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3 September

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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ewald the Fair and St. Ewald the Dark
    Message 1 of 2 , Oct 1, 2000
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 September

      * St. Ewald the Fair and St. Ewald the Dark

      St. Ewald the Fair and St. Ewald the Dark (+695)
      of Northumbria, Missionary Priests and Martyrs
      in Germanys.

      Martyrs in Old Saxony about 695. They were two priests and natives of
      Northumbria, England. Both bore the same name, but were distinguished as
      Ewald the Black and Ewald the Fair, from the difference in the colour of
      their hair and complexions.

      According to the example of many at that time, they spent several years
      as students in the schools of Ireland. Ewald the Black was the more
      learned of the two, but both were equally renowned for holiness of life.
      They were apparently acquainted with St. Willibrord, the Apostle of
      Friesland, and were animated with his zeal for the conversion of the
      Germans. Indeed, by some they have been actually numbered among the
      eleven companions of that saint, but it is more probable they did not
      set out from England till after St. Willibrord's departure. They entered
      upon their mission about 690. The scene of their labours was the country
      of the ancient Saxons, now part of Westphalia.

      At first the Ewalds took up their abode in the house of the steward of a
      certain Saxon earl or ealdormen (satrapa). The Venerable Bede remarks
      that "the old Saxons have no king, but they are governed by several
      ealdormen [satrapas] who during war cast lots for leadership, but who in
      time of peace are equal in power" (Hist. Eccl., V, 10). The steward
      entertained his two guests for several days, and promised to conduct
      them to the chieftain, as they affirmed they had a message of
      considerable importance to deliver to him.

      Meanwhile, the Ewalds omitted nothing of their religious exercises. They
      prayed often, recited the canonical hours, and they carried with them
      all that was necessary for the Holy Sacrifice. The pagan Saxons,
      understanding from these things that they had Christian priests and
      missionaries in their midst, began to suspect that their aim was to
      convert their over-lord, and
      thus destroy their temples and their religion. Inflamed with jealousy
      and anger, they resolved that the Ewalds should die. Ewald the Fair they
      quickly despatched with the sword, but Ewald the Black they subjected to
      torture, because he was the spokesman and showed greater boldness. He
      was torn limb from limb, after which the two bodies were cast into the
      Rhine. This is understood to have happened on 3 October at a place
      called Aplerbeck, where a chapel still stands.

      When the ealdorman heard of what had been done he was exceedingly angry,
      and took vengeance by ordering the murderers to be put to death and
      their village to be destroyed by fire. Meanwhile the martyred bodies
      were miraculously carried against the stream up the Rhine, for the space
      of forty miles, to the place in which the companions of the Ewalds were
      residing. As they floated along, a heavenly light, like a column of
      fire, was seen to shine above them. Even the murderers are said to have
      witnessed the miraculous brightness. Moreover, one of the martyrs
      appeared in vision to the monk Tilmon (a companion of the Ewalds), and
      told him where the bodies would be found: "that the spot would be there
      where he should see a pillar of light reaching from earth to heaven".
      Tilmon arose and found the bodies, and interred them with the honours
      due to martyrs. From that time onwards, the memory of the Ewalds was
      annually celebrated in those parts. A spring of water is said to have
      gushed forth in the place of the martyrdom.

      Pepin, Duke of Austrasia, having heard of the wonders that had occurred,
      caused the bodies to be translated to Cologne, where they were solemnly
      enshrined in the collegiate church of St. Cunibert. The heads of the
      martyrs were bestowed on Frederick, Bishop of Munster, by Archbishop
      Anno of Cologne, at the opening of the shrine in 1074. These relics were
      probably destroyed by the Anabaptists in 1534.

      The two Ewalds are honoured as patron saints of Westphalia.

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    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. MacNisse of Connor * St. Balin of Techsaxon * St. Cuthburga
      Message 2 of 2 , Sep 2, 2009
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 September

        * St. MacNisse of Connor
        * St. Balin of Techsaxon
        * St. Cuthburga of Wimborne
        * St. Quenburga of Wimborne
        * St. Hereswitha of Chelles
        * St. Edward of England
        * St. Lon-garadh
        * St. Gregory the Great (see #2)

        St. MacNisse, Bishop of Connor, Dalriada
        (Macnisius, Aengus McNisse. Macanisius)

        Died 506-514. Saint MacNisse, a disciple of Saint Olean (Bolcan?), was
        said to have been baptized as an infant by Saint Patrick. After MacNisse
        made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Rome, Patrick consecrated him the
        first abbot-bishop of Kells, which became the diocese of Connor,
        Ireland. His life is filled with miracles, such as changing the course
        of a river for the convenience of his monks and rescuing a child about
        to be executed for his father's crime by causing him to be carried by
        the wind from the executioners to his arms. Various ancient lists record
        different dates for his death (Benedictines, Delaney, Husenbeth,

        Troparion of St MacNis tone 8
        Having learned thy faith from Ireland Enlightener, O holy MacNis,/ thou
        didst found a shining beacon of the True Faith, the Monastery of Kells,/
        from which was bequeathed to Christ's church a treasure of piety and
        wonder, which is with us to this day./ Inspired by thine example, O
        Saint, we beseech thee to intercede with Christ our God/ that we may be
        given grace to
        follow thee in the way of salvation.

        St. Balin (Ballon, Balanus) of Techsaxon
        7th century. Handsome, well-loved Saint Balin was the brother of Saint
        Gerald, one of four sons of an Anglo-Saxon king. The four accompanied
        Saint Colman of Lindisfarne to Iona, then retired to Connaught, where
        they settled at Tecsaxono (the house of Saxons) in the diocese of Tuam
        (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).

        St. Cuthburga of Wimborne, Widow and Abbess
        Died c. 725; feast day also on August 31. Saint Cuthburga, sister to
        Saint Quenburga and King Ina of Wessex, married the learned and pious
        King Aldfrid of Northumbria in 688. After bearing him two sons, Aldfrid
        gave Cuthburga permission to enter religious life. She became a nun at
        Barking monastery under the direction of Saint Hildelith, and then in
        705 with her sister Saint Quenburga, she founded the double monastery at
        Wimborne in Dorset and governed it as abbess. The convent was strictly
        cloistered. Saint Lioba, who was formed by Cuthburga, reports that even
        prelates were forbidden to enter the nuns' quarters; Cuthburga would
        communicate with them through a little hatch. Hagiographers describe
        Cuthburga as austere with herself, kind to others, and steadfast in
        prayer and fasting. This convent produced the band of missionary nuns
        who helped evangelize Germany (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).

        St. Quenburga (Coenburga) of Wimborne
        Died c. 735. Saint Quenburga, Saint Cuthburga, and the future King Ina
        of Wessex were the children of Cenred, a lord of Wessex. The two sisters
        founded Wimborne Abbey in Dorset about 705. Although it was a double
        (and possibly, triple) abbey, it was intended primarily for nuns.
        Cuthburga was its first abbess. Wimborne was important for having
        produced Saints Lioba and Thecla, who were among the many religious who
        assisted Saint Boniface in his efforts to evangelize Germany (Farmer).

        St. Hereswitha of Chelles, Widow
        Died c. 690. Princess Hereswitha of Northumbria was the sister of Saint
        Hilda and mother of Saints Sexburga, Ethelburga, and Withburga. She
        spent her golden years as a nun in Chelles convent in France

        Translation of the Relics of St. Edward, King of England and Martyr,
        to the Church of Saint Edward at Brookwood, Near Guildford

        Troparion for St Edward the Martyr tone 4
        Celebrating the newly manifest commemoration of the holy King Edward,
        who shone forth of old in the virtues and suffered undeservedly we all
        bow down before the Icon of his honoured countenance and in gladness cry
        out: Truly Thou art wonderful in Thy Saints, O God.

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