zimbabwe appears to advance a few more meters toward if not into namibia
- latest kazungula bridge report dated today & attached below maintains brifge design with westward curvatureto skirt all possible zimbabwean claimbut detailed report linked to it in pdf indicates further that the 600 meter proposed minimum radius has been rejected in favor of the 1000 meter maximum radiusas of july 2011& this fact or effectivity appears to sustain & substantiate the maximum possible zimbabwean territorial claimbased on existing delimitations & demarcationsright up to but not quite touching the projected curving bridge abutment at exactly the midriver crossing pointof the newly approved more westerly or upriver bridge alignmentrather than the rejected more easterly or downriver one& we can determine this new point in the local datum from existing maps that we have on hand& we have already been promised the corresponding coords of the official easternmost point of namibiaexpressed in the same local datumas surveyed by our dear guido & company of windhoek & gaborone in their 2003 chobe thalweg quest& soon also to be transmitted to usor rather corrected by themsince the earlier transmission try seems to have gone slightly astray for some reasonso we are now just this hairs breadth away from determining which are the truly operative trijunctions hereorin other wordsfrom determining which is the truly operative & confirmed frontiernazw or bwzmsince it cant be both at oncebut in any case this new indication of curvature enlargement makes the already likely nazw tangency & overlap so much the more probable& the purported but already apparently vanishing bwzm tangency & frontier that much the less probable in consequencethe effects of the 2 different curvatures can be compared on page 78 of this regrettably slow loading filehttp://www.necz.org.zm/news/comments/eis-reports/Kazungula-Bridge/Final%20ESIA%20Report%20Volume%201%20(double%20side%20printing).pdf& tho they dont differ by a full 400 meters of radius upon the median line there is still a substantial difference thereof perhaps 50 metersfromDate:5 August 2011
The Governments of Botswana and Zambia intend to construct a road-rail bridge at Kazungula, linking the two countries by crossing the Zambezi River. The feasibility study for the project is funded by the African Development Bank and the Governments of Botswana and Zambia. The Project involves the construction of a bridge, new border facilities in each country, and related infrastructure. The ESIA scope also includes a proposed 3 kilometre railway line on each side of the bridge.
The proposed bridge has been designed as an extra-dosed road-rail bridge configuration with middle deck sections of 129m, and 4 piers in the river, with a total length of 923m. It will follow a curved alignment layout to avoid the border area in the Zambezi waters between Botswana and Zimbabwe, where the exact border positions have not been ratified.
The proposed border facilities are designed along the one-stop principle and measure 590m x 350m to provide space for future expansions. The traffic flow at the facilities will be separated into passenger and freight categories. For the location of the border facilities on the Botswana side, the preferred option (1A) adopts a road alignment approaching the bridge that is different from the current road but nevertheless, allows the border facilities to be located close to the existing road. The result of this realignment is that the border post plot will be outside the 1:100 year floodline.
A single track railway line will be included on the bridge deck, which will be operated in such a way that road traffic will be stopped when a train is crossing, and trains will not be allowed to cross when vehicles are on the bridge. Connection to the existing railway networks in Zambia and Botswana will form part of the scope of future projects.
The Kazungula Bridge project will benefit the population in the project area by providing an improved border crossing facility, between Botswana and Zambia across the Zambezi river, which will reduce crossing time and cost, by eliminating the current ferry arrangement. It is expected that the bridge will create employment opportunities in the area. Employment opportunities during the construction period will certainly be created, but opening the bridge is expected to also create long-term employment in the area, due to the anticipated development of local businesses, encouraged by the more efficient and much easier river crossing, and concomitant increased traffic between the countries.
At a higher level, the proposed infrastructure is of strategic importance to enhance transport links and operations between the two countries and other SADC member States. The project is expected to ease movement of goods and people and reduce the transit times considerably, thereby strengthen regional integration, trade facilitation and economic growth and development. The project also incorporates two one-stop border posts replacing existing border facilities in Zambia and Botswana.
It will serve as an alternative to the existing road crossing at Chirundu linking Zambia and Zimbabwe. The new bridge replaces the existing ferry which is under-capacity and currently limits cross-border traffic flow. Negative impacts will occur such as an increase in road accidents as a result of increased road traffic, high population growth leading to increased demand for land and other natural resources, and increased prevalence rates of HIV/AIDS/STI. Overall, the project positive benefits outweigh the negative impacts, of this important infrastructure intervention.
* Extracted from: KAZUNGULA BRIDGE - BOTSWANA AND ZAMBIA; ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT SUMMARY, Date: July 2011. The 22 page document can be accessed here.