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Parliamentary briefing note on Deforestation

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  • robert_palgrave
    From Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) http://www.parliament.uk/documents/upload/postpn344.pdf
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 2, 2009
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      From Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST)

      http://www.parliament.uk/documents/upload/postpn344.pdf

      <One mention of biofuels and Gallagher Review>

      "International attention is focussed on ways to reduce
      deforestation, prompted by concerns over greenhouse
      gas emissions and biodiversity loss. However the
      underlying causes of deforestation are rooted in current
      economic and development paradigms. This POSTnote
      looks at the reasons why deforestation occurs and the
      impact it has on the environment, as well as examining
      policies to reduce it."

      "Overview

      • Deforestation contributes around 16% of human CO2
      emissions and threatens to alter rainfall patterns.
      • The underlying causes of deforestation are the need for
      economic development and governance failure. The
      direct cause is normally conversion of forest land to
      agriculture.
      • Deforestation has accompanied economic growth in
      nearly all countries, but typically forest cover stabilises
      as GDP per capita climbs above $5,000 a year.
      • Policies to reduce deforestation have been a
      longstanding goal of the international community, but
      have been ineffective to date. Current proposals will
      need to provide an economic incentive to maintain
      forest cover as well as to address other market and
      governance failures.
      • Policies that improve agricultural yields and lower
      demand for soy, beef, palm oil and wood products are
      needed to reduce deforestation."
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