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[celt-saints] 2 April

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  • emrys`nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
    Message 1 of 14 , Mar 31, 2000
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
      * St. Constantine II of Scotland
      * St. Ebba the Younger
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
      ------------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
      martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
      name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
      which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
      subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
      that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

      In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
      branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
      heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
      seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
      prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
      away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
      Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
      (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
      Neeson).


      St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
      ------------------------------------------------
      Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
      Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
      In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
      abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
      where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
      venerated as a martyr (Benedictines,
      Husenbeth).


      St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
      ------------------------------------------------
      Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
      monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
      which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
      (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
      virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
      gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
      example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
      to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
      They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
      disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
      death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
      community perished in the flames.

      Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
      been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, and no ancient cultus,
      there was a shrine dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham,
      another manuscript refers to a curious feast of the dedication of the
      altar of Saint Ebba on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or
      the Elder (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1958). A dictionary of saints. New York:
      P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate. (1947). The
      book of saints: A dictionary of servants of God canonized
      by the Catholic Church extracted from the Roman and other
      martyrologies. NY: Macmillan.

      Bentley, J. (1986). A calendar of saints: The lives of the
      principal saints of the Christian year, NY: Facts on File.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
      Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The saints and martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
      London: Ernest Benn Limited.

      Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm
      These Lives are archived at:
      http://www.egroups.com/group/celt-saints/
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
      Message 2 of 14 , Apr 1, 2001
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
        * St. Constantine II of Scotland
        * St. Ebba the Younger
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
        ------------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
        martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
        name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
        which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
        subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
        that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

        In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
        branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
        heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
        seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
        prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
        away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
        Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
        (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
        Neeson).


        St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
        ------------------------------------------------
        Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
        Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
        In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
        abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
        where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
        venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


        St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
        ------------------------------------------------
        Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
        monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
        which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
        (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
        virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
        gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
        example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
        to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
        They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
        disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
        death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
        community perished in the flames.

        Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
        been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
        dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
        refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
        on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
        P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
        Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
        Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

        Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
        London: Ernest Benn Limited.

        Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://www.egroups.com/group/celt-saints/
        *****************************************
      • ambrós
        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
        Message 3 of 14 , Mar 31, 2002
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
          * St. Constantine II of Scotland
          * St. Ebba the Younger
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
          ------------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
          martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
          name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
          which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
          subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
          that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

          In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
          branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
          heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
          seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
          prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
          away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
          Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
          (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
          Neeson).


          St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
          ------------------------------------------------
          Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
          Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
          In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
          abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
          where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
          venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


          St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
          ------------------------------------------------
          Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
          monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
          which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
          (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
          virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
          gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
          example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
          to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
          They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
          disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
          death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
          community perished in the flames.

          Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
          been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
          dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
          refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
          on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


          Sources:
          ========

          Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
          P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
          Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

          D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
          Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
          London: Virtue & Co.

          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

          Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
          London: Ernest Benn Limited.

          Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

          Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page:
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • ambrós
          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
          Message 4 of 14 , Mar 31, 2003
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
            * St. Constantine II of Scotland
            * St. Ebba the Younger
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
            ------------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
            martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
            name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
            which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
            subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
            that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

            In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
            branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
            heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
            seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
            prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
            away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
            Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
            (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
            Neeson).


            St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
            ------------------------------------------------
            Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
            Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
            In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
            abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
            where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
            venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


            St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
            ------------------------------------------------
            Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
            monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
            which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
            (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
            virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
            gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
            example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
            to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
            They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
            disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
            death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
            community perished in the flames.

            Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
            been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
            dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
            refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
            on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
            (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


            Sources:
            ========

            Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
            P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

            Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
            Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

            D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
            Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

            Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
            Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
            Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
            London: Virtue & Co.

            Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
            Guildford: Billing & Sons.

            Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
            London: Ernest Benn Limited.

            Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

            For All the Saints:
            http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

            Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page:
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
            Message 5 of 14 , Mar 31, 2004
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
              * St. Constantine II of Scotland
              * St. Ebba the Younger
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
              ------------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
              martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
              name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
              which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
              subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
              that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

              In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
              branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
              heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
              seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
              prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
              away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
              Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
              (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
              Neeson).


              St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
              ------------------------------------------------
              Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
              Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
              In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
              abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
              where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
              venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


              St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
              ------------------------------------------------
              Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
              monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
              which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
              (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
              virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
              gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
              example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
              to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
              They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
              disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
              death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
              community perished in the flames.

              Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
              been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
              dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
              refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
              on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
              (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


              Sources:
              ========

              Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
              P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

              Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
              Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

              D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
              Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

              Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
              Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

              Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
              Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
              London: Virtue & Co.

              Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
              Guildford: Billing & Sons.

              Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
              London: Ernest Benn Limited.

              Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              Orthodox Ireland Saints
              http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              *****************************************
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
              Message 6 of 14 , Mar 31, 2005
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                * St. Ebba the Younger
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                ------------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                Neeson).


                St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                ------------------------------------------------
                Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                ------------------------------------------------
                Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                community perished in the flames.

                Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                Sources:
                ========

                Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                London: Virtue & Co.

                Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                *****************************************
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                Message 7 of 14 , Mar 31, 2006
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                  * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                  * St. Ebba the Younger
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                  ------------------------------------------------
                  Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                  martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                  name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                  which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                  subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                  that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                  In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                  branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                  heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                  seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                  prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                  away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                  Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                  (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                  Neeson).


                  St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                  ------------------------------------------------
                  Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                  Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                  In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                  abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                  where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                  venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                  St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                  ------------------------------------------------
                  Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                  monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                  which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                  (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                  virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                  gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                  example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                  to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                  They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                  disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                  death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                  community perished in the flames.

                  Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                  been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                  dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                  refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                  on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                  (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                  P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                  Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                  Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                  D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                  Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                  Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                  Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                  Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                  Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                  Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                  London: Virtue & Co.

                  Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                  Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                  Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                  London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                  Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                  Message 8 of 14 , Apr 1, 2007
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                    * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                    * St. Ebba the Younger
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                    ------------------------------------------------
                    Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                    martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                    name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                    which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                    subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                    that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                    In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                    branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                    heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                    seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                    prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                    away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                    Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                    (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                    Neeson).


                    St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                    ------------------------------------------------
                    Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                    Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                    In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                    abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                    where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                    venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                    St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                    ------------------------------------------------
                    Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                    monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                    which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                    (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                    virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                    gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                    example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                    to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                    They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                    disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                    death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                    community perished in the flames.

                    Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                    been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                    dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                    refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                    on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                    (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                    P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                    Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                    (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                    Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                    Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                    D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                    Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                    Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                    Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                    Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                    Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                    Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                    London: Virtue & Co.

                    Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                    Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                    Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                    London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                    Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                    Message 9 of 14 , Apr 1, 2008
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                      * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                      * St. Ebba the Younger
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                      ------------------------------------------------
                      Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                      martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                      name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                      which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                      subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                      that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                      In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                      branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                      heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                      seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                      prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                      away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                      Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                      (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                      Neeson).


                      St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                      ------------------------------------------------
                      Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                      Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                      In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                      abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                      where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                      venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                      St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                      ------------------------------------------------
                      Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                      monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                      which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                      (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                      virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                      gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                      example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                      to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                      They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                      disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                      death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                      community perished in the flames.

                      Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                      been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                      dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                      refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                      on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                      Sources:
                      ========

                      Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                      P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                      (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                      Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                      Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                      Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                      London: Virtue & Co.

                      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                      Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                      London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                      Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • emrys@globe.net.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                      Message 10 of 14 , Apr 2, 2009
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                        * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                        * St. Ebba the Younger
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                        ------------------------------------------------
                        Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                        martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                        name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                        which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                        subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                        that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                        In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                        branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                        heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                        seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                        prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                        away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                        Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                        (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                        Neeson).


                        St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                        ------------------------------------------------
                        Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                        Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                        In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                        abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                        where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                        venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                        St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                        ------------------------------------------------
                        Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                        monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                        which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                        (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                        virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                        gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                        example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                        to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                        They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                        disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                        death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                        community perished in the flames.

                        Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                        been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                        dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                        refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                        on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                        Sources:
                        ========

                        Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                        P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                        (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                        Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                        Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                        Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                        London: Virtue & Co.

                        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                        Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                        London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                        Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • emrys@globe.net.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                        Message 11 of 14 , Apr 1, 2010
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                          * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                          * St. Ebba the Younger
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                          ------------------------------------------------
                          Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                          martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                          name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                          which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                          subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                          that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                          In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                          branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                          heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                          seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                          prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                          away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                          Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                          (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                          Neeson).


                          St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                          ------------------------------------------------
                          Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                          Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                          In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                          abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                          where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                          venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                          St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                          ------------------------------------------------
                          Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                          monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                          which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                          (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                          virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                          gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                          example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                          to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                          They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                          disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                          death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                          community perished in the flames.

                          Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                          been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                          dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                          refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                          on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                          Sources:
                          ========

                          Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                          P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                          (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                          Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                          Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                          D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                          Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                          Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                          London: Virtue & Co.

                          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                          Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                          London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                          Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                          Message 12 of 14 , Apr 1, 2011
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                            * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                            * St. Ebba the Younger
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                            ------------------------------------------------
                            Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                            martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                            name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                            which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                            subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                            that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                            In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                            branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                            heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                            seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                            prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                            away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                            Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                            (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                            Neeson).


                            St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                            ------------------------------------------------
                            Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                            Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                            In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                            abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                            where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                            venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                            St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                            ------------------------------------------------
                            Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                            monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                            which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                            (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                            virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                            gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                            example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                            to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                            They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                            disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                            death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                            community perished in the flames.

                            Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                            been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                            dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                            refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                            on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                            (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                            Sources:
                            ========

                            Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                            P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                            Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                            (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                            Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                            Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                            D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                            Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                            Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                            Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                            Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                            Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                            London: Virtue & Co.

                            Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                            Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                            Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                            London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                            Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                            For All the Saints:
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                            Message 13 of 14 , Apr 2, 2012
                            • 0 Attachment
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                              * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                              * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                              * St. Ebba the Younger
                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                              St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                              ------------------------------------------------
                              Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                              martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                              name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                              which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                              subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                              that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                              In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                              branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                              heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                              seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                              prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                              away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                              Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                              (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                              Neeson).


                              St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                              ------------------------------------------------
                              Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                              Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                              In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                              abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                              where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                              venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                              St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                              ------------------------------------------------
                              Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                              monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                              which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                              (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                              virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                              gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                              example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                              to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                              They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                              disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                              death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                              community perished in the flames.

                              Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                              been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                              dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                              refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                              on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                              (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                              Sources:
                              ========

                              Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                              P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                              Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                              (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                              Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                              Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                              D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                              Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                              Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                              Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                              Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                              Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                              London: Virtue & Co.

                              Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                              Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                              Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                              London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                              Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                              For All the Saints:
                              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                              These Lives are archived at:
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis * St. Constantine II of Scotland * St.
                              Message 14 of 14 , Apr 1, 2013
                              • 0 Attachment
                                Celtic and Old English Saints 2 April

                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                                * St. Bronach of Glen-Seichis
                                * St. Constantine II of Scotland
                                * St. Ebba the Younger
                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                                St. Bronach (Bromana, Bronacha, Bronanna) of Glen-Seichis, Virgin
                                ------------------------------------------------
                                Date unknown. The name of this virgin is registered in the
                                martyrologies of Tallaght and Donegal. Glen-Seichis is the old
                                name of Kilbroney or Kilbronach in County Down near Rostrevor, Ireland,
                                which takes its present name from her. Saint Bronach's Bell is the
                                subject of a well-known Irish legend of a mysterious, invisible bell
                                that rang in Kilbroney churchyard.

                                In 1885, a storm ripped down an old oak tree near Kilbroney, and in its
                                branches was found a 6th-century bell. For many years the denizens
                                heard a bell ringing and attributed it to a supernatural origin. It
                                seems, however, that the bell was hidden during the Reformation to
                                prevent its removal or destruction. Over the years the tongue had worn
                                away, so the bell stopped ringing, yet talk of it did not. The bell and
                                Bronach's cross can now be found at the parish church of Rostrevor
                                (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Husenbeth, Montague, Muirhead,
                                Neeson).


                                St. Constantine II of Scotland, King & Martyr
                                ------------------------------------------------
                                Died 874; feast day at Saint Andrews, Scotland, is March 11. King
                                Constantine was killed in a battle against heathen invaders of Scotland.
                                In his last moments he repeated words echoing Psalm 27: "Lord Jesus,
                                abandon not to beasts the souls that serve You." He was buried on Iona,
                                where miracles took place at his tomb. Thereafter he was locally
                                venerated as a martyr (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                                St. Ebba (Ebbe) the Younger, Virgin & Martyr
                                ------------------------------------------------
                                Died 879; feast day formerly August 23. Ebba was abbess of the great
                                monastic foundation of Coldingham in the Marshes on the Scottish border,
                                which had been founded two centuries earlier by Saint Ebba the Elder
                                (f.d. August 25). During a Danish invasion Saint Ebba feared for her
                                virginity because of the Viking reputation for rape and massacre. She
                                gathered her nuns in the chapter house and encouraged them to follow her
                                example: with a razor she cut off (or cut open) her nose and upper lip
                                to discourage rape by the invaders. The entire community did likewise.
                                They must have made a frightful spectacle. Their appearance so
                                disgusted the raiders that the women were saved from rape but not from
                                death: The Danes soon returned and set fire to the convent. The entire
                                community perished in the flames.

                                Although there is no surviving ancient record of Saint Ebba, it may have
                                been among the lost manuscripts at Tynemouth, there was a shrine
                                dedicated to her in the 13th century. In Coldingham, another manuscript
                                refers to a curious feast of the edication of the altar of Saint Ebba
                                on June 22, which may refer to either the Younger or the Elder
                                (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                                Sources:
                                ========

                                Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
                                P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

                                Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                                (1947). The Book of saints. NY: Macmillan.

                                Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                                Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                                D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
                                Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

                                Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                                Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                                Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                                Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                                London: Virtue & Co.

                                Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                                Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                                Muirhead, L. R. (ed.). (1962). Benn Blue Guide to Ireland.
                                London: Ernest Benn Limited.

                                Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                                For All the Saints: - new active link
                                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                                http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                                These Lives are archived at:
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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