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3 May

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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
    Message 1 of 14 , May 1, 2003
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Conleth of Kildare
      * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
      * St. Philip of Zell
      * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
      * St. Fumach
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
      (also known as Conleat)
      --------------------------------------------
      Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
      Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
      skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
      vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
      vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
      her nuns at Kildare.

      Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
      Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
      (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
      were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
      period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
      and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
      of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
      Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
      Brigid's tomb.

      A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
      his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
      could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
      (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

      ----

      Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
      death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
      grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


      "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
      now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
      metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
      brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
      grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
      metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
      of missals, gospels, and psalters.

      ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
      It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
      the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
      century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
      his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
      Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
      were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
      precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

      ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
      Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
      Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
      churches of timber, of the larger kind.

      COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
      towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
      three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
      roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
      with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
      of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
      other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
      screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
      Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
      enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
      offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
      the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
      widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

      Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
      lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
      the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
      ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
      (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
      multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
      partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

      More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


      St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
      -----------------------------------------------------------
      8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
      Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
      lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
      (Benedictines).


      St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
      -----------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
      "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
      became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
      established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
      (Benedictines).


      St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
      -----------------------------------------------------------
      Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
      of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

      Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
      Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
      preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
      in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
      saved.


      St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
      -------------------------------


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
      Methuen & Co.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
      lives of the saints.]

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page:
      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
      Message 2 of 14 , May 2, 2004
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Conleth of Kildare
        * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
        * St. Philip of Zell
        * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
        * St. Fumach
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
        (also known as Conleat)
        --------------------------------------------
        Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
        Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
        skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
        vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
        vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
        her nuns at Kildare.

        Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
        Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
        (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
        were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
        period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
        and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
        of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
        Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
        Brigid's tomb.

        A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
        his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
        could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
        (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

        ----

        Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
        death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
        grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


        "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
        now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
        metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
        brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
        grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
        metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
        of missals, gospels, and psalters.

        ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
        It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
        the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
        century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
        his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
        Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
        were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
        precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

        ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
        Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
        Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
        churches of timber, of the larger kind.

        COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
        towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
        three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
        roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
        with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
        of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
        other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
        screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
        Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
        enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
        offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
        the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
        widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

        Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
        lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
        the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
        ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
        (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
        multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
        partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

        More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


        St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
        -----------------------------------------------------------
        8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
        Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
        lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
        (Benedictines).


        St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
        -----------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
        "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
        became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
        established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
        (Benedictines).


        St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
        -----------------------------------------------------------
        Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
        of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

        Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
        Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
        preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
        in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
        saved.


        St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
        -------------------------------


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
        Methuen & Co.

        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
        Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
        useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
        provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
        lives of the saints.]

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

        Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        Orthodox Ireland Saints
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
        Message 3 of 14 , May 2, 2005
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Conleth of Kildare
          * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
          * St. Philip of Zell
          * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
          * St. Fumach
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
          (also known as Conleat)
          --------------------------------------------
          Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
          Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
          skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
          vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
          vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
          her nuns at Kildare.

          Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
          Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
          (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
          were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
          period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
          and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
          of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
          Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
          Brigid's tomb.

          A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
          his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
          could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
          (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

          ----

          Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
          death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
          grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


          "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
          now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
          metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
          brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
          grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
          metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
          of missals, gospels, and psalters.

          ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
          It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
          the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
          century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
          his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
          Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
          were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
          precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

          ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
          Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
          Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
          churches of timber, of the larger kind.

          COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
          towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
          three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
          roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
          with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
          of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
          other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
          screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
          Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
          enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
          offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
          the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
          widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

          Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
          lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
          the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
          ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
          (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
          multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
          partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

          More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


          St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
          -----------------------------------------------------------
          8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
          Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
          lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
          (Benedictines).


          St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
          -----------------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
          "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
          became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
          established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
          (Benedictines).


          St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
          -----------------------------------------------------------
          Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
          of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

          Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
          Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
          preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
          in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
          saved.


          St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
          -------------------------------


          Sources:
          ========

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
          Methuen & Co.

          D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
          Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
          useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
          provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
          lives of the saints.]

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

          Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
          Message 4 of 14 , May 2, 2006
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Conleth of Kildare
            * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
            * St. Philip of Zell
            * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
            * St. Fumach
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
            (also known as Conleat)
            --------------------------------------------
            Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
            Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
            skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
            vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
            vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
            her nuns at Kildare.

            Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
            Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
            (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
            were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
            period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
            and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
            of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
            Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
            Brigid's tomb.

            A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
            his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
            could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
            (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

            ----

            Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
            death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
            grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


            "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
            now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
            metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
            brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
            grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
            metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
            of missals, gospels, and psalters.

            ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
            It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
            the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
            century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
            his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
            Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
            were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
            precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

            ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
            Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
            Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
            churches of timber, of the larger kind.

            COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
            towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
            three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
            roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
            with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
            of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
            other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
            screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
            Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
            enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
            offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
            the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
            widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

            Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
            lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
            the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
            ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
            (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
            multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
            partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

            More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


            St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
            -----------------------------------------------------------
            8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
            Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
            lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
            (Benedictines).


            St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
            -----------------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
            "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
            became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
            established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
            (Benedictines).


            St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
            -----------------------------------------------------------
            Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
            of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

            Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
            Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
            preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
            in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
            saved.


            St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
            -------------------------------


            Sources:
            ========

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
            Methuen & Co.

            D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
            Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
            useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
            provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
            lives of the saints.]

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
            Guildford: Billing & Sons.

            Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
            Message 5 of 14 , May 1, 2007
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Conleth of Kildare
              * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
              * St. Philip of Zell
              * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
              * St. Fumach
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
              (also known as Conleat)
              --------------------------------------------
              Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
              Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
              skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
              vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
              vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
              her nuns at Kildare.

              Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
              Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
              (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
              were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
              period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
              and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
              of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
              Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
              Brigid's tomb.

              A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
              his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
              could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
              (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

              ----

              Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
              death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
              grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


              "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
              now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
              metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
              brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
              grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
              metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
              of missals, gospels, and psalters.

              ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
              It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
              the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
              century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
              his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
              Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
              were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
              precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

              ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
              Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
              Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
              churches of timber, of the larger kind.

              COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
              towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
              three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
              roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
              with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
              of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
              other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
              screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
              Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
              enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
              offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
              the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
              widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

              Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
              lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
              the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
              ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
              (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
              multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
              partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

              More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


              St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
              -----------------------------------------------------------
              8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
              Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
              lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
              (Benedictines).


              St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
              -----------------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
              "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
              became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
              established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
              (Benedictines).


              St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
              -----------------------------------------------------------
              Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
              of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

              Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
              Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
              preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
              in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
              saved.


              St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
              -------------------------------


              Sources:
              ========

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
              Methuen & Co.

              D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
              Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
              useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
              provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
              lives of the saints.]

              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

              Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
              Guildford: Billing & Sons.

              Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
              Message 6 of 14 , May 1, 2008
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Conleth of Kildare
                * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
                * St. Philip of Zell
                * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                * St. Fumach
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
                (also known as Conleat)
                --------------------------------------------
                Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
                Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
                skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
                vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
                vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
                her nuns at Kildare.

                Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
                Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
                (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
                were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
                period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
                and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
                of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
                Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
                Brigid's tomb.

                A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
                his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
                could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
                (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

                ----

                Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
                death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
                grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


                "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
                now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
                metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
                brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
                grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
                metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
                of missals, gospels, and psalters.

                ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
                It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
                the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
                century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
                his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
                Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
                were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
                precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

                ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
                Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
                Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
                churches of timber, of the larger kind.

                COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
                towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
                three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
                roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
                with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
                of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
                other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
                screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
                Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
                enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
                offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
                the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
                widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

                Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
                lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
                the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
                ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
                (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
                multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
                partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

                More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


                St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
                -----------------------------------------------------------
                8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
                Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
                lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
                (Benedictines).


                St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
                -----------------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
                "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
                became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
                established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
                (Benedictines).


                St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                -----------------------------------------------------------
                Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
                of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

                Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
                Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
                preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
                in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
                saved.


                St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
                -------------------------------


                Sources:
                ========

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
                Methuen & Co.

                D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                lives of the saints.]

                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
                Message 7 of 14 , May 2, 2009
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Conleth of Kildare
                  * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
                  * St. Philip of Zell
                  * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                  * St. Fumach
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
                  (also known as Conleat)
                  --------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
                  Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
                  skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
                  vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
                  vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
                  her nuns at Kildare.

                  Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
                  Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
                  (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
                  were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
                  period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
                  and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
                  of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
                  Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
                  Brigid's tomb.

                  A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
                  his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
                  could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
                  (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

                  ----

                  Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
                  death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
                  grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


                  "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
                  now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
                  metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
                  brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
                  grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
                  metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
                  of missals, gospels, and psalters.

                  ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
                  It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
                  the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
                  century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
                  his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
                  Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
                  were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
                  precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

                  ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
                  Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
                  Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
                  churches of timber, of the larger kind.

                  COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
                  towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
                  three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
                  roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
                  with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
                  of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
                  other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
                  screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
                  Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
                  enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
                  offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
                  the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
                  widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

                  Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
                  lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
                  the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
                  ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
                  (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
                  multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
                  partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

                  More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


                  St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
                  -----------------------------------------------------------
                  8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
                  Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
                  lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
                  (Benedictines).


                  St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
                  -----------------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
                  "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
                  became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
                  established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
                  (Benedictines).


                  St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                  -----------------------------------------------------------
                  Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
                  of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

                  Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
                  Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
                  preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
                  in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
                  saved.


                  St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
                  -------------------------------


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
                  Methuen & Co.

                  D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                  Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                  useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                  provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                  lives of the saints.]

                  Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                  Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                  Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                  Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  1. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

                  2. The website of Kathleen Hanrahan
                  in monthly calendar format
                  http://celticsaints.org/

                  3. Mail Archive
                  http://www.mail-archive.com/celt-saints@yahoogroups.com/
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
                  Message 8 of 14 , May 4, 2010
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Conleth of Kildare
                    * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
                    * St. Philip of Zell
                    * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                    * St. Fumach
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
                    (also known as Conleat)
                    --------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
                    Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
                    skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
                    vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
                    vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
                    her nuns at Kildare.

                    Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
                    Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
                    (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
                    were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
                    period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
                    and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
                    of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
                    Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
                    Brigid's tomb.

                    A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
                    his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
                    could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
                    (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

                    ----

                    Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
                    death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
                    grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


                    "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
                    now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
                    metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
                    brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
                    grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
                    metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
                    of missals, gospels, and psalters.

                    ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
                    It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
                    the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
                    century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
                    his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
                    Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
                    were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
                    precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

                    ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
                    Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
                    Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
                    churches of timber, of the larger kind.

                    COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
                    towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
                    three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
                    roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
                    with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
                    of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
                    other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
                    screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
                    Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
                    enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
                    offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
                    the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
                    widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

                    Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
                    lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
                    the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
                    ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
                    (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
                    multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
                    partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

                    More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


                    St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
                    -----------------------------------------------------------
                    8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
                    Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
                    lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
                    (Benedictines).


                    St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
                    -----------------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
                    "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
                    became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
                    established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
                    (Benedictines).


                    St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                    -----------------------------------------------------------
                    Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
                    of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

                    Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
                    Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
                    preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
                    in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
                    saved.


                    St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
                    -------------------------------


                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                    (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                    Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
                    Methuen & Co.

                    D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                    Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                    useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                    provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                    lives of the saints.]

                    Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                    Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                    Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                    Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                    Chrisr is Risen! Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey *
                    Message 9 of 14 , May 3, 2011
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Chrisr is Risen!

                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Conleth of Kildare
                      * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
                      * St. Philip of Zell
                      * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                      * St. Fumach
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
                      (also known as Conleat)
                      --------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
                      Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
                      skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
                      vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
                      vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
                      her nuns at Kildare.

                      Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
                      Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
                      (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
                      were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
                      period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
                      and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
                      of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
                      Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
                      Brigid's tomb.

                      A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
                      his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
                      could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
                      (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

                      ----

                      Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
                      death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
                      grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


                      "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
                      now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
                      metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
                      brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
                      grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
                      metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
                      of missals, gospels, and psalters.

                      ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
                      It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
                      the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
                      century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
                      his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
                      Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
                      were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
                      precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

                      ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
                      Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
                      Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
                      churches of timber, of the larger kind.

                      COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
                      towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
                      three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
                      roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
                      with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
                      of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
                      other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
                      screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
                      Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
                      enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
                      offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
                      the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
                      widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

                      Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
                      lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
                      the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
                      ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
                      (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
                      multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
                      partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

                      More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


                      St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
                      -----------------------------------------------------------
                      8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
                      Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
                      lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
                      (Benedictines).


                      St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
                      -----------------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
                      "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
                      became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
                      established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
                      (Benedictines).


                      St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                      -----------------------------------------------------------
                      Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
                      of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

                      Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
                      Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
                      preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
                      in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
                      saved.


                      St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
                      -------------------------------


                      Sources:
                      ========

                      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                      Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
                      Methuen & Co.

                      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                      lives of the saints.]

                      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                      Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
                      Message 10 of 14 , May 4, 2012
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Conleth of Kildare
                        * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
                        * St. Philip of Zell
                        * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                        * St. Fumach
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
                        (also known as Conleat)
                        --------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
                        Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
                        skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
                        vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
                        vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
                        her nuns at Kildare.

                        Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
                        Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
                        (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
                        were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
                        period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
                        and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
                        of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
                        Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
                        Brigid's tomb.

                        A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
                        his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
                        could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
                        (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

                        ----

                        Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
                        death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
                        grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


                        "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
                        now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
                        metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
                        brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
                        grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
                        metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
                        of missals, gospels, and psalters.

                        ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
                        It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
                        the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
                        century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
                        his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
                        Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
                        were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
                        precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

                        ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
                        Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
                        Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
                        churches of timber, of the larger kind.

                        COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
                        towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
                        three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
                        roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
                        with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
                        of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
                        other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
                        screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
                        Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
                        enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
                        offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
                        the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
                        widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

                        Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
                        lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
                        the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
                        ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
                        (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
                        multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
                        partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

                        More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


                        St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
                        -----------------------------------------------------------
                        8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
                        Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
                        lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
                        (Benedictines).


                        St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
                        -----------------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
                        "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
                        became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
                        established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
                        (Benedictines).


                        St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                        -----------------------------------------------------------
                        Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
                        of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

                        Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
                        Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
                        preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
                        in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
                        saved.


                        St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
                        -------------------------------


                        Sources:
                        ========

                        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                        Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
                        Methuen & Co.

                        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                        Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                        useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                        provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                        lives of the saints.]

                        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                        Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                        Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                        Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Conleth of Kildare * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey * St. Philip of Zell
                        Message 11 of 14 , May 2, 2013
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 May

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Conleth of Kildare
                          * St. Ethelwin of Lindsey
                          * St. Philip of Zell
                          * St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                          * St. Fumach
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Conleth of Kildare, Bishop
                          (also known as Conleat)
                          --------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 519; feast day also on May 10. Conleth, an Irish recluse at Old
                          Connell (County Kildare) on the Liffey, was a metal- worker and very
                          skilled as a copyist and illuminator. Saint Brigid, according to her
                          vita by Cogitosus, came to know him and invited him to make sacred
                          vessels for her convent and asked him to be the spiritual director of
                          her nuns at Kildare.

                          Eventually, he became the first bishop of Kildare, which the Annuario
                          Pontificio quotes as being founded in 519. Conleth, Tassach of Elphin
                          (Saint Patrick's craftsman), and Daigh (craftsman of Kieran of Saigher
                          were acclaimed the "three chief artisans of Ireland" during their
                          period. Conleth, who was the head of the Kildare school of metal-work
                          and penmanship, is traditionally regarded as the sculptor of the crosier
                          of Saint Finbar of Termon Barry, which can now be seen in the Royal
                          Irish Academy. He also created the golden crown that was suspended over
                          Brigid's tomb.

                          A gloss in an Irish martyrology says that he was devoured by wolves on
                          his way to Rome--a journey undertaken against the wishes of Brigid. This
                          could be an explanation of his name: coin "to wolves" and leth "half"
                          (Benedictines, Curtayne, D'Arcy, Farmer, Montague, Neeson).

                          ----

                          Cogitosus, who write as St Brigid's biographer a century after her
                          death, has interesting things to say about her monastery, about her
                          grave, and about the presence of many "painted pictures":


                          "......The hermit-bishop who joined Brigid at Kildare was St. Conleth,
                          now revered as patron of the diocese of Kildare. He was a craftsman in
                          metal; a crozier, said to be of his workmanship, is extant. "Brigid's
                          brazier," he was called, in old writings. Under him a community of monks
                          grew up which excelled in the making of beautiful chalices and other
                          metal objects needed in the church, and in the writing and ornamentation
                          of missals, gospels, and psalters.

                          ".......This double monastery, as we have said, was unique in Ireland.
                          It continued in existence for several generations. Cogitosus, who wrote
                          the life of Brigid at the request of the sisterhood in the seventh
                          century, describes the great monastic church at Kildare as it existed in
                          his own time, when the bodies of Conleth and Brigid lay entombed at the
                          Gospel and Epistle sides of the altar, "deposited in monuments which
                          were decorated with various embellishments of gold and silver and
                          precious stones, with crowns of gold and silver hung above them."

                          ".......Saving the tombs, the description of the church in the days of
                          Cogitosus probably applies to the building as it stood when Conleth and
                          Brigid built it. We gain an interesting picture of the ancient Irish
                          churches of timber, of the larger kind.

                          COGITOSUS WRITES: "The church occupied a wide area, and was raised to a
                          towering height, and was adorned with painted pictures. It had within it
                          three spacious oratories, separated by plank partitions, under the one
                          roof of the greater house, wherein one partition, decorated and painted
                          with figures and covered with linen hangings, extended along the breadth
                          of the eastern part of the church from one wall of the church to the
                          other." That means that the sanctuary was shut off by an ornamented
                          screen like the iconostasis in a Greek church. "The partition,"
                          Cogitosus continues, "has at its end two doors. Through one, the bishop
                          enters the sanctuary, accompanied by his monks and those who are to
                          offer the Dominical sacrifice; through the other, placed in the left of
                          the same cross-wall, enter the Abbess with her virgins and faithful
                          widows to enjoy the feast of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ."

                          Cogitosus goes on to tell that a central partition reaches from the
                          lower end of the church to the cross-wall before the sanctuary, dividing
                          the nave into two portions. These divisions are entered by separate,
                          ornamental doors, at right and left of the church; men occupy the right
                          (or Gospel) half, women the left. "Thus in one very great temple, a
                          multitude of people in different order and ranks, separated by
                          partitions, but of one mind, worship Almighty God."

                          More may be perused at http://www.cin.org/saints/bridget.html


                          St. Ethelwin of Lindsey, Bishop
                          -----------------------------------------------------------
                          8th century. Saint Ethelwin was a monk at Ripon Abbey. He succeeded
                          Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) as a hermit on Farne Island, where he
                          lived for twelve years. After his death, he was buried at Lindisfarne
                          (Benedictines).


                          St. Philip of Zell, Hermit
                          -----------------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 770. The town of Zell, Germany, grew up around Saint Philip's
                          "cell", after which it was named. He was an Anglo-Saxon pilgrim who
                          became a hermit near Worms, was joined there by several disciples, and
                          established a monastery. He was also a good friend of King Pepin
                          (Benedictines).


                          St. Scannal of Cell-Coleraine
                          -----------------------------------------------------------
                          Died after 563. The celebrated missionary Saint Scannal was a disciple
                          of Saint Columba (f.d. June 9) (Benedictines).

                          Troparion of St Scannel tone 3
                          Sent by Colum Cille thou didst travel from Iona/ and spend thy life
                          preaching Christ in pagan darkness./ As thou hast boldness before Christ
                          in heavenly glory, O Father Scannel,/ entreat Him that our souls may be
                          saved.


                          St. Fumach, Hermit in Scotland
                          -------------------------------


                          Sources:
                          ========

                          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                          Curtayne, A. (1942). Saint Brigid of Ireland. London:
                          Methuen & Co.

                          D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                          Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                          useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                          provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                          lives of the saints.]

                          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                          Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
                          Guildford: Billing & Sons.

                          Neeson, E. (1967). Book of Irish Saints. Cork: Mercer Press.

                          For All the Saints: - new active link
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                          http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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