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Re: [bytesforall_readers] OECD communique on open access

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  • Dr.Vinod Scaria
    OECD communique on open accessDear All, Arun is right in pointing out Open Access can contribute significantly in advancing research and development in
    Message 1 of 2 , Dec 31, 2000
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      OECD communique on open access
      Dear All,
       
      Arun is right in pointing out Open Access can contribute significantly in advancing research and development in Developing countries.It also helps publications tap hitherto untapped markets.Our own experiences with three Open Access Medical Journals www.calicutmedicaljournal.org , Internet Health www.internet-health.org and OJHAS www.ojhas.org points in this direction. Calicut Medical Journal was referred by some media sources as one of the most visible Indian Medical Journal. Within three months, this Journal bagged close to 1 Lakh hits, and is emerging as one of the top Open Access Medical journals Internationally, with International Submissions flowing in.
       
      There is no doubt India should be a signatory of the document.I highly recommend that all BytesForAll readers go through the document once again and have a mental note of the impact such an International Collaboration of this dimension can make.
       
      In my opinion, instead of pumping funds into megalomaniac projects in the form of INDEST, whose benefits are unlikely to trickle into the average research mileu [given the costs of getting involved and strings attached], official promotion of Open Access- by archiving, publishing and promoting Open Access Journals would do much in advancing research communication. The success of such Indian initiatives like MedInd www.medind.nic.in is an eye opener.

       

      Dr.Vinod Scaria
      WEB:www.drvinod.netfirms.com 
      MAIL:vinodscaria@... 
      Mobile: +91 98474 65452

      -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      MedSMS Innovative Medical Short Message Information and Alert System @ www.virtualmedonline.com/medsms

       
      ----- Original Message -----
      Sent: Saturday, January 31, 2004 12:20 PM
      Subject: [bytesforall_readers] OECD communique on open access





      Subject: OECD communique on open access


      Dear friends:

      Here is a declaration from OECD on the importance of open access. The full communique may be downloaded from the url given at the end of my mail. You may kindly examine if India should also be a signatory to this document.

      Promotion of open access will benefit higher education and research in India FAR MORE THAN initiatives like INDEST (in India) and at a fraction of the costs.

      Thanks and regards.

      Subbiah Arunachalam

      ---


      DECLARATION ON ACCESS TO RESEARCH DATA FROM PUBLIC FUNDING


      adopted on 30 January 2004 in Paris

      The governments (1) of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the
      Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
      Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the
      Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Russian
      Federation, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of South Africa, Spain,
      Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States

      Recognising that an optimum international exchange of data, information
      and knowledge contributes decisively to the advancement of scientific
      research and innovation;

      Recognising that open access to, and unrestricted use of, data promotes
      scientific progress and facilitates the training of researchers;

      Recognising that open access will maximise the value derived from public
      investments in data collection efforts;

      Recognising that the substantial increase in computing capacity enables
      vast quantities of digital research data from public funding to be put to
      use for multiple research purposes by many research institutes of the
      global science system, thereby substantially increasing the scope and
      scale of research;

      Recognising the substantial benefits that science, the economy and society
      at large could gain from the opportunities that expanded use of digital
      data resources have to offer, and recognising the risk that undue
      restrictions on access to and use of research data from public funding
      could diminish the quality and efficiency of scientific research and
      innovation;

      Recognising that optimum availability of research data from public funding
      for developing countries will enhance their participation in the global
      science system, thereby contributing to their social and economic
      development;

      Recognising that the disclosure of research data from public funding may
      be constrained by domestic law on national security, the protection of
      privacy of citizens and the protection of intellectual property rights and
      trade secrets that may require additional safeguards;

      Recognising that on some of the aspects of the accessibility of research
      data from public funding, additional measures have been taken or will be
      introduced in OECD countries and that disparities in national regulations
      could hamper the optimum use of publicly funded data on the national and
      international scales;

      Considering the beneficial impact of the establishment of OECD Guidelines
      on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data (1980,
      1985 and 1998) and the OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information
      Systems and Networks (1992, 1997 and 2002) on international policies for
      access to digital data;

      DECLARE THEIR COMMITMENT TO:

      Work towards the establishment of access regimes for digital research data
      from public funding in accordance with the following objectives and
      principles:

      Openness: balancing the interests of open access to data to increase the
      quality and efficiency of research and innovation with the need for
      restriction of access in some instances to protect social, scientific and
      economic interests.

      Transparency: making information on data-producing organisations,
      documentation on the data they produce and specifications of conditions
      attached to the use of these data, available and accessible
      internationally.

      Legal conformity: paying due attention, in the design of access regimes
      for digital research data, to national legal requirements concerning
      national security, privacy and trade secrets.

      Formal responsibility: promoting explicit, formal institutional rules on
      the responsibilities of the various parties involved in data-related
      activities pertaining to authorship, producer credits, ownership, usage
      restrictions, financial arrangements, ethical rules, licensing terms, and
      liability.

      Professionalism: building institutional rules for the management of
      digital research data based on the relevant professional standards and
      values embodied in the codes of conduct of the scientific communities
      involved.

      Protection of intellectual property: describing ways to obtain open access
      under the different legal regimes of copyright or other intellectual
      property law applicable to databases as well as trade secrets.

      Interoperability: paying due attention to the relevant international
      standard requirements for use in multiple ways, in co-operation with other
      international organisations.

      Quality and security: describing good practices for methods, techniques
      and instruments employed in the collection, dissemination and accessible
      archiving of data to enable quality control by peer review and other means
      of safeguarding authenticity, originality, integrity, security and
      establishing liability.

      Efficiency: promoting further cost effectiveness within the global science
      system by describing good practices in data management and specialised
      support services.

      Accountability: evaluating the performance of data access regimes to
      maximise the support for open access among the scientific community and
      society at large.

      Seek transparency in regulations and policies related to information,
      computer and communications services affecting international flows of data
      for research, and reducing unnecessary barriers to the international
      exchange of these data;

      Take the necessary steps to strengthen existing instruments and - where
      appropriate - create within the framework of international and national
      law, new mechanisms and practices supporting international collaboration
      in access to digital research data;

      Support OECD initiatives to promote the development and harmonisation of
      approaches by governments adhering to this Declaration aimed at maximising
      the accessibility of digital research data;

      Consider the possible implications for other countries, including
      developing countries and economies in transition, when dealing with issues
      of access to digital research data.

      INVITE THE OECD:

      To develop a set of OECD guidelines based on commonly agreed principles to
      facilitate optimal cost-effective access to digital research data from
      public funding, to be endorsed by the OECD Council at a later stage.

      ___________
      (1) Including the European Community
      The Full communique
      <http://www.oecd.org/document/0,2340,en_2649_34487_25998799_1_1_1_1,00.html>
       is available from the OECD's website www.oecd.org <file://www.oecd.org> .



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    • Subbiah Arunachalam
      Subject: OECD communique on open access Dear friends: Here is a declaration from OECD on the importance of open access. The full communique may be downloaded
      Message 2 of 2 , Jan 30, 2004
      • 0 Attachment
        OECD communique on open access



        Subject: OECD communique on open access


        Dear friends:

        Here is a declaration from OECD on the importance of open access. The full communique may be downloaded from the url given at the end of my mail. You may kindly examine if India should also be a signatory to this document.

        Promotion of open access will benefit higher education and research in India FAR MORE THAN initiatives like INDEST (in India) and at a fraction of the costs.

        Thanks and regards.

        Subbiah Arunachalam

        ---


        DECLARATION ON ACCESS TO RESEARCH DATA FROM PUBLIC FUNDING


        adopted on 30 January 2004 in Paris

        The governments (1) of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the
        Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
        Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the
        Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Russian
        Federation, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of South Africa, Spain,
        Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States

        Recognising that an optimum international exchange of data, information
        and knowledge contributes decisively to the advancement of scientific
        research and innovation;

        Recognising that open access to, and unrestricted use of, data promotes
        scientific progress and facilitates the training of researchers;

        Recognising that open access will maximise the value derived from public
        investments in data collection efforts;

        Recognising that the substantial increase in computing capacity enables
        vast quantities of digital research data from public funding to be put to
        use for multiple research purposes by many research institutes of the
        global science system, thereby substantially increasing the scope and
        scale of research;

        Recognising the substantial benefits that science, the economy and society
        at large could gain from the opportunities that expanded use of digital
        data resources have to offer, and recognising the risk that undue
        restrictions on access to and use of research data from public funding
        could diminish the quality and efficiency of scientific research and
        innovation;

        Recognising that optimum availability of research data from public funding
        for developing countries will enhance their participation in the global
        science system, thereby contributing to their social and economic
        development;

        Recognising that the disclosure of research data from public funding may
        be constrained by domestic law on national security, the protection of
        privacy of citizens and the protection of intellectual property rights and
        trade secrets that may require additional safeguards;

        Recognising that on some of the aspects of the accessibility of research
        data from public funding, additional measures have been taken or will be
        introduced in OECD countries and that disparities in national regulations
        could hamper the optimum use of publicly funded data on the national and
        international scales;

        Considering the beneficial impact of the establishment of OECD Guidelines
        on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data (1980,
        1985 and 1998) and the OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information
        Systems and Networks (1992, 1997 and 2002) on international policies for
        access to digital data;

        DECLARE THEIR COMMITMENT TO:

        Work towards the establishment of access regimes for digital research data
        from public funding in accordance with the following objectives and
        principles:

        Openness: balancing the interests of open access to data to increase the
        quality and efficiency of research and innovation with the need for
        restriction of access in some instances to protect social, scientific and
        economic interests.

        Transparency: making information on data-producing organisations,
        documentation on the data they produce and specifications of conditions
        attached to the use of these data, available and accessible
        internationally.

        Legal conformity: paying due attention, in the design of access regimes
        for digital research data, to national legal requirements concerning
        national security, privacy and trade secrets.

        Formal responsibility: promoting explicit, formal institutional rules on
        the responsibilities of the various parties involved in data-related
        activities pertaining to authorship, producer credits, ownership, usage
        restrictions, financial arrangements, ethical rules, licensing terms, and
        liability.

        Professionalism: building institutional rules for the management of
        digital research data based on the relevant professional standards and
        values embodied in the codes of conduct of the scientific communities
        involved.

        Protection of intellectual property: describing ways to obtain open access
        under the different legal regimes of copyright or other intellectual
        property law applicable to databases as well as trade secrets.

        Interoperability: paying due attention to the relevant international
        standard requirements for use in multiple ways, in co-operation with other
        international organisations.

        Quality and security: describing good practices for methods, techniques
        and instruments employed in the collection, dissemination and accessible
        archiving of data to enable quality control by peer review and other means
        of safeguarding authenticity, originality, integrity, security and
        establishing liability.

        Efficiency: promoting further cost effectiveness within the global science
        system by describing good practices in data management and specialised
        support services.

        Accountability: evaluating the performance of data access regimes to
        maximise the support for open access among the scientific community and
        society at large.

        Seek transparency in regulations and policies related to information,
        computer and communications services affecting international flows of data
        for research, and reducing unnecessary barriers to the international
        exchange of these data;

        Take the necessary steps to strengthen existing instruments and - where
        appropriate - create within the framework of international and national
        law, new mechanisms and practices supporting international collaboration
        in access to digital research data;

        Support OECD initiatives to promote the development and harmonisation of
        approaches by governments adhering to this Declaration aimed at maximising
        the accessibility of digital research data;

        Consider the possible implications for other countries, including
        developing countries and economies in transition, when dealing with issues
        of access to digital research data.

        INVITE THE OECD:

        To develop a set of OECD guidelines based on commonly agreed principles to
        facilitate optimal cost-effective access to digital research data from
        public funding, to be endorsed by the OECD Council at a later stage.

        ___________
        (1) Including the European Community
        The Full communique
        <http://www.oecd.org/document/0,2340,en_2649_34487_25998799_1_1_1_1,00.html>
         is available from the OECD's website www.oecd.org <file://www.oecd.org> .

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