Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

1 March

Expand Messages
  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
    Message 1 of 13 , Feb 28, 2007
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. David of Wales
      * St. Marnock of Annandale
      * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
      * St. Aubin of Angers
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
      --------------------------------------------------
      5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
      that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
      Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
      based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
      Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
      the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
      little reliance can be placed on the document.

      David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
      golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
      them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
      monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

      Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
      turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
      the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
      Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
      Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
      founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

      According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
      Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
      island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
      founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
      which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
      extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
      monks.

      Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
      Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
      unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
      plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
      said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
      discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
      the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
      retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

      We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
      attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
      saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
      he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
      therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
      archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

      At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
      attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
      concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
      insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
      excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
      Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
      David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
      his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
      moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
      settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
      blessing.

      It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
      Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
      Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
      for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
      own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
      this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

      Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
      the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
      ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
      Church.

      Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
      all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
      eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

      "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
      centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
      "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
      things."

      On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
      Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
      to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
      on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
      hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

      St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
      a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
      and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
      Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
      were translated to their present position to the north side of the
      presbytery in 1275.

      His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
      the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
      Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

      In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
      dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
      holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
      venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
      explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
      in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

      But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
      because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
      corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
      dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
      distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
      and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
      the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

      St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
      called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
      western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
      of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
      oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
      and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
      walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
      chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
      is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


      Troparion (Tone 1)
      Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
      the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
      God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
      Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
      souls may be saved.

      Kontakion (Tone 6)

      The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
      waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
      David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
      all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
      eternal memory.

      Icons of Saint David of Wales:

      http://www.odox.net/Icons-David.htm##1
      http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


      St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
      http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


      The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
      http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

      The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
      pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
      http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



      St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
      (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
      afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
      venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
      name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


      St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
      Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
      a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


      St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
      whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
      English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
      enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
      his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
      silence and solitude.

      At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
      stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
      who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
      Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
      might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

      In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
      bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
      but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
      against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
      pick someone to protect their interests.

      Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
      certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
      into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
      Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
      hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
      Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
      of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

      If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
      it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
      spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
      cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
      bishop.

      Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
      jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
      criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
      prison system, at least the one in his see.

      He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
      convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
      prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
      of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
      led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
      promises of amendment through the night.

      No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
      converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
      was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

      Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
      civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
      took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
      popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
      named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
      baptized together as a result of his preaching.

      Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
      abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
      de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
      (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

      In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
      Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
      death (Roeder).


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
      Message 2 of 13 , Feb 28, 2008
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. David of Wales
        * St. Marnock of Annandale
        * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
        * St. Aubin of Angers
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
        --------------------------------------------------
        5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
        that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
        Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
        based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
        Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
        the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
        little reliance can be placed on the document.

        David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
        golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
        them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
        monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

        Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
        turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
        the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
        Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
        Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
        founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

        According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
        Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
        island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
        founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
        which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
        extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
        monks.

        Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
        Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
        unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
        plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
        said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
        discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
        the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
        retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

        We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
        attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
        saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
        he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
        therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
        archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

        At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
        attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
        concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
        insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
        excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
        Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
        David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
        his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
        moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
        settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
        blessing.

        It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
        Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
        Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
        for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
        own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
        this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

        Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
        the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
        ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
        Church.

        Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
        all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
        eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

        "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
        centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
        "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
        things."

        On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
        Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
        to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
        on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
        hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

        St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
        a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
        and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
        Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
        were translated to their present position to the north side of the
        presbytery in 1275.

        His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
        the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
        Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

        In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
        dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
        holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
        venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
        explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
        in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

        But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
        because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
        corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
        dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
        distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
        and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
        the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

        St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
        called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
        western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
        of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
        oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
        and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
        walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
        chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
        is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


        Troparion (Tone 1)
        Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
        the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
        God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
        Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
        souls may be saved.

        Kontakion (Tone 6)

        The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
        waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
        David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
        all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
        eternal memory.

        Icons of Saint David of Wales:

        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
        http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


        St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
        http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


        The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
        http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

        The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
        pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
        http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



        St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
        (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
        afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
        venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
        name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


        St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
        Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
        a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


        St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
        whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
        English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
        enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
        his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
        silence and solitude.

        At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
        stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
        who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
        Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
        might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

        In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
        bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
        but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
        against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
        pick someone to protect their interests.

        Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
        certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
        into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
        Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
        hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
        Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
        of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

        If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
        it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
        spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
        cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
        bishop.

        Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
        jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
        criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
        prison system, at least the one in his see.

        He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
        convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
        prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
        of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
        led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
        promises of amendment through the night.

        No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
        converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
        was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

        Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
        civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
        took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
        popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
        named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
        baptized together as a result of his preaching.

        Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
        abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
        de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
        (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

        In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
        Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
        death (Roeder).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
        Message 3 of 13 , Feb 28, 2009
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. David of Wales
          * St. Marnock of Annandale
          * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
          * St. Aubin of Angers
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
          --------------------------------------------------
          5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
          that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
          Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
          based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
          Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
          the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
          little reliance can be placed on the document.

          David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
          golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
          them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
          monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

          Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
          turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
          the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
          Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
          Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
          founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

          According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
          Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
          island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
          founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
          which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
          extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
          monks.

          Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
          Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
          unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
          plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
          said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
          discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
          the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
          retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

          We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
          attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
          saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
          he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
          therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
          archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

          At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
          attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
          concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
          insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
          excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
          Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
          David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
          his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
          moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
          settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
          blessing.

          It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
          Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
          Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
          for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
          own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
          this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

          Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
          the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
          ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
          Church.

          Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
          all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
          eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

          "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
          centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
          "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
          things."

          On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
          Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
          to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
          on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
          hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

          St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
          a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
          and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
          Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
          were translated to their present position to the north side of the
          presbytery in 1275.

          His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
          the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
          Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

          In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
          dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
          holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
          venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
          explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
          in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

          But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
          because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
          corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
          dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
          distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
          and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
          the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

          St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
          called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
          western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
          of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
          oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
          and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
          walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
          chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
          is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


          Troparion (Tone 1)
          Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
          the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
          God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
          Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
          souls may be saved.

          Kontakion (Tone 6)

          The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
          waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
          David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
          all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
          eternal memory.

          Icons of Saint David of Wales:

          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
          http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


          St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
          http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


          The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
          http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

          The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
          pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
          http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



          St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
          (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
          afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
          venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
          name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


          St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
          Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
          a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


          St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
          whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
          English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
          enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
          his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
          silence and solitude.

          At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
          stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
          who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
          Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
          might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

          In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
          bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
          but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
          against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
          pick someone to protect their interests.

          Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
          certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
          into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
          Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
          hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
          Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
          of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

          If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
          it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
          spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
          cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
          bishop.

          Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
          jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
          criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
          prison system, at least the one in his see.

          He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
          convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
          prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
          of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
          led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
          promises of amendment through the night.

          No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
          converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
          was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

          Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
          civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
          took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
          popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
          named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
          baptized together as a result of his preaching.

          Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
          abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
          de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
          (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

          In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
          Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
          death (Roeder).


          Sources:
          ========

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Doubleday Image.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
          Message 4 of 13 , Feb 28, 2010
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. David of Wales
            * St. Marnock of Annandale
            * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
            * St. Aubin of Angers
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
            --------------------------------------------------
            5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
            that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
            Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
            based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
            Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
            the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
            little reliance can be placed on the document.

            David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
            golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
            them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
            monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

            Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
            turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
            the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
            Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
            Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
            founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

            According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
            Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
            island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
            founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
            which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
            extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
            monks.

            Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
            Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
            unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
            plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
            said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
            discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
            the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
            retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

            We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
            attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
            saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
            he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
            therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
            archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

            At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
            attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
            concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
            insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
            excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
            Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
            David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
            his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
            moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
            settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
            blessing.

            It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
            Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
            Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
            for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
            own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
            this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

            Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
            the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
            ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
            Church.

            Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
            all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
            eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

            "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
            centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
            "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
            things."

            On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
            Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
            to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
            on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
            hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

            St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
            a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
            and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
            Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
            were translated to their present position to the north side of the
            presbytery in 1275.

            His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
            the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
            Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

            In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
            dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
            holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
            venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
            explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
            in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

            But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
            because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
            corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
            dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
            distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
            and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
            the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

            St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
            called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
            western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
            of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
            oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
            and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
            walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
            chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
            is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


            Troparion (Tone 1)
            Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
            the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
            God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
            Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
            souls may be saved.

            Kontakion (Tone 6)

            The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
            waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
            David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
            all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
            eternal memory.

            Icons of Saint David of Wales:

            http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
            http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


            St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
            http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


            The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
            http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

            The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
            pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
            http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



            St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
            (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
            ---------------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
            afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
            venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
            name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
            (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


            St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
            ---------------------------------------------------------
            Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
            Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
            a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
            (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


            St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
            ---------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
            whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
            English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
            enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
            his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
            silence and solitude.

            At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
            stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
            who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
            Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
            might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

            In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
            bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
            but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
            against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
            pick someone to protect their interests.

            Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
            certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
            into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
            Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
            hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
            Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
            of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

            If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
            it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
            spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
            cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
            bishop.

            Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
            jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
            criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
            prison system, at least the one in his see.

            He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
            convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
            prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
            of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
            led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
            promises of amendment through the night.

            No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
            converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
            was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

            Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
            civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
            took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
            popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
            named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
            baptized together as a result of his preaching.

            Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
            abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
            de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
            (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

            In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
            Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
            death (Roeder).


            Sources:
            ========

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Doubleday Image.

            Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
            Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
            Regnery.

            Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
            Message 5 of 13 , Feb 28, 2011
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. David of Wales
              * St. Marnock of Annandale
              * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
              * St. Aubin of Angers
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
              --------------------------------------------------
              5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
              that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
              Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
              based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
              Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
              the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
              little reliance can be placed on the document.

              David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
              golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
              them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
              monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

              Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
              turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
              the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
              Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
              Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
              founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

              According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
              Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
              island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
              founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
              which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
              extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
              monks.

              Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
              Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
              unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
              plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
              said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
              discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
              the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
              retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

              We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
              attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
              saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
              he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
              therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
              archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

              At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
              attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
              concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
              insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
              excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
              Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
              David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
              his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
              moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
              settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
              blessing.

              It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
              Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
              Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
              for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
              own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
              this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

              Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
              the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
              ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
              Church.

              Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
              all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
              eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

              "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
              centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
              "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
              things."

              On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
              Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
              to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
              on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
              hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

              St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
              a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
              and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
              Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
              were translated to their present position to the north side of the
              presbytery in 1275.

              His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
              the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
              Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

              In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
              dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
              holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
              venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
              explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
              in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

              But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
              because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
              corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
              dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
              distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
              and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
              the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

              St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
              called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
              western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
              of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
              oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
              and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
              walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
              chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
              is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


              Troparion (Tone 1)
              Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
              the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
              God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
              Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
              souls may be saved.

              Kontakion (Tone 6)

              The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
              waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
              David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
              all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
              eternal memory.

              Icons of Saint David of Wales:

              http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
              http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


              St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
              http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


              The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
              http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

              The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
              pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
              http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



              St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
              (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
              ---------------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
              afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
              venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
              name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
              (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


              St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
              ---------------------------------------------------------
              Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
              Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
              a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
              (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


              St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
              ---------------------------------------------------------
              Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
              whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
              English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
              enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
              his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
              silence and solitude.

              At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
              stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
              who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
              Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
              might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

              In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
              bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
              but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
              against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
              pick someone to protect their interests.

              Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
              certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
              into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
              Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
              hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
              Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
              of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

              If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
              it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
              spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
              cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
              bishop.

              Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
              jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
              criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
              prison system, at least the one in his see.

              He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
              convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
              prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
              of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
              led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
              promises of amendment through the night.

              No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
              converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
              was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

              Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
              civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
              took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
              popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
              named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
              baptized together as a result of his preaching.

              Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
              abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
              de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
              (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

              In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
              Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
              death (Roeder).


              Sources:
              ========

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Doubleday Image.

              Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
              Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

              Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
              Regnery.

              Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. David of Wales * St. Marnock of Annandale * St. Monan of
              Message 6 of 13 , Mar 1 8:44 PM
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. David of Wales
                * St. Marnock of Annandale
                * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
                * St. Aubin of Angers
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
                --------------------------------------------------
                5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
                that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
                Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
                based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
                Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
                the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
                little reliance can be placed on the document.

                David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
                golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
                them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
                monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

                Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
                turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
                the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
                Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
                Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
                founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

                According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
                Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
                island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
                founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
                which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
                extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
                monks.

                Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
                Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
                unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
                plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
                said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
                discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
                the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
                retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

                We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
                attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
                saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
                he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
                therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
                archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

                At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
                attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
                concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
                insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
                excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
                Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
                David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
                his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
                moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
                settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
                blessing.

                It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
                Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
                Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
                for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
                own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
                this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

                Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
                the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
                ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
                Church.

                Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
                all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
                eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

                "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
                centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
                "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
                things."

                On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
                Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
                to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
                on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
                hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

                St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
                a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
                and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
                Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
                were translated to their present position to the north side of the
                presbytery in 1275.

                His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
                the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
                Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

                In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
                dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
                holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
                venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
                explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
                in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

                But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
                because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
                corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
                dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
                distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
                and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
                the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

                St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
                called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
                western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
                of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
                oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
                and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
                walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
                chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
                is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


                Troparion (Tone 1)
                Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
                the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
                God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
                Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
                souls may be saved.

                Kontakion (Tone 6)

                The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
                waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
                David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
                all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
                eternal memory.

                Icons of Saint David of Wales:

                http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
                http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


                St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
                http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


                The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
                http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

                The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
                pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
                http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



                St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
                (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
                ---------------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
                afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
                venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
                name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
                (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
                ---------------------------------------------------------
                Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
                Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
                a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
                (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
                ---------------------------------------------------------
                Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
                whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
                English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
                enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
                his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
                silence and solitude.

                At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
                stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
                who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
                Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
                might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

                In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
                bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
                but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
                against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
                pick someone to protect their interests.

                Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
                certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
                into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
                Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
                hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
                Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
                of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

                If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
                it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
                spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
                cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
                bishop.

                Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
                jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
                criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
                prison system, at least the one in his see.

                He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
                convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
                prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
                of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
                led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
                promises of amendment through the night.

                No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
                converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
                was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

                Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
                civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
                took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
                popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
                named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
                baptized together as a result of his preaching.

                Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
                abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
                de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
                (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

                In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
                Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
                death (Roeder).


                Sources:
                ========

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Doubleday Image.

                Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                Regnery.

                Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                Apologies that no Lives have gone out since 17th February. The first interruption in 12 years. Have had software problems. Celtic and Old English Saints
                Message 7 of 13 , Feb 28, 2013
                • 0 Attachment
                  Apologies that no Lives have gone out since 17th February.
                  The first interruption in 12 years.
                  Have had software problems.

                  Celtic and Old English Saints 1 March

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. David of Wales
                  * St. Marnock of Annandale
                  * St. Monan of St. Andrew's
                  * St. Aubin of Angers
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. David (Dewi Sant) of Wales, Bishop
                  --------------------------------------------------
                  5th or 6th century. There is no certainty about the date though we know
                  that St. David was a real personage, son of King Sant, a prince of
                  Cardigan in far western Wales. All the information we have about him is
                  based on the 11th century biography written by Rhygyfarch, the son of
                  Bishop Sulien of St. David's. Rhygyfarch's main purpose was to uphold
                  the claim of the Welsh bishopric to be independent of Canterbury, so
                  little reliance can be placed on the document.

                  David, who may have been born at Henfynw in Cardigan, lived during the
                  golden age of Celtic Christianity when saints were plentiful, many of
                  them of noble rank--kings, princes, and chieftain--who lived the
                  monastic life, built oratories and churches, and preached the Gospel.

                  Saint Cadoc founded the great monastery of Llancarfan. Saint Illtyd
                  turned from the life of a soldier to that of a mystic and established
                  the abbey of Llantwit, where tradition links his name to that of Sir
                  Galahad. But greatest among them was David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of
                  Illtyd, who was educated in the White House of Carmarathen and who
                  founded the monastery of Menevia in the place that now bears his name.

                  According to his biography, David became a priest, studied under Saint
                  Paulinus, the disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre, on an unidentified
                  island for several years. He then engaged in missionary activities,
                  founded 12 monasteries from Croyland to Pembrokeshire, the last of
                  which, at Mynyw (Menevia) in southwestern Wales, was known for the
                  extreme asceticism of its rule, which was based on that of the Egyptian
                  monks.

                  Here in this lovely and lonely outpost he gathered his followers. The
                  Rule was strict, with but one daily meal, frequent fasts, and hours of
                  unbroken silence. Their days were filled with hard manual labour and no
                  plough was permitted in the work of the fields. "Every man his own ox,"
                  said St. David. Nor did David exempt himself from the same rigorous
                  discipline: he drank nothing but water and so came to be known as David
                  the Waterman; and long after vespers, when the last of his monks had
                  retired to bed, he prayed on alone through the night.

                  We are told that he was of a loveable and happy disposition, and an
                  attractive and persuasive preacher. It was perhaps his mother, the
                  saintly Non, who had nurtured him carefully in the Christian faith, that
                  he owed so many of his own fine qualities. It was not surprising,
                  therefore, that when the time came for the appointment of a new
                  archbishop of Wales the choice fell upon him.

                  At Brevi, in Cardiganshire, a great synod had been convened about 550,
                  attended by a thousand members, but David, who kept aloof from temporal
                  concerns, remained in his retreat at Menevia. The synod, however,
                  insisted on sending for him. So great was the crowd and so intense the
                  excitement that the voice of the aged and retiring archbishop Saint
                  Dubricius could hardly be heard when he named David as his successor.
                  David, who at first refused, came forward reluctantly, but when he spoke
                  his voice was like a silver trumpet, and all could hear and were deeply
                  moved; and in that hour of his succession a white dove was seen to
                  settle upon his shoulders as if it were a sign of God's grace and
                  blessing.

                  It is said that David was consecrated archbishop by the patriarch of
                  Jerusalem and given an altar stone by him while on pilgrimage to the
                  Holy Land. But he loved Menevia and could not bring himself to leave it
                  for Caerleon, the seat of the archbishopric, which he transferred to his
                  own monastery by the wild headlands of the western sea, and which to
                  this day is known by his name and remains a place of pilgrimage.

                  Again, although evidence is unreliable, David convened a council, called
                  the Synod of Victory, because it marked the final demise of Pelagianism,
                  ratified the edicts of Brevi, and drew up regulations for the British
                  Church.

                  Giraldus tells us that in his time congregations and monasteries grew
                  all over Wales and "to these Father David, as if placed upon a lofty
                  eminence was a mirror and pattern of life".

                  "He opened," we are told, "many fountains in dry places, and across the
                  centuries his words spoken in the hour of death still reach us:
                  "Brothers and sisters, be joyful and keep your faith and do ther little
                  things."

                  On the last Sunday before his death after he had received the Holy
                  Sacrament he gave the people his blessing bidding them to be joyful and
                  to keep the Faith for they would see him no more in this world. He died
                  on the Tuesday 1st March and the monks cried out with anguish "Who will
                  hlep us? Who will pray for us? Who will be a father to us as David was?"

                  St.David was buried in his cathedral and his tomb became, and still is,
                  a great place of pilgrimage. even the Norman Kings William the Conqueror
                  and Henry II visiting it to pay homage. Bishop Richard Carew rebuilt the
                  Cathedral Church largely from offerings at the Shrine and the relics
                  were translated to their present position to the north side of the
                  presbytery in 1275.

                  His birth and death dates are uncertain, ranging from c. 454 to 520 for
                  the former and from 560 to 601 for the latter (Attwater, Benedictines,
                  Delaney, Gill, Wade- Evans).

                  In art, St. David is a Celtic bishop with long hair and a beard, and a
                  dove perched on his shoulder. He may be shown preaching on a hill, or
                  holding his cathedral. He is the patron saint of Wales and especially
                  venerated in Pembrokeshire (Roeder). No one seems to have a satisfactory
                  explanation regarding the association of leeks with St. David's Day as
                  in Shakespeare's Henry V, IV, 1 (Attwater).

                  But..... The leek, and later the daffodil was chosen as the Welsh emblem
                  because of the colour of the leaves, green above ground and white below,
                  corresponding to the colours of the national standard with its red
                  dragon. It is believed that St. David advised King Cadwallader to
                  distinguish his warriors from the heathen Saxon in battle with the leek
                  and it would have had the added advantage of making them recognisable in
                  the dark by the aroma of their insignia!

                  St. David's Cathedral lies in a hollow in the rugged Goewer peninsular
                  called in Welsh Mynyw, transliterated into Latin as Menevia, the most
                  western tip of Britain. The place is pure enchantment, the uneven floor
                  of the great church seems to move with spiritual power and the little
                  oaken casket containing the relics of David and Justinian, his confessor
                  and "soul friend", would move the most sceptical. Every pilgrim should
                  walk the mile or so up the narrow country lane to St. Non's Well and
                  chapel, overlooking the rocky coastline with its small islands, for this
                  is reputed to be the birthplace of Dewi Sant or St. David.


                  Troparion (Tone 1)
                  Having worked miracles in thy youth, founded monasteries and converted
                  the pagans who had sought to destroy thee, O Father David, Christ our
                  God blessed thee to receive the episcopate at the place of His
                  Resurrection. Intercede for us, that our lives may be blessed and our
                  souls may be saved.

                  Kontakion (Tone 6)

                  The living waters of godly discipline encompassed thee and the saving
                  waters of faith flowed through thy teaching, O Hierarch and Waterman
                  David. Symbolising the baptism of Wales in thy life, thou art worthy of
                  all praise, wherefore we keep festival in thy honour, glorifying thine
                  eternal memory.

                  Icons of Saint David of Wales:

                  http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-David.htm##1
                  http://www.saintdavid.org.uk/gifs/icon.gif


                  St. David's Cathedral and Shrine:
                  http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/plan.htm


                  The Shrine of Saint David and Saint Justinian
                  http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/shrine.htm

                  The modern reliquary is behind the seats of those attending services in a
                  pretty chapel dedicated to The Trinity.
                  http://www.stdavidscathedral.org.uk/trinity.htm



                  St. Marnock of Annandale, Bishop
                  (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc)
                  ---------------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 625. An Irish monk under St. Columba (f.d. June 9) at Iona, and
                  afterwards a missionary bishop, who died at Annandale, and was much
                  venerated in the neighbourhood of the Scottish border. He has given his
                  name to Kilmarnock in Scotland. He has a second feast day on October 25
                  (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                  St. Monan of St. Andrew's, Martyr
                  ---------------------------------------------------------
                  Died 874. Scottish monk trained under St. Adrian of St. Andrew's, St.
                  Monan was a missionary in the country around the Firth of Forth. He and
                  a large number of other Christians were killed together by the Danes
                  (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                  St. Albinus (Aubin) of Angers, Bishop
                  ---------------------------------------------------------
                  Born in Vannes, Brittany, France; died c. 554. Here is another saint of
                  whose childhood we know next to nothing, except that he was of Irish and
                  English descent and lived in Brittany. He comes out of the unknown and
                  enters, as it were, another unknown--for after renouncing the fortune of
                  his father, he enters the cloistered life, giving himself to prayer and
                  silence and solitude.

                  At the age of 35, he was abbot of Tincillac Monastery near Angers. The
                  stories that come down to us show one thing quite clearly: He is a man
                  who detests anything that is adulterated, whether it be the Rule of St.
                  Benedict, the sacraments of the Christian faith, or the human body. We
                  might say of him that his mouth never lost its taste for spring water.

                  In 529 the people of Angers succeeded in having Albinus chosen as their
                  bishop, not so much because they respected his concern for their faith
                  but because they knew his upright character would protect them well
                  against the civil and military authorities. These people knew how to
                  pick someone to protect their interests.

                  Albinus soon came into conflict with Childebert, the son of Clovis. A
                  certain noble lady named Etheria, unable to pay her debts, was thrown
                  into prison, and called for her bishop to visit her. Bishops like
                  Albinus have the sacraments in their blood, in their muscles, in their
                  hands, in their mouths, in their very gestures; so that when Etheria and
                  Albinus were attacked by one of the guards, Albinus simply blew a puff
                  of breath upon the guard who (tradition says) died upon the spot.

                  If the story is true, or even if it were untrue but believed in locally,
                  it is not hard to understand how the authority and fear of Albinus
                  spread rapidly throughout the territory, or to explain why the creditors
                  cancelled the debts of all prisoners at the simple suggestion of the new
                  bishop.

                  Albinus's next project was to release all the prisoners from another
                  jail at Angers, not that he failed to recognise the inmates were
                  criminals rather than gentle lambs, but because he lost faith in the
                  prison system, at least the one in his see.

                  He went to the judge and requested amnesty; but when he was refused, he
                  convoked a huge gathering of his flock about the prison, led everyone in
                  prayer until a huge stone was released, which plunged through the walls
                  of the jail. Out came the prisoners, like water through a spout, to be
                  led to the bishop's church where they were busy with prayers and
                  promises of amendment through the night.

                  No biographer has ever suggested that these prisoners to a man were
                  converted into saints, but the bishop no doubt believed their release
                  was considerably better than the brutality of prison life in those days.

                  Albinus convoked local councils, reformed his church, fought abuses in
                  civil and ecclesiastical marriage laws, and opposed errors of faith. He
                  took a prominent role in the third council of Orleans in 538. His
                  popularity is beyond dispute as is shown by the very number of towns
                  named for him. Legend reports that whole villages were converted and
                  baptized together as a result of his preaching.

                  Albinus did not die a martyr, rather his body simply wore out. The
                  abbey of Saint-Aubin in Angers was erected in his memory. Saint-Aubin
                  de Moeslain (Haute Marne) is even today a popular place of pilgrimage
                  (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).

                  In art, St. Albinus is portrayed as a blind bishop. He is venerated at
                  Angers, Brittany, Haute Marne, and is invoked for children in danger of
                  death (Roeder).


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                  Doubleday Image.

                  Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                  Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                  Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                  Regnery.

                  Wade-Evans, A. W. (1923). Life of St. David.

                  For All the Saints: - new active link
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                  http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.