NO A LAS ARMAS... SI A LA PAZ...................NO WEAPONS.....WE WANT PEACE
>> Weapons Sales Worldwide Rise to Highest Level Since 2000[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
>> By THOM SHANKER
>> New York Times
>> August 30, 2005
>> WASHINGTON, Aug. 29 - The value of military weapons
>> sales worldwide jumped in 2004 to the highest level
>> since 2000, driven by arms deals with developing
>> nations, especially India, Saudi Arabia and China,
>> according to a new Congressional study.
>> The total of arms sales and weapons transfer agreements
>> to both industrialized and developing nations was
>> nearly $37 billion in 2004, according to the study.
>> That total was the largest since 2000, when global arms
>> sales reached $42.1 billion, and was far above the 2003
>> figure of $28.5 billion.
>> The United States once again dominated global weapons
>> sales, signing deals worth $12.4 billion in 2004, or
>> 33.5 percent of all contracts worldwide. But that was
>> down from $15.1 billion in 2003.
>> The share of American arms contracts specifically with
>> developing nations was $6.9 billion in 2004, or 31.6
>> percent of all such deals, up slightly from $6.5
>> billion in 2003.
>> Russia was second in global arms sales, with $6.1
>> billion in agreements, or 16.5 percent of all such
>> contracts, a notable increase from its $4.4 billion in
>> sales in 2003. In 2004, Russia signed arms transfer
>> deals worth $5.9 billion with the developing world,
>> 27.1 percent of the global total, up from $4.3 billion
>> in 2003.
>> Britain was third in arms transfer agreements to the
>> developing world in 2004, signing contracts worth $3.2
>> billion, while Israel ranked fourth, with deals worth
>> $1.2 billion. France followed with $1 billion.
>> The report, "Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing
>> Nations," is published by the Congressional Research
>> Service, a division of the Library of Congress.
>> The annual study, which was delivered to Congress on
>> Monday, is considered by academic experts to be the
>> most thorough compilation of facts and figures on
>> global weapons sales available in the public domain.
>> The study uses figures in 2004 dollars, with figures
>> for other years adjusted to account for inflation.
>> The statistics in the report "illustrate how global
>> patterns of conventional arms transfers have changed in
>> the post-cold-war and post-Persian-Gulf-war years,"
>> Richard F. Grimmett, a specialist in national defense
>> at the Congressional Research Service, wrote in the
>> introduction to the study.
>> "Relationships between arms suppliers and recipients
>> continue to evolve in response to changing political,
>> military and economic circumstances," he said.
>> "Nonetheless, the developing world continues to be the
>> primary focus of foreign arms sales activity by
>> conventional weapons suppliers."
>> The study found that arms sales to developing nations
>> in 2004 totaled nearly $21.8 billion, a substantial
>> increase over the $15.1 billion in 2003. That was 58.9
>> percent of all arms sales agreements worldwide for last
>> Over the last four years, China has purchased more
>> weapons than any other nation in the developing world,
>> signing $10.4 billion in deals from 2001 to 2004. Such
>> statistics could be used by those in the United States
>> government who have argued against any decision by the
>> European Union to lift its arms embargo against China.
>> For that same four-year period, India ranked second,
>> with $7.9 billion in arms purchases, and Egypt was
>> third, with $6.5 billion in deals.
>> But India surpassed China in total purchases in 2004,
>> agreeing to buy $5.7 billion in arms.
>> Saudi Arabia was second in signing arms deals last
>> year, with contracts valued at $2.9 billion, and China
>> was third in 2004, signing $2.2 billion in contracts
>> for arms purchases.
>> "Presently, there appear to be fewer large weapons
>> purchases being made by developing nations in the Near
>> East," Mr. Grimmett wrote, while relatively larger
>> purchases are being made by developing nations in Asia,
>> "led principally by China and India."
>> According to the study, the four major West European
>> arms suppliers - Britain, France, Germany and Italy -
>> significantly increased their collective share of arms
>> sales with developing nations between 2003 and 2004,
>> rising to $4.8 billion in 2004 from $830 million in