110801. NYT - bikes on campus, 2. Chinese courtyard housing complexes
- Oct 21, 20081. An article from the New York Times (via CoolTowns blog) on the
success of free bike programmes on some US college campuses:
With Free Bikes, Challenging Car Culture on Campus
By KATIE ZEZIMA
Published: October 19, 2008
BIDDEFORD, Me. — When Kylie Galliani started at the University of New
England in August, she was given a key to her dorm, a class schedule
and something more unusual: a $480 bicycle.
(photos and comments link deleted)
“I was like, ‘A free bike, no catch?’ ” Ms. Galliani, 17, a freshman
from Fort Bragg, Calif., asked. “It’s really an ideal way to get
around the campus.”
University administrators and students nationwide are increasingly
feeling that way too.
The University of New England and Ripon College in Wisconsin are
giving free bikes to freshmen who promise to leave their cars at home.
Other colleges are setting up free bike sharing or rental programs,
and some universities are partnering with bike shops to offer
discounts on purchases.
The goal, college and university officials said, is to ease critical
shortages of parking and to change the car culture that clogs campus
roadways and erodes the community feel that comes with walking or
biking around campus.
“We’re seeing an explosion in bike activity,” said Julian Dautremont-
Smith, associate director of the Association for the Advancement of
Sustainability in Higher Education, a nonprofit association of
colleges and universities. “It seems like every week we hear about a
new bike sharing or bike rental program.”
While many new bike programs are starting up, some are shutting down
because of problems with theft and vandalism. The program at St.
Mary’s College in Maryland was suspended because bikes were being
“Ours was one that was totally based on voluntary taking care of the
bike,” said Chip Jackson, a spokesman for St. Mary’s, “and I guess
that was maybe a tad unwise. So the next generation of this idea will
have a few more checks and balances.”
At Ripon, and the University of New England, officials say that giving
students a bike of their own might encourage them to be more
responsible. Ripon’s president, David C. Joyce, a competitive mountain
biker, said the free bike idea came in a meeting about how to reduce
cars on campus.
The college committed $50,000 to the program and plans to continue it
with next year’s freshmen. Some 200 Trek mountain bikes, helmets and
locks were bought, and about 180 freshmen signed up for the program.
“We did it as a means of reducing the need for parking,” Dr. Joyce
said, “but as we looked at it from the standpoint of fitness, health
and sustainability, we realized we have the opportunity to create a
(...more at the linked web page)
2. Via a posting on Treehugger, a Wikipedia article on the large
courtyard housing complexes (Fujian Tulou) of Fujian Province:
These are similar to the housing surrounding an interiour courtyard
proposed in _Carfree Cities_ except that they seem to be a rural
building type and have some characteristics in common with European
defensive castles. The article contains a number of interesting
photographs of different tulou.
Montreal QC Canada
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