Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

1 June

Expand Messages
  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Herve of Brittany * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany * St. Whyte
    Message 1 of 14 , May 30, 2008
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Herve of Brittany
      * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany
      * St. Whyte of Dorset
      * St. Wistan of Evesham
      * St. Thecla of Denbighshire
      * St. Ronan of Kilmaronen
      * St. Caprais of Lerins
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Herve of Brittany, Abbot
      --------------------------------------
      (Harvey, Herveus, Huva)

      Died 575 AD.. Saint Herve is venerated throughout Brittany but we have
      few reliable particulars on him--his life was not written until the late
      medieval period. All we really know is that he was a hermit in Brittany,
      where he is still highly venerated and where Herve is one of the most
      popular names for boys.

      The story goes that a young British bard named Hyvarnion, a pupil of
      Saint Cadoc, lived at the court of Childebert, king of the Franks. After
      four years, desiring to return to his native land, he set off through
      Brittany, where one day, riding through a wood, he heard a young girl
      singing. The sweetness of her voice made him curious and, dismounting
      from his horse, he made his way through the trees to where in a sunny
      glade he found a maiden gathering herbs. He asked her what they were
      for. "This herb,"
      she replied, "drives away sadness, that one banishes blindness, and I
      look for the herb of life that drives away death." Hyvarnion, forgetting
      his homeward journey, in that hour loved her, and later he married her.

      After three years they had a son who was born blind, and in their sorrow
      they called him Herve, which means bitterness. When he was two years
      old, his father died, and the mother, Rivanon, and child were left poor
      and friendless. In her grief she sang to him and he grew up to love
      poetry and music. When Herve was seven, Rivanon gave him into the care
      of a holy man named Arthian and she became a hermit. The child wandered
      about the countryside singing and begging, led by a white dog which he
      held on a string. To this day the Bretons sing a ballad of the blind
      child, led by his dog, singing as he shivered in the wind and the rain,
      with no shoes on his bare feet, his teeth chattering with the cold.

      At age 14, with his mother's approval, he sought out an uncle who was a
      hermit and kept a monastic school in the forest at Plouvien. His uncle
      welcomed him, and soon Herve excelled in knowledge beyond all his other
      pupils. On his uncle's death, he became abbot. Every morning the
      children gathered to be taught by their blind master, and every evening
      they left "like a swarm of bees issuing from a hollow oak." He
      instructed them in music and poetry, and, above all, in the Christian
      way of life.

      "When you wake up in bed," he said, "offer your hearts to the good God,
      make the sign of the Cross and say with faith and hope and love, 'I give
      You my heart, my body and my soul. Make me a good man.' When you see a
      crow fly, think of the devil, black and evil. When you see a dove fly,
      think of your angel, gentle and white. Think of God, as the sun makes
      the wild roses bloom on the mountains. In the evening, before going to
      bed, say your prayers that a white angel may come from heaven and watch
      you till the dawn. This is the true way to live as Christians. Practice
      my song, and you will lead holy lives."

      In addition to teaching, Herve worked the fields near the school. He was
      venerated for his holiness and his miracles. One day a wolf ate the
      donkey with which he was ploughing the fields. The young child who was
      Herve's guide cried out in fear, but at Herve's prayers, the wolf put
      himself into the donkey's harness and finished the work to be done.

      Later he decided to move the community to Leon. There the bishop wanted
      to ordain him priest, but Herve humbly declined. Thus, although he was
      never a priest, Herve is said to have participated in the solemn
      anathematizing of the tyrannical ruler Conomor, c. 550. From Leon the
      holy group travelled west. Beside the road to Lesneven is the fountain
      of Saint Herve, which he is said to have caused to flow to satisfy the
      thirst of his companions. Finally, they settled and Herve built a
      monastery at Lanhouarneau in Finistere, which earned a great reputation.

      Coming out from his monastery, where he lived for the rest of his life,
      Herve would travel forth periodically to preach or act as exorcist. He
      was no longer led by a white dog, but by his little niece, Kristine, who
      lived near him in a cottage of thatch and wattle built for her by the
      monks, and who, gay as a fairy, sang to him as she gathered flowers for
      the altar. When he came to die, he said to her: "Tina, my dear, make my
      bed ready, but make it not as is wont. Make it on the hard earth, before
      the altar, at the feet of Jesus. Place a stone for my bolster, and strew
      my bed with ashes." Weeping, she carried out his wish, and said: "May I
      follow in due course, as the boat follows the ship."

      As his monks watched at his deathbed, they were said to have heard the
      music of the heavenly choirs welcoming him to heaven. So died the blind
      Breton saint, who had taught in the school in the forest, and who all
      his life, despite his blindness, had given glory to God.

      Until the French Revolution, a chapel (now destroyed) near Cleder in
      Finistere possessed a most unusual relics: the cradle in which Saint
      Herve had been rocked (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia,
      Gill, White).

      In art, Saint Herveus is a blind abbot telling frogs to be quiet or
      being led by a wolf (Roeder) or his child guide. He is invoked against
      eye problems (Delaney). Breton mothers threaten their mischievous
      children with his wolf (White).

      Image of St Herve
      http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/sainth09.htm

      St Hervé is thought to be the composer of the popular and moving "kantik
      ar baradoz" (an hymn to paradise) often sung at funerals. To listen to
      it:
      http://perso.wanadoo.fr/per.kentel/kantikou/sons/ar_baradoz.mid


      Troparion of St Herve Tone l
      O Herve, thou minstrel and teacher of the Faith,/ thy sweet voice
      enlightened the darkness though thou wast born without the gift of
      sight./ Pray that the light of Christ may ever dispel the new pagan
      darkness from our lands,/ that God may be glorified.


      St. Ruadan of Cornwall (of Quimper), Bishop
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      (also known as Ronan, Rumon, Ruadhan, Ruan)

      Died 6th century. Ordained by Saint Patrick. Saint Ruadan was patron of
      the abbey of Tavistock in Devonshire, as well as several places in
      Cornwall and Brittany. He is important in the traditions of Brittany,
      where he died, and the region of Laon. Ruadan is buried at Locronan.
      Every six years the faithful make a processional pilgrimage along the
      traditional 10-mile route
      followed by Ruadan during his mission. Today's saint should not be
      confused with the Irish Saint Ruadan (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
      Farmer, Gill, Montague).

      "Just as England has her Cornwall, so has Brittany her Cornouille, viz.
      Amorican Cornwall....

      " Every sixth year a 'pardon' was held in honour of the sixth century
      saint S.Ronan. The Grande Tromenie is held on the second Sunday of July,
      and is a mass procession that follows the route [10 miles - Fr. A]taken
      by two oxen who, on the saint's death, were allowed to wander of their
      own accord from his place of death to a place of burial ( the hill
      outside the village of Locranon). After a service in the church nearly
      15,000 worshippers climb the hill with their relics, past crosses and
      other memorials. The author complained that he could only find
      refreshment at the summit in drinking syrups, each stickier than the
      last. How different, he complains, from the Godless hordes of England's
      Epsom and Derby Day.

      Extract from "The Grande Tromenie of Locronan,
      in Amorican Cornwall, Seen in July 1911 and
      Described by Niall, Duke of Argyll," Published London, 1914,
      Society of Ss. Peter & Paul


      St. Whyte (Gwen, White, Wite, Witta, Candida)
      Anchoress and Martyr
      ------------------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. We don't really know much about Saint Whyte, though there
      are several possibilities according to various legends. She gave her
      name to the place where she is buried, Whitchurch Canonicorum in Dorset.
      Her modest shrine is the only one, other than that of Saint Edward the
      Confessor, to have survived intact. There are several theories on her
      identification. She may be a West Saxon of whom no other record
      survives. She might be the Welsh Saint Gwen whose relics King Athelstan
      gave to this church. A third theory holds that Saint Whyte is actually
      the male Bishop Saint Albinus of Buraburg, also known as Saint Witta, a
      companion of Saint Boniface, martyred with him and then translated back
      to Wessex. William Worcestre and John Gerard both mentioned her relics.
      Thomas More referred to the custom of offering cakes or cheese to the
      saint on her feast--probably only at this church. In 1900, her leaden
      coffin was opened. It was inscribed "Hic requiescunt reliquie sancte
      Wite." The badly damaged reliquary held the bones of a small woman who
      died about the age of 40, so it appears that the third theory fails
      (Farmer).

      Additional information: St. Whyte (Gwen) was a Saxon murdered by Danish
      pirates, according to Alan Smith's book, Sixty Saxon Saints. The church
      where her relics are enshrined was given by King Alfred to his youngest
      son. The shrine itself is 13th
      century.


      St. Wistan, King of England, Martyred at Evesham
      (Winston, Wystan, Wigstan)
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Died June 1, 849. Wistan, prince of Mercia and grandson of King Wiglaf
      of Mercia (827-840), is said to have been put to death by King Bertulph
      (Bertric or Brifardus) of Mercia, when he was regent of the kingdom
      during Wistan's youth. Bertulph was his great-uncle, brother to Wiglaf.
      The murder may have been because Wistan opposed the marriage of his
      mother Enfleda, daughter of Celwulph, to Bertulph (believing it to be
      incestuous) or simply because Wistan would eventually come of age and
      reclaim power. Bertulph's son Berfert (or Brithfard), who would be
      heir, invited Wiston to meet him at what is now Wistanstow (Wistow in
      Leicestershire?). As the saint saluted his cousin with a kiss of peace,
      Berfert cut off the upper part of his head with his sword. Then an
      attendant stabbed him and three of his companions. Before the end of
      the year, Bertulph
      was deposed by King Ethelwolph.

      Wistan was buried by his mother in Repton Abbey in Derbyshire near his
      father Wigmund and grandfather. The site of a peculiarly extravagant
      legend: According to Thomas of Marleberge, writing in the 12th century,
      annually 'hair' grew from the ground at Wistanstow where the martyr
      fell. The phenomenon was verified by a commission sent by Archbishop
      Baldwin of Canterbury. In 1019, his relics were translated to the site
      of his shrine at in Evesham Abbey at the request of Abbot Alfwaerd, who
      later became bishop of London.

      Some of Wistan miracles were suspected and verified twice. During the
      lifetime of Blessed Lanfranc (f.d. May 24), Walter of Cerisy was abbot
      of Evesham. He subjected Wistan's severed head to an ordeal by fire
      from which it emerged unscathed.

      Wistan had a popular local cultus at Shropshire and Evesham. There are
      three ancient church dedications to Saint Wistan, including those at
      Wistow and Wigston. (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

      In art, Wistan is a Saxon prince leaning on a sword. He is venerated at
      Repton (Roeder).


      St. Tegla (Thecla) of Denbighshire, Virgin
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. Tegla is the titular patron of the church and holy well at
      Llandegla in Denbighshire (Benedictines).


      St. Ronan of Kilmaronen, Bishop
      --------------------------------------------
      (also known as Ruadan, Ruadhan)
      Main feastday is 7 February.

      Saint Ronan, a Scottish bishop of Kilmaronen, has erroneously been
      identified as the Irish monk mentioned by the Venerable Bede as the
      defender of the Roman calculation for the date of Easter at the Synod of
      Whitby. St. Ronan's Well at Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, was popularised
      by one of Sir Walter Scott's novels. According to tradition, Ronan came
      into the valley and drove out the devil. This event is remembered
      annually at the end of "Saint Ronan's Games" in July when a schoolboy,
      given a pastoral staff, is chosen to represent the saint as he "cleeks
      the devil" (Farmer).


      St. Caprasius (Caprais) of Lerins, Abbot
      --------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Gaul; died c. 430. Saint Caprasius retired to the island of
      Lerins to live as a hermit. He wasn't alone for long. Soon he was joined
      by Saint Honoratus and his elder brother Saint Venantius. Together they
      travelled to the East to visit the monastic colonies there. Venantius
      died in Greece; the other two returned to Lerins, where Saint Honoratus
      founded the famous abbey, and on his being appointed bishop of Arles, he
      was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Herve of Brittany * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany * St. Whyte
      Message 2 of 14 , May 31, 2009
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Herve of Brittany
        * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany
        * St. Whyte of Dorset
        * St. Wistan of Evesham
        * St. Thecla of Denbighshire
        * St. Ronan of Kilmaronen
        * St. Caprais of Lerins
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Herve of Brittany, Abbot
        --------------------------------------
        (Harvey, Herveus, Huva)

        Died 575 AD.. Saint Herve is venerated throughout Brittany but we have
        few reliable particulars on him--his life was not written until the late
        medieval period. All we really know is that he was a hermit in Brittany,
        where he is still highly venerated and where Herve is one of the most
        popular names for boys.

        The story goes that a young British bard named Hyvarnion, a pupil of
        Saint Cadoc, lived at the court of Childebert, king of the Franks. After
        four years, desiring to return to his native land, he set off through
        Brittany, where one day, riding through a wood, he heard a young girl
        singing. The sweetness of her voice made him curious and, dismounting
        from his horse, he made his way through the trees to where in a sunny
        glade he found a maiden gathering herbs. He asked her what they were
        for. "This herb,"
        she replied, "drives away sadness, that one banishes blindness, and I
        look for the herb of life that drives away death." Hyvarnion, forgetting
        his homeward journey, in that hour loved her, and later he married her.

        After three years they had a son who was born blind, and in their sorrow
        they called him Herve, which means bitterness. When he was two years
        old, his father died, and the mother, Rivanon, and child were left poor
        and friendless. In her grief she sang to him and he grew up to love
        poetry and music. When Herve was seven, Rivanon gave him into the care
        of a holy man named Arthian and she became a hermit. The child wandered
        about the countryside singing and begging, led by a white dog which he
        held on a string. To this day the Bretons sing a ballad of the blind
        child, led by his dog, singing as he shivered in the wind and the rain,
        with no shoes on his bare feet, his teeth chattering with the cold.

        At age 14, with his mother's approval, he sought out an uncle who was a
        hermit and kept a monastic school in the forest at Plouvien. His uncle
        welcomed him, and soon Herve excelled in knowledge beyond all his other
        pupils. On his uncle's death, he became abbot. Every morning the
        children gathered to be taught by their blind master, and every evening
        they left "like a swarm of bees issuing from a hollow oak." He
        instructed them in music and poetry, and, above all, in the Christian
        way of life.

        "When you wake up in bed," he said, "offer your hearts to the good God,
        make the sign of the Cross and say with faith and hope and love, 'I give
        You my heart, my body and my soul. Make me a good man.' When you see a
        crow fly, think of the devil, black and evil. When you see a dove fly,
        think of your angel, gentle and white. Think of God, as the sun makes
        the wild roses bloom on the mountains. In the evening, before going to
        bed, say your prayers that a white angel may come from heaven and watch
        you till the dawn. This is the true way to live as Christians. Practice
        my song, and you will lead holy lives."

        In addition to teaching, Herve worked the fields near the school. He was
        venerated for his holiness and his miracles. One day a wolf ate the
        donkey with which he was ploughing the fields. The young child who was
        Herve's guide cried out in fear, but at Herve's prayers, the wolf put
        himself into the donkey's harness and finished the work to be done.

        Later he decided to move the community to Leon. There the bishop wanted
        to ordain him priest, but Herve humbly declined. Thus, although he was
        never a priest, Herve is said to have participated in the solemn
        anathematizing of the tyrannical ruler Conomor, c. 550. From Leon the
        holy group travelled west. Beside the road to Lesneven is the fountain
        of Saint Herve, which he is said to have caused to flow to satisfy the
        thirst of his companions. Finally, they settled and Herve built a
        monastery at Lanhouarneau in Finistere, which earned a great reputation.

        Coming out from his monastery, where he lived for the rest of his life,
        Herve would travel forth periodically to preach or act as exorcist. He
        was no longer led by a white dog, but by his little niece, Kristine, who
        lived near him in a cottage of thatch and wattle built for her by the
        monks, and who, gay as a fairy, sang to him as she gathered flowers for
        the altar. When he came to die, he said to her: "Tina, my dear, make my
        bed ready, but make it not as is wont. Make it on the hard earth, before
        the altar, at the feet of Jesus. Place a stone for my bolster, and strew
        my bed with ashes." Weeping, she carried out his wish, and said: "May I
        follow in due course, as the boat follows the ship."

        As his monks watched at his deathbed, they were said to have heard the
        music of the heavenly choirs welcoming him to heaven. So died the blind
        Breton saint, who had taught in the school in the forest, and who all
        his life, despite his blindness, had given glory to God.

        Until the French Revolution, a chapel (now destroyed) near Cleder in
        Finistere possessed a most unusual relics: the cradle in which Saint
        Herve had been rocked (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia,
        Gill, White).

        In art, Saint Herveus is a blind abbot telling frogs to be quiet or
        being led by a wolf (Roeder) or his child guide. He is invoked against
        eye problems (Delaney). Breton mothers threaten their mischievous
        children with his wolf (White).

        Image of St Herve
        http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/sainth09.htm

        St Hervй is thought to be the composer of the popular and moving "kantik
        ar baradoz" (an hymn to paradise) often sung at funerals. To listen to
        it:
        http://perso.wanadoo.fr/per.kentel/kantikou/sons/ar_baradoz.mid


        Troparion of St Herve Tone l
        O Herve, thou minstrel and teacher of the Faith,/ thy sweet voice
        enlightened the darkness though thou wast born without the gift of
        sight./ Pray that the light of Christ may ever dispel the new pagan
        darkness from our lands,/ that God may be glorified.


        St. Ruadan of Cornwall (of Quimper), Bishop
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        (also known as Ronan, Rumon, Ruadhan, Ruan)

        Died 6th century. Ordained by Saint Patrick. Saint Ruadan was patron of
        the abbey of Tavistock in Devonshire, as well as several places in
        Cornwall and Brittany. He is important in the traditions of Brittany,
        where he died, and the region of Laon. Ruadan is buried at Locronan.
        Every six years the faithful make a processional pilgrimage along the
        traditional 10-mile route
        followed by Ruadan during his mission. Today's saint should not be
        confused with the Irish Saint Ruadan (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
        Farmer, Gill, Montague).

        "Just as England has her Cornwall, so has Brittany her Cornouille, viz.
        Amorican Cornwall....

        " Every sixth year a 'pardon' was held in honour of the sixth century
        saint S.Ronan. The Grande Tromenie is held on the second Sunday of July,
        and is a mass procession that follows the route [10 miles - Fr. A]taken
        by two oxen who, on the saint's death, were allowed to wander of their
        own accord from his place of death to a place of burial ( the hill
        outside the village of Locranon). After a service in the church nearly
        15,000 worshippers climb the hill with their relics, past crosses and
        other memorials. The author complained that he could only find
        refreshment at the summit in drinking syrups, each stickier than the
        last. How different, he complains, from the Godless hordes of England's
        Epsom and Derby Day.

        Extract from "The Grande Tromenie of Locronan,
        in Amorican Cornwall, Seen in July 1911 and
        Described by Niall, Duke of Argyll," Published London, 1914,
        Society of Ss. Peter & Paul


        St. Whyte (Gwen, White, Wite, Witta, Candida)
        Anchoress and Martyr
        ------------------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. We don't really know much about Saint Whyte, though there
        are several possibilities according to various legends. She gave her
        name to the place where she is buried, Whitchurch Canonicorum in Dorset.
        Her modest shrine is the only one, other than that of Saint Edward the
        Confessor, to have survived intact. There are several theories on her
        identification. She may be a West Saxon of whom no other record
        survives. She might be the Welsh Saint Gwen whose relics King Athelstan
        gave to this church. A third theory holds that Saint Whyte is actually
        the male Bishop Saint Albinus of Buraburg, also known as Saint Witta, a
        companion of Saint Boniface, martyred with him and then translated back
        to Wessex. William Worcestre and John Gerard both mentioned her relics.
        Thomas More referred to the custom of offering cakes or cheese to the
        saint on her feast--probably only at this church. In 1900, her leaden
        coffin was opened. It was inscribed "Hic requiescunt reliquie sancte
        Wite." The badly damaged reliquary held the bones of a small woman who
        died about the age of 40, so it appears that the third theory fails
        (Farmer).

        Additional information: St. Whyte (Gwen) was a Saxon murdered by Danish
        pirates, according to Alan Smith's book, Sixty Saxon Saints. The church
        where her relics are enshrined was given by King Alfred to his youngest
        son. The shrine itself is 13th
        century.


        St. Wistan, King of England, Martyred at Evesham
        (Winston, Wystan, Wigstan)
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Died June 1, 849. Wistan, prince of Mercia and grandson of King Wiglaf
        of Mercia (827-840), is said to have been put to death by King Bertulph
        (Bertric or Brifardus) of Mercia, when he was regent of the kingdom
        during Wistan's youth. Bertulph was his great-uncle, brother to Wiglaf.
        The murder may have been because Wistan opposed the marriage of his
        mother Enfleda, daughter of Celwulph, to Bertulph (believing it to be
        incestuous) or simply because Wistan would eventually come of age and
        reclaim power. Bertulph's son Berfert (or Brithfard), who would be
        heir, invited Wiston to meet him at what is now Wistanstow (Wistow in
        Leicestershire?). As the saint saluted his cousin with a kiss of peace,
        Berfert cut off the upper part of his head with his sword. Then an
        attendant stabbed him and three of his companions. Before the end of
        the year, Bertulph
        was deposed by King Ethelwolph.

        Wistan was buried by his mother in Repton Abbey in Derbyshire near his
        father Wigmund and grandfather. The site of a peculiarly extravagant
        legend: According to Thomas of Marleberge, writing in the 12th century,
        annually 'hair' grew from the ground at Wistanstow where the martyr
        fell. The phenomenon was verified by a commission sent by Archbishop
        Baldwin of Canterbury. In 1019, his relics were translated to the site
        of his shrine at in Evesham Abbey at the request of Abbot Alfwaerd, who
        later became bishop of London.

        Some of Wistan miracles were suspected and verified twice. During the
        lifetime of Blessed Lanfranc (f.d. May 24), Walter of Cerisy was abbot
        of Evesham. He subjected Wistan's severed head to an ordeal by fire
        from which it emerged unscathed.

        Wistan had a popular local cultus at Shropshire and Evesham. There are
        three ancient church dedications to Saint Wistan, including those at
        Wistow and Wigston. (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

        In art, Wistan is a Saxon prince leaning on a sword. He is venerated at
        Repton (Roeder).


        St. Tegla (Thecla) of Denbighshire, Virgin
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. Tegla is the titular patron of the church and holy well at
        Llandegla in Denbighshire (Benedictines).


        St. Ronan of Kilmaronen, Bishop
        --------------------------------------------
        (also known as Ruadan, Ruadhan)
        Main feastday is 7 February.

        Saint Ronan, a Scottish bishop of Kilmaronen, has erroneously been
        identified as the Irish monk mentioned by the Venerable Bede as the
        defender of the Roman calculation for the date of Easter at the Synod of
        Whitby. St. Ronan's Well at Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, was popularised
        by one of Sir Walter Scott's novels. According to tradition, Ronan came
        into the valley and drove out the devil. This event is remembered
        annually at the end of "Saint Ronan's Games" in July when a schoolboy,
        given a pastoral staff, is chosen to represent the saint as he "cleeks
        the devil" (Farmer).


        St. Caprasius (Caprais) of Lerins, Abbot
        --------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Gaul; died c. 430. Saint Caprasius retired to the island of
        Lerins to live as a hermit. He wasn't alone for long. Soon he was joined
        by Saint Honoratus and his elder brother Saint Venantius. Together they
        travelled to the East to visit the monastic colonies there. Venantius
        died in Greece; the other two returned to Lerins, where Saint Honoratus
        founded the famous abbey, and on his being appointed bishop of Arles, he
        was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        1. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

        2. The website of Kathleen Hanrahan - in monthly calendar format
        http://celticsaints.org/

        3. Mail Archive
        http://www.mail-archive.com/celt-saints@yahoogroups.com/

        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Herve of Brittany * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany * St. Whyte
        Message 3 of 14 , Jun 1, 2010
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Herve of Brittany
          * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany
          * St. Whyte of Dorset
          * St. Wistan of Evesham
          * St. Thecla of Denbighshire
          * St. Ronan of Kilmaronen
          * St. Caprais of Lerins
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Herve of Brittany, Abbot
          --------------------------------------
          (Harvey, Herveus, Huva)

          Died 575 AD.. Saint Herve is venerated throughout Brittany but we have
          few reliable particulars on him--his life was not written until the late
          medieval period. All we really know is that he was a hermit in Brittany,
          where he is still highly venerated and where Herve is one of the most
          popular names for boys.

          The story goes that a young British bard named Hyvarnion, a pupil of
          Saint Cadoc, lived at the court of Childebert, king of the Franks. After
          four years, desiring to return to his native land, he set off through
          Brittany, where one day, riding through a wood, he heard a young girl
          singing. The sweetness of her voice made him curious and, dismounting
          from his horse, he made his way through the trees to where in a sunny
          glade he found a maiden gathering herbs. He asked her what they were
          for. "This herb,"
          she replied, "drives away sadness, that one banishes blindness, and I
          look for the herb of life that drives away death." Hyvarnion, forgetting
          his homeward journey, in that hour loved her, and later he married her.

          After three years they had a son who was born blind, and in their sorrow
          they called him Herve, which means bitterness. When he was two years
          old, his father died, and the mother, Rivanon, and child were left poor
          and friendless. In her grief she sang to him and he grew up to love
          poetry and music. When Herve was seven, Rivanon gave him into the care
          of a holy man named Arthian and she became a hermit. The child wandered
          about the countryside singing and begging, led by a white dog which he
          held on a string. To this day the Bretons sing a ballad of the blind
          child, led by his dog, singing as he shivered in the wind and the rain,
          with no shoes on his bare feet, his teeth chattering with the cold.

          At age 14, with his mother's approval, he sought out an uncle who was a
          hermit and kept a monastic school in the forest at Plouvien. His uncle
          welcomed him, and soon Herve excelled in knowledge beyond all his other
          pupils. On his uncle's death, he became abbot. Every morning the
          children gathered to be taught by their blind master, and every evening
          they left "like a swarm of bees issuing from a hollow oak." He
          instructed them in music and poetry, and, above all, in the Christian
          way of life.

          "When you wake up in bed," he said, "offer your hearts to the good God,
          make the sign of the Cross and say with faith and hope and love, 'I give
          You my heart, my body and my soul. Make me a good man.' When you see a
          crow fly, think of the devil, black and evil. When you see a dove fly,
          think of your angel, gentle and white. Think of God, as the sun makes
          the wild roses bloom on the mountains. In the evening, before going to
          bed, say your prayers that a white angel may come from heaven and watch
          you till the dawn. This is the true way to live as Christians. Practice
          my song, and you will lead holy lives."

          In addition to teaching, Herve worked the fields near the school. He was
          venerated for his holiness and his miracles. One day a wolf ate the
          donkey with which he was ploughing the fields. The young child who was
          Herve's guide cried out in fear, but at Herve's prayers, the wolf put
          himself into the donkey's harness and finished the work to be done.

          Later he decided to move the community to Leon. There the bishop wanted
          to ordain him priest, but Herve humbly declined. Thus, although he was
          never a priest, Herve is said to have participated in the solemn
          anathematizing of the tyrannical ruler Conomor, c. 550. From Leon the
          holy group travelled west. Beside the road to Lesneven is the fountain
          of Saint Herve, which he is said to have caused to flow to satisfy the
          thirst of his companions. Finally, they settled and Herve built a
          monastery at Lanhouarneau in Finistere, which earned a great reputation.

          Coming out from his monastery, where he lived for the rest of his life,
          Herve would travel forth periodically to preach or act as exorcist. He
          was no longer led by a white dog, but by his little niece, Kristine, who
          lived near him in a cottage of thatch and wattle built for her by the
          monks, and who, gay as a fairy, sang to him as she gathered flowers for
          the altar. When he came to die, he said to her: "Tina, my dear, make my
          bed ready, but make it not as is wont. Make it on the hard earth, before
          the altar, at the feet of Jesus. Place a stone for my bolster, and strew
          my bed with ashes." Weeping, she carried out his wish, and said: "May I
          follow in due course, as the boat follows the ship."

          As his monks watched at his deathbed, they were said to have heard the
          music of the heavenly choirs welcoming him to heaven. So died the blind
          Breton saint, who had taught in the school in the forest, and who all
          his life, despite his blindness, had given glory to God.

          Until the French Revolution, a chapel (now destroyed) near Cleder in
          Finistere possessed a most unusual relics: the cradle in which Saint
          Herve had been rocked (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia,
          Gill, White).

          In art, Saint Herveus is a blind abbot telling frogs to be quiet or
          being led by a wolf (Roeder) or his child guide. He is invoked against
          eye problems (Delaney). Breton mothers threaten their mischievous
          children with his wolf (White).

          Image of St Herve
          http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/sainth09.htm

          St Hervй is thought to be the composer of the popular and moving "kantik
          ar baradoz" (an hymn to paradise) often sung at funerals. To listen to
          it:
          http://perso.wanadoo.fr/per.kentel/kantikou/sons/ar_baradoz.mid


          Troparion of St Herve Tone l
          O Herve, thou minstrel and teacher of the Faith,/ thy sweet voice
          enlightened the darkness though thou wast born without the gift of
          sight./ Pray that the light of Christ may ever dispel the new pagan
          darkness from our lands,/ that God may be glorified.


          St. Ruadan of Cornwall (of Quimper), Bishop
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          (also known as Ronan, Rumon, Ruadhan, Ruan)

          Died 6th century. Ordained by Saint Patrick. Saint Ruadan was patron of
          the abbey of Tavistock in Devonshire, as well as several places in
          Cornwall and Brittany. He is important in the traditions of Brittany,
          where he died, and the region of Laon. Ruadan is buried at Locronan.
          Every six years the faithful make a processional pilgrimage along the
          traditional 10-mile route
          followed by Ruadan during his mission. Today's saint should not be
          confused with the Irish Saint Ruadan (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
          Farmer, Gill, Montague).

          "Just as England has her Cornwall, so has Brittany her Cornouille, viz.
          Amorican Cornwall....

          " Every sixth year a 'pardon' was held in honour of the sixth century
          saint S.Ronan. The Grande Tromenie is held on the second Sunday of July,
          and is a mass procession that follows the route [10 miles - Fr. A]taken
          by two oxen who, on the saint's death, were allowed to wander of their
          own accord from his place of death to a place of burial ( the hill
          outside the village of Locranon). After a service in the church nearly
          15,000 worshippers climb the hill with their relics, past crosses and
          other memorials. The author complained that he could only find
          refreshment at the summit in drinking syrups, each stickier than the
          last. How different, he complains, from the Godless hordes of England's
          Epsom and Derby Day.

          Extract from "The Grande Tromenie of Locronan,
          in Amorican Cornwall, Seen in July 1911 and
          Described by Niall, Duke of Argyll," Published London, 1914,
          Society of Ss. Peter & Paul


          St. Whyte (Gwen, White, Wite, Witta, Candida)
          Anchoress and Martyr
          ------------------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. We don't really know much about Saint Whyte, though there
          are several possibilities according to various legends. She gave her
          name to the place where she is buried, Whitchurch Canonicorum in Dorset.
          Her modest shrine is the only one, other than that of Saint Edward the
          Confessor, to have survived intact. There are several theories on her
          identification. She may be a West Saxon of whom no other record
          survives. She might be the Welsh Saint Gwen whose relics King Athelstan
          gave to this church. A third theory holds that Saint Whyte is actually
          the male Bishop Saint Albinus of Buraburg, also known as Saint Witta, a
          companion of Saint Boniface, martyred with him and then translated back
          to Wessex. William Worcestre and John Gerard both mentioned her relics.
          Thomas More referred to the custom of offering cakes or cheese to the
          saint on her feast--probably only at this church. In 1900, her leaden
          coffin was opened. It was inscribed "Hic requiescunt reliquie sancte
          Wite." The badly damaged reliquary held the bones of a small woman who
          died about the age of 40, so it appears that the third theory fails
          (Farmer).

          Additional information: St. Whyte (Gwen) was a Saxon murdered by Danish
          pirates, according to Alan Smith's book, Sixty Saxon Saints. The church
          where her relics are enshrined was given by King Alfred to his youngest
          son. The shrine itself is 13th
          century.


          St. Wistan, King of England, Martyred at Evesham
          (Winston, Wystan, Wigstan)
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Died June 1, 849. Wistan, prince of Mercia and grandson of King Wiglaf
          of Mercia (827-840), is said to have been put to death by King Bertulph
          (Bertric or Brifardus) of Mercia, when he was regent of the kingdom
          during Wistan's youth. Bertulph was his great-uncle, brother to Wiglaf.
          The murder may have been because Wistan opposed the marriage of his
          mother Enfleda, daughter of Celwulph, to Bertulph (believing it to be
          incestuous) or simply because Wistan would eventually come of age and
          reclaim power. Bertulph's son Berfert (or Brithfard), who would be
          heir, invited Wiston to meet him at what is now Wistanstow (Wistow in
          Leicestershire?). As the saint saluted his cousin with a kiss of peace,
          Berfert cut off the upper part of his head with his sword. Then an
          attendant stabbed him and three of his companions. Before the end of
          the year, Bertulph
          was deposed by King Ethelwolph.

          Wistan was buried by his mother in Repton Abbey in Derbyshire near his
          father Wigmund and grandfather. The site of a peculiarly extravagant
          legend: According to Thomas of Marleberge, writing in the 12th century,
          annually 'hair' grew from the ground at Wistanstow where the martyr
          fell. The phenomenon was verified by a commission sent by Archbishop
          Baldwin of Canterbury. In 1019, his relics were translated to the site
          of his shrine at in Evesham Abbey at the request of Abbot Alfwaerd, who
          later became bishop of London.

          Some of Wistan miracles were suspected and verified twice. During the
          lifetime of Blessed Lanfranc (f.d. May 24), Walter of Cerisy was abbot
          of Evesham. He subjected Wistan's severed head to an ordeal by fire
          from which it emerged unscathed.

          Wistan had a popular local cultus at Shropshire and Evesham. There are
          three ancient church dedications to Saint Wistan, including those at
          Wistow and Wigston. (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

          In art, Wistan is a Saxon prince leaning on a sword. He is venerated at
          Repton (Roeder).


          St. Tegla (Thecla) of Denbighshire, Virgin
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. Tegla is the titular patron of the church and holy well at
          Llandegla in Denbighshire (Benedictines).


          St. Ronan of Kilmaronen, Bishop
          --------------------------------------------
          (also known as Ruadan, Ruadhan)
          Main feastday is 7 February.

          Saint Ronan, a Scottish bishop of Kilmaronen, has erroneously been
          identified as the Irish monk mentioned by the Venerable Bede as the
          defender of the Roman calculation for the date of Easter at the Synod of
          Whitby. St. Ronan's Well at Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, was popularised
          by one of Sir Walter Scott's novels. According to tradition, Ronan came
          into the valley and drove out the devil. This event is remembered
          annually at the end of "Saint Ronan's Games" in July when a schoolboy,
          given a pastoral staff, is chosen to represent the saint as he "cleeks
          the devil" (Farmer).


          St. Caprasius (Caprais) of Lerins, Abbot
          --------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Gaul; died c. 430. Saint Caprasius retired to the island of
          Lerins to live as a hermit. He wasn't alone for long. Soon he was joined
          by Saint Honoratus and his elder brother Saint Venantius. Together they
          travelled to the East to visit the monastic colonies there. Venantius
          died in Greece; the other two returned to Lerins, where Saint Honoratus
          founded the famous abbey, and on his being appointed bishop of Arles, he
          was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

          Lives kindly supplied by:
          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Herve of Brittany * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany * St. Whyte
          Message 4 of 14 , May 31, 2011
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Herve of Brittany
            * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany
            * St. Whyte of Dorset
            * St. Wistan of Evesham
            * St. Thecla of Denbighshire
            * St. Ronan of Kilmaronen
            * St. Caprais of Lerins
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Herve of Brittany, Abbot
            --------------------------------------
            (Harvey, Herveus, Huva)

            Died 575 AD.. Saint Herve is venerated throughout Brittany but we have
            few reliable particulars on him--his life was not written until the late
            medieval period. All we really know is that he was a hermit in Brittany,
            where he is still highly venerated and where Herve is one of the most
            popular names for boys.

            The story goes that a young British bard named Hyvarnion, a pupil of
            Saint Cadoc, lived at the court of Childebert, king of the Franks. After
            four years, desiring to return to his native land, he set off through
            Brittany, where one day, riding through a wood, he heard a young girl
            singing. The sweetness of her voice made him curious and, dismounting
            from his horse, he made his way through the trees to where in a sunny
            glade he found a maiden gathering herbs. He asked her what they were
            for. "This herb,"
            she replied, "drives away sadness, that one banishes blindness, and I
            look for the herb of life that drives away death." Hyvarnion, forgetting
            his homeward journey, in that hour loved her, and later he married her.

            After three years they had a son who was born blind, and in their sorrow
            they called him Herve, which means bitterness. When he was two years
            old, his father died, and the mother, Rivanon, and child were left poor
            and friendless. In her grief she sang to him and he grew up to love
            poetry and music. When Herve was seven, Rivanon gave him into the care
            of a holy man named Arthian and she became a hermit. The child wandered
            about the countryside singing and begging, led by a white dog which he
            held on a string. To this day the Bretons sing a ballad of the blind
            child, led by his dog, singing as he shivered in the wind and the rain,
            with no shoes on his bare feet, his teeth chattering with the cold.

            At age 14, with his mother's approval, he sought out an uncle who was a
            hermit and kept a monastic school in the forest at Plouvien. His uncle
            welcomed him, and soon Herve excelled in knowledge beyond all his other
            pupils. On his uncle's death, he became abbot. Every morning the
            children gathered to be taught by their blind master, and every evening
            they left "like a swarm of bees issuing from a hollow oak." He
            instructed them in music and poetry, and, above all, in the Christian
            way of life.

            "When you wake up in bed," he said, "offer your hearts to the good God,
            make the sign of the Cross and say with faith and hope and love, 'I give
            You my heart, my body and my soul. Make me a good man.' When you see a
            crow fly, think of the devil, black and evil. When you see a dove fly,
            think of your angel, gentle and white. Think of God, as the sun makes
            the wild roses bloom on the mountains. In the evening, before going to
            bed, say your prayers that a white angel may come from heaven and watch
            you till the dawn. This is the true way to live as Christians. Practice
            my song, and you will lead holy lives."

            In addition to teaching, Herve worked the fields near the school. He was
            venerated for his holiness and his miracles. One day a wolf ate the
            donkey with which he was ploughing the fields. The young child who was
            Herve's guide cried out in fear, but at Herve's prayers, the wolf put
            himself into the donkey's harness and finished the work to be done.

            Later he decided to move the community to Leon. There the bishop wanted
            to ordain him priest, but Herve humbly declined. Thus, although he was
            never a priest, Herve is said to have participated in the solemn
            anathematizing of the tyrannical ruler Conomor, c. 550. From Leon the
            holy group travelled west. Beside the road to Lesneven is the fountain
            of Saint Herve, which he is said to have caused to flow to satisfy the
            thirst of his companions. Finally, they settled and Herve built a
            monastery at Lanhouarneau in Finistere, which earned a great reputation.

            Coming out from his monastery, where he lived for the rest of his life,
            Herve would travel forth periodically to preach or act as exorcist. He
            was no longer led by a white dog, but by his little niece, Kristine, who
            lived near him in a cottage of thatch and wattle built for her by the
            monks, and who, gay as a fairy, sang to him as she gathered flowers for
            the altar. When he came to die, he said to her: "Tina, my dear, make my
            bed ready, but make it not as is wont. Make it on the hard earth, before
            the altar, at the feet of Jesus. Place a stone for my bolster, and strew
            my bed with ashes." Weeping, she carried out his wish, and said: "May I
            follow in due course, as the boat follows the ship."

            As his monks watched at his deathbed, they were said to have heard the
            music of the heavenly choirs welcoming him to heaven. So died the blind
            Breton saint, who had taught in the school in the forest, and who all
            his life, despite his blindness, had given glory to God.

            Until the French Revolution, a chapel (now destroyed) near Cleder in
            Finistere possessed a most unusual relics: the cradle in which Saint
            Herve had been rocked (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia,
            Gill, White).

            In art, Saint Herveus is a blind abbot telling frogs to be quiet or
            being led by a wolf (Roeder) or his child guide. He is invoked against
            eye problems (Delaney). Breton mothers threaten their mischievous
            children with his wolf (White).

            Image of St Herve
            http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/sainth09.htm

            St HervР№ is thought to be the composer of the popular and moving "kantik
            ar baradoz" (an hymn to paradise) often sung at funerals. To listen to
            it:
            http://perso.wanadoo.fr/per.kentel/kantikou/sons/ar_baradoz.mid


            Troparion of St Herve Tone l
            O Herve, thou minstrel and teacher of the Faith,/ thy sweet voice
            enlightened the darkness though thou wast born without the gift of
            sight./ Pray that the light of Christ may ever dispel the new pagan
            darkness from our lands,/ that God may be glorified.


            St. Ruadan of Cornwall (of Quimper), Bishop
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            (also known as Ronan, Rumon, Ruadhan, Ruan)

            Died 6th century. Ordained by Saint Patrick. Saint Ruadan was patron of
            the abbey of Tavistock in Devonshire, as well as several places in
            Cornwall and Brittany. He is important in the traditions of Brittany,
            where he died, and the region of Laon. Ruadan is buried at Locronan.
            Every six years the faithful make a processional pilgrimage along the
            traditional 10-mile route
            followed by Ruadan during his mission. Today's saint should not be
            confused with the Irish Saint Ruadan (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
            Farmer, Gill, Montague).

            "Just as England has her Cornwall, so has Brittany her Cornouille, viz.
            Amorican Cornwall....

            " Every sixth year a 'pardon' was held in honour of the sixth century
            saint S.Ronan. The Grande Tromenie is held on the second Sunday of July,
            and is a mass procession that follows the route [10 miles - Fr. A]taken
            by two oxen who, on the saint's death, were allowed to wander of their
            own accord from his place of death to a place of burial ( the hill
            outside the village of Locranon). After a service in the church nearly
            15,000 worshippers climb the hill with their relics, past crosses and
            other memorials. The author complained that he could only find
            refreshment at the summit in drinking syrups, each stickier than the
            last. How different, he complains, from the Godless hordes of England's
            Epsom and Derby Day.

            Extract from "The Grande Tromenie of Locronan,
            in Amorican Cornwall, Seen in July 1911 and
            Described by Niall, Duke of Argyll," Published London, 1914,
            Society of Ss. Peter & Paul


            St. Whyte (Gwen, White, Wite, Witta, Candida)
            Anchoress and Martyr
            ------------------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. We don't really know much about Saint Whyte, though there
            are several possibilities according to various legends. She gave her
            name to the place where she is buried, Whitchurch Canonicorum in Dorset.
            Her modest shrine is the only one, other than that of Saint Edward the
            Confessor, to have survived intact. There are several theories on her
            identification. She may be a West Saxon of whom no other record
            survives. She might be the Welsh Saint Gwen whose relics King Athelstan
            gave to this church. A third theory holds that Saint Whyte is actually
            the male Bishop Saint Albinus of Buraburg, also known as Saint Witta, a
            companion of Saint Boniface, martyred with him and then translated back
            to Wessex. William Worcestre and John Gerard both mentioned her relics.
            Thomas More referred to the custom of offering cakes or cheese to the
            saint on her feast--probably only at this church. In 1900, her leaden
            coffin was opened. It was inscribed "Hic requiescunt reliquie sancte
            Wite." The badly damaged reliquary held the bones of a small woman who
            died about the age of 40, so it appears that the third theory fails
            (Farmer).

            Additional information: St. Whyte (Gwen) was a Saxon murdered by Danish
            pirates, according to Alan Smith's book, Sixty Saxon Saints. The church
            where her relics are enshrined was given by King Alfred to his youngest
            son. The shrine itself is 13th
            century.


            St. Wistan, King of England, Martyred at Evesham
            (Winston, Wystan, Wigstan)
            ---------------------------------------------------------
            Died June 1, 849. Wistan, prince of Mercia and grandson of King Wiglaf
            of Mercia (827-840), is said to have been put to death by King Bertulph
            (Bertric or Brifardus) of Mercia, when he was regent of the kingdom
            during Wistan's youth. Bertulph was his great-uncle, brother to Wiglaf.
            The murder may have been because Wistan opposed the marriage of his
            mother Enfleda, daughter of Celwulph, to Bertulph (believing it to be
            incestuous) or simply because Wistan would eventually come of age and
            reclaim power. Bertulph's son Berfert (or Brithfard), who would be
            heir, invited Wiston to meet him at what is now Wistanstow (Wistow in
            Leicestershire?). As the saint saluted his cousin with a kiss of peace,
            Berfert cut off the upper part of his head with his sword. Then an
            attendant stabbed him and three of his companions. Before the end of
            the year, Bertulph
            was deposed by King Ethelwolph.

            Wistan was buried by his mother in Repton Abbey in Derbyshire near his
            father Wigmund and grandfather. The site of a peculiarly extravagant
            legend: According to Thomas of Marleberge, writing in the 12th century,
            annually 'hair' grew from the ground at Wistanstow where the martyr
            fell. The phenomenon was verified by a commission sent by Archbishop
            Baldwin of Canterbury. In 1019, his relics were translated to the site
            of his shrine at in Evesham Abbey at the request of Abbot Alfwaerd, who
            later became bishop of London.

            Some of Wistan miracles were suspected and verified twice. During the
            lifetime of Blessed Lanfranc (f.d. May 24), Walter of Cerisy was abbot
            of Evesham. He subjected Wistan's severed head to an ordeal by fire
            from which it emerged unscathed.

            Wistan had a popular local cultus at Shropshire and Evesham. There are
            three ancient church dedications to Saint Wistan, including those at
            Wistow and Wigston. (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

            In art, Wistan is a Saxon prince leaning on a sword. He is venerated at
            Repton (Roeder).


            St. Tegla (Thecla) of Denbighshire, Virgin
            ---------------------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. Tegla is the titular patron of the church and holy well at
            Llandegla in Denbighshire (Benedictines).


            St. Ronan of Kilmaronen, Bishop
            --------------------------------------------
            (also known as Ruadan, Ruadhan)
            Main feastday is 7 February.

            Saint Ronan, a Scottish bishop of Kilmaronen, has erroneously been
            identified as the Irish monk mentioned by the Venerable Bede as the
            defender of the Roman calculation for the date of Easter at the Synod of
            Whitby. St. Ronan's Well at Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, was popularised
            by one of Sir Walter Scott's novels. According to tradition, Ronan came
            into the valley and drove out the devil. This event is remembered
            annually at the end of "Saint Ronan's Games" in July when a schoolboy,
            given a pastoral staff, is chosen to represent the saint as he "cleeks
            the devil" (Farmer).


            St. Caprasius (Caprais) of Lerins, Abbot
            --------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Gaul; died c. 430. Saint Caprasius retired to the island of
            Lerins to live as a hermit. He wasn't alone for long. Soon he was joined
            by Saint Honoratus and his elder brother Saint Venantius. Together they
            travelled to the East to visit the monastic colonies there. Venantius
            died in Greece; the other two returned to Lerins, where Saint Honoratus
            founded the famous abbey, and on his being appointed bishop of Arles, he
            was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

            Lives kindly supplied by:
            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Herve of Brittany * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany * St. Whyte
            Message 5 of 14 , Jun 3, 2012
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Herve of Brittany
              * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany
              * St. Whyte of Dorset
              * St. Wistan of Evesham
              * St. Thecla of Denbighshire
              * St. Ronan of Kilmaronen
              * St. Caprais of Lerins
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Herve of Brittany, Abbot
              --------------------------------------
              (Harvey, Herveus, Huva)

              Died 575 AD.. Saint Herve is venerated throughout Brittany but we have
              few reliable particulars on him--his life was not written until the late
              medieval period. All we really know is that he was a hermit in Brittany,
              where he is still highly venerated and where Herve is one of the most
              popular names for boys.

              The story goes that a young British bard named Hyvarnion, a pupil of
              Saint Cadoc, lived at the court of Childebert, king of the Franks. After
              four years, desiring to return to his native land, he set off through
              Brittany, where one day, riding through a wood, he heard a young girl
              singing. The sweetness of her voice made him curious and, dismounting
              from his horse, he made his way through the trees to where in a sunny
              glade he found a maiden gathering herbs. He asked her what they were
              for. "This herb,"
              she replied, "drives away sadness, that one banishes blindness, and I
              look for the herb of life that drives away death." Hyvarnion, forgetting
              his homeward journey, in that hour loved her, and later he married her.

              After three years they had a son who was born blind, and in their sorrow
              they called him Herve, which means bitterness. When he was two years
              old, his father died, and the mother, Rivanon, and child were left poor
              and friendless. In her grief she sang to him and he grew up to love
              poetry and music. When Herve was seven, Rivanon gave him into the care
              of a holy man named Arthian and she became a hermit. The child wandered
              about the countryside singing and begging, led by a white dog which he
              held on a string. To this day the Bretons sing a ballad of the blind
              child, led by his dog, singing as he shivered in the wind and the rain,
              with no shoes on his bare feet, his teeth chattering with the cold.

              At age 14, with his mother's approval, he sought out an uncle who was a
              hermit and kept a monastic school in the forest at Plouvien. His uncle
              welcomed him, and soon Herve excelled in knowledge beyond all his other
              pupils. On his uncle's death, he became abbot. Every morning the
              children gathered to be taught by their blind master, and every evening
              they left "like a swarm of bees issuing from a hollow oak." He
              instructed them in music and poetry, and, above all, in the Christian
              way of life.

              "When you wake up in bed," he said, "offer your hearts to the good God,
              make the sign of the Cross and say with faith and hope and love, 'I give
              You my heart, my body and my soul. Make me a good man.' When you see a
              crow fly, think of the devil, black and evil. When you see a dove fly,
              think of your angel, gentle and white. Think of God, as the sun makes
              the wild roses bloom on the mountains. In the evening, before going to
              bed, say your prayers that a white angel may come from heaven and watch
              you till the dawn. This is the true way to live as Christians. Practice
              my song, and you will lead holy lives."

              In addition to teaching, Herve worked the fields near the school. He was
              venerated for his holiness and his miracles. One day a wolf ate the
              donkey with which he was ploughing the fields. The young child who was
              Herve's guide cried out in fear, but at Herve's prayers, the wolf put
              himself into the donkey's harness and finished the work to be done.

              Later he decided to move the community to Leon. There the bishop wanted
              to ordain him priest, but Herve humbly declined. Thus, although he was
              never a priest, Herve is said to have participated in the solemn
              anathematizing of the tyrannical ruler Conomor, c. 550. From Leon the
              holy group travelled west. Beside the road to Lesneven is the fountain
              of Saint Herve, which he is said to have caused to flow to satisfy the
              thirst of his companions. Finally, they settled and Herve built a
              monastery at Lanhouarneau in Finistere, which earned a great reputation.

              Coming out from his monastery, where he lived for the rest of his life,
              Herve would travel forth periodically to preach or act as exorcist. He
              was no longer led by a white dog, but by his little niece, Kristine, who
              lived near him in a cottage of thatch and wattle built for her by the
              monks, and who, gay as a fairy, sang to him as she gathered flowers for
              the altar. When he came to die, he said to her: "Tina, my dear, make my
              bed ready, but make it not as is wont. Make it on the hard earth, before
              the altar, at the feet of Jesus. Place a stone for my bolster, and strew
              my bed with ashes." Weeping, she carried out his wish, and said: "May I
              follow in due course, as the boat follows the ship."

              As his monks watched at his deathbed, they were said to have heard the
              music of the heavenly choirs welcoming him to heaven. So died the blind
              Breton saint, who had taught in the school in the forest, and who all
              his life, despite his blindness, had given glory to God.

              Until the French Revolution, a chapel (now destroyed) near Cleder in
              Finistere possessed a most unusual relics: the cradle in which Saint
              Herve had been rocked (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia,
              Gill, White).

              In art, Saint Herveus is a blind abbot telling frogs to be quiet or
              being led by a wolf (Roeder) or his child guide. He is invoked against
              eye problems (Delaney). Breton mothers threaten their mischievous
              children with his wolf (White).

              Image of St Herve
              http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/sainth09.htm

              St Hervп═Б└√ is thought to be the composer of the popular and moving "kantik
              ar baradoz" (an hymn to paradise) often sung at funerals. To listen to
              it:
              http://perso.wanadoo.fr/per.kentel/kantikou/sons/ar_baradoz.mid


              Troparion of St Herve Tone l
              O Herve, thou minstrel and teacher of the Faith,/ thy sweet voice
              enlightened the darkness though thou wast born without the gift of
              sight./ Pray that the light of Christ may ever dispel the new pagan
              darkness from our lands,/ that God may be glorified.


              St. Ruadan of Cornwall (of Quimper), Bishop
              -------------------------------------------------------------
              (also known as Ronan, Rumon, Ruadhan, Ruan)

              Died 6th century. Ordained by Saint Patrick. Saint Ruadan was patron of
              the abbey of Tavistock in Devonshire, as well as several places in
              Cornwall and Brittany. He is important in the traditions of Brittany,
              where he died, and the region of Laon. Ruadan is buried at Locronan.
              Every six years the faithful make a processional pilgrimage along the
              traditional 10-mile route
              followed by Ruadan during his mission. Today's saint should not be
              confused with the Irish Saint Ruadan (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
              Farmer, Gill, Montague).

              "Just as England has her Cornwall, so has Brittany her Cornouille, viz.
              Amorican Cornwall....

              " Every sixth year a 'pardon' was held in honour of the sixth century
              saint S.Ronan. The Grande Tromenie is held on the second Sunday of July,
              and is a mass procession that follows the route [10 miles - Fr. A]taken
              by two oxen who, on the saint's death, were allowed to wander of their
              own accord from his place of death to a place of burial ( the hill
              outside the village of Locranon). After a service in the church nearly
              15,000 worshippers climb the hill with their relics, past crosses and
              other memorials. The author complained that he could only find
              refreshment at the summit in drinking syrups, each stickier than the
              last. How different, he complains, from the Godless hordes of England's
              Epsom and Derby Day.

              Extract from "The Grande Tromenie of Locronan,
              in Amorican Cornwall, Seen in July 1911 and
              Described by Niall, Duke of Argyll," Published London, 1914,
              Society of Ss. Peter & Paul


              St. Whyte (Gwen, White, Wite, Witta, Candida)
              Anchoress and Martyr
              ------------------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. We don't really know much about Saint Whyte, though there
              are several possibilities according to various legends. She gave her
              name to the place where she is buried, Whitchurch Canonicorum in Dorset.
              Her modest shrine is the only one, other than that of Saint Edward the
              Confessor, to have survived intact. There are several theories on her
              identification. She may be a West Saxon of whom no other record
              survives. She might be the Welsh Saint Gwen whose relics King Athelstan
              gave to this church. A third theory holds that Saint Whyte is actually
              the male Bishop Saint Albinus of Buraburg, also known as Saint Witta, a
              companion of Saint Boniface, martyred with him and then translated back
              to Wessex. William Worcestre and John Gerard both mentioned her relics.
              Thomas More referred to the custom of offering cakes or cheese to the
              saint on her feast--probably only at this church. In 1900, her leaden
              coffin was opened. It was inscribed "Hic requiescunt reliquie sancte
              Wite." The badly damaged reliquary held the bones of a small woman who
              died about the age of 40, so it appears that the third theory fails
              (Farmer).

              Additional information: St. Whyte (Gwen) was a Saxon murdered by Danish
              pirates, according to Alan Smith's book, Sixty Saxon Saints. The church
              where her relics are enshrined was given by King Alfred to his youngest
              son. The shrine itself is 13th
              century.


              St. Wistan, King of England, Martyred at Evesham
              (Winston, Wystan, Wigstan)
              ---------------------------------------------------------
              Died June 1, 849. Wistan, prince of Mercia and grandson of King Wiglaf
              of Mercia (827-840), is said to have been put to death by King Bertulph
              (Bertric or Brifardus) of Mercia, when he was regent of the kingdom
              during Wistan's youth. Bertulph was his great-uncle, brother to Wiglaf.
              The murder may have been because Wistan opposed the marriage of his
              mother Enfleda, daughter of Celwulph, to Bertulph (believing it to be
              incestuous) or simply because Wistan would eventually come of age and
              reclaim power. Bertulph's son Berfert (or Brithfard), who would be
              heir, invited Wiston to meet him at what is now Wistanstow (Wistow in
              Leicestershire?). As the saint saluted his cousin with a kiss of peace,
              Berfert cut off the upper part of his head with his sword. Then an
              attendant stabbed him and three of his companions. Before the end of
              the year, Bertulph
              was deposed by King Ethelwolph.

              Wistan was buried by his mother in Repton Abbey in Derbyshire near his
              father Wigmund and grandfather. The site of a peculiarly extravagant
              legend: According to Thomas of Marleberge, writing in the 12th century,
              annually 'hair' grew from the ground at Wistanstow where the martyr
              fell. The phenomenon was verified by a commission sent by Archbishop
              Baldwin of Canterbury. In 1019, his relics were translated to the site
              of his shrine at in Evesham Abbey at the request of Abbot Alfwaerd, who
              later became bishop of London.

              Some of Wistan miracles were suspected and verified twice. During the
              lifetime of Blessed Lanfranc (f.d. May 24), Walter of Cerisy was abbot
              of Evesham. He subjected Wistan's severed head to an ordeal by fire
              from which it emerged unscathed.

              Wistan had a popular local cultus at Shropshire and Evesham. There are
              three ancient church dedications to Saint Wistan, including those at
              Wistow and Wigston. (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

              In art, Wistan is a Saxon prince leaning on a sword. He is venerated at
              Repton (Roeder).


              St. Tegla (Thecla) of Denbighshire, Virgin
              ---------------------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. Tegla is the titular patron of the church and holy well at
              Llandegla in Denbighshire (Benedictines).


              St. Ronan of Kilmaronen, Bishop
              --------------------------------------------
              (also known as Ruadan, Ruadhan)
              Main feastday is 7 February.

              Saint Ronan, a Scottish bishop of Kilmaronen, has erroneously been
              identified as the Irish monk mentioned by the Venerable Bede as the
              defender of the Roman calculation for the date of Easter at the Synod of
              Whitby. St. Ronan's Well at Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, was popularised
              by one of Sir Walter Scott's novels. According to tradition, Ronan came
              into the valley and drove out the devil. This event is remembered
              annually at the end of "Saint Ronan's Games" in July when a schoolboy,
              given a pastoral staff, is chosen to represent the saint as he "cleeks
              the devil" (Farmer).


              St. Caprasius (Caprais) of Lerins, Abbot
              --------------------------------------------------------
              Born in Gaul; died c. 430. Saint Caprasius retired to the island of
              Lerins to live as a hermit. He wasn't alone for long. Soon he was joined
              by Saint Honoratus and his elder brother Saint Venantius. Together they
              travelled to the East to visit the monastic colonies there. Venantius
              died in Greece; the other two returned to Lerins, where Saint Honoratus
              founded the famous abbey, and on his being appointed bishop of Arles, he
              was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

              Lives kindly supplied by:
              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Herve of Brittany * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany * St. Whyte
              Message 6 of 14 , Jun 1, 2013
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 1 June

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Herve of Brittany
                * St. Ruadan of Cornwall & Brittany
                * St. Whyte of Dorset
                * St. Wistan of Evesham
                * St. Thecla of Denbighshire
                * St. Ronan of Kilmaronen
                * St. Caprais of Lerins
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Herve of Brittany, Abbot
                --------------------------------------
                (Harvey, Herveus, Huva)

                Died 575 AD.. Saint Herve is venerated throughout Brittany but we have
                few reliable particulars on him--his life was not written until the late
                medieval period. All we really know is that he was a hermit in Brittany,
                where he is still highly venerated and where Herve is one of the most
                popular names for boys.

                The story goes that a young British bard named Hyvarnion, a pupil of
                Saint Cadoc, lived at the court of Childebert, king of the Franks. After
                four years, desiring to return to his native land, he set off through
                Brittany, where one day, riding through a wood, he heard a young girl
                singing. The sweetness of her voice made him curious and, dismounting
                from his horse, he made his way through the trees to where in a sunny
                glade he found a maiden gathering herbs. He asked her what they were
                for. "This herb,"
                she replied, "drives away sadness, that one banishes blindness, and I
                look for the herb of life that drives away death." Hyvarnion, forgetting
                his homeward journey, in that hour loved her, and later he married her.

                After three years they had a son who was born blind, and in their sorrow
                they called him Herve, which means bitterness. When he was two years
                old, his father died, and the mother, Rivanon, and child were left poor
                and friendless. In her grief she sang to him and he grew up to love
                poetry and music. When Herve was seven, Rivanon gave him into the care
                of a holy man named Arthian and she became a hermit. The child wandered
                about the countryside singing and begging, led by a white dog which he
                held on a string. To this day the Bretons sing a ballad of the blind
                child, led by his dog, singing as he shivered in the wind and the rain,
                with no shoes on his bare feet, his teeth chattering with the cold.

                At age 14, with his mother's approval, he sought out an uncle who was a
                hermit and kept a monastic school in the forest at Plouvien. His uncle
                welcomed him, and soon Herve excelled in knowledge beyond all his other
                pupils. On his uncle's death, he became abbot. Every morning the
                children gathered to be taught by their blind master, and every evening
                they left "like a swarm of bees issuing from a hollow oak." He
                instructed them in music and poetry, and, above all, in the Christian
                way of life.

                "When you wake up in bed," he said, "offer your hearts to the good God,
                make the sign of the Cross and say with faith and hope and love, 'I give
                You my heart, my body and my soul. Make me a good man.' When you see a
                crow fly, think of the devil, black and evil. When you see a dove fly,
                think of your angel, gentle and white. Think of God, as the sun makes
                the wild roses bloom on the mountains. In the evening, before going to
                bed, say your prayers that a white angel may come from heaven and watch
                you till the dawn. This is the true way to live as Christians. Practice
                my song, and you will lead holy lives."

                In addition to teaching, Herve worked the fields near the school. He was
                venerated for his holiness and his miracles. One day a wolf ate the
                donkey with which he was ploughing the fields. The young child who was
                Herve's guide cried out in fear, but at Herve's prayers, the wolf put
                himself into the donkey's harness and finished the work to be done.

                Later he decided to move the community to Leon. There the bishop wanted
                to ordain him priest, but Herve humbly declined. Thus, although he was
                never a priest, Herve is said to have participated in the solemn
                anathematizing of the tyrannical ruler Conomor, c. 550. From Leon the
                holy group travelled west. Beside the road to Lesneven is the fountain
                of Saint Herve, which he is said to have caused to flow to satisfy the
                thirst of his companions. Finally, they settled and Herve built a
                monastery at Lanhouarneau in Finistere, which earned a great reputation.

                Coming out from his monastery, where he lived for the rest of his life,
                Herve would travel forth periodically to preach or act as exorcist. He
                was no longer led by a white dog, but by his little niece, Kristine, who
                lived near him in a cottage of thatch and wattle built for her by the
                monks, and who, gay as a fairy, sang to him as she gathered flowers for
                the altar. When he came to die, he said to her: "Tina, my dear, make my
                bed ready, but make it not as is wont. Make it on the hard earth, before
                the altar, at the feet of Jesus. Place a stone for my bolster, and strew
                my bed with ashes." Weeping, she carried out his wish, and said: "May I
                follow in due course, as the boat follows the ship."

                As his monks watched at his deathbed, they were said to have heard the
                music of the heavenly choirs welcoming him to heaven. So died the blind
                Breton saint, who had taught in the school in the forest, and who all
                his life, despite his blindness, had given glory to God.

                Until the French Revolution, a chapel (now destroyed) near Cleder in
                Finistere possessed a most unusual relics: the cradle in which Saint
                Herve had been rocked (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia,
                Gill, White).

                In art, Saint Herveus is a blind abbot telling frogs to be quiet or
                being led by a wolf (Roeder) or his child guide. He is invoked against
                eye problems (Delaney). Breton mothers threaten their mischievous
                children with his wolf (White).

                Image of St Herve
                http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/sainth09.htm

                St Hervп═Б└√ is thought to be the composer of the popular and moving "kantik
                ar baradoz" (an hymn to paradise) often sung at funerals. To listen to
                it:
                http://perso.wanadoo.fr/per.kentel/kantikou/sons/ar_baradoz.mid


                Troparion of St Herve Tone l
                O Herve, thou minstrel and teacher of the Faith,/ thy sweet voice
                enlightened the darkness though thou wast born without the gift of
                sight./ Pray that the light of Christ may ever dispel the new pagan
                darkness from our lands,/ that God may be glorified.


                St. Ruadan of Cornwall (of Quimper), Bishop
                -------------------------------------------------------------
                (also known as Ronan, Rumon, Ruadhan, Ruan)

                Died 6th century. Ordained by Saint Patrick. Saint Ruadan was patron of
                the abbey of Tavistock in Devonshire, as well as several places in
                Cornwall and Brittany. He is important in the traditions of Brittany,
                where he died, and the region of Laon. Ruadan is buried at Locronan.
                Every six years the faithful make a processional pilgrimage along the
                traditional 10-mile route
                followed by Ruadan during his mission. Today's saint should not be
                confused with the Irish Saint Ruadan (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia,
                Farmer, Gill, Montague).

                "Just as England has her Cornwall, so has Brittany her Cornouille, viz.
                Amorican Cornwall....

                " Every sixth year a 'pardon' was held in honour of the sixth century
                saint S.Ronan. The Grande Tromenie is held on the second Sunday of July,
                and is a mass procession that follows the route [10 miles - Fr. A]taken
                by two oxen who, on the saint's death, were allowed to wander of their
                own accord from his place of death to a place of burial ( the hill
                outside the village of Locranon). After a service in the church nearly
                15,000 worshippers climb the hill with their relics, past crosses and
                other memorials. The author complained that he could only find
                refreshment at the summit in drinking syrups, each stickier than the
                last. How different, he complains, from the Godless hordes of England's
                Epsom and Derby Day.

                Extract from "The Grande Tromenie of Locronan,
                in Amorican Cornwall, Seen in July 1911 and
                Described by Niall, Duke of Argyll," Published London, 1914,
                Society of Ss. Peter & Paul


                St. Whyte (Gwen, White, Wite, Witta, Candida)
                Anchoress and Martyr
                ------------------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. We don't really know much about Saint Whyte, though there
                are several possibilities according to various legends. She gave her
                name to the place where she is buried, Whitchurch Canonicorum in Dorset.
                Her modest shrine is the only one, other than that of Saint Edward the
                Confessor, to have survived intact. There are several theories on her
                identification. She may be a West Saxon of whom no other record
                survives. She might be the Welsh Saint Gwen whose relics King Athelstan
                gave to this church. A third theory holds that Saint Whyte is actually
                the male Bishop Saint Albinus of Buraburg, also known as Saint Witta, a
                companion of Saint Boniface, martyred with him and then translated back
                to Wessex. William Worcestre and John Gerard both mentioned her relics.
                Thomas More referred to the custom of offering cakes or cheese to the
                saint on her feast--probably only at this church. In 1900, her leaden
                coffin was opened. It was inscribed "Hic requiescunt reliquie sancte
                Wite." The badly damaged reliquary held the bones of a small woman who
                died about the age of 40, so it appears that the third theory fails
                (Farmer).

                Additional information: St. Whyte (Gwen) was a Saxon murdered by Danish
                pirates, according to Alan Smith's book, Sixty Saxon Saints. The church
                where her relics are enshrined was given by King Alfred to his youngest
                son. The shrine itself is 13th
                century.


                St. Wistan, King of England, Martyred at Evesham
                (Winston, Wystan, Wigstan)
                ---------------------------------------------------------
                Died June 1, 849. Wistan, prince of Mercia and grandson of King Wiglaf
                of Mercia (827-840), is said to have been put to death by King Bertulph
                (Bertric or Brifardus) of Mercia, when he was regent of the kingdom
                during Wistan's youth. Bertulph was his great-uncle, brother to Wiglaf.
                The murder may have been because Wistan opposed the marriage of his
                mother Enfleda, daughter of Celwulph, to Bertulph (believing it to be
                incestuous) or simply because Wistan would eventually come of age and
                reclaim power. Bertulph's son Berfert (or Brithfard), who would be
                heir, invited Wiston to meet him at what is now Wistanstow (Wistow in
                Leicestershire?). As the saint saluted his cousin with a kiss of peace,
                Berfert cut off the upper part of his head with his sword. Then an
                attendant stabbed him and three of his companions. Before the end of
                the year, Bertulph
                was deposed by King Ethelwolph.

                Wistan was buried by his mother in Repton Abbey in Derbyshire near his
                father Wigmund and grandfather. The site of a peculiarly extravagant
                legend: According to Thomas of Marleberge, writing in the 12th century,
                annually 'hair' grew from the ground at Wistanstow where the martyr
                fell. The phenomenon was verified by a commission sent by Archbishop
                Baldwin of Canterbury. In 1019, his relics were translated to the site
                of his shrine at in Evesham Abbey at the request of Abbot Alfwaerd, who
                later became bishop of London.

                Some of Wistan miracles were suspected and verified twice. During the
                lifetime of Blessed Lanfranc (f.d. May 24), Walter of Cerisy was abbot
                of Evesham. He subjected Wistan's severed head to an ordeal by fire
                from which it emerged unscathed.

                Wistan had a popular local cultus at Shropshire and Evesham. There are
                three ancient church dedications to Saint Wistan, including those at
                Wistow and Wigston. (Attwater2, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

                In art, Wistan is a Saxon prince leaning on a sword. He is venerated at
                Repton (Roeder).


                St. Tegla (Thecla) of Denbighshire, Virgin
                ---------------------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. Tegla is the titular patron of the church and holy well at
                Llandegla in Denbighshire (Benedictines).


                St. Ronan of Kilmaronen, Bishop
                --------------------------------------------
                (also known as Ruadan, Ruadhan)
                Main feastday is 7 February.

                Saint Ronan, a Scottish bishop of Kilmaronen, has erroneously been
                identified as the Irish monk mentioned by the Venerable Bede as the
                defender of the Roman calculation for the date of Easter at the Synod of
                Whitby. St. Ronan's Well at Innerleithen, Peeblesshire, was popularised
                by one of Sir Walter Scott's novels. According to tradition, Ronan came
                into the valley and drove out the devil. This event is remembered
                annually at the end of "Saint Ronan's Games" in July when a schoolboy,
                given a pastoral staff, is chosen to represent the saint as he "cleeks
                the devil" (Farmer).


                St. Caprasius (Caprais) of Lerins, Abbot
                --------------------------------------------------------
                Born in Gaul; died c. 430. Saint Caprasius retired to the island of
                Lerins to live as a hermit. He wasn't alone for long. Soon he was joined
                by Saint Honoratus and his elder brother Saint Venantius. Together they
                travelled to the East to visit the monastic colonies there. Venantius
                died in Greece; the other two returned to Lerins, where Saint Honoratus
                founded the famous abbey, and on his being appointed bishop of Arles, he
                was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.