


                              Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                              Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                              Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                              many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                              our souls may be saved.

                              Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                              Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                              hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                              salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                              St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                              ---------------------------------------------
                              Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                              from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                              Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                              altogether (Benedictines).


                              St. Farannan, Abbot
                              -----------------------------
                              Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                              He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                              All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                              (Benedictines).



                              St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                              (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                              ------------------------------------------
                              Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                              Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                              Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                              Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                              Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                              Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                              King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                              and John.

                              They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                              (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                              in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                              but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                              wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                              centuries later.

                              There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                              laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                              converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                              followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                              called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                              the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                              Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                              attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                              used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                              preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                              worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                              of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                              and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                              baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                              Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                              channel of many miracles.

                              Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                              neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                              he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                              Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                              efforts.

                              Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                              Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                              A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                              perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                              barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                              putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                              buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                              Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                              still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                              the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                              answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                              dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                              shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                              murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                              lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                              guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                              it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                              rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                              he was invincible.

                              The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                              insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                              old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                              Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                              called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                              office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                              Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                              Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                              the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                              or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                              him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                              represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                              are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                              Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                              ----------------------------------------------------
                              Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                              their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                              (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                              the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                              and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                              them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                              St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                              ----------------------------------------------------
                              (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                              Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                              Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                              hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                              (Benedictines).

                              For All the Saints: - new active link
                              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                              http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                              These Lives are archived at:
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                              Message 14 of 15 , Feb 14, 2013
                                Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                                * St. Berach of Cluain
                                * St. Dochow of Wales
                                * St. Farannan of Iona
                                * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                                * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                                * St. Tanco of Werden
                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                                St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                                (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                                -------------------------------------------------------
                                6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                                of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                                Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                                patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                                On the Feast of Saint Berach:

                                A righteous man was this man. He was all purity of nature like a patriarch;
                                a true pilgrim in heart and soul like Abraham; gentle and forgiving like
                                Moses; a psalmist worthy to be praised like David; a
                                moon (or treasury) of knowledge and wisdom like Solomon; a chosen vessel to
                                proclaim righteousness like Paul the apostle; a man full of grace and favour
                                of the Holy Spirit, like John the youth; a fair
                                garden with plants of virtue, a branch of a fruitful vine; a shining fire
                                all aglow to cherish and warm the sons of life in kindling and inflaming
                                love. A lion for might and power; a dove for gentleness and
                                simplicity, a serpent for prudence and ingenuity for good; gentle, humble,
                                merciful, lowly towards sons of life; dark and pitiless towards sons of
                                death; an industrious and obedient slave to Christ; a
                                king for dignity and power to bind and loose, to free and to enslave, to
                                kill and make alive. (89)

                                So then after these great miracles, after raising the dead, after healing
                                lepers and blind and lame, and every other plague, after ordaining bishops,
                                and priests, and deacons, and people of every other order in the Church,
                                after teaching and baptizing many, after founding churches and monasteries,
                                after overcoming the arts of idols and of druidism, the day of St. Berach's
                                death and of his going to heaven drew near. And before he went thither there
                                appeared an angel to him, and said to him, that the Lord had great care for
                                him, and for his monks and for his monastery; and said that whoever should
                                ask a righteous perfect petition of him, it should be granted to him; and
                                revealed to him the day of his going to heaven. (90)

                                Now Berach spent his life in fastings and prayer and almsgivings in the
                                presence of the Lord. He received communion and sacrifice from the hand of
                                Talmach [and commended] to him his inheritance and the
                                headship of his monastery and of his young ecclesiastics. He sent his spirit
                                to heaven, and his body was buried in the dark house (i. e. grave) with
                                great honour and reverence, and with miracles and mighty
                                works in this world; but greater far will be (his honour) in the (great)
                                Assize, when he will shine like the sun in heaven in the presence of the
                                apostles and disciples of Jesus, in the presence of the Divinity and
                                Humanity of the Son of God, in the presence of the sublime Trinity, Father,
                                Son, and Holy Spirit.

                                I pray the mercy of the Son of God Almighty through the intercession of St.
                                Berach whose festival and commemoration are (observed) in many noble
                                churches to-day, that we may attain, that we may merit, that we may inherit
                                the kingdom in secula seculorum. Amen. Finis.

                                'Life of Berach' in C. Plummer ed.and trans. Bethada Naem nErenn -
                                Lives of Irish Saints, Vol II, (Oxford, 1922), 42-43


                                Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                                Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                                Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                                many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                                our souls may be saved.

                                Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                                Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                                hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                                salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                                St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                                ---------------------------------------------
                                Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                                from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                                Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                                altogether (Benedictines).


                                St. Farannan, Abbot
                                -----------------------------
                                Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                                He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                                All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                                (Benedictines).



                                St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                                (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                                ------------------------------------------
                                Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                                Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                                Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                                Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                                Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                                Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                                King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                                and John.

                                They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                                (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                                in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                                but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                                wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                                centuries later.

                                There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                                laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                                converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                                followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                                called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                                the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                                Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                                attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                                used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                                preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                                worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                                of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                                and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                                baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                                Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                                channel of many miracles.

                                Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                                neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                                he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                                Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                                efforts.

                                Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                                Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                                A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                                perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                                barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                                putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                                buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                                Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                                still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                                the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                                answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                                dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                                shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                                murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                                lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                                guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                                it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                                rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                                he was invincible.

                                The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                                insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                                old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                                Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                                called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                                office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                                Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                                Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                                the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                                or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                                him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                                represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                                are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                                Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                                ----------------------------------------------------
                                Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                                their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                                (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                                the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                                and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                                them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                                St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                                ----------------------------------------------------
                                (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                                Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                                Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                                hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                                (Benedictines).

                                For All the Saints: - new active link
                                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                                http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                                These Lives are archived at:
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                              • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                                Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Berach of Cluain * St. Dochow of Wales * St.
                                Message 15 of 15 , Feb 15, 2014
                                  Celtic and Old English Saints 15 February

                                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                                  * St. Berach of Cluain
                                  * St. Dochow of Wales
                                  * St. Farannan of Iona
                                  * St. Sigfrid of Wexlow
                                  * Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman
                                  * St. Tanco of Werden
                                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                                  St. Berach of Cluain, Abbot
                                  (also known as Barachias, Berachius, Barry)
                                  -------------------------------------------------------
                                  6th century. From the time of his birth, Berach was placed in the care
                                  of his uncle, Saint Freoch. Later in life he became a disciple of Saint
                                  Kevin and founded an abbey at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught. He is the
                                  patron saint of Kilbarry, County Dublin (Benedictines).

                                  On the Feast of Saint Berach:

                                  A righteous man was this man. He was all purity of nature like a patriarch;
                                  a true pilgrim in heart and soul like Abraham; gentle and forgiving like
                                  Moses; a psalmist worthy to be praised like David; a
                                  moon (or treasury) of knowledge and wisdom like Solomon; a chosen vessel to
                                  proclaim righteousness like Paul the apostle; a man full of grace and favour
                                  of the Holy Spirit, like John the youth; a fair
                                  garden with plants of virtue, a branch of a fruitful vine; a shining fire
                                  all aglow to cherish and warm the sons of life in kindling and inflaming
                                  love. A lion for might and power; a dove for gentleness and
                                  simplicity, a serpent for prudence and ingenuity for good; gentle, humble,
                                  merciful, lowly towards sons of life; dark and pitiless towards sons of
                                  death; an industrious and obedient slave to Christ; a
                                  king for dignity and power to bind and loose, to free and to enslave, to
                                  kill and make alive. (89)

                                  So then after these great miracles, after raising the dead, after healing
                                  lepers and blind and lame, and every other plague, after ordaining bishops,
                                  and priests, and deacons, and people of every other order in the Church,
                                  after teaching and baptizing many, after founding churches and monasteries,
                                  after overcoming the arts of idols and of druidism, the day of St. Berach's
                                  death and of his going to heaven drew near. And before he went thither there
                                  appeared an angel to him, and said to him, that the Lord had great care for
                                  him, and for his monks and for his monastery; and said that whoever should
                                  ask a righteous perfect petition of him, it should be granted to him; and
                                  revealed to him the day of his going to heaven. (90)

                                  Now Berach spent his life in fastings and prayer and almsgivings in the
                                  presence of the Lord. He received communion and sacrifice from the hand of
                                  Talmach [and commended] to him his inheritance and the
                                  headship of his monastery and of his young ecclesiastics. He sent his spirit
                                  to heaven, and his body was buried in the dark house (i. e. grave) with
                                  great honour and reverence, and with miracles and mighty
                                  works in this world; but greater far will be (his honour) in the (great)
                                  Assize, when he will shine like the sun in heaven in the presence of the
                                  apostles and disciples of Jesus, in the presence of the Divinity and
                                  Humanity of the Son of God, in the presence of the sublime Trinity, Father,
                                  Son, and Holy Spirit.

                                  I pray the mercy of the Son of God Almighty through the intercession of St.
                                  Berach whose festival and commemoration are (observed) in many noble
                                  churches to-day, that we may attain, that we may merit, that we may inherit
                                  the kingdom in secula seculorum. Amen. Finis.

                                  'Life of Berach' in C. Plummer ed.and trans. Bethada Naem nErenn -
                                  Lives of Irish Saints, Vol II, (Oxford, 1922), 42-43


                                  Troparion of St Berach tone 1
                                  Disciple of our Father Kevin,/ teacher of true piety and radiance of all
                                  Connaught, O Father Berach,/ by thy life and example thou didst bring
                                  many souls to Christ./ Wherefore we pray thee to intercede for us that
                                  our souls may be saved.

                                  Kontakion of St Berach tone 4
                                  Bright jewel in the crown of Erin's saints, great Father Berach,/ we
                                  hymn thee and pray for the fortitude to follow thy steep path to
                                  salvation,/ ever praising thy most glorious memory.


                                  St. Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn)
                                  ---------------------------------------------
                                  Date unknown. According to the life of Saint Samson, Dochow travelled
                                  from Wales to Cornwall and founded a monastery there. In the Ulster
                                  Annal, he is styled bishop. Saint Dochtwy appears to be another saint
                                  altogether (Benedictines).


                                  St. Farannan, Abbot
                                  -----------------------------
                                  Died c. 590. The Irish Saint Farannan was a disciple of Saint Columba.
                                  He eventually returned to Ireland to lead an eremitical life at
                                  All-Farannan, now Allernan, Sligo, where he probably died
                                  (Benedictines).



                                  St. Sigfrid of Wexlow, Bishop
                                  (also known as Sigfrid Vaxjo)
                                  ------------------------------------------
                                  Born in Glastonbury, England (?); died at Vaxjo, Sweden, c. 1045.

                                  Tradition says that the patron saint of Sweden is an Englishman,
                                  Sigfrid, who reached Sweden as a result of a call from King
                                  Olaf Tryggvason of Norway, who had been converted himself by another
                                  Englishman, Saint Alphege. Sigfrid is said to have been born in
                                  Northumberland, become a priest at York or Glastonbury, and was sent by
                                  King Ethelred as a missionary to Norway with two other bishops, Grimkel
                                  and John.

                                  They laboured under the protection of the archbishop of Bremen
                                  (Germany). After converting many pagans, Sigfrid continued on to Sweden
                                  in 1008. Saint Ansgar had planted the seeds of faith in Sweden in 830;
                                  but the country had relapsed into paganism soon after his time. A second
                                  wave of missionary saints, including Sigfrid, followed about two
                                  centuries later.

                                  There he built himself a wooden church at Vaxjo in southern Sweden, and
                                  laboured with success in the Smaeland and Vastergotland districts. He
                                  converted twelve of the principal men of the province, then many others
                                  followed their example. The fountain near the mountain of Ostrabo, since
                                  called Wexlow) in which Sigfrid baptized the catechumens, long retained
                                  the names of the first 12 converts, engraved on a monument.

                                  Others, including the King Saint Olaf Skotkonung of Sweden, were
                                  attracted out of curiosity to see the rich fabrics and beautiful vessels
                                  used during the celebration of the Divine Service, to hear his
                                  preaching, and to observe the dignity and majesty of the Christian
                                  worship. That attracted them first. But it was the example of the lives
                                  of Sigfrid and his companion missionaries that open their eyes of faith
                                  and led to the baptism of so many others including the king, who was
                                  baptized at Husaby (one of the sites in Sigrid Undset's book "Kristin
                                  Lavransdatter") in a spring that later bore Sigfrid's name and was the
                                  channel of many miracles.

                                  Sigfrid ordained and consecrated two native bishops to govern
                                  neighbouring territories, but he retained the episcopacy of Vaxjo while
                                  he lived. His three nephews--Unaman, a priest; Sunaman, a deacon; and
                                  Winaman, a subdeacon--were his chief assistants in his apostolic
                                  efforts.

                                  Sigfrid also laboured in Denmark. During one of Sigfrid's absences from
                                  Sweden, he instructed his three nephews to carry on the missionary work.
                                  A troop of idolatrous rebels--perhaps out of hatred for Christianity,
                                  perhaps in search of booty--plundered the church of Vaxjo and
                                  barbarously murdered Sigfrid's nephews by cutting off their heads,
                                  putting them in a box, and flinging them into a lake. The bodies they
                                  buried in the midst of the forest where they were never found.

                                  Sigfrid returned, recovered the three heads and claimed that they could
                                  still talk. He asked whether the crime would be avenged. "Yes," replied
                                  the first head. "When?" asked the second. "In the third generation,"
                                  answered the third. And so it was. The saint had brilliantly used the
                                  dead heads to terrorise his living enemies. Their heads were placed in a
                                  shrine. The king was angered by their deaths and resolved to execute the
                                  murderers, but at Sigfrid's earnest entreaties Olaf spared their
                                  lives--an early testimony against capital punishment. Olaf compelled the
                                  guilty to pay a heavy fine to Sigfrid, but the saint refused to accept
                                  it even though he was living in extreme poverty and had to contend with
                                  rebuilding his church. Thenceforth,
                                  he was invincible.

                                  The saint became so renowned that the Germans claimed him as their own,
                                  insisting that he had been born either in Bremen or Hamburg. He died in
                                  old age, and his bones rest beneath the high altar of the cathedral of
                                  Vaxjo, and are famous for miracles. Sigfrid was so successful that he is
                                  called the Apostle of Sweden, where he is still venerated. A metrical
                                  office for his feast survives in both Sweden and Denmark (Attwater,
                                  Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Walsh).

                                  Saint Sigfrid is pictured as a bishop with two companion monks crossing
                                  the sea in a ship. He may also be shown baptizing King Olaf of Sweden,
                                  or menaced by devils. There is a 14th century wall-painting possibly of
                                  him at Stoke Orchard, Worcestershire (Roeder). He may also be
                                  represented as a bishop carrying the heads of his three nephews, which
                                  are sometimes misrepresented as three loaves (Farmer).



                                  Ss. Winaman, Unaman & Sunaman, Monks Martyrs
                                  ----------------------------------------------------
                                  Died c. 1040. Thes trio of nephews of Saint Sigfrid of Wexlow, followed
                                  their uncle to the Swedish mission. The monks were martyred at Wexlow
                                  (Vaxjo) by beheading. There bodies were buried deep in the forest but
                                  the heads, which had been thrown into the nearby lake, were recovered
                                  and enshrined in the church at Vaxjo until the impious Lutherans removed
                                  them. These three are venerated in Sweden (Benedictines, Husenbeth).



                                  St. Tanco of Werden, Bishop Martyr
                                  ----------------------------------------------------
                                  (also known as Tancho, Tatta, Tatto)
                                  Died 808. Irish Saint Tanco became abbot of the Benedictine monastery of
                                  Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually bishop of Werden. He died at the
                                  hands of a pagan mob whose savage customs he had denounced
                                  (Benedictines).

                                  For All the Saints: - new active link
                                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                                  http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                                  These Lives are archived at:
                                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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