Re: [carfree_cities] Re: recycling big-box stores
- Hi All,
Some issues here:
1) Some big-box stores in Europe are served by good public transport,
although most are not. All but a few of them are located away
from the city center on the cheapest land that could be obtained.
Almost all are very near busy highways.
2) I think that the basic structure of big boxes is unsuited
to most kinds of redevelopment. These buildings are typically
about two stories tall, but the roof structures are often
very deep and crossed by trusses, so much of that space is
not usable for most purposes. The extent of the buildings
is so vast that there is virtually no way to bring natural
light into most of the building.
3) The quality of construction is generally very poor. These
are engineered structures in the worst sense of the word.
Even the addition of a mezzanine floor, required to make
real use of the space, would probably overload the columns
and their footings, which are no larger than they absolutely
must be. These buildings probably have design lives of 30 years.
4) The addition of water and sewer services will require taking
up much of the floor, which is probably reinforced concrete in
most cases. This would entail cutting through the rebar in order
to lay piping. It can be done, but it is expensive.
5) The scale of these buildings is simply too large to make
them attractive for redevelopment.
So, I would not waste a lot of time and effort on this question.
Most of these buildings will be demolished and their steel
members recycled. Some of the utility installations might be
salvaged. The rest is land fill. Lots of it.
----- ### -----
J.H. Crawford Carfree Cities
- Good points. Poorly built big boxes, essentially disposable buildings,
will likely wind up demolished. I know that Tallahassee has plenty of
abandoned big boxes, and nobody wants to buy or lease them.
There are two other building types whose future makes me wonder:
- Large enclosed malls. The Tallahassee Mall here opened in 1971, and
seems to be well built, as it has withstood countless additions and
tenant modifications. However, this mall is 747,000 square feet and
over a quarter of a mile end-to-end, which is pretty out of place in
any carfree environment, unless you give it its own metro stop. Will
these buildings wind up in the hands of metal recyclers too?
- Parking garages. They dominate the landscape in the downtown area
and higher-education campuses here. FAMU has had one for a while, TCC
just got its first, and FSU just got its fifth. I can see two fates to
(1) Demolished. These things are quite difficult to convert to indoor
space, thanks to short ceilings and, well, giant ramps between floors.
A 6-story underground parking garage here with buildings on top of it
could wind up abandoned, being too difficult to demolish.
(2) Parking. As surface parking lots disappear and roads turn into
usable public or private land, parking garages would remain to hold
what few vehicles remain. Maintain a 20 mph road with speed humps from
the garages to the nearest highways. Privatize the parking garages so
their costs are actually covered by parking fees. The only problem:
nobody wants to be anywhere near a parking garage, especially one
frequented by college students who tend to have car alarms, extremely
loud stereos, and mufflers designed to amplify engine noise, all of
which radiate for blocks.
> Some issues here:...
> So, I would not waste a lot of time and effort on this question.
> Most of these buildings will be demolished and their steel
> members recycled. Some of the utility installations might be
> salvaged. The rest is land fill. Lots of it.