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Secondhand tobbaco smoke- secondhand car smoke?

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  • Carlos F. Pardo SUTP
    This is a nice idea of a goal that is slowly (but surely) being achieved. The carfree movement will learn a lot from this history… Carlos. Original source:
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 28, 2006
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      This is a nice idea of a goal that is slowly (but surely) being achieved.
      The carfree movement will learn a lot from this history…



      Carlos.



      Original source:
      http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/28/health/28smoke.html?ex=1152158400
      <http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/28/health/28smoke.html?ex=1152158400&en=4246
      cd150f1ca863&ei=5070> &en=4246cd150f1ca863&ei=5070

      A Warning on Hazards of Secondhand Smoke



      By JOHN O'NEIL
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/o/john_oneil/ind
      ex.html?inline=nyt-per>

      Published: June 28, 2006

      The evidence is now "indisputable" that secondhand smoke is an "alarming"
      public health hazard, responsible for tens of thousands of premature deaths
      among nonsmokers each year, Surgeon General Richard H. Carmona said
      yesterday.


      <http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/28/health/28smoke.html?ex=1152158400&en=4246
      cd150f1ca863&ei=5070#secondParagraph#secondParagraph> Skip to next
      paragraphDr. Carmona warned that measures like no-
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics
      /smoking/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier> smoking sections did not provide
      adequate protection, adding, "Smoke-free environments are the only approach
      that protects nonsmokers from the dangers of secondhand smoke."

      He did not call for a federal ban on smoking in workplaces, bars or
      restaurants, a step that has been taken by a growing number of cities and
      states over the objections of business owners and of groups skeptical about
      the dangers of secondhand smoke. He said he saw his role as providing the
      public and Congress with definitive information on the subject.

      "I am here to say the debate is over: the science is clear," Dr. Carmona
      said at a televised news conference, where he released a
      <http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/secondhandsmoke/> report updating the
      original surgeon general's study of secondhand smoke in 1986. Since then,
      hundreds of studies have indicated that the harm caused by secondhand smoke
      is far greater than earlier believed, he said. The report includes these
      findings:

      ¶There is no safe level of secondhand smoke, and even brief exposure can
      cause harm, especially for people suffering from heart or
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics
      /respiratorydiseases/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier> respiratory diseases.

      ¶For nonsmoking adults, exposure raises the risk of
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics
      /heartdisease/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier> heart disease by 25 percent
      to 30 percent and of
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics
      /cancer/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier> cancer by 20 percent to 30
      percent. It accounted for 46,000 premature deaths from heart disease and
      3,000 premature deaths from cancer last year.

      ¶Secondhand smoke is a cause of
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics
      /suddeninfantdeathsyndrome/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier> sudden infant
      death syndrome, or SIDS, accounting for 430 deaths last year. The risk is
      elevated for children whose mothers were exposed during
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics
      /pregnancy/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier> pregnancy and for children
      exposed in their homes after birth.

      ¶The impact on the health and development of children is more severe than
      previously thought. "Children are especially vulnerable to the poisons in
      secondhand smoke," Dr. Carmona said.

      ¶Efforts to minimize the effect of secondhand smoke by separating smokers
      and nonsmokers are ineffective, as are ventilation systems in a shared
      space.

      ¶While exposure has declined, as many as 60 percent of nonsmokers show
      biological evidence of encountering secondhand smoke, and 22 percent of
      children are exposed to secondhand smoke in their homes.

      Studies conducted by the
      <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/c/centers
      _for_disease_control_and_prevention/index.html?inline=nyt-org> Centers for
      Disease Control show that great progress has been made in reducing exposure,
      Dr. Carmona said. The amount of cotinine — the form nicotine takes after
      being metabolized — in blood samples fell by 75 percent among adults,
      according to specimens taken from 1999 to 2002 that were compared with
      samples taken a decade earlier.

      But Dr. Carmona said more needed to be done, particularly to protect
      children. He urged parents who smoke not only to quit, but also to move
      their smoking outside while trying to quit. "Make the home a smoke-free
      environment," he said.

      Tobacco companies say the risks of secondhand smoke are unproved and
      overstated. In a
      <http://www.brownandwilliamson.com/smoking/smokeCover.aspx> statement on its
      Web site, R. J. Reynolds says, "It seems unlikely that secondhand smoke
      presents any significant harm to otherwise healthy nonsmoking adults; and,
      given the extensive smoking bans and restrictions that have already been
      enacted, nonsmokers can easily avoid exposure to secondhand smoke."

      A spokesman for the company, David Howard, said yesterday, "Bottom line, we
      believe adults should be able to patronize establishments that permit
      smoking if they choose to do so," according to The Associated Press.

      Dr. Cheryl G. Healton, the president and chief executive of the American
      Legacy Foundation, a nonprofit group created to use settlement money from
      tobacco companies to educate young people about the dangers of tobacco,
      called the surgeon general's report "groundbreaking" even though much of its
      information had already been published in journal articles. Bringing it all
      together creates a persuasive case for smoking bans, Dr. Healton said.

      The report is online at <http://surgeongeneral.gov/library/secondhandsmoke>
      surgeongeneral.gov/library/secondhandsmoke/.



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