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3 January

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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
    Message 1 of 13 , Jan 1, 2001
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Finlugh of Derry
      * St. Fintan of Doon
      * St. Wenog
      * St. Genevieve of Paris
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
      --------------------------------------
      6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
      where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
      Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
      Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


      St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
      -------------------------------------
      6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
      Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
      in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

      Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
      Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan
      andFinlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls
      for Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/
      praying that our souls may also be saved.


      St. Wenog
      ---------------
      Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
      aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


      St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
      ------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
      Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
      time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
      and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
      attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
      thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
      Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
      sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
      Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
      Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
      God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
      moment.

      Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her tokeep
      it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
      belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
      noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
      byConstantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
      the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
      his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued
      tendingthe sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

      When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
      where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
      other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
      In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. Shefrequently
      ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley bread and
      some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her bishop
      commanded her to alter her diet.)

      She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
      from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
      But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
      her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
      corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

      The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
      wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
      concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
      sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
      standing near.

      Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
      marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
      citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
      gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
      women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
      God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
      to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
      citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
      from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
      Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
      Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
      had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
      everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
      must trust in Him."

      At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
      were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
      saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
      destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
      Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
      Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
      persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
      of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

      Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
      again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
      of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears
      ofthe enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
      night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
      saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
      been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

      In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
      the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
      representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
      Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
      point of starvation.

      One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
      of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
      head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
      and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
      enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
      to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
      Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
      precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
      barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

      When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
      admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
      her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
      they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

      When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
      control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
      elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
      husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
      but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
      but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

      Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
      harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
      under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
      servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
      at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
      once more it was threatened by an invading army.

      Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
      church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
      monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
      the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
      reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
      the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

      By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
      saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
      church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
      her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
      rebuilt in 1746.

      In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
      for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
      shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
      French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
      Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
      were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
      Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

      Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
      to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
      much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
      without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
      good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
      Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
      (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
      Walsh, White).

      In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
      the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
      or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
      Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
      her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
      candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
      Roeder, White).

      She is the patron saint of Paris, of disasters, of drought and excessive
      rain, of fever (White).

      Icon:
      http://www.prismnet.com/~hilarion/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
      Message 2 of 13 , Jan 1, 2002
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        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Finlugh of Derry
        * St. Fintan of Doon
        * St. Wenog
        * St. Genevieve of Paris
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
        --------------------------------------
        6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
        where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
        Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
        Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


        St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
        -------------------------------------
        6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
        Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
        in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

        Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
        Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
        Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
        Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
        that our souls may also be saved.


        St. Wenog
        ---------------
        Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
        aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


        St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
        ------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
        Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
        time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
        and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
        attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
        thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
        Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
        sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
        Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
        Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
        God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
        moment.

        Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
        keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
        belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
        noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
        by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
        the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
        his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
        the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

        When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
        where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
        other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
        In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
        frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
        bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
        bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

        She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
        from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
        But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
        her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
        corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

        The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
        wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
        concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
        sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
        standing near.

        Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
        marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
        citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
        gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
        women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
        God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
        to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
        citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
        from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
        Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
        Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
        had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
        everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
        must trust in Him."

        At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
        were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
        saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
        destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
        Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
        Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
        persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
        of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

        Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
        again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
        of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
        the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
        night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
        saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
        been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

        In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
        the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
        representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
        Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
        point of starvation.

        One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
        of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
        head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
        and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
        enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
        to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
        Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
        precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
        barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

        When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
        admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
        her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
        they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

        When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
        control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
        elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
        husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
        but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
        but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

        Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
        harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
        under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
        servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
        at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
        once more it was threatened by an invading army.

        Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
        church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
        monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
        the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
        reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
        the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

        By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
        saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
        church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
        her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
        rebuilt in 1746.

        In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
        for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
        shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
        French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
        Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
        were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
        Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

        Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
        to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
        much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
        without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
        good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
        Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
        (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
        Walsh, White).

        In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
        the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
        or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
        Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
        her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
        candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
        Roeder, White).

        She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
        and excessive rain, and fever (White).

        Icons:
        http://www.odox.net/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
        http://www.karavokiris.com/Galicon12_4.html



        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrós
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
        Message 3 of 13 , Jan 1, 2003
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Finlugh of Derry
          * St. Fintan of Doon
          * St. Wenog
          * St. Genevieve of Paris
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
          --------------------------------------
          6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
          where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
          Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
          Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


          St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
          -------------------------------------
          6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
          Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
          in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

          Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
          Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
          Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
          Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
          that our souls may also be saved.


          St. Wenog
          ---------------
          Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
          aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


          St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
          ------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
          Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
          time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
          and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
          attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
          thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
          Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
          sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
          Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
          Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
          God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
          moment.

          Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
          keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
          belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
          noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
          by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
          the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
          his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
          the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

          When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
          where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
          other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
          In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
          frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
          bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
          bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

          She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
          from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
          But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
          her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
          corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

          The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
          wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
          concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
          sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
          standing near.

          Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
          marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
          citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
          gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
          women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
          God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
          to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
          citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
          from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
          Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
          Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
          had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
          everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
          must trust in Him."

          At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
          were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
          saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
          destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
          Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
          Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
          persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
          of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

          Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
          again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
          of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
          the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
          night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
          saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
          been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

          In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
          the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
          representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
          Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
          point of starvation.

          One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
          of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
          head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
          and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
          enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
          to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
          Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
          precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
          barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

          When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
          admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
          her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
          they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

          When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
          control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
          elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
          husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
          but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
          but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

          Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
          harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
          under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
          servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
          at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
          once more it was threatened by an invading army.

          Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
          church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
          monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
          the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
          reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
          the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

          By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
          saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
          church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
          her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
          rebuilt in 1746.

          In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
          for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
          shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
          French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
          Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
          were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
          Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

          Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
          to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
          much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
          without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
          good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
          Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
          (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
          Walsh, White).

          In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
          the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
          or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
          Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
          her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
          candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
          Roeder, White).

          She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
          and excessive rain, and fever (White).

          Icons:
          http://www.odox.net/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
          http://www.karavokiris.com/Galicon12_4.html



          Lives kindly supplied by:
          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
          Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm
          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
          Message 4 of 13 , Jan 1, 2004
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Finlugh of Derry
            * St. Fintan of Doon
            * St. Wenog
            * St. Genevieve of Paris
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
            --------------------------------------
            6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
            where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
            Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
            Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


            St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
            -------------------------------------
            6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
            Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
            in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

            Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
            Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
            Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
            Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
            that our souls may also be saved.


            St. Wenog
            ---------------
            Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
            aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


            St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
            ------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
            Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
            time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
            and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
            attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
            thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
            Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
            sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
            Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
            Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
            God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
            moment.

            Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
            keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
            belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
            noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
            by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
            the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
            his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
            the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

            When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
            where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
            other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
            In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
            frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
            bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
            bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

            She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
            from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
            But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
            her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
            corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

            The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
            wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
            concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
            sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
            standing near.

            Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
            marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
            citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
            gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
            women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
            God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
            to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
            citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
            from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
            Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
            Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
            had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
            everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
            must trust in Him."

            At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
            were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
            saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
            destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
            Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
            Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
            persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
            of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

            Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
            again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
            of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
            the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
            night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
            saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
            been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

            In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
            the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
            representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
            Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
            point of starvation.

            One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
            of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
            head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
            and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
            enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
            to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
            Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
            precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
            barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

            When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
            admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
            her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
            they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

            When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
            control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
            elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
            husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
            but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
            but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

            Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
            harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
            under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
            servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
            at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
            once more it was threatened by an invading army.

            Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
            church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
            monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
            the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
            reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
            the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

            By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
            saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
            church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
            her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
            rebuilt in 1746.

            In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
            for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
            shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
            French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
            Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
            were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
            Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

            Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
            to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
            much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
            without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
            good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
            Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
            (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
            Walsh, White).

            In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
            the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
            or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
            Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
            her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
            candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
            Roeder, White).

            She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
            and excessive rain, and fever (White).

            Tropaire ton 1.

            Tes larmes abondantes
            ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
            tes prieres et tes soupirs
            ont produit du fruit au centuple.
            Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
            et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

            Kondakion ton 2.

            Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
            tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
            ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
            car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
            Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

            From
            http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
            also several icons on this site

            Icons:
            http://www.odox.net/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
            http://www.karavokiris.com/Galicon12_4.html
            and
            http://photos.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/lst


            Lives kindly supplied by:

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
            Message 5 of 13 , Jan 2, 2005
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Finlugh of Derry
              * St. Fintan of Doon
              * St. Wenog
              * St. Genevieve of Paris
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
              --------------------------------------
              6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
              where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
              Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
              Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


              St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
              -------------------------------------
              6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
              Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
              in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

              Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
              Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
              Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
              Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
              that our souls may also be saved.


              St. Wenog
              ---------------
              Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
              aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


              St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
              ------------------------------------------------------------
              Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
              Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
              time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
              and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
              attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
              thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
              Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
              sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
              Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
              Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
              God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
              moment.

              Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
              keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
              belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
              noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
              by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
              the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
              his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
              the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

              When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
              where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
              other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
              In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
              frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
              bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
              bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

              She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
              from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
              But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
              her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
              corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

              The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
              wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
              concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
              sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
              standing near.

              Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
              marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
              citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
              gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
              women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
              God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
              to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
              citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
              from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
              Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
              Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
              had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
              everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
              must trust in Him."

              At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
              were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
              saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
              destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
              Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
              Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
              persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
              of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

              Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
              again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
              of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
              the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
              night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
              saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
              been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

              In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
              the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
              representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
              Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
              point of starvation.

              One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
              of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
              head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
              and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
              enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
              to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
              Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
              precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
              barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

              When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
              admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
              her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
              they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

              When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
              control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
              elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
              husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
              but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
              but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

              Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
              harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
              under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
              servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
              at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
              once more it was threatened by an invading army.

              Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
              church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
              monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
              the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
              reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
              the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

              By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
              saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
              church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
              her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
              rebuilt in 1746.

              In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
              for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
              shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
              French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
              Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
              were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
              Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

              Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
              to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
              much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
              without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
              good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
              Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
              (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
              Walsh, White).

              In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
              the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
              or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
              Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
              her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
              candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
              Roeder, White).

              She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
              and excessive rain, and fever (White).

              Tropaire ton 1.

              Tes larmes abondantes
              ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
              tes prieres et tes soupirs
              ont produit du fruit au centuple.
              Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
              et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

              Kondakion ton 2.

              Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
              tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
              ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
              car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
              Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

              From
              http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
              also several icons on this site

              Icons:
              http://www.odox.net/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
              and
              http://photos.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/lst
              -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



              Lives kindly supplied by:
              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
              Message 6 of 13 , Jan 2, 2007
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Finlugh of Derry
                * St. Fintan of Doon
                * St. Wenog
                * St. Genevieve of Paris
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                --------------------------------------
                6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                -------------------------------------
                6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                that our souls may also be saved.


                St. Wenog
                ---------------
                Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                ------------------------------------------------------------
                Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                moment.

                Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                standing near.

                Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                must trust in Him."

                At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                point of starvation.

                One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                rebuilt in 1746.

                In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                Walsh, White).

                In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                Roeder, White).

                She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                Tropaire ton 1.

                Tes larmes abondantes
                ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                tes prieres et tes soupirs
                ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                Kondakion ton 2.

                Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                From
                http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                also several icons on this site

                Icons:
                http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                and

                http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



                Lives kindly supplied by:
                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
                Message 7 of 13 , Jan 2, 2008
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Finlugh of Derry
                  * St. Fintan of Doon
                  * St. Wenog
                  * St. Genevieve of Paris
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                  --------------------------------------
                  6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                  where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                  Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                  Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                  St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                  -------------------------------------
                  6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                  Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                  in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                  Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                  Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                  Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                  Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                  that our souls may also be saved.


                  St. Wenog
                  ---------------
                  Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                  aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                  St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                  ------------------------------------------------------------
                  Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                  Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                  time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                  and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                  attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                  thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                  Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                  sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                  Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                  Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                  God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                  moment.

                  Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                  keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                  belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                  noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                  by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                  the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                  his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                  the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                  When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                  where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                  other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                  In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                  frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                  bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                  bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                  She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                  from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                  But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                  her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                  corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                  The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                  wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                  concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                  sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                  standing near.

                  Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                  marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                  citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                  gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                  women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                  God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                  to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                  citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                  from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                  Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                  Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                  had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                  everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                  must trust in Him."

                  At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                  were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                  saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                  destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                  Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                  Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                  persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                  of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                  Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                  again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                  of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                  the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                  night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                  saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                  been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                  In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                  the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                  representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                  Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                  point of starvation.

                  One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                  of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                  head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                  and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                  enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                  to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                  Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                  precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                  barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                  When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                  admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                  her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                  they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                  When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                  control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                  elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                  husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                  but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                  but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                  Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                  harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                  under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                  servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                  at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                  once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                  Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                  church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                  monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                  the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                  reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                  the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                  By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                  saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                  church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                  her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                  rebuilt in 1746.

                  In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                  for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                  shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                  French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                  Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                  were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                  Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                  Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                  to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                  much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                  without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                  good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                  Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                  (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                  Walsh, White).

                  In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                  the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                  or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                  Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                  her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                  candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                  Roeder, White).

                  She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                  and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                  Tropaire ton 1.

                  Tes larmes abondantes
                  ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                  tes prieres et tes soupirs
                  ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                  Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                  et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                  Kondakion ton 2.

                  Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                  tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                  ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                  car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                  Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                  From
                  http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                  also several icons on this site

                  Icons:
                  http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                  and

                  http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                  -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



                  Lives kindly supplied by:
                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
                  Message 8 of 13 , Jan 3, 2009
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Finlugh of Derry
                    * St. Fintan of Doon
                    * St. Wenog
                    * St. Genevieve of Paris
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                    --------------------------------------
                    6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                    where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                    Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                    Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                    St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                    -------------------------------------
                    6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                    Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                    in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                    Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                    Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                    Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                    Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                    that our souls may also be saved.


                    St. Wenog
                    ---------------
                    Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                    aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                    St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                    ------------------------------------------------------------
                    Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                    Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                    time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                    and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                    attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                    thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                    Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                    sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                    Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                    Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                    God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                    moment.

                    Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                    keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                    belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                    noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                    by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                    the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                    his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                    the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                    When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                    where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                    other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                    In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                    frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                    bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                    bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                    She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                    from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                    But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                    her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                    corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                    The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                    wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                    concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                    sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                    standing near.

                    Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                    marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                    citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                    gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                    women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                    God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                    to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                    citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                    from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                    Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                    Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                    had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                    everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                    must trust in Him."

                    At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                    were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                    saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                    destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                    Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                    Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                    persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                    of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                    Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                    again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                    of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                    the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                    night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                    saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                    been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                    In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                    the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                    representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                    Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                    point of starvation.

                    One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                    of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                    head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                    and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                    enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                    to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                    Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                    precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                    barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                    When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                    admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                    her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                    they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                    When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                    control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                    elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                    husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                    but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                    but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                    Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                    harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                    under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                    servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                    at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                    once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                    Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                    church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                    monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                    the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                    reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                    the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                    By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                    saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                    church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                    her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                    rebuilt in 1746.

                    In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                    for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                    shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                    French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                    Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                    were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                    Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                    Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                    to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                    much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                    without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                    good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                    Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                    (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                    Walsh, White).

                    In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                    the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                    or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                    Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                    her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                    candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                    Roeder, White).

                    She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                    and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                    Tropaire ton 1.

                    Tes larmes abondantes
                    ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                    tes prieres et tes soupirs
                    ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                    Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                    et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                    Kondakion ton 2.

                    Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                    tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                    ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                    car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                    Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                    From
                    http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                    also several icons on this site

                    Icons:
                    http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                    and

                    http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                    -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



                    Lives kindly supplied by:
                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
                    Message 9 of 13 , Jan 3, 2010
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Finlugh of Derry
                      * St. Fintan of Doon
                      * St. Wenog
                      * St. Genevieve of Paris
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                      --------------------------------------
                      6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                      where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                      Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                      Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                      St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                      -------------------------------------
                      6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                      Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                      in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                      Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                      Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                      Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                      Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                      that our souls may also be saved.


                      St. Wenog
                      ---------------
                      Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                      aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                      St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                      ------------------------------------------------------------
                      Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                      Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                      time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                      and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                      attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                      thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                      Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                      sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                      Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                      Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                      God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                      moment.

                      Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                      keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                      belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                      noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                      by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                      the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                      his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                      the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                      When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                      where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                      other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                      In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                      frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                      bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                      bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                      She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                      from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                      But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                      her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                      corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                      The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                      wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                      concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                      sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                      standing near.

                      Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                      marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                      citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                      gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                      women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                      God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                      to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                      citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                      from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                      Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                      Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                      had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                      everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                      must trust in Him."

                      At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                      were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                      saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                      destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                      Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                      Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                      persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                      of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                      Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                      again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                      of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                      the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                      night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                      saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                      been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                      In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                      the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                      representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                      Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                      point of starvation.

                      One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                      of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                      head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                      and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                      enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                      to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                      Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                      precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                      barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                      When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                      admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                      her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                      they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                      When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                      control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                      elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                      husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                      but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                      but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                      Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                      harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                      under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                      servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                      at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                      once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                      Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                      church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                      monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                      the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                      reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                      the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                      By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                      saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                      church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                      her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                      rebuilt in 1746.

                      In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                      for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                      shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                      French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                      Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                      were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                      Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                      Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                      to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                      much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                      without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                      good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                      Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                      (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                      Walsh, White).

                      In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                      the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                      or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                      Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                      her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                      candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                      Roeder, White).

                      She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                      and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                      Tropaire ton 1.

                      Tes larmes abondantes
                      ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                      tes prieres et tes soupirs
                      ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                      Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                      et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                      Kondakion ton 2.

                      Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                      tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                      ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                      car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                      Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                      From
                      http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                      also several icons on this site

                      Icons:
                      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                      and

                      http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                      -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



                      Lives kindly supplied by:
                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
                      Message 10 of 13 , Jan 2, 2011
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints          3 January

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Finlugh of Derry
                        * St. Fintan of Doon
                        * St. Wenog
                        * St. Genevieve of Paris
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                        --------------------------------------
                        6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                        where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                        Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                        Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                        St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                        -------------------------------------
                        6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                        Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                        in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                        Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                        Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                        Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                        Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                        that our souls may also be saved.


                        St. Wenog
                        ---------------
                        Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                        aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                        St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                        ------------------------------------------------------------
                        Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                        Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                        time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                        and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                        attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                        thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                        Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                        sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                        Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                        Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                        God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                        moment.

                        Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                        keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                        belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                        noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                        by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                        the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                        his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                        the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                        When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                        where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                        other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                        In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                        frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                        bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                        bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                        She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                        from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                        But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                        her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                        corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                        The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                        wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                        concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                        sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                        standing near.

                        Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                        marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                        citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                        gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                        women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                        God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                        to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                        citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                        from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                        Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                        Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                        had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                        everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                        must trust in Him."

                        At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                        were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                        saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                        destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                        Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                        Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                        persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                        of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                        Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                        again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                        of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                        the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                        night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                        saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                        been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                        In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                        the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                        representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                        Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                        point of starvation.

                        One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                        of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                        head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                        and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                        enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                        to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                        Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                        precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                        barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                        When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                        admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                        her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                        they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                        When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                        control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                        elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                        husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                        but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                        but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                        Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                        harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                        under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                        servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                        at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                        once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                        Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                        church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                        monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                        the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                        reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                        the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                        By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                        saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                        church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                        her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                        rebuilt in 1746.

                        In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                        for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                        shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                        French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                        Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                        were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                        Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                        Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                        to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                        much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                        without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                        good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                        Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                        (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                        Walsh, White).

                        In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                        the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                        or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                        Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                        her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                        candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                        Roeder, White).

                        She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                        and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                        Tropaire ton 1.

                        Tes larmes abondantes
                        ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                        tes prieres et tes soupirs
                        ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                        Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                        et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                        Kondakion ton 2.

                        Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                        tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                        ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                        car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                        Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                        From
                        http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                        also several icons on this site

                        Icons:
                        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                        and

                        http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                        -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



                        Lives kindly supplied by:
                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤

                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
                        Message 11 of 13 , Jan 2, 2012
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Finlugh of Derry
                          * St. Fintan of Doon
                          * St. Wenog
                          * St. Genevieve of Paris
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                          --------------------------------------
                          6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                          where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                          Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                          Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                          St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                          -------------------------------------
                          6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                          Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                          in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                          Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                          Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                          Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                          Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                          that our souls may also be saved.


                          St. Wenog
                          ---------------
                          Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                          aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                          St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                          ------------------------------------------------------------
                          Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                          Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                          time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                          and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                          attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                          thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                          Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                          sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                          Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                          Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                          God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                          moment.

                          Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                          keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                          belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                          noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                          by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                          the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                          his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                          the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                          When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                          where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                          other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                          In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                          frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                          bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                          bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                          She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                          from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                          But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                          her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                          corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                          The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                          wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                          concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                          sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                          standing near.

                          Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                          marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                          citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                          gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                          women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                          God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                          to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                          citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                          from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                          Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                          Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                          had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                          everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                          must trust in Him."

                          At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                          were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                          saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                          destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                          Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                          Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                          persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                          of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                          Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                          again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                          of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                          the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                          night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                          saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                          been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                          In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                          the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                          representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                          Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                          point of starvation.

                          One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                          of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                          head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                          and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                          enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                          to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                          Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                          precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                          barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                          When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                          admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                          her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                          they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                          When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                          control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                          elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                          husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                          but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                          but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                          Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                          harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                          under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                          servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                          at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                          once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                          Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                          church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                          monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                          the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                          reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                          the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                          By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                          saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                          church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                          her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                          rebuilt in 1746.

                          In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                          for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                          shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                          French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                          Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                          were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                          Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                          Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                          to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                          much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                          without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                          good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                          Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                          (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                          Walsh, White).

                          In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                          the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                          or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                          Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                          her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                          candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                          Roeder, White).

                          She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                          and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                          Tropaire ton 1.

                          Tes larmes abondantes
                          ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                          tes prieres et tes soupirs
                          ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                          Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                          et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                          Kondakion ton 2.

                          Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                          tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                          ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                          car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                          Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                          From
                          http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                          also several icons on this site

                          Icons:
                          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                          and

                          http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                          -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



                          Lives kindly supplied by:
                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
                          Message 12 of 13 , Jan 3, 2013
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Finlugh of Derry
                            * St. Fintan of Doon
                            * St. Wenog
                            * St. Genevieve of Paris
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                            --------------------------------------
                            6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                            where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                            Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                            Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                            St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                            -------------------------------------
                            6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                            Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                            in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                            Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                            Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                            Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                            Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                            that our souls may also be saved.


                            St. Wenog
                            ---------------
                            Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                            aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                            St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                            ------------------------------------------------------------
                            Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                            Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                            time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                            and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                            attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                            thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                            Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                            sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                            Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                            Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                            God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                            moment.

                            Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                            keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                            belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                            noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                            by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                            the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                            his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                            the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                            When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                            where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                            other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                            In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                            frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                            bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                            bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                            She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                            from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                            But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                            her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                            corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                            The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                            wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                            concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                            sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                            standing near.

                            Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                            marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                            citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                            gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                            women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                            God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                            to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                            citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                            from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                            Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                            Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                            had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                            everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                            must trust in Him."

                            At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                            were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                            saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                            destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                            Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                            Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                            persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                            of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                            Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                            again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                            of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                            the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                            night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                            saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                            been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                            In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                            the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                            representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                            Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                            point of starvation.

                            One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                            of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                            head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                            and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                            enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                            to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                            Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                            precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                            barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                            When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                            admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                            her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                            they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                            When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                            control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                            elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                            husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                            but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                            but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                            Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                            harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                            under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                            servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                            at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                            once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                            Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                            church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                            monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                            the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                            reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                            the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                            By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                            saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                            church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                            her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                            rebuilt in 1746.

                            In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                            for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                            shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                            French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                            Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                            were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                            Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                            Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                            to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                            much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                            without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                            good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                            Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                            (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                            Walsh, White).

                            In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                            the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                            or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                            Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                            her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                            candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                            Roeder, White).

                            She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                            and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                            Tropaire ton 1.

                            Tes larmes abondantes
                            ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                            tes prieres et tes soupirs
                            ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                            Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                            et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                            Kondakion ton 2.

                            Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                            tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                            ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                            car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                            Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                            From
                            http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                            also several icons on this site

                            Icons:
                            http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                            and

                            http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                            -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely



                            Lives kindly supplied by:
                            For All the Saints:
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Finlugh of Derry * St. Fintan of Doon * St. Wenog *
                            Message 13 of 13 , Jan 3, 2014
                            • 0 Attachment
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 January

                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                              * St. Finlugh of Derry
                              * St. Fintan of Doon
                              * St. Wenog
                              * St. Genevieve of Paris
                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                              St. Finlugh (Finlag), Abbot
                              --------------------------------------
                              6th century. Finlugh, brother of Saint Fintan, crossed into Scotland,
                              where he apparently became a disciple of Saint Columba. Returning to
                              Ireland, he was elected abbot of a monastery established by Saint
                              Columba in County Derry (Benedictines).


                              St. Fintan of Doon, Abbot
                              -------------------------------------
                              6th century. Fintan, a brother of Saint Finlugh, was a disciple of Saint
                              Comgall at Bangor, Ireland. He is honoured as the patron saint of Doon
                              in Limerick. His holy well is still venerated there (Benedictines).

                              Troparion of the Ss Fintan and Finlugh tone 1
                              Being brothers both in the flesh and in the Faith/ O honoured Fintan and
                              Finlugh,/ you served our Saviour in your native land/ winning souls for
                              Him by feats of ascetic piety./ Cease not your love for men,/ praying
                              that our souls may also be saved.


                              St. Wenog
                              ---------------
                              Dates unknown. A Welsh said, mentioned in various calendars, but
                              aboutwhich nothing is known (Benedictines).


                              St. Genevieve (Genovefa) of Paris, Virgin
                              ------------------------------------------------------------
                              Born in Nanterre near Paris, France, c. 422; died in Paris, c. 500
                              Genevieve was born in a village on the outskirts of Paris during the
                              time of Attila the Hun. She was a shepherdess, the only child of Severus
                              and Gerontia, hardworking peasants. Genevieve was so bright and
                              attractive that when Saint Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, was visiting
                              thevillage with Saint Lupus on their way to Britain in 429 to squelch
                              Pelagianism, he took special notice of the seven-year-old. After his
                              sermon, the inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessings.
                              Germanus beckoned for her parents and foretold her future sanctity.
                              Whenhe asked Genevieve if she wished to be a spouse of Christ and serve
                              God only, she asked that he bless her and consecrate her from that
                              moment.

                              Taking a gold coin from his purse, he gave it to her, telling her to
                              keep it always as a reminder of that day and of God to whom her life
                              belonged. Although in later years Genevieve was often hungry and had
                              noother money, she never parted with the coin. Another version recorded
                              by Constantius tells how the holy bishop went to the church, followed by
                              the people, and during the long singing of Psalms and prayers, "he laid
                              his hand upon the maiden's head." In either case, she continued tending
                              the sheep and helping her blind mother in spinning and weaving.

                              When Genevieve was 15, her parents died and she went to live in Paris,
                              where she repeated her vows and the bishop of Paris gave her and two
                              other girls the veil. She settled with her godmother Lutetia in Paris.
                              In the course of time, she became famous for her sanctity. She
                              frequently ate only twice a week--sparingly (a small portion of barley
                              bread and some beans). (This fasting she continued until age 50 when her
                              bishop commanded her to alter her diet.)

                              She experienced visions and prophecies, which initially evoked hostility
                              from Parisians--to the point that an attempt was made to take her life.
                              But the support of Germanus, who visited her again, and the accuracy of
                              her predictions eventually changed their attitudes. (Germanus also
                              corrected some of her harsher penances during this visit.)

                              The young girl loved to pray in church alone at night. One day a gust of
                              wind blew out her candle, leaving her in the dark. Genevieve merely
                              concluded that the devil was trying to frighten her. For this reason
                              sheis often depicted holding a candle, sometimes with an irritated devil
                              standing near.

                              Her bravery rallied the city in 451, when Attila II the Hun's army
                              marched on the city in an attempt to wrest Gaul from the Visigoths. The
                              citizens were ready to evacuate the city. As the Huns battered at the
                              gates of Paris, Genevieve persuaded the men to stay and gathered the
                              women of the city for prayer. Her courage depended on complete trust in
                              God, and as Attila and his army approached she encouraged the Parisians
                              to fast and pray in the hope that God would avert disaster. Many
                              citizens spent whole days in prayer with her in the baptistery. It is
                              from this that the devotion to Saint Genevieve, formerly practised at
                              Saint- Jean-le-Rond, the ancient public baptistery of the church of
                              Paris, appears to have originated. She reassured the people that they
                              had the protection of heaven. She cared for the sick, fed the poor, and
                              everywhere inspired confidence. "God will protect you," she said, "we
                              must trust in Him."

                              At one point, however, when the crisis was at its height and the people
                              were panic-stricken, they turned against her, wanting to stone her and
                              saying that she was a false prophet who would bring about their
                              destruction, and they threatened to stone her. But the good Bishop
                              Germanus had not forgotten her, and though he lay dying in Ravenna,
                              Italy, he sent his archdeacon Sedulius to pacify the people. Sedulius
                              persuaded the panic-stricken people that Genevieve was not a prophetess
                              of doom, and to listen to her counsel not to abandon their homes.

                              Many of the inhabitants lost heart and fled in panic, but Genevieve
                              again gathered the women around her, and led them out on to the ramparts
                              of the city, where in the morning light and in the face of the spears of
                              the enemy they prayed to God for deliverance. Providentially, the same
                              night, the invader turned south to Orleans, and again the city was
                              saved, since when Genevieve, who was venerated even by the enemy, has
                              been acclaimed as a saviour and heroine of her people.

                              In 486 the saint's bravery proved invaluable for the people of Paris for
                              the second time. The Frankish King Clovis killed Syragrius, the Roman
                              representative in Soissons, ending the Roman governance of Gaul. King
                              Childeric of the Franks besieged Paris, bringing its inhabitants to the
                              point of starvation.

                              One night, when the city was blockaded and there was a serious shortage
                              of food, Genevieve took a boat and rowed out alone (more likely at the
                              head of a company) upon the river into the darkness to Arcis-sur-Aube
                              and Troyes. She slipped silently and secretly past the lines of the
                              enemy, landing at dawn far outside the city, where she went from village
                              to village imploring help and gathering food, and returned to
                              Paris--again successfully evading the enemy--with eleven boatloads of
                              precious corn. (Other sources say that nightly she captained eleven
                              barges to collect grain in the Champagne region.)

                              When the siege was over, Childeric, the ever-pagan conqueror, in
                              admiration of her courage, sent for her and asked what he might do for
                              her. "Release your prisoners," she replied. "Their only fault was that
                              they so dearly loved their city." And this he granted.

                              When, on the death of Childeric, Clovis succeeded him and consolidated
                              control of the land from the Rhine to the Loire. He married Childeric's
                              elder daughter, Clothilde, who was a Christian and tried to convert her
                              husband without success. Clovis allowed his first son to be baptized,
                              but the child died. The second son was baptized and came close to death,
                              but recovered at the prayers of Clothilde and Remi.

                              Meanwhile, Genevieve became his trusted counsellor. Clovis entered a
                              harsh battle and promised to be baptized, if he should win. He won and
                              under the influence of Genevieve, he converted in 496. His people and
                              servants followed suit. Clovis, like Childeric, released many prisoners
                              at her request. Later, however, fresh troubles came to the city, and
                              once more it was threatened by an invading army.

                              Genevieve also initiated the interest of many people in building a
                              church in honour of Saint Denis, which was afterward rebuilt with a
                              monastery by King Dagobert in 629. Genevieve made many pilgrimages in
                              the company of other maidens to the shrine of Saint Martin of Tours. Her
                              reputation for sanctity is so great that it even reached Saint Simeon
                              the Stylite in Syria (he asked to be remembered in her prayers).

                              By the time she died King Clovis of the Franks had grown to venerate the
                              saint. It was at Genevieve's suggestion that Clovis began to build the
                              church of SS. Peter and Paul in the middle of Paris, where they interred
                              her body. Later the church was renamed Sainte Genevieve and it was
                              rebuilt in 1746.

                              In times of national crisis the French have often turned to Genevieve
                              for help. But in 1793 the body of Saint Genevieve was taken from her
                              shrine and publicly burned at the Place de Greve. At the time of the
                              French Revolution, the church was secularised and is now called the
                              Pantheon, a burial place for French worthies. But some of the relics
                              were spared and later placed in the Church of Saint Etienne (Stephen) du
                              Mont, where thousands visit them each year.

                              Most of the information about Genevieve derives from a Life that claims
                              to be by a contemporary; its authenticity and value are the subject of
                              much discussion. The idea that she was a shepherdess is recent and
                              without authority; the evidence suggests that she came from a family of
                              good position. She was a real person, however; her name is entered in
                              Saint Jerome's Martyrology, which makes her cultus very ancient.
                              (Attwater, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Encyclopaedia, Martindale,
                              Walsh, White).

                              In art she is shown as a shepherdess, usually holding a candle-- which
                              the devil is trying to extinguish, while an angel guards it-- or a book
                              or torch. She may have a coin suspended around her neck (the one
                              Germanus gave her). Sometimes she may be shown as a nun with sheep near
                              her, with the devil at her feet with bellows, a key in one hand and
                              candle in the other, or restoring sight to her mother (Benedictines,
                              Roeder, White).

                              She is the patron saint of Paris, and invoked against disasters, drought
                              and excessive rain, and fever (White).

                              Tropaire ton 1.

                              Tes larmes abondantes
                              ont arrose et feconde le desert des coeurs steriles,
                              tes prieres et tes soupirs
                              ont produit du fruit au centuple.
                              Prie pour ta cite, o sainte Genevieve,
                              et pour ceux qui venerent avec amour ta sainte memoire.

                              Kondakion ton 2.

                              Pour l'amour du Seigneur, o sainte Genevieve,
                              tu as pris en haine le desir de repos,
                              ayant eclaire ton esprit par le jeune,
                              car tu as vaincu les betes avec force.
                              Mais par tes prieres tu as ecrase l'agitation des ennemis.

                              From
                              http://perso.club-internet.fr/ndjasg/textes/tropaireSteGen.html
                              also several icons on this site

                              Icons:
                              http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Genevieve.htm##1
                              and

                              http://ph.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/photos
                              -has a large version of Fr Gregory Kroug's (Paris) icon which prints nicely

                              These Lives are archived at:
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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