Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.
 

30 April

Expand Messages
  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cynwl of Wales * St. Erconwald of London * St. Forannan * St.
    Message 1 of 14 , Apr 29, 2007
      Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Cynwl of Wales
      * St. Erconwald of London
      * St. Forannan
      * St. Swithbert the Younger
      * St. Onenn of Brittany
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Cynwl of Wales, Hermit
      ------------------------------------
      6th century. Cynwl, the brother of Saint Deiniol (Daniel), was the first
      bishop of Bangor (Wales.) He lived an austere life in northern Wales.
      Many churches have been dedicated to his honour (Benedictines).

      Troparion of St Cynwl Tone 7
      Thou wast a worthy brother of Bangor's Bishop Deiniol,/ O holy hermit
      Cynwl./ Having passed from thine austere life on earth/ to eternal glory
      in heaven,/ pray to Christ our God for the people of these lands,/ that
      He may grant us His great mercy.


      St. Erconwald (Erkenwald) Bishop of London, Abbot of Chertsey
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in East Anglia; died at Barking, April 30, c. 686-693; second feast
      day on May 13. Erconwald is reputed to have been of royal blood, son of
      Annas or Offa. In 675, Saint Theodore of Canterbury appointed Erconwald
      bishop of the East Saxons with his see in London and extending over
      Essex and Middlesex. His episcopate was the most important in that
      diocese between that of Saint Mellitus and Saint Dunstan. His shrine in
      Saint Paul's Cathedral was a much visited pilgrimage site during the
      Middle Ages, where miracles were reported until the 16th century, but
      little is known of his life except that he
      founded a monastery at Chertsey in Surrey, which he governed, and a
      convent at Barking in Essex to which he appointed as abbess his sister,
      Ethelburga. Erconwald took some part in the reconciliation of Saint
      Theodore with Saint Wilfrid. In Saint Bede's time, miracles were
      recorded as a result of touching the couch used by Erconwald in his
      later years. At his death,
      Erconwald's relics were claimed by Barking, Chertsey, and London; he was
      finally buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, which he had
      enlarged. The relics escaped the fire of 1087 and were placed in the
      crypt. November 14, 1148, they were translated to a new shrine behind
      the high altar, from where they were again moved on February 1, 1326
      (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer)

      Erconwald is portrayed in art as a bishop in a small 'chariot' (the
      Saxon equivalent of a bath chair) in which he travelled because of his
      gout. Sometimes there is a woman touching it or he may be shown with
      Saint Ethelburga of Barking (Roeder). Erconwald is invoked against gout
      (Roeder).

      Another Life:

      Believed to be an early convert of the mission led by S. Mellitus,
      Erconwald founded two religious houses on either side of the Thames, on
      the pattern that was later adopted by S. Benedict Biscop, when he built
      the twin monasteries of St. Peter, Monk Wearmouth and St. Paul, Jarrow.
      The abbey Erconwald built at Chertsey he presided over, as Abbot, but
      the other, at Barking, he gave to his sister St. Ethelburga, recalling
      St. Hildelid from France to train her in the religious life and to guide
      her in the governance of this double monastery of monks and nuns. His
      sister remained very close to him and later, when he was Bishop of
      London, used to accompany him on his journeys. Latterly, he was
      incapacitated by gout and had to be helped into a wheeled litter, the
      fore-runner of the Bath-chair, and the remains of this was preserved in
      Old St Paul's and shown as a relic.

      On the death of St. Cedd, in the plague of 664, Erconwald, who was
      descended from the house of Uffa, the royal family of the East Angles,
      was recommended by King Sebbi, to Archbishop Theodore, as the new Bishop
      of London. His ministry for the next eleven years was to be one of
      reconciliation. His diocese still contained some Britons who had
      remained, when the land was overrun by the Saxons, but the invaders were
      the predominant population. They had received the Christian Faith first
      of all through the Roman clergy sent by St. Gregory, but it had been
      established by the monks from Lindisfarne under St. Cedd, who were of
      the Celtic Church, so the see had a mixed tradition. Moreover, there was
      a certain amount of resistance to the reforms being introduced by St.
      Theodore, and Erconwald had a share in healing the divisions in the
      English Church as a whole, for the quarrel between Wilfrid and Theodore
      was finally settled in Erconwald's house just before the Archbishop's
      death.

      St. Erconwald's sanctity and peacemaking earned him an enduring place in
      the hearts of Londoners, and there are also many stories of miracles. A
      curious tale has been preserved of how, during the rebuilding of St
      Paul's, a coffin was discovered containing the body of a man wearing a
      crown and with a sceptre in his hand. There was no indication to whom
      this well preserved body belonged and, on the following day, St.
      Erconwald said mass for him and then asked who he was. The corpse
      immediately replied that he had been a judge of the New Troy, the
      legendary name for London, and because he was so renowned for his
      exemplary judgements he had earned the name of King of the Judges. The
      bishop asked him where he was now, and the judge answered that, because
      he had died without baptism, he was denied entrance into the Eternal
      City. St. Erconwald was so distressed by this that he began to weep
      saying how much he wished that he could have baptised him in the Name of
      the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Some of the tears fell
      upon the face of the righteous judge, and with a great cry of joy, he
      thanked the saint for releasing him from his earthly state by the
      washing with tears in the Name of the Trinity, and straight away his
      body disintegrated into dust.

      St. Erconwald died at his sister's abbey at Barking, and there was
      contention between the priests of St Paul's and the monks of Barking as
      to where he was to be buried. A great storm broke out, and there was
      flooding of the river, but then the sun broke through the clouds,
      seeming to point a golden path to the Cathedral. His body was interred
      in the crypt, but when the church was rebuilt in 1148 it was translated
      to a shrine behind the High Altar. It was a favourite place of
      pilgrimage until the sixteenth century and his feast day was kept on
      April 30th, the day of his death, with great splendour. November 14th
      was observed as the feast of the translation (Baring Gould, Bowen,
      Stanton, Shortt).

      Icon of Saint Erkenwald
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/erkenwal.htm


      St. Forannan, Abbot
      ---------------------------
      Died 982. A bishop, Saint Forannan left Ireland to join a community at
      the abbey of Waulsort on the Meuse and in 962 became its abbot. He spent
      some times at Gorze studying the monastic observance established by
      Saint John in order to introduce it at Waulsort, which he did most
      successfully (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


      St. Swithbert the Younger, Bishop
      ----------------------------------------------
      Born in England; died 807. Swithbert may have been a monk. He joined the
      missionaries in Germany and eventually became bishop of Werden in
      Westphalia (Benedictines).


      Saint Onenn (Onenna, Onenne) of Brittany
      --------------------------------------------------------
      Onenne was the daughter of King Judael of northern Armorica. She was
      venerated by the local people and become the local patron saint of the
      parish of Trehorenteuc. Living at the end of the 6th century and begining of
      the 7th century, she had a very humble destiny, despite her noble origin.
      She vowed herself to poverty, and became a goose- keeper. Thanks to those
      birds, one day she was saved from an aggressor, the population hearing
      their noise came to her rescue.

      Today, she is still venerated in the Morbihan, in Trehorenteuc (canton of
      Mauron), where the church and a well are dedicated to her name. Pilgrims
      still come to the church builted on the place of her burial. They ask for
      the healing of eye-illnesses. The well, being on private ground, is only
      accessible 2 days a year, during the pilgrimages. In an earlier time, there
      was a procession to that healing-well, with a group of geese walking first
      in the procession. In our days, this tradition is being revitalised.
      (Hippolyte Gancel)



      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Baring-Gould, S. (1882) The Lives of the Saints
      (15 volumes) John Hodges.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Gancel, Hippolyte, (2000) Les Saints qui Guerissent en Bretagne", vol 1,
      p.45, ISBN 2-7373-2513-7

      Shortt, L M. (1914). Lives & Legends of English Saints
      Methuen & Co. Ltd.

      Stanton, R A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
      Burns & Oates.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cynwl of Wales * St. Erconwald of London * St. Forannan * St.
      Message 2 of 14 , Apr 29, 2008
        Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Cynwl of Wales
        * St. Erconwald of London
        * St. Forannan
        * St. Swithbert the Younger
        * St. Onenn of Brittany
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Cynwl of Wales, Hermit
        ------------------------------------
        6th century. Cynwl, the brother of Saint Deiniol (Daniel), was the first
        bishop of Bangor (Wales.) He lived an austere life in northern Wales.
        Many churches have been dedicated to his honour (Benedictines).

        Troparion of St Cynwl Tone 7
        Thou wast a worthy brother of Bangor's Bishop Deiniol,/ O holy hermit
        Cynwl./ Having passed from thine austere life on earth/ to eternal glory
        in heaven,/ pray to Christ our God for the people of these lands,/ that
        He may grant us His great mercy.


        St. Erconwald (Erkenwald) Bishop of London, Abbot of Chertsey
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in East Anglia; died at Barking, April 30, c. 686-693; second feast
        day on May 13. Erconwald is reputed to have been of royal blood, son of
        Annas or Offa. In 675, Saint Theodore of Canterbury appointed Erconwald
        bishop of the East Saxons with his see in London and extending over
        Essex and Middlesex. His episcopate was the most important in that
        diocese between that of Saint Mellitus and Saint Dunstan. His shrine in
        Saint Paul's Cathedral was a much visited pilgrimage site during the
        Middle Ages, where miracles were reported until the 16th century, but
        little is known of his life except that he
        founded a monastery at Chertsey in Surrey, which he governed, and a
        convent at Barking in Essex to which he appointed as abbess his sister,
        Ethelburga. Erconwald took some part in the reconciliation of Saint
        Theodore with Saint Wilfrid. In Saint Bede's time, miracles were
        recorded as a result of touching the couch used by Erconwald in his
        later years. At his death,
        Erconwald's relics were claimed by Barking, Chertsey, and London; he was
        finally buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, which he had
        enlarged. The relics escaped the fire of 1087 and were placed in the
        crypt. November 14, 1148, they were translated to a new shrine behind
        the high altar, from where they were again moved on February 1, 1326
        (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer)

        Erconwald is portrayed in art as a bishop in a small 'chariot' (the
        Saxon equivalent of a bath chair) in which he travelled because of his
        gout. Sometimes there is a woman touching it or he may be shown with
        Saint Ethelburga of Barking (Roeder). Erconwald is invoked against gout
        (Roeder).

        Another Life:

        Believed to be an early convert of the mission led by S. Mellitus,
        Erconwald founded two religious houses on either side of the Thames, on
        the pattern that was later adopted by S. Benedict Biscop, when he built
        the twin monasteries of St. Peter, Monk Wearmouth and St. Paul, Jarrow.
        The abbey Erconwald built at Chertsey he presided over, as Abbot, but
        the other, at Barking, he gave to his sister St. Ethelburga, recalling
        St. Hildelid from France to train her in the religious life and to guide
        her in the governance of this double monastery of monks and nuns. His
        sister remained very close to him and later, when he was Bishop of
        London, used to accompany him on his journeys. Latterly, he was
        incapacitated by gout and had to be helped into a wheeled litter, the
        fore-runner of the Bath-chair, and the remains of this was preserved in
        Old St Paul's and shown as a relic.

        On the death of St. Cedd, in the plague of 664, Erconwald, who was
        descended from the house of Uffa, the royal family of the East Angles,
        was recommended by King Sebbi, to Archbishop Theodore, as the new Bishop
        of London. His ministry for the next eleven years was to be one of
        reconciliation. His diocese still contained some Britons who had
        remained, when the land was overrun by the Saxons, but the invaders were
        the predominant population. They had received the Christian Faith first
        of all through the Roman clergy sent by St. Gregory, but it had been
        established by the monks from Lindisfarne under St. Cedd, who were of
        the Celtic Church, so the see had a mixed tradition. Moreover, there was
        a certain amount of resistance to the reforms being introduced by St.
        Theodore, and Erconwald had a share in healing the divisions in the
        English Church as a whole, for the quarrel between Wilfrid and Theodore
        was finally settled in Erconwald's house just before the Archbishop's
        death.

        St. Erconwald's sanctity and peacemaking earned him an enduring place in
        the hearts of Londoners, and there are also many stories of miracles. A
        curious tale has been preserved of how, during the rebuilding of St
        Paul's, a coffin was discovered containing the body of a man wearing a
        crown and with a sceptre in his hand. There was no indication to whom
        this well preserved body belonged and, on the following day, St.
        Erconwald said mass for him and then asked who he was. The corpse
        immediately replied that he had been a judge of the New Troy, the
        legendary name for London, and because he was so renowned for his
        exemplary judgements he had earned the name of King of the Judges. The
        bishop asked him where he was now, and the judge answered that, because
        he had died without baptism, he was denied entrance into the Eternal
        City. St. Erconwald was so distressed by this that he began to weep
        saying how much he wished that he could have baptised him in the Name of
        the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Some of the tears fell
        upon the face of the righteous judge, and with a great cry of joy, he
        thanked the saint for releasing him from his earthly state by the
        washing with tears in the Name of the Trinity, and straight away his
        body disintegrated into dust.

        St. Erconwald died at his sister's abbey at Barking, and there was
        contention between the priests of St Paul's and the monks of Barking as
        to where he was to be buried. A great storm broke out, and there was
        flooding of the river, but then the sun broke through the clouds,
        seeming to point a golden path to the Cathedral. His body was interred
        in the crypt, but when the church was rebuilt in 1148 it was translated
        to a shrine behind the High Altar. It was a favourite place of
        pilgrimage until the sixteenth century and his feast day was kept on
        April 30th, the day of his death, with great splendour. November 14th
        was observed as the feast of the translation (Baring Gould, Bowen,
        Stanton, Shortt).

        Icon of Saint Erkenwald
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/erkenwal.htm


        St. Forannan, Abbot
        ---------------------------
        Died 982. A bishop, Saint Forannan left Ireland to join a community at
        the abbey of Waulsort on the Meuse and in 962 became its abbot. He spent
        some times at Gorze studying the monastic observance established by
        Saint John in order to introduce it at Waulsort, which he did most
        successfully (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


        St. Swithbert the Younger, Bishop
        ----------------------------------------------
        Born in England; died 807. Swithbert may have been a monk. He joined the
        missionaries in Germany and eventually became bishop of Werden in
        Westphalia (Benedictines).


        Saint Onenn (Onenna, Onenne) of Brittany
        --------------------------------------------------------
        Onenne was the daughter of King Judael of northern Armorica. She was
        venerated by the local people and become the local patron saint of the
        parish of Trehorenteuc. Living at the end of the 6th century and begining of
        the 7th century, she had a very humble destiny, despite her noble origin.
        She vowed herself to poverty, and became a goose- keeper. Thanks to those
        birds, one day she was saved from an aggressor, the population hearing
        their noise came to her rescue.

        Today, she is still venerated in the Morbihan, in Trehorenteuc (canton of
        Mauron), where the church and a well are dedicated to her name. Pilgrims
        still come to the church builted on the place of her burial. They ask for
        the healing of eye-illnesses. The well, being on private ground, is only
        accessible 2 days a year, during the pilgrimages. In an earlier time, there
        was a procession to that healing-well, with a group of geese walking first
        in the procession. In our days, this tradition is being revitalised.
        (Hippolyte Gancel)



        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Baring-Gould, S. (1882) The Lives of the Saints
        (15 volumes) John Hodges.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Gancel, Hippolyte, (2000) Les Saints qui Guerissent en Bretagne", vol 1,
        p.45, ISBN 2-7373-2513-7

        Shortt, L M. (1914). Lives & Legends of English Saints
        Methuen & Co. Ltd.

        Stanton, R A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
        Burns & Oates.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cynwl of Wales * St. Erconwald of London * St. Forannan * St.
        Message 3 of 14 , Apr 29, 2009
          Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Cynwl of Wales
          * St. Erconwald of London
          * St. Forannan
          * St. Swithbert the Younger
          * St. Onenn of Brittany
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Cynwl of Wales, Hermit
          ------------------------------------
          6th century. Cynwl, the brother of Saint Deiniol (Daniel), was the first
          bishop of Bangor (Wales.) He lived an austere life in northern Wales.
          Many churches have been dedicated to his honour (Benedictines).

          Troparion of St Cynwl Tone 7
          Thou wast a worthy brother of Bangor's Bishop Deiniol,/ O holy hermit
          Cynwl./ Having passed from thine austere life on earth/ to eternal glory
          in heaven,/ pray to Christ our God for the people of these lands,/ that
          He may grant us His great mercy.


          St. Erconwald (Erkenwald) Bishop of London, Abbot of Chertsey
          --------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in East Anglia; died at Barking, April 30, c. 686-693; second feast
          day on May 13. Erconwald is reputed to have been of royal blood, son of
          Annas or Offa. In 675, Saint Theodore of Canterbury appointed Erconwald
          bishop of the East Saxons with his see in London and extending over
          Essex and Middlesex. His episcopate was the most important in that
          diocese between that of Saint Mellitus and Saint Dunstan. His shrine in
          Saint Paul's Cathedral was a much visited pilgrimage site during the
          Middle Ages, where miracles were reported until the 16th century, but
          little is known of his life except that he
          founded a monastery at Chertsey in Surrey, which he governed, and a
          convent at Barking in Essex to which he appointed as abbess his sister,
          Ethelburga. Erconwald took some part in the reconciliation of Saint
          Theodore with Saint Wilfrid. In Saint Bede's time, miracles were
          recorded as a result of touching the couch used by Erconwald in his
          later years. At his death,
          Erconwald's relics were claimed by Barking, Chertsey, and London; he was
          finally buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, which he had
          enlarged. The relics escaped the fire of 1087 and were placed in the
          crypt. November 14, 1148, they were translated to a new shrine behind
          the high altar, from where they were again moved on February 1, 1326
          (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer)

          Erconwald is portrayed in art as a bishop in a small 'chariot' (the
          Saxon equivalent of a bath chair) in which he travelled because of his
          gout. Sometimes there is a woman touching it or he may be shown with
          Saint Ethelburga of Barking (Roeder). Erconwald is invoked against gout
          (Roeder).

          Another Life:

          Believed to be an early convert of the mission led by S. Mellitus,
          Erconwald founded two religious houses on either side of the Thames, on
          the pattern that was later adopted by S. Benedict Biscop, when he built
          the twin monasteries of St. Peter, Monk Wearmouth and St. Paul, Jarrow.
          The abbey Erconwald built at Chertsey he presided over, as Abbot, but
          the other, at Barking, he gave to his sister St. Ethelburga, recalling
          St. Hildelid from France to train her in the religious life and to guide
          her in the governance of this double monastery of monks and nuns. His
          sister remained very close to him and later, when he was Bishop of
          London, used to accompany him on his journeys. Latterly, he was
          incapacitated by gout and had to be helped into a wheeled litter, the
          fore-runner of the Bath-chair, and the remains of this was preserved in
          Old St Paul's and shown as a relic.

          On the death of St. Cedd, in the plague of 664, Erconwald, who was
          descended from the house of Uffa, the royal family of the East Angles,
          was recommended by King Sebbi, to Archbishop Theodore, as the new Bishop
          of London. His ministry for the next eleven years was to be one of
          reconciliation. His diocese still contained some Britons who had
          remained, when the land was overrun by the Saxons, but the invaders were
          the predominant population. They had received the Christian Faith first
          of all through the Roman clergy sent by St. Gregory, but it had been
          established by the monks from Lindisfarne under St. Cedd, who were of
          the Celtic Church, so the see had a mixed tradition. Moreover, there was
          a certain amount of resistance to the reforms being introduced by St.
          Theodore, and Erconwald had a share in healing the divisions in the
          English Church as a whole, for the quarrel between Wilfrid and Theodore
          was finally settled in Erconwald's house just before the Archbishop's
          death.

          St. Erconwald's sanctity and peacemaking earned him an enduring place in
          the hearts of Londoners, and there are also many stories of miracles. A
          curious tale has been preserved of how, during the rebuilding of St
          Paul's, a coffin was discovered containing the body of a man wearing a
          crown and with a sceptre in his hand. There was no indication to whom
          this well preserved body belonged and, on the following day, St.
          Erconwald said mass for him and then asked who he was. The corpse
          immediately replied that he had been a judge of the New Troy, the
          legendary name for London, and because he was so renowned for his
          exemplary judgements he had earned the name of King of the Judges. The
          bishop asked him where he was now, and the judge answered that, because
          he had died without baptism, he was denied entrance into the Eternal
          City. St. Erconwald was so distressed by this that he began to weep
          saying how much he wished that he could have baptised him in the Name of
          the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Some of the tears fell
          upon the face of the righteous judge, and with a great cry of joy, he
          thanked the saint for releasing him from his earthly state by the
          washing with tears in the Name of the Trinity, and straight away his
          body disintegrated into dust.

          St. Erconwald died at his sister's abbey at Barking, and there was
          contention between the priests of St Paul's and the monks of Barking as
          to where he was to be buried. A great storm broke out, and there was
          flooding of the river, but then the sun broke through the clouds,
          seeming to point a golden path to the Cathedral. His body was interred
          in the crypt, but when the church was rebuilt in 1148 it was translated
          to a shrine behind the High Altar. It was a favourite place of
          pilgrimage until the sixteenth century and his feast day was kept on
          April 30th, the day of his death, with great splendour. November 14th
          was observed as the feast of the translation (Baring Gould, Bowen,
          Stanton, Shortt).

          Icon of Saint Erkenwald
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/erkenwal.htm


          St. Forannan, Abbot
          ---------------------------
          Died 982. A bishop, Saint Forannan left Ireland to join a community at
          the abbey of Waulsort on the Meuse and in 962 became its abbot. He spent
          some times at Gorze studying the monastic observance established by
          Saint John in order to introduce it at Waulsort, which he did most
          successfully (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


          St. Swithbert the Younger, Bishop
          ----------------------------------------------
          Born in England; died 807. Swithbert may have been a monk. He joined the
          missionaries in Germany and eventually became bishop of Werden in
          Westphalia (Benedictines).


          Saint Onenn (Onenna, Onenne) of Brittany
          --------------------------------------------------------
          Onenne was the daughter of King Judael of northern Armorica. She was
          venerated by the local people and become the local patron saint of the
          parish of Trehorenteuc. Living at the end of the 6th century and begining of
          the 7th century, she had a very humble destiny, despite her noble origin.
          She vowed herself to poverty, and became a goose- keeper. Thanks to those
          birds, one day she was saved from an aggressor, the population hearing
          their noise came to her rescue.

          Today, she is still venerated in the Morbihan, in Trehorenteuc (canton of
          Mauron), where the church and a well are dedicated to her name. Pilgrims
          still come to the church builted on the place of her burial. They ask for
          the healing of eye-illnesses. The well, being on private ground, is only
          accessible 2 days a year, during the pilgrimages. In an earlier time, there
          was a procession to that healing-well, with a group of geese walking first
          in the procession. In our days, this tradition is being revitalised.
          (Hippolyte Gancel)



          Sources:
          ========

          Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Penguin Books.

          Baring-Gould, S. (1882) The Lives of the Saints
          (15 volumes) John Hodges.

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Gancel, Hippolyte, (2000) Les Saints qui Guerissent en Bretagne", vol 1,
          p.45, ISBN 2-7373-2513-7

          Shortt, L M. (1914). Lives & Legends of English Saints
          Methuen & Co. Ltd.

          Stanton, R A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
          Burns & Oates.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          1. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

          2. The website of Kathleen Hanrahan
          in monthly calendar format
          http://celticsaints.org/

          3. Mail Archive
          http://www.mail-archive.com/celt-saints@yahoogroups.com/
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cynwl of Wales * St. Erconwald of London * St. Forannan * St.
          Message 4 of 14 , Apr 29, 2010
            Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Cynwl of Wales
            * St. Erconwald of London
            * St. Forannan
            * St. Swithbert the Younger
            * St. Onenn of Brittany
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Cynwl of Wales, Hermit
            ------------------------------------
            6th century. Cynwl, the brother of Saint Deiniol (Daniel), was the first
            bishop of Bangor (Wales.) He lived an austere life in northern Wales.
            Many churches have been dedicated to his honour (Benedictines).

            Troparion of St Cynwl Tone 7
            Thou wast a worthy brother of Bangor's Bishop Deiniol,/ O holy hermit
            Cynwl./ Having passed from thine austere life on earth/ to eternal glory
            in heaven,/ pray to Christ our God for the people of these lands,/ that
            He may grant us His great mercy.


            St. Erconwald (Erkenwald) Bishop of London, Abbot of Chertsey
            --------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in East Anglia; died at Barking, April 30, c. 686-693; second feast
            day on May 13. Erconwald is reputed to have been of royal blood, son of
            Annas or Offa. In 675, Saint Theodore of Canterbury appointed Erconwald
            bishop of the East Saxons with his see in London and extending over
            Essex and Middlesex. His episcopate was the most important in that
            diocese between that of Saint Mellitus and Saint Dunstan. His shrine in
            Saint Paul's Cathedral was a much visited pilgrimage site during the
            Middle Ages, where miracles were reported until the 16th century, but
            little is known of his life except that he
            founded a monastery at Chertsey in Surrey, which he governed, and a
            convent at Barking in Essex to which he appointed as abbess his sister,
            Ethelburga. Erconwald took some part in the reconciliation of Saint
            Theodore with Saint Wilfrid. In Saint Bede's time, miracles were
            recorded as a result of touching the couch used by Erconwald in his
            later years. At his death,
            Erconwald's relics were claimed by Barking, Chertsey, and London; he was
            finally buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, which he had
            enlarged. The relics escaped the fire of 1087 and were placed in the
            crypt. November 14, 1148, they were translated to a new shrine behind
            the high altar, from where they were again moved on February 1, 1326
            (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer)

            Erconwald is portrayed in art as a bishop in a small 'chariot' (the
            Saxon equivalent of a bath chair) in which he travelled because of his
            gout. Sometimes there is a woman touching it or he may be shown with
            Saint Ethelburga of Barking (Roeder). Erconwald is invoked against gout
            (Roeder).

            Another Life:

            Believed to be an early convert of the mission led by S. Mellitus,
            Erconwald founded two religious houses on either side of the Thames, on
            the pattern that was later adopted by S. Benedict Biscop, when he built
            the twin monasteries of St. Peter, Monk Wearmouth and St. Paul, Jarrow.
            The abbey Erconwald built at Chertsey he presided over, as Abbot, but
            the other, at Barking, he gave to his sister St. Ethelburga, recalling
            St. Hildelid from France to train her in the religious life and to guide
            her in the governance of this double monastery of monks and nuns. His
            sister remained very close to him and later, when he was Bishop of
            London, used to accompany him on his journeys. Latterly, he was
            incapacitated by gout and had to be helped into a wheeled litter, the
            fore-runner of the Bath-chair, and the remains of this was preserved in
            Old St Paul's and shown as a relic.

            On the death of St. Cedd, in the plague of 664, Erconwald, who was
            descended from the house of Uffa, the royal family of the East Angles,
            was recommended by King Sebbi, to Archbishop Theodore, as the new Bishop
            of London. His ministry for the next eleven years was to be one of
            reconciliation. His diocese still contained some Britons who had
            remained, when the land was overrun by the Saxons, but the invaders were
            the predominant population. They had received the Christian Faith first
            of all through the Roman clergy sent by St. Gregory, but it had been
            established by the monks from Lindisfarne under St. Cedd, who were of
            the Celtic Church, so the see had a mixed tradition. Moreover, there was
            a certain amount of resistance to the reforms being introduced by St.
            Theodore, and Erconwald had a share in healing the divisions in the
            English Church as a whole, for the quarrel between Wilfrid and Theodore
            was finally settled in Erconwald's house just before the Archbishop's
            death.

            St. Erconwald's sanctity and peacemaking earned him an enduring place in
            the hearts of Londoners, and there are also many stories of miracles. A
            curious tale has been preserved of how, during the rebuilding of St
            Paul's, a coffin was discovered containing the body of a man wearing a
            crown and with a sceptre in his hand. There was no indication to whom
            this well preserved body belonged and, on the following day, St.
            Erconwald said mass for him and then asked who he was. The corpse
            immediately replied that he had been a judge of the New Troy, the
            legendary name for London, and because he was so renowned for his
            exemplary judgements he had earned the name of King of the Judges. The
            bishop asked him where he was now, and the judge answered that, because
            he had died without baptism, he was denied entrance into the Eternal
            City. St. Erconwald was so distressed by this that he began to weep
            saying how much he wished that he could have baptised him in the Name of
            the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Some of the tears fell
            upon the face of the righteous judge, and with a great cry of joy, he
            thanked the saint for releasing him from his earthly state by the
            washing with tears in the Name of the Trinity, and straight away his
            body disintegrated into dust.

            St. Erconwald died at his sister's abbey at Barking, and there was
            contention between the priests of St Paul's and the monks of Barking as
            to where he was to be buried. A great storm broke out, and there was
            flooding of the river, but then the sun broke through the clouds,
            seeming to point a golden path to the Cathedral. His body was interred
            in the crypt, but when the church was rebuilt in 1148 it was translated
            to a shrine behind the High Altar. It was a favourite place of
            pilgrimage until the sixteenth century and his feast day was kept on
            April 30th, the day of his death, with great splendour. November 14th
            was observed as the feast of the translation (Baring Gould, Bowen,
            Stanton, Shortt).

            Icon of Saint Erkenwald
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/erkenwal.htm


            St. Forannan, Abbot
            ---------------------------
            Died 982. A bishop, Saint Forannan left Ireland to join a community at
            the abbey of Waulsort on the Meuse and in 962 became its abbot. He spent
            some times at Gorze studying the monastic observance established by
            Saint John in order to introduce it at Waulsort, which he did most
            successfully (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


            St. Swithbert the Younger, Bishop
            ----------------------------------------------
            Born in England; died 807. Swithbert may have been a monk. He joined the
            missionaries in Germany and eventually became bishop of Werden in
            Westphalia (Benedictines).


            Saint Onenn (Onenna, Onenne) of Brittany
            --------------------------------------------------------
            Onenne was the daughter of King Judael of northern Armorica. She was
            venerated by the local people and become the local patron saint of the
            parish of Trehorenteuc. Living at the end of the 6th century and begining of
            the 7th century, she had a very humble destiny, despite her noble origin.
            She vowed herself to poverty, and became a goose- keeper. Thanks to those
            birds, one day she was saved from an aggressor, the population hearing
            their noise came to her rescue.

            Today, she is still venerated in the Morbihan, in Trehorenteuc (canton of
            Mauron), where the church and a well are dedicated to her name. Pilgrims
            still come to the church builted on the place of her burial. They ask for
            the healing of eye-illnesses. The well, being on private ground, is only
            accessible 2 days a year, during the pilgrimages. In an earlier time, there
            was a procession to that healing-well, with a group of geese walking first
            in the procession. In our days, this tradition is being revitalised.
            (Hippolyte Gancel)



            Sources:
            ========

            Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Penguin Books.

            Baring-Gould, S. (1882) The Lives of the Saints
            (15 volumes) John Hodges.

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
            Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

            Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
            Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Gancel, Hippolyte, (2000) Les Saints qui Guerissent en Bretagne", vol 1,
            p.45, ISBN 2-7373-2513-7

            Shortt, L M. (1914). Lives & Legends of English Saints
            Methuen & Co. Ltd.

            Stanton, R A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
            Burns & Oates.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            1. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

            2. The website of Kathleen Hanrahan
            in monthly calendar format
            http://celticsaints.org/

            3. Mail Archive
            http://www.mail-archive.com/celt-saints@yahoogroups.com/
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Christ is Risen! Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cynwl of Wales * St. Erconwald of London * St.
            Message 5 of 14 , Apr 29, 2011
              Christ is Risen!

              Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Cynwl of Wales
              * St. Erconwald of London
              * St. Forannan
              * St. Swithbert the Younger
              * St. Onenn of Brittany
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Cynwl of Wales, Hermit
              ------------------------------------
              6th century. Cynwl, the brother of Saint Deiniol (Daniel), was the first
              bishop of Bangor (Wales.) He lived an austere life in northern Wales.
              Many churches have been dedicated to his honour (Benedictines).

              Troparion of St Cynwl Tone 7
              Thou wast a worthy brother of Bangor's Bishop Deiniol,/ O holy hermit
              Cynwl./ Having passed from thine austere life on earth/ to eternal glory
              in heaven,/ pray to Christ our God for the people of these lands,/ that
              He may grant us His great mercy.


              St. Erconwald (Erkenwald) Bishop of London, Abbot of Chertsey
              --------------------------------------------------------------
              Born in East Anglia; died at Barking, April 30, c. 686-693; second feast
              day on May 13. Erconwald is reputed to have been of royal blood, son of
              Annas or Offa. In 675, Saint Theodore of Canterbury appointed Erconwald
              bishop of the East Saxons with his see in London and extending over
              Essex and Middlesex. His episcopate was the most important in that
              diocese between that of Saint Mellitus and Saint Dunstan. His shrine in
              Saint Paul's Cathedral was a much visited pilgrimage site during the
              Middle Ages, where miracles were reported until the 16th century, but
              little is known of his life except that he
              founded a monastery at Chertsey in Surrey, which he governed, and a
              convent at Barking in Essex to which he appointed as abbess his sister,
              Ethelburga. Erconwald took some part in the reconciliation of Saint
              Theodore with Saint Wilfrid. In Saint Bede's time, miracles were
              recorded as a result of touching the couch used by Erconwald in his
              later years. At his death,
              Erconwald's relics were claimed by Barking, Chertsey, and London; he was
              finally buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, which he had
              enlarged. The relics escaped the fire of 1087 and were placed in the
              crypt. November 14, 1148, they were translated to a new shrine behind
              the high altar, from where they were again moved on February 1, 1326
              (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer)

              Erconwald is portrayed in art as a bishop in a small 'chariot' (the
              Saxon equivalent of a bath chair) in which he travelled because of his
              gout. Sometimes there is a woman touching it or he may be shown with
              Saint Ethelburga of Barking (Roeder). Erconwald is invoked against gout
              (Roeder).

              Another Life:

              Believed to be an early convert of the mission led by S. Mellitus,
              Erconwald founded two religious houses on either side of the Thames, on
              the pattern that was later adopted by S. Benedict Biscop, when he built
              the twin monasteries of St. Peter, Monk Wearmouth and St. Paul, Jarrow.
              The abbey Erconwald built at Chertsey he presided over, as Abbot, but
              the other, at Barking, he gave to his sister St. Ethelburga, recalling
              St. Hildelid from France to train her in the religious life and to guide
              her in the governance of this double monastery of monks and nuns. His
              sister remained very close to him and later, when he was Bishop of
              London, used to accompany him on his journeys. Latterly, he was
              incapacitated by gout and had to be helped into a wheeled litter, the
              fore-runner of the Bath-chair, and the remains of this was preserved in
              Old St Paul's and shown as a relic.

              On the death of St. Cedd, in the plague of 664, Erconwald, who was
              descended from the house of Uffa, the royal family of the East Angles,
              was recommended by King Sebbi, to Archbishop Theodore, as the new Bishop
              of London. His ministry for the next eleven years was to be one of
              reconciliation. His diocese still contained some Britons who had
              remained, when the land was overrun by the Saxons, but the invaders were
              the predominant population. They had received the Christian Faith first
              of all through the Roman clergy sent by St. Gregory, but it had been
              established by the monks from Lindisfarne under St. Cedd, who were of
              the Celtic Church, so the see had a mixed tradition. Moreover, there was
              a certain amount of resistance to the reforms being introduced by St.
              Theodore, and Erconwald had a share in healing the divisions in the
              English Church as a whole, for the quarrel between Wilfrid and Theodore
              was finally settled in Erconwald's house just before the Archbishop's
              death.

              St. Erconwald's sanctity and peacemaking earned him an enduring place in
              the hearts of Londoners, and there are also many stories of miracles. A
              curious tale has been preserved of how, during the rebuilding of St
              Paul's, a coffin was discovered containing the body of a man wearing a
              crown and with a sceptre in his hand. There was no indication to whom
              this well preserved body belonged and, on the following day, St.
              Erconwald said mass for him and then asked who he was. The corpse
              immediately replied that he had been a judge of the New Troy, the
              legendary name for London, and because he was so renowned for his
              exemplary judgements he had earned the name of King of the Judges. The
              bishop asked him where he was now, and the judge answered that, because
              he had died without baptism, he was denied entrance into the Eternal
              City. St. Erconwald was so distressed by this that he began to weep
              saying how much he wished that he could have baptised him in the Name of
              the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Some of the tears fell
              upon the face of the righteous judge, and with a great cry of joy, he
              thanked the saint for releasing him from his earthly state by the
              washing with tears in the Name of the Trinity, and straight away his
              body disintegrated into dust.

              St. Erconwald died at his sister's abbey at Barking, and there was
              contention between the priests of St Paul's and the monks of Barking as
              to where he was to be buried. A great storm broke out, and there was
              flooding of the river, but then the sun broke through the clouds,
              seeming to point a golden path to the Cathedral. His body was interred
              in the crypt, but when the church was rebuilt in 1148 it was translated
              to a shrine behind the High Altar. It was a favourite place of
              pilgrimage until the sixteenth century and his feast day was kept on
              April 30th, the day of his death, with great splendour. November 14th
              was observed as the feast of the translation (Baring Gould, Bowen,
              Stanton, Shortt).

              Icon of Saint Erkenwald
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/erkenwal.htm


              St. Forannan, Abbot
              ---------------------------
              Died 982. A bishop, Saint Forannan left Ireland to join a community at
              the abbey of Waulsort on the Meuse and in 962 became its abbot. He spent
              some times at Gorze studying the monastic observance established by
              Saint John in order to introduce it at Waulsort, which he did most
              successfully (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


              St. Swithbert the Younger, Bishop
              ----------------------------------------------
              Born in England; died 807. Swithbert may have been a monk. He joined the
              missionaries in Germany and eventually became bishop of Werden in
              Westphalia (Benedictines).


              Saint Onenn (Onenna, Onenne) of Brittany
              --------------------------------------------------------
              Onenne was the daughter of King Judael of northern Armorica. She was
              venerated by the local people and become the local patron saint of the
              parish of Trehorenteuc. Living at the end of the 6th century and begining of
              the 7th century, she had a very humble destiny, despite her noble origin.
              She vowed herself to poverty, and became a goose- keeper. Thanks to those
              birds, one day she was saved from an aggressor, the population hearing
              their noise came to her rescue.

              Today, she is still venerated in the Morbihan, in Trehorenteuc (canton of
              Mauron), where the church and a well are dedicated to her name. Pilgrims
              still come to the church builted on the place of her burial. They ask for
              the healing of eye-illnesses. The well, being on private ground, is only
              accessible 2 days a year, during the pilgrimages. In an earlier time, there
              was a procession to that healing-well, with a group of geese walking first
              in the procession. In our days, this tradition is being revitalised.
              (Hippolyte Gancel)



              Sources:
              ========

              Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Penguin Books.

              Baring-Gould, S. (1882) The Lives of the Saints
              (15 volumes) John Hodges.

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
              Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

              Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
              Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

              Gancel, Hippolyte, (2000) Les Saints qui Guerissent en Bretagne", vol 1,
              p.45, ISBN 2-7373-2513-7

              Shortt, L M. (1914). Lives & Legends of English Saints
              Methuen & Co. Ltd.

              Stanton, R A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
              Burns & Oates.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              1. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

              2. The website of Kathleen Hanrahan
              in monthly calendar format
              http://celticsaints.org/

              3. Mail Archive
              http://www.mail-archive.com/celt-saints@yahoogroups.com/
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cynwl of Wales * St. Erconwald of London * St. Forannan * St.
              Message 6 of 14 , Apr 29, 2012
                Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Cynwl of Wales
                * St. Erconwald of London
                * St. Forannan
                * St. Swithbert the Younger
                * St. Onenn of Brittany
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Cynwl of Wales, Hermit
                ------------------------------------
                6th century. Cynwl, the brother of Saint Deiniol (Daniel), was the first
                bishop of Bangor (Wales.) He lived an austere life in northern Wales.
                Many churches have been dedicated to his honour (Benedictines).

                Troparion of St Cynwl Tone 7
                Thou wast a worthy brother of Bangor's Bishop Deiniol,/ O holy hermit
                Cynwl./ Having passed from thine austere life on earth/ to eternal glory
                in heaven,/ pray to Christ our God for the people of these lands,/ that
                He may grant us His great mercy.


                St. Erconwald (Erkenwald) Bishop of London, Abbot of Chertsey
                --------------------------------------------------------------
                Born in East Anglia; died at Barking, April 30, c. 686-693; second feast
                day on May 13. Erconwald is reputed to have been of royal blood, son of
                Annas or Offa. In 675, Saint Theodore of Canterbury appointed Erconwald
                bishop of the East Saxons with his see in London and extending over
                Essex and Middlesex. His episcopate was the most important in that
                diocese between that of Saint Mellitus and Saint Dunstan. His shrine in
                Saint Paul's Cathedral was a much visited pilgrimage site during the
                Middle Ages, where miracles were reported until the 16th century, but
                little is known of his life except that he
                founded a monastery at Chertsey in Surrey, which he governed, and a
                convent at Barking in Essex to which he appointed as abbess his sister,
                Ethelburga. Erconwald took some part in the reconciliation of Saint
                Theodore with Saint Wilfrid. In Saint Bede's time, miracles were
                recorded as a result of touching the couch used by Erconwald in his
                later years. At his death,
                Erconwald's relics were claimed by Barking, Chertsey, and London; he was
                finally buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, which he had
                enlarged. The relics escaped the fire of 1087 and were placed in the
                crypt. November 14, 1148, they were translated to a new shrine behind
                the high altar, from where they were again moved on February 1, 1326
                (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer)

                Erconwald is portrayed in art as a bishop in a small 'chariot' (the
                Saxon equivalent of a bath chair) in which he travelled because of his
                gout. Sometimes there is a woman touching it or he may be shown with
                Saint Ethelburga of Barking (Roeder). Erconwald is invoked against gout
                (Roeder).

                Another Life:

                Believed to be an early convert of the mission led by S. Mellitus,
                Erconwald founded two religious houses on either side of the Thames, on
                the pattern that was later adopted by S. Benedict Biscop, when he built
                the twin monasteries of St. Peter, Monk Wearmouth and St. Paul, Jarrow.
                The abbey Erconwald built at Chertsey he presided over, as Abbot, but
                the other, at Barking, he gave to his sister St. Ethelburga, recalling
                St. Hildelid from France to train her in the religious life and to guide
                her in the governance of this double monastery of monks and nuns. His
                sister remained very close to him and later, when he was Bishop of
                London, used to accompany him on his journeys. Latterly, he was
                incapacitated by gout and had to be helped into a wheeled litter, the
                fore-runner of the Bath-chair, and the remains of this was preserved in
                Old St Paul's and shown as a relic.

                On the death of St. Cedd, in the plague of 664, Erconwald, who was
                descended from the house of Uffa, the royal family of the East Angles,
                was recommended by King Sebbi, to Archbishop Theodore, as the new Bishop
                of London. His ministry for the next eleven years was to be one of
                reconciliation. His diocese still contained some Britons who had
                remained, when the land was overrun by the Saxons, but the invaders were
                the predominant population. They had received the Christian Faith first
                of all through the Roman clergy sent by St. Gregory, but it had been
                established by the monks from Lindisfarne under St. Cedd, who were of
                the Celtic Church, so the see had a mixed tradition. Moreover, there was
                a certain amount of resistance to the reforms being introduced by St.
                Theodore, and Erconwald had a share in healing the divisions in the
                English Church as a whole, for the quarrel between Wilfrid and Theodore
                was finally settled in Erconwald's house just before the Archbishop's
                death.

                St. Erconwald's sanctity and peacemaking earned him an enduring place in
                the hearts of Londoners, and there are also many stories of miracles. A
                curious tale has been preserved of how, during the rebuilding of St
                Paul's, a coffin was discovered containing the body of a man wearing a
                crown and with a sceptre in his hand. There was no indication to whom
                this well preserved body belonged and, on the following day, St.
                Erconwald said mass for him and then asked who he was. The corpse
                immediately replied that he had been a judge of the New Troy, the
                legendary name for London, and because he was so renowned for his
                exemplary judgements he had earned the name of King of the Judges. The
                bishop asked him where he was now, and the judge answered that, because
                he had died without baptism, he was denied entrance into the Eternal
                City. St. Erconwald was so distressed by this that he began to weep
                saying how much he wished that he could have baptised him in the Name of
                the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Some of the tears fell
                upon the face of the righteous judge, and with a great cry of joy, he
                thanked the saint for releasing him from his earthly state by the
                washing with tears in the Name of the Trinity, and straight away his
                body disintegrated into dust.

                St. Erconwald died at his sister's abbey at Barking, and there was
                contention between the priests of St Paul's and the monks of Barking as
                to where he was to be buried. A great storm broke out, and there was
                flooding of the river, but then the sun broke through the clouds,
                seeming to point a golden path to the Cathedral. His body was interred
                in the crypt, but when the church was rebuilt in 1148 it was translated
                to a shrine behind the High Altar. It was a favourite place of
                pilgrimage until the sixteenth century and his feast day was kept on
                April 30th, the day of his death, with great splendour. November 14th
                was observed as the feast of the translation (Baring Gould, Bowen,
                Stanton, Shortt).

                Icon of Saint Erkenwald
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/erkenwal.htm


                St. Forannan, Abbot
                ---------------------------
                Died 982. A bishop, Saint Forannan left Ireland to join a community at
                the abbey of Waulsort on the Meuse and in 962 became its abbot. He spent
                some times at Gorze studying the monastic observance established by
                Saint John in order to introduce it at Waulsort, which he did most
                successfully (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                St. Swithbert the Younger, Bishop
                ----------------------------------------------
                Born in England; died 807. Swithbert may have been a monk. He joined the
                missionaries in Germany and eventually became bishop of Werden in
                Westphalia (Benedictines).


                Saint Onenn (Onenna, Onenne) of Brittany
                --------------------------------------------------------
                Onenne was the daughter of King Judael of northern Armorica. She was
                venerated by the local people and become the local patron saint of the
                parish of Trehorenteuc. Living at the end of the 6th century and begining of
                the 7th century, she had a very humble destiny, despite her noble origin.
                She vowed herself to poverty, and became a goose- keeper. Thanks to those
                birds, one day she was saved from an aggressor, the population hearing
                their noise came to her rescue.

                Today, she is still venerated in the Morbihan, in Trehorenteuc (canton of
                Mauron), where the church and a well are dedicated to her name. Pilgrims
                still come to the church builted on the place of her burial. They ask for
                the healing of eye-illnesses. The well, being on private ground, is only
                accessible 2 days a year, during the pilgrimages. In an earlier time, there
                was a procession to that healing-well, with a group of geese walking first
                in the procession. In our days, this tradition is being revitalised.
                (Hippolyte Gancel)



                Sources:
                ========

                Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Penguin Books.

                Baring-Gould, S. (1882) The Lives of the Saints
                (15 volumes) John Hodges.

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
                Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                Gancel, Hippolyte, (2000) Les Saints qui Guerissent en Bretagne", vol 1,
                p.45, ISBN 2-7373-2513-7

                Shortt, L M. (1914). Lives & Legends of English Saints
                Methuen & Co. Ltd.

                Stanton, R A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                Burns & Oates.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cynwl of Wales * St. Erconwald of London * St. Forannan * St.
                Message 7 of 14 , Apr 30, 2013
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 30 April

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Cynwl of Wales
                  * St. Erconwald of London
                  * St. Forannan
                  * St. Swithbert the Younger
                  * St. Onenn of Brittany
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Cynwl of Wales, Hermit
                  ------------------------------------
                  6th century. Cynwl, the brother of Saint Deiniol (Daniel), was the first
                  bishop of Bangor (Wales.) He lived an austere life in northern Wales.
                  Many churches have been dedicated to his honour (Benedictines).

                  Troparion of St Cynwl Tone 7
                  Thou wast a worthy brother of Bangor's Bishop Deiniol,/ O holy hermit
                  Cynwl./ Having passed from thine austere life on earth/ to eternal glory
                  in heaven,/ pray to Christ our God for the people of these lands,/ that
                  He may grant us His great mercy.


                  St. Erconwald (Erkenwald) Bishop of London, Abbot of Chertsey
                  --------------------------------------------------------------
                  Born in East Anglia; died at Barking, April 30, c. 686-693; second feast
                  day on May 13. Erconwald is reputed to have been of royal blood, son of
                  Annas or Offa. In 675, Saint Theodore of Canterbury appointed Erconwald
                  bishop of the East Saxons with his see in London and extending over
                  Essex and Middlesex. His episcopate was the most important in that
                  diocese between that of Saint Mellitus and Saint Dunstan. His shrine in
                  Saint Paul's Cathedral was a much visited pilgrimage site during the
                  Middle Ages, where miracles were reported until the 16th century, but
                  little is known of his life except that he
                  founded a monastery at Chertsey in Surrey, which he governed, and a
                  convent at Barking in Essex to which he appointed as abbess his sister,
                  Ethelburga. Erconwald took some part in the reconciliation of Saint
                  Theodore with Saint Wilfrid. In Saint Bede's time, miracles were
                  recorded as a result of touching the couch used by Erconwald in his
                  later years. At his death,
                  Erconwald's relics were claimed by Barking, Chertsey, and London; he was
                  finally buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, which he had
                  enlarged. The relics escaped the fire of 1087 and were placed in the
                  crypt. November 14, 1148, they were translated to a new shrine behind
                  the high altar, from where they were again moved on February 1, 1326
                  (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer)

                  Erconwald is portrayed in art as a bishop in a small 'chariot' (the
                  Saxon equivalent of a bath chair) in which he travelled because of his
                  gout. Sometimes there is a woman touching it or he may be shown with
                  Saint Ethelburga of Barking (Roeder). Erconwald is invoked against gout
                  (Roeder).

                  Another Life:

                  Believed to be an early convert of the mission led by S. Mellitus,
                  Erconwald founded two religious houses on either side of the Thames, on
                  the pattern that was later adopted by S. Benedict Biscop, when he built
                  the twin monasteries of St. Peter, Monk Wearmouth and St. Paul, Jarrow.
                  The abbey Erconwald built at Chertsey he presided over, as Abbot, but
                  the other, at Barking, he gave to his sister St. Ethelburga, recalling
                  St. Hildelid from France to train her in the religious life and to guide
                  her in the governance of this double monastery of monks and nuns. His
                  sister remained very close to him and later, when he was Bishop of
                  London, used to accompany him on his journeys. Latterly, he was
                  incapacitated by gout and had to be helped into a wheeled litter, the
                  fore-runner of the Bath-chair, and the remains of this was preserved in
                  Old St Paul's and shown as a relic.

                  On the death of St. Cedd, in the plague of 664, Erconwald, who was
                  descended from the house of Uffa, the royal family of the East Angles,
                  was recommended by King Sebbi, to Archbishop Theodore, as the new Bishop
                  of London. His ministry for the next eleven years was to be one of
                  reconciliation. His diocese still contained some Britons who had
                  remained, when the land was overrun by the Saxons, but the invaders were
                  the predominant population. They had received the Christian Faith first
                  of all through the Roman clergy sent by St. Gregory, but it had been
                  established by the monks from Lindisfarne under St. Cedd, who were of
                  the Celtic Church, so the see had a mixed tradition. Moreover, there was
                  a certain amount of resistance to the reforms being introduced by St.
                  Theodore, and Erconwald had a share in healing the divisions in the
                  English Church as a whole, for the quarrel between Wilfrid and Theodore
                  was finally settled in Erconwald's house just before the Archbishop's
                  death.

                  St. Erconwald's sanctity and peacemaking earned him an enduring place in
                  the hearts of Londoners, and there are also many stories of miracles. A
                  curious tale has been preserved of how, during the rebuilding of St
                  Paul's, a coffin was discovered containing the body of a man wearing a
                  crown and with a sceptre in his hand. There was no indication to whom
                  this well preserved body belonged and, on the following day, St.
                  Erconwald said mass for him and then asked who he was. The corpse
                  immediately replied that he had been a judge of the New Troy, the
                  legendary name for London, and because he was so renowned for his
                  exemplary judgements he had earned the name of King of the Judges. The
                  bishop asked him where he was now, and the judge answered that, because
                  he had died without baptism, he was denied entrance into the Eternal
                  City. St. Erconwald was so distressed by this that he began to weep
                  saying how much he wished that he could have baptised him in the Name of
                  the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Some of the tears fell
                  upon the face of the righteous judge, and with a great cry of joy, he
                  thanked the saint for releasing him from his earthly state by the
                  washing with tears in the Name of the Trinity, and straight away his
                  body disintegrated into dust.

                  St. Erconwald died at his sister's abbey at Barking, and there was
                  contention between the priests of St Paul's and the monks of Barking as
                  to where he was to be buried. A great storm broke out, and there was
                  flooding of the river, but then the sun broke through the clouds,
                  seeming to point a golden path to the Cathedral. His body was interred
                  in the crypt, but when the church was rebuilt in 1148 it was translated
                  to a shrine behind the High Altar. It was a favourite place of
                  pilgrimage until the sixteenth century and his feast day was kept on
                  April 30th, the day of his death, with great splendour. November 14th
                  was observed as the feast of the translation (Baring Gould, Bowen,
                  Stanton, Shortt).

                  Icon of Saint Erkenwald
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/erkenwal.htm


                  St. Forannan, Abbot
                  ---------------------------
                  Died 982. A bishop, Saint Forannan left Ireland to join a community at
                  the abbey of Waulsort on the Meuse and in 962 became its abbot. He spent
                  some times at Gorze studying the monastic observance established by
                  Saint John in order to introduce it at Waulsort, which he did most
                  successfully (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                  St. Swithbert the Younger, Bishop
                  ----------------------------------------------
                  Born in England; died 807. Swithbert may have been a monk. He joined the
                  missionaries in Germany and eventually became bishop of Werden in
                  Westphalia (Benedictines).


                  Saint Onenn (Onenna, Onenne) of Brittany
                  --------------------------------------------------------
                  Onenne was the daughter of King Judael of northern Armorica. She was
                  venerated by the local people and become the local patron saint of the
                  parish of Trehorenteuc. Living at the end of the 6th century and begining of
                  the 7th century, she had a very humble destiny, despite her noble origin.
                  She vowed herself to poverty, and became a goose- keeper. Thanks to those
                  birds, one day she was saved from an aggressor, the population hearing
                  their noise came to her rescue.

                  Today, she is still venerated in the Morbihan, in Trehorenteuc (canton of
                  Mauron), where the church and a well are dedicated to her name. Pilgrims
                  still come to the church builted on the place of her burial. They ask for
                  the healing of eye-illnesses. The well, being on private ground, is only
                  accessible 2 days a year, during the pilgrimages. In an earlier time, there
                  was a procession to that healing-well, with a group of geese walking first
                  in the procession. In our days, this tradition is being revitalised.
                  (Hippolyte Gancel)



                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                  Penguin Books.

                  Baring-Gould, S. (1882) The Lives of the Saints
                  (15 volumes) John Hodges.

                  Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                  Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                  Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, April. (1966).
                  Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                  Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                  Gancel, Hippolyte, (2000) Les Saints qui Guerissent en Bretagne", vol 1,
                  p.45, ISBN 2-7373-2513-7

                  Shortt, L M. (1914). Lives & Legends of English Saints
                  Methuen & Co. Ltd.

                  Stanton, R A. (1887). Menology of England and Wales
                  Burns & Oates.

                  For All the Saints: - new active link
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                  http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.