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1 May

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Asaph of Wales * St. Brioc of Brittany * St. Ceallach of Killala *
    Message 1 of 14 , Apr 29, 2008
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Asaph of Wales
      * St. Brioc of Brittany
      * St. Ceallach of Killala
      * St. Kevoca of Kyle
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Asaph of Llan-Elwy
      ------------------------

      Like St.Deiniol, St.Asaph was a grandson of Pabo Post Prydyn, but he
      went to train under the great St.Kentigern and followed his master when
      he left Scotland to avoid persecution. The two of them first visited
      St.David at Menevia and then settled on land given to Kentigern by
      Cadwallon, father of Maclgwn, who was then King of Gwynedd, at a place
      in the valley of the river Elwy. Most of what we know of Asaph comes
      from the twelfth century Life of St.Kentigern by Joscelyn, a monk of
      Furness.

      Asaph had a great devotion to his master and Joscelyn relates that one
      very cold night when Kentigern had performed his usual discipline of
      reciting the psalter while immersed in freezing water, Asaph saw him
      crawl to his cell so numb with cold that he thought that he would die.
      He ran to fetch fire to warm the saint, and finding no pan in which to
      carry the embers, he gathered them up in the folds of his cloak and
      carried them without suffering hurt to his flesh or his clothing. This
      act so endeared him to Kentigern that shortly afterwards he ordained him
      to the priesthood, and when he returned to Glasgow, he appointed Asaph
      his successor as Abbot of Llan-Elwy.

      It is said that Kentigern left his church with 665 monks by the north
      door and subsequently that door was always kept closed in mourning,
      except on the Feast of St.Asaph. 300 monks remained with Asaph, who was
      held by them in great affection and reverence. These figures approximate
      to those given by John of Tynemouth in his description of the monastery
      in St.Kentigern's time. He says there were 995 brethren, 300 were
      illiterate and worked the land, 300 prepared the food and did the
      domestic work in the abbey, while the 365 who were learned sang the
      daily offices. The learned were divided into three choirs, which
      succeeded each other in rotation, so that prayer never ceased in the
      church.

      Asaph died in the year 596 and was buried at Llan-Elwy. We hear very
      little about this Christian centre for the next six hundred years except
      that the original wooden church was replaced by one of stone. The
      Normans made this church the Cathedral of an extensive diocese and much
      of the present building dates from the 13th century (Baring Gould and
      Fisher, Bowen).

      Another Life:

      St. Asaph of Wales, Bishop
      --------------------------------------
      Died c. 600; feast day formerly on May 1. The small town of Saint Asaph
      in northern Wales was once the scene of a busy and thriving monastery,
      for here came Kentigern of Scotland who founded by the river side the
      monastery of Llanelwy. He was probably returning at the time from a
      visit to Saint David, and he had with him Asaph, his favourite pupil,
      whom he left behind at Llanelwy as abbot to consolidate his work. Others
      say that it was Saint Asaph who founded the abbey after having been
      trained by Kentigern--the truth is shrouded by time. There is, however,
      certainty that Saint Asaph founded the church of Llanasa in Flintshire.
      An interesting account exists of Llanelwy's establishment. "There were
      assembled in this monastery no fewer than 995 brethren, who all lived
      under monastic discipline, serving God in great continence." A third of
      these, who were illiterate, tilled the ground and herded the cattle; a
      third were occupied with domestic tasks inside the monastery; and the
      remainder, who were educated men, said the daily offices and performed
      other religious duties.

      A distinctive feature was its unbroken continuity of worship, for, like
      the Sleepless Ones, the monks of Llanelwy divided themselves into groups
      and maintained an unceasing vigil. "When one company had finished the
      divine service in the church, another presently entered, and began it
      anew; and these having ended, a third immediately succeeded them." So
      that by this
      means prayer was offered up in the church without intermission, and the
      praises of God were ever in their mouths."

      Among them, we are told, "was one named Asaph, more particularly
      illustrious for his descent and his beauty, who from his childhood shone
      forth brightly, both with virtues and miracles. He daily endeavoured to
      imitate his master, Saint Kentigern, in all sanctity and abstinence; and
      to him the man of God bore ever a special affection, insomuch that to
      his prudence he committed the care of the monastery." A later medieval
      writer penned about Asaph's "charm of manners, grace of body, holiness
      of heart, and witness of miracles." Still little is actually known about
      him.

      The story has been handed down to us that one bitter night in winter
      when Kentigern, as was his custom, had been standing in the cold river
      reciting from the Psalter, and had crawled back to his cell, frozen and
      exhausted, Asaph ran to fetch hot coals to warm him. Finding no pan,
      however, and being in great haste, fearing that the shivering abbot
      might die, he raked the glowing coals into the skirt of his monk's
      habit, and ran with them, at great risk and discomfort, and cast them on
      the hearth of the saint.

      That story is typical of his spirit, for he was devoted both to his
      master and to the welfare of his monks. We are not surprised that
      Kentigern, with every confidence, left the monastery in his care. Under
      Asaph's leadership it flourished, and when Asaph was made bishop, it
      became the seat of his diocese. The goodness of one man spread and
      infected many others with holiness, including many of his kinsmen, e.g.,
      Deiniol (September 11) and Tysilo (November 8). Today on the banks of
      the River Elwy stands the cathedral that bears his name (Attwater,
      Benedictines, Gill).



      St. Brioc the Traveller, Bishop of Brittany
      (Bryan, Brieuc, Briocus)
      --------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Cardiganshire, Wales; died in Brittany, c. 510; feast of his
      translation is October 18. Brioc was the founder of a monastery near
      Treguier, Brittany, which grew into the town and see called
      Saint-Brieuc. He was probably born in Ceredigion (Cardiganshire).
      According to legend, his father was named Cerpus and his mother was
      Eldrude, both of whom he is said to have converted following his
      ordination.

      Brioc appears to have worked in southwestern Britain before migrating to
      Brittany; there is a place called Saint Breock or Breoke in Cornwall and
      Saint Briavels in the Forest of Dean is at root the same name. Saint
      Brioc's medieval biography contains a number of particulars and
      marvellous tales, but its historicity is slight. It says, for instance,
      that Brioc was trained
      in Gaul by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, who died in 448, which makes it
      highly unlikely.

      Brioc is reputed to have built a famous church called Grande-Lann, where
      he gathered a number of disciples. In Treguier, he converted a wealthy
      nobleman named Conan who provided the funds to build a monastery in
      northern Armorica. Then Brioc is said to have returned to Britain and
      with the help of his relative, Prince Rigald of Domnonia, built the
      church of Saint Stephen there.

      Brioc is styled a bishop in an inscription in marble at his shrine built
      in 1210, but it is not certain that he was a bishop; more likely he was
      an abbot of the Celtic type who kept a bishop in his monastery because
      no evidence claims his successor in the see, which dates only to 844.
      Brioc's relics were translated to the abbey of Saint-Sergius in Angers
      in the mid-9th century to protect them from Norse invaders. In 1210, an
      arm, two ribs, and some cervical bones were given back to Saint Brieuc's
      (Attwater, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

      In art, Saint Brioc is a bishop with a fiery pillar above him. He is
      venerated in Treguier, Brittany, and Cornwall (Roeder). Because of the
      legends regarding his great charity, Brioc is considered the patron of
      purse-makers (Farmer).

      Troparion of St Brioc tone 1
      O holy Brioc, Enlightener of the lands of Wales and Brittany:/ with
      miracles thou didst preach Christ in thy life,/ and in death thy
      fragrance proclaimed thy glory. Pray to Christ our God that our souls
      may be saved.


      St. Ceallach (Kellach) of Killala, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------------------------
      6th century. A disciple of Saint Kieran of Clonmacnoise, Saint Ceallach
      became bishop of Killala but ended his life as a hermit, perhaps as a
      martyr (Benedictines).


      St. Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) of Kyle, Virgin
      ----------------------------------------------------------------
      7th century; feast day may be March 13 instead. She is venerated at
      Kyle, Scotland (Benedictines).


      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
      Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
      Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
      Epworth Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      Roeder, Helen. (1955). Saints and Their Attributes.
      Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Asaph of Wales * St. Brioc of Brittany * St. Ceallach of Killala *
      Message 2 of 14 , Apr 30, 2009
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Asaph of Wales
        * St. Brioc of Brittany
        * St. Ceallach of Killala
        * St. Kevoca of Kyle
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Asaph of Llan-Elwy
        ------------------------

        Like St.Deiniol, St.Asaph was a grandson of Pabo Post Prydyn, but he
        went to train under the great St.Kentigern and followed his master when
        he left Scotland to avoid persecution. The two of them first visited
        St.David at Menevia and then settled on land given to Kentigern by
        Cadwallon, father of Maclgwn, who was then King of Gwynedd, at a place
        in the valley of the river Elwy. Most of what we know of Asaph comes
        from the twelfth century Life of St.Kentigern by Joscelyn, a monk of
        Furness.

        Asaph had a great devotion to his master and Joscelyn relates that one
        very cold night when Kentigern had performed his usual discipline of
        reciting the psalter while immersed in freezing water, Asaph saw him
        crawl to his cell so numb with cold that he thought that he would die.
        He ran to fetch fire to warm the saint, and finding no pan in which to
        carry the embers, he gathered them up in the folds of his cloak and
        carried them without suffering hurt to his flesh or his clothing. This
        act so endeared him to Kentigern that shortly afterwards he ordained him
        to the priesthood, and when he returned to Glasgow, he appointed Asaph
        his successor as Abbot of Llan-Elwy.

        It is said that Kentigern left his church with 665 monks by the north
        door and subsequently that door was always kept closed in mourning,
        except on the Feast of St.Asaph. 300 monks remained with Asaph, who was
        held by them in great affection and reverence. These figures approximate
        to those given by John of Tynemouth in his description of the monastery
        in St.Kentigern's time. He says there were 995 brethren, 300 were
        illiterate and worked the land, 300 prepared the food and did the
        domestic work in the abbey, while the 365 who were learned sang the
        daily offices. The learned were divided into three choirs, which
        succeeded each other in rotation, so that prayer never ceased in the
        church.

        Asaph died in the year 596 and was buried at Llan-Elwy. We hear very
        little about this Christian centre for the next six hundred years except
        that the original wooden church was replaced by one of stone. The
        Normans made this church the Cathedral of an extensive diocese and much
        of the present building dates from the 13th century (Baring Gould and
        Fisher, Bowen).

        Another Life:

        St. Asaph of Wales, Bishop
        --------------------------------------
        Died c. 600; feast day formerly on May 1. The small town of Saint Asaph
        in northern Wales was once the scene of a busy and thriving monastery,
        for here came Kentigern of Scotland who founded by the river side the
        monastery of Llanelwy. He was probably returning at the time from a
        visit to Saint David, and he had with him Asaph, his favourite pupil,
        whom he left behind at Llanelwy as abbot to consolidate his work. Others
        say that it was Saint Asaph who founded the abbey after having been
        trained by Kentigern--the truth is shrouded by time. There is, however,
        certainty that Saint Asaph founded the church of Llanasa in Flintshire.
        An interesting account exists of Llanelwy's establishment. "There were
        assembled in this monastery no fewer than 995 brethren, who all lived
        under monastic discipline, serving God in great continence." A third of
        these, who were illiterate, tilled the ground and herded the cattle; a
        third were occupied with domestic tasks inside the monastery; and the
        remainder, who were educated men, said the daily offices and performed
        other religious duties.

        A distinctive feature was its unbroken continuity of worship, for, like
        the Sleepless Ones, the monks of Llanelwy divided themselves into groups
        and maintained an unceasing vigil. "When one company had finished the
        divine service in the church, another presently entered, and began it
        anew; and these having ended, a third immediately succeeded them." So
        that by this
        means prayer was offered up in the church without intermission, and the
        praises of God were ever in their mouths."

        Among them, we are told, "was one named Asaph, more particularly
        illustrious for his descent and his beauty, who from his childhood shone
        forth brightly, both with virtues and miracles. He daily endeavoured to
        imitate his master, Saint Kentigern, in all sanctity and abstinence; and
        to him the man of God bore ever a special affection, insomuch that to
        his prudence he committed the care of the monastery." A later medieval
        writer penned about Asaph's "charm of manners, grace of body, holiness
        of heart, and witness of miracles." Still little is actually known about
        him.

        The story has been handed down to us that one bitter night in winter
        when Kentigern, as was his custom, had been standing in the cold river
        reciting from the Psalter, and had crawled back to his cell, frozen and
        exhausted, Asaph ran to fetch hot coals to warm him. Finding no pan,
        however, and being in great haste, fearing that the shivering abbot
        might die, he raked the glowing coals into the skirt of his monk's
        habit, and ran with them, at great risk and discomfort, and cast them on
        the hearth of the saint.

        That story is typical of his spirit, for he was devoted both to his
        master and to the welfare of his monks. We are not surprised that
        Kentigern, with every confidence, left the monastery in his care. Under
        Asaph's leadership it flourished, and when Asaph was made bishop, it
        became the seat of his diocese. The goodness of one man spread and
        infected many others with holiness, including many of his kinsmen, e.g.,
        Deiniol (September 11) and Tysilo (November 8). Today on the banks of
        the River Elwy stands the cathedral that bears his name (Attwater,
        Benedictines, Gill).



        St. Brioc the Traveller, Bishop of Brittany
        (Bryan, Brieuc, Briocus)
        --------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Cardiganshire, Wales; died in Brittany, c. 510; feast of his
        translation is October 18. Brioc was the founder of a monastery near
        Treguier, Brittany, which grew into the town and see called
        Saint-Brieuc. He was probably born in Ceredigion (Cardiganshire).
        According to legend, his father was named Cerpus and his mother was
        Eldrude, both of whom he is said to have converted following his
        ordination.

        Brioc appears to have worked in southwestern Britain before migrating to
        Brittany; there is a place called Saint Breock or Breoke in Cornwall and
        Saint Briavels in the Forest of Dean is at root the same name. Saint
        Brioc's medieval biography contains a number of particulars and
        marvellous tales, but its historicity is slight. It says, for instance,
        that Brioc was trained
        in Gaul by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, who died in 448, which makes it
        highly unlikely.

        Brioc is reputed to have built a famous church called Grande-Lann, where
        he gathered a number of disciples. In Treguier, he converted a wealthy
        nobleman named Conan who provided the funds to build a monastery in
        northern Armorica. Then Brioc is said to have returned to Britain and
        with the help of his relative, Prince Rigald of Domnonia, built the
        church of Saint Stephen there.

        Brioc is styled a bishop in an inscription in marble at his shrine built
        in 1210, but it is not certain that he was a bishop; more likely he was
        an abbot of the Celtic type who kept a bishop in his monastery because
        no evidence claims his successor in the see, which dates only to 844.
        Brioc's relics were translated to the abbey of Saint-Sergius in Angers
        in the mid-9th century to protect them from Norse invaders. In 1210, an
        arm, two ribs, and some cervical bones were given back to Saint Brieuc's
        (Attwater, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

        In art, Saint Brioc is a bishop with a fiery pillar above him. He is
        venerated in Treguier, Brittany, and Cornwall (Roeder). Because of the
        legends regarding his great charity, Brioc is considered the patron of
        purse-makers (Farmer).

        Troparion of St Brioc tone 1
        O holy Brioc, Enlightener of the lands of Wales and Brittany:/ with
        miracles thou didst preach Christ in thy life,/ and in death thy
        fragrance proclaimed thy glory. Pray to Christ our God that our souls
        may be saved.


        St. Ceallach (Kellach) of Killala, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------------------------
        6th century. A disciple of Saint Kieran of Clonmacnoise, Saint Ceallach
        became bishop of Killala but ended his life as a hermit, perhaps as a
        martyr (Benedictines).


        St. Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) of Kyle, Virgin
        ----------------------------------------------------------------
        7th century; feast day may be March 13 instead. She is venerated at
        Kyle, Scotland (Benedictines).


        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
        Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
        Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
        Epworth Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        Roeder, Helen. (1955). Saints and Their Attributes.
        Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        1. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

        2. The website of Kathleen Hanrahan
        in monthly calendar format
        http://celticsaints.org/

        3. Mail Archive
        http://www.mail-archive.com/celt-saints@yahoogroups.com/
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Asaph of Wales * St. Brioc of Brittany * St. Ceallach of Killala *
        Message 3 of 14 , Apr 30, 2010
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Asaph of Wales
          * St. Brioc of Brittany
          * St. Ceallach of Killala
          * St. Kevoca of Kyle
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Asaph of Llan-Elwy
          ------------------------

          Like St.Deiniol, St.Asaph was a grandson of Pabo Post Prydyn, but he
          went to train under the great St.Kentigern and followed his master when
          he left Scotland to avoid persecution. The two of them first visited
          St.David at Menevia and then settled on land given to Kentigern by
          Cadwallon, father of Maclgwn, who was then King of Gwynedd, at a place
          in the valley of the river Elwy. Most of what we know of Asaph comes
          from the twelfth century Life of St.Kentigern by Joscelyn, a monk of
          Furness.

          Asaph had a great devotion to his master and Joscelyn relates that one
          very cold night when Kentigern had performed his usual discipline of
          reciting the psalter while immersed in freezing water, Asaph saw him
          crawl to his cell so numb with cold that he thought that he would die.
          He ran to fetch fire to warm the saint, and finding no pan in which to
          carry the embers, he gathered them up in the folds of his cloak and
          carried them without suffering hurt to his flesh or his clothing. This
          act so endeared him to Kentigern that shortly afterwards he ordained him
          to the priesthood, and when he returned to Glasgow, he appointed Asaph
          his successor as Abbot of Llan-Elwy.

          It is said that Kentigern left his church with 665 monks by the north
          door and subsequently that door was always kept closed in mourning,
          except on the Feast of St.Asaph. 300 monks remained with Asaph, who was
          held by them in great affection and reverence. These figures approximate
          to those given by John of Tynemouth in his description of the monastery
          in St.Kentigern's time. He says there were 995 brethren, 300 were
          illiterate and worked the land, 300 prepared the food and did the
          domestic work in the abbey, while the 365 who were learned sang the
          daily offices. The learned were divided into three choirs, which
          succeeded each other in rotation, so that prayer never ceased in the
          church.

          Asaph died in the year 596 and was buried at Llan-Elwy. We hear very
          little about this Christian centre for the next six hundred years except
          that the original wooden church was replaced by one of stone. The
          Normans made this church the Cathedral of an extensive diocese and much
          of the present building dates from the 13th century (Baring Gould and
          Fisher, Bowen).

          Another Life:

          St. Asaph of Wales, Bishop
          --------------------------------------
          Died c. 600; feast day formerly on May 1. The small town of Saint Asaph
          in northern Wales was once the scene of a busy and thriving monastery,
          for here came Kentigern of Scotland who founded by the river side the
          monastery of Llanelwy. He was probably returning at the time from a
          visit to Saint David, and he had with him Asaph, his favourite pupil,
          whom he left behind at Llanelwy as abbot to consolidate his work. Others
          say that it was Saint Asaph who founded the abbey after having been
          trained by Kentigern--the truth is shrouded by time. There is, however,
          certainty that Saint Asaph founded the church of Llanasa in Flintshire.
          An interesting account exists of Llanelwy's establishment. "There were
          assembled in this monastery no fewer than 995 brethren, who all lived
          under monastic discipline, serving God in great continence." A third of
          these, who were illiterate, tilled the ground and herded the cattle; a
          third were occupied with domestic tasks inside the monastery; and the
          remainder, who were educated men, said the daily offices and performed
          other religious duties.

          A distinctive feature was its unbroken continuity of worship, for, like
          the Sleepless Ones, the monks of Llanelwy divided themselves into groups
          and maintained an unceasing vigil. "When one company had finished the
          divine service in the church, another presently entered, and began it
          anew; and these having ended, a third immediately succeeded them." So
          that by this
          means prayer was offered up in the church without intermission, and the
          praises of God were ever in their mouths."

          Among them, we are told, "was one named Asaph, more particularly
          illustrious for his descent and his beauty, who from his childhood shone
          forth brightly, both with virtues and miracles. He daily endeavoured to
          imitate his master, Saint Kentigern, in all sanctity and abstinence; and
          to him the man of God bore ever a special affection, insomuch that to
          his prudence he committed the care of the monastery." A later medieval
          writer penned about Asaph's "charm of manners, grace of body, holiness
          of heart, and witness of miracles." Still little is actually known about
          him.

          The story has been handed down to us that one bitter night in winter
          when Kentigern, as was his custom, had been standing in the cold river
          reciting from the Psalter, and had crawled back to his cell, frozen and
          exhausted, Asaph ran to fetch hot coals to warm him. Finding no pan,
          however, and being in great haste, fearing that the shivering abbot
          might die, he raked the glowing coals into the skirt of his monk's
          habit, and ran with them, at great risk and discomfort, and cast them on
          the hearth of the saint.

          That story is typical of his spirit, for he was devoted both to his
          master and to the welfare of his monks. We are not surprised that
          Kentigern, with every confidence, left the monastery in his care. Under
          Asaph's leadership it flourished, and when Asaph was made bishop, it
          became the seat of his diocese. The goodness of one man spread and
          infected many others with holiness, including many of his kinsmen, e.g.,
          Deiniol (September 11) and Tysilo (November 8). Today on the banks of
          the River Elwy stands the cathedral that bears his name (Attwater,
          Benedictines, Gill).



          St. Brioc the Traveller, Bishop of Brittany
          (Bryan, Brieuc, Briocus)
          --------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Cardiganshire, Wales; died in Brittany, c. 510; feast of his
          translation is October 18. Brioc was the founder of a monastery near
          Treguier, Brittany, which grew into the town and see called
          Saint-Brieuc. He was probably born in Ceredigion (Cardiganshire).
          According to legend, his father was named Cerpus and his mother was
          Eldrude, both of whom he is said to have converted following his
          ordination.

          Brioc appears to have worked in southwestern Britain before migrating to
          Brittany; there is a place called Saint Breock or Breoke in Cornwall and
          Saint Briavels in the Forest of Dean is at root the same name. Saint
          Brioc's medieval biography contains a number of particulars and
          marvellous tales, but its historicity is slight. It says, for instance,
          that Brioc was trained
          in Gaul by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, who died in 448, which makes it
          highly unlikely.

          Brioc is reputed to have built a famous church called Grande-Lann, where
          he gathered a number of disciples. In Treguier, he converted a wealthy
          nobleman named Conan who provided the funds to build a monastery in
          northern Armorica. Then Brioc is said to have returned to Britain and
          with the help of his relative, Prince Rigald of Domnonia, built the
          church of Saint Stephen there.

          Brioc is styled a bishop in an inscription in marble at his shrine built
          in 1210, but it is not certain that he was a bishop; more likely he was
          an abbot of the Celtic type who kept a bishop in his monastery because
          no evidence claims his successor in the see, which dates only to 844.
          Brioc's relics were translated to the abbey of Saint-Sergius in Angers
          in the mid-9th century to protect them from Norse invaders. In 1210, an
          arm, two ribs, and some cervical bones were given back to Saint Brieuc's
          (Attwater, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

          In art, Saint Brioc is a bishop with a fiery pillar above him. He is
          venerated in Treguier, Brittany, and Cornwall (Roeder). Because of the
          legends regarding his great charity, Brioc is considered the patron of
          purse-makers (Farmer).

          Troparion of St Brioc tone 1
          O holy Brioc, Enlightener of the lands of Wales and Brittany:/ with
          miracles thou didst preach Christ in thy life,/ and in death thy
          fragrance proclaimed thy glory. Pray to Christ our God that our souls
          may be saved.


          St. Ceallach (Kellach) of Killala, Bishop
          ---------------------------------------------------------------
          6th century. A disciple of Saint Kieran of Clonmacnoise, Saint Ceallach
          became bishop of Killala but ended his life as a hermit, perhaps as a
          martyr (Benedictines).


          St. Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) of Kyle, Virgin
          ----------------------------------------------------------------
          7th century; feast day may be March 13 instead. She is venerated at
          Kyle, Scotland (Benedictines).


          Sources:
          ========

          Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Penguin Books.

          Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
          Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
          Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
          Epworth Press.

          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
          London: Virtue & Co.

          Roeder, Helen. (1955). Saints and Their Attributes.
          Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Christ is Risen! Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Asaph of Wales * St. Brioc of Brittany * St.
          Message 4 of 14 , Apr 29, 2011
          • 0 Attachment
            Christ is Risen!

            Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Asaph of Wales
            * St. Brioc of Brittany
            * St. Ceallach of Killala
            * St. Kevoca of Kyle
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Asaph of Llan-Elwy
            ------------------------

            Like St.Deiniol, St.Asaph was a grandson of Pabo Post Prydyn, but he
            went to train under the great St.Kentigern and followed his master when
            he left Scotland to avoid persecution. The two of them first visited
            St.David at Menevia and then settled on land given to Kentigern by
            Cadwallon, father of Maclgwn, who was then King of Gwynedd, at a place
            in the valley of the river Elwy. Most of what we know of Asaph comes
            from the twelfth century Life of St.Kentigern by Joscelyn, a monk of
            Furness.

            Asaph had a great devotion to his master and Joscelyn relates that one
            very cold night when Kentigern had performed his usual discipline of
            reciting the psalter while immersed in freezing water, Asaph saw him
            crawl to his cell so numb with cold that he thought that he would die.
            He ran to fetch fire to warm the saint, and finding no pan in which to
            carry the embers, he gathered them up in the folds of his cloak and
            carried them without suffering hurt to his flesh or his clothing. This
            act so endeared him to Kentigern that shortly afterwards he ordained him
            to the priesthood, and when he returned to Glasgow, he appointed Asaph
            his successor as Abbot of Llan-Elwy.

            It is said that Kentigern left his church with 665 monks by the north
            door and subsequently that door was always kept closed in mourning,
            except on the Feast of St.Asaph. 300 monks remained with Asaph, who was
            held by them in great affection and reverence. These figures approximate
            to those given by John of Tynemouth in his description of the monastery
            in St.Kentigern's time. He says there were 995 brethren, 300 were
            illiterate and worked the land, 300 prepared the food and did the
            domestic work in the abbey, while the 365 who were learned sang the
            daily offices. The learned were divided into three choirs, which
            succeeded each other in rotation, so that prayer never ceased in the
            church.

            Asaph died in the year 596 and was buried at Llan-Elwy. We hear very
            little about this Christian centre for the next six hundred years except
            that the original wooden church was replaced by one of stone. The
            Normans made this church the Cathedral of an extensive diocese and much
            of the present building dates from the 13th century (Baring Gould and
            Fisher, Bowen).

            Another Life:

            St. Asaph of Wales, Bishop
            --------------------------------------
            Died c. 600; feast day formerly on May 1. The small town of Saint Asaph
            in northern Wales was once the scene of a busy and thriving monastery,
            for here came Kentigern of Scotland who founded by the river side the
            monastery of Llanelwy. He was probably returning at the time from a
            visit to Saint David, and he had with him Asaph, his favourite pupil,
            whom he left behind at Llanelwy as abbot to consolidate his work. Others
            say that it was Saint Asaph who founded the abbey after having been
            trained by Kentigern--the truth is shrouded by time. There is, however,
            certainty that Saint Asaph founded the church of Llanasa in Flintshire.
            An interesting account exists of Llanelwy's establishment. "There were
            assembled in this monastery no fewer than 995 brethren, who all lived
            under monastic discipline, serving God in great continence." A third of
            these, who were illiterate, tilled the ground and herded the cattle; a
            third were occupied with domestic tasks inside the monastery; and the
            remainder, who were educated men, said the daily offices and performed
            other religious duties.

            A distinctive feature was its unbroken continuity of worship, for, like
            the Sleepless Ones, the monks of Llanelwy divided themselves into groups
            and maintained an unceasing vigil. "When one company had finished the
            divine service in the church, another presently entered, and began it
            anew; and these having ended, a third immediately succeeded them." So
            that by this
            means prayer was offered up in the church without intermission, and the
            praises of God were ever in their mouths."

            Among them, we are told, "was one named Asaph, more particularly
            illustrious for his descent and his beauty, who from his childhood shone
            forth brightly, both with virtues and miracles. He daily endeavoured to
            imitate his master, Saint Kentigern, in all sanctity and abstinence; and
            to him the man of God bore ever a special affection, insomuch that to
            his prudence he committed the care of the monastery." A later medieval
            writer penned about Asaph's "charm of manners, grace of body, holiness
            of heart, and witness of miracles." Still little is actually known about
            him.

            The story has been handed down to us that one bitter night in winter
            when Kentigern, as was his custom, had been standing in the cold river
            reciting from the Psalter, and had crawled back to his cell, frozen and
            exhausted, Asaph ran to fetch hot coals to warm him. Finding no pan,
            however, and being in great haste, fearing that the shivering abbot
            might die, he raked the glowing coals into the skirt of his monk's
            habit, and ran with them, at great risk and discomfort, and cast them on
            the hearth of the saint.

            That story is typical of his spirit, for he was devoted both to his
            master and to the welfare of his monks. We are not surprised that
            Kentigern, with every confidence, left the monastery in his care. Under
            Asaph's leadership it flourished, and when Asaph was made bishop, it
            became the seat of his diocese. The goodness of one man spread and
            infected many others with holiness, including many of his kinsmen, e.g.,
            Deiniol (September 11) and Tysilo (November 8). Today on the banks of
            the River Elwy stands the cathedral that bears his name (Attwater,
            Benedictines, Gill).



            St. Brioc the Traveller, Bishop of Brittany
            (Bryan, Brieuc, Briocus)
            --------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Cardiganshire, Wales; died in Brittany, c. 510; feast of his
            translation is October 18. Brioc was the founder of a monastery near
            Treguier, Brittany, which grew into the town and see called
            Saint-Brieuc. He was probably born in Ceredigion (Cardiganshire).
            According to legend, his father was named Cerpus and his mother was
            Eldrude, both of whom he is said to have converted following his
            ordination.

            Brioc appears to have worked in southwestern Britain before migrating to
            Brittany; there is a place called Saint Breock or Breoke in Cornwall and
            Saint Briavels in the Forest of Dean is at root the same name. Saint
            Brioc's medieval biography contains a number of particulars and
            marvellous tales, but its historicity is slight. It says, for instance,
            that Brioc was trained
            in Gaul by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, who died in 448, which makes it
            highly unlikely.

            Brioc is reputed to have built a famous church called Grande-Lann, where
            he gathered a number of disciples. In Treguier, he converted a wealthy
            nobleman named Conan who provided the funds to build a monastery in
            northern Armorica. Then Brioc is said to have returned to Britain and
            with the help of his relative, Prince Rigald of Domnonia, built the
            church of Saint Stephen there.

            Brioc is styled a bishop in an inscription in marble at his shrine built
            in 1210, but it is not certain that he was a bishop; more likely he was
            an abbot of the Celtic type who kept a bishop in his monastery because
            no evidence claims his successor in the see, which dates only to 844.
            Brioc's relics were translated to the abbey of Saint-Sergius in Angers
            in the mid-9th century to protect them from Norse invaders. In 1210, an
            arm, two ribs, and some cervical bones were given back to Saint Brieuc's
            (Attwater, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

            In art, Saint Brioc is a bishop with a fiery pillar above him. He is
            venerated in Treguier, Brittany, and Cornwall (Roeder). Because of the
            legends regarding his great charity, Brioc is considered the patron of
            purse-makers (Farmer).

            Troparion of St Brioc tone 1
            O holy Brioc, Enlightener of the lands of Wales and Brittany:/ with
            miracles thou didst preach Christ in thy life,/ and in death thy
            fragrance proclaimed thy glory. Pray to Christ our God that our souls
            may be saved.


            St. Ceallach (Kellach) of Killala, Bishop
            ---------------------------------------------------------------
            6th century. A disciple of Saint Kieran of Clonmacnoise, Saint Ceallach
            became bishop of Killala but ended his life as a hermit, perhaps as a
            martyr (Benedictines).


            St. Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) of Kyle, Virgin
            ----------------------------------------------------------------
            7th century; feast day may be March 13 instead. She is venerated at
            Kyle, Scotland (Benedictines).


            Sources:
            ========

            Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Penguin Books.

            Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
            Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
            Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
            Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
            Epworth Press.

            Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
            Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
            London: Virtue & Co.

            Roeder, Helen. (1955). Saints and Their Attributes.
            Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Asaph of Wales * St. Brioc of Brittany * St. Ceallach of Killala *
            Message 5 of 14 , May 1, 2012
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Asaph of Wales
              * St. Brioc of Brittany
              * St. Ceallach of Killala
              * St. Kevoca of Kyle
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Asaph of Llan-Elwy
              ------------------------

              Like St.Deiniol, St.Asaph was a grandson of Pabo Post Prydyn, but he
              went to train under the great St.Kentigern and followed his master when
              he left Scotland to avoid persecution. The two of them first visited
              St.David at Menevia and then settled on land given to Kentigern by
              Cadwallon, father of Maclgwn, who was then King of Gwynedd, at a place
              in the valley of the river Elwy. Most of what we know of Asaph comes
              from the twelfth century Life of St.Kentigern by Joscelyn, a monk of
              Furness.

              Asaph had a great devotion to his master and Joscelyn relates that one
              very cold night when Kentigern had performed his usual discipline of
              reciting the psalter while immersed in freezing water, Asaph saw him
              crawl to his cell so numb with cold that he thought that he would die.
              He ran to fetch fire to warm the saint, and finding no pan in which to
              carry the embers, he gathered them up in the folds of his cloak and
              carried them without suffering hurt to his flesh or his clothing. This
              act so endeared him to Kentigern that shortly afterwards he ordained him
              to the priesthood, and when he returned to Glasgow, he appointed Asaph
              his successor as Abbot of Llan-Elwy.

              It is said that Kentigern left his church with 665 monks by the north
              door and subsequently that door was always kept closed in mourning,
              except on the Feast of St.Asaph. 300 monks remained with Asaph, who was
              held by them in great affection and reverence. These figures approximate
              to those given by John of Tynemouth in his description of the monastery
              in St.Kentigern's time. He says there were 995 brethren, 300 were
              illiterate and worked the land, 300 prepared the food and did the
              domestic work in the abbey, while the 365 who were learned sang the
              daily offices. The learned were divided into three choirs, which
              succeeded each other in rotation, so that prayer never ceased in the
              church.

              Asaph died in the year 596 and was buried at Llan-Elwy. We hear very
              little about this Christian centre for the next six hundred years except
              that the original wooden church was replaced by one of stone. The
              Normans made this church the Cathedral of an extensive diocese and much
              of the present building dates from the 13th century (Baring Gould and
              Fisher, Bowen).

              Another Life:

              St. Asaph of Wales, Bishop
              --------------------------------------
              Died c. 600; feast day formerly on May 1. The small town of Saint Asaph
              in northern Wales was once the scene of a busy and thriving monastery,
              for here came Kentigern of Scotland who founded by the river side the
              monastery of Llanelwy. He was probably returning at the time from a
              visit to Saint David, and he had with him Asaph, his favourite pupil,
              whom he left behind at Llanelwy as abbot to consolidate his work. Others
              say that it was Saint Asaph who founded the abbey after having been
              trained by Kentigern--the truth is shrouded by time. There is, however,
              certainty that Saint Asaph founded the church of Llanasa in Flintshire.
              An interesting account exists of Llanelwy's establishment. "There were
              assembled in this monastery no fewer than 995 brethren, who all lived
              under monastic discipline, serving God in great continence." A third of
              these, who were illiterate, tilled the ground and herded the cattle; a
              third were occupied with domestic tasks inside the monastery; and the
              remainder, who were educated men, said the daily offices and performed
              other religious duties.

              A distinctive feature was its unbroken continuity of worship, for, like
              the Sleepless Ones, the monks of Llanelwy divided themselves into groups
              and maintained an unceasing vigil. "When one company had finished the
              divine service in the church, another presently entered, and began it
              anew; and these having ended, a third immediately succeeded them." So
              that by this
              means prayer was offered up in the church without intermission, and the
              praises of God were ever in their mouths."

              Among them, we are told, "was one named Asaph, more particularly
              illustrious for his descent and his beauty, who from his childhood shone
              forth brightly, both with virtues and miracles. He daily endeavoured to
              imitate his master, Saint Kentigern, in all sanctity and abstinence; and
              to him the man of God bore ever a special affection, insomuch that to
              his prudence he committed the care of the monastery." A later medieval
              writer penned about Asaph's "charm of manners, grace of body, holiness
              of heart, and witness of miracles." Still little is actually known about
              him.

              The story has been handed down to us that one bitter night in winter
              when Kentigern, as was his custom, had been standing in the cold river
              reciting from the Psalter, and had crawled back to his cell, frozen and
              exhausted, Asaph ran to fetch hot coals to warm him. Finding no pan,
              however, and being in great haste, fearing that the shivering abbot
              might die, he raked the glowing coals into the skirt of his monk's
              habit, and ran with them, at great risk and discomfort, and cast them on
              the hearth of the saint.

              That story is typical of his spirit, for he was devoted both to his
              master and to the welfare of his monks. We are not surprised that
              Kentigern, with every confidence, left the monastery in his care. Under
              Asaph's leadership it flourished, and when Asaph was made bishop, it
              became the seat of his diocese. The goodness of one man spread and
              infected many others with holiness, including many of his kinsmen, e.g.,
              Deiniol (September 11) and Tysilo (November 8). Today on the banks of
              the River Elwy stands the cathedral that bears his name (Attwater,
              Benedictines, Gill).



              St. Brioc the Traveller, Bishop of Brittany
              (Bryan, Brieuc, Briocus)
              --------------------------------------------------------
              Born in Cardiganshire, Wales; died in Brittany, c. 510; feast of his
              translation is October 18. Brioc was the founder of a monastery near
              Treguier, Brittany, which grew into the town and see called
              Saint-Brieuc. He was probably born in Ceredigion (Cardiganshire).
              According to legend, his father was named Cerpus and his mother was
              Eldrude, both of whom he is said to have converted following his
              ordination.

              Brioc appears to have worked in southwestern Britain before migrating to
              Brittany; there is a place called Saint Breock or Breoke in Cornwall and
              Saint Briavels in the Forest of Dean is at root the same name. Saint
              Brioc's medieval biography contains a number of particulars and
              marvellous tales, but its historicity is slight. It says, for instance,
              that Brioc was trained
              in Gaul by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, who died in 448, which makes it
              highly unlikely.

              Brioc is reputed to have built a famous church called Grande-Lann, where
              he gathered a number of disciples. In Treguier, he converted a wealthy
              nobleman named Conan who provided the funds to build a monastery in
              northern Armorica. Then Brioc is said to have returned to Britain and
              with the help of his relative, Prince Rigald of Domnonia, built the
              church of Saint Stephen there.

              Brioc is styled a bishop in an inscription in marble at his shrine built
              in 1210, but it is not certain that he was a bishop; more likely he was
              an abbot of the Celtic type who kept a bishop in his monastery because
              no evidence claims his successor in the see, which dates only to 844.
              Brioc's relics were translated to the abbey of Saint-Sergius in Angers
              in the mid-9th century to protect them from Norse invaders. In 1210, an
              arm, two ribs, and some cervical bones were given back to Saint Brieuc's
              (Attwater, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

              In art, Saint Brioc is a bishop with a fiery pillar above him. He is
              venerated in Treguier, Brittany, and Cornwall (Roeder). Because of the
              legends regarding his great charity, Brioc is considered the patron of
              purse-makers (Farmer).

              Troparion of St Brioc tone 1
              O holy Brioc, Enlightener of the lands of Wales and Brittany:/ with
              miracles thou didst preach Christ in thy life,/ and in death thy
              fragrance proclaimed thy glory. Pray to Christ our God that our souls
              may be saved.


              St. Ceallach (Kellach) of Killala, Bishop
              ---------------------------------------------------------------
              6th century. A disciple of Saint Kieran of Clonmacnoise, Saint Ceallach
              became bishop of Killala but ended his life as a hermit, perhaps as a
              martyr (Benedictines).


              St. Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) of Kyle, Virgin
              ----------------------------------------------------------------
              7th century; feast day may be March 13 instead. She is venerated at
              Kyle, Scotland (Benedictines).


              Sources:
              ========

              Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Penguin Books.

              Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
              Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
              Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

              Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
              Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
              Epworth Press.

              Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
              Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
              London: Virtue & Co.

              Roeder, Helen. (1955). Saints and Their Attributes.
              Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Asaph of Wales * St. Brioc of Brittany * St. Ceallach of Killala *
              Message 6 of 14 , May 1, 2013
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 1 May

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Asaph of Wales
                * St. Brioc of Brittany
                * St. Ceallach of Killala
                * St. Kevoca of Kyle
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Asaph of Llan-Elwy
                ------------------------

                Like St.Deiniol, St.Asaph was a grandson of Pabo Post Prydyn, but he
                went to train under the great St.Kentigern and followed his master when
                he left Scotland to avoid persecution. The two of them first visited
                St.David at Menevia and then settled on land given to Kentigern by
                Cadwallon, father of Maclgwn, who was then King of Gwynedd, at a place
                in the valley of the river Elwy. Most of what we know of Asaph comes
                from the twelfth century Life of St.Kentigern by Joscelyn, a monk of
                Furness.

                Asaph had a great devotion to his master and Joscelyn relates that one
                very cold night when Kentigern had performed his usual discipline of
                reciting the psalter while immersed in freezing water, Asaph saw him
                crawl to his cell so numb with cold that he thought that he would die.
                He ran to fetch fire to warm the saint, and finding no pan in which to
                carry the embers, he gathered them up in the folds of his cloak and
                carried them without suffering hurt to his flesh or his clothing. This
                act so endeared him to Kentigern that shortly afterwards he ordained him
                to the priesthood, and when he returned to Glasgow, he appointed Asaph
                his successor as Abbot of Llan-Elwy.

                It is said that Kentigern left his church with 665 monks by the north
                door and subsequently that door was always kept closed in mourning,
                except on the Feast of St.Asaph. 300 monks remained with Asaph, who was
                held by them in great affection and reverence. These figures approximate
                to those given by John of Tynemouth in his description of the monastery
                in St.Kentigern's time. He says there were 995 brethren, 300 were
                illiterate and worked the land, 300 prepared the food and did the
                domestic work in the abbey, while the 365 who were learned sang the
                daily offices. The learned were divided into three choirs, which
                succeeded each other in rotation, so that prayer never ceased in the
                church.

                Asaph died in the year 596 and was buried at Llan-Elwy. We hear very
                little about this Christian centre for the next six hundred years except
                that the original wooden church was replaced by one of stone. The
                Normans made this church the Cathedral of an extensive diocese and much
                of the present building dates from the 13th century (Baring Gould and
                Fisher, Bowen).

                Another Life:

                St. Asaph of Wales, Bishop
                --------------------------------------
                Died c. 600; feast day formerly on May 1. The small town of Saint Asaph
                in northern Wales was once the scene of a busy and thriving monastery,
                for here came Kentigern of Scotland who founded by the river side the
                monastery of Llanelwy. He was probably returning at the time from a
                visit to Saint David, and he had with him Asaph, his favourite pupil,
                whom he left behind at Llanelwy as abbot to consolidate his work. Others
                say that it was Saint Asaph who founded the abbey after having been
                trained by Kentigern--the truth is shrouded by time. There is, however,
                certainty that Saint Asaph founded the church of Llanasa in Flintshire.
                An interesting account exists of Llanelwy's establishment. "There were
                assembled in this monastery no fewer than 995 brethren, who all lived
                under monastic discipline, serving God in great continence." A third of
                these, who were illiterate, tilled the ground and herded the cattle; a
                third were occupied with domestic tasks inside the monastery; and the
                remainder, who were educated men, said the daily offices and performed
                other religious duties.

                A distinctive feature was its unbroken continuity of worship, for, like
                the Sleepless Ones, the monks of Llanelwy divided themselves into groups
                and maintained an unceasing vigil. "When one company had finished the
                divine service in the church, another presently entered, and began it
                anew; and these having ended, a third immediately succeeded them." So
                that by this
                means prayer was offered up in the church without intermission, and the
                praises of God were ever in their mouths."

                Among them, we are told, "was one named Asaph, more particularly
                illustrious for his descent and his beauty, who from his childhood shone
                forth brightly, both with virtues and miracles. He daily endeavoured to
                imitate his master, Saint Kentigern, in all sanctity and abstinence; and
                to him the man of God bore ever a special affection, insomuch that to
                his prudence he committed the care of the monastery." A later medieval
                writer penned about Asaph's "charm of manners, grace of body, holiness
                of heart, and witness of miracles." Still little is actually known about
                him.

                The story has been handed down to us that one bitter night in winter
                when Kentigern, as was his custom, had been standing in the cold river
                reciting from the Psalter, and had crawled back to his cell, frozen and
                exhausted, Asaph ran to fetch hot coals to warm him. Finding no pan,
                however, and being in great haste, fearing that the shivering abbot
                might die, he raked the glowing coals into the skirt of his monk's
                habit, and ran with them, at great risk and discomfort, and cast them on
                the hearth of the saint.

                That story is typical of his spirit, for he was devoted both to his
                master and to the welfare of his monks. We are not surprised that
                Kentigern, with every confidence, left the monastery in his care. Under
                Asaph's leadership it flourished, and when Asaph was made bishop, it
                became the seat of his diocese. The goodness of one man spread and
                infected many others with holiness, including many of his kinsmen, e.g.,
                Deiniol (September 11) and Tysilo (November 8). Today on the banks of
                the River Elwy stands the cathedral that bears his name (Attwater,
                Benedictines, Gill).



                St. Brioc the Traveller, Bishop of Brittany
                (Bryan, Brieuc, Briocus)
                --------------------------------------------------------
                Born in Cardiganshire, Wales; died in Brittany, c. 510; feast of his
                translation is October 18. Brioc was the founder of a monastery near
                Treguier, Brittany, which grew into the town and see called
                Saint-Brieuc. He was probably born in Ceredigion (Cardiganshire).
                According to legend, his father was named Cerpus and his mother was
                Eldrude, both of whom he is said to have converted following his
                ordination.

                Brioc appears to have worked in southwestern Britain before migrating to
                Brittany; there is a place called Saint Breock or Breoke in Cornwall and
                Saint Briavels in the Forest of Dean is at root the same name. Saint
                Brioc's medieval biography contains a number of particulars and
                marvellous tales, but its historicity is slight. It says, for instance,
                that Brioc was trained
                in Gaul by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, who died in 448, which makes it
                highly unlikely.

                Brioc is reputed to have built a famous church called Grande-Lann, where
                he gathered a number of disciples. In Treguier, he converted a wealthy
                nobleman named Conan who provided the funds to build a monastery in
                northern Armorica. Then Brioc is said to have returned to Britain and
                with the help of his relative, Prince Rigald of Domnonia, built the
                church of Saint Stephen there.

                Brioc is styled a bishop in an inscription in marble at his shrine built
                in 1210, but it is not certain that he was a bishop; more likely he was
                an abbot of the Celtic type who kept a bishop in his monastery because
                no evidence claims his successor in the see, which dates only to 844.
                Brioc's relics were translated to the abbey of Saint-Sergius in Angers
                in the mid-9th century to protect them from Norse invaders. In 1210, an
                arm, two ribs, and some cervical bones were given back to Saint Brieuc's
                (Attwater, Benedictines, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth).

                In art, Saint Brioc is a bishop with a fiery pillar above him. He is
                venerated in Treguier, Brittany, and Cornwall (Roeder). Because of the
                legends regarding his great charity, Brioc is considered the patron of
                purse-makers (Farmer).

                Troparion of St Brioc tone 1
                O holy Brioc, Enlightener of the lands of Wales and Brittany:/ with
                miracles thou didst preach Christ in thy life,/ and in death thy
                fragrance proclaimed thy glory. Pray to Christ our God that our souls
                may be saved.


                St. Ceallach (Kellach) of Killala, Bishop
                ---------------------------------------------------------------
                6th century. A disciple of Saint Kieran of Clonmacnoise, Saint Ceallach
                became bishop of Killala but ended his life as a hermit, perhaps as a
                martyr (Benedictines).


                St. Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) of Kyle, Virgin
                ----------------------------------------------------------------
                7th century; feast day may be March 13 instead. She is venerated at
                Kyle, Scotland (Benedictines).


                Sources:
                ========

                Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Penguin Books.

                Baring-Gould, S. & Fisher, J. (1907) The Lives of the British
                Saints. 4 volumes. Charles J Clarke.

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
                Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
                Epworth Press.

                Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                London: Virtue & Co.

                Roeder, Helen. (1955). Saints and Their Attributes.
                Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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