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524312 February

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Feb 15, 2014
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 12 February

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      * St. Siadhal of Ireland
      * St. Ethelwald of Lindisfarne
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      St. Siadhal (Sedulius, Seadhal, Siadal)
      -------------------------------------------------
      5th century. Sedulius (known in Irish as Siadhal, pronounced Shiel), was
      an Irish priest known as the Christian Virgil on the strength of his
      epic poem in five books "Carmen Paschale" . He left Ireland to found a
      school of poetry in Athens, proving that outstanding scholarship existed
      on the Emerald Isle prior to Saint Patrick. While he was still in
      Ireland, he may have been a disciple of Saint Ailbhe (f.d. September
      12).

      In 494, a decree of the First Roman Council contained a phrase
      "honouring by signal praise the Paschal Work of the Venerable man,
      Sedulius" We know that the oldest manuscript from Siadhal was that
      recorded by the monks of Saint Columbanus at Bobbio (Montague).

      Text of Carmen Paschale:
      http://proto.oed.com/oe2.html

      Brief Explanation of Carmen Paschale:
      http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13680a.htm

      "Open me the way that to the City bright
      Leads forth; let Thy Word's lamp be light
      To guide my footsteps through the narrow gate,
      Where the Good Shepherd feeds His sheep, elate:
      There first the Virgin's white lamb entered
      And all His fair flock followed where He led!
      With Thee how smooth the way: for Nature all
      Thine empire owns! Thou speakest, her fetters fall
      And all her wonted shows new forms assume:
      The frozen fields will into verdure bloom
      And winter gild with grain: if Thou but will
      'Mid budding Spring the swelling grape shall fill,
      And sudden labor tread the bursting vine.
      All seasons answer to the call Divine!"

      (the above is an extract from his Carmen Paschale, or Easter Song)

      And from his Nativity Hymn "A solis ortu cardine"

      At both the confines of the earth,
      where suns arise again and set,
      Christ shall be sung, The Prince whose birth
      puts us in maiden Mary's debt.

      Blessed the Author of the world,
      who took a body like a slave:
      to save us through flesh from loss incurred
      the flesh He had made, His flesh He gave.

      Closed was His mother's womb before,
      still closed when Grace came through the door.
      Sweet virgin! She had not foreseen
      that Heaven in her to earth would lean.

      Down to her spotless ark God came,
      the very temple for His name.
      Did ever virgin have a son?
      This one God for her child had won.

      Egress she gave to Him at length
      Whose coming Gabriel had declared,
      Whose presence John's exultant strength
      adoring, with his mother shared.

      Freely He chose, possessing all,
      the hay-strewn bed the cattle stall;
      and He who gives the birds their bread
      Himself on meagre milk was fed.

      "Glory," Saints and Angels sang:
      heaven with their praises rang;
      while shepherds watched with wondering eyes
      the Shepherd Who had made the world.




      St. Ethelwald of Lindisfarne, Bishop
      (Aethelweald, Aedilauld)
      ------------------------------------------------
      Born in Northumbria; died c. 740; second feast of the translation of his
      relics by King Edgar to Westminster on April 21. Ethelwald was one of
      Saint Cuthbert's (f.d. March 20) chief assistants. He was prior and then
      abbot of Old Melrose in Scotland. On the death of Saint Edfrith (f.d.
      June 4), Ethelwald succeeded to the see of Lindisfarne. His interest in
      Edfrith's work is demonstrated by his patronage of the hermit Saint
      Billfrith (f.d. March 6), who made at his request a binding for it of
      gold and precious stones (now lost). His relics were translated from
      Lindisfarne with those of Saint Cuthbert. A stone cross bearing his name
      went from Lindisfarne to Durham. A compilation by him called "Ymnarius
      Edilwald" may be the source of the "Book of Cerne" (Benedictines,
      Farmer).


      Sources:
      ========


      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      For All the Saints: - new active link
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
      http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

      *********************************

      Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
      or the prayer corner at home.
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875

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