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2 February

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Columbanus of Ghent * St. Feock * St. Laurence of
    Message 1 of 14 , Feb 1 3:36 PM
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Columbanus of Ghent
      * St. Feock
      * St. Laurence of Canterbury
      * St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Columbanus of Ghent, Hermit
      ---------------------------------------------
      Died February 15, 959. Saint Columbanus was probably an Irish abbot who
      led his community to Belgium following the constant raids of the
      Norsemen. On February 2, 957, Columbanus became a hermit in the cemetery
      near the church of Saint-Bavo at Ghent, where he acquired a wide
      reputation for holiness. He is buried in the cathedral and is one of the
      patrons of Belgium (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Montague).


      St. Feock, Virgin
      -----------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. Nothing is known of Saint Feock's life but her name is
      perpetuated by a church dedication in Cornwall, England. She may have
      been an Irish immigrant. Some have postulated that the name is a
      variation of Saint Fiace (Fiech; f.d. October 12) or Saint Vougas of
      Brittany (f.d. June 15) (Benedictines).

      St.Feock's church, Cornwall
      http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/feock.htm



      St. Laurence of Canterbury
      -----------------------------------------------

      Died 619. Laurence was one of the monks who had accompanied S.Augustine
      on his mission to the Kingdom of Kent and, once King Ethelbert was
      baptised and the Christian Faith was firmly established in his kingdom,
      he became the Archbishop's chief assistant. Augustine was worried that
      in the event of his death the new converts might return to paganism and
      so he
      consecrated Laurence as his coadjutor bishop to succeed him when he
      died.

      Laurence was industrious when he became Archbishop and renewed
      Augustine's efforts to win over the Celtic Church to the customs of the
      Roman, but the mission suffered a severe setback, for with the death of
      Ethelbert the people of Kent began to fall away from their new faith.
      This was largely due to Eadbald, the new king, who had not followed his
      father in becoming a Christian and had offended against Church law by
      marrying his stepmother. The remonstrations by the Archbishop only
      served to make the king more determined in his heathen practices and
      Laurence began to despair, deciding with his fellow bishops, Mellitus of
      London and Justus of Rochester, to abandon the English nation as beyond
      redemption.

      Mellitus and Justus left the country and Laurence was to follow them on
      the next day. For his last night he had a bed prepared in the abbey
      church before the High Altar, and after he had said his prayers he went
      to sleep. At the dead of night he was awoken by a vision in which the
      Apostle Peter scourged him with a great whip, asking him the reason for
      his desertion. "Why do you forsake the flock committed to you?" he
      asked. "To what shepherds are you leaving Christ's sheep, who are among
      wolves? Have you forgotten my example, who for the sake of these little
      ones that Christ gave me as a token of His affection, suffered at the
      hands of unbelievers chains, beatings, imprisonment, tortures and
      finally crucifixion that I might be crowned with Him?"

      In the morning Laurence went to Eadbald and showed him the scars of the
      beating that he had received, and the King was horrified to learn that
      hands had been laid upon such a holy man, demanding to know who had
      presumed to use him so. When the Archbishop told him, the King was
      greatly impressed and, renouncing his marriage, was baptised into the
      Christian Faith. Mellitus and Justus returned, and St. Laurence
      continued to build up the Church of Christ in England. When he died his
      body was interred in the abbey church, where he had had his vision, and
      he was remembered by a hospital in the Old Dover Road, which is part of
      Watling Street, now replaced by the County Cricket Ground still bearing
      his name.



      St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
      ------------------------------------------------------

      According to Kneen Marown refers to St Ronan - the prefix 'Ma' (or 'Mo')
      being just the Irish honorific 'my' (as in my lady). The Calendar of
      Angus refers to 'Bishop Ronan the Kingly'.. However there are many
      Ronan's mentioned in the various Martyrologies. A.W.Moore links him with
      the Scottish Abbot Ronan of Cinngrad (Kingarth) in Bute who died 737 and
      is commenorated in many places in the Hebrides.

      The Manx Tradionary Ballad, verse 20, places him as the third Bishop
      after Maughold and buried in Keeill Ma Rooney i.e. Kirk Marown; thus it
      is possible that Ronan is a local 'saint' who later became linked with
      his more famous namesake.
      http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/ballad.htm

      Connaghan then came next,
      And then Marown the third;
      There all three lieth in Marown,
      And there for ever lieth unmolested

      Farmer gives four St. Ronans: a Scottish hermit of the 7th century whom
      tradition claims settled on the island of North Rona where a fine, and
      unique, oratory of that time still exists. Legend has it he was told to
      escape the evil tongues of the women of Eoroby (Lewis) and that he was
      transported to North Rona by whale where he defeated various diabolical
      assaults on his person. A church dedicated to him stands in Eoroby.
      A second Ronan is the Scottish bishop of Kilmaroren in Lennox,
      implausibly identified with the Irish monk who defended the Roman
      calculation of Easter at Whitby as described by Bede. This Ronan has the
      7 Feb feastday and is celebrated by St Ronan's Well at Innerleithen in
      Peeblesshire, as popularised by Sir Walter Scott, where according to
      tradition the saint came to the valley and drove out the Devil
      Two other Ronans are a Bishop who died in Brittany after working in
      Cornwall and the Bishop celebrated at Canterbury whose monastery
      possessed an arm as relic - he may be Romanus, deacon and exorcist of
      Caesarea whose feast day is 18th November. D.H.Farmer The Oxford
      Dictionary of Saints 1978

      Patron saint of Marown Parish
      http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/parishes/mn/marown.htm


      Troparion of St Ronan Tone 4
      As one endowed with the beauty of speech,/ thou didst Preach Christ's
      saving Gospel to the inhabitants of Man, O Hierarch Ronan./ Wherefore O
      Saint, being mindful of the power of words,/ pray that our every
      utterance may be to the glory of God/ that at the end He will grant us
      great mercy.

      Kontakion of St Ronan Tone 6
      We sing thy praises, O righteous Ronan,/ praying for grace to emulate
      thee,/ that the example of our lives/ may proclaim the love of God to
      those around us.


      Sources:
      =====

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

      Browne, G.F. St. Augustine and his Companions.

      Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain.
      New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Columbanus of Ghent * St. Feock * St. Laurence of
      Message 2 of 14 , Feb 1 4:35 PM
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        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Columbanus of Ghent
        * St. Feock
        * St. Laurence of Canterbury
        * St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Columbanus of Ghent, Hermit
        ---------------------------------------------
        Died February 15, 959. Saint Columbanus was probably an Irish abbot who
        led his community to Belgium following the constant raids of the
        Norsemen. On February 2, 957, Columbanus became a hermit in the cemetery
        near the church of Saint-Bavo at Ghent, where he acquired a wide
        reputation for holiness. He is buried in the cathedral and is one of the
        patrons of Belgium (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Montague).


        St. Feock, Virgin
        -----------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. Nothing is known of Saint Feock's life but her name is
        perpetuated by a church dedication in Cornwall, England. She may have
        been an Irish immigrant. Some have postulated that the name is a
        variation of Saint Fiace (Fiech; f.d. October 12) or Saint Vougas of
        Brittany (f.d. June 15) (Benedictines).

        St.Feock's church, Cornwall
        http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/feock.htm



        St. Laurence of Canterbury
        -----------------------------------------------

        Died 619. Laurence was one of the monks who had accompanied S.Augustine
        on his mission to the Kingdom of Kent and, once King Ethelbert was
        baptised and the Christian Faith was firmly established in his kingdom,
        he became the Archbishop's chief assistant. Augustine was worried that
        in the event of his death the new converts might return to paganism and
        so he
        consecrated Laurence as his coadjutor bishop to succeed him when he
        died.

        Laurence was industrious when he became Archbishop and renewed
        Augustine's efforts to win over the Celtic Church to the customs of the
        Roman, but the mission suffered a severe setback, for with the death of
        Ethelbert the people of Kent began to fall away from their new faith.
        This was largely due to Eadbald, the new king, who had not followed his
        father in becoming a Christian and had offended against Church law by
        marrying his stepmother. The remonstrations by the Archbishop only
        served to make the king more determined in his heathen practices and
        Laurence began to despair, deciding with his fellow bishops, Mellitus of
        London and Justus of Rochester, to abandon the English nation as beyond
        redemption.

        Mellitus and Justus left the country and Laurence was to follow them on
        the next day. For his last night he had a bed prepared in the abbey
        church before the High Altar, and after he had said his prayers he went
        to sleep. At the dead of night he was awoken by a vision in which the
        Apostle Peter scourged him with a great whip, asking him the reason for
        his desertion. "Why do you forsake the flock committed to you?" he
        asked. "To what shepherds are you leaving Christ's sheep, who are among
        wolves? Have you forgotten my example, who for the sake of these little
        ones that Christ gave me as a token of His affection, suffered at the
        hands of unbelievers chains, beatings, imprisonment, tortures and
        finally crucifixion that I might be crowned with Him?"

        In the morning Laurence went to Eadbald and showed him the scars of the
        beating that he had received, and the King was horrified to learn that
        hands had been laid upon such a holy man, demanding to know who had
        presumed to use him so. When the Archbishop told him, the King was
        greatly impressed and, renouncing his marriage, was baptised into the
        Christian Faith. Mellitus and Justus returned, and St. Laurence
        continued to build up the Church of Christ in England. When he died his
        body was interred in the abbey church, where he had had his vision, and
        he was remembered by a hospital in the Old Dover Road, which is part of
        Watling Street, now replaced by the County Cricket Ground still bearing
        his name.



        St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
        ------------------------------------------------------

        According to Kneen Marown refers to St Ronan - the prefix 'Ma' (or 'Mo')
        being just the Irish honorific 'my' (as in my lady). The Calendar of
        Angus refers to 'Bishop Ronan the Kingly'.. However there are many
        Ronan's mentioned in the various Martyrologies. A.W.Moore links him with
        the Scottish Abbot Ronan of Cinngrad (Kingarth) in Bute who died 737 and
        is commenorated in many places in the Hebrides.

        The Manx Tradionary Ballad, verse 20, places him as the third Bishop
        after Maughold and buried in Keeill Ma Rooney i.e. Kirk Marown; thus it
        is possible that Ronan is a local 'saint' who later became linked with
        his more famous namesake.
        http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/ballad.htm

        Connaghan then came next,
        And then Marown the third;
        There all three lieth in Marown,
        And there for ever lieth unmolested

        Farmer gives four St. Ronans: a Scottish hermit of the 7th century whom
        tradition claims settled on the island of North Rona where a fine, and
        unique, oratory of that time still exists. Legend has it he was told to
        escape the evil tongues of the women of Eoroby (Lewis) and that he was
        transported to North Rona by whale where he defeated various diabolical
        assaults on his person. A church dedicated to him stands in Eoroby.
        A second Ronan is the Scottish bishop of Kilmaroren in Lennox,
        implausibly identified with the Irish monk who defended the Roman
        calculation of Easter at Whitby as described by Bede. This Ronan has the
        7 Feb feastday and is celebrated by St Ronan's Well at Innerleithen in
        Peeblesshire, as popularised by Sir Walter Scott, where according to
        tradition the saint came to the valley and drove out the Devil
        Two other Ronans are a Bishop who died in Brittany after working in
        Cornwall and the Bishop celebrated at Canterbury whose monastery
        possessed an arm as relic - he may be Romanus, deacon and exorcist of
        Caesarea whose feast day is 18th November. D.H.Farmer The Oxford
        Dictionary of Saints 1978

        Patron saint of Marown Parish
        http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/parishes/mn/marown.htm


        Troparion of St Ronan Tone 4
        As one endowed with the beauty of speech,/ thou didst Preach Christ's
        saving Gospel to the inhabitants of Man, O Hierarch Ronan./ Wherefore O
        Saint, being mindful of the power of words,/ pray that our every
        utterance may be to the glory of God/ that at the end He will grant us
        great mercy.

        Kontakion of St Ronan Tone 6
        We sing thy praises, O righteous Ronan,/ praying for grace to emulate
        thee,/ that the example of our lives/ may proclaim the love of God to
        those around us.


        Sources:
        =====

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

        Browne, G.F. St. Augustine and his Companions.

        Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain.
        New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Columbanus of Ghent * St. Feock * St. Laurence of
        Message 3 of 14 , Feb 1 4:01 AM
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          Celtic and Old English Saints          2 February

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Columbanus of Ghent
          * St. Feock
          * St. Laurence of Canterbury
          * St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Columbanus of Ghent, Hermit
          ---------------------------------------------
          Died February 15, 959. Saint Columbanus was probably an Irish abbot who
          led his community to Belgium following the constant raids of the
          Norsemen. On February 2, 957, Columbanus became a hermit in the cemetery
          near the church of Saint-Bavo at Ghent, where he acquired a wide
          reputation for holiness. He is buried in the cathedral and is one of the
          patrons of Belgium (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Montague).


          St. Feock, Virgin
          -----------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. Nothing is known of Saint Feock's life but her name is
          perpetuated by a church dedication in Cornwall, England. She may have
          been an Irish immigrant. Some have postulated that the name is a
          variation of Saint Fiace (Fiech; f.d. October 12) or Saint Vougas of
          Brittany (f.d. June 15) (Benedictines).

          St.Feock's church, Cornwall
          http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/feock.htm



          St. Laurence of Canterbury
          -----------------------------------------------

          Died 619. Laurence was one of the monks who had accompanied S.Augustine
          on his mission to the Kingdom of Kent and, once King Ethelbert was
          baptised and the Christian Faith was firmly established in his kingdom,
          he became the Archbishop's chief assistant. Augustine was worried that
          in the event of his death the new converts might return to paganism and
          so he
          consecrated Laurence as his coadjutor bishop to succeed him when he
          died.

          Laurence was industrious when he became Archbishop and renewed
          Augustine's efforts to win over the Celtic Church to the customs of the
          Roman, but the mission suffered a severe setback, for with the death of
          Ethelbert the people of Kent began to fall away from their new faith.
          This was largely due to Eadbald, the new king, who had not followed his
          father in becoming a Christian and had offended against Church law by
          marrying his stepmother. The remonstrations by the Archbishop only
          served to make the king more determined in his heathen practices and
          Laurence began to despair, deciding with his fellow bishops, Mellitus of
          London and Justus of Rochester, to abandon the English nation as beyond
          redemption.

          Mellitus and Justus left the country and Laurence was to follow them on
          the next day. For his last night he had a bed prepared in the abbey
          church before the High Altar, and after he had said his prayers he went
          to sleep. At the dead of night he was awoken by a vision in which the
          Apostle Peter scourged him with a great whip, asking him the reason for
          his desertion. "Why do you forsake the flock committed to you?" he
          asked. "To what shepherds are you leaving Christ's sheep, who are among
          wolves? Have you forgotten my example, who for the sake of these little
          ones that Christ gave me as a token of His affection, suffered at the
          hands of unbelievers chains, beatings, imprisonment, tortures and
          finally crucifixion that I might be crowned with Him?"

          In the morning Laurence went to Eadbald and showed him the scars of the
          beating that he had received, and the King was horrified to learn that
          hands had been laid upon such a holy man, demanding to know who had
          presumed to use him so. When the Archbishop told him, the King was
          greatly impressed and, renouncing his marriage, was baptised into the
          Christian Faith. Mellitus and Justus returned, and St. Laurence
          continued to build up the Church of Christ in England. When he died his
          body was interred in the abbey church, where he had had his vision, and
          he was remembered by a hospital in the Old Dover Road, which is part of
          Watling Street, now replaced by the County Cricket Ground still bearing
          his name.



          St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
          ------------------------------------------------------

          According to Kneen Marown refers to St Ronan - the prefix 'Ma' (or 'Mo')
          being just the Irish honorific 'my' (as in my lady). The Calendar of
          Angus refers to 'Bishop Ronan the Kingly'.. However there are many
          Ronan's mentioned in the various Martyrologies. A.W.Moore links him with
          the Scottish Abbot Ronan of Cinngrad (Kingarth) in Bute who died 737 and
          is commenorated in many places in the Hebrides.

          The Manx Tradionary Ballad, verse 20, places him as the third Bishop
          after Maughold and buried in Keeill Ma Rooney i.e. Kirk Marown; thus it
          is possible that Ronan is a local 'saint' who later became linked with
          his more famous namesake.
          http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/ballad.htm

          Connaghan then came next,
          And then Marown the third;
          There all three lieth in Marown,
          And there for ever lieth unmolested

          Farmer gives four St. Ronans: a Scottish hermit of the 7th century whom
          tradition claims settled on the island of North Rona where a fine, and
          unique, oratory of that time still exists. Legend has it he was told to
          escape the evil tongues of the women of Eoroby (Lewis) and that he was
          transported to North Rona by whale where he defeated various diabolical
          assaults on his person. A church dedicated to him stands in Eoroby.
          A second Ronan is the Scottish bishop of Kilmaroren in Lennox,
          implausibly identified with the Irish monk who defended the Roman
          calculation of Easter at Whitby as described by Bede. This Ronan has the
          7 Feb feastday and is celebrated by St Ronan's Well at Innerleithen in
          Peeblesshire, as popularised by Sir Walter Scott, where according to
          tradition the saint came to the valley and drove out the Devil
          Two other Ronans are a Bishop who died in Brittany after working in
          Cornwall and the Bishop celebrated at Canterbury whose monastery
          possessed an arm as relic - he may be Romanus, deacon and exorcist of
          Caesarea whose feast day is 18th November. D.H.Farmer The Oxford
          Dictionary of Saints 1978

          Patron saint of Marown Parish
          http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/parishes/mn/marown.htm


          Troparion of St Ronan Tone 4
          As one endowed with the beauty of speech,/ thou didst Preach Christ's
          saving Gospel to the inhabitants of Man, O Hierarch Ronan./ Wherefore O
          Saint, being mindful of the power of words,/ pray that our every
          utterance may be to the glory of God/ that at the end He will grant us
          great mercy.

          Kontakion of St Ronan Tone 6
          We sing thy praises, O righteous Ronan,/ praying for grace to emulate
          thee,/ that the example of our lives/ may proclaim the love of God to
          those around us.


          Sources:
          =====

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

          Browne, G.F. St. Augustine and his Companions.

          Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain.
          New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Columbanus of Ghent * St. Feock * St. Laurence of
          Message 4 of 14 , Feb 3 3:12 PM
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Columbanus of Ghent
            * St. Feock
            * St. Laurence of Canterbury
            * St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Columbanus of Ghent, Hermit
            ---------------------------------------------
            Died February 15, 959. Saint Columbanus was probably an Irish abbot who
            led his community to Belgium following the constant raids of the
            Norsemen. On February 2, 957, Columbanus became a hermit in the cemetery
            near the church of Saint-Bavo at Ghent, where he acquired a wide
            reputation for holiness. He is buried in the cathedral and is one of the
            patrons of Belgium (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Montague).


            St. Feock, Virgin
            -----------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. Nothing is known of Saint Feock's life but her name is
            perpetuated by a church dedication in Cornwall, England. She may have
            been an Irish immigrant. Some have postulated that the name is a
            variation of Saint Fiace (Fiech; f.d. October 12) or Saint Vougas of
            Brittany (f.d. June 15) (Benedictines).

            St.Feock's church, Cornwall
            http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/feock.htm



            St. Laurence of Canterbury
            -----------------------------------------------

            Died 619. Laurence was one of the monks who had accompanied S.Augustine
            on his mission to the Kingdom of Kent and, once King Ethelbert was
            baptised and the Christian Faith was firmly established in his kingdom,
            he became the Archbishop's chief assistant. Augustine was worried that
            in the event of his death the new converts might return to paganism and
            so he
            consecrated Laurence as his coadjutor bishop to succeed him when he
            died.

            Laurence was industrious when he became Archbishop and renewed
            Augustine's efforts to win over the Celtic Church to the customs of the
            Roman, but the mission suffered a severe setback, for with the death of
            Ethelbert the people of Kent began to fall away from their new faith.
            This was largely due to Eadbald, the new king, who had not followed his
            father in becoming a Christian and had offended against Church law by
            marrying his stepmother. The remonstrations by the Archbishop only
            served to make the king more determined in his heathen practices and
            Laurence began to despair, deciding with his fellow bishops, Mellitus of
            London and Justus of Rochester, to abandon the English nation as beyond
            redemption.

            Mellitus and Justus left the country and Laurence was to follow them on
            the next day. For his last night he had a bed prepared in the abbey
            church before the High Altar, and after he had said his prayers he went
            to sleep. At the dead of night he was awoken by a vision in which the
            Apostle Peter scourged him with a great whip, asking him the reason for
            his desertion. "Why do you forsake the flock committed to you?" he
            asked. "To what shepherds are you leaving Christ's sheep, who are among
            wolves? Have you forgotten my example, who for the sake of these little
            ones that Christ gave me as a token of His affection, suffered at the
            hands of unbelievers chains, beatings, imprisonment, tortures and
            finally crucifixion that I might be crowned with Him?"

            In the morning Laurence went to Eadbald and showed him the scars of the
            beating that he had received, and the King was horrified to learn that
            hands had been laid upon such a holy man, demanding to know who had
            presumed to use him so. When the Archbishop told him, the King was
            greatly impressed and, renouncing his marriage, was baptised into the
            Christian Faith. Mellitus and Justus returned, and St. Laurence
            continued to build up the Church of Christ in England. When he died his
            body was interred in the abbey church, where he had had his vision, and
            he was remembered by a hospital in the Old Dover Road, which is part of
            Watling Street, now replaced by the County Cricket Ground still bearing
            his name.



            St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
            ------------------------------------------------------

            According to Kneen Marown refers to St Ronan - the prefix 'Ma' (or 'Mo')
            being just the Irish honorific 'my' (as in my lady). The Calendar of
            Angus refers to 'Bishop Ronan the Kingly'.. However there are many
            Ronan's mentioned in the various Martyrologies. A.W.Moore links him with
            the Scottish Abbot Ronan of Cinngrad (Kingarth) in Bute who died 737 and
            is commenorated in many places in the Hebrides.

            The Manx Tradionary Ballad, verse 20, places him as the third Bishop
            after Maughold and buried in Keeill Ma Rooney i.e. Kirk Marown; thus it
            is possible that Ronan is a local 'saint' who later became linked with
            his more famous namesake.
            http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/ballad.htm

            Connaghan then came next,
            And then Marown the third;
            There all three lieth in Marown,
            And there for ever lieth unmolested

            Farmer gives four St. Ronans: a Scottish hermit of the 7th century whom
            tradition claims settled on the island of North Rona where a fine, and
            unique, oratory of that time still exists. Legend has it he was told to
            escape the evil tongues of the women of Eoroby (Lewis) and that he was
            transported to North Rona by whale where he defeated various diabolical
            assaults on his person. A church dedicated to him stands in Eoroby.
            A second Ronan is the Scottish bishop of Kilmaroren in Lennox,
            implausibly identified with the Irish monk who defended the Roman
            calculation of Easter at Whitby as described by Bede. This Ronan has the
            7 Feb feastday and is celebrated by St Ronan's Well at Innerleithen in
            Peeblesshire, as popularised by Sir Walter Scott, where according to
            tradition the saint came to the valley and drove out the Devil
            Two other Ronans are a Bishop who died in Brittany after working in
            Cornwall and the Bishop celebrated at Canterbury whose monastery
            possessed an arm as relic - he may be Romanus, deacon and exorcist of
            Caesarea whose feast day is 18th November. D.H.Farmer The Oxford
            Dictionary of Saints 1978

            Patron saint of Marown Parish
            http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/parishes/mn/marown.htm


            Troparion of St Ronan Tone 4
            As one endowed with the beauty of speech,/ thou didst Preach Christ's
            saving Gospel to the inhabitants of Man, O Hierarch Ronan./ Wherefore O
            Saint, being mindful of the power of words,/ pray that our every
            utterance may be to the glory of God/ that at the end He will grant us
            great mercy.

            Kontakion of St Ronan Tone 6
            We sing thy praises, O righteous Ronan,/ praying for grace to emulate
            thee,/ that the example of our lives/ may proclaim the love of God to
            those around us.


            Sources:
            =====

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

            Browne, G.F. St. Augustine and his Companions.

            Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain.
            New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

            Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
            Guildford: Billing & Sons.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Columbanus of Ghent * St. Feock * St. Laurence of
            Message 5 of 14 , Feb 3 4:27 PM
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Columbanus of Ghent
              * St. Feock
              * St. Laurence of Canterbury
              * St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Columbanus of Ghent, Hermit
              ---------------------------------------------
              Died February 15, 959. Saint Columbanus was probably an Irish abbot who
              led his community to Belgium following the constant raids of the
              Norsemen. On February 2, 957, Columbanus became a hermit in the cemetery
              near the church of Saint-Bavo at Ghent, where he acquired a wide
              reputation for holiness. He is buried in the cathedral and is one of the
              patrons of Belgium (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Montague).


              St. Feock, Virgin
              -----------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. Nothing is known of Saint Feock's life but her name is
              perpetuated by a church dedication in Cornwall, England. She may have
              been an Irish immigrant. Some have postulated that the name is a
              variation of Saint Fiace (Fiech; f.d. October 12) or Saint Vougas of
              Brittany (f.d. June 15) (Benedictines).

              St.Feock's church, Cornwall
              http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/feock.htm



              St. Laurence of Canterbury
              -----------------------------------------------

              Died 619. Laurence was one of the monks who had accompanied S.Augustine
              on his mission to the Kingdom of Kent and, once King Ethelbert was
              baptised and the Christian Faith was firmly established in his kingdom,
              he became the Archbishop's chief assistant. Augustine was worried that
              in the event of his death the new converts might return to paganism and
              so he
              consecrated Laurence as his coadjutor bishop to succeed him when he
              died.

              Laurence was industrious when he became Archbishop and renewed
              Augustine's efforts to win over the Celtic Church to the customs of the
              Roman, but the mission suffered a severe setback, for with the death of
              Ethelbert the people of Kent began to fall away from their new faith.
              This was largely due to Eadbald, the new king, who had not followed his
              father in becoming a Christian and had offended against Church law by
              marrying his stepmother. The remonstrations by the Archbishop only
              served to make the king more determined in his heathen practices and
              Laurence began to despair, deciding with his fellow bishops, Mellitus of
              London and Justus of Rochester, to abandon the English nation as beyond
              redemption.

              Mellitus and Justus left the country and Laurence was to follow them on
              the next day. For his last night he had a bed prepared in the abbey
              church before the High Altar, and after he had said his prayers he went
              to sleep. At the dead of night he was awoken by a vision in which the
              Apostle Peter scourged him with a great whip, asking him the reason for
              his desertion. "Why do you forsake the flock committed to you?" he
              asked. "To what shepherds are you leaving Christ's sheep, who are among
              wolves? Have you forgotten my example, who for the sake of these little
              ones that Christ gave me as a token of His affection, suffered at the
              hands of unbelievers chains, beatings, imprisonment, tortures and
              finally crucifixion that I might be crowned with Him?"

              In the morning Laurence went to Eadbald and showed him the scars of the
              beating that he had received, and the King was horrified to learn that
              hands had been laid upon such a holy man, demanding to know who had
              presumed to use him so. When the Archbishop told him, the King was
              greatly impressed and, renouncing his marriage, was baptised into the
              Christian Faith. Mellitus and Justus returned, and St. Laurence
              continued to build up the Church of Christ in England. When he died his
              body was interred in the abbey church, where he had had his vision, and
              he was remembered by a hospital in the Old Dover Road, which is part of
              Watling Street, now replaced by the County Cricket Ground still bearing
              his name.



              St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
              ------------------------------------------------------

              According to Kneen Marown refers to St Ronan - the prefix 'Ma' (or 'Mo')
              being just the Irish honorific 'my' (as in my lady). The Calendar of
              Angus refers to 'Bishop Ronan the Kingly'.. However there are many
              Ronan's mentioned in the various Martyrologies. A.W.Moore links him with
              the Scottish Abbot Ronan of Cinngrad (Kingarth) in Bute who died 737 and
              is commenorated in many places in the Hebrides.

              The Manx Tradionary Ballad, verse 20, places him as the third Bishop
              after Maughold and buried in Keeill Ma Rooney i.e. Kirk Marown; thus it
              is possible that Ronan is a local 'saint' who later became linked with
              his more famous namesake.
              http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/ballad.htm

              Connaghan then came next,
              And then Marown the third;
              There all three lieth in Marown,
              And there for ever lieth unmolested

              Farmer gives four St. Ronans: a Scottish hermit of the 7th century whom
              tradition claims settled on the island of North Rona where a fine, and
              unique, oratory of that time still exists. Legend has it he was told to
              escape the evil tongues of the women of Eoroby (Lewis) and that he was
              transported to North Rona by whale where he defeated various diabolical
              assaults on his person. A church dedicated to him stands in Eoroby.
              A second Ronan is the Scottish bishop of Kilmaroren in Lennox,
              implausibly identified with the Irish monk who defended the Roman
              calculation of Easter at Whitby as described by Bede. This Ronan has the
              7 Feb feastday and is celebrated by St Ronan's Well at Innerleithen in
              Peeblesshire, as popularised by Sir Walter Scott, where according to
              tradition the saint came to the valley and drove out the Devil
              Two other Ronans are a Bishop who died in Brittany after working in
              Cornwall and the Bishop celebrated at Canterbury whose monastery
              possessed an arm as relic - he may be Romanus, deacon and exorcist of
              Caesarea whose feast day is 18th November. D.H.Farmer The Oxford
              Dictionary of Saints 1978

              Patron saint of Marown Parish
              http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/parishes/mn/marown.htm


              Troparion of St Ronan Tone 4
              As one endowed with the beauty of speech,/ thou didst Preach Christ's
              saving Gospel to the inhabitants of Man, O Hierarch Ronan./ Wherefore O
              Saint, being mindful of the power of words,/ pray that our every
              utterance may be to the glory of God/ that at the end He will grant us
              great mercy.

              Kontakion of St Ronan Tone 6
              We sing thy praises, O righteous Ronan,/ praying for grace to emulate
              thee,/ that the example of our lives/ may proclaim the love of God to
              those around us.


              Sources:
              =====

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

              Browne, G.F. St. Augustine and his Companions.

              Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain.
              New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

              Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
              Guildford: Billing & Sons.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Columbanus of Ghent * St. Feock * St. Laurence of
              Message 6 of 14 , Feb 2 9:07 PM
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 2 February

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Columbanus of Ghent
                * St. Feock
                * St. Laurence of Canterbury
                * St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Columbanus of Ghent, Hermit
                ---------------------------------------------
                Died February 15, 959. Saint Columbanus was probably an Irish abbot who
                led his community to Belgium following the constant raids of the
                Norsemen. On February 2, 957, Columbanus became a hermit in the cemetery
                near the church of Saint-Bavo at Ghent, where he acquired a wide
                reputation for holiness. He is buried in the cathedral and is one of the
                patrons of Belgium (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick2, Montague).


                St. Feock, Virgin
                -----------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. Nothing is known of Saint Feock's life but her name is
                perpetuated by a church dedication in Cornwall, England. She may have
                been an Irish immigrant. Some have postulated that the name is a
                variation of Saint Fiace (Fiech; f.d. October 12) or Saint Vougas of
                Brittany (f.d. June 15) (Benedictines).

                St.Feock's church, Cornwall
                http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/feock.htm



                St. Laurence of Canterbury
                -----------------------------------------------

                Died 619. Laurence was one of the monks who had accompanied S.Augustine
                on his mission to the Kingdom of Kent and, once King Ethelbert was
                baptised and the Christian Faith was firmly established in his kingdom,
                he became the Archbishop's chief assistant. Augustine was worried that
                in the event of his death the new converts might return to paganism and
                so he
                consecrated Laurence as his coadjutor bishop to succeed him when he
                died.

                Laurence was industrious when he became Archbishop and renewed
                Augustine's efforts to win over the Celtic Church to the customs of the
                Roman, but the mission suffered a severe setback, for with the death of
                Ethelbert the people of Kent began to fall away from their new faith.
                This was largely due to Eadbald, the new king, who had not followed his
                father in becoming a Christian and had offended against Church law by
                marrying his stepmother. The remonstrations by the Archbishop only
                served to make the king more determined in his heathen practices and
                Laurence began to despair, deciding with his fellow bishops, Mellitus of
                London and Justus of Rochester, to abandon the English nation as beyond
                redemption.

                Mellitus and Justus left the country and Laurence was to follow them on
                the next day. For his last night he had a bed prepared in the abbey
                church before the High Altar, and after he had said his prayers he went
                to sleep. At the dead of night he was awoken by a vision in which the
                Apostle Peter scourged him with a great whip, asking him the reason for
                his desertion. "Why do you forsake the flock committed to you?" he
                asked. "To what shepherds are you leaving Christ's sheep, who are among
                wolves? Have you forgotten my example, who for the sake of these little
                ones that Christ gave me as a token of His affection, suffered at the
                hands of unbelievers chains, beatings, imprisonment, tortures and
                finally crucifixion that I might be crowned with Him?"

                In the morning Laurence went to Eadbald and showed him the scars of the
                beating that he had received, and the King was horrified to learn that
                hands had been laid upon such a holy man, demanding to know who had
                presumed to use him so. When the Archbishop told him, the King was
                greatly impressed and, renouncing his marriage, was baptised into the
                Christian Faith. Mellitus and Justus returned, and St. Laurence
                continued to build up the Church of Christ in England. When he died his
                body was interred in the abbey church, where he had had his vision, and
                he was remembered by a hospital in the Old Dover Road, which is part of
                Watling Street, now replaced by the County Cricket Ground still bearing
                his name.



                St. Ronan of the Isle of Man
                ------------------------------------------------------

                According to Kneen Marown refers to St Ronan - the prefix 'Ma' (or 'Mo')
                being just the Irish honorific 'my' (as in my lady). The Calendar of
                Angus refers to 'Bishop Ronan the Kingly'.. However there are many
                Ronan's mentioned in the various Martyrologies. A.W.Moore links him with
                the Scottish Abbot Ronan of Cinngrad (Kingarth) in Bute who died 737 and
                is commenorated in many places in the Hebrides.

                The Manx Tradionary Ballad, verse 20, places him as the third Bishop
                after Maughold and buried in Keeill Ma Rooney i.e. Kirk Marown; thus it
                is possible that Ronan is a local 'saint' who later became linked with
                his more famous namesake.
                http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/ballad.htm

                Connaghan then came next,
                And then Marown the third;
                There all three lieth in Marown,
                And there for ever lieth unmolested

                Farmer gives four St. Ronans: a Scottish hermit of the 7th century whom
                tradition claims settled on the island of North Rona where a fine, and
                unique, oratory of that time still exists. Legend has it he was told to
                escape the evil tongues of the women of Eoroby (Lewis) and that he was
                transported to North Rona by whale where he defeated various diabolical
                assaults on his person. A church dedicated to him stands in Eoroby.
                A second Ronan is the Scottish bishop of Kilmaroren in Lennox,
                implausibly identified with the Irish monk who defended the Roman
                calculation of Easter at Whitby as described by Bede. This Ronan has the
                7 Feb feastday and is celebrated by St Ronan's Well at Innerleithen in
                Peeblesshire, as popularised by Sir Walter Scott, where according to
                tradition the saint came to the valley and drove out the Devil
                Two other Ronans are a Bishop who died in Brittany after working in
                Cornwall and the Bishop celebrated at Canterbury whose monastery
                possessed an arm as relic - he may be Romanus, deacon and exorcist of
                Caesarea whose feast day is 18th November. D.H.Farmer The Oxford
                Dictionary of Saints 1978

                Patron saint of Marown Parish
                http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/parishes/mn/marown.htm


                Troparion of St Ronan Tone 4
                As one endowed with the beauty of speech,/ thou didst Preach Christ's
                saving Gospel to the inhabitants of Man, O Hierarch Ronan./ Wherefore O
                Saint, being mindful of the power of words,/ pray that our every
                utterance may be to the glory of God/ that at the end He will grant us
                great mercy.

                Kontakion of St Ronan Tone 6
                We sing thy praises, O righteous Ronan,/ praying for grace to emulate
                thee,/ that the example of our lives/ may proclaim the love of God to
                those around us.


                Sources:
                =====

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

                Browne, G.F. St. Augustine and his Companions.

                Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain.
                New York: Funk and Wagnalls.

                Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                Guildford: Billing & Sons.


                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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