Key US Officials Get V2G Demo: Report by John Wellinghoff
- Here's a report from Federal Energy Regulatory Commissioner Jon
Wellinghoff, followed by the official agenda from the event and some
more general comments about V2G. We hope soon to add a photo or two
of the event at http://www.calcars.org/photos-leaders.html . This
demonstration, for the first time involving a utilty transmission
operator, expands on previous demonstrations of "running the meter
backwards" by PG&E and Google.org.
We had a incredible day here at FERC with Dr. Willett Kempton of U.
Delaware, Diarmuid O'Connell of Tesla, and David Sandalow [of the
Brookings Institute, author of the new book, Freedom From Oil] and a
Prius PHEV converted by A123. We put on a two hour seminar on V2G for
the Chairman of FERC, Joseph Kelliher, and two other FERC
Commissioners, Phil Moeller and Suedeen Kelly. Also attending were
numerous FERC staffers as well as utility representatives and members
of the press. Fox News had cameras here to cover the event.
The purpose of the seminar was to first discuss and then actually
demonstrate V2G capability with a converted vehicle to the regional
transmission operator, PJM. Dr. Kempton brought an eBox (Scion
converted to EV) by AC Propulsion that had been enhanced with the
communication hardware that is currently used by a small power plant
to communicate to PJM.
We had the IT Director of PJM present. He had a laptop that was wired
to the PJM control center via the Internet. From the laptop he was
able to see the eBox vehicle and communicate with it just as if it
were a generator and provide signals to it to supply grid support of
frequency response. He indicated that the response time was literally
milliseconds -- the fastest frequency response time he has ever seen
from a grid asset like a generator. We were able to physically
demonstrate, by running the electric meter connected to the vehicle
both forwards and backward at the command of PJM, the feasibility of
V2G ancillary services to the wholesale electric grid.
This is the first time to my knowledge this has ever been publicly
demonstrated. It was the most exciting and historic event I have ever
witnessed in the electric industry in my 35 year career.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Presents:
Automobile meets Grid
The "Cash Back" in CashBack Hybrid
Wednesday, October 24, 2007
I. Welcome Remarks
Chairman Joseph Kelliher
II. Introduction of Keynote Speakers
Commissioner Jon Wellinghoff
III. Keynote Addresses
- Willett Kempton PhD., University of Delaware, "Vehicle-to-Grid
Power providing A/S Regulation" (Dr. Kempton will present on behalf
of PEPCO and Delmarva)
- Diarmuid O'Connell, Corporate Development, Tesla Motors Inc
- David Sandalow, Author, Freedom From Oil, Senior Fellow, Foreign
Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution
ADJOURN TO CAR DISPLAY OUTSIDE BUILDING
- eBox with Pepco Holdings meter and real-time AGC control signal
- Tesla Roadster
- Prius with plug-in modification
FURTHER COMMENTS AND NOTES ABOUT V2G
We've gotten some good feedback about our 10/22/07 posting, "World's
First V2G Demo: Xcel/Hybrids Plus/V2Green/US Lab+Ford Escape Hybrids"
http://www.calcars.org/calcars-news/861.html which included some
cautions about not overstating the benefits or immediacy of V2G. The
most helpful comment was a suggestion that we begin to separate out
the many different aspects of what happens when you plug in cars:
each of them has technologies, business cases, pros and cons and
timetables. They break out first into three categories:
Grid-To-Vehicle (G2V): for instance, when the power grid operator
controls when it sends power to recharge fleet and personal vehicles.
In contrast for instance to appliances that are in use, if the car is
available to be charged all night, the grid could decide to charge
for a few minutes, stop and then restart, with no negative
consequences to the car but significant benefits to the grid.
Vehicle-To-Home (V2H): when the car is integrated with the home
network, with "smart appliances" and "smart meters" like those that
are coming in the next few years across California. This can provide
backup power to the house, for instance. Southern California Edison's
project with Ford may focus on this.
Vehicle-To-Grid (V2G): a fuller integration of the car with the power
generation industry. It may require fewer cars than other
applications, and it may require higher-power connections to permit
rapid transfers of substantial amounts of energy.
We are hoping, with other involved parties, to get the resources and
help to be able at some point to provide a more systematic
introduction to V2G for non-technical policy analysts, journalists,
PHEV advocates, etc.
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Felix Kramer fkramer@...
Founder California Cars Initiative
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --