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2 March

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
    Message 1 of 13 , Feb 29, 2004
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Chad of Lichfield
      * St. Slebhene of Iona
      * St. Cynibild
      * St. Fergna the White
      * St. Joavan of Leon
      * St. Willeic
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

      The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
      modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
      diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
      church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
      Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
      yet no other had been appointed in his place.

      "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
      whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
      consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
      in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
      the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
      bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

      "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
      to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
      give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
      travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
      apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
      cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
      tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
      of his master and of his brother Cedd."

      During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
      in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
      brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
      Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
      including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

      Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
      Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
      while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
      Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
      know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
      his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
      as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
      Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
      abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
      Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
      remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
      Whitby.

      As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
      named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
      Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
      But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
      the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
      Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
      appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
      his monastery at Ripon.

      When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
      669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
      improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
      humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
      Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
      willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
      undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

      With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
      in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
      with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
      creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
      stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
      of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
      founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
      far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
      foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
      missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

      A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
      were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
      Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
      of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
      they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
      encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
      Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

      He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
      sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
      it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
      experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
      angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
      fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
      great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
      blinded by its brightness.

      In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
      long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
      lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
      was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
      same grace and simplicity.

      In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
      upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
      everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

      Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
      relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
      and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
      his oratory was filled with the sound of
      music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
      near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
      his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
      "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
      Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
      told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
      calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
      keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
      St. Chad's body simply wore out.

      Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
      in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
      angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
      St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
      Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
      became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

      Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
      is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

      In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
      (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
      midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
      leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
      of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

      St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
      http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



      St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
      (Benedictines).

      St. Cynibild
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
      Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
      (Benedictines).


      St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
      whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

      Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
      Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
      thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
      Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

      Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
      In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
      and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
      Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
      same steadfastness in our lives.


      St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
      to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
      episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


      St. Willeic
      -------------------------------------------------------------
      Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
      of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
      this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


      Sources:
      ========

      Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

      Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
      Doubleday Image.

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
      Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      Orthodox Ireland Saints
      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
      Message 2 of 13 , Feb 28, 2005
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Chad of Lichfield
        * St. Slebhene of Iona
        * St. Cynibild
        * St. Fergna the White
        * St. Joavan of Leon
        * St. Willeic
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

        The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
        modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
        diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
        church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
        Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
        yet no other had been appointed in his place.

        "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
        whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
        consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
        in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
        the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
        bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

        "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
        to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
        give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
        travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
        apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
        cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
        tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
        of his master and of his brother Cedd."

        During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
        in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
        brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
        Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
        including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

        Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
        Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
        while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
        Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
        know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
        his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
        as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
        Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
        abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
        Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
        remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
        Whitby.

        As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
        named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
        Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
        But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
        the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
        Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
        appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
        his monastery at Ripon.

        When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
        669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
        improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
        humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
        Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
        willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
        undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

        With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
        in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
        with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
        creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
        stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
        of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
        founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
        far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
        foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
        missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

        A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
        were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
        Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
        of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
        they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
        encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
        Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

        He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
        sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
        it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
        experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
        angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
        fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
        great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
        blinded by its brightness.

        In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
        long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
        lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
        was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
        same grace and simplicity.

        In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
        upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
        everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

        Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
        relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
        and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
        his oratory was filled with the sound of
        music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
        near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
        his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
        "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
        Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
        told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
        calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
        keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
        St. Chad's body simply wore out.

        Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
        in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
        angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
        St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
        Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
        became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

        Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
        is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

        In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
        (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
        midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
        leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
        of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

        St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
        http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



        St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
        (Benedictines).

        St. Cynibild
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
        Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
        (Benedictines).


        St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
        whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

        Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
        Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
        thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
        Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

        Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
        In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
        and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
        Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
        same steadfastness in our lives.


        St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
        to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
        episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


        St. Willeic
        -------------------------------------------------------------
        Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
        of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
        this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


        Sources:
        ========

        Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

        Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
        Penguin Books.

        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
        Doubleday Image.

        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

        Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
        Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        Orthodox Ireland Saints
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
        Message 3 of 13 , Feb 28, 2006
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Chad of Lichfield
          * St. Slebhene of Iona
          * St. Cynibild
          * St. Fergna the White
          * St. Joavan of Leon
          * St. Willeic
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

          The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
          modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
          diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
          church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
          Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
          yet no other had been appointed in his place.

          "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
          whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
          consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
          in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
          the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
          bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

          "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
          to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
          give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
          travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
          apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
          cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
          tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
          of his master and of his brother Cedd."

          During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
          in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
          brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
          Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
          including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

          Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
          Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
          while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
          Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
          know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
          his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
          as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
          Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
          abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
          Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
          remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
          Whitby.

          As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
          named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
          Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
          But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
          the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
          Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
          appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
          his monastery at Ripon.

          When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
          669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
          improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
          humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
          Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
          willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
          undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

          With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
          in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
          with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
          creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
          stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
          of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
          founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
          far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
          foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
          missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

          A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
          were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
          Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
          of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
          they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
          encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
          Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

          He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
          sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
          it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
          experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
          angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
          fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
          great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
          blinded by its brightness.

          In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
          long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
          lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
          was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
          same grace and simplicity.

          In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
          upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
          everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

          Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
          relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
          and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
          his oratory was filled with the sound of
          music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
          near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
          his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
          "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
          Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
          told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
          calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
          keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
          St. Chad's body simply wore out.

          Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
          in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
          angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
          St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
          Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
          became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

          Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
          is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

          In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
          (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
          midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
          leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
          of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

          St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
          http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



          St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
          (Benedictines).

          St. Cynibild
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
          Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
          (Benedictines).


          St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
          whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

          Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
          Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
          thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
          Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

          Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
          In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
          and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
          Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
          same steadfastness in our lives.


          St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
          to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
          episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


          St. Willeic
          -------------------------------------------------------------
          Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
          of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
          this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


          Sources:
          ========

          Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

          Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
          Penguin Books.

          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
          Doubleday Image.

          Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
          Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

          Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
          Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
          Message 4 of 13 , Mar 1, 2007
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Chad of Lichfield
            * St. Slebhene of Iona
            * St. Cynibild
            * St. Fergna the White
            * St. Joavan of Leon
            * St. Willeic
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

            The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
            modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
            diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
            church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
            Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
            yet no other had been appointed in his place.

            "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
            whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
            consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
            in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
            the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
            bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

            "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
            to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
            give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
            travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
            apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
            cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
            tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
            of his master and of his brother Cedd."

            During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
            in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
            brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
            Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
            including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

            Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
            Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
            while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
            Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
            know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
            his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
            as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
            Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
            abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
            Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
            remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
            Whitby.

            As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
            named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
            Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
            But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
            the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
            Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
            appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
            his monastery at Ripon.

            When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
            669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
            improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
            humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
            Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
            willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
            undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

            With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
            in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
            with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
            creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
            stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
            of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
            founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
            far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
            foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
            missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

            A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
            were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
            Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
            of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
            they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
            encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
            Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

            He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
            sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
            it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
            experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
            angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
            fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
            great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
            blinded by its brightness.

            In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
            long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
            lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
            was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
            same grace and simplicity.

            In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
            upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
            everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

            Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
            relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
            and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
            his oratory was filled with the sound of
            music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
            near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
            his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
            "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
            Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
            told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
            calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
            keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
            St. Chad's body simply wore out.

            Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
            in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
            angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
            St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
            Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
            became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

            Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
            is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

            In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
            (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
            midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
            leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
            of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

            St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
            http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



            St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
            (Benedictines).

            St. Cynibild
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
            Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
            (Benedictines).


            St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
            whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

            Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
            Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
            thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
            Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

            Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
            In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
            and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
            Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
            same steadfastness in our lives.


            St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
            to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
            episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


            St. Willeic
            -------------------------------------------------------------
            Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
            of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
            this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


            Sources:
            ========

            Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

            Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
            Penguin Books.

            Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
            Doubleday Image.

            Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
            Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

            Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
            Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
            Message 5 of 13 , Mar 1, 2008
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Chad of Lichfield
              * St. Slebhene of Iona
              * St. Cynibild
              * St. Fergna the White
              * St. Joavan of Leon
              * St. Willeic
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
              -------------------------------------------------------------
              Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

              The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
              modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
              diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
              church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
              Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
              yet no other had been appointed in his place.

              "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
              whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
              consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
              in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
              the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
              bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

              "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
              to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
              give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
              travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
              apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
              cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
              tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
              of his master and of his brother Cedd."

              During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
              in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
              brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
              Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
              including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

              Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
              Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
              while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
              Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
              know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
              his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
              as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
              Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
              abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
              Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
              remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
              Whitby.

              As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
              named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
              Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
              But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
              the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
              Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
              appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
              his monastery at Ripon.

              When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
              669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
              improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
              humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
              Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
              willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
              undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

              With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
              in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
              with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
              creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
              stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
              of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
              founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
              far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
              foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
              missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

              A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
              were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
              Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
              of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
              they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
              encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
              Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

              He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
              sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
              it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
              experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
              angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
              fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
              great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
              blinded by its brightness.

              In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
              long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
              lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
              was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
              same grace and simplicity.

              In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
              upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
              everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

              Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
              relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
              and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
              his oratory was filled with the sound of
              music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
              near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
              his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
              "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
              Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
              told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
              calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
              keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
              St. Chad's body simply wore out.

              Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
              in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
              angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
              St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
              Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
              became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

              Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
              is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

              In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
              (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
              midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
              leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
              of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

              St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
              http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



              St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
              -------------------------------------------------------------
              Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
              (Benedictines).

              St. Cynibild
              -------------------------------------------------------------
              7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
              Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
              (Benedictines).


              St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
              -------------------------------------------------------------
              Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
              whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

              Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
              Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
              thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
              Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

              Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
              In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
              and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
              Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
              same steadfastness in our lives.


              St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
              -------------------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
              to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
              episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


              St. Willeic
              -------------------------------------------------------------
              Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
              of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
              this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


              Sources:
              ========

              Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

              Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
              Penguin Books.

              Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
              Doubleday Image.

              Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
              Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

              Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
              Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              Orthodox Ireland Saints
              http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
              Message 6 of 13 , Mar 2, 2009
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Chad of Lichfield
                * St. Slebhene of Iona
                * St. Cynibild
                * St. Fergna the White
                * St. Joavan of Leon
                * St. Willeic
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
                -------------------------------------------------------------
                Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

                The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
                modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
                diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
                church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
                Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
                yet no other had been appointed in his place.

                "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
                whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
                consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
                in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
                the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
                bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

                "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
                to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
                give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
                travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
                apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
                cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
                tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
                of his master and of his brother Cedd."

                During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
                in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
                brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
                Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
                including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

                Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
                Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
                while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
                Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
                know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
                his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
                as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
                Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
                abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
                Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
                remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
                Whitby.

                As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
                named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
                Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
                But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
                the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
                Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
                appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
                his monastery at Ripon.

                When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
                669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
                improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
                humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
                Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
                willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
                undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

                With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
                in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
                with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
                creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
                stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
                of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
                founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
                far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
                foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
                missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

                A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
                were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
                Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
                of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
                they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
                encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
                Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

                He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
                sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
                it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
                experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
                angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
                fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
                great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
                blinded by its brightness.

                In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
                long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
                lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
                was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
                same grace and simplicity.

                In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
                upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
                everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

                Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
                relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
                and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
                his oratory was filled with the sound of
                music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
                near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
                his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
                "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
                Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
                told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
                calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
                keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
                St. Chad's body simply wore out.

                Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
                in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
                angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
                St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
                Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
                became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

                Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
                is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

                In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
                (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
                midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
                leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
                of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

                St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
                http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



                St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
                -------------------------------------------------------------
                Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
                (Benedictines).

                St. Cynibild
                -------------------------------------------------------------
                7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
                Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
                (Benedictines).


                St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
                -------------------------------------------------------------
                Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
                whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

                Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
                Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
                thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
                Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

                Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
                In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
                and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
                Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
                same steadfastness in our lives.


                St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
                -------------------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
                to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
                episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


                St. Willeic
                -------------------------------------------------------------
                Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
                of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
                this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                Sources:
                ========

                Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

                Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
                Penguin Books.

                Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                Doubleday Image.

                Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
                Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                Orthodox Ireland Saints
                http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
                Message 7 of 13 , Mar 1, 2010
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Chad of Lichfield
                  * St. Slebhene of Iona
                  * St. Cynibild
                  * St. Fergna the White
                  * St. Joavan of Leon
                  * St. Willeic
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
                  -------------------------------------------------------------
                  Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

                  The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
                  modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
                  diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
                  church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
                  Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
                  yet no other had been appointed in his place.

                  "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
                  whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
                  consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
                  in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
                  the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
                  bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

                  "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
                  to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
                  give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
                  travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
                  apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
                  cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
                  tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
                  of his master and of his brother Cedd."

                  During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
                  in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
                  brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
                  Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
                  including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

                  Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
                  Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
                  while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
                  Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
                  know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
                  his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
                  as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
                  Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
                  abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
                  Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
                  remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
                  Whitby.

                  As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
                  named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
                  Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
                  But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
                  the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
                  Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
                  appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
                  his monastery at Ripon.

                  When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
                  669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
                  improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
                  humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
                  Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
                  willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
                  undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

                  With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
                  in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
                  with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
                  creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
                  stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
                  of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
                  founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
                  far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
                  foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
                  missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

                  A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
                  were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
                  Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
                  of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
                  they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
                  encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
                  Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

                  He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
                  sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
                  it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
                  experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
                  angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
                  fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
                  great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
                  blinded by its brightness.

                  In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
                  long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
                  lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
                  was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
                  same grace and simplicity.

                  In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
                  upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
                  everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

                  Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
                  relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
                  and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
                  his oratory was filled with the sound of
                  music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
                  near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
                  his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
                  "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
                  Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
                  told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
                  calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
                  keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
                  St. Chad's body simply wore out.

                  Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
                  in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
                  angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
                  St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
                  Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
                  became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

                  Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
                  is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

                  In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
                  (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
                  midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
                  leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
                  of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

                  St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
                  http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



                  St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
                  -------------------------------------------------------------
                  Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
                  (Benedictines).

                  St. Cynibild
                  -------------------------------------------------------------
                  7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
                  Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
                  (Benedictines).


                  St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
                  -------------------------------------------------------------
                  Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
                  whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

                  Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
                  Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
                  thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
                  Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

                  Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
                  In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
                  and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
                  Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
                  same steadfastness in our lives.


                  St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
                  -------------------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
                  to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
                  episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


                  St. Willeic
                  -------------------------------------------------------------
                  Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
                  of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
                  this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

                  Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
                  Penguin Books.

                  Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                  Doubleday Image.

                  Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                  Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                  Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
                  Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  Orthodox Ireland Saints
                  http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
                  Message 8 of 13 , Mar 1, 2011
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Chad of Lichfield
                    * St. Slebhene of Iona
                    * St. Cynibild
                    * St. Fergna the White
                    * St. Joavan of Leon
                    * St. Willeic
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
                    -------------------------------------------------------------
                    Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

                    The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
                    modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
                    diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
                    church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
                    Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
                    yet no other had been appointed in his place.

                    "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
                    whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
                    consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
                    in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
                    the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
                    bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

                    "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
                    to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
                    give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
                    travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
                    apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
                    cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
                    tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
                    of his master and of his brother Cedd."

                    During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
                    in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
                    brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
                    Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
                    including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

                    Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
                    Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
                    while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
                    Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
                    know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
                    his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
                    as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
                    Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
                    abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
                    Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
                    remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
                    Whitby.

                    As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
                    named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
                    Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
                    But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
                    the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
                    Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
                    appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
                    his monastery at Ripon.

                    When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
                    669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
                    improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
                    humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
                    Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
                    willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
                    undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

                    With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
                    in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
                    with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
                    creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
                    stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
                    of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
                    founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
                    far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
                    foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
                    missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

                    A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
                    were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
                    Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
                    of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
                    they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
                    encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
                    Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

                    He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
                    sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
                    it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
                    experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
                    angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
                    fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
                    great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
                    blinded by its brightness.

                    In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
                    long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
                    lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
                    was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
                    same grace and simplicity.

                    In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
                    upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
                    everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

                    Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
                    relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
                    and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
                    his oratory was filled with the sound of
                    music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
                    near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
                    his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
                    "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
                    Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
                    told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
                    calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
                    keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
                    St. Chad's body simply wore out.

                    Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
                    in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
                    angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
                    St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
                    Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
                    became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

                    Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
                    is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

                    In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
                    (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
                    midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
                    leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
                    of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

                    St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
                    http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



                    St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
                    -------------------------------------------------------------
                    Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
                    (Benedictines).

                    St. Cynibild
                    -------------------------------------------------------------
                    7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
                    Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
                    (Benedictines).


                    St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
                    -------------------------------------------------------------
                    Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
                    whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

                    Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
                    Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
                    thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
                    Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

                    Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
                    In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
                    and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
                    Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
                    same steadfastness in our lives.


                    St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
                    -------------------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
                    to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
                    episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


                    St. Willeic
                    -------------------------------------------------------------
                    Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
                    of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
                    this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

                    Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
                    Penguin Books.

                    Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                    (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                    Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                    Doubleday Image.

                    Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                    Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                    Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
                    Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    Orthodox Ireland Saints
                    http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
                    Message 9 of 13 , Mar 2, 2012
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Chad of Lichfield
                      * St. Slebhene of Iona
                      * St. Cynibild
                      * St. Fergna the White
                      * St. Joavan of Leon
                      * St. Willeic
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
                      -------------------------------------------------------------
                      Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

                      The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
                      modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
                      diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
                      church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
                      Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
                      yet no other had been appointed in his place.

                      "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
                      whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
                      consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
                      in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
                      the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
                      bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

                      "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
                      to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
                      give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
                      travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
                      apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
                      cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
                      tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
                      of his master and of his brother Cedd."

                      During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
                      in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
                      brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
                      Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
                      including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

                      Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
                      Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
                      while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
                      Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
                      know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
                      his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
                      as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
                      Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
                      abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
                      Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
                      remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
                      Whitby.

                      As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
                      named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
                      Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
                      But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
                      the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
                      Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
                      appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
                      his monastery at Ripon.

                      When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
                      669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
                      improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
                      humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
                      Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
                      willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
                      undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

                      With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
                      in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
                      with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
                      creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
                      stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
                      of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
                      founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
                      far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
                      foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
                      missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

                      A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
                      were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
                      Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
                      of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
                      they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
                      encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
                      Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

                      He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
                      sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
                      it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
                      experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
                      angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
                      fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
                      great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
                      blinded by its brightness.

                      In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
                      long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
                      lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
                      was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
                      same grace and simplicity.

                      In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
                      upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
                      everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

                      Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
                      relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
                      and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
                      his oratory was filled with the sound of
                      music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
                      near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
                      his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
                      "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
                      Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
                      told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
                      calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
                      keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
                      St. Chad's body simply wore out.

                      Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
                      in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
                      angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
                      St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
                      Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
                      became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

                      Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
                      is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

                      In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
                      (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
                      midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
                      leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
                      of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

                      St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
                      http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



                      St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
                      -------------------------------------------------------------
                      Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
                      (Benedictines).

                      St. Cynibild
                      -------------------------------------------------------------
                      7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
                      Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
                      (Benedictines).


                      St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
                      -------------------------------------------------------------
                      Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
                      whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

                      Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
                      Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
                      thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
                      Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

                      Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
                      In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
                      and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
                      Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
                      same steadfastness in our lives.


                      St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
                      -------------------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
                      to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
                      episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


                      St. Willeic
                      -------------------------------------------------------------
                      Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
                      of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
                      this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                      Sources:
                      ========

                      Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

                      Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
                      Penguin Books.

                      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                      Doubleday Image.

                      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                      Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
                      Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      Orthodox Ireland Saints
                      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Chad of Lichfield * St. Slebhene of Iona * St. Cynibild
                      Message 10 of 13 , Mar 1, 2013
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 2 March

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Chad of Lichfield
                        * St. Slebhene of Iona
                        * St. Cynibild
                        * St. Fergna the White
                        * St. Joavan of Leon
                        * St. Willeic
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Chad (Ceadda) of Lichfield, Bishop
                        -------------------------------------------------------------
                        Born in Northumbria, England; died at Lichfield in 673.

                        The Venerable Bede writes that: "King Oswy sent to Kent a holy man of
                        modest character, well versed in the Scriptures, and practising with
                        diligence what he had learned from them, to be ordained bishop of the
                        church of York. . . . But when they reached Kent, they found that
                        Archbishop Deusdedit (f.d. July 14) had departed this life and that as
                        yet no other had been appointed in his place.

                        "Thereupon they turned aside to the province of the West Saxons,
                        whereWine was bishop, and by him the above mentioned Chad was
                        consecrated bishop, two bishops of the British nation, who kept Easter
                        in contravention of the canonical custom from the 14th to the 20th of
                        the moon, being associated with him, for at that time there was no other
                        bishop in all Britain canonically ordained besides Wine.

                        "As soon as Chad had been consecrated bishop, he began most strenuously
                        to devote himself to ecclesiastical truth and purity of doctrine and to
                        give attention to the practice of humility, self-denial and study: to
                        travel about, not on horseback, but on foot, after the manner of the
                        apostles, preaching the Gospel in the towns and the open country, in
                        cottages, villages and castles, for he was one of Aidan's disciples and
                        tried to instruct his hearers by acting and behaving after the example
                        of his master and of his brother Cedd."

                        During the tenure of St. Aidan as abbot, when the abbey of Lindisfarne
                        in northern Britain was a hive of Christian activity and the centre of a
                        brave and eager company of evangelists, among them was St. Chad, an
                        Angle by birth, one of four brothers all of whom became priests,
                        including St. Cedd (f.d. October 26) and St. Cynibild (below).

                        Chad was one of the four brothers in the School founded by St. Aidan at
                        Lindisfarne. His brothers Cynebil and Caelin were to become priests
                        while he and Cedd were to be bishops. To complete their training St.
                        Aidan sent his students to study in the various Irish monasteries and we
                        know that in 653 Chad was made priest and returned to England to start
                        his ministry as a missionary. As a young monk Chad had spent some years
                        as a missionary monk in Ireland with St. Egbert (f.d. April 24) at
                        Rathmelsigi, but was recalled to England to replace his brother Cedd as
                        abbot of Lastingham Monastery, when Cedd was appointed bishop of London.
                        Lastingham was a small community under the Rule of St. Columba in a
                        remote, beautiful village on the very edge of the north York Moors near
                        Whitby.

                        As described by Bede, within a year of his abbatial appointment Chad was
                        named bishop of York by King Oswy. Meanwhile, King Oswy's son King
                        Alcfrid had appointed Wilfrid (f.d. October 12), bishop of the same see.
                        But Wilfrid, considering the northern bishops who had refused to accept
                        the decrees of Whitby as schismatic, went to France to be ordained.
                        Delayed until 666 in his return, Wilfrid found that St. Chad had been
                        appointed. Rather than contest the election of Chad, Wilfrid returned to
                        his monastery at Ripon.

                        When St. Theodore (f.d. September 19) became archbishop of Canterbury in
                        669, he removed Chad from the see of York on the grounds that he was
                        improperly consecrated by Wine, and restored St. Wilfrid. Chad's
                        humility in accepting this change was evidenced in his reply to
                        Theodore: "If you consider that I have not been properly consecrated, I
                        willingly resign this charge of which I never thought myself worthy. I
                        undertook it, though unworthy, under obedience."

                        With that, the astonished Theodore supplied what he thought was wanting
                        in Chad's consecration, and soon after made him bishop of the Mercians
                        with his see at Lichfield. This was Chad's greatest achievement: The
                        creation of the see of Lichfield, which covered 17 counties and
                        stretched from the Severn to the North Sea. At Lichfield, or the Field
                        of the Dead, where once a thousand Christians had been martyred, Chad
                        founded his cathedral. Here, too, he built himself a simple oratory not
                        far from the church, where he lived and prayed when not travelling on
                        foot throughout his wide diocese, and here also he gathered around him a
                        missionary band of eight of his brethren from Lastingham.

                        A typical story is of how on one occasion when two of the king's sons
                        were out hunting, they were led by their quarry to the oratory of St.
                        Chad, where they found him praying, and were so impressed by the sight
                        of the frail old man upon his knees, his face glowing with rapture, that
                        they knelt and asked his blessing, and were later baptized. All who
                        encountered him were similarly impressed, and many made pilgrimage to
                        Lichfield and to his holy well outside the city, which still remains.

                        He had great qualities of mind and spirit, but greatest of all was his
                        sense of the presence of God and the influence it had upon others, for
                        it is said that all who met him were aware of God's glory. It was this
                        experience, no doubt, which underlies the story that Wulfhere was so
                        angry when his sons were converted that he slew them and, breathing
                        fury, sought out St. Chad, but as he approached the bishop's cell a
                        great light shone through its single window, and the king was almost
                        blinded by its brightness.

                        In his early days in Northumbria, St. Chad had trudged on foot on his
                        long missionary journeys until Archbishop Theodore with his own hands
                        lifted him on horseback, insisting that he conserve his strength. This
                        was typical of St. Chad, and he brought to his work at Lichfield the
                        same grace and simplicity.

                        In Lichfield Chad founded monasteries including possibly Barrow (Barton)
                        upon Humber, improved the discipline of the cloisters, preached
                        everywhere, and reformed the churches of the diocese.

                        Many traditions gathered round his name, and the familiar one which
                        relates to his death reflects the inner beauty of his life. After two
                        and one half years of steady, unremitting labour, when Chad came to die,
                        his oratory was filled with the sound of
                        music. First a labourer, Owin, heard it, outside in the fields, and drew
                        near in wonder, and witnessed the vision of the Angels sent to summon
                        his beloved master seven days before his death which, as Bede puts it,
                        "bore away the living stones of the Church to the Temple in Heaven." St.
                        Chad's followers gathered outside, and when they asked what it was, he
                        told them that it meant that his hour had come and it was the angels
                        calling him home. Then he gave each of them a blessing, begged them to
                        keep together, to live in peace, and faithfully fulfil their calling.
                        St. Chad's body simply wore out.

                        Egbert, another of his fellow students, had a similar vision in Ireland
                        in which he saw the soul of St. Cedd descending from the heaven with
                        angels to escort his brother to the eternal Kingdom. The short period of
                        St. Chad's ministry at Lichfield, which approximates in time to Our
                        Lord's, made such an impact upon that part of England that his tomb
                        became one of the great centres of pilgrimage.

                        Some of his relics are preserved in the cathedral of Birmingham, which
                        is named for him (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Gill).

                        In art, St. Chad is a bishop holding Lichfield Cathedral and a branch
                        (usually a vine). He may also be found (1) holding the cathedral in the
                        midst of a battlefield with the dead surrounding him, (2) with a hart
                        leading hunters to him by a pool, or (3) at the time of the conversion
                        of the hunters (SS. Wulfhald and Ruffinus) (Roeder).

                        St. Chad's Church, Lichfield
                        http://www.saintchads.org.uk/home.htm



                        St. Slebhene (Slebhine), Abbot
                        -------------------------------------------------------------
                        Died 767. An Irish monk who was abbot of Iona from 752 to 767
                        (Benedictines).

                        St. Cynibild
                        -------------------------------------------------------------
                        7th century. A brother of SS. Chad (above) and Cedd (f.d.October 26),
                        Cynibild also laboured in the evangelization of the Anglo-Saxons
                        (Benedictines).


                        St. Fergna (Ferona) the White, Abbot
                        -------------------------------------------------------------
                        Died 637. Fergna was a kinsman and disciple of St. Columba (f.d.June 9),
                        whom he succeeded as abbot of Iona (Benedictines,Encyclopaedia).

                        Troparion of St Ferona tone 4
                        Blessed ascetic of Iona's isle,/ thou didst strengthen the foundation of
                        thy kinsman Colum Cille, O righteous Ferona,/ bringing stability to
                        Christ's holy Church and salvation to men's souls.

                        Kontakion of St Ferona tone 2
                        In the Western Isles the flame of faith shone brightly by thy tireless
                        and ascetic labours,/ O bastion of Orthodoxy, great Father Ferona./
                        Wherefore we bless thy name,/ praying for strength to show forth the
                        same steadfastness in our lives.


                        St. Joavan of Leon, Bishop
                        -------------------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 576. St. Joavan was a Romano-Briton who passed over to Brittany
                        to live under his uncle St. Paul of Leon, from whom he received
                        episcopal consecration as coadjutor (Benedictines).


                        St. Willeic
                        -------------------------------------------------------------
                        Died 726. A disciple of St. Swithbert (f.d. March 1), who made him prior
                        of the abbey at Kaiserwerth (near Duesseldorf, Germany). Willeic held
                        this position until his death (Benedictines, Encyclopaedia).


                        Sources:
                        ========

                        Ansterbery, Jennie. Chad, Bishop and Saint

                        Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
                        Penguin Books.

                        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints, NY:
                        Doubleday Image.

                        Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
                        Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

                        Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
                        Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London: Epworth Press.

                        For All the Saints: - new active link
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                        http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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