Re: [carfree_cities] Re: Can economic equity be physically facilitated?
>>If you look at the way cities used to work, families occupiedOh, to a relatively minor degree, yes. But the western European
>>buildings that were both home and work. Generally, the lower
>>floors were used for whatever the family business, and the
>>family (with apprentices) lived in the upper floors. Commute
>>time, approximately zero. The reference design permits this
>>kind of use, which also help create lively neighborhoods.
>Is this the way modern Europe works? And does this correlate to there lower
>degree of economic equality?
economies really aren't that different from the USA. My part
of Amsterdam still does have quite a few family-owned businesses,
and I believe that some of the owners do still live in the
upper floors, but the pattern is no longer nearly as common
as it once was, I believe.
As to the economic equity, while most of Europe is considerably
better than the USA in this regard, it relates mostly to much
higher levels of taxation on income (although capital gains and
capital itself are taxed very little or not at all). Most of
western Europe still has social welfare systems that work
reasonably well--true poverty is rare in the Netherlands, for
instance, and pretty much every legal resident of the country
has some form of health insurance.
J.H. Crawford _Carfree Cities_