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3 November

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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
    Message 1 of 14 , Nov 1, 2000
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Winifred of Holywell
      * St. Vulganius of Arras
      * St. Rumwald of Brackley
      * St. Cristiolus of Wales
      * St. Elerius of Wales
      * St. Tanglen of Scotland
      * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
      * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
      (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
      Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
      ---------------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
      equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
      the written information is too late and fanciful to be reliable.

      Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
      king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
      saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
      this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
      eagerness.

      She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
      she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
      parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
      choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

      Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
      Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
      with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
      preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
      to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
      was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

      Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
      first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
      escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
      the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
      some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
      along the valley.

      Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
      to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
      angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
      Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
      immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
      feet.

      The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
      and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
      to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
      fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
      blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
      many years thereafter.

      The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
      succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
      having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
      established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
      holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
      succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
      the site.)

      She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
      from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
      Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
      spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
      Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

      Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
      be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
      lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
      as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

      At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
      that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
      less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

      No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
      divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
      who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

      Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
      ailments are recorded up to the time of the Reformation. Many authentic
      records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so that the
      people still made pilgrimages there.

      Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
      mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
      this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
      the pilgrimages were revived.

      Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
      and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
      Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

      There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
      of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
      legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
      Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
      supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
      have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

      In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
      her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head
      has been severed and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head
      being restored by Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around
      her neck, standing near the fountain (Roeder).

      She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
      Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
      Carnarvonshire (d. 630, AC April 21). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
      Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

      Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
      Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
      prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
      made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
      God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
      never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
      souls may be saved.


      Icon of Saint Winefred:
      http://www.prismnet.com/~hilarion/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

      http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
      is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures.
      Have a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little
      chantry chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is
      held in October.

      "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
      Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



      St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
      ---------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
      (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
      Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
      Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
      obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
      A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
      (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
      rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
      altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


      St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
      (Rumwald, Rumbald)
      ---------------------------------------------------
      Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
      Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
      relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
      Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
      Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
      legend relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
      aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
      Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

      The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
      (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
      later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
      honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
      also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
      name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
      dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
      Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
      well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
      Farmer, Husenbeth).

      In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
      statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
      Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
      patron (Farmer).


      St. Cristiolus of Wales
      ---------------------------------------------------
      7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
      churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


      St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
      ---------------------------------------------------
      6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
      Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
      in northern Wales (Benedictines).


      St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
      (Englatiis, Tanglen)
      ---------------------------------------------------
      Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
      bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


      St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
      ---------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
      educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
      due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


      St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
      ---------------------------------------------------


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm
      These Lives are archived at:
      http://www.egroups.com/group/celt-saints/
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
      Message 2 of 14 , Nov 1, 2001
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Winifred of Holywell
        * St. Vulganius of Arras
        * St. Rumwald of Brackley
        * St. Cristiolus of Wales
        * St. Elerius of Wales
        * St. Tanglen of Scotland
        * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
        * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
        (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
        Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
        ---------------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
        equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
        the written information is too late to be reliable.

        Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
        king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
        saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
        this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
        eagerness.

        She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
        she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
        parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
        choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

        Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
        Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
        with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
        preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
        to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
        was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

        Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
        first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
        escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
        the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
        some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
        along the valley.

        Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
        to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
        angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
        Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
        immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
        feet.

        The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
        and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
        to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
        fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
        blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
        many years thereafter.

        The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
        succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
        having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
        established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
        holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
        succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
        the site.)

        She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
        from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
        Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
        spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
        Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

        Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
        be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
        lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
        as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

        At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
        that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
        less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

        No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
        divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
        who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

        Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
        ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
        authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
        that the people still made pilgrimages there.

        Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
        mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
        this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
        the pilgrimages were revived.

        Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
        and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
        Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

        There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
        of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
        legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
        Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
        supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
        have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

        In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
        her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
        and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
        Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
        standing near the fountain (Roeder).

        She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
        Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
        Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
        Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

        Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
        Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
        prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
        made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
        God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
        never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
        souls may be saved.


        Icon of Saint Winefred:
        http://www.odox.net/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

        http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
        is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
        a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
        chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
        October.

        "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
        Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



        St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
        ---------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
        (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
        Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
        Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
        obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
        A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
        (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
        rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
        altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


        St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
        (Rumwald, Rumbald)
        ---------------------------------------------------
        Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
        Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
        relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
        Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
        Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
        Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
        aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
        Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

        The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
        (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
        later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
        honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
        also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
        name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
        dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
        Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
        well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
        Farmer, Husenbeth).

        In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
        statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
        Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
        patron (Farmer).

        St. Cristiolus of Wales
        ---------------------------------------------------
        7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
        churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


        St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
        ---------------------------------------------------
        6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
        Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
        in northern Wales (Benedictines).


        St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
        (Englatiis, Tanglen)
        ---------------------------------------------------
        Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
        bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


        St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
        ---------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
        educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
        due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


        St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
        ---------------------------------------------------


        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm
        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrós
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
        Message 3 of 14 , Nov 1, 2002
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Winifred of Holywell
          * St. Vulganius of Arras
          * St. Rumwald of Brackley
          * St. Cristiolus of Wales
          * St. Elerius of Wales
          * St. Tanglen of Scotland
          * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
          * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
          (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
          Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
          ---------------------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
          equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
          the written information is too late to be reliable.

          Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
          king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
          saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
          this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
          eagerness.

          She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
          she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
          parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
          choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

          Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
          Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
          with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
          preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
          to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
          was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

          Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
          first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
          escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
          the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
          some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
          along the valley.

          Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
          to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
          angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
          Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
          immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
          feet.

          The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
          and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
          to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
          fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
          blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
          many years thereafter.

          The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
          succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
          having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
          established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
          holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
          succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
          the site.)

          She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
          from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
          Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
          spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
          Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

          Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
          be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
          lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
          as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

          At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
          that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
          less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

          No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
          divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
          who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

          Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
          ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
          authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
          that the people still made pilgrimages there.

          Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
          mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
          this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
          the pilgrimages were revived.

          Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
          and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
          Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

          There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
          of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
          legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
          Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
          supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
          have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

          In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
          her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
          and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
          Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
          standing near the fountain (Roeder).

          She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
          Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
          Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
          Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

          Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
          Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
          prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
          made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
          God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
          never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
          souls may be saved.


          Icon of Saint Winefred:
          http://www.odox.net/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

          http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
          is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
          a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
          chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
          October.

          "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
          Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



          St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
          ---------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
          (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
          Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
          Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
          obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
          A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
          (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
          rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
          altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


          St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
          (Rumwald, Rumbald)
          ---------------------------------------------------
          Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
          Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
          relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
          Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
          Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
          Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
          aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
          Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

          The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
          (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
          later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
          honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
          also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
          name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
          dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
          Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
          well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
          Farmer, Husenbeth).

          In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
          statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
          Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
          patron (Farmer).

          St. Cristiolus of Wales
          ---------------------------------------------------
          7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
          churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


          St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
          ---------------------------------------------------
          6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
          Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
          in northern Wales (Benedictines).


          St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
          (Englatiis, Tanglen)
          ---------------------------------------------------
          Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
          bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


          St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
          ---------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
          educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
          due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


          St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
          ---------------------------------------------------
          A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
          and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
          beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
          spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
          i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
          some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
          Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
          now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
          (Uriconium).

          From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
          East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
          Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
          close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
          finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
          this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
          anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
          and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
          however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
          living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
          hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
          Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

          The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
          by Fr Stephen Maxfield
          http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

          Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
          by Fr Stephen Maxfield
          http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

          ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
          century a period of considerable political instability followed.
          However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
          Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
          the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
          certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
          his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
          Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
          London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
          Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
          of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
          monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
          particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
          Tysilio.

          St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
          Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
          the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
          on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
          become a monk.

          Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
          Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
          ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
          replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>



          Lives kindly supplied by:
          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
          Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm
          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
          Message 4 of 14 , Nov 2, 2003
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Winifred of Holywell
            * St. Vulganius of Arras
            * St. Rumwald of Brackley
            * St. Cristiolus of Wales
            * St. Elerius of Wales
            * St. Tanglen of Scotland
            * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
            * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
            (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
            Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
            ---------------------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
            equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
            the written information is too late to be reliable.

            Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
            king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
            saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
            this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
            eagerness.

            She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
            she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
            parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
            choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

            Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
            Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
            with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
            preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
            to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
            was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

            Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
            first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
            escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
            the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
            some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
            along the valley.

            Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
            to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
            angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
            Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
            immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
            feet.

            The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
            and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
            to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
            fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
            blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
            many years thereafter.

            The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
            succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
            having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
            established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
            holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
            succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
            the site.)

            She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
            from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
            Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
            spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
            Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

            Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
            be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
            lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
            as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

            At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
            that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
            less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

            No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
            divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
            who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

            Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
            ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
            authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
            that the people still made pilgrimages there.

            Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
            mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
            this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
            the pilgrimages were revived.

            Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
            and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
            Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

            There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
            of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
            legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
            Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
            supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
            have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

            In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
            her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
            and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
            Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
            standing near the fountain (Roeder).

            She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
            Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
            Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
            Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

            Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
            Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
            prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
            made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
            God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
            never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
            souls may be saved.


            Icon of Saint Winefred:
            http://www.odox.net/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

            Holywell - Clwyd
            by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
            http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

            Winifred's Well:
            http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
            http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
            http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

            http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
            is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
            a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
            chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
            October.

            "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
            Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



            St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
            ---------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
            (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
            Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
            Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
            obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
            A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
            (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
            rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
            altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


            St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
            (Rumwald, Rumbald)
            ---------------------------------------------------
            Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
            Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
            relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
            Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
            Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
            Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
            aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
            Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

            The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
            (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
            later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
            honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
            also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
            name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
            dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
            Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
            well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
            Farmer, Husenbeth).

            In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
            statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
            Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
            patron (Farmer).

            St. Cristiolus of Wales
            ---------------------------------------------------
            7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
            churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


            St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
            ---------------------------------------------------
            6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
            Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
            in northern Wales (Benedictines).


            St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
            (Englatiis, Tanglen)
            ---------------------------------------------------
            Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
            bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


            St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
            ---------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
            educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
            due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


            St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
            ---------------------------------------------------
            A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
            and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
            beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
            spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
            i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
            some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
            Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
            now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
            (Uriconium).

            From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
            East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
            Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
            close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
            finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
            this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
            anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
            and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
            however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
            living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
            hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
            Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

            The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
            by Fr Stephen Maxfield
            http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

            Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
            by Fr Stephen Maxfield
            http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

            ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
            century a period of considerable political instability followed.
            However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
            Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
            the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
            certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
            his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
            Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
            London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
            Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
            of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
            monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
            particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
            Tysilio.

            St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
            Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
            the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
            on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
            become a monk.

            Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
            Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
            ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
            replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>



            Lives kindly supplied by:
            For All the Saints:
            http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/
            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
            Message 5 of 14 , Nov 2, 2004
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Winifred of Holywell
              * St. Vulganius of Arras
              * St. Rumwald of Brackley
              * St. Cristiolus of Wales
              * St. Elerius of Wales
              * St. Tanglen of Scotland
              * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
              * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
              (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
              Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
              ---------------------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
              equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
              the written information is too late to be reliable.

              Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
              king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
              saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
              this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
              eagerness.

              She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
              she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
              parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
              choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

              Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
              Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
              with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
              preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
              to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
              was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

              Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
              first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
              escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
              the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
              some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
              along the valley.

              Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
              to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
              angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
              Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
              immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
              feet.

              The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
              and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
              to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
              fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
              blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
              many years thereafter.

              The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
              succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
              having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
              established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
              holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
              succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
              the site.)

              She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
              from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
              Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
              spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
              Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

              Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
              be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
              lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
              as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

              At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
              that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
              less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

              No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
              divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
              who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

              Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
              ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
              authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
              that the people still made pilgrimages there.

              Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
              mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
              this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
              the pilgrimages were revived.

              Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
              and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
              Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

              There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
              of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
              legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
              Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
              supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
              have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

              In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
              her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
              and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
              Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
              standing near the fountain (Roeder).

              She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
              Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
              Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
              Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

              Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
              Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
              prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
              made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
              God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
              never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
              souls may be saved.


              Icon of Saint Winefred:
              http://www.odox.net/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

              Holywell - Clwyd
              by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
              http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

              Winifred's Well:
              http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
              http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
              http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

              http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
              is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
              a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
              chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
              October.

              "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
              Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



              St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
              ---------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
              (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
              Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
              Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
              obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
              A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
              (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
              rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
              altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


              St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
              (Rumwald, Rumbald)
              ---------------------------------------------------
              Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
              Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
              relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
              Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
              Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
              Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
              aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
              Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

              The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
              (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
              later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
              honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
              also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
              name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
              dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
              Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
              well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
              Farmer, Husenbeth).

              In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
              statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
              Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
              patron (Farmer).

              St. Cristiolus of Wales
              ---------------------------------------------------
              7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
              churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


              St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
              ---------------------------------------------------
              6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
              Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
              in northern Wales (Benedictines).


              St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
              (Englatiis, Tanglen)
              ---------------------------------------------------
              Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
              bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


              St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
              ---------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
              educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
              due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


              St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
              ---------------------------------------------------
              A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
              and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
              beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
              spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
              i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
              some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
              Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
              now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
              (Uriconium).

              From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
              East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
              Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
              close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
              finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
              this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
              anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
              and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
              however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
              living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
              hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
              Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

              The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
              by Fr Stephen Maxfield
              http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

              Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
              by Fr Stephen Maxfield
              http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

              ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
              century a period of considerable political instability followed.
              However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
              Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
              the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
              certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
              his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
              Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
              London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
              Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
              of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
              monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
              particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
              Tysilio.

              St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
              Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
              the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
              on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
              become a monk.

              Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
              Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
              ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
              replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


              Lives kindly supplied by:
              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              Orthodox Ireland Saints
              http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • Maincin Maincin
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
              Message 6 of 14 , Nov 1, 2005
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Winifred of Holywell
                * St. Vulganius of Arras
                * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                * St. Elerius of Wales
                * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                ---------------------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                the written information is too late to be reliable.

                Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                eagerness.

                She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                along the valley.

                Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                feet.

                The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                many years thereafter.

                The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                the site.)

                She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                the pilgrimages were revived.

                Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                souls may be saved.


                Icon of Saint Winefred:
                http://www.odox.net/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                Holywell - Clwyd
                by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                Winifred's Well:
                http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                October.

                "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                ---------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                ---------------------------------------------------
                Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                Farmer, Husenbeth).

                In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                patron (Farmer).

                St. Cristiolus of Wales
                ---------------------------------------------------
                7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                ---------------------------------------------------
                6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                ---------------------------------------------------
                Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                ---------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                ---------------------------------------------------
                A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                (Uriconium).

                From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                Tysilio.

                St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                become a monk.

                Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                Lives kindly supplied by:
                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ������������������������������������

                _________________________________________________________________
                MSN Messenger 7.5 is now out. Download it for FREE here.
                http://messenger.msn.co.uk
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                Message 7 of 14 , Nov 1, 2006
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Winifred of Holywell
                  * St. Vulganius of Arras
                  * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                  * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                  * St. Elerius of Wales
                  * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                  * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                  * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                  (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                  Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                  ---------------------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                  equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                  the written information is too late to be reliable.

                  Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                  king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                  saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                  this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                  eagerness.

                  She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                  she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                  parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                  choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                  Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                  Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                  with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                  preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                  to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                  was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                  Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                  first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                  escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                  the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                  some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                  along the valley.

                  Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                  to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                  angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                  Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                  immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                  feet.

                  The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                  and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                  to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                  fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                  blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                  many years thereafter.

                  The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                  succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                  having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                  established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                  holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                  succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                  the site.)

                  She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                  from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                  Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                  spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                  Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                  Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                  be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                  lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                  as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                  At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                  that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                  less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                  No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                  divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                  who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                  Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                  ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                  authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                  that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                  Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                  mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                  this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                  the pilgrimages were revived.

                  Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                  and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                  Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                  There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                  of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                  legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                  Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                  supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                  have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                  In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                  her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                  and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                  Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                  standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                  She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                  Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                  Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                  Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                  Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                  Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                  prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                  made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                  God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                  never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                  souls may be saved.


                  Icon of Saint Winefred:
                  http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                  Holywell - Clwyd
                  by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                  http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                  Winifred's Well:
                  http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                  http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                  http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                  http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                  is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                  a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                  chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                  October.

                  "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                  Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                  St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                  ---------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                  (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                  Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                  Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                  obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                  A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                  (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                  rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                  altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                  St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                  (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                  ---------------------------------------------------
                  Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                  Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                  relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                  Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                  Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                  Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                  aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                  Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                  The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                  (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                  later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                  honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                  also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                  name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                  dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                  Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                  well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                  Farmer, Husenbeth).

                  In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                  statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                  Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                  patron (Farmer).

                  St. Cristiolus of Wales
                  ---------------------------------------------------
                  7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                  churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                  St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                  ---------------------------------------------------
                  6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                  Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                  in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                  St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                  (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                  ---------------------------------------------------
                  Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                  bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                  St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                  ---------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                  educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                  due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                  St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                  ---------------------------------------------------
                  A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                  and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                  beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                  spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                  i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                  some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                  Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                  now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                  (Uriconium).

                  From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                  East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                  Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                  close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                  finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                  this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                  anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                  and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                  however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                  living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                  hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                  Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                  The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                  by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                  http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                  Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                  by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                  http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                  ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                  century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                  However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                  Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                  the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                  certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                  his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                  Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                  London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                  Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                  of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                  monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                  particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                  Tysilio.

                  St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                  Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                  the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                  on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                  become a monk.

                  Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                  Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                  ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                  replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                  Lives kindly supplied by:
                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                  Message 8 of 14 , Nov 2, 2007
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Winifred of Holywell
                    * St. Vulganius of Arras
                    * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                    * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                    * St. Elerius of Wales
                    * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                    * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                    * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                    (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                    Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                    ---------------------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                    equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                    the written information is too late to be reliable.

                    Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                    king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                    saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                    this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                    eagerness.

                    She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                    she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                    parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                    choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                    Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                    Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                    with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                    preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                    to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                    was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                    Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                    first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                    escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                    the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                    some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                    along the valley.

                    Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                    to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                    angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                    Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                    immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                    feet.

                    The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                    and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                    to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                    fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                    blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                    many years thereafter.

                    The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                    succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                    having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                    established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                    holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                    succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                    the site.)

                    She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                    from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                    Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                    spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                    Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                    Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                    be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                    lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                    as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                    At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                    that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                    less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                    No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                    divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                    who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                    Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                    ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                    authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                    that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                    Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                    mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                    this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                    the pilgrimages were revived.

                    Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                    and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                    Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                    There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                    of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                    legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                    Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                    supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                    have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                    In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                    her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                    and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                    Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                    standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                    She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                    Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                    Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                    Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                    Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                    Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                    prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                    made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                    God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                    never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                    souls may be saved.


                    Icon of Saint Winefred:
                    http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                    Holywell - Clwyd
                    by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                    http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                    Winifred's Well:
                    http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                    http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                    http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                    http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                    is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                    a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                    chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                    October.

                    "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                    Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                    St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                    ---------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                    (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                    Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                    Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                    obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                    A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                    (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                    rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                    altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                    St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                    (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                    ---------------------------------------------------
                    Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                    Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                    relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                    Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                    Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                    Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                    aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                    Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                    The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                    (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                    later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                    honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                    also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                    name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                    dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                    Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                    well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                    Farmer, Husenbeth).

                    In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                    statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                    Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                    patron (Farmer).

                    St. Cristiolus of Wales
                    ---------------------------------------------------
                    7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                    churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                    St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                    ---------------------------------------------------
                    6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                    Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                    in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                    St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                    (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                    ---------------------------------------------------
                    Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                    bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                    St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                    ---------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                    educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                    due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                    St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                    ---------------------------------------------------
                    A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                    and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                    beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                    spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                    i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                    some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                    Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                    now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                    (Uriconium).

                    From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                    East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                    Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                    close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                    finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                    this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                    anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                    and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                    however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                    living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                    hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                    Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                    The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                    by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                    http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                    Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                    by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                    http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                    ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                    century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                    However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                    Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                    the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                    certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                    his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                    Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                    London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                    Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                    of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                    monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                    particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                    Tysilio.

                    St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                    Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                    the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                    on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                    become a monk.

                    Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                    Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                    ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                    replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                    Lives kindly supplied by:
                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                    Message 9 of 14 , Nov 2, 2008
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Winifred of Holywell
                      * St. Vulganius of Arras
                      * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                      * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                      * St. Elerius of Wales
                      * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                      * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                      * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                      (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                      Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                      ---------------------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                      equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                      the written information is too late to be reliable.

                      Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                      king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                      saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                      this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                      eagerness.

                      She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                      she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                      parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                      choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                      Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                      Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                      with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                      preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                      to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                      was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                      Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                      first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                      escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                      the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                      some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                      along the valley.

                      Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                      to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                      angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                      Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                      immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                      feet.

                      The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                      and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                      to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                      fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                      blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                      many years thereafter.

                      The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                      succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                      having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                      established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                      holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                      succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                      the site.)

                      She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                      from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                      Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                      spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                      Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                      Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                      be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                      lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                      as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                      At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                      that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                      less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                      No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                      divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                      who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                      Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                      ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                      authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                      that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                      Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                      mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                      this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                      the pilgrimages were revived.

                      Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                      and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                      Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                      There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                      of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                      legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                      Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                      supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                      have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                      In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                      her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                      and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                      Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                      standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                      She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                      Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                      Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                      Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                      Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                      Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                      prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                      made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                      God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                      never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                      souls may be saved.


                      Icon of Saint Winefred:
                      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                      Holywell - Clwyd
                      by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                      http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                      Winifred's Well:
                      http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                      http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                      http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                      http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                      is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                      a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                      chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                      October.

                      "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                      Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                      St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                      ---------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                      (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                      Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                      Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                      obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                      A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                      (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                      rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                      altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                      St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                      (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                      ---------------------------------------------------
                      Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                      Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                      relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                      Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                      Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                      Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                      aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                      Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                      The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                      (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                      later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                      honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                      also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                      name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                      dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                      Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                      well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                      Farmer, Husenbeth).

                      In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                      statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                      Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                      patron (Farmer).

                      St. Cristiolus of Wales
                      ---------------------------------------------------
                      7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                      churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                      St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                      ---------------------------------------------------
                      6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                      Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                      in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                      St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                      (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                      ---------------------------------------------------
                      Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                      bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                      St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                      ---------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                      educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                      due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                      St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                      ---------------------------------------------------
                      A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                      and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                      beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                      spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                      i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                      some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                      Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                      now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                      (Uriconium).

                      From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                      East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                      Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                      close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                      finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                      this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                      anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                      and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                      however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                      living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                      hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                      Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                      The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                      by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                      Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                      by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                      http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                      ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                      century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                      However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                      Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                      the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                      certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                      his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                      Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                      London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                      Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                      of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                      monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                      particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                      Tysilio.

                      St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                      Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                      the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                      on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                      become a monk.

                      Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                      Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                      ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                      replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                      Lives kindly supplied by:
                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • emrys@globe.net.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                      Message 10 of 14 , Nov 3, 2009
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Winifred of Holywell
                        * St. Vulganius of Arras
                        * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                        * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                        * St. Elerius of Wales
                        * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                        * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                        * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                        (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                        Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                        ---------------------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                        equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                        the written information is too late to be reliable.

                        Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                        king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                        saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                        this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                        eagerness.

                        She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                        she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                        parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                        choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                        Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                        Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                        with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                        preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                        to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                        was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                        Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                        first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                        escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                        the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                        some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                        along the valley.

                        Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                        to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                        angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                        Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                        immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                        feet.

                        The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                        and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                        to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                        fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                        blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                        many years thereafter.

                        The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                        succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                        having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                        established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                        holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                        succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                        the site.)

                        She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                        from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                        Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                        spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                        Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                        Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                        be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                        lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                        as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                        At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                        that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                        less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                        No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                        divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                        who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                        Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                        ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                        authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                        that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                        Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                        mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                        this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                        the pilgrimages were revived.

                        Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                        and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                        Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                        There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                        of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                        legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                        Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                        supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                        have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                        In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                        her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                        and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                        Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                        standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                        She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                        Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                        Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                        Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                        Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                        Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                        prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                        made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                        God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                        never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                        souls may be saved.


                        Icon of Saint Winefred:
                        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                        Holywell - Clwyd
                        by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                        http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                        Winifred's Well:
                        http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                        http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                        http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                        http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                        is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                        a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                        chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                        October.

                        "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                        Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                        St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                        ---------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                        (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                        Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                        Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                        obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                        A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                        (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                        rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                        altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                        St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                        (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                        ---------------------------------------------------
                        Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                        Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                        relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                        Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                        Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                        Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                        aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                        Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                        The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                        (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                        later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                        honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                        also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                        name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                        dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                        Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                        well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                        Farmer, Husenbeth).

                        In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                        statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                        Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                        patron (Farmer).

                        St. Cristiolus of Wales
                        ---------------------------------------------------
                        7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                        churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                        St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                        ---------------------------------------------------
                        6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                        Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                        in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                        St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                        (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                        ---------------------------------------------------
                        Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                        bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                        St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                        ---------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                        educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                        due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                        St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                        ---------------------------------------------------
                        A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                        and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                        beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                        spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                        i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                        some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                        Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                        now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                        (Uriconium).

                        From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                        East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                        Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                        close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                        finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                        this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                        anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                        and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                        however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                        living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                        hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                        Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                        The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                        by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                        http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                        Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                        by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                        http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                        ...With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                        century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                        However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                        Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                        the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                        certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                        his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                        Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                        London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                        Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                        of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                        monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                        particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                        Tysilio.

                        St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                        Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                        the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                        on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                        become a monk.

                        Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                        Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                        ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                        replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                        Lives kindly supplied by:
                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                        Message 11 of 14 , Nov 1, 2010
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Winifred of Holywell
                          * St. Vulganius of Arras
                          * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                          * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                          * St. Elerius of Wales
                          * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                          * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                          * St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                          * St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                          * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                          (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                          Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                          ---------------------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                          equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                          the written information is too late to be reliable.

                          Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                          king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                          saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                          this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                          eagerness.

                          She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                          she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                          parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                          choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                          Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                          Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                          with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                          preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                          to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                          was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                          Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                          first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                          escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                          the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                          some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                          along the valley.

                          Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                          to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                          angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                          Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                          immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                          feet.

                          The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                          and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                          to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                          fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                          blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                          many years thereafter.

                          The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                          succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                          having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                          established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                          holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                          succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                          the site.)

                          She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                          from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                          Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                          spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                          Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                          Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                          be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                          lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                          as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                          At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                          that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                          less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                          No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                          divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                          who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                          Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                          ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                          authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                          that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                          Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                          mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                          this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                          the pilgrimages were revived.

                          Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                          and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                          Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                          There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                          of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                          legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                          Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                          supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                          have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                          In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                          her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                          and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                          Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                          standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                          She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                          Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                          Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                          Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                          Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                          Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                          prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                          made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                          God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                          never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                          souls may be saved.

                          A couple of books on St Winifred available at the Internet Archive:

                          1. Philip Leigh, The Life and Miracles of St Wenefride (1874)
                          This is a reprint of a 1712 translation of the Life of St Wenefride written
                          by Robert of Shrewsbury. The language has (thankfully) been modernized. The
                          book includes a number of prayers and a hymn to the saint, plus a Litany as
                          used by Catholic pilgrims to the shrine.
                          http://www.archive.org/details/lifeandmiracles01winegoog

                          2. Thomas Swift, S.J. (ed), The Life of St Winefride, Virgin and Martyr,
                          based on the Acts of the Bollandist Fathers (1888)
                          http://www.archive.org/details/lifeofsaintwinef00swifuoft


                          Icon of Saint Winefred:
                          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                          Holywell - Clwyd
                          by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                          http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                          Winifred's Well:
                          http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                          http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                          http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                          http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                          is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                          a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                          chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                          October.

                          "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                          Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                          St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                          ---------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                          (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                          Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                          Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                          obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                          A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                          (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                          rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                          altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                          St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                          (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                          ---------------------------------------------------
                          Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                          Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                          relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                          Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                          Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                          Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                          aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                          Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                          The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                          (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                          later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                          honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                          also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                          name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                          dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                          Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                          well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                          Farmer, Husenbeth).

                          In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                          statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                          Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                          patron (Farmer).

                          St. Cristiolus of Wales
                          ---------------------------------------------------
                          7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                          churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                          St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                          ---------------------------------------------------
                          6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                          Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                          in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                          St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                          (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                          ---------------------------------------------------
                          Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                          bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                          St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                          ---------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                          educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                          due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                          St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                          -------------------------------------------------

                          November 3 is also the feastday of the founder of the monastery of
                          Reichenau -Pirminius - whose birthplace is still the subject of debate among
                          scholars today. One tradition is that he was an Irishman, and in the article
                          below, reproduced from the Irish Ecclesiastical Record of 1894, Father J.F.
                          Hogan, champions this claim. Please refer to the original volume to consult
                          the footnotes to this text. Whatver the truth about the national origins of
                          Saint Pirminius, the article is worth reading for the information it
                          contains on the monastery of Reichenau and its famous sons.

                          http://brigid-undertheoak.blogspot.com/2009/11/saint-pirminius-of-reichenau-irish.html


                          St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                          -------------------------------------------------

                          He was appointed successor to St. Mochaemhog (Latin name Pulcherius) who
                          founded the monastery at Anatrim. The details of this succession are
                          recorded in the Life of Pulcherius:

                          "St. Pulcherius, with his monks, came to a place by name Enachtruim, which
                          is in the Slieve Bloom, in the territory of the Leixians, and began to build
                          a church there. But a certain wordly-given man came to him saying: 'Do not
                          labour here in vain, because this place will not be yours.' St. Pulcherius
                          answered him saying: 'Now I will remain here till some one taking hold of my
                          hand shall seize me and expel me by force.' Then the other took hold of the
                          holy man's hand with the intention of forcing him away. As he did so, St.
                          Pulcherius said to him: 'By what name are you called, O man?" He answered:
                          'My name is Bronach' (which, in Latin. is equivalent to tristis). The holy
                          man replied: 'You have an appropriate name, for you shall be sad here and
                          hereafter. Now you and your generation, by the will of God, will be expelled
                          hence by the chief of this district, but I shall be in this place until a
                          man of God, by name Coemhan, will come to me; to him I will leave this
                          place, he shall be surnamed from it, and here shall be his resurrection.'
                          The man hearing this prophecy, and conscious of his guiltiness towards his
                          chief, withdrew in anger, and without contrition for the insult he had
                          offered [the saint], and forthwith everything fell out with him as the holy
                          man had predicted. And when St. Coemhan came thither to St. Pulcherius, the
                          latter left the place to him, and he remained here in great sanctity till
                          his death: but St. Pulcherius proceeded to the district of Munster."
                          AA. SS. Hib. p. 586, March 13.


                          St. Coemhan or "Kavan," to whom Anatrim was thus committed, was probably a
                          native of the County Wicklow, and was certainly a member of what may, with
                          reason, be called a family of Saints. He was brother or step-brother of (1)
                          the great St. Caoimhghin or Kevin of Glendalough, who died in 618, aged, it
                          is said, 120 years; (2) St. Nathchoemhi or Mo-Chuemhin, Abbot of Terryglass,
                          in Lower Ormond; (3) St. Coemola or Melda, mother of St. Abban the younger,
                          which latter was born about 520; and of (4) St. Coeltighearna, mother of (a)
                          St. Dagan of Ennereilly, Co. Wicklow; (b) St. Molibba, Abbot and Bishop of
                          Glendalough; (c) St. Menocus or Enanus of Glenealy, Co. Wicklow, and (d) St.
                          Mobhai. In early life, St. Coemhan, with his brother, St. Nathchoemhi, and
                          St. Fintan of Clonenagh, received his religious training in St. Columba's
                          Monastery of Terryglass. The date of his death must be somewhere about the
                          year 600. The Martyrology of Donegal thus commemorates him on his feast day,
                          Nov. 3rd:
                          "Caemhan of Eanach-truim, in Laoighis, in the west of Leinster. He was of
                          the race of Labhraidh Lorc, monarch of Erin, and brother of Caoimhghin of
                          Gleann-da-locha.

                          The Calendar of Aengus, on the same day, has:

                          "The day of Coemhan of Eanach."

                          On which passage the scholiast of Aengus comments

                          "That is, Coemhan of Eanach truim in Laighis in Leinster, the brother of
                          Coemgin of Glendalough Coemlog was their father's name and Coemgel their
                          mother's, and Natcaim of Tir-da-glass [was] their brother as is aforesaid."

                          The annals of Anatrim monastery, from the time of St. Coemhan, are a perfect
                          blank. The monks probably held on here till the 12th century, when they
                          either became extinct or were set aside, and their chapel was handed over to
                          the secular clergy.

                          Source: Carrigan "The History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory" Vol.
                          2 (1905)

                          http://www.irishmidlandsancestry.com/content/laois/community/parishhistories/camross_parish.htm




                          St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                          ---------------------------------------------------
                          A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                          and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                          beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                          spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                          i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                          some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                          Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                          now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                          (Uriconium).

                          From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                          East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                          Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                          close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                          finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                          this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                          anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                          and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                          however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                          living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                          hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                          Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                          The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                          by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                          http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                          Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                          by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                          http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                          ....With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                          century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                          However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                          Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                          the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                          certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                          his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                          Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                          London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                          Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                          of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                          monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                          particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                          Tysilio.

                          St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                          Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                          the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                          on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                          become a monk.

                          Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                          Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                          ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                          replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                          Lives kindly supplied by:
                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                          Message 12 of 14 , Nov 1, 2011
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Winifred of Holywell
                            * St. Vulganius of Arras
                            * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                            * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                            * St. Elerius of Wales
                            * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                            * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                            * St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                            * St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                            * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                            (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                            Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                            ---------------------------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                            equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                            the written information is too late to be reliable.

                            Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                            king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                            saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                            this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                            eagerness.

                            She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                            she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                            parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                            choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                            Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                            Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                            with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                            preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                            to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                            was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                            Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                            first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                            escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                            the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                            some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                            along the valley.

                            Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                            to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                            angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                            Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                            immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                            feet.

                            The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                            and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                            to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                            fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                            blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                            many years thereafter.

                            The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                            succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                            having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                            established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                            holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                            succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                            the site.)

                            She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                            from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                            Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                            spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                            Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                            Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                            be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                            lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                            as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                            At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                            that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                            less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                            No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                            divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                            who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                            Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                            ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                            authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                            that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                            Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                            mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                            this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                            the pilgrimages were revived.

                            Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                            and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                            Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                            There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                            of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                            legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                            Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                            supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                            have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                            In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                            her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                            and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                            Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                            standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                            She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                            Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                            Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                            Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                            Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                            Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                            prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                            made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                            God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                            never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                            souls may be saved.

                            A couple of books on St Winifred available at the Internet Archive:

                            1. Philip Leigh, The Life and Miracles of St Wenefride (1874)
                            This is a reprint of a 1712 translation of the Life of St Wenefride written
                            by Robert of Shrewsbury. The language has (thankfully) been modernized. The
                            book includes a number of prayers and a hymn to the saint, plus a Litany as
                            used by Catholic pilgrims to the shrine.
                            http://www.archive.org/details/lifeandmiracles01winegoog

                            2. Thomas Swift, S.J. (ed), The Life of St Winefride, Virgin and Martyr,
                            based on the Acts of the Bollandist Fathers (1888)
                            http://www.archive.org/details/lifeofsaintwinef00swifuoft


                            Icon of Saint Winefred:
                            http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                            Holywell - Clwyd
                            by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                            http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                            Winifred's Well:
                            http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                            http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                            http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                            http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                            is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                            a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                            chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                            October.

                            "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                            Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                            St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                            ---------------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                            (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                            Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                            Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                            obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                            A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                            (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                            rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                            altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                            St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                            (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                            ---------------------------------------------------
                            Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                            Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                            relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                            Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                            Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                            Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                            aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                            Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                            The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                            (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                            later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                            honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                            also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                            name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                            dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                            Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                            well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                            Farmer, Husenbeth).

                            In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                            statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                            Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                            patron (Farmer).

                            St. Cristiolus of Wales
                            ---------------------------------------------------
                            7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                            churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                            St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                            ---------------------------------------------------
                            6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                            Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                            in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                            St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                            (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                            ---------------------------------------------------
                            Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                            bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                            St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                            ---------------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                            educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                            due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                            St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                            -------------------------------------------------

                            November 3 is also the feastday of the founder of the monastery of
                            Reichenau -Pirminius - whose birthplace is still the subject of debate among
                            scholars today. One tradition is that he was an Irishman, and in the article
                            below, reproduced from the Irish Ecclesiastical Record of 1894, Father J.F.
                            Hogan, champions this claim. Please refer to the original volume to consult
                            the footnotes to this text. Whatver the truth about the national origins of
                            Saint Pirminius, the article is worth reading for the information it
                            contains on the monastery of Reichenau and its famous sons.

                            http://brigid-undertheoak.blogspot.com/2009/11/saint-pirminius-of-reichenau-iris\
                            h.html


                            St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                            -------------------------------------------------

                            He was appointed successor to St. Mochaemhog (Latin name Pulcherius) who
                            founded the monastery at Anatrim. The details of this succession are
                            recorded in the Life of Pulcherius:

                            "St. Pulcherius, with his monks, came to a place by name Enachtruim, which
                            is in the Slieve Bloom, in the territory of the Leixians, and began to build
                            a church there. But a certain wordly-given man came to him saying: 'Do not
                            labour here in vain, because this place will not be yours.' St. Pulcherius
                            answered him saying: 'Now I will remain here till some one taking hold of my
                            hand shall seize me and expel me by force.' Then the other took hold of the
                            holy man's hand with the intention of forcing him away. As he did so, St.
                            Pulcherius said to him: 'By what name are you called, O man?" He answered:
                            'My name is Bronach' (which, in Latin. is equivalent to tristis). The holy
                            man replied: 'You have an appropriate name, for you shall be sad here and
                            hereafter. Now you and your generation, by the will of God, will be expelled
                            hence by the chief of this district, but I shall be in this place until a
                            man of God, by name Coemhan, will come to me; to him I will leave this
                            place, he shall be surnamed from it, and here shall be his resurrection.'
                            The man hearing this prophecy, and conscious of his guiltiness towards his
                            chief, withdrew in anger, and without contrition for the insult he had
                            offered [the saint], and forthwith everything fell out with him as the holy
                            man had predicted. And when St. Coemhan came thither to St. Pulcherius, the
                            latter left the place to him, and he remained here in great sanctity till
                            his death: but St. Pulcherius proceeded to the district of Munster."
                            AA. SS. Hib. p. 586, March 13.


                            St. Coemhan or "Kavan," to whom Anatrim was thus committed, was probably a
                            native of the County Wicklow, and was certainly a member of what may, with
                            reason, be called a family of Saints. He was brother or step-brother of (1)
                            the great St. Caoimhghin or Kevin of Glendalough, who died in 618, aged, it
                            is said, 120 years; (2) St. Nathchoemhi or Mo-Chuemhin, Abbot of Terryglass,
                            in Lower Ormond; (3) St. Coemola or Melda, mother of St. Abban the younger,
                            which latter was born about 520; and of (4) St. Coeltighearna, mother of (a)
                            St. Dagan of Ennereilly, Co. Wicklow; (b) St. Molibba, Abbot and Bishop of
                            Glendalough; (c) St. Menocus or Enanus of Glenealy, Co. Wicklow, and (d) St.
                            Mobhai. In early life, St. Coemhan, with his brother, St. Nathchoemhi, and
                            St. Fintan of Clonenagh, received his religious training in St. Columba's
                            Monastery of Terryglass. The date of his death must be somewhere about the
                            year 600. The Martyrology of Donegal thus commemorates him on his feast day,
                            Nov. 3rd:
                            "Caemhan of Eanach-truim, in Laoighis, in the west of Leinster. He was of
                            the race of Labhraidh Lorc, monarch of Erin, and brother of Caoimhghin of
                            Gleann-da-locha.

                            The Calendar of Aengus, on the same day, has:

                            "The day of Coemhan of Eanach."

                            On which passage the scholiast of Aengus comments

                            "That is, Coemhan of Eanach truim in Laighis in Leinster, the brother of
                            Coemgin of Glendalough Coemlog was their father's name and Coemgel their
                            mother's, and Natcaim of Tir-da-glass [was] their brother as is aforesaid."

                            The annals of Anatrim monastery, from the time of St. Coemhan, are a perfect
                            blank. The monks probably held on here till the 12th century, when they
                            either became extinct or were set aside, and their chapel was handed over to
                            the secular clergy.

                            Source: Carrigan "The History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory" Vol.
                            2 (1905)

                            http://www.irishmidlandsancestry.com/content/laois/community/parishhistories/cam\
                            ross_parish.htm




                            St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                            ---------------------------------------------------
                            A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                            and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                            beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                            spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                            i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                            some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                            Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                            now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                            (Uriconium).

                            From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                            East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                            Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                            close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                            finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                            this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                            anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                            and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                            however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                            living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                            hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                            Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                            The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                            by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                            http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                            Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                            by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                            http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                            ....With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                            century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                            However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                            Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                            the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                            certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                            his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                            Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                            London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                            Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                            of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                            monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                            particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                            Tysilio.

                            St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                            Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                            the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                            on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                            become a monk.

                            Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                            Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                            ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                            replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                            Lives kindly supplied by:
                            For All the Saints:
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                            Message 13 of 14 , Nov 4, 2012
                            • 0 Attachment
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                              * St. Winifred of Holywell
                              * St. Vulganius of Arras
                              * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                              * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                              * St. Elerius of Wales
                              * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                              * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                              * St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                              * St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                              * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                              St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                              (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                              Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                              ---------------------------------------------------------------
                              Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                              equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                              the written information is too late to be reliable.

                              Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                              king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                              saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                              this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                              eagerness.

                              She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                              she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                              parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                              choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                              Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                              Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                              with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                              preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                              to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                              was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                              Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                              first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                              escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                              the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                              some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                              along the valley.

                              Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                              to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                              angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                              Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                              immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                              feet.

                              The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                              and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                              to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                              fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                              blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                              many years thereafter.

                              The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                              succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                              having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                              established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                              holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                              succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                              the site.)

                              She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                              from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                              Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                              spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                              Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                              Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                              be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                              lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                              as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                              At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                              that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                              less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                              No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                              divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                              who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                              Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                              ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                              authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                              that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                              Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                              mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                              this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                              the pilgrimages were revived.

                              Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                              and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                              Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                              There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                              of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                              legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                              Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                              supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                              have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                              In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                              her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                              and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                              Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                              standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                              She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                              Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                              Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                              Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                              Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                              Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                              prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                              made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                              God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                              never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                              souls may be saved.

                              A couple of books on St Winifred available at the Internet Archive:

                              1. Philip Leigh, The Life and Miracles of St Wenefride (1874)
                              This is a reprint of a 1712 translation of the Life of St Wenefride written
                              by Robert of Shrewsbury. The language has (thankfully) been modernized. The
                              book includes a number of prayers and a hymn to the saint, plus a Litany as
                              used by Catholic pilgrims to the shrine.
                              http://www.archive.org/details/lifeandmiracles01winegoog

                              2. Thomas Swift, S.J. (ed), The Life of St Winefride, Virgin and Martyr,
                              based on the Acts of the Bollandist Fathers (1888)
                              http://www.archive.org/details/lifeofsaintwinef00swifuoft


                              Icon of Saint Winefred:
                              http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                              Holywell - Clwyd
                              by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                              http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                              Winifred's Well:
                              http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                              http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                              http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                              http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                              is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                              a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                              chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                              October.

                              "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                              Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                              St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                              ---------------------------------------------------
                              Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                              (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                              Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                              Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                              obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                              A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                              (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                              rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                              altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                              St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                              (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                              ---------------------------------------------------
                              Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                              Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                              relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                              Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                              Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                              Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                              aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                              Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                              The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                              (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                              later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                              honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                              also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                              name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                              dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                              Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                              well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                              Farmer, Husenbeth).

                              In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                              statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                              Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                              patron (Farmer).

                              St. Cristiolus of Wales
                              ---------------------------------------------------
                              7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                              churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                              St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                              ---------------------------------------------------
                              6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                              Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                              in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                              St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                              (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                              ---------------------------------------------------
                              Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                              bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                              St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                              ---------------------------------------------------
                              Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                              educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                              due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                              St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                              -------------------------------------------------

                              November 3 is also the feastday of the founder of the monastery of
                              Reichenau -Pirminius - whose birthplace is still the subject of debate among
                              scholars today. One tradition is that he was an Irishman, and in the article
                              below, reproduced from the Irish Ecclesiastical Record of 1894, Father J.F.
                              Hogan, champions this claim. Please refer to the original volume to consult
                              the footnotes to this text. Whatver the truth about the national origins of
                              Saint Pirminius, the article is worth reading for the information it
                              contains on the monastery of Reichenau and its famous sons.

                              http://brigid-undertheoak.blogspot.com/2009/11/saint-pirminius-of-reichenau-iris\
                              \
                              h.html


                              St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                              -------------------------------------------------

                              He was appointed successor to St. Mochaemhog (Latin name Pulcherius) who
                              founded the monastery at Anatrim. The details of this succession are
                              recorded in the Life of Pulcherius:

                              "St. Pulcherius, with his monks, came to a place by name Enachtruim, which
                              is in the Slieve Bloom, in the territory of the Leixians, and began to build
                              a church there. But a certain wordly-given man came to him saying: 'Do not
                              labour here in vain, because this place will not be yours.' St. Pulcherius
                              answered him saying: 'Now I will remain here till some one taking hold of my
                              hand shall seize me and expel me by force.' Then the other took hold of the
                              holy man's hand with the intention of forcing him away. As he did so, St.
                              Pulcherius said to him: 'By what name are you called, O man?" He answered:
                              'My name is Bronach' (which, in Latin. is equivalent to tristis). The holy
                              man replied: 'You have an appropriate name, for you shall be sad here and
                              hereafter. Now you and your generation, by the will of God, will be expelled
                              hence by the chief of this district, but I shall be in this place until a
                              man of God, by name Coemhan, will come to me; to him I will leave this
                              place, he shall be surnamed from it, and here shall be his resurrection.'
                              The man hearing this prophecy, and conscious of his guiltiness towards his
                              chief, withdrew in anger, and without contrition for the insult he had
                              offered [the saint], and forthwith everything fell out with him as the holy
                              man had predicted. And when St. Coemhan came thither to St. Pulcherius, the
                              latter left the place to him, and he remained here in great sanctity till
                              his death: but St. Pulcherius proceeded to the district of Munster."
                              AA. SS. Hib. p. 586, March 13.


                              St. Coemhan or "Kavan," to whom Anatrim was thus committed, was probably a
                              native of the County Wicklow, and was certainly a member of what may, with
                              reason, be called a family of Saints. He was brother or step-brother of (1)
                              the great St. Caoimhghin or Kevin of Glendalough, who died in 618, aged, it
                              is said, 120 years; (2) St. Nathchoemhi or Mo-Chuemhin, Abbot of Terryglass,
                              in Lower Ormond; (3) St. Coemola or Melda, mother of St. Abban the younger,
                              which latter was born about 520; and of (4) St. Coeltighearna, mother of (a)
                              St. Dagan of Ennereilly, Co. Wicklow; (b) St. Molibba, Abbot and Bishop of
                              Glendalough; (c) St. Menocus or Enanus of Glenealy, Co. Wicklow, and (d) St.
                              Mobhai. In early life, St. Coemhan, with his brother, St. Nathchoemhi, and
                              St. Fintan of Clonenagh, received his religious training in St. Columba's
                              Monastery of Terryglass. The date of his death must be somewhere about the
                              year 600. The Martyrology of Donegal thus commemorates him on his feast day,
                              Nov. 3rd:
                              "Caemhan of Eanach-truim, in Laoighis, in the west of Leinster. He was of
                              the race of Labhraidh Lorc, monarch of Erin, and brother of Caoimhghin of
                              Gleann-da-locha.

                              The Calendar of Aengus, on the same day, has:

                              "The day of Coemhan of Eanach."

                              On which passage the scholiast of Aengus comments

                              "That is, Coemhan of Eanach truim in Laighis in Leinster, the brother of
                              Coemgin of Glendalough Coemlog was their father's name and Coemgel their
                              mother's, and Natcaim of Tir-da-glass [was] their brother as is aforesaid."

                              The annals of Anatrim monastery, from the time of St. Coemhan, are a perfect
                              blank. The monks probably held on here till the 12th century, when they
                              either became extinct or were set aside, and their chapel was handed over to
                              the secular clergy.

                              Source: Carrigan "The History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory" Vol.
                              2 (1905)

                              http://www.irishmidlandsancestry.com/content/laois/community/parishhistories/cam\
                              \
                              ross_parish.htm




                              St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                              ---------------------------------------------------
                              A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                              and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                              beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                              spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                              i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                              some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                              Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                              now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                              (Uriconium).

                              From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                              East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                              Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                              close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                              finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                              this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                              anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                              and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                              however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                              living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                              hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                              Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                              The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                              by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                              http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                              Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                              by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                              http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                              .....With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                              century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                              However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                              Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                              the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                              certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                              his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                              Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                              London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                              Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                              of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                              monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                              particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                              Tysilio.

                              St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                              Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                              the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                              on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                              become a monk.

                              Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                              Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                              ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                              replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                              Lives kindly supplied by:
                              For All the Saints:
                              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                              These Lives are archived at:
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                            • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Winifred of Holywell * St. Vulganius of Arras * St. Rumwald
                              Message 14 of 14 , Nov 2, 2013
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                                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 November

                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                                * St. Winifred of Holywell
                                * St. Vulganius of Arras
                                * St. Rumwald of Brackley
                                * St. Cristiolus of Wales
                                * St. Elerius of Wales
                                * St. Tanglen of Scotland
                                * St. Guenhael of Landevenec
                                * St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                                * St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                                * St. Gwyddfarch of Moel yr Ancr
                                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                                St. Gwenvrewi of Holywell, Abbess of Denbighshire, Wales
                                (Winefride, Winifred, Winefride, Wenefrida,
                                Gwenfrewi, Guinevra)
                                ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                Died c. 680. Winifred is evidently an historical personage, but it is
                                equally true that her true story can no longer be reconstructed because
                                the written information is too late to be reliable.

                                Winefred was the daughter of Trevith, one of the chief advisers of the
                                king of North Wales. Through her mother she is related to the Welsh
                                saint Beuno, a holy priest. Her parents put her under instruction with
                                this holy man, from whom she learned the heavenly doctrine with great
                                eagerness.

                                She grew daily in virtue and desired to shun all earthly things so that
                                she might devote herself entirely to God. With the consent of her
                                parents, she consecrated herself entirely to God by a vow of virginity,
                                choosing Jesus Christ as her Spouse.

                                Tradition says that a prince of that country named Caradoc (Caradog of
                                Hawarden or Penarlag or Tegeingl in Flintshire) fell violently in love
                                with her. One day finding her alone in the house where she was
                                preparing things for use at the altar, her parents having already gone
                                to the church service, he tried to seduce her. Winefred told him she
                                was already espoused to another, but he would not leave her alone.

                                Sensing his evil designs she excused herself on the plea that she must
                                first adorn herself more becomingly. When she was free of him she
                                escaped through her own chamber at the rear of the house and fled toward
                                the church with all speed. The prince, tired of waiting and suspecting
                                some kind of deceit, looking out of the house saw a figure hurrying
                                along the valley.

                                Violently angry at being deceived, he mounted his horse but was not able
                                to overtake Winefred until she reached the door of the church. He was so
                                angry that he raised his sword and struck her before she could enter.
                                Hearing the tumult outside, Saint Beuno and her parents came out
                                immediately, to find their dying child lying slain before them at their
                                feet.

                                The saint cursed the slayer, some writers saying that the ground opened
                                and swallowed him up. The saint then praying to God, restored Winefred
                                to life again. It was on this spot where her blood had flowed that a
                                fountain gushed forth from the ground. On account of this
                                blood-shedding she was always regarded as a martyr, though she lived for
                                many years thereafter.

                                The spot became known as Holywell, a place of pilgrimage for many
                                succeeding ages, even to the present. After the death of Saint Beuno,
                                having taken the veil, Saint Winefred went to live at the convent she
                                established at Guthurin (Gwytherin in Denbigshire); there, with other
                                holy virgins, she gave her life to God. (Another version says she
                                succeeded Abbess Tenoi at the convent of a double monastery already on
                                the site.)

                                She died on June 24. In the 12th century (1138), her relics were taken
                                from Guthurin to Shrewsbury and deposited with great honour in the
                                Benedictine Abbey, founded there some 50 years earlier. Her cultus
                                spread to England as well. Miracles were attested at Guthurin,
                                Shrewsbury, as well as at Holywell (a.k.a. Treffynnon, Welltown).

                                Her story was recorded by a monk named Elerius as early as 660. It can
                                be safely said, however, from the names of her contemporaries, that she
                                lived and died in the first half of the 7th century, about the same time
                                as Saint Eanswith of Kent (Murray).

                                At Holywell such vast quantities of water spring without interruption
                                that it is estimated 24 tons are raised every minute, or 240 tons in
                                less than 10 minutes. The water is always clear as crystal.

                                No place was more famous for pilgrimages in the age of faith, where the
                                divine mercy was implored through the intercession of Saint Winefred,
                                who at that spot had glorified God and sanctified her own soul.

                                Many extraordinary physical cures of leprosy, skin diseases, and other
                                ailments are recorded up to the time of the wicked Reformation. Many
                                authentic records of cures during the 17th century are also extant, so
                                that the people still made pilgrimages there.

                                Part of the beautiful Gothic building erected by Henry VII and his
                                mother, the Countess of Derby, still remains. The people never forgot
                                this holy place or the saint whom they invoked. During the last century
                                the pilgrimages were revived.

                                Pilgrimages to Saint Winefred's Well persisted after the Reformation,
                                and they do to this day. Two poems of Gerard Manley
                                Hopkins are devoted to this saint.

                                There is evidence that the abbot Saint Beuno (f.d. April 21) was a man
                                of importance, but is story, too, as written in 1346, is
                                legendary. His name is particularly associated with Clynnog in
                                Caernarvonshire, where sick people were still brought to his
                                supposed burying-place towards the end of the 18th century. He may well
                                have had a small monastery there (Attwater).

                                In art Winefred is depicted as a Celtic maiden with a sword, fountain at
                                her feet, and red ring around her neck where her head has been severed
                                and restored. Sometimes she is shown with her head being restored by
                                Saint Beuno, at others as an abbess with a ring around her neck,
                                standing near the fountain (Roeder).

                                She is venerated at Holywell, Wales. Reputed as abbess of Gwytherin,
                                Denbighshire. Saint Beuno, Abbot, is chiefly venerated at Clynnog,
                                Carnarvonshire (d. 630). (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney,
                                Encyclopaedia, Metcalf, Murray).

                                Troparion of St Winefred tone 8
                                Caradog's anger struck off thy head, O pious Winefred,/ but by the
                                prayers of the Wonderworker Beuno thy mutilated form was miraculously
                                made whole and restored to life./ As thou didst dedicate thy life to
                                God's service in thanksgiving for His abundant mercy,/ pray that we,
                                never forgetting His mercy towards us, may live only for Him that our
                                souls may be saved.

                                A couple of books on St Winifred available at the Internet Archive:

                                1. Philip Leigh, The Life and Miracles of St Wenefride (1874)
                                This is a reprint of a 1712 translation of the Life of St Wenefride written
                                by Robert of Shrewsbury. The language has (thankfully) been modernized. The
                                book includes a number of prayers and a hymn to the saint, plus a Litany as
                                used by Catholic pilgrims to the shrine.
                                http://www.archive.org/details/lifeandmiracles01winegoog

                                2. Thomas Swift, S.J. (ed), The Life of St Winefride, Virgin and Martyr,
                                based on the Acts of the Bollandist Fathers (1888)
                                http://www.archive.org/details/lifeofsaintwinef00swifuoft


                                Icon of Saint Winefred:
                                http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Winifred.htm##1

                                Holywell - Clwyd
                                by Roy Fry & Tristan Gray Hulse
                                http://www.bath.ac.uk/lispring/sourcearchive/ns1/ns1tgh2.htm

                                Winifred's Well:
                                http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/StWinefride/Pamphlet.htm
                                http://britannia.com/celtic/wales/sacred/winifred.html
                                http://www.britannia.com/travel/barbaraballard/winifred.html

                                http://castlewales.com/abbeys.html
                                is a nice site of religious sites in Wales with some good pictures. Have
                                a look especially at the link to St Winefride's well, the little chantry
                                chapel above the well is where the annual Orthodox pilgrimage is held in
                                October.

                                "The Lives and Miracles of St. Winifred of Holywell and Shrewsbury."
                                Translated by Hugh Feiss, OSB. Toronto: Peregrina Publishing Co, 1999.



                                St. Vulganius (Wulganus, Vulmar) of Arras, Hermit
                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                Died c. 704. Saint Vulganius was an Irishman, Welshman, or Englishman
                                (according to a manuscript at Lens he was born at
                                Canterbury) who crossed over to France and evangelized the Atrebati.
                                Finally he lived as a hermit at Arras, under the
                                obedience of the abbot of Saint Vedast. Some refer to him as a bishop.
                                A portion of his relics are kept at the abbey of Liesse, others at Lens
                                (near Douai) of which he is patron. A claim was made that his body
                                rested at Christ Church in Canterbury "in a chest on the beam beyond the
                                altar of Saint Stephen." (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                                St. Rumwold, Infant Prince of Northumbria
                                (Rumwald, Rumbald)
                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                Born at Sutton (King's Sutton, Northants); date unknown; feast day at
                                Brackley was August 28 (probably the date of the translation of his
                                relics). Saint Rumwald, whose shrine existed at Buckingham before the
                                Norman Conquest, was said to be the maternal grandson of King Penda of
                                Mercia and the son of a pagan prince of Northumbria. His 11th-century
                                Life relates that, in 650, the 3-day-old prince pronounced the creed
                                aloud immediately after his baptism, preached a sermon on the Holy
                                Trinity and the need for virtuous living, and then died.

                                The year following his death, his relics were moved by Bishop Widerin
                                (who had baptized him) to Brackley in Northamptonshire. Two years
                                later, his bones were again translated to Buckingham. Rumwald was
                                honoured with a cultus, chiefly in Northantshire and Buckingham. He was
                                also revered at monasteries in Mercia, Wessex, and Sweden; however, his
                                name is omitted from monastic calendars after 1100. Churches were
                                dedicated to his memory in Kent, Essex, Northantshire, Lincolnshire,
                                Dorset, and North Yorkshire (where there is also a Romaldkirk). The
                                well of Saint Rumwald survives at Alstrop, Northantshire (Benedictines,
                                Farmer, Husenbeth).

                                In art he is shown in the midst of this miraculous act (Roeder). A
                                statue of Rumwald at Boxley in Kent was destroyed during the
                                Reformation. He is invoked by the fishermen of Folkestone as their
                                patron (Farmer).

                                St. Cristiolus of Wales
                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                7th century. Brother of Saint Sulian (f.d. September 1) and founder of
                                churches in Pembrokeshire and Anglesey (Benedictines).


                                St. Elerius, Prior in North Wales
                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                6th century. A Welsh saint, mentioned in the legends concerning Saint
                                Winefred (f.d. today). He is supposed to have presided over a monastery
                                in northern Wales (Benedictines).


                                St. Englat, Abbot of Tarves, Scotland
                                (Englatiis, Tanglen)
                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                Died 966. The Scottish Saint Englatius, said by some to have been a
                                bishop, lived at Tarves in Aberdeenshire (Benedictines).


                                St. Guenhael of Landevenec, Abbot
                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                Died c. 550. Guenhael, meaning "white angel," was born in Brittany and
                                educated at Landevenec under Saint Winwaloe (Guenole, f.d. March 3). In
                                due course he became abbot there (Benedictines).


                                St. Pirminius of Reichenau
                                -------------------------------------------------

                                November 3 is also the feastday of the founder of the monastery of
                                Reichenau -Pirminius - whose birthplace is still the subject of debate among
                                scholars today. One tradition is that he was an Irishman, and in the article
                                below, reproduced from the Irish Ecclesiastical Record of 1894, Father J.F.
                                Hogan, champions this claim. Please refer to the original volume to consult
                                the footnotes to this text. Whatver the truth about the national origins of
                                Saint Pirminius, the article is worth reading for the information it
                                contains on the monastery of Reichenau and its famous sons.

                                http://brigid-undertheoak.blogspot.com/2009/11/saint-pirminius-of-reichenau-iris\
                                \
                                h.html


                                St. Coemhan of Anatrim
                                -------------------------------------------------

                                He was appointed successor to St. Mochaemhog (Latin name Pulcherius) who
                                founded the monastery at Anatrim. The details of this succession are
                                recorded in the Life of Pulcherius:

                                "St. Pulcherius, with his monks, came to a place by name Enachtruim, which
                                is in the Slieve Bloom, in the territory of the Leixians, and began to build
                                a church there. But a certain wordly-given man came to him saying: 'Do not
                                labour here in vain, because this place will not be yours.' St. Pulcherius
                                answered him saying: 'Now I will remain here till some one taking hold of my
                                hand shall seize me and expel me by force.' Then the other took hold of the
                                holy man's hand with the intention of forcing him away. As he did so, St.
                                Pulcherius said to him: 'By what name are you called, O man?" He answered:
                                'My name is Bronach' (which, in Latin. is equivalent to tristis). The holy
                                man replied: 'You have an appropriate name, for you shall be sad here and
                                hereafter. Now you and your generation, by the will of God, will be expelled
                                hence by the chief of this district, but I shall be in this place until a
                                man of God, by name Coemhan, will come to me; to him I will leave this
                                place, he shall be surnamed from it, and here shall be his resurrection.'
                                The man hearing this prophecy, and conscious of his guiltiness towards his
                                chief, withdrew in anger, and without contrition for the insult he had
                                offered [the saint], and forthwith everything fell out with him as the holy
                                man had predicted. And when St. Coemhan came thither to St. Pulcherius, the
                                latter left the place to him, and he remained here in great sanctity till
                                his death: but St. Pulcherius proceeded to the district of Munster."
                                AA. SS. Hib. p. 586, March 13.


                                St. Coemhan or "Kavan," to whom Anatrim was thus committed, was probably a
                                native of the County Wicklow, and was certainly a member of what may, with
                                reason, be called a family of Saints. He was brother or step-brother of (1)
                                the great St. Caoimhghin or Kevin of Glendalough, who died in 618, aged, it
                                is said, 120 years; (2) St. Nathchoemhi or Mo-Chuemhin, Abbot of Terryglass,
                                in Lower Ormond; (3) St. Coemola or Melda, mother of St. Abban the younger,
                                which latter was born about 520; and of (4) St. Coeltighearna, mother of (a)
                                St. Dagan of Ennereilly, Co. Wicklow; (b) St. Molibba, Abbot and Bishop of
                                Glendalough; (c) St. Menocus or Enanus of Glenealy, Co. Wicklow, and (d) St.
                                Mobhai. In early life, St. Coemhan, with his brother, St. Nathchoemhi, and
                                St. Fintan of Clonenagh, received his religious training in St. Columba's
                                Monastery of Terryglass. The date of his death must be somewhere about the
                                year 600. The Martyrology of Donegal thus commemorates him on his feast day,
                                Nov. 3rd:
                                "Caemhan of Eanach-truim, in Laoighis, in the west of Leinster. He was of
                                the race of Labhraidh Lorc, monarch of Erin, and brother of Caoimhghin of
                                Gleann-da-locha.

                                The Calendar of Aengus, on the same day, has:

                                "The day of Coemhan of Eanach."

                                On which passage the scholiast of Aengus comments

                                "That is, Coemhan of Eanach truim in Laighis in Leinster, the brother of
                                Coemgin of Glendalough Coemlog was their father's name and Coemgel their
                                mother's, and Natcaim of Tir-da-glass [was] their brother as is aforesaid."

                                The annals of Anatrim monastery, from the time of St. Coemhan, are a perfect
                                blank. The monks probably held on here till the 12th century, when they
                                either became extinct or were set aside, and their chapel was handed over to
                                the secular clergy.

                                Source: Carrigan "The History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory" Vol.
                                2 (1905)

                                http://www.irishmidlandsancestry.com/content/laois/community/parishhistories/cam\
                                \
                                ross_parish.htm




                                St. Gwyddfarch, Hermit of Moel yr Ancr, Wales
                                ---------------------------------------------------
                                A number of ascetics chose the tops of hills. One such was the hermit
                                and monastic founder St Gwyddfarch. We know little about his early life
                                beyond the fact that he was part of the community founded by his
                                spiritual father, St Llywelyn at Trallwng (Tre = town, Llwng = Llywelyn,
                                i.e. Llywelyn's Town), now know in English as Welshpool. This was at
                                some point during the sixth century. It was part of the "Eastern
                                Mission" i.e. the influx of Christian Britons into Wales from what is
                                now Shropshire and probably in particular from the town of Wroxeter
                                (Uriconium).

                                From Trallwng Gwyddfarch set out into rather wilder country to the North
                                East and settled in the Vyrnwy Valley near to the present-day village of
                                Meifod. Above this valley is a solitary, steep-sided hill and it was
                                close to the summit of this that Gwyddfarch built his cell, lived and
                                finally died. It was here that he was buried and he is still there to
                                this day. The hill is now known as Moel yr Ancr (the bald hill of the
                                anchorite). Looking at the setting today it is astonishingly beautiful
                                and pastoral and shows little signs of being a desert. In winter,
                                however, when there is a cold East wind one can better appreciate that
                                living on the top of that hill surrounded by wolf-infested woods was
                                hard, cold and uncomfortable - not so far off the deserts of North
                                Africa! St Gwyddfarch is commemorated on November 3rd.

                                The above is from " The Deserts of Britain"
                                by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                                http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/deserts.htm

                                Additional information from "History of the Church of the Holy Fathers"
                                by Fr Stephen Maxfield
                                http://www.shorthodox.freeserve.co.uk/History.htm

                                ....With the withdrawal of the legions at the beginning of the fifth
                                century a period of considerable political instability followed.
                                However Viroconium continued to flourish for some time. For instance St
                                Germanus of Auxerre came to Britain to counter
                                the teachings of the heresiarch Pelagius in 429 and again in 447. He
                                certainly visited Viroconium, indeed it seems to have been the base for
                                his mission into what is now mid and north Wales: The last British
                                Archbishop of London, Theonas (Teon) fled to Viroconium in 586 when
                                London fell to the pagan Saxons. The range of hills known now as the
                                Stiperstones are called, in Welsh, Carneddi Teon in memory of him. Some
                                of Teon's disciples, including his grandson St Llywelyn, started a
                                monastery at Welshpool, and their mission helped convert mid Wales
                                particularly through the work of their disciples Sts Gwyddfarch and
                                Tysilio.

                                St. Tysilio (born c.548-640) (Latin-Disilius, English-Tysilio) was
                                Prince Tyslio (or Sulio) was the second son of Brochfael Ysgythrog (of
                                the Tusks). He fled his father's court at an early age to throw himself
                                on the mercy of Abbot Gwyddfarch of Caer-Meguaidd (Meifod) and beg to
                                become a monk.

                                Caer-Meguaidd may be Meifod, the court of the Kings of Powys at the
                                Manor of Mathrafal from around 750 or before. The place was also a major
                                ecclesiastical centre. St.Gwyddfarch built the original church which was
                                replaced by St.Tyslio in about 625. <Nennius, 28 British Cities>


                                These Lives are archived at:
                                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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