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28 September

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  • emrys@globe.net.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
    Message 1 of 10 , Sep 26, 2003
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Conwall of Scotland
      * St. Machan of Scotland
      * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
      * St. Tetta of Wimborne
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
      --------------------------------------------
      Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
      Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
      (Benedictines).

      Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
      Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
      the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
      example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
      Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
      made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


      St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
      -------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
      bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
      Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
      Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

      We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
      Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
      Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

      In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
      Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
      number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
      Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
      Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
      among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
      Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
      One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
      In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
      or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
      south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
      still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



      St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
      Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

      Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
      related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
      for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
      immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
      received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
      still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
      (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
      "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
      Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

      Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
      reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
      reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
      She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
      principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
      rules of the monastic life.

      Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
      correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
      requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
      pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
      Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

      Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
      Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
      residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
      was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
      convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
      Germany.

      The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
      combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
      bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
      Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
      permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

      Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
      to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
      It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
      that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
      Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
      rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
      (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
      12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
      of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
      extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
      always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

      Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
      Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
      Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
      seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
      deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

      Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
      to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
      and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
      they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
      is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
      of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
      death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
      she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

      Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
      retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
      and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
      visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
      visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
      mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
      Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
      in the day of judgement."

      After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
      high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
      miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
      eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
      838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
      into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
      Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).


      St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
      ------------------------------------------
      Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
      Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
      many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
      Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
      Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

      Orthodox Ireland Saints
      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
      Message 2 of 10 , Sep 27, 2004
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Conwall of Scotland
        * St. Machan of Scotland
        * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
        * St. Tetta of Wimborne
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
        --------------------------------------------
        Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
        Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
        (Benedictines).

        Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
        Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
        the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
        example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
        Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
        made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


        St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
        -------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
        bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
        Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
        Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

        We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
        Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
        Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

        In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
        Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
        number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
        Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
        Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
        among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
        Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
        One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
        In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
        or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
        south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
        still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



        St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
        Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

        Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
        related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
        for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
        immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
        received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
        still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
        (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
        "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
        Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

        Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
        reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
        reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
        She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
        principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
        rules of the monastic life.

        Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
        correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
        requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
        pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
        Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

        Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
        Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
        residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
        was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
        convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
        Germany.

        The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
        combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
        bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
        Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
        permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

        Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
        to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
        It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
        that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
        Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
        rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
        (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
        12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
        of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
        extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
        always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

        Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
        Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
        Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
        seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
        deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

        Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
        to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
        and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
        they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
        is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
        of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
        death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
        she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

        Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
        retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
        and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
        visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
        visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
        mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
        Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
        in the day of judgement."

        After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
        high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
        miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
        eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
        838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
        into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
        Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).


        St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
        ------------------------------------------
        Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
        Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
        many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
        Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
        Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        Orthodox Ireland Saints
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
        Message 3 of 10 , Sep 26, 2005
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Conwall of Scotland
          * St. Machan of Scotland
          * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
          * St. Tetta of Wimborne
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
          --------------------------------------------
          Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
          Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
          (Benedictines).

          Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
          Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
          the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
          example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
          Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
          made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


          St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
          -------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
          bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
          Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
          Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

          We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
          Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
          Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

          In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
          Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
          number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
          Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
          Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
          among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
          Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
          One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
          In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
          or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
          south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
          still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



          St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
          --------------------------------------------------------------
          Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
          Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

          Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
          related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
          for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
          immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
          received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
          still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
          (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
          "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
          Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

          Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
          reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
          reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
          She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
          principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
          rules of the monastic life.

          Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
          correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
          requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
          pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
          Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

          Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
          Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
          residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
          was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
          convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
          Germany.

          The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
          combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
          bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
          Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
          permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

          Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
          to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
          It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
          that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
          Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
          rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
          (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
          12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
          of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
          extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
          always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

          Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
          Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
          Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
          seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
          deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

          Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
          to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
          and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
          they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
          is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
          of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
          death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
          she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

          Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
          retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
          and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
          visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
          visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
          mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
          Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
          in the day of judgement."

          After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
          high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
          miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
          eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
          838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
          into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
          Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).


          St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
          ------------------------------------------
          Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
          Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
          many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
          Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


          Sources:
          ========

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
          Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
          London: Virtue & Co.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
          Message 4 of 10 , Sep 26, 2006
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Conwall of Scotland
            * St. Machan of Scotland
            * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
            * St. Tetta of Wimborne
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
            --------------------------------------------
            Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
            Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
            (Benedictines).

            Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
            Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
            the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
            example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
            Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
            made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


            St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
            -------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
            bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
            Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
            Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

            We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
            Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
            Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

            In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
            Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
            number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
            Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
            Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
            among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
            Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
            One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
            In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
            or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
            south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
            still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



            St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
            --------------------------------------------------------------
            Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
            Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

            Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
            related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
            for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
            immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
            received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
            still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
            (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
            "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
            Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

            Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
            reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
            reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
            She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
            principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
            rules of the monastic life.

            Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
            correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
            requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
            pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
            Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

            Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
            Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
            residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
            was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
            convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
            Germany.

            The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
            combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
            bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
            Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
            permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

            Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
            to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
            It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
            that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
            Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
            rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
            (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
            12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
            of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
            extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
            always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

            Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
            Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
            Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
            seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
            deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

            Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
            to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
            and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
            they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
            is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
            of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
            death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
            she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

            Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
            retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
            and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
            visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
            visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
            mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
            Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
            in the day of judgement."

            After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
            high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
            miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
            eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
            838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
            into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
            Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).


            St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
            ------------------------------------------
            Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
            Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
            many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
            Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


            Sources:
            ========

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
            Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
            Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
            London: Virtue & Co.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
            Message 5 of 10 , Sep 28, 2007
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Conwall of Scotland
              * St. Machan of Scotland
              * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
              * St. Tetta of Wimborne
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
              --------------------------------------------
              Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
              Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
              (Benedictines).

              Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
              Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
              the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
              example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
              Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
              made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


              St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
              -------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
              bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
              Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
              Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

              We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
              Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
              Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

              In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
              Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
              number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
              Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
              Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
              among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
              Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
              One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
              In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
              or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
              south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
              still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



              St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
              --------------------------------------------------------------
              Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
              Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

              Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
              related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
              for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
              immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
              received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
              still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
              (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
              "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
              Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

              Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
              reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
              reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
              She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
              principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
              rules of the monastic life.

              Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
              correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
              requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
              pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
              Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

              Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
              Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
              residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
              was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
              convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
              Germany.

              The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
              combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
              bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
              Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
              permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

              Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
              to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
              It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
              that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
              Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
              rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
              (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
              12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
              of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
              extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
              always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

              Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
              Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
              Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
              seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
              deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

              Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
              to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
              and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
              they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
              is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
              of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
              death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
              she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

              Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
              retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
              and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
              visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
              visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
              mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
              Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
              in the day of judgement."

              After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
              high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
              miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
              eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
              838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
              into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
              Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).


              St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
              ------------------------------------------
              Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
              Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
              many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
              Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


              Sources:
              ========

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
              Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

              Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
              Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
              London: Virtue & Co.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              *****************************************
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
              Message 6 of 10 , Sep 28, 2008
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Conwall of Scotland
                * St. Machan of Scotland
                * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
                * St. Tetta of Wimborne
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
                --------------------------------------------
                Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
                Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
                (Benedictines).

                Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
                Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
                the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
                example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
                Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
                made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


                St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
                -------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
                bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
                Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
                Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

                We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
                Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
                Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

                In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
                Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
                number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
                Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
                Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
                among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
                Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
                One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
                In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
                or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
                south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
                still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



                St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
                --------------------------------------------------------------
                Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
                Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

                Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
                related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
                for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
                immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
                received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
                still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
                (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
                "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
                Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

                Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
                reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
                reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
                She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
                principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
                rules of the monastic life.

                Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
                correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
                requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
                pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
                Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

                Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
                Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
                residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
                was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
                convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
                Germany.

                The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
                combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
                bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
                Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
                permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

                Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
                to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
                It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
                that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
                Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
                rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
                (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
                12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
                of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
                extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
                always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

                Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
                Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
                Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
                seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
                deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

                Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
                to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
                and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
                they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
                is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
                of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
                death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
                she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

                Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
                retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
                and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
                visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
                visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
                mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
                Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
                in the day of judgement."

                After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
                high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
                miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
                eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
                838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
                into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
                Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).


                St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
                ------------------------------------------
                Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
                Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
                many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
                Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


                Sources:
                ========

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
                Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                London: Virtue & Co.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                *****************************************
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conwall of Scotland * St. Machan of Scotland * St. Lioba of
                Message 7 of 10 , Sep 27, 2009
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 28 September

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Conwall of Scotland
                  * St. Machan of Scotland
                  * St. Lioba of Bischoffsheim
                  * St. Tetta of Wimborne
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Conwall (Conval) of Scotland
                  --------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 630. The Irish priest, Conwall, was a disciple of Saint
                  Kentigern (f.d. January 14) who preached and died in Scotland
                  (Benedictines).

                  Troparion of St Conwall tone 8
                  Taking to heart Christ's holy command, thou didst preach His Gospel to
                  the nation of the Picts,/ O Father Conwall, setting us a laudable
                  example./ Pray that we may be granted strength also to witness for
                  Christ until our last breath,/ that having lived only for Him, we may be
                  made worthy to enter His Kingdom.


                  St. Machan of Scotland, Bishop
                  -------------------------------------------
                  Date unknown. A Scottish saint trained in Ireland and consecrated
                  bishop in Rome (Benedictines). St. Machan, who is commemorated in
                  Ecelesmachan in Linlithgowshire, is said to have been a disciple of St.
                  Cadoc of Llancarvan; if so, he was contemporary with Kentigern.

                  We know almost nothing about him. There was a fair formerly held at
                  Ballasalla on September 29th, which, though held on St. Michael the
                  Archangel's day, may have been previously dedicated to St. Machan.

                  In the Inquest of David I made about 1116 AD when he was Prince of
                  Cumbria, concerning the lands belonging to the Church of Glasgow a
                  number of old churches can be recognised.....Among them is the name
                  Mecheyn, i.e. Machan. 'When Cadoc quitted Scotland, on his way back to
                  Wales, he left behind him an earnests worker to develop his mission
                  among the Britons and the Picts. He was Machan , who had been trained in
                  Ireland, but who now devoted the rest of his life...to the Clyde Valley.
                  One of his centres was Dalserf, a parish formerly known as Machanshire.
                  In the north end of the parish there is a property still called Machan,
                  or Auld Machan, while t he whole of the higher and bleaker lands to the
                  south, between Auld Machan and Draffan in the parish of Lesmahagow, are
                  still entitled Machanshire or Machanmuir.



                  St. Lioba (Liobgytha) of Bischoffsheim, Abbess Virgin
                  --------------------------------------------------------------
                  Born at Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England; died at Schornsheim (near
                  Mainz), Germany, c. 779.

                  Saint Lioba's mother, descended of an illustrious family and closely
                  related to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5), had been barren
                  for a long time before the saint was born. Nevertheless, Ebba
                  immediately offered her to God and raised her in piety. She
                  received her first education at Minster-in-Thanet. While Lioba was
                  still young, she was placed in the care of the king's sister Saint Tetta
                  (f.d. today) at the Benedictine convent in Wimborne (Winburn or
                  "fountain of wine"). Lioba matured spiritually and emotionally under
                  Tetta's tutelage, and eventually took the religious veil.

                  Tetta also ensured that she had a good education. Letters to Boniface
                  reveal that Lioba understood and wrote verse in Latin. She limited her
                  reading, however, to books that would stir her spirit to love of God.
                  She knew by heart the divine precepts of the Old and New Testaments, the
                  principal canons of the Church, the holy maxims of the Fathers, and the
                  rules of the monastic life.

                  Boniface kept in touch with his young relative through frequent
                  correspondence. Recognising her virtue and abilities, in 748, he
                  requested of her bishop and abbess that she be sent to him with about 30
                  pious companions to undertake charitable work with women in Germany.
                  Although Tetta regretted the loss of her protege, she could not refuse.

                  Upon their arrival in Germany, Boniface settled the women religious at
                  Tauberbischofsheim ("bishop's home," possibly his own previous
                  residence). Lioba's zeal attracted so many vocations that her convent
                  was populating many other foundations throughout the country. Lioba's
                  convents were one of the most powerful factors in the conversion of
                  Germany.

                  The saint organised her convents in the true monastic tradition with a
                  combination of manual labour (in scriptorium, kitchen,
                  bakery, brewery, and garden), intellectual study (all had to learn
                  Latin), community devotions, and leisure. No extreme austerities were
                  permitted to interfere with the corporate life established by the Rule.

                  Her love of God was so appealing. She was always ready to set her hand
                  to any task she might ask of others and did it with cheer and modesty.
                  It is said that she was beautiful, that her countenance was angelic, and
                  that her nuns loved her. Perhaps this is so because Lioba took to heart
                  Saint Paul advice: "Do nothing out of selfishness or out of vainglory;
                  rather, humbly regard others as more important than yourselves"
                  (Philippians 2:3) and "anticipate one another in showing honour" (Romans
                  12:9b). Thus, Lioba often washed the feet of her sisters in emulation
                  of her Lord. The corporal acts of mercy were her delight, especially
                  extending hospitality to strangers and caring for the poor. She was
                  always patient, kind, and accessible to all who needed her.

                  Nevertheless, kings and princes honoured and respected her, especially
                  Pepin the Short, Blessed Carloman (f.d. August 17) and Charlemagne.
                  Charlemagne often called her to court at Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) to
                  seek her advice. His wife, Blessed Hildegard (f.d. April 30), loved her
                  deeply and always heeded her advice, as did some of the bishops.

                  Before his martyrdom, Saint Boniface commended Lioba and her community
                  to the care of Saint Lullus (f.d. October 16) and his monks at Fulda,
                  and requested that her bones be buried next to his at their deaths that
                  they might be raised at the resurrection and spend eternity together. It
                  is said that the tender affection uniting Boniface and Lioba forms one
                  of the most charming episodes in church history. Following Boniface's
                  death in 754, Lioba frequently visited Fulda. By special dispensation,
                  she would be allowed with two elder sisters to join in the choir.

                  Upon the advice of Lullus, Lioba resigned her offices in her old age and
                  retired to the convent at Schornsheim, where she redoubled her prayer
                  and penance. Occasionally she would answer Empress Hildegard's plea to
                  visit her, but return to her cell as quickly as she could. On her last
                  visit, she embraced the queen, kissed her on her garment, forehead, and
                  mouth, then said: "Farewell, precious part of my soul; may Christ, our
                  Creator and Redeemer, grant that we may see each other without confusion
                  in the day of judgement."

                  After her death, Lioba was interred at Fulda, on the north side of the
                  high altar, near the tomb of Saint Boniface. Her tomb was honoured with
                  miracles; her biographer, Rudolph of Fulda, assures us he was himself an
                  eyewitness to several. Her relics were translated in 819 and again in
                  838 to the church of Mount Saint Peter. Her name was first inserted
                  into a martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus c. 836 (Attwater2, Benedictines,
                  Bonniwell, Coulson, Farmer, Husenbeth).

                  Some online sources for St Lioba...

                  Rudolf of Fulda's Life of St Lioba:
                  http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/leoba.html

                  An alternative translation with an introduction and commentary by Miriam
                  Muller:
                  http://homepage.mac.com/consonance/Papers/AbbessLeoba12904.pdf

                  Some of her letters have been translated as part of the Epistolae - Medieval
                  Women's Latin Letters project:
                  http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/woman/55.html

                  St Lioba is featured in a chapter in the book 'Virgin Saints of the
                  Benedictine Order'
                  http://www.archive.org/details/thevirginsaints00unknuoft

                  and in 'The Saints and Missionaries of the Anglo-Saxon Era'
                  http://www.archive.org/details/saintsmissionari00adam





                  St. Tetta of Wimborne, Abbess
                  ------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 772. Saint Tetta ruled over 500 nuns as abbess of Wimborne
                  Abbey in Dorsetshire. The size of the community permitted her to send
                  many workers to Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) in Germany, including Saint
                  Lioba (f.d. today) and Saint Thecla (f.d. October 15) (Benedictines).


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Coulson, J. (ed.). (1960). The Saints: A Concise Biographical
                  Dictionary. New York: Hawthorn Books.

                  Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                  Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                  Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                  London: Virtue & Co.

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  *****************************************
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