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28 September

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
    Message 1 of 10 , Sep 28, 2008
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Conwall of Scotland
      * St. Machan of Scotland
      * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
      * St. Tetta of Wimborne
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
      --------------------------------------------
      Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
      Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
      (Benedictines).

      Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
      Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
      the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
      example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
      Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
      made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


      St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
      -------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
      bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
      Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
      Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

      We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
      Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
      Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

      In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
      Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
      number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
      Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
      Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
      among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
      Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
      One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
      In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
      or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
      south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
      still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



      St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
      Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

      Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
      related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
      for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
      immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
      received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
      still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
      (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
      "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
      Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

      Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
      reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
      reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
      She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
      principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
      rules of the monastic life.

      Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
      correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
      requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
      pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
      Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

      Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
      Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
      residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
      was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
      convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
      Germany.

      The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
      combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
      bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
      Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
      permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

      Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
      to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
      It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
      that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
      Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
      rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
      (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
      12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
      of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
      extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
      always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

      Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
      Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
      Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
      seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
      deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

      Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
      to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
      and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
      they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
      is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
      of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
      death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
      she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

      Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
      retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
      and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
      visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
      visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
      mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
      Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
      in the day of judgement."

      After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
      high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
      miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
      eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
      838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
      into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
      Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).


      St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
      ------------------------------------------
      Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
      Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
      many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
      Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
      Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
      Message 2 of 10 , Sep 27, 2009
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Conwall of Scotland
        * St. Machan of Scotland
        * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
        * St. Tetta of Wimborne
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
        --------------------------------------------
        Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
        Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
        (Benedictines).

        Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
        Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
        the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
        example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
        Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
        made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


        St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
        -------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
        bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
        Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
        Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

        We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
        Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
        Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

        In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
        Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
        number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
        Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
        Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
        among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
        Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
        One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
        In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
        or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
        south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
        still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



        St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
        Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

        Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
        related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
        for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
        immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
        received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
        still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
        (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
        "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
        Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

        Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
        reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
        reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
        She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
        principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
        rules of the monastic life.

        Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
        correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
        requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
        pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
        Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

        Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
        Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
        residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
        was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
        convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
        Germany.

        The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
        combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
        bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
        Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
        permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

        Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
        to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
        It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
        that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
        Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
        rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
        (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
        12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
        of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
        extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
        always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

        Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
        Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
        Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
        seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
        deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

        Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
        to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
        and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
        they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
        is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
        of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
        death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
        she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

        Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
        retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
        and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
        visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
        visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
        mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
        Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
        in the day of judgement."

        After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
        high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
        miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
        eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
        838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
        into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
        Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).

        Some online sources for St Lioba...

        Rudolf of Fulda's Life of St Lioba:
        http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/leoba.html

        An alternative translation with an introduction and commentary by Miriam
        Muller:
        http://homepage.mac.com/consonance/Papers/AbbessLeoba12904.pdf

        Some of her letters have been translated as part of the Epistolae - Medieval
        Women's Latin Letters project:
        http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/woman/55.html

        St Lioba is featured in a chapter in the book 'Virgin Saints of the
        Benedictine Order'
        http://www.archive.org/details/thevirginsaints00unknuoft

        and in 'The Saints and Missionaries of the Anglo-Saxon Era'
        http://www.archive.org/details/saintsmissionari00adam





        St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
        ------------------------------------------
        Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
        Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
        many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
        Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
        Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
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