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5 March

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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of Armagh,
    Message 1 of 13 , Mar 3 6:19 PM
      Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St Ciaran of Saigher
      * St. Piran of Padstowe
      * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
      * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



      St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
      --------------------------------------------
      5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
      contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
      was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
      but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
      consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
      hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
      were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
      which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
      Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
      their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
      community.

      There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
      including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
      are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
      these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
      Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
      fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
      creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
      at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
      to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
      them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
      Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

      Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
      Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
      our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
      raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
      asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

      Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
      Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
      Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
      thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
      being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
      into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


      St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
      -------------------------------------------------------
      Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
      of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
      Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
      ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
      is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
      Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
      record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
      saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
      miners are called.

      Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
      style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
      or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
      chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
      entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
      Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
      century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
      relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
      cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
      excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
      them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

      The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
      brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
      in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
      Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
      estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
      Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
      Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
      Brienc.

      St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
      various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
      as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
      metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
      appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
      suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
      as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
      out of darkness, good from evil.

      * * *

      Another Life of St. Piran:
      http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

      Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
      Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
      Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
      Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
      together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
      most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
      Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
      community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

      Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
      jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
      tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
      during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
      millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
      sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
      Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
      bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
      locals.

      Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
      Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
      trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
      from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
      Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
      though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

      Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
      Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
      when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
      heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
      this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
      living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
      where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
      resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
      of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
      Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

      Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
      great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
      moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

      The Church of Perranzabuloe
      http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



      Sources:
      ========

      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

      Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

      Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • emrys@globe.net.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of Armagh,
      Message 2 of 13 , Mar 3 7:07 PM
        Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St Ciaran of Saigher
        * St. Piran of Padstowe
        * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
        * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



        St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
        --------------------------------------------
        5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
        contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
        was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
        but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
        consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
        hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
        were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
        which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
        Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
        their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
        community.

        There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
        including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
        are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
        these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
        Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
        fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
        creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
        at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
        to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
        them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
        Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

        Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
        Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
        our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
        raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
        asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

        Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
        Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
        Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
        thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
        being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
        into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


        St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
        -------------------------------------------------------
        Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
        of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
        Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
        ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
        is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
        Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
        record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
        saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
        miners are called.

        Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
        style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
        or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
        chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
        entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
        Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
        century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
        relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
        cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
        excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
        them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

        The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
        brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
        in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
        Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
        estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
        Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
        Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
        Brienc.

        St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
        various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
        as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
        metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
        appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
        suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
        as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
        out of darkness, good from evil.

        * * *

        Another Life of St. Piran:
        http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

        Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
        Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
        Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
        Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
        together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
        most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
        Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
        community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

        Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
        jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
        tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
        during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
        millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
        sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
        Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
        bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
        locals.

        Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
        Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
        trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
        from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
        Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
        though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

        Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
        Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
        when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
        heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
        this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
        living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
        where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
        resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
        of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
        Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

        Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
        great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
        moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

        The Church of Perranzabuloe
        http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



        Sources:
        ========

        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

        Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

        Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        Orthodox Ireland Saints
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of
        Message 3 of 13 , Mar 3 4:39 PM
          Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Ciaran of Saigher
          * St. Piran of Padstowe
          * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
          * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



          St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
          --------------------------------------------
          5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
          contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
          was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
          but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
          consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
          hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
          were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
          which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
          Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
          their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
          community.

          There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
          including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
          are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
          these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
          Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
          fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
          creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
          at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
          to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
          them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
          Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

          and:

          This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
          reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

          Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
          however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
          Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
          Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
          France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

          There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
          other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
          "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
          women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
          rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
          convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
          monastery.

          When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout Erin,
          Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
          then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
          more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
          arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
          abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
          The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
          also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

          Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about this
          ancient hermit and bishop.

          One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
          monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
          child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
          Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
          abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
          Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
          chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
          God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
          from Palestine to Chaldea.

          A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
          Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
          servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
          monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
          only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
          that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
          very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
          eaten by a wolf.

          Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
          Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
          with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
          restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
          prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
          sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
          that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
          to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
          began to eat with his usual gusto.

          The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus of
          Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
          minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
          enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
          on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
          identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
          him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
          day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
          bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
          come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
          lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
          with a recital of their sweetest songs.
          The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

          Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
          that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
          "and you shall receive."
          --Father Robert F. McNamara


          Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
          Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
          our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
          raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
          asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

          Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
          Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
          Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
          thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
          being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
          into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


          St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
          -------------------------------------------------------
          Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
          of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
          Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
          ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
          is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
          Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
          record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
          saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
          miners are called.

          Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
          style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
          or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
          chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
          entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
          Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
          century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
          relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
          cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
          excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
          them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

          The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
          brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
          in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
          Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
          estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
          Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
          Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
          Brienc.

          St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
          various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
          as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
          metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
          appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
          suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
          as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
          out of darkness, good from evil.

          * * *

          Another Life of St. Piran:
          http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

          Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
          Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
          Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
          Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
          together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
          most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
          Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
          community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

          Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
          jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
          tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
          during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
          millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
          sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
          Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
          bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
          locals.

          Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
          Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
          trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
          from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
          Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
          though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

          Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
          Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
          when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
          heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
          this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
          living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
          where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
          resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
          of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
          Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

          Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
          great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
          moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

          The Church of Perranzabuloe
          http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



          Sources:
          ========

          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

          Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

          Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of
          Message 4 of 13 , Mar 3 5:36 PM
            Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Ciaran of Saigher
            * St. Piran of Padstowe
            * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
            * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



            St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
            --------------------------------------------
            5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
            contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
            was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
            but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
            consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
            hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
            were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
            which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
            Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
            their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
            community.

            There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
            including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
            are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
            these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
            Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
            fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
            creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
            at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
            to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
            them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
            Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

            and:

            This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
            reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

            Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
            however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
            Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
            Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
            France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

            There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
            other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
            "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
            women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
            rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
            convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
            monastery.

            When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
            Erin,
            Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
            then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
            more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
            arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
            abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
            The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
            also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

            Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
            this
            ancient hermit and bishop.

            One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
            monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
            child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
            Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
            abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
            Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
            chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
            God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
            from Palestine to Chaldea.

            A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
            Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
            servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
            monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
            only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
            that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
            very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
            eaten by a wolf.

            Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
            Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
            with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
            restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
            prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
            sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
            that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
            to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
            began to eat with his usual gusto.

            The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
            of
            Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
            minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
            enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
            on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
            identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
            him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
            day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
            bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
            come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
            lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
            with a recital of their sweetest songs.
            The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

            Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
            that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
            "and you shall receive."
            --Father Robert F. McNamara


            Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
            Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
            our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
            raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
            asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

            Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
            Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
            Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
            thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
            being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
            into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


            St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
            -------------------------------------------------------
            Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
            of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
            Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
            ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
            is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
            Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
            record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
            saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
            miners are called.

            Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
            style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
            or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
            chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
            entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
            Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
            century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
            relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
            cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
            excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
            them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

            The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
            brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
            in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
            Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
            estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
            Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
            Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
            Brienc.

            St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
            various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
            as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
            metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
            appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
            suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
            as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
            out of darkness, good from evil.

            * * *

            Another Life of St. Piran:
            http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

            Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
            Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
            Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
            Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
            together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
            most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
            Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
            community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

            Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
            jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
            tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
            during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
            millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
            sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
            Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
            bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
            locals.

            Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
            Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
            trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
            from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
            Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
            though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

            Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
            Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
            when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
            heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
            this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
            living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
            where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
            resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
            of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
            Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

            Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
            great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
            moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

            The Church of Perranzabuloe
            http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



            Sources:
            ========

            Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
            Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

            Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

            Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of
            Message 5 of 13 , Mar 4 6:10 PM
              Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Ciaran of Saigher
              * St. Piran of Padstowe
              * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
              * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



              St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
              --------------------------------------------
              5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
              contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
              was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
              but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
              consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
              hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
              were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
              which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
              Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
              their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
              community.

              There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
              including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
              are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
              these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
              Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
              fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
              creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
              at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
              to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
              them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
              Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

              and:

              This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
              reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

              Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
              however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
              Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
              Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
              France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

              There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
              other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
              "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
              women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
              rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
              convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
              monastery.

              When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
              Erin,
              Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
              then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
              more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
              arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
              abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
              The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
              also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

              Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
              this
              ancient hermit and bishop.

              One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
              monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
              child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
              Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
              abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
              Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
              chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
              God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
              from Palestine to Chaldea.

              A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
              Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
              servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
              monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
              only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
              that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
              very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
              eaten by a wolf.

              Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
              Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
              with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
              restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
              prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
              sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
              that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
              to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
              began to eat with his usual gusto.

              The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
              of
              Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
              minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
              enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
              on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
              identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
              him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
              day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
              bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
              come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
              lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
              with a recital of their sweetest songs.
              The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

              Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
              that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
              "and you shall receive."
              --Father Robert F. McNamara


              Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
              Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
              our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
              raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
              asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

              Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
              Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
              Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
              thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
              being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
              into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


              St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
              -------------------------------------------------------
              Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
              of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
              Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
              ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
              is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
              Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
              record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
              saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
              miners are called.

              Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
              style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
              or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
              chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
              entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
              Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
              century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
              relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
              cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
              excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
              them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

              The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
              brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
              in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
              Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
              estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
              Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
              Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
              Brienc.

              St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
              various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
              as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
              metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
              appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
              suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
              as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
              out of darkness, good from evil.

              * * *

              Another Life of St. Piran:
              http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

              Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
              Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
              Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
              Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
              together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
              most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
              Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
              community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

              Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
              jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
              tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
              during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
              millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
              sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
              Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
              bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
              locals.

              Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
              Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
              trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
              from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
              Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
              though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

              Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
              Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
              when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
              heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
              this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
              living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
              where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
              resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
              of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
              Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

              Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
              great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
              moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

              The Church of Perranzabuloe
              http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



              Sources:
              ========

              Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
              Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

              Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

              Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              Orthodox Ireland Saints
              http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of
              Message 6 of 13 , Mar 4 8:52 PM
                Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Ciaran of Saigher
                * St. Piran of Padstowe
                * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
                * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



                St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
                --------------------------------------------
                5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
                contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
                was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
                but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
                consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
                hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
                were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
                which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
                Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
                their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
                community.

                There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
                including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
                are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
                these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
                Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
                fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
                creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
                at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
                to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
                them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
                Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

                and:

                This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
                reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

                Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
                however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
                Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
                Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
                France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

                There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
                other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
                "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
                women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
                rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
                convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
                monastery.

                When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
                Erin,
                Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
                then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
                more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
                arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
                abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
                The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
                also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

                Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
                this
                ancient hermit and bishop.

                One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
                monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
                child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
                Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
                abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
                Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
                chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
                God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
                from Palestine to Chaldea.

                A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
                Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
                servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
                monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
                only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
                that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
                very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
                eaten by a wolf.

                Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
                Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
                with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
                restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
                prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
                sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
                that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
                to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
                began to eat with his usual gusto.

                The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
                of
                Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
                minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
                enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
                on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
                identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
                him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
                day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
                bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
                come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
                lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
                with a recital of their sweetest songs.
                The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

                Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
                that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
                "and you shall receive."
                --Father Robert F. McNamara


                Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
                Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
                our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
                raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
                asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

                Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
                Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
                Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
                thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
                being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
                into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


                St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
                -------------------------------------------------------
                Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
                of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
                Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
                ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
                is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
                Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
                record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
                saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
                miners are called.

                Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
                style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
                or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
                chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
                entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
                Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
                century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
                relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
                cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
                excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
                them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

                The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
                brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
                in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
                Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
                estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
                Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
                Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
                Brienc.

                St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
                various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
                as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
                metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
                appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
                suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
                as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
                out of darkness, good from evil.

                * * *

                Another Life of St. Piran:
                http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

                Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
                Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
                Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
                Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
                together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
                most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
                Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
                community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

                Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
                jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
                tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
                during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
                millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
                sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
                Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
                bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
                locals.

                Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
                Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
                trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
                from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
                Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
                though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

                Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
                Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
                when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
                heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
                this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
                living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
                where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
                resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
                of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
                Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

                Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
                great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
                moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

                The Church of Perranzabuloe
                http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



                Sources:
                ========

                Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

                Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                Orthodox Ireland Saints
                http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of
                Message 7 of 13 , Mar 5 2:54 AM
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Ciaran of Saigher
                  * St. Piran of Padstowe
                  * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
                  * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



                  St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
                  --------------------------------------------
                  5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
                  contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
                  was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
                  but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
                  consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
                  hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
                  were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
                  which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
                  Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
                  their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
                  community.

                  There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
                  including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
                  are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
                  these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
                  Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
                  fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
                  creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
                  at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
                  to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
                  them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
                  Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

                  and:

                  This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
                  reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

                  Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
                  however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
                  Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
                  Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
                  France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

                  There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
                  other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
                  "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
                  women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
                  rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
                  convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
                  monastery.

                  When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
                  Erin,
                  Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
                  then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
                  more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
                  arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
                  abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
                  The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
                  also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

                  Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
                  this
                  ancient hermit and bishop.

                  One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
                  monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
                  child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
                  Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
                  abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
                  Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
                  chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
                  God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
                  from Palestine to Chaldea.

                  A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
                  Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
                  servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
                  monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
                  only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
                  that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
                  very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
                  eaten by a wolf.

                  Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
                  Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
                  with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
                  restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
                  prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
                  sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
                  that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
                  to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
                  began to eat with his usual gusto.

                  The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
                  of
                  Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
                  minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
                  enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
                  on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
                  identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
                  him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
                  day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
                  bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
                  come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
                  lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
                  with a recital of their sweetest songs.
                  The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

                  Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
                  that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
                  "and you shall receive."
                  --Father Robert F. McNamara


                  Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
                  Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
                  our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
                  raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
                  asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

                  Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
                  Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
                  Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
                  thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
                  being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
                  into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


                  St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
                  -------------------------------------------------------
                  Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
                  of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
                  Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
                  ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
                  is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
                  Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
                  record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
                  saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
                  miners are called.

                  Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
                  style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
                  or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
                  chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
                  entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
                  Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
                  century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
                  relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
                  cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
                  excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
                  them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

                  The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
                  brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
                  in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
                  Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
                  estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
                  Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
                  Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
                  Brienc.

                  St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
                  various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
                  as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
                  metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
                  appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
                  suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
                  as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
                  out of darkness, good from evil.

                  * * *

                  Another Life of St. Piran:
                  http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

                  Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
                  Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
                  Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
                  Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
                  together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
                  most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
                  Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
                  community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

                  Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
                  jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
                  tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
                  during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
                  millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
                  sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
                  Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
                  bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
                  locals.

                  Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
                  Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
                  trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
                  from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
                  Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
                  though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

                  Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
                  Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
                  when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
                  heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
                  this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
                  living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
                  where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
                  resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
                  of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
                  Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

                  Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
                  great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
                  moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

                  The Church of Perranzabuloe
                  http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                  Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                  Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

                  Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  Orthodox Ireland Saints
                  http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of
                  Message 8 of 13 , Mar 4 4:48 AM
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Ciaran of Saigher
                    * St. Piran of Padstowe
                    * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
                    * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



                    St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
                    --------------------------------------------
                    5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
                    contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
                    was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
                    but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
                    consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
                    hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
                    were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
                    which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
                    Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
                    their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
                    community.

                    There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
                    including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
                    are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
                    these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
                    Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
                    fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
                    creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
                    at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
                    to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
                    them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
                    Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

                    and:

                    This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
                    reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

                    Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
                    however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
                    Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
                    Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
                    France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

                    There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
                    other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
                    "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
                    women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
                    rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
                    convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
                    monastery.

                    When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
                    Erin,
                    Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
                    then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
                    more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
                    arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
                    abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
                    The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
                    also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

                    Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
                    this
                    ancient hermit and bishop.

                    One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
                    monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
                    child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
                    Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
                    abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
                    Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
                    chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
                    God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
                    from Palestine to Chaldea.

                    A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
                    Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
                    servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
                    monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
                    only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
                    that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
                    very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
                    eaten by a wolf.

                    Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
                    Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
                    with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
                    restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
                    prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
                    sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
                    that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
                    to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
                    began to eat with his usual gusto.

                    The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
                    of
                    Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
                    minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
                    enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
                    on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
                    identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
                    him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
                    day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
                    bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
                    come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
                    lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
                    with a recital of their sweetest songs.
                    The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

                    Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
                    that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
                    "and you shall receive."
                    --Father Robert F. McNamara


                    Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
                    Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
                    our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
                    raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
                    asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

                    Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
                    Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
                    Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
                    thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
                    being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
                    into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


                    St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
                    -------------------------------------------------------
                    Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
                    of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
                    Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
                    ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
                    is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
                    Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
                    record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
                    saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
                    miners are called.

                    Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
                    style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
                    or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
                    chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
                    entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
                    Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
                    century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
                    relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
                    cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
                    excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
                    them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

                    The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
                    brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
                    in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
                    Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
                    estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
                    Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
                    Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
                    Brienc.

                    St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
                    various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
                    as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
                    metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
                    appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
                    suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
                    as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
                    out of darkness, good from evil.

                    * * *

                    Another Life of St. Piran:
                    http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

                    Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
                    Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
                    Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
                    Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
                    together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
                    most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
                    Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
                    community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

                    Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
                    jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
                    tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
                    during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
                    millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
                    sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
                    Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
                    bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
                    locals.

                    Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
                    Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
                    trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
                    from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
                    Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
                    though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

                    Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
                    Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
                    when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
                    heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
                    this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
                    living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
                    where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
                    resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
                    of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
                    Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

                    Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
                    great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
                    moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

                    The Church of Perranzabuloe
                    http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                    Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                    Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

                    Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    Orthodox Ireland Saints
                    http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of
                    Message 9 of 13 , Mar 4 1:25 PM
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Ciaran of Saigher
                      * St. Piran of Padstowe
                      * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
                      * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



                      St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
                      --------------------------------------------
                      5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
                      contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
                      was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
                      but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
                      consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
                      hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
                      were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
                      which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
                      Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
                      their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
                      community.

                      There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
                      including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
                      are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
                      these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
                      Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
                      fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
                      creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
                      at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
                      to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
                      them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
                      Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

                      and:

                      This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
                      reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

                      Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
                      however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
                      Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
                      Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
                      France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

                      There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
                      other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
                      "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
                      women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
                      rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
                      convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
                      monastery.

                      When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
                      Erin,
                      Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
                      then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
                      more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
                      arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
                      abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
                      The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
                      also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

                      Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
                      this
                      ancient hermit and bishop.

                      One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
                      monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
                      child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
                      Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
                      abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
                      Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
                      chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
                      God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
                      from Palestine to Chaldea.

                      A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
                      Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
                      servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
                      monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
                      only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
                      that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
                      very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
                      eaten by a wolf.

                      Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
                      Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
                      with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
                      restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
                      prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
                      sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
                      that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
                      to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
                      began to eat with his usual gusto.

                      The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
                      of
                      Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
                      minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
                      enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
                      on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
                      identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
                      him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
                      day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
                      bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
                      come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
                      lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
                      with a recital of their sweetest songs.
                      The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

                      Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
                      that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
                      "and you shall receive."
                      --Father Robert F. McNamara


                      Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
                      Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
                      our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
                      raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
                      asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

                      Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
                      Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
                      Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
                      thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
                      being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
                      into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


                      St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
                      -------------------------------------------------------
                      Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
                      of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
                      Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
                      ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
                      is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
                      Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
                      record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
                      saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
                      miners are called.

                      Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
                      style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
                      or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
                      chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
                      entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
                      Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
                      century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
                      relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
                      cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
                      excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
                      them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

                      The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
                      brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
                      in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
                      Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
                      estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
                      Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
                      Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
                      Brienc.

                      St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
                      various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
                      as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
                      metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
                      appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
                      suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
                      as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
                      out of darkness, good from evil.

                      * * *

                      Another Life of St. Piran:
                      http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

                      Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
                      Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
                      Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
                      Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
                      together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
                      most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
                      Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
                      community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

                      Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
                      jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
                      tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
                      during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
                      millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
                      sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
                      Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
                      bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
                      locals.

                      Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
                      Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
                      trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
                      from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
                      Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
                      though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

                      Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
                      Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
                      when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
                      heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
                      this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
                      living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
                      where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
                      resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
                      of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
                      Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

                      Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
                      great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
                      moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

                      The Church of Perranzabuloe
                      http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



                      Sources:
                      ========

                      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                      Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

                      Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      Orthodox Ireland Saints
                      http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of Armagh,
                      Message 10 of 13 , Mar 4 8:18 PM
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Ciaran of Saigher
                        * St. Piran of Padstowe
                        * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
                        * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



                        St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
                        --------------------------------------------
                        5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
                        contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
                        was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
                        but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
                        consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
                        hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
                        were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
                        which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
                        Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
                        their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
                        community.

                        There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
                        including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
                        are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
                        these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
                        Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
                        fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
                        creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
                        at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
                        to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
                        them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
                        Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

                        and:

                        This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
                        reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

                        Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
                        however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
                        Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
                        Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
                        France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

                        There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
                        other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
                        "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
                        women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
                        rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
                        convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
                        monastery.

                        When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
                        Erin,
                        Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
                        then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
                        more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
                        arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
                        abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
                        The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
                        also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

                        Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
                        this
                        ancient hermit and bishop.

                        One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
                        monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
                        child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
                        Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
                        abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
                        Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
                        chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
                        God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
                        from Palestine to Chaldea.

                        A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
                        Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
                        servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
                        monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
                        only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
                        that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
                        very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
                        eaten by a wolf.

                        Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
                        Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
                        with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
                        restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
                        prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
                        sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
                        that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
                        to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
                        began to eat with his usual gusto.

                        The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
                        of
                        Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
                        minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
                        enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
                        on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
                        identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
                        him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
                        day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
                        bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
                        come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
                        lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
                        with a recital of their sweetest songs.
                        The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

                        Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
                        that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
                        "and you shall receive."
                        --Father Robert F. McNamara


                        Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
                        Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
                        our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
                        raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
                        asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

                        Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
                        Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
                        Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
                        thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
                        being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
                        into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


                        St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
                        -------------------------------------------------------
                        Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
                        of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
                        Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
                        ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
                        is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
                        Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
                        record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
                        saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
                        miners are called.

                        Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
                        style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
                        or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
                        chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
                        entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
                        Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
                        century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
                        relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
                        cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
                        excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
                        them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

                        The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
                        brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
                        in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
                        Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
                        estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
                        Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
                        Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
                        Brienc.

                        St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
                        various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
                        as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
                        metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
                        appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
                        suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
                        as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
                        out of darkness, good from evil.

                        * * *

                        Another Life of St. Piran:
                        http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

                        Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
                        Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
                        Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
                        Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
                        together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
                        most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
                        Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
                        community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

                        Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
                        jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
                        tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
                        during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
                        millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
                        sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
                        Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
                        bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
                        locals.

                        Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
                        Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
                        trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
                        from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
                        Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
                        though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

                        Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
                        Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
                        when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
                        heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
                        this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
                        living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
                        where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
                        resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
                        of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
                        Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

                        Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
                        great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
                        moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

                        The Church of Perranzabuloe
                        http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



                        Sources:
                        ========

                        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                        Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

                        Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        Orthodox Ireland Saints
                        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Ciaran of Saigher * St. Piran of Padstowe * St. Colman of Armagh,
                        Message 11 of 13 , Mar 4 3:13 AM
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 5 March

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Ciaran of Saigher
                          * St. Piran of Padstowe
                          * St. Colman of Armagh, Buried by Saint Patrick
                          * St. Caron, Bishop of Tregaron, Cardiganshire, Wales
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=



                          St. Ciaran of Saigher, Bishop and Confessor of Ossory, Ireland
                          --------------------------------------------
                          5th century. St. Ciaran or Kieran, the Elder is believed to have been a
                          contemporary of St. Patrick if not a precursor of this great saint. He
                          was born at Cape Clear, where there is a church reputedly built by him,
                          but he went to the Continent for his education and was ordained and
                          consecrated bishop there before returning to Ireland. He settled as a
                          hermit at Saighir near to the Slieve Bloom Mountains but soon disciples
                          were attracted to him and a large monastery grew up round his cell,
                          which became the chosen burial place for the Kings of Ossory. His mother
                          Liaden is said to have gone to Saighir with a group of women who devoted
                          their lives to the service of God and the members of her son's
                          community.

                          There are many stories of miracles wrought by God through Ciaran,
                          including several restorations to life of those who had died, and there
                          are charming tales of his relations with the animal kingdom. One of
                          these related how the most blessed bishop and first begotten of the
                          Saints of Ireland "as a youth saw a hawk swooping down and snatching a
                          fledgling from its nest. Ciaran, moved with pity for the little
                          creature, prayed for its deliverance and the hawk flew down and laid it
                          at his feet, torn and bleeding, but at once it was wonderfully restored
                          to health and strength. There are considerable remains at Saighir among
                          them the carved base of a high cross and St. Ciaran is regarded as the
                          Patron of Munster with the fifth of March as his feast day.

                          and:

                          This St. Kieran is commemorated in all dioceses of Ireland, for he is
                          reputed to have been the "firstborn" of Irish saints.

                          Kieran's biography is full of obscurities. It is commonly said,
                          however, that he left Ireland before the arrival of St. Patrick. Already a
                          Christian, and of royal Ulster blood, he had determined to study for the
                          Church; hence, he secured an education at Tours and Rome. On his return from
                          France, he built himself a little cell in the woods of Upper Ossory.

                          There he spent the next few years as a hermit. Inevitably, however,
                          other devout men joined him to form a monastery called "Saigher" (that is,
                          "Sier-Ciaran," - "Kieran's Seat"). Later, he built nearby a monastery for
                          women, the care of which he entrusted to his mother Liadan. Thus Kieran,
                          rather than Brigid, seems to have been the pioneer founder of Irish women's
                          convents. Around these foundations arose a village called Saigher, after the
                          monastery.

                          When St. Patrick arrived in Ireland to carry the Faith throughout
                          Erin,
                          Abbot Kieran gave him his glad assistance. Some writers say that Kieran was
                          then already a bishop, having been ordained while on the continent. It seems
                          more likely, however, that he was one of the twelve men that Patrick, on his
                          arrival, consecrated as helpers. It was customary in the early days for
                          abbots to be ordained as bishops but to remain heads of their monasteries.
                          The Diocese of Ossory considers Abbot Kieran as its first bishop. (He may
                          also be the St. "Piran" venerated in Cornwall, Wales and Brittany.)

                          Many legends inevitably arose, too charming to leave untold, about
                          this
                          ancient hermit and bishop.

                          One story involves the Christmas communion of St. Cuach, Abbess of a
                          monastery far away from Saigher. She had been Kieran's nurse when he was a
                          child, and as a priest he always celebrated Mass for her community on
                          Christmas night, after having presided at the midnight Mass of his own
                          abbey. But nobody could figure out how he got to the convent of
                          Ross-Bennchuir, so many miles distant, and returned that same night. The
                          chronicler of the story suggests that it was by a miracle like that in which
                          God once lifted up the prophet Habakkuk by the hair of his head and sped him
                          from Palestine to Chaldea.

                          A second tale was that of Chrichidh, the boy from Clonmacnois whom St.
                          Kieran had admitted to his monastery as a servant. One Easter the young
                          servant mischievously extinguished the Easter Fire. (This was lighted at the
                          monastery annually on Holy Saturday, and then kept burning all year as the
                          only source of warmth or light in the monastic household.) Kieran predicted
                          that for this thoughtless act, the lad would meet an untimely death. The
                          very next day, as Chrichidh sauntered through the woods, he was killed and
                          eaten by a wolf.

                          Soon afterward, St. Kieran the Younger (of Clonmacnois) arrived at
                          Saigher, and was invited to dine by its monks. But he said he would not eat
                          with them until his young friend Chrichidh from Clonmacnois had been
                          restored to life. Out of hospitality in their chilly abbey, the older Kieran
                          prayed for a little heat, and a ball of fire landed in his lap, which
                          sufficed to warm up monks and visitor. Bishop Kieran then told his namesake
                          that he should not hesitate to sit at table with them, for the boy was about
                          to enter. Thereupon Chrichidh, raised from the dead, came in, sat down, and
                          began to eat with his usual gusto.

                          The last story also concerns a miraculous resuscitation. King Aengus
                          of
                          Munster had seven minstrels whose songs about dead heroes pleased him. These
                          minstrels, wandering through the land, were one day murdered by the king's
                          enemies. They threw the bodies into the waters of a bog and hung their harps
                          on a tree. Aengus mourned the loss. But St. Kieran informed him that the
                          identity of the murderers and the place of the killing had been revealed to
                          him. The king accompanied the saint to the spot. After Kieran had fasted a
                          day on bread and water, the bog went dry, and he and Aengus saw the seven
                          bodies of the songsters lying in the mud. Kieran then prayed that they might
                          come back to life. Although a month dead, all seven promptly arose, their
                          lives fully restored. Taking their harps, they thanked their benefactors
                          with a recital of their sweetest songs.
                          The chronicler concluded, "That bog has remained dry ever since."

                          Whatever the truth of this legend, one central fact remains certain:
                          that God will heed the prayers of a worthy person. "Ask," said our Lord,
                          "and you shall receive."
                          --Father Robert F. McNamara


                          Troparion of St Kieran Tone 4
                          Leaving the darkness of paganism,/ thou wast drawn by the radiance of
                          our pure and saving Faith, O Father Kieran,/ and shunning the costly
                          raiment of the episcopate,/ thou didst spend thy life in severest
                          asceticism,/ thereby seeking the salvation of men's souls.

                          Kontakion of St Kieran Tone 8
                          Bread was thy meat and water thy wine, O blessed ascetic and great
                          Father Kieran./ Rejecting clothing and comfort, thou didst enfold
                          thyself in prayer, becoming a model of piety./ Wherefore we pray that,
                          being stripped of all worldly affection,/ our lives may be transformed
                          into a visible prayer to our Triune God.


                          St. Piran of Padstowe, Monk of Perranporth, Cornwall
                          -------------------------------------------------------
                          Died 480. In Cornwall and Brittany March 5th is observed as the feast
                          of St. Piran or Perran and many scholars have identified him with St.
                          Ciaran. Of these John of Tynmouth, who wrote his medieval biography,
                          ascribes similar stories to the two saints, if indeed they are two! What
                          is certain is that Piran was one of the missionaries which came to
                          Cornwall from Ireland and Wales and it seems sensible for us to merely
                          record what we know of this saint, who is the most popular of Cornish
                          saints and the patron, if not of the Duchy at least of the ? , as the
                          miners are called.

                          Perranporth is the traditional place of Piran's arrival, in true Celtic
                          style on a mill stone according to legend. Inland among the sand dunes,
                          or ?, lies buried one of the oldest churches in these islands, his
                          chapel at Perranzabuloc. In the Middle Ages relics of the saint who lay
                          entombed beneath the altar were shown to pilgrims and it was, with St
                          Michaels's Mount, the most frequented of holy places. In the twelfth
                          century however the sands were engulfing the ancient edifice and the
                          relics had to be removed to another church although the old standing
                          cross remained among the dunes. In 1834 the walls were discovered and
                          excavated and in 1910 they were encased in a concrete shell to protect
                          them but they are now again hidden beneath the sand.

                          The preaching of this holy man and the miracles granted through him
                          brought so many people to God that there are numerous dedications to him
                          in Cornwall and in Brittany and South Wales. As you might expect, in
                          Cornwall, the places associated with him are in the region of the Fal
                          estuary, which was the usual embarkation place for Brittany.
                          Perrarworthal has a Perranwell and then there are Perrannthnoe and
                          Perran Downs. In Brittany Saint Perran is a small place south of Saint
                          Brienc.

                          St. Piran is believed to have been interested in stones and collected
                          various mineral bearing rocks, one particularly large black one he used
                          as the hearth for his fire and was amazed when it got very hot a flow of
                          metal came out white in colour and in the shape of a cross. This
                          appearance of tin not only made him the patron of tinners but also
                          suggested his flag, a silver cross on a black ground which is often used
                          as the standard of Cornwall and symbolizes the Christian Gospel, light
                          out of darkness, good from evil.

                          * * *

                          Another Life of St. Piran:
                          http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintp43.htm

                          Piran's family origins are obscure; tradition says he came from Ireland.
                          Spent his youth in South Wales where he founded a church in Cardiff.
                          Received religious schooling @ the monastery of Saint Cadog @
                          Llancarfon, where he would have met Saint Finnian. The two returned
                          together to Ireland where Finnian founded six monasteries, including his
                          most famous one at Clonard. Piran lived there before Saint Enda on Aran
                          Island, and then Saint Senan on Scattery Island. Founded his own
                          community at Clonmacnoise, "Ireland's University".

                          Cornish legend says Piran was captured in his old age by pagan Irish,
                          jealous of his miraculous powers, especially his ability to heal. They
                          tied a millstone around his neck, and threw him off a cliff into the sea
                          during a storm. As Piran hit the water the storm abated and the
                          millstone bobbed to the surface like a cork. On his stone raft, Piran
                          sailed for Cornwall, landed @ Perran Beach, built a small chapel on
                          Penhale Sands, and made his first converts - a badger, a fox, and a
                          bear. He lived there for years as a hermit, working miracles for the
                          locals.

                          Piran founded churches @ Perran-Uthno and Perran-Arworthal, a chapel @
                          Tintagel, and a holy-well called the "Venton-Barren" @ Probus. Made
                          trips to Brittany where he worked with Saint Cai. Arthurian tradition
                          from Geoffrey of Monmouth says he was chaplain to King Arthur, and
                          Archbishop of York after Saint Samson was exiled by Saxon invasions,
                          though it's doubtful he ever took up his See.

                          Piran's patronage of Cornwall derives from his popularity with the
                          Cornish tin-miners. Legend says that Piran discovered tin in Cornwall
                          when he used a large black rock to build a fireplace, and found that the
                          heat made a trickle of pure white metal ooze from the stone. He shared
                          this discovery with the locals, providing Cornish with a lucrative
                          living. The people were so delighted that they held a sumptuous feast
                          where the wine flowed like water. Piran was fond of the odd tipple, and
                          resulting in the Cornish phrase "As drunk as a Perraner". The trickled
                          of white metal upon a black background remains as the White Cross of
                          Saint Piran on the Cornish National flag.

                          Piran died at his little hermitage near the beach. His relics were a
                          great draw to pilgrims but, due to inundation by the sands, they were
                          moved inland to the Parish Church of Perran-Zabulo, built to house them.

                          The Church of Perranzabuloe
                          http://homepages.tesco.net/~k.wasley/Perranzab.htm



                          Sources:
                          ========

                          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                          Flanagan, Lawrence. A Chronicle of Irish Saints

                          Mildran, James. Saints of the South West

                          For All the Saints: - new active link
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                          http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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