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31 October

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
    Message 1 of 14 , Oct 31, 2006
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Erth of Cornwall
      * St. Foillan of Fosses
      * St. Bega
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
      (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
      -----------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
      Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
      give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
      druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
      bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

      "Bishop Erc,
      Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
      Whosoever gives a just judgement
      Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

      Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
      May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
      responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
      Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
      12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
      Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
      apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
      village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
      Farmer, Montague).

      Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
      For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
      godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
      may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
      may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


      St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
      -----------------------------------------------------
      Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
      Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
      went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
      Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
      him among the East Angles.

      When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
      destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
      under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
      sea.

      They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
      Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
      up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
      surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

      He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
      Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
      returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
      in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
      bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

      Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
      saint.

      In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
      procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
      relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
      seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
      Encyclopaedia, Montague).

      Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
      Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
      carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
      church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
      beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

      Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
      truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
      northern France (Montague).

      Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
      Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
      Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
      Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
      Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
      thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
      that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



      St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
      Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
      (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
      -----------------------------------------------------
      Main day of commemoration is 6th September
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

      Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
      mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
      person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
      always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
      impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
      relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

      The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
      her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
      presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
      Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
      Cumberland, England.

      She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
      (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
      (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
      Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
      years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
      and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
      the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
      name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

      Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
      Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
      Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
      May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
      royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
      Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
      beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
      bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
      immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
      soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
      death of the abbess of Whitby.

      About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
      who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
      Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
      revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
      "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
      miracles were reported.

      The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
      coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
      that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
      7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
      is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
      without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
      Farmer, Montague, Moran).

      ********************************************************
      Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
      Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
      ********************************************************

      The village of Saint Bees
      http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


      A book to read about Saint Bee:--
      "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

      Two reviews:
      alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
      Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

      This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
      England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
      prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
      other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
      time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
      with plenty of action,
      believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
      however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

      simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
      7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

      Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
      well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
      closed the pages for the last time.

      It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
      between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
      violent and turbulent period of history.

      This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
      available as "Credo."


      ********************************
      Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
      or the prayer corner at home.
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1168
      *********************************


      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
      Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
      Message 2 of 14 , Oct 29, 2007
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Erth of Cornwall
        * St. Foillan of Fosses
        * St. Bega
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
        (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
        -----------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
        Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
        give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
        druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
        bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

        "Bishop Erc,
        Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
        Whosoever gives a just judgement
        Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

        Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
        May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
        responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
        Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
        12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
        Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
        apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
        village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
        Farmer, Montague).

        Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
        For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
        godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
        may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
        may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


        St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
        -----------------------------------------------------
        Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
        Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
        went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
        Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
        him among the East Angles.

        When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
        destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
        under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
        sea.

        They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
        Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
        up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
        surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

        He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
        Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
        returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
        in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
        bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

        Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
        saint.

        In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
        procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
        relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
        seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
        Encyclopaedia, Montague).

        Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
        Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
        carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
        church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
        beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

        Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
        truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
        northern France (Montague).

        Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
        Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
        Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
        Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
        Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
        thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
        that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



        St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
        Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
        (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
        -----------------------------------------------------
        Main day of commemoration is 6th September
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

        Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
        mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
        person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
        always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
        impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
        relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

        The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
        her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
        presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
        Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
        Cumberland, England.

        She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
        (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
        (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
        Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
        years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
        and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
        the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
        name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

        Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
        Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
        Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
        May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
        royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
        Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
        beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
        bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
        immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
        soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
        death of the abbess of Whitby.

        About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
        who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
        Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
        revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
        "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
        miracles were reported.

        The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
        coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
        that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
        7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
        is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
        without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
        Farmer, Montague, Moran).

        ********************************************************
        Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
        Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
        ********************************************************

        The village of Saint Bees
        http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


        A book to read about Saint Bee:--
        "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

        Two reviews:
        alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
        Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

        This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
        England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
        prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
        other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
        time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
        with plenty of action,
        believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
        however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

        simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
        7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

        Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
        well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
        closed the pages for the last time.

        It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
        between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
        violent and turbulent period of history.

        This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
        available as "Credo."


        ********************************
        Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
        or the prayer corner at home.
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1168
        *********************************


        Sources:
        ========

        Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
        Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

        White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
        Message 3 of 14 , Oct 30, 2008
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Erth of Cornwall
          * St. Foillan of Fosses
          * St. Bega
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
          (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
          -----------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
          Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
          give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
          druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
          bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

          "Bishop Erc,
          Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
          Whosoever gives a just judgement
          Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

          Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
          May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
          responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
          Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
          12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
          Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
          apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
          village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
          Farmer, Montague).

          Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
          For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
          godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
          may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
          may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


          St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
          -----------------------------------------------------
          Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
          Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
          went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
          Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
          him among the East Angles.

          When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
          destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
          under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
          sea.

          They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
          Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
          up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
          surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

          He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
          Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
          returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
          in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
          bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

          Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
          saint.

          In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
          procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
          relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
          seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
          Encyclopaedia, Montague).

          Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
          Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
          carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
          church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
          beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

          Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
          truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
          northern France (Montague).

          Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
          Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
          Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
          Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
          Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
          thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
          that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



          St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
          Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
          (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
          -----------------------------------------------------
          Main day of commemoration is 6th September
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

          Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
          mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
          person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
          always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
          impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
          relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

          The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
          her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
          presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
          Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
          Cumberland, England.

          She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
          (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
          (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
          Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
          years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
          and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
          the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
          name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

          Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
          Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
          Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
          May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
          royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
          Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
          beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
          bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
          immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
          soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
          death of the abbess of Whitby.

          About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
          who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
          Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
          revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
          "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
          miracles were reported.

          The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
          coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
          that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
          7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
          is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
          without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
          Farmer, Montague, Moran).

          ********************************************************
          Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
          Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
          ********************************************************

          The village of Saint Bees
          http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


          A book to read about Saint Bee:--
          "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

          Two reviews:
          alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
          Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

          This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
          England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
          prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
          other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
          time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
          with plenty of action,
          believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
          however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

          simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
          7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

          Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
          well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
          closed the pages for the last time.

          It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
          between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
          violent and turbulent period of history.

          This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
          available as "Credo."


          ********************************
          Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
          or the prayer corner at home.
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
          *********************************


          Sources:
          ========

          Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Penguin Books.

          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
          Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

          Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Doubleday Image.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

          White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
          Message 4 of 14 , Oct 29, 2009
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Erth of Cornwall
            * St. Foillan of Fosses
            * St. Bega
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
            (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
            -----------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
            Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
            give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
            druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
            bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

            "Bishop Erc,
            Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
            Whosoever gives a just judgement
            Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

            Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
            May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
            responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
            Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
            12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
            Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
            apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
            village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
            Farmer, Montague).

            Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
            For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
            godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
            may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
            may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


            St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
            -----------------------------------------------------
            Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
            Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
            went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
            Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
            him among the East Angles.

            When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
            destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
            under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
            sea.

            They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
            Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
            up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
            surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

            He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
            Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
            returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
            in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
            bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

            Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
            saint.

            In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
            procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
            relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
            seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
            Encyclopaedia, Montague).

            Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
            Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
            carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
            church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
            beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

            Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
            truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
            northern France (Montague).

            Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
            Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
            Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
            Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
            Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
            thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
            that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



            St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
            Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
            (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
            -----------------------------------------------------
            Main day of commemoration is 6th September
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

            Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
            mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
            person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
            always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
            impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
            relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

            The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
            her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
            presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
            Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
            Cumberland, England.

            She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
            (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
            (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
            Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
            years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
            and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
            the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
            name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

            Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
            Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
            Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
            May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
            royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
            Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
            beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
            bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
            immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
            soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
            death of the abbess of Whitby.

            About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
            who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
            Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
            revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
            "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
            miracles were reported.

            The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
            coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
            that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
            7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
            is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
            without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
            Farmer, Montague, Moran).

            ********************************************************
            Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
            Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
            ********************************************************

            The village of Saint Bees
            http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


            A book to read about Saint Bee:--
            "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

            Two reviews:
            alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
            Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

            This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
            England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
            prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
            other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
            time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
            with plenty of action,
            believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
            however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

            simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
            7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

            Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
            well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
            closed the pages for the last time.

            It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
            between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
            violent and turbulent period of history.

            This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
            available as "Credo."


            ********************************
            Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
            or the prayer corner at home.
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
            *********************************


            Sources:
            ========

            Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Penguin Books.

            Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
            Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

            Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Doubleday Image.

            Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
            Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
            Regnery.

            Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
            Guildford: Billing & Sons.

            White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
            Message 5 of 14 , Oct 30, 2010
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Erth of Cornwall
              * St. Foillan of Fosses
              * St. Bega
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
              (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
              -----------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
              Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
              give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
              druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
              bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

              "Bishop Erc,
              Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
              Whosoever gives a just judgement
              Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

              Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
              May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
              responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
              Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
              12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
              Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
              apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
              village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
              Farmer, Montague).

              Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
              For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
              godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
              may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
              may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


              St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
              -----------------------------------------------------
              Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
              Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
              went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
              Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
              him among the East Angles.

              When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
              destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
              under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
              sea.

              They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
              Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
              up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
              surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

              He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
              Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
              returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
              in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
              bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

              Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
              saint.

              In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
              procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
              relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
              seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
              Encyclopaedia, Montague).

              Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
              Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
              carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
              church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
              beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

              Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
              truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
              northern France (Montague).

              Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
              Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
              Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
              Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
              Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
              thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
              that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



              St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
              Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
              (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
              -----------------------------------------------------
              Main day of commemoration is 6th September
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

              Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
              mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
              person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
              always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
              impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
              relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

              The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
              her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
              presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
              Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
              Cumberland, England.

              She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
              (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
              (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
              Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
              years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
              and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
              the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
              name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

              Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
              Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
              Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
              May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
              royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
              Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
              beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
              bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
              immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
              soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
              death of the abbess of Whitby.

              About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
              who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
              Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
              revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
              "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
              miracles were reported.

              The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
              coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
              that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
              7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
              is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
              without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
              Farmer, Montague, Moran).

              ********************************************************
              Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
              Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
              ********************************************************

              The village of Saint Bees
              http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


              A book to read about Saint Bee:--
              "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

              Two reviews:
              alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
              Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

              This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
              England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
              prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
              other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
              time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
              with plenty of action,
              believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
              however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

              simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
              7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

              Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
              well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
              closed the pages for the last time.

              It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
              between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
              violent and turbulent period of history.

              This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
              available as "Credo."


              ********************************
              Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
              or the prayer corner at home.
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
              *********************************


              Sources:
              ========

              Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Penguin Books.

              Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
              Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

              Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Doubleday Image.

              Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
              Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

              Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
              Regnery.

              Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
              Guildford: Billing & Sons.

              White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
              Message 6 of 14 , Oct 30, 2011
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Erth of Cornwall
                * St. Foillan of Fosses
                * St. Bega
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
                (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
                -----------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
                Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
                give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
                druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
                bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

                "Bishop Erc,
                Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
                Whosoever gives a just judgement
                Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

                Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
                May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
                responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
                Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
                12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
                Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
                apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
                village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
                Farmer, Montague).

                Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
                For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
                godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
                may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
                may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


                St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
                -----------------------------------------------------
                Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
                Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
                went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
                Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
                him among the East Angles.

                When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
                destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
                under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
                sea.

                They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
                Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
                up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
                surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

                He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
                Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
                returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
                in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
                bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

                Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
                saint.

                In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
                procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
                relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
                seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
                Encyclopaedia, Montague).

                Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
                Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
                carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
                church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
                beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

                Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
                truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
                northern France (Montague).

                Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
                Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
                Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
                Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
                Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
                thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
                that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



                St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
                Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
                (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
                -----------------------------------------------------
                Main day of commemoration is 6th September
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

                Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
                mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
                person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
                always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
                impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
                relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

                The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
                her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
                presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
                Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
                Cumberland, England.

                She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
                (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
                (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
                Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
                years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
                and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
                the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
                name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

                Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
                Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
                Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
                May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
                royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
                Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
                beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
                bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
                immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
                soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
                death of the abbess of Whitby.

                About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
                who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
                Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
                revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
                "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
                miracles were reported.

                The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
                coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
                that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
                7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
                is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
                without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
                Farmer, Montague, Moran).

                ********************************************************
                Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
                Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
                ********************************************************

                The village of Saint Bees
                http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


                A book to read about Saint Bee:--
                "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

                Two reviews:
                alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
                Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

                This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
                England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
                prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
                other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
                time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
                with plenty of action,
                believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
                however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

                simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
                7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

                Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
                well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
                closed the pages for the last time.

                It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
                between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
                violent and turbulent period of history.

                This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
                available as "Credo."


                ********************************
                Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                or the prayer corner at home.
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
                *********************************


                Sources:
                ========

                Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Penguin Books.

                Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Doubleday Image.

                Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
                Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                Regnery.

                Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
                Message 7 of 14 , Oct 31, 2012
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Erth of Cornwall
                  * St. Foillan of Fosses
                  * St. Bega
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
                  (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
                  -----------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
                  Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
                  give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
                  druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
                  bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

                  "Bishop Erc,
                  Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
                  Whosoever gives a just judgement
                  Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

                  Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
                  May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
                  responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
                  Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
                  12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
                  Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
                  apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
                  village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
                  Farmer, Montague).

                  Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
                  For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
                  godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
                  may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
                  may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


                  St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
                  -----------------------------------------------------
                  Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
                  Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
                  went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
                  Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
                  him among the East Angles.

                  When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
                  destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
                  under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
                  sea.

                  They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
                  Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
                  up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
                  surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

                  He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
                  Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
                  returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
                  in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
                  bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

                  Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
                  saint.

                  In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
                  procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
                  relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
                  seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
                  Encyclopaedia, Montague).

                  Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
                  Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
                  carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
                  church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
                  beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

                  Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
                  truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
                  northern France (Montague).

                  Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
                  Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
                  Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
                  Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
                  Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
                  thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
                  that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



                  St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
                  Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
                  (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
                  -----------------------------------------------------
                  Main day of commemoration is 6th September
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

                  Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
                  mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
                  person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
                  always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
                  impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
                  relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

                  The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
                  her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
                  presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
                  Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
                  Cumberland, England.

                  She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
                  (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
                  (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
                  Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
                  years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
                  and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
                  the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
                  name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

                  Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
                  Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
                  Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
                  May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
                  royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
                  Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
                  beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
                  bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
                  immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
                  soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
                  death of the abbess of Whitby.

                  About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
                  who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
                  Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
                  revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
                  "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
                  miracles were reported.

                  The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
                  coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
                  that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
                  7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
                  is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
                  without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
                  Farmer, Montague, Moran).

                  ********************************************************
                  Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
                  Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
                  ********************************************************

                  The village of Saint Bees
                  http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


                  A book to read about Saint Bee:--
                  "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

                  Two reviews:
                  alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
                  Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

                  This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
                  England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
                  prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
                  other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
                  time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
                  with plenty of action,
                  believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
                  however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

                  simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
                  7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

                  Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
                  well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
                  closed the pages for the last time.

                  It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
                  between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
                  violent and turbulent period of history.

                  This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
                  available as "Credo."


                  ********************************
                  Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                  or the prayer corner at home.
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
                  *********************************


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                  Penguin Books.

                  Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                  Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                  Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                  Doubleday Image.

                  Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
                  Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                  Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                  Regnery.

                  Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                  Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                  White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Erth of Cornwall * St. Foillan of Fosses * St. Bega
                  Message 8 of 14 , Oct 30, 2013
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 October

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Erth of Cornwall
                    * St. Foillan of Fosses
                    * St. Bega
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Erth of Cornwall (of Slane)
                    (Erc, Ercus, Herygh, Urith)
                    -----------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 512; feast in Ireland is November 2. Saint Erth, the brother of
                    Saint Uny and Saint Ia (Ives) (f.d. February 3), was the only person to
                    give homage to Saint Patrick during the latter's confrontation with the
                    druids on the Hill of Slane. Patrick later ordained him a priest and
                    bishop. A distich ascribed to Saint Patrick relates:

                    "Bishop Erc,
                    Whatever he judged was rightly judged:
                    Whosoever gives a just judgement
                    Shall receive the blessing of bishop Erc."

                    Erth is said to have trained the young Saint Brendan the Navigator (f.d.
                    May 16) at his church in Tralee. Saint Erth is also
                    responsible for establishing the famous school at Slane, where King
                    Dagobert II is said to have received his early education. The
                    12th-century martyrology of Gorman calls him 'Erc of Slane, bishop of
                    Lilcach and from Ferta Fer Feic beside Sid Truim from the West.' He
                    apparently crossed from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church and the
                    village of Saint Erth are dedicated under his patronage (Benedictines,
                    Farmer, Montague).

                    Troparion of St Herygh tone 8
                    For four score years and ten thou didst grace the Cornish land with thy
                    godly presence, O Father Herygh./ Therefore pray to God for us,/ that we
                    may devote every year of our lives to His service,/ that at the end we
                    may be found worthy of eternal salvation.


                    St. Foillan (Faillan) of Fosses, Abbot
                    -----------------------------------------------------
                    Born in Ireland; died in Belgium, c. 655. Among the brothers of Saint
                    Fursey (f.d. January 16) were Foillan and Saint Ultan (f.d. May 1), who
                    went to England with Fursey about 630. There they built a monastery at
                    Burgh Castle in Suffolk near Yarmouth, and were missionary monks under
                    him among the East Angles.

                    When Fursey departed for Gaul, Foillan succeeded him as abbot, but the
                    destruction of their monastery and the depredations of the Mercians
                    under Penda, drove Foillan and Ultan to follow their brother across the
                    sea.

                    They were welcomed to Neustria by King Clovis II. Abbess Blessed Ida of
                    Nivelles (f.d. May 8) gave Foillan land at Fosses, Belgium, where he set
                    up a monastery and did missionary work among the Brabanters of the
                    surrounding country, on whom he made a lasting impression.

                    He kept up close relations with Saint Gertrude's establishment at
                    Nivelles, and this was the occasion of his untimely end: It was when
                    returning from saying Mass at Nivelles that he was set upon by robbers
                    in the forest of Seneffe and murdered with three companions. Their
                    bodies were not found until nearly three months later.

                    Ultan succeeded Foillan as abbot of Fosses, and he too was revered as a
                    saint.

                    In September every seventh year at Fosses, there is a spectacular
                    procession, called the March of Foillan, to honour the saint. Foillan's
                    relics are honoured by an official mounted guard and salutes are fired
                    seven times along the route of the procession. (Attwater, Delaney,
                    Encyclopaedia, Montague).

                    Foillan is depicted as a bishop with two armed men under his feet.
                    Sometimes he is shown (1) refusing the cup at the table of Pepin; (2)
                    carrying hot coals in his vestment for incense; (3) praying before the
                    church while the city burns; (4) kneeling, pierced by a spear; (5)
                    beaten with a club; or (6) with sword and palm (Roeder).

                    Foillan is the patron of children's nurses, dentists, surgeons, and
                    truss-makers (Roeder). He is widely honoured in both Ireland and
                    northern France (Montague).

                    Troparion of St Foillan tone 8
                    Pagan robbers bestowed upon thee the crown of martyrdom, O righteous
                    Foillan,/ for thy life was a reproach to the impious and cruel men./
                    Having laboured with thy holy brother, our Father Fursey,/ in East
                    Anglia and later in the Netherlands,/ pray to God for us, we beseech
                    thee, that both in word and deed/ our lives may be a missionary witness,
                    that we may be found worthy of His great mercy.



                    St. Bega, Anchoress of St Bee's Head Cumberland,
                    Founder of a Monastery Near Whitehaven
                    (Bee, Begh, Begha, Begu), Virgin
                    -----------------------------------------------------
                    Main day of commemoration is 6th September
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1286

                    Died in Cumberland, 681. This is another of those problematic saints,
                    mixing fact and fiction and, perhaps, the stories of more than one
                    person of the same name. One Bega is Irish; the other Anglo-Saxon. As
                    always, there appears to be some basis for the stories, but it is
                    impossible to sort or determine to whom each element of the story
                    relates. So, I give you what each of the sources has said.

                    The Irish maiden Saint Bega, in legend a princess, fled on the eve of
                    her marriage to a son of the king of Norway with a miraculous bracelet
                    presented by an angel as a token of her betrothal to the Lord Jesus
                    Christ. She was miraculously transported across the Irish Sea to
                    Cumberland, England.

                    She lived as a hermit for a while but on the advice of King Saint Oswald
                    (f.d. August 9), she received the veil from Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne
                    (f.d. August 31). Thereafter she founded a convent on the promontory of
                    Saint Bee's Head (Copeland), in Cumberland, which flourished for 900
                    years with grants from Kings Saint Oswald, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20),
                    and others. As an abbess, she was venerated for her aid to the poor and
                    the oppressed. The abbey still perpetuates her memory, as does also the
                    name of the village, Kilbees, in Scotland.

                    Two other saints of the same name are mentioned by hagiographers in
                    Yorkshire and an abbess at Kilbees. An Anglo-Saxon nun, called Heiu or
                    Begu, was also professed by Saint Aidan. According to Saint Bede (f.d.
                    May 25), she abdicated her abbacy of Hartlepool Abbey in favour of the
                    royal princess Saint Hilda (f.d. November 17). He also notes that while
                    Begu was novice mistress in another convent, she saw a vision of her
                    beloved Hilda, surrounded by heavenly light, ascend to heaven as the
                    bells tolled to call the sisters to prayer. The community was
                    immediately gathered in the chapel to pray for the repose of Hilda's
                    soul. The following morning messengers arrived was the news of the
                    death of the abbess of Whitby.

                    About 1125, the monks of Whitby sought relics to replace those of Hilda,
                    who had been translated to Glastonbury (they possessed those of Saint
                    Caedmon (f.d. February 11), but few were interested in him). Through a
                    revelation, a sarcophagus was found at Harkness with the inscription
                    "Hoc est sepulchrum Begu" and its contents transferred to Whitby, where
                    miracles were reported.

                    The origin of the name of the village of Kilbees and headland on the
                    coast of Cumberland is a matter of uncertainty. It seems more likely
                    that they are named after the Irish Bega than after either of the two
                    7th century Northumbrian nuns, Begu and Heiu, mentioned by Bede. There
                    is a medieval legend that oaths sworn on her bracelet were accepted
                    without further question (Attwater, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
                    Farmer, Montague, Moran).

                    ********************************************************
                    Through the intercessions of St Bee and of all the Saints of Britain,
                    Christ our God, have mercy on us and save us!
                    ********************************************************

                    The village of Saint Bees
                    http://www.thecumbriadirectory.com/Town_or_Village/St._Bees/St._Bees.php


                    A book to read about Saint Bee:--
                    "CREDO" by Melvyn Bragg

                    Two reviews:
                    alan.davies@... , August 14, 1997
                    Big, sweeping historical epic by a superior, literate writer

                    This is a huge book (780 pages in paperback) which sprawls across
                    England and Ireland circa 650AD. It is a highly literate (Bragg is a
                    prominent UK arts broadcaster) fictional exploration of Saint Bega and
                    other real life characters set against the religion and politics of the
                    time [and the key players at the Synod of Whitby.] It is very readable
                    with plenty of action,
                    believable characters and fascinating historical observation. It is
                    however a big novel so strengthen those wrist muscles first!.

                    simonfunnell@... from London, England , July 11, 1999
                    7th century Britain's way of life is under attack...

                    Melvyn Bragg's Credo is astonishing. It is so well researched and so
                    well written that the characters live in your head long after you have
                    closed the pages for the last time.

                    It's a classical battle; between the Pagans and the Christians, and
                    between the Christian Celts and the Christian Catholics, set in a
                    violent and turbulent period of history.

                    This book has been reprinted as "The Sword and The Miracle", but is also
                    available as "Credo."


                    ********************************
                    Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                    or the prayer corner at home.
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
                    *********************************


                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Attwater, D. (1983). The Penguin Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                    Penguin Books.

                    Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                    (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                    Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
                    Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

                    Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                    Doubleday Image.

                    Encyclopaedia of Catholic saints, October. (1966).
                    Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                    Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                    Regnery.

                    Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                    Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                    White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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