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GTZ-SUTP Newsletter July-August 2010

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  • Sustainable Urban Transport Project
    ****** SUTP Newsletter ****** ****** Issue 04/10 July - August 2010 ****** A PDF version of the newsletter can be downloaded from
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 2, 2010
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      ****** SUTP Newsletter ******

      ****** Issue 04/10 July - August 2010 ******

      A PDF version of the newsletter can be downloaded from

      An online version is also available at

      ***** Latest Publications *****

      Module 1F: Financing Sustainable Urban Transport

      Urban transport has historically not received the attention, careful
      planning and financial support it deserves in order to function in a
      sustainable manner. As a step to address this issue, this new GTZ Sourcebook
      module provides detailed information on available options for financing
      urban transport. It presents different financing instruments and ways in
      which they can be best used, and how to optimally combine them. This module
      is dedicated to policy makers, financial sector specialists and urban
      planners/practitioners working on key challenges related to financing urban
      transport systems. The module provides options to close the gap between the
      ever growing demand for efficient, equitable and environmentally friendly
      urban transport systems on one hand, and the dwindling financial resources
      available to state and local authorities on the other.

      In this module, the author, Mr. Ko Sakamoto, Senior Transport Consultant at
      the UK Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) and an expert in the field of
      finance, builds upon work done earlier by Dr. Gerhard Metschies. This
      document also has substantial research inputs by Mr. Stefan Belka, GTZ. The
      Sourcebook module covers the following subject area:

      -The importance of finance in sustainable urban transport (Why is financing
      important, who is involved and what is the scale of resources?)

      -The double challenge: financing sustainable urban transport, sustainably
      (What is a sustainable urban transport system, how can it be financed and
      what are the barriers need to be acknowledged?)

      -Approaches towards a sustainable system (Understanding and managing the
      financial requirements & the various financing options and mechanisms)

      -Financing Instruments at local, national and international level

      -Optimally combining the financial options

      -Summary of key points and necessary actions

      The publication contains 98 illustrated pages, 19 tables, 58 boxes and 42
      figures. Additionally it provides further reading and links on financing &
      pricing and climate funds issues.

      Read more:


      GTZ's latest technical document -"Public Bicycles: Applying the Concept in
      Developing Cities"

      GTZ's latest publication on urban transport, "Public Bicycle Schemes:
      Applying the Concept in Developing Cities (Examples from India)" is the
      third in its technical documents series. The document is authored by Ms.
      Chhavi Dhingra and Mr. Santhosh Kodukula of GTZ-SUTP.

      The objective of this technical document is to familiarize city authorities,
      transport planners, businesses, civil society representatives and policy
      makers in developing cities, with the concept and various components of a
      public bicycle program, and to provide initial guidance and advice on
      designing and implementing such a program in Indian cities.

      This document presents the experience of bike sharing programs from a few
      cities in Europe and Asia, and analyses the developing country climate
      (taking India as an example) for encouraging such programs in developing
      cities. An analysis of the existing bicycle rental programs in India and
      their challenges, validates and reinforces the document's objectives. The
      document also makes practical suggestions and recommendations for developing
      cities who want to implement them.

      Read more:


      GTZ’s Reading List on Urban Transport and Health is out

      Transport is a key factor for human health. Increasingly, health aspects
      have been assuming prime influence on transport development policies, as
      transport affects the health of the whole city’s population through its
      positive and negative impacts on the living environment. Direct and indirect
      negative health impacts from urban transport include injuries from road
      traffic accidents, noise annoyances and disturbances, respiratory problems
      due to air pollution, overweight/obesity associated with reduced physical
      activity as a result of choosing driving instead of walking or cycling,
      stress, fatigue, social exclusion, etc. Furthermore, motorized transport is
      a major contributor to climate change as it emits green house gases (GHG).

      Therefore, there is a need to take into account impact on human health while
      formulating transport related policies. This reading list called “Urban
      Transport and Health” released by GTZ provides the reader with a whole
      variety of research topics, studies, reports and other sources related to
      the subject of urban transport and health.

      The reading list is organized as follows:

      - Key organisations in the field

      - Transport as access to health services

      - Air pollution, noise and congestion

      - Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change

      - Road traffic safety and protection against accidents

      - Health benefits of public transit, walking and cycling

      Read more:


      GTZ Survey Report on Bangkok BRT

      Mr. Santhosh Kodukula, Urban Transport Specialist of GTZ-SUTP, visited the
      recently opened Bangkok Bus Rapid Transit System - a new addition to the
      existing mass transit systems of the city. His observations during his visit
      to the system have been documented and are available as a survey report.

      The system started on 29 May, 2010 and is called the Bangkok Rapid Transit
      or BRT. The route is currently 15.9 kilometres long with 12 stations. The
      system has distinct buses that are exclusive to the BRT route. According to
      the Office of the Traffic and Transport Policy and Planning's (OTP) master
      plan for Bangkok, the final BRT system will be 110 kilometres with 5 routes.

      More information on the BRT in Bangkok can be found in the report, which
      also suggests some improvements for the existing system. Should you have any
      suggestions, comments or queries, you may contact Mr. Kodukula on his email

      Read more:


      Reading list – Electric Mobility is now out

      In order to address way to cater with the limited fossil fuel availability
      and the increasing CO2 emissions, electric mobility is increasingly
      discussed as an innovative alternative to gasoline-powered transport. In
      urban areas, promoting electric vehicles could offer a locally
      emissions-free and quiet transport system; and also reduce the dependence on
      fossil fuels. However, the sustainability of the electric mobility is
      challenged if the non-local energy sources are not renewable. Finally, the
      reduction of CO2 emission is dependent on the energy mix. This reading list
      provides not only an overview of policies of and planning for electric
      mobility, it gives also an in-depth look at its recent technology and
      expertise. The structure of the reading list is organized as follows:

      • History of and prospects for electric mobility

      • Policy of and planning for electric mobility

      • Impacts and benefits of electric mobility

      • Development of electric vehicle charging infrastructure

      • Technology and design of electric cars

      • Energy source and energy storage/battery

      • Electric two- and three-wheeler

      • Webpages of organizations and internet portals

      Read more:


      ITDP White Paper on "A Paradigm Shift Towards Sustainable Low-Carbon
      Transport- Financing the Vision ASAP"

      by K. Sakamoto, H. Dalkmann and D. Palmer.

      The work is made in contribution to the aims of the Partnership on
      Sustainable Low-Carbon Transport (SLoCaT Partnership), a group of
      organisations working to enhance the contributions of the transport sector
      in addressing climate change within the context of sustainable development.
      This White Paper draws from and is intended to contribute to a number of
      other related initiatives, for example the work conducted by the German
      Technical Cooperation (GTZ) on its Sourcebook Module on Financing
      Sustainable Transport.

      The paper is an initial attempt to identify the challenges and actions
      needed to finance the paradigm shift towards sustainable, low-carbon
      transport in developing countries. It is meant to be a living document, to
      which further work by SLoCaT members can be added.

      Download here:

      ***** Recent News from GTZ-SUTP *****

      E-learning course “Sustainable Urban Mobility in Developing Countries”

      The Local Development Programme of UNITAR, in partnership with GTZ, the
      German Technical Cooperation, is launching a new e-learning course on
      “Sustainable Urban Mobility in Developing Countries”, running from 4 October
      2010 to 18 March 2011. The e-course aims to enhance the capacity of local
      decision makers and urban and transportation planners in order to formulate
      and implement appropriate policies that contribute to sustainability in
      urban transport in developing countries. It allows an analysis of the main
      issues of sustainable transport including transport demand management,
      improved public and non-motorized transport, environmental protection, road
      safety, and gender in transport.

      The 6-module course is based on sound adult pedagogical principles
      including, among others, self-assessment activities and case study, as well
      as social elements such as peer-to-peer review and a discussion board. It is
      distributed in such a way to ensure the achievement of the learning
      objectives in a flexible manner, as participants can choose the learning
      pace that is the most adequate to them.

      Read more:


      GTZ at the Fifth Regional EST Forum, 23-25 August 2010, Bangkok, Thailand

      The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) of the Kingdom of
      Thailand, the Ministry of the Environment of the Government of Japan, United
      Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP),
      and the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), with support
      from various international organizations and donor agencies, jointly
      organized the Fifth Regional Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST)
      Forum from 23 to 25 August 2010 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the theme “A New
      Decade in Sustainable Transport”.

      For the event, the GTZ transport team prepared a background paper entitled
      "Beyond the Fossil City: Towards Low Carbon Transport and Green Growth".
      This paper discussed what national and/or urban low-carbon transportation
      policy packages exist and how they could help countries win the battle
      against climate change, how sustainable development policies and measures in
      the transport sector could include a variety of co-benefits, and the role
      that global policies and deals on emissions control for developing countries
      could potentially play.

      Mr. Manfred Breithaupt, Project Director of GTZ's Sustainable Urban
      Transport Project (SUTP) and one of the UNCRD EST experts introduced the
      background paper and made a presentation titled "Low-Carbon Land Transport
      Options towards reducing Climate Impacts and achieving Co-Benefits".

      Read more:


      GTZ’s training course on Sustainable Urban Transport in Kuching, Sarawak,

      The GTZ-SUTP along with Land Transport Authority (LTA) Academy, Singapore
      and the Malaysian Institute of Planners conducted a 2 day course on
      "Sustainable Urban Transport" from 2 to 3 August 2010, in Kuching, Sarawak,
      Malaysia. The training course was a pre-event to the International Public
      Transport Conference held from 3-6 August 2010. The trainers for the course
      were Mr. Manfred Breithaupt (GTZ), Mr. Santhosh Kodukula (GTZ) and Mr. Low
      Chow Kuang (LTA).

      The first day of the training course focussed on the general concepts of
      sustainable urban transport and public transport improvement and the second
      day focussed on the issues of non-motorised transport and travel demand

      More than 30 people attended the training course. The participants were
      mainly urban and transport planners working in various local governments
      including Kuching, Kuala Lumpur, Iskandar and Brunei.

      Read more:


      GTZ participates in Cities for Mobility World Congress 2010 at Stuttgart

      GTZ-SUTP members took part in various activities during the Cities for
      Mobility World Congress 2010 which was held during 4-6 July 2010 in
      Stuttgart (Germany). Mr. Manfred Breithaupt and Mr. Carlos Pardo were part
      of a roundtable discussion on Large events moderated by Mr. Pardo. Mr.
      Breithaupt gave a presentation on the key aspects of Johannesburg's BRT Rea
      Vaya and its relationship to the World Cup in Johannesburg.

      Ms. Montserrat Miramontes took part in a plenary discussion of all
      roundtable topics.

      In plenary sessions, Mr. Carlos Pardo gave a presentation about Bogotá's
      current transport policy and its evolution since 1998-2000, the period when
      most transport improvements in the city were implemented.

      Read more:


      GTZ at the 2nd World Urban Transport Leaders Summit in Singapore

      The 2nd World Urban Transport Leaders Summit (WULTS) entitled "Transforming
      Urban Transport for Liveable and Sustainable Cities” took place from 30th
      June - 1st July, 2010, in Singapore.

      Plenary forums covered key issues such as new vision, governance,
      sustainable urban solutions, green and eco-friendly transport, future
      transport innovations, etc. The Summit also featured a Policy Dialogue with
      top leaders and experts, and site visits to the latest transport initiatives
      in Singapore.

      Mr. Manfred Breithaupt, GTZ Senior Transport Advisor and Project Director of
      GTZ's Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP), participated in the Summit
      and made a presentation on “Latest Developments in BRT from Around the

      Read more:

      ****** From Partners *****

      Experts recommend car control for Asian cities

      In a recent edition of the Centre for Science (CSE) publication called "Down
      to Earth", experts from the field of sustainable urban transportation voiced
      their thoughts on improving the urban transport mess of Asian cities. The
      ideas included parking restraint measures, congestion charging, provision of
      better public transport and non-motorized transport services and use of
      economic instruments to control car usage.

      Mr. Manfred Breithaupt, Senior Transport Advisor, GTZ, and Project Director
      of GTZ's SUTP pointed out that restricting car usage must be accompanied
      with an improvement in public transport and non-motorised transport services
      as an obvious alternative to driving, and using traffic calming measures and
      economic instruments should be seriously considered by developing cities.

      Read more:


      UITP: French government wants to invest 55 billion euro in urban public

      A draft French national transport infrastructure scheme (SNIT) was presented
      on 13 July by the French Ecology Minister Jean-Louis Borloo. The proposal,
      which is due to be adopted at the end of 2010, sets out a total of 170
      billion euros worth of investment in alternatives to road transport over 20
      to 30 years, including 55 billion euros for urban public transport.

      The investment proposed by the French government is in line with the
      sustainable development goals set out in the Grenelle de l’Environnement,
      the French government’s environment action plan.

      Read more: http://www.uitp.org/news/pics/pdf/PR-Investissement_EN.pdf


      ITDP: Buenos Aires launches Bike-to-Work program

      The Buenos Aires city government recently initiated a bike-to-work program,
      its latest effort to get residents on bikes and out of their cars. With a
      presentation from ITDP, the government held a conference with business
      leaders to outline various means of encouraging their employees to commute
      by bicycle, as well as the accompanying advantages for the companies,
      employees, and environment. Shortly after, a number of companies, including
      Coca-Cola, and Telefónica, signed an agreement with the city in which they
      commit to encouraging sustainable mobility among their employees. At the end
      of 2010, ITDP will assess the companies who signed the agreement and will
      honor those which have made the most progress towards promoting sustainable
      transportation among their employees.

      Read more:


      Parisar Report: Pedestrian crossing facilities in Pune

      This report presents the results of a survey of pedestrians using Foot
      Over-Bridges (FOBs) and Foot Under-Bridges (FUBs), as well as the findings
      of a usability analysis of these facilities in Pune. This study was
      triggered by the controversy surrounding the construction of the FUB at
      Goodluck chowk in Deccan Gymkhana area in late 2009.

      The people asked showed a strong preference for at-grade crossing over using
      either FUBs or FOBs, provided safe at-grade crossing was available.
      Pedestrian counts backed up that statement: at FOBs and FUBs where at-grade
      crossing with calculated risk was possible, people tended to do so. A sad,
      but perhaps not surprising, finding was that the majority of interviewees
      (over 60%) said that the traffic situation in Pune had changed for the worse
      in the last five years. Missing safe at-grade crossings is just one example
      of this development.

      The usability analysis of FOBs and FUBs found that many of these facilities
      are poorly designed, particularly for the children and the elderly. However,
      the surveys also showed that FUBs – if they are well designed – can be
      relatively more popular among pedestrians as they are more convenient and
      safe to use for all. But even at such subways, pedestrian preference was to
      cross the road at-grade if safe crossings were possible. Therefore, it is
      recommended that Pune Municipal Corporation should strive towards provide
      such safe at-grade crossings for pedestrians rather than build more FOBs,
      FUBs and skywalks.

      Read more:


      Parisar Report: Women Bicyclists of Pune

      In Pune, and India as a whole, women who cycle may be viewed from a
      different perspective than male cyclists. Similarly, the problems and issues
      faced them also are likely to be different than male cyclists. To understand
      these differences, Priyanka Gupta, a student from the Department of
      Sociology in Pune University conducted a survey among women cyclists working
      in Pune. This survey was conducted in September 2009.

      This survey tries to understand the attitudes of women to cycling, the
      problems faced by them and what could be done better to encourage more women
      to cycle. Twenty women, unevenly distributed in three localities of Pune
      were surveyed. Factors such as age profile, education, socio-economic status
      and profession were taken into account This survey, though done on a small
      scale, gave valuable insights into the unique issues that women face as
      cyclists. Problems they face, in terms of attitude of motorists, their own
      family members and the society were explored. The efficacy and usage of
      cycle tracks was again gauged in this survey.

      Read more:

      ****** Upcoming Events ******

      07.09.2010 Shanghai, CN: Workshop on SUT at World Exposition EXPO 2010


      16.09.2010 Kaohsiung, TW: World Sharing Transport Conference


      27.09.2010 Shanghai, CN: Linking Cities to Finance


      03.10.2010 Dakar, SN:1stCongress & Exhibition on African Public Transport


      04.10.2010 Mexico.D.F, MX: Intl Conf. on Sustainable Transport


      05.10.2010 Incheon, KR: Incheon 2010 Future of Cities Congress


      11.10.2010 Seoul, KR:2nd International Program on Seoul Urban Transport


      25.10.2010 Buenos Aires, AR: CODATU XIV


      25.10.2010 New Delhi, IN: MetroRail 2010, Asia


      26.10.2010 Jinan City, CN:gTKP Workshop on Urban Mobility & Environment


      09.11.2010 Singapore, SG: Better Air Quality 2010


      12.11.2010 Singapore,SG: TDM Training course by GTZ, LTA Academy & ITDP


      15.11.2010 Hong Kong, CN: Intl Conference on Public Transport Financing


      03.12.2010 New Delhi, IN: Urban Mobility Conference



      A PDF version of the newsletter can be downloaded from

      An online version is also available at


      Contact us: Any further queries regarding this document can be addressed to

      All the documents mentioned here are available for download from the SUTP
      website: http://www.sutp.org

      For registration please visit


      SUTP Disclaimer

      The information in this newsletter has been carefully researched and
      diligently compiled.

      Nevertheless, GTZ does not accept any liability or give any guarantee for
      the validity, accuracy and completeness of the information provided. GTZ
      assumes no legal liabilities for damages, material or immaterial in kind,
      caused by the use or non-use of provided information or the use of erroneous
      or incomplete information, with the exception of proven intentional or
      grossly negligent conduct on the side of GTZ.

      GTZ reserves the right to modify, append, delete parts or the complete
      online content without prior notice, or to cancel any publication
      temporarily or permanently.

      The third party links are not under the control of GTZ and GTZ is not
      responsible for the contents of any linked site or any link contained in a
      linked site.

      Links to the GTZ SUTP homepage are admissible if the GTZ SUTP website
      retrieved becomes the sole content of the browser window.

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