RE: [biopoet] FW: Special issue of "Style" on Applied Evolutionary Criticism
One more thing:
Carroll, Joseph. 2012. The extremes of conflict in literature: Violence, homicide, and war. In Todd K. Shackelford & Viviana Weekes-Shackelford, eds., The Oxford handbook of evolutionary perspectives on violence, homicide, and war, 413-34. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Here are three evolutionary pieces from vol. 46, issue 2 of Style:
“The Truth about Fiction: Biological Reality and Imaginary Lives.” Carroll, Joseph. Style. Summer 2012, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p129-160. 32p.
"’Man is the Measure’: Forster's Evolutionary Conundrum.” Jonsson, Emelie. Style. Summer 2012, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p161-176. 16p.
“Social Minds in the Novel.” Easterlin, Nancy. Style. Summer 2012, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p257-260. 4p.
Carroll: The evolutionary human sciences are still in the process of forming a paradigm. Their model of human nature is not yet complete because it has not yet taken adequate account of the experience that forms the subject matter of the humanities. This essay is designed to help correct that deficiency. In the first part of the essay, I explain how scholars in the humanities can help construct the still developing model of human nature. In the second part, I argue that the proper subject of literary commentary is "meaning" and that meaning can be localized in the interaction of perspectives in authors, readers, and characters. In the third part, I argue that the main categories of human life history are also the main themes of fiction. In the final section, I offer suggestions about directions for future research.
Jonsson: Critics of E.M. Forster have often commented on the conflict between stagnated intellectualism and a mystified nature in his work. They have traced that conflict to cultural influences, or simply described it metaphorically. In contrast, an evolutionary perspective can help explain the conflict on a fundamental level, while accounting for the effect of particular stories. Forster's short story "The Machine Stops" centers on basic relationships among human beings, tools and the environment. I show that Forster suppresses normative human universals in that story in order to create an aversive atmosphere in the dystopian society he depicts. Further, I argue that though Forster misunderstands basic features of the human condition, he evokes real dangers in systems so inflexible that they cannot deal with the unexpected. Analyzing the deep but narrow vision in "The Machine Stops" can illuminate the sources of strength, and also the limitations, in Forster's authorial perspective.
Easterlin: The article reviews the book "Social Minds in the Novel," by Alan Palmer.
In other news:
Keener, Joe. "Evolving Hamlet: Brains, Behavior, and the Bard." Interdisciplinary Literary Studies 14.2 (2012): 150-63.
Gansel, Carsten, and Dirk Vanderbeke, eds.. Telling Stories: Literature and Evolution. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2012.
Jon Gottschall has a blog on narrative at Psychology Today: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-storytelling-animal
Judith Saunders, on D. H. Lawrence’s “Wintry Peacock,” forthcoming in College Literature.
Jon Gottschall, Brian Boyd, and Joseph Carroll: three brief “manifestos,” forthcoming in the newish journal Scientific Study of Literature. http://benjamins.com/#catalog/journals/ssol.1.1/main
Joseph Carroll, on Jonathan Franzen’s The Corrections, forthcoming in Style.