Nirukti, or the Vedic dictionary (Chapter 2 Text 39)
- Hare Krishna Friends,Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized
esa te 'bhihita sankhye
buddhir yoge tv imam srnu
buddhya yukto yaya partha
esa--all these; te--unto you; abhihita--described; sankhye--by analytical study; buddhih--intelligence; yoge--work without fruitive result; tu--but; imam--this; srnu--just hear; buddhya--by intelligence; yuktah--dovetailed; yaya--by which; partha--O son of Prtha; karmabandham--
bondage of reaction; prahasyasi--you can be released from.
Thus far I have declared to you the analytical knowledge of sankhya philosophy. Now listen to the knowledge of yoga whereby one works without fruitive result. O son of Prtha, when you act by such intelligence, you can free yourself from the bondage of works.
According to the Nirukti, or the Vedic dictionary, sankhya means that which describes phenomena in detail, and sankhya refers to that
philosophy which describes the real nature of the soul. And yoga involves controlling the senses. Arjuna's proposal not to fight was
based on sense gratification. Forgetting his prime duty, he wanted to cease fighting because he thought by not killing his relatives and
kinsmen he would be happier than by enjoying the kingdom by conquering his cousins and brothers, the sons of Dhrtarastra. In both ways, the basic principles were for sense gratification. Happiness derived from conquering them and happiness derived by seeing kinsmen alive are both on the basis of personal sense gratification, for there is a sacrifice of wisdom and duty.
..........to be continued.
Source: As It Is by HDG. A.C. BhaktiVedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada