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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
    Message 1 of 13 , Jan 30, 2008
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Aidan of Ferns
      * St. Madoes
      * St. Melangell (see #2)
      * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
      * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
      (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
      -------------------------------------------------
      Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

      "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
      you." --Saint Aidan.

      The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
      hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
      day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
      him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
      stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

      There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
      been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
      'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
      study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
      for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
      brought his own beer from his native land.

      The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
      several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
      on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
      with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
      Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
      disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
      Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
      claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
      unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
      which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

      Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
      that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
      that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
      later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
      In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
      genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
      charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
      of food to those in need.

      The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
      attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
      austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
      well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
      Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
      for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
      poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

      One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
      Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
      Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
      in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
      cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
      MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
      belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
      leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
      Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
      placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
      his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
      having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
      Scotland in the 12th century.

      He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
      (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
      Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

      Another Life:

      This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
      Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
      of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
      his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
      famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
      endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
      was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
      O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
      parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
      gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
      prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
      both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
      full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
      Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

      After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
      (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
      ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
      mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
      called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
      on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
      was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
      him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
      returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
      evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
      down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
      still prostrate penitent.

      The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
      endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
      one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
      accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
      young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
      just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
      to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
      abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
      ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
      of angels".

      When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
      must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
      which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
      monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
      it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
      bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
      soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

      Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
      Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
      most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
      he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
      oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
      hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

      Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
      were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
      M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
      Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


      St. Madoes (Madianus)
      -------------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
      Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
      (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
      Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
      sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
      entangled in his story (Benedictines).


      St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
      -------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
      at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
      ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
      be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
      of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

      Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
      the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
      traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
      those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
      monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
      frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
      maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
      reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
      Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
      enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
      death the fervour of the community
      declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
      (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


      St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
      ----------------------------------------------------------
      Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
      called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
      Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
      chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
      after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
      solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
      spent 30 years.

      He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
      successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
      Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
      charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
      to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
      could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

      When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
      struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
      (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
      Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
      Message 2 of 13 , Jan 30, 2009
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Aidan of Ferns
        * St. Madoes
        * St. Melangell (see #2)
        * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
        * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
        (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
        -------------------------------------------------
        Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

        "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
        you." --Saint Aidan.

        The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
        hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
        day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
        him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
        stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

        There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
        been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
        'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
        study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
        for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
        brought his own beer from his native land.

        The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
        several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
        on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
        with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
        Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
        disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
        Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
        claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
        unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
        which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

        Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
        that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
        that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
        later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
        In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
        genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
        charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
        of food to those in need.

        The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
        attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
        austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
        well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
        Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
        for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
        poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

        One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
        Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
        Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
        in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
        cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
        MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
        belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
        leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
        Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
        placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
        his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
        having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
        Scotland in the 12th century.

        He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
        (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
        Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

        Another Life:

        This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
        Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
        of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
        his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
        famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
        endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
        was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
        O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
        parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
        gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
        prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
        both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
        full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
        Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

        After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
        (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
        ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
        mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
        called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
        on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
        was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
        him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
        returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
        evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
        down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
        still prostrate penitent.

        The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
        endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
        one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
        accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
        young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
        just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
        to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
        abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
        ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
        of angels".

        When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
        must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
        which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
        monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
        it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
        bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
        soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

        Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
        Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
        most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
        he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
        oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
        hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

        Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
        were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
        M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
        Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


        St. Madoes (Madianus)
        -------------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
        Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
        (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
        Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
        sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
        entangled in his story (Benedictines).


        St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
        -------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
        at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
        ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
        be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
        of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

        Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
        the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
        traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
        those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
        monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
        frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
        maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
        reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
        Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
        enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
        death the fervour of the community
        declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
        (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


        St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
        ----------------------------------------------------------
        Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
        called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
        Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
        chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
        after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
        solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
        spent 30 years.

        He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
        successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
        Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
        charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
        to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
        could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

        When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
        struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
        (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
        Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
        Message 3 of 13 , Jan 30, 2010
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Aidan of Ferns
          * St. Madoes
          * St. Melangell (see #2)
          * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
          * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
          (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
          -------------------------------------------------
          Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

          "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
          you." --Saint Aidan.

          The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
          hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
          day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
          him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
          stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

          There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
          been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
          'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
          study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
          for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
          brought his own beer from his native land.

          The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
          several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
          on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
          with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
          Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
          disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
          Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
          claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
          unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
          which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

          Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
          that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
          that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
          later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
          In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
          genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
          charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
          of food to those in need.

          The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
          attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
          austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
          well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
          Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
          for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
          poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

          One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
          Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
          Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
          in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
          cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
          MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
          belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
          leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
          Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
          placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
          his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
          having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
          Scotland in the 12th century.

          He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
          (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
          Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

          Another Life:

          This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
          Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
          of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
          his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
          famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
          endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
          was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
          O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
          parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
          gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
          prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
          both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
          full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
          Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

          After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
          (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
          ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
          mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
          called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
          on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
          was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
          him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
          returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
          evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
          down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
          still prostrate penitent.

          The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
          endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
          one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
          accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
          young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
          just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
          to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
          abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
          ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
          of angels".

          When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
          must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
          which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
          monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
          it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
          bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
          soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

          Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
          Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
          most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
          he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
          oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
          hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

          Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
          were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
          M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
          Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


          St. Madoes (Madianus)
          -------------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
          Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
          (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
          Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
          sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
          entangled in his story (Benedictines).


          St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
          -------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
          at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
          ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
          be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
          of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

          Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
          the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
          traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
          those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
          monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
          frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
          maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
          reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
          Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
          enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
          death the fervour of the community
          declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
          (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


          St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
          ----------------------------------------------------------
          Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
          called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
          Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
          chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
          after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
          solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
          spent 30 years.

          He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
          successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
          Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
          charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
          to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
          could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

          When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
          struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
          (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
          Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
          Message 4 of 13 , Jan 30, 2012
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Aidan of Ferns
            * St. Madoes
            * St. Melangell (see #2)
            * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
            * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
            (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
            -------------------------------------------------
            Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

            "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
            you." --Saint Aidan.

            The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
            hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
            day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
            him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
            stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

            There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
            been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
            'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
            study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
            for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
            brought his own beer from his native land.

            The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
            several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
            on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
            with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
            Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
            disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
            Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
            claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
            unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
            which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

            Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
            that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
            that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
            later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
            In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
            genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
            charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
            of food to those in need.

            The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
            attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
            austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
            well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
            Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
            for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
            poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

            One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
            Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
            Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
            in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
            cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
            MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
            belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
            leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
            Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
            placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
            his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
            having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
            Scotland in the 12th century.

            He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
            (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
            Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

            Another Life:

            This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
            Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
            of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
            his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
            famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
            endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
            was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
            O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
            parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
            gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
            prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
            both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
            full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
            Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

            After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
            (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
            ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
            mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
            called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
            on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
            was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
            him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
            returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
            evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
            down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
            still prostrate penitent.

            The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
            endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
            one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
            accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
            young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
            just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
            to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
            abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
            ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
            of angels".

            When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
            must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
            which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
            monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
            it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
            bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
            soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

            Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
            Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
            most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
            he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
            oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
            hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

            Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
            were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
            M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
            Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


            St. Madoes (Madianus)
            -------------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
            Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
            (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
            Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
            sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
            entangled in his story (Benedictines).


            St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
            -------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
            at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
            ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
            be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
            of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

            Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
            the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
            traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
            those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
            monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
            frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
            maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
            reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
            Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
            enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
            death the fervour of the community
            declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
            (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


            St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
            ----------------------------------------------------------
            Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
            called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
            Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
            chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
            after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
            solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
            spent 30 years.

            He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
            successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
            Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
            charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
            to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
            could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

            When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
            struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
            (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
            Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
            Message 5 of 13 , Feb 1, 2013
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Aidan of Ferns
              * St. Madoes
              * St. Melangell (see #2)
              * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
              * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
              (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
              -------------------------------------------------
              Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

              "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
              you." --Saint Aidan.

              The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
              hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
              day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
              him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
              stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

              There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
              been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
              'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
              study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
              for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
              brought his own beer from his native land.

              The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
              several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
              on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
              with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
              Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
              disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
              Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
              claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
              unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
              which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

              Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
              that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
              that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
              later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
              In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
              genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
              charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
              of food to those in need.

              The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
              attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
              austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
              well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
              Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
              for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
              poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

              One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
              Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
              Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
              in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
              cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
              MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
              belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
              leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
              Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
              placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
              his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
              having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
              Scotland in the 12th century.

              He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
              (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
              Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

              Another Life:

              This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
              Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
              of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
              his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
              famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
              endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
              was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
              O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
              parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
              gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
              prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
              both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
              full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
              Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

              After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
              (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
              ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
              mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
              called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
              on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
              was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
              him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
              returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
              evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
              down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
              still prostrate penitent.

              The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
              endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
              one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
              accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
              young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
              just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
              to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
              abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
              ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
              of angels".

              When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
              must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
              which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
              monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
              it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
              bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
              soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

              Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
              Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
              most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
              he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
              oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
              hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

              Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
              were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
              M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
              Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


              St. Madoes (Madianus)
              -------------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
              Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
              (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
              Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
              sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
              entangled in his story (Benedictines).


              St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
              -------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
              at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
              ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
              be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
              of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

              Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
              the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
              traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
              those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
              monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
              frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
              maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
              reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
              Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
              enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
              death the fervour of the community
              declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
              (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


              St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
              ----------------------------------------------------------
              Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
              called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
              Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
              chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
              after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
              solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
              spent 30 years.

              He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
              successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
              Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
              charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
              to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
              could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

              When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
              struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
              (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
              Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Ferns * St. Madoes * St. Melangell (see #2)
              Message 6 of 13 , Jan 30, 2014
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 31 January

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Aidan of Ferns
                * St. Madoes
                * St. Melangell (see #2)
                * St. Adamnan of Coldingham
                * St. Eusebius of Saint Gall
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Aidan of Ferns, Bishop
                (Aedan, Aedh, Maedoc-Edan, Moedoc, Mogue)
                -------------------------------------------------
                Born in Connaught, Ireland; died 626.

                "Give as if every pasture in the mountains of Ireland belonged to
                you." --Saint Aidan.

                The Irish Saint Aidan loved animals. His fellow Irishmen were fond of
                hunting. Aidan so protected them that his emblem in art is a stag. One
                day as he sat reading in Connaught, a desperate stag took refuge with
                him in the hope of escaping pursuing hounds. Aidan by a miracle made the
                stag invisible, and the hounds ran off.

                There were several Irish saints named Aidan but this one seems to have
                been the most important. As a youth he spent some time in Leinster but,
                'desirous of becoming learned in holy Scripture,' Aidan went to Wales to
                study under Saint David (Dewi; f.d. March 1) at Menevia in Pembrokeshire
                for several years. His only difference from his fellow monks is that he
                brought his own beer from his native land.

                The inspiration of Saint David caused him to return to Ireland with
                several other monks to built his own monastery at Ferns, County Wexford,
                on land given to him by Prince Brandrub (Brandubh) of Leinster together
                with the banquet halls and champions' quarters of the royal seat of
                Fearna. He also founded monasteries at Drumlane and Rossinver, which
                disputed Ferns' claim to his burial site. In addition to monasteries,
                Aidan is credited with founding about 30 churches in Ireland. One source
                claims that Aidan became the first bishop of Ferns (which is not that
                unlikely because many abbots were treated as bishops during the period),
                which displaced Sletty of Fiach as the bishop's seat. .

                Later in life he returned to Saint David's for a time, and it is said
                that Saint David died in the arms of Aidan. Welsh tradition maintains
                that Aidan succeeded David as abbot of Menevia, and on that basis Wales
                later claimed jurisdiction over Ferns because a Welsh abbot founded it.
                In fact, in Wales they regard Aidan as a native and provide him with a
                genealogy that includes Welsh nobility. There his great reputation for
                charity still survives, for he taught his monks to give their last bits
                of food to those in need.

                The written "vitae" of Saint Aidan are composed mostly of miracles
                attributed to him. His is attributed with astonishing feats of
                austerity, such as fasting on barley bread and water for seven years, as
                well as reciting 500 Psalms daily. An odd tale is related in another.
                Some spurious beggars hid their clothes, donned rags, and then begged
                for alms. Knowing what they had done, Aidan gave their clothes to the
                poor and sent the impostors away with neither their clothing nor alms.

                One story reports that he bequeathed his staff, bell (Bell of Saint
                Mogue), and reliquary to his three monasteries of Ferns, Drumlane, and
                Rossinver. All have survived the fates of time. The staff can be found
                in the National Museum in Dublin; the other two in the Library of Armagh
                cathedral. The bell had been in the hereditary keepership of the
                MacGoverns in Templeport, County Cavan. Another of his personal
                belongings, the Breac Moedoc, is in the National Museum. This stamped
                leather satchel and shrine that encased the relics of Saint Laserian of
                Leighlin (f.d. April 18) was brought from Rome and given to Aidan, who
                placed it in the church of Drumlane. A bronze reliquary that contained
                his remains in the 11th century is preserved in Dublin. In addition to
                having a cultus in Ireland and Wales, Saint Aidan was venerated in
                Scotland in the 12th century.

                He is represented in art by a stag because of the story related above
                (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, D'Arcy, Delaney,
                Farmer, Husenbeth, Kenney, Montague, Neeson, Porter, Stokes).

                Another Life:

                This saint illustrates the close co-operation that existed between the
                Celtic churches in Ireland and Wales. He was the greatly loved disciple
                of S. David for many years and during that time he was usually known by
                his baptismal name of Aedan but later in Ireland, where he founded the
                famous abbey at Ferns in County Wexford, he was given the prefix of
                endearment making his name Maedoc that was usually pronounced Mogue. It
                was his parents Sedua and Eithne, from the ancient families of the
                O'Neils and O'Briens, who named him Aedan and possibly his foster
                parents that started calling him "My little Hugh", Mo-Aidh-og, which
                gives us Maedoc. His parents had been childless for some time and had
                prayed frequently for an heir. One night a star was seen to descend upon
                both of them and a soothsayer told them they would have a wonderful son,
                full of God's grace. He was born on Brackly, an island in Templeport
                Lake in County Cavan, since called St Mogue's Island.

                After his initial education he went to S. David's monastery at Menevia
                (Wales) to be trained and the stories about him show him to have been an
                ardent scholar, impetuous but with a deep reverence and obedience to his
                mentor. One day as he was reading a precious book out in the open he was
                called upon to run an errand and he immediately ran off leaving the book
                on the ground. There was a heavy deluge of rain and, although the book
                was miraculously unharmed, David finding him on the sea shore ordered
                him to prostrate himself in penitence for his carelessness. S. David
                returned to the monastery and forgot about the incident until at the
                evening office he saw that Aedan was not with his brethren. They all ran
                down to the beach and drew him from the waves that were submerging the
                still prostrate penitent.

                The particular affection that David had for his Irish student did not
                endear him to all the community and the steward of the abbey persuaded
                one of the monks to engineer his death and make it look like an
                accident. David was putting on his sandals when he had a vision of the
                young man in danger and he ran to the forest with only one foot shod
                just in time to see the would-be assassin with his arms upraised about
                to deliver the death blow with an axe. By spiritual power the saintly
                abbot transfixed the monk who was left with his arms still up as Aedan
                ran towards his master escorted as S. David saw with "innumerable troops
                of angels".

                When the time came for him to return to his own country Mogue, as we
                must now call him, discovered he had forgotten to bring with him a bell
                which had been David's parting gift to him. He needed the bell for the
                monastery he was building at Ferns and he sent one of his monks to fetch
                it. S. David however sent the monk back empty-handed, entrusting the
                bell to a swift flying angel who was also able to advise him about a
                soul-friend, or confessor, recommending S. Molua.

                Mogue was responsible for other foundations, notably Clonagh in County
                Limerick, but it was his monastery at Ferns in County Wexford that was
                most dear to him and in his thoughts when absent from it. One day when
                he was a hundred miles distant he saw one of the monks ploughing with
                oxen near Ferns and falling in front of the plough. The abbot raised his
                hand, the oxen immediately halted and the monk was saved from injury.

                Only the wells remain of his foundations but after his death his bones
                were enshrined in a richly engraved and embossed casket called Breac
                M'Aodhog which is preserved, with its leather satchel, in the National
                Museum in Dublin. His day in the Irish Calendars is January 31st.


                St. Madoes (Madianus)
                -------------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. A place in the Carse of Gowrie takes it's name from
                Madoes. Some believe he is identical to Saint Moedoc or Aidan of Ferns
                (f.d. today). Another tradition makes of him a fellow missionary Saint
                Boniface Quiritinus or Curitan (f.d. March 14), who appears to have been
                sent from Rome to preach in Scotland. Legend and fact have become
                entangled in his story (Benedictines).


                St. Adamnan of Coldingham, Monk
                -------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 680. Saint Adamnan was an Irish pilgrim priest who became a monk
                at the double monastery of Coldingham near Berwick, Scotland, which was
                ruled by the abbess-founder, Saint Ebba (f.d. August 25). He should not
                be confused with the Adamnan (f.d. September 23) who wrote the biography
                of Saint Columba of Iona (f.d. June 9).

                Today's Adamnan established a reputation for his extreme austerity and
                the rigor with which he kept the Rule, which went beyond even that of
                traditional Irish monasticism. He was a very serious man, who criticized
                those whose actions he saw as frivolous. In a vision he learned that the
                monastery would be destroyed by fire because of "senseless gossip and
                frivolities." For this reason he insisted that monastic discipline be
                maintained more stringently. This omen unsettled the abbess, who was
                reassured by Adamnan that the event would not occur in her lifetime.
                Unfortunately, despite her personal holiness and renewed efforts to
                enforce the rule, Saint Ebba was not a gifted administrator. After her
                death the fervour of the community
                declined again and was destroyed in 683, shortly after Adamnan's death
                (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Montague, Montalembert).


                St. Eusebius of Saint Gall (of Mount Saint Victor), Martyr
                ----------------------------------------------------------
                Died 884; Montague shows his feast on January 30. The Irishman Eusebius,
                called Scotigena by Ratpert of Saint Gall, was a pilgrim who took the
                Benedictine habit in the Swiss abbey of Saint Gall. Ekkehard, another
                chronicler of the abbey, reports that Eusebius was from Ireland. Soon
                after his arrival in Switzerland, Eusebius opted for the life of
                solitude as a hermit on Mount Saint Victor in the Vorarlberg, where he
                spent 30 years.

                He was highly venerated in his lifetime by King Charles, son and
                successor to King Louis. In 883, the emperor founded an Irish monastery,
                Raetia, for him on the mountain. Two years later Charles deeded by royal
                charter the revenues of one of his villas near Rottris in the Voralberg
                to the monastery for a hospice for Irish pilgrims. Here 12 pilgrims
                could be accommodated on their way to Rome.

                When he was denouncing the sins of some godless peasants, one of them
                struck and killed him with a scythe; hence, he is venerated as a martyr
                (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Gougaud,
                Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).
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