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Fwd: [WCPA General] INTERVIEW WITH PAUL EAGLES ON Ecotourism and Wildlife.

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  • Lloyd Gardner
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    Message 1 of 1 , May 29, 2004
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      >X-Original-To: lgardne@...
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      >Date: Thu, 27 May 2004 10:42:12 +0200
      >From: SHEPPARD David <DAS@...>
      >Subject: [WCPA General] INTERVIEW WITH PAUL EAGLES ON Ecotourism and
      >Wildlife.
      >To: wcpa_general@...
      >Thread-Topic: INTERVIEW WITH PAUL EAGLES ON Ecotourism and Wildlife.
      >Thread-Index: AcRDNQ5E40e8H23CT4CR/n3xNHzU7AAja82Q
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      >
      >Dear WCPA Members
      >
      >Please find attached an interview between an Italian journalist and Paul
      >Eagles, Head of the IUCN/WCPA Tourism Task Force, on the topic of
      >Ecotourism and Wildlife.
      >
      >Copied for information - maybe there may be some useful material for your
      >work here.
      >
      >If you want more information on tourism and protected areas please visit
      >the WCPA website, where you can download the publication: Sustainable
      >Tourism in Protected Areas"
      >
      ><http://www.iucn.org/themes/wcpa/pubs/pdfs/tourism_guidelines.pdf>http://www.iucn.org/themes/wcpa/pubs/pdfs/tourism_guidelines.pdf
      >
      >
      >KInd regards
      >
      >
      >
      >David Sheppard
      >Head, IUCN Programme on Protected Areas; and
      >Secretary-General 2003 World Parks Congress.
      >Direct Line: ++41 (22) 999-0162; Web:
      ><http://wcpa.iucn.org/>http://www.iucn.org/themes/wcpa/
      >
      >-----Original Message-----
      >From: Paul F. J. Eagles [mailto:eagles@...]
      >Sent: 26 May 2004 17:21
      >To: fedeli@...
      >Cc: SHEPPARD David; r.bushell@...
      >Subject: Ecotourism and Wildlife.
      >
      >Damiano Fedeli,
      >
      >I understand that you are an Italian freelance journalist writing a story
      >for the Italian weekly magazine "Panorama" about the risks to the wildlife
      >caused by ecotourists. David Sheppard of the IUCN head office has asked me
      >to reply to your questions. I will reply to each question in turn.
      >
      >Question: Ecotourism has clear benefits for poor countries, for example.
      >But is it a really sustainable activity?
      >
      >Answer: Ecotourism has clear benefits for all countries that practice the
      >activity in a sustainable fashion. The activity is very sustainable when
      >properly managed The key issue is that of management. There must be
      >competent and effective management for the activity to provide maximum
      >positive benefits and minimum negative benefits.
      >
      >Question: Do you know other cases of species particularly disturbed by
      >tourists (change of behaviors, physiological damages, diseases caused by
      >human beings, etc.)?
      >
      >Answer: There is a very large body of literature dealing with these
      >issues. Disturbance of the wildlife varies in severity from minor
      >behavioral change to major change involving injury and death. One key
      >aspect of ecotourism is that the people interested in observing wildlife
      >are concerned about the welfare of the individuals. Therefore many of the
      >ecotourists are active lobbyists in developing and implementing codes of
      >conduct and management activities. Another important issue is what level
      >of impact is considered to important. Is a minor behavioral change, say
      >moving in another direction, important?
      >
      >Question: On the contrary, do you know cases of particularly well-managed
      >areas where the animals do not suffer the presence of visitors? What has
      >been done in these areas to avoid interferences?
      >
      >Answer: Most of the world's parks and protected areas do a good job of
      >managing their wildlife. The biggest problems for the managers are
      >poachers, illegal loggers, illegal miners and farmers. The impacts caused
      >by these groups are much more negative than those caused by tourists.
      >
      >Question: What should be done to avoid damages to the biodiversity caused
      >by people who - on their intentions - visit an area to protect it?
      >
      >Answer: The most effective way to avoid damage is a well funded and
      >effective park management. I can not emphasize this too much. There must
      >be effective management.
      >
      >Question: Do you think that scientists should collect data on the animals
      >before admitting tourists and then monitor the same animals and - if
      >something wrong is noticed - stop the tourism?
      >
      >Answer: It is not feasible to have all tourism start only after scientists
      >collect data. There are many schemes available that allow for ongoing
      >monitoring and evaluation of tourism. For example the Limits of Acceptable
      >Change process allows for ongoing monitoring that inputs into decision making.
      >
      >Question: What could happen to countries whose economy is strongly based
      >on ecotourists if it would be demonstrated that it isn't a sustainable
      >activity?
      >
      >Answer: If a country's economy is based on ecotourism, as for example
      >Tanzania, it is essential that the wildlife populations be maintained. If
      >tourism or any other activity damages the wildlife populations to a
      >considerable extent then the tourism will be damaged. It is this link
      >between tourism and conservation that makes ecotourism such a positive
      >force. The wildlife populations must be maintained if the tourism is to be
      >sustained. And in many countries the tourism is essential for the
      >wildlife. For example, it is the tourism fees and charges that pays for
      >the wildlife management. I call this the virtuous circle of ecotourism.
      >People, tourism and conservation are all linked in a positive circle. Each
      >depends on the other.
      >
      >Question: What kind of rules should be respected?
      >
      >Answer: The answer to this is very complicated. For full and effective
      >wildlife management and ecotourism there must be a management structure
      >involving competent staff, effective laws, finance, marketing and
      >monitoring. I would like to refer you to our book on this subject.
      >Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and
      >Management. This can be found at the IUCN Web Site at:
      >http://www.iucn.org/themes/wcpa/pubs/guidelines.htm#tourism. This book is
      >the result of 5 years of preparation and is one summary of the available
      >literature and experience on effective sustainable tourism in parks and
      >protected areas.
      >
      >I hope this answers your questions.
      >
      >Paul F. J. Eagles, Professor,
      >Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies,
      >University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. N2L 3G1
      >Telephone: 519-888-4567 ext. 2716.
      >
      >Personal Web Page: http://www.ahs.uwaterloo.ca/~eagles/
      >
      >and
      >
      >Chair, Task Force on Tourism and Protected Areas,
      >World Commission on Protected Areas,
      >World Conservation Union (IUCN).
      >Gland, Switzerland.
      >
      >Task Force Web Page: http://wcpa.iucn.org/taskforce/tourism/tourism.html
      >and http://www.ahs.uwaterloo.ca/rec/title.html
      >
      >
      >
      >
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      >This message was sent to you at: lgardne@...
      >
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