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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
    Message 1 of 14 , May 26, 2008
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Augustine of Canterbury
      * St. Melangell
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
      -----------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

      "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
      upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
      anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
      preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
      sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
      Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
      creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
      my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

      Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
      the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
      with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
      reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
      brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
      crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

      Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
      said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
      abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
      greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
      persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
      near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
      welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
      Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
      king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
      missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
      baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
      Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

      Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
      Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
      was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
      assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
      and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
      and books.

      Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
      the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
      built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
      (later called Saint Augustine's).

      He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
      their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
      invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
      "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
      with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
      and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

      In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
      existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
      accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
      insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
      advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
      traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
      to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
      holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
      The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
      accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
      lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
      took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

      He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
      Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
      and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
      bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

      He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
      sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
      and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
      Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
      to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
      from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
      Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
      matters arising out of his mission.

      He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
      Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
      that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
      operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
      must go by steps, not leaps."

      Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
      that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
      fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
      unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
      (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

      In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
      Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
      of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
      (White).

      Icon of St. Augustine
      http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1



      St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
      --------------------------------------------
      Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
      31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
      been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
      community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
      have been restored recently.

      She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
      any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
      version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
      connects Melangell with King Brochwel
      Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
      neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
      15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
      Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
      had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
      after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
      She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
      have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
      ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
      Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


      Another Life of
      St. Melangell ( Monacella)
      -----------------------------------
      She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
      to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
      was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

      Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
      of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
      in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
      Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
      accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
      hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
      St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
      woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

      Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
      to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
      life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
      build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
      Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
      kindness and saintliness.

      Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
      St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
      'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
      also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
      carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
      also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
      hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

      --------------------------------------------------------------
      I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
      sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
      has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
      because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
      You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
      http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
      or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
      church"
      http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
      ---------------------------------------------------------------


      Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
      Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
      pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
      example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
      will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
      worthy of His great mercy.

      See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


      Another Life:
      Celtic Orthodox Church site
      http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
      or
      http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


      Woodcut of Saint Melangell
      http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

      Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
      http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


      Icons of St. Melangell:
      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
      or
      http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

      http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.gif
      or
      http://tinyurl.com/268ott



      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

      Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
      Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

      Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
      Message 2 of 14 , May 26, 2009
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Augustine of Canterbury
        * St. Melangell
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
        -----------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

        "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
        upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
        anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
        preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
        sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
        Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
        creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
        my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

        Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
        the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
        with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
        reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
        brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
        crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

        Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
        said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
        abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
        greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
        persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
        near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
        welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
        Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
        king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
        missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
        baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
        Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

        Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
        Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
        was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
        assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
        and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
        and books.

        Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
        the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
        built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
        (later called Saint Augustine's).

        He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
        their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
        invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
        "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
        with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
        and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

        In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
        existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
        accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
        insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
        advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
        traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
        to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
        holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
        The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
        accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
        lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
        took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

        He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
        Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
        and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
        bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

        He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
        sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
        and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
        Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
        to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
        from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
        Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
        matters arising out of his mission.

        He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
        Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
        that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
        operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
        must go by steps, not leaps."

        Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
        that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
        fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
        unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
        (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

        In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
        Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
        of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
        (White).

        Icon of St. Augustine
        http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1



        St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
        --------------------------------------------
        Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
        31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
        been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
        community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
        have been restored recently.

        She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
        any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
        version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
        connects Melangell with King Brochwel
        Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
        neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
        15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
        Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
        had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
        after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
        She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
        have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
        ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
        Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


        Another Life of
        St. Melangell ( Monacella)
        -----------------------------------
        She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
        to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
        was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

        Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
        of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
        in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
        Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
        accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
        hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
        St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
        woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

        Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
        to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
        life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
        build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
        Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
        kindness and saintliness.

        Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
        St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
        'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
        also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
        carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
        also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
        hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

        --------------------------------------------------------------
        I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
        sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
        has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
        because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
        You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
        http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
        or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
        church"
        http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
        ---------------------------------------------------------------


        Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
        Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
        pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
        example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
        will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
        worthy of His great mercy.

        See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


        Another Life:
        Celtic Orthodox Church site
        http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
        or
        http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


        Woodcut of Saint Melangell
        http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

        Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
        http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


        Icons of St. Melangell:
        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
        or
        http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

        http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melan\
        gel.gif
        or
        http://tinyurl.com/268ott



        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

        Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
        Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

        Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm


        These Lives are archived at:
        1. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

        2. The website of Kathleen Hanrahan - in monthly calendar format
        http://celticsaints.org/

        3. Mail Archive
        http://www.mail-archive.com/celt-saints@yahoogroups.com/
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
        Message 3 of 14 , May 26, 2010
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Augustine of Canterbury
          * St. Melangell
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
          -----------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

          "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
          upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
          anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
          preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
          sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
          Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
          creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
          my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

          Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
          the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
          with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
          reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
          brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
          crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

          Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
          said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
          abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
          greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
          persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
          near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
          welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
          Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
          king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
          missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
          baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
          Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

          Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
          Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
          was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
          assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
          and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
          and books.

          Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
          the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
          built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
          (later called Saint Augustine's).

          He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
          their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
          invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
          "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
          with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
          and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

          In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
          existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
          accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
          insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
          advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
          traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
          to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
          holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
          The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
          accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
          lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
          took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

          He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
          Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
          and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
          bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

          He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
          sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
          and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
          Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
          to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
          from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
          Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
          matters arising out of his mission.

          He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
          Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
          that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
          operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
          must go by steps, not leaps."

          Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
          that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
          fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
          unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
          (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

          In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
          Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
          of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
          (White).

          Icon of St. Augustine
          http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1


          Vigil of Our Father among the Saints Augustine, Archbishop of Canterbury &
          Enlightener of the English

          http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/servaugu.htm





          St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
          --------------------------------------------
          Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
          31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
          been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
          community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
          have been restored recently.

          She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
          any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
          version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
          connects Melangell with King Brochwel
          Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
          neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
          15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
          Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
          had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
          after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
          She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
          have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
          ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
          Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


          Another Life of
          St. Melangell ( Monacella)
          -----------------------------------
          She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
          to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
          was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

          Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
          of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
          in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
          Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
          accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
          hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
          St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
          woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

          Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
          to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
          life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
          build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
          Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
          kindness and saintliness.

          Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
          St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
          'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
          also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
          carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
          also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
          hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

          --------------------------------------------------------------
          I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
          sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
          has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
          because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
          You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
          http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
          or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
          church"
          http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
          ---------------------------------------------------------------


          Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
          Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
          pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
          example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
          will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
          worthy of His great mercy.

          See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


          Another Life:
          Celtic Orthodox Church site
          http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
          or
          http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


          Woodcut of Saint Melangell
          http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

          Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
          http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


          Icons of St. Melangell:
          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
          or
          http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

          http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melan\
          gel.gif
          or
          http://tinyurl.com/268ott



          Sources:
          ========

          Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Penguin Books.

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

          Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
          Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

          Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

          Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Doubleday Image.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm


          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
          Message 4 of 14 , May 28, 2011
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Augustine of Canterbury
            * St. Melangell
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
            -----------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

            "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
            upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
            anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
            preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
            sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
            Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
            creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
            my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

            Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
            the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
            with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
            reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
            brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
            crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

            Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
            said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
            abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
            greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
            persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
            near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
            welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
            Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
            king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
            missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
            baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
            Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

            Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
            Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
            was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
            assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
            and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
            and books.

            Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
            the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
            built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
            (later called Saint Augustine's).

            He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
            their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
            invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
            "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
            with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
            and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

            In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
            existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
            accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
            insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
            advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
            traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
            to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
            holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
            The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
            accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
            lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
            took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

            He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
            Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
            and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
            bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

            He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
            sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
            and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
            Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
            to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
            from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
            Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
            matters arising out of his mission.

            He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
            Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
            that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
            operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
            must go by steps, not leaps."

            Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
            that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
            fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
            unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
            (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

            In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
            Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
            of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
            (White).

            Icon of St. Augustine
            http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1


            Vigil of Our Father among the Saints Augustine, Archbishop of Canterbury &
            Enlightener of the English

            http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/servaugu.htm





            St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
            --------------------------------------------
            Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
            31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
            been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
            community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
            have been restored recently.

            She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
            any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
            version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
            connects Melangell with King Brochwel
            Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
            neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
            15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
            Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
            had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
            after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
            She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
            have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
            ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
            Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


            Another Life of
            St. Melangell ( Monacella)
            -----------------------------------
            She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
            to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
            was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

            Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
            of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
            in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
            Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
            accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
            hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
            St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
            woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

            Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
            to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
            life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
            build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
            Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
            kindness and saintliness.

            Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
            St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
            'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
            also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
            carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
            also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
            hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

            --------------------------------------------------------------
            I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
            sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
            has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
            because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
            You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
            http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
            or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
            church"
            http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
            ---------------------------------------------------------------


            Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
            Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
            pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
            example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
            will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
            worthy of His great mercy.

            See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


            Another Life:
            Celtic Orthodox Church site
            http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
            or
            http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


            Woodcut of Saint Melangell
            http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

            Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
            http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


            Icons of St. Melangell:
            http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
            or
            http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

            http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melan\
            \
            gel.gif
            or
            http://tinyurl.com/268ott



            Sources:
            ========

            Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Penguin Books.

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

            Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
            Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

            Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

            Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Doubleday Image.

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
            Regnery.

            White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm


            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
            Message 5 of 14 , May 30, 2012
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Augustine of Canterbury
              * St. Melangell
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
              -----------------------------------------------------------------
              Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

              "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
              upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
              anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
              preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
              sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
              Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
              creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
              my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

              Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
              the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
              with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
              reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
              brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
              crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

              Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
              said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
              abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
              greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
              persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
              near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
              welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
              Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
              king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
              missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
              baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
              Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

              Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
              Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
              was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
              assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
              and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
              and books.

              Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
              the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
              built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
              (later called Saint Augustine's).

              He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
              their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
              invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
              "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
              with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
              and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

              In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
              existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
              accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
              insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
              advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
              traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
              to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
              holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
              The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
              accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
              lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
              took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

              He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
              Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
              and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
              bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

              He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
              sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
              and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
              Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
              to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
              from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
              Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
              matters arising out of his mission.

              He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
              Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
              that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
              operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
              must go by steps, not leaps."

              Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
              that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
              fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
              unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
              (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

              In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
              Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
              of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
              (White).

              Icon of St. Augustine
              http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1


              Vigil of Our Father among the Saints Augustine, Archbishop of Canterbury &
              Enlightener of the English

              http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/servaugu.htm





              St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
              --------------------------------------------
              Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
              31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
              been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
              community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
              have been restored recently.

              She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
              any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
              version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
              connects Melangell with King Brochwel
              Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
              neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
              15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
              Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
              had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
              after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
              She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
              have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
              ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
              Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


              Another Life of
              St. Melangell ( Monacella)
              -----------------------------------
              She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
              to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
              was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

              Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
              of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
              in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
              Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
              accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
              hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
              St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
              woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

              Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
              to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
              life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
              build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
              Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
              kindness and saintliness.

              Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
              St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
              'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
              also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
              carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
              also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
              hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

              --------------------------------------------------------------
              I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
              sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
              has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
              because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
              You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
              http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
              or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
              church"
              http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
              ---------------------------------------------------------------


              Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
              Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
              pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
              example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
              will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
              worthy of His great mercy.

              See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


              Another Life:
              Celtic Orthodox Church site
              http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
              or
              http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


              Woodcut of Saint Melangell
              http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

              Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
              http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


              Icons of St. Melangell:
              http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
              or
              http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

              http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melan\
              \
              \
              gel.gif
              or
              http://tinyurl.com/268ott



              Sources:
              ========

              Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Penguin Books.

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

              Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
              Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

              Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

              Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Doubleday Image.

              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

              Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
              Regnery.

              White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm


              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Augustine of Canterbury * St. Melangell
              Message 6 of 14 , May 26, 2013
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 27 May

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Augustine of Canterbury
                * St. Melangell
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Augustine (Austin) Archbishop of Canterbury
                -----------------------------------------------------------------
                Born in Rome; died on May 26, 604-607; feast day is also May 26.

                "God, in his promises to hear our prayers, is desirous to bestow Himself
                upon us; if you find anything better than Him, ask it; but if you ask
                anything beneath Him, you put an affront upon Him, and hurt yourself by
                preferring to Him a creature which He framed: Pray in the spirit and
                sentiment of love, in which the royal prophet said to Him, 'Thou, O
                Lord, are my portion.' Let others choose to themselves portions among
                creatures, for my part, You are my portion, You alone I have chosen for
                my whole inheritance." --Saint Austin.

                Saint Augustine was a Roman, the prior of Saint Andrew's monastery on
                the Coelian Hill in Rome. In 596, Pope Saint Gregory the Great sent him
                with 30-40 of his monks to evangelize the English. By the time they had
                reached southern France, they were frightened by stories of the
                brutality of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangerous nature of the Channel
                crossing and his company wanted to return to civilisation.

                Augustine sought help from the pope, who sent encouragement. Gregory
                said, "It is better never to undertake any high enterprise than to
                abandon it once it has started." He added, "The greater the labour, the
                greater will be the glory of your eternal reward." Gregory also
                persuaded some French priests to aid the mission and the group landed
                near Ebbsfleet near Ramsgate on the isle of Thanet in 597. They were
                welcomed by King Ethelbert of Kent, then the most sophisticated of the
                Anglo- Saxon kingdoms. Ethelbert's wife Bertha was the daughter of the
                king of Paris and already a Christian, which made it much easier for the
                missionaries to gain a foothold in the land. The king himself was
                baptized within a year of their arrival. Augustine would later help
                Ethelbert to write the earliest Anglo-Saxon laws to survive.

                Augustine went to France to be consecrated bishop of the English by
                Saint Virgilius, Metropolitan of Arles, and upon his return to England
                was so successful in making converts that he sent to Rome for more
                assistance. Among those who responded were Saint Mellitus, Saint Justus,
                and Saint Paulinus, who brought with them sacred vessels, altar cloths,
                and books.

                Augustine rebuilt a church and laid the foundation for what would become
                the monastery of Christ Church. On land given to him by the king, he
                built a Benedictine monastery at Canterbury, called SS. Peter and Paul
                (later called Saint Augustine's).

                He was unable to convince the bishops in Wales and Cornwall to abandon
                their Celtic rites and adopt the disciplines and practices of Rome. He
                invited leading ecclesiastics to meet him at Wessex, known as
                "Augustine's Oak." He urged them to follow Roman rites and to cooperate
                with him in the evangelization of England, but fidelity to local customs
                and resentment against their conquerors made them refuse.

                In 603, he held a second conference with the leaders of the already
                existing Christian congregations in Britain, but failed to reach an
                accommodation with them, largely due to his own tactlessness, and his
                insistence (contrary, it may be noted, to Pope Gregory's explicit
                advice) on imposing Roman customs on a church long accustomed to its own
                traditions of worship. It is said that the English bishops, before going
                to meet Augustine, consulted a hermit with a reputation for wisdom and
                holiness, asking him, "Shall we accept this man as our leader, or not?"
                The hermit replied, "If, at your meeting, he rises to greet you, then
                accept him, but if he remains seated, then he is arrogant and unfit to
                lead, and you ought to reject him." Augustine, alas, remained seated. It
                took another sixty years before the breach was healed.

                He was never able to extend his authority to the existing Christians in
                Wales and southwest England (Dumnonia). These Britons were suspicious
                and wary, Augustine was insufficiently conciliatory, and the British
                bishop refused to recognise him as their archbishop.

                He spent the rest of his life spreading the word, and he established
                sees at London and Rochester. He was the first archbishop of Canterbury
                and was called the "Apostle of the English" (as opposed to Roman
                Britain), though his comparatively short mission was perforce confined
                to a limited area. That he was a very conscientious missionary is clear
                from the pages of Bede, who gives what purports to be the text of Pope
                Gregory's answers to Augustine's requests for direction on various
                matters arising out of his mission.

                He adapted a gradual course of conversion outlined for him by Pope Saint
                Gregory. The Pope has asked him not to destroy pagan temples and allowed
                that innocent pagan rites could be incorporated into Christian feasts,
                operating under the belief that "He who would climb to a lofty height
                must go by steps, not leaps."

                Augustine's patience became well known, as is illustrated by an episode
                that occurred in Dorsetshire, when a town of seafaring people attached
                fishtales to the backs of the Italians' robes. He was buried in the
                unfinished church of the monastery that would one day bear his name
                (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Deanesly, Delaney, White).

                In art, Saint Augustine is portrayed as a bishop baptizing the king of
                Kent (Roeder), in the black habit of the order, with a pen or book (one
                of his own works), or obtaining by prayer a fountain for baptizing
                (White).

                Icon of St. Augustine
                http://www.odox.net/Icons-Augustine-Cantia.htm##1


                Vigil of Our Father among the Saints Augustine, Archbishop of Canterbury &
                Enlightener of the English

                http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/servaugu.htm





                St. Melangell (Monacella), Virgin
                --------------------------------------------
                Died c. 590 (possibly 7th or 8th century); feast day formerly on January
                31. Melangell is commemorated in some Welsh calendars. She seems to have
                been a hermit in Montgomeryshire, who later became abbess of a small
                community in remote Pennant Melangell (now Powys). Her church and shrine
                have been restored recently.

                She is another of those saints who cultus flourished locally long before
                any vita was written; the only source still available is a 15th-century
                version that appears to have been based on an earlier source. Her story
                connects Melangell with King Brochwel
                Ysgithrog of Powys, who happened upon her while he was hunting in her
                neighbourhood. At that time she had been living at Pennant Melangell for
                15 years after having fled from an unwanted marriage in Ireland.
                Brochwel gave her land for a convent and a sanctuary for the hares she
                had befriended. The saint is reputed to have lived another 33 years
                after this encounter. The text explicitly states that she was a virgin.
                She and Saint Winifred are the only two female saints from Wales who
                have Latin biographies. It ends with someone named Elise attempting to
                ravish the nuns and meeting a grisly end (Benedictines, Farmer).
                Melangell is the patron of hares (Farmer).


                Another Life of
                St. Melangell ( Monacella)
                -----------------------------------
                She was perhaps an Irishwoman, though north Wales is sometimes claimed
                to be her native land. Her father was a certain king Cyfwlch Addwyn, who
                was related to St. Helen of Caernarfon.

                Melangell fled from her father's court to avoid marriage and seek a life
                of solitude and prayer. In the year 590 she settled in a wooded valley
                in north Wales and used a cave for her cell. One day prince Brochfael of
                Powys, the father of St. Tysilio, came to hunt near her cave,
                accompanied by his hounds. It was not long before the prince and his
                hounds were in pursuit of a hare, but it managed to take refuge under
                St. Melangell's robe, and when prince and hounds came upon this holy
                woman, they stopped in their tracks; the hounds would not kill.

                Prince Brochfael was so taken aback by St. Melangell that he asked her
                to marry him, but she said she could not as she only wanted to live her
                life for Christ. Later, the prince gave her some land upon which to
                build a monastery, in 600 A.D.; this place is today called Pennant
                Meiangell, in northern Powys. Here St. Melangell was well known for her
                kindness and saintliness.

                Pennant Meiangell church has many things of interest. inside, such as
                St. Melangell's stone shrine (from 1170) which can be seen in the
                'Cell-yBedd' (Cell of the Grave) at the far end of the church; this was
                also the traditional site of her burial. Two fifteenth-century wood
                carvings depicting the legend of St. Melangell and Prince Brochfael can
                also be seen on the loft screen. Today, St. Melangell is patron saint of
                hares, known locally as "St. Monacella's little lambs".

                --------------------------------------------------------------
                I was just reading your entry for St. Melangell (27 May) Whilst the story is
                sound, the details relating to the church are way out of date. The church
                has been repaired, and the shrine has been fully reconstructed. I know,
                because I have had the joy of visiting her shrine.
                You can find brief details on one of my web pages:
                http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/melangell.html
                or go to my homepage, and follow the link for "Pilgrimage to St. Melangell's
                church"
                http://hometown.aol.co.uk/fatherluke/orthodoxchristiancontact.html
                ---------------------------------------------------------------


                Troparion of St Melangell tone 8
                Preferring the rigours of monasticism to worldly status and marriage, 0
                pious Melangell,/ though wast fifteen years on a rock, emulating the
                example of the Syrian Stylites./ Wherefore, 0 Saint, pray to God that He
                will give us strength to serve Him as He wills,/ that we may be found
                worthy of His great mercy.

                See two other Lives and other details for 31 January
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1436


                Another Life:
                Celtic Orthodox Church site
                http://web.archive.org/web/20030418110352/www.nireland.com/orthodox/melangel.htm
                or
                http://tinyurl.com/ytleje


                Woodcut of Saint Melangell
                http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/images/WF25.jpg

                Pennant Melangell (with picture of church and surroundings)
                http://cpat.powys.org.uk/english/sites/welshp/ls5.htm


                Icons of St. Melangell:
                http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Melangell.htm##1
                or
                http://tinyurl.com/2c7nbb

                http://web.archive.org/web/20030404031349/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/melan\
                \
                \
                gel.gif
                or
                http://tinyurl.com/268ott



                Sources:
                ========

                Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Penguin Books.

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

                Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                Deanesly, M. (1964). St. Augustine of Canterbury.

                Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Doubleday Image.

                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                Regnery.

                White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

                For All the Saints: - new active link
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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