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10 April

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  • emrys`nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Paternus of Abdinghof * St. Beocca of Chertsey
    Message 1 of 14 , Apr 8, 2000
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
      * St. Beocca of Chertsey
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
      -------------------------------------------------
      Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
      in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
      first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
      Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
      cell adjoining the abbey.

      He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
      the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
      a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
      out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
      monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
      Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
      his cell and was killed.

      His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. Saint
      Peter Damien (f.d. February 21) greatly revered Paternus. Blessed
      Marianus Scotus (f.d. February 9), who visited the ruins two weeks
      after his death, prayed on the mat where he had died. This mat
      became the centre of his cultus because it miraculously escaped the
      flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


      St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Comp., Martyrs
      -------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 870. The Danes, in their continual raids on England,
      singled out the Anglo-Saxon abbey as their special object of their
      ferocity. Thus, at Chertsey Abbey in Surrey, they put to death SS.
      Beocca, abbot; Ethor, monk-priest; and some 90 monks. At
      Peterborough, the Danes killed Saint Hedda's (f.d. April 9)
      community; and at Thorney Abbey, Saint Torthred (f.d. April 9).
      All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept
      alive by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury
      (Benedictines, Farmer).


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
      These Lives are archived at:
      http://www.egroups.com/group/celt-saints/
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
      Message 2 of 14 , Apr 8, 2001
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        Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Beocca of Chertsey
        * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions,
        Martyrs
        -------------------------------------------------
        Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
        Anglia. The Viking Army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
        of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
        English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
        century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
        from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
        their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
        same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
        it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
        that which was very great such that it became nothing".

        When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
        had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
        all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
        women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
        where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
        killed St. Torthred's community.

        We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
        Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
        solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
        clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
        celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
        their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
        few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
        were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
        of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

        The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
        Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
        Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
        Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
        Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

        All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
        by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

        Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
        indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
        professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
        targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
        the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
        (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


        St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
        -------------------------------------------------
        Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
        in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
        first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
        Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
        cell adjoining the abbey.

        He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
        the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
        a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
        out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
        monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
        Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
        his cell and was killed.

        His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
        which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
        the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

        Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
        Clarendon Press, Oxford.

        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

        Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
        Burns & Oates.

        White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrós
        Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
        Message 3 of 14 , Apr 8, 2002
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          Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Beocca of Chertsey
          * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions,
          Martyrs
          -------------------------------------------------
          Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
          Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
          of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
          English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
          century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
          from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
          their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
          same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
          it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
          that which was very great such that it became nothing".

          When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
          had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
          all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
          women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
          where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
          killed St. Torthred's community.

          We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
          Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
          solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
          clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
          celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
          their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
          few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
          were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
          of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

          The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
          Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
          Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
          Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
          Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

          All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
          by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

          Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
          indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
          professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
          targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
          the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
          (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


          St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
          -------------------------------------------------
          Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
          in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
          first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
          Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
          cell adjoining the abbey.

          He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
          the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
          a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
          out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
          monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
          Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
          his cell and was killed.

          His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
          which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
          the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


          Sources:
          ========

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

          Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
          Clarendon Press, Oxford.

          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

          Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
          Burns & Oates.

          White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

          Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page:
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • ambrós
          Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
          Message 4 of 14 , Apr 8, 2003
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Beocca of Chertsey
            * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
            -------------------------------------------------
            Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
            Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
            of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
            English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
            century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
            from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
            their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
            same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
            it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
            that which was very great such that it became nothing".

            When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
            had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
            all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
            women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
            where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
            killed St. Torthred's community.

            We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
            Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
            solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
            clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
            celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
            their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
            few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
            were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
            of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

            The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
            Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
            Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
            Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
            Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

            All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
            by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

            Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
            indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
            professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
            targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
            the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
            (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


            St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
            -------------------------------------------------
            Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
            in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
            first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
            Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
            cell adjoining the abbey.

            He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
            the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
            a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
            out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
            monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
            Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
            his cell and was killed.

            His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
            which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
            the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


            Sources:
            ========

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
            Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

            Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
            Clarendon Press, Oxford.

            Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
            Guildford: Billing & Sons.

            Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
            Burns & Oates.

            White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

            For All the Saints:
            http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

            Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page:
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
            Message 5 of 14 , Apr 9, 2004
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Beocca of Chertsey
              * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
              -------------------------------------------------
              Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
              Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
              of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
              English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
              century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
              from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
              their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
              same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
              it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
              that which was very great such that it became nothing".

              When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
              had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
              all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
              women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
              where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
              killed St. Torthred's community.

              We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
              Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
              solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
              clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
              celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
              their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
              few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
              were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
              of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

              The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
              Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
              Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
              Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
              Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

              All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
              by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

              Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
              indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
              professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
              targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
              the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
              (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


              St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
              -------------------------------------------------
              Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
              in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
              first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
              Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
              cell adjoining the abbey.

              He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
              the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
              a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
              out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
              monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
              Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
              his cell and was killed.

              His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
              which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
              the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


              Sources:
              ========

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
              Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

              Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
              Clarendon Press, Oxford.

              Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
              Guildford: Billing & Sons.

              Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
              Burns & Oates.

              White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              Orthodox Ireland Saints
              http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              *****************************************
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
              Message 6 of 14 , Apr 8, 2005
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                -------------------------------------------------
                Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                killed St. Torthred's community.

                We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                -------------------------------------------------
                Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                cell adjoining the abbey.

                He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                his cell and was killed.

                His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                Sources:
                ========

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                Burns & Oates.

                White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                *****************************************
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                Message 7 of 14 , Apr 9, 2006
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                  * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                  -------------------------------------------------
                  Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                  Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                  of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                  English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                  century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                  from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                  their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                  same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                  it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                  that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                  When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                  had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                  all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                  women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                  where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                  killed St. Torthred's community.

                  We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                  Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                  solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                  clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                  celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                  their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                  few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                  were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                  of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                  The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                  Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                  Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                  Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                  Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                  All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                  by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                  Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                  indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                  professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                  targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                  the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                  (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                  St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                  -------------------------------------------------
                  Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                  in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                  first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                  Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                  cell adjoining the abbey.

                  He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                  the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                  a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                  out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                  monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                  Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                  his cell and was killed.

                  His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                  which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                  the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                  Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                  Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                  Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                  Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                  Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                  Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                  Burns & Oates.

                  White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                  Message 8 of 14 , Apr 10, 2007
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                    * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                    -------------------------------------------------
                    Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                    Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                    of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                    English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                    century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                    from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                    their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                    same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                    it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                    that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                    When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                    had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                    all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                    women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                    where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                    killed St. Torthred's community.

                    We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                    Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                    solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                    clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                    celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                    their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                    few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                    were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                    of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                    The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                    Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                    Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                    Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                    Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                    All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                    by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                    Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                    indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                    professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                    targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                    the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                    (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                    St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                    -------------------------------------------------
                    Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                    in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                    first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                    Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                    cell adjoining the abbey.

                    He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                    the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                    a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                    out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                    monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                    Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                    his cell and was killed.

                    His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                    which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                    the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                    (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                    Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                    Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                    Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                    Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                    Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                    Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                    Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                    Burns & Oates.

                    White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                    Message 9 of 14 , Apr 9, 2008
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                      * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                      -------------------------------------------------
                      Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                      Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                      of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                      English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                      century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                      from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                      their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                      same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                      it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                      that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                      When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                      had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                      all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                      women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                      where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                      killed St. Torthred's community.

                      We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                      Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                      solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                      clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                      celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                      their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                      few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                      were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                      of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                      The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                      Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                      Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                      Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                      Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                      All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                      by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                      Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                      indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                      professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                      targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                      the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                      (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                      St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                      -------------------------------------------------
                      Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                      in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                      first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                      Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                      cell adjoining the abbey.

                      He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                      the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                      a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                      out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                      monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                      Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                      his cell and was killed.

                      His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                      which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                      the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                      Sources:
                      ========

                      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                      (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                      Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                      Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                      Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                      Burns & Oates.

                      White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • emrys@globe.net.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                      Message 10 of 14 , Apr 10, 2009
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                        * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                        -------------------------------------------------
                        Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                        Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                        of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                        English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                        century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                        from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                        their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                        same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                        it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                        that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                        When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                        had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                        all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                        women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                        where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                        killed St. Torthred's community.

                        We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                        Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                        solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                        clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                        celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                        their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                        few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                        were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                        of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                        The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                        Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                        Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                        Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                        Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                        All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                        by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                        Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                        indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                        professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                        targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                        the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                        (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                        St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                        -------------------------------------------------
                        Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                        in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                        first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                        Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                        cell adjoining the abbey.

                        He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                        the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                        a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                        out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                        monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                        Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                        his cell and was killed.

                        His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                        which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                        the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                        Sources:
                        ========

                        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                        (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                        Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                        Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                        Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                        Burns & Oates.

                        White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • emrys@globe.net.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                        Message 11 of 14 , Apr 9, 2010
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                          * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                          -------------------------------------------------
                          Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                          Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                          of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                          English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                          century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                          from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                          their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                          same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                          it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                          that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                          When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                          had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                          all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                          women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                          where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                          killed St. Torthred's community.

                          We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                          Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                          solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                          clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                          celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                          their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                          few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                          were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                          of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                          The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                          Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                          Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                          Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                          Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                          All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                          by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                          Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                          indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                          professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                          targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                          the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                          (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                          St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                          -------------------------------------------------
                          Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                          in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                          first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                          Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                          cell adjoining the abbey.

                          He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                          the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                          a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                          out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                          monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                          Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                          his cell and was killed.

                          His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                          which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                          the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                          Sources:
                          ========

                          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                          (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                          Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                          Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                          Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                          Burns & Oates.

                          White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                          Message 12 of 14 , Apr 9, 2011
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                            * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                            -------------------------------------------------
                            Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                            Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                            of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                            English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                            century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                            from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                            their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                            same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                            it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                            that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                            When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                            had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                            all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                            women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                            where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                            killed St. Torthred's community.

                            We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                            Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                            solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                            clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                            celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                            their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                            few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                            were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                            of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                            The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                            Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                            Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                            Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                            Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                            All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                            by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                            Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                            indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                            professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                            targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                            the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                            (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                            St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                            -------------------------------------------------
                            Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                            in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                            first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                            Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                            cell adjoining the abbey.

                            He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                            the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                            a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                            out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                            monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                            Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                            his cell and was killed.

                            His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                            which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                            the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                            Sources:
                            ========

                            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                            (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                            Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                            Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                            Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                            Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                            Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                            Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                            Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                            Burns & Oates.

                            White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                            For All the Saints:
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                            Message 13 of 14 , Apr 10, 2012
                            • 0 Attachment
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                              * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                              * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                              St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                              -------------------------------------------------
                              Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                              Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                              of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                              English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                              century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                              from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                              their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                              same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                              it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                              that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                              When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                              had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                              all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                              women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                              where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                              killed St. Torthred's community.

                              We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                              Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                              solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                              clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                              celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                              their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                              few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                              were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                              of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                              The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                              Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                              Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                              Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                              Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                              All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                              by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                              Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                              indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                              professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                              targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                              the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                              (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                              St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                              -------------------------------------------------
                              Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                              in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                              first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                              Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                              cell adjoining the abbey.

                              He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                              the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                              a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                              out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                              monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                              Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                              his cell and was killed.

                              His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                              which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                              the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                              Sources:
                              ========

                              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                              (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                              Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                              Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                              Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                              Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                              Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                              Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                              Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                              Burns & Oates.

                              White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.
                              For All the Saints:
                              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                              These Lives are archived at:
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Beocca of Chertsey * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                              Message 14 of 14 , Apr 10, 2013
                              • 0 Attachment
                                Celtic and Old English Saints 10 April

                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                                * St. Beocca of Chertsey
                                * St. Paternus of Abdinghof
                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                                St. Beocca, Ethor (Hethor) and Companions, Martyrs
                                -------------------------------------------------
                                Died 870. The year 870 was a terrible year for the Church in East
                                Anglia. The Viking army that had arrived in 865 became a permanent army
                                of occupation, and when they had amassed horses and supplies from the
                                English, they marched on York, where they settled until the end of the
                                century. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle for 870 records that the army rode
                                from York across Mercia into East Anglia, captured Thetford, and under
                                their chiefs Ingwar and Hubba, defeated and killed King Edmund. "At the
                                same time they came to Medehampstede (Peterborough) and burned and beat
                                it down, slew abbot and monks and all that they found there. They made
                                that which was very great such that it became nothing".

                                When they murdered St. Hedda and all the brethren at Peterborough, they
                                had already demolished the monastery at Bardney in Lincolnshire, killing
                                all the monks, and destroyed Ely, putting both communities of men and
                                women to the sword. The same thing happened at Benet Hulme in Norfolk,
                                where the holy Suniman was abbot, and at the abbey at Thorney where they
                                killed St. Torthred's community.

                                We have a vivid account of the extermination of the community at
                                Croyland in the history of Ingulf, a later abbot, who says that the
                                solemn mass was just ended as the Danes broke into the church, and the
                                clergy had not yet left the sanctuary. The Abbot Theodore, who was
                                celebrant, together with the Deacon and Sub-deacon were murdered in
                                their vestments and the acolytes were cut down in front of the altar. A
                                few escaped into the forest, but all who tried to hide in the monastery
                                were butchered, among them Askegar, the Prior, and two venerable monks
                                of a hundred years old, Grimkeld and Agamund.

                                The army, moving south, sacked the twin monasteries of Chertsey and
                                Barking founded by St. Erkonwald for himself and his sister St.
                                Ethelburga. All the nuns at Barking were slaughtered, and William of
                                Malmesbury tells us that 90 monks were killed at Chertsey, among them
                                Beocca, the Abbot, and Hethor, a priest.

                                All of these are venerated as martyrs. Their memories were kept alive
                                by chronicles and the writings of William of Malmesbury

                                Once the Viking horde was on the move, the Danes murdered and plundered
                                indiscriminately. They seemed to have a particular hatred for those
                                professing the Christian faith, and monastic establishments were prime
                                targets for their raids. By the time they reached Reading, at the end of
                                the year, their blood lust must have been sated, and they wintered there
                                (Bowen, Stanton, Farmer).


                                St. Paternus of Abdinghof, Hermit
                                -------------------------------------------------
                                Born in Ireland; died in Germany, 1058. Paternus was probably born
                                in Ireland, but he travelled to Westphalia, and became one of the
                                first monks at the monastery of Abdinghof in Paderborn founded by
                                Saint Meinwerk (f.d. June 5). Wishing for solitude, he moved to a
                                cell adjoining the abbey.

                                He predicted that the city would be razed by fire within 30 days if
                                the inhabitants did not turn from their sins, but he was mocked as
                                a visionary. On the Friday before Palm Sunday in 1058, fires broke
                                out simultaneously in seven parts of the city. The city and the
                                monastery were destroyed. The monks escaped, with the exception of
                                Paternus, who, refusing to break the vows of enclosure, remained in
                                his cell and was killed.

                                His death made a great impression on his contemporaries. The mat on
                                which he died became an important relic because it miraculously escaped
                                the flames (Benedictines, Montague, White).


                                Sources:
                                ========

                                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                                (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                                Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                                Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                                Farmer, D.H. (1978). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints
                                Clarendon Press, Oxford.

                                Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                                Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                                Stanton, R.A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                                Burns & Oates.

                                White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

                                For All the Saints: - new active link
                                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                                http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                                These Lives are archived at:
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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