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Re: [beemonitoring] 74 Missing Native Bee Species - Not Seen in the Past 20 Years

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  • T'ai Roulston
    Sam: I think it s great you put this together. I don t know of sightings of the others, but Jim Cane s 1997 manuscript should take Hesperapis oraria off your
    Message 1 of 8 , Mar 9, 2010
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      Sam:

      I think it's great you put this together. I don't know of sightings of the others, but Jim Cane's 1997 manuscript should take Hesperapis oraria off your list.

      Cane JH. 1997. Violent weather and bees: Populations of the Barrier Island endemic, Hesperapis oraria (Hymenoptera: Melittidae) survive a category 3 hurricane. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 70: 73-75.


      T'ai

      On Mar 9, 2010, at 3:20 PM, Sam Droege wrote:

       


      All:

      Below is a list which contains the names of 74 species that are known to have occurred East of the Mississippi River in the U.S. and Canada at some point (you will just have to imagine that the Mississippi gets up to Canada)  that a group of active collectors have not seen in the past 20 years.

      The following individuals contributed to that list:

      Mike Arduser
      John Ascher
      Sheila Colla
      Sam Droege
      Jason Gibbs
      Terry Griswold
      Harold Ikerd
      Rob Jean
      Jack Neff
      Molly Rightmyer
      Cory Sheffield
      Michael Veit

      We are looking for anyone with ANY records for any of these species from ANYWHERE during the past 20 years.   Its fine if those records are from Western North America.  Note that we are starting with Eastern species simply because we are more familiar with that group and there are fewer species involved (approximately 775).  Some of the species and names below come from groups that have taxonomic difficulties so the presence of their name here may simply be the result of lack of recent revisions that can clarify their status.   That said, most of these names do represent legitimate species, almost all of which have always been rare (correct me if I am wrong please).  

      After sending this list around to people like you, we expect that additional recent records will be discovered for some.  At the end of the exercise we will tabulate the species, annotate what is known of their habitats, geographic distribution, time or year, etc. and provide instructions as to where to look and collect to see if any of these species can be re-found.  

      [Side Note:  There are approximately 800 breeding species of birds in North America....one would expect that people would be very concerned if a tenth of the species on that list hadn't been seen in the past 20 years...so, why aren't you concerned about these bees?]

      Thank you.

      sam.....

      Andrena cragini
      Andrena daeckei
      Andrena duplicata
      Andrena helianthiformis
      Andrena ignota
      Andrena irrasus
      Andrena lamelliterga
      Andrena mendica
      Andrena peckhami
      Andrena wilmattae
      Caupolicana electa
      Centris errans
      Coelioxys bisoncornua
      Colletes andrewsi
      Colletes ciliatus
      Colletes longifacies
      Colletes titusensis
      Epeolus banksi
      Epeolus canadensis
      Epeolus carolinus
      Epeolus floridensis
      Epeolus lanhami
      Epeolus vernalis
      Hesperapis oraria
      Hylaeus flammipes
      Hylaeus formosus
      Hylaeus volusiensis
      Lasioglossum alachuense
      Lasioglossum stuartense
      Macropis patellata
      Macropis steironematis  
      Megachile bahamensis
      Megachile ingenua
      Megachile integrella
      Megachile oenotherae
      Melissodes fimbriata
      Melissodes manipularis
      Melissodes pilleata
      Nomada aquilarum
      Nomada augustiana
      Nomada micheneri
      Nomada seneciophila
      Nomada vincta
      Osmia hyperborea
      Osmia illinoensis
      Osmia svenssoni
      Perdita floridensis
      Perdita graenicheri
      Perdita krombeini
      Perdita mitchelli
      Perdita nubila
      Perdita obscurata
      Perdita townesi
      Pseudopanurgus helianthi
      Pseudopanurgus pauper
      Sphecodes crawfordi
      Sphecodes exaltus
      Sphecodes galerus
      Sphecodes nigricorpus
      Sphecodes paraplesius
      Sphecodes smilacinae
      Sphecodes trentonensis
      Stelis permaculata
      Trachusa crassipes
      Trachusa dorsalis
      Triepeolus micropygius
      Triepeolus mitchelli
      Triepeolus monardae
      Triepeolus nigrihirtus
      Triepeolus quadrifasciatus atlanticus
      Triepeolus rufithorax
      Xeromelecta interrupta
      Lasioglossum dubitatum
      Lasioglossum wheeleri

      Sam Droege  sdroege@usgs. gov                      
      w 301-497-5840 h 301-390-7759 fax 301-497-5624
      USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
      BARC-EAST, BLDG 308, RM 124 10300 Balt. Ave., Beltsville, MD  20705
      Http://www.pwrc. usgs.gov



      For All

      Ah to be alive
      on a mid-September morn
      fording a stream
      barefoot, pants rolled up,
      holding boots, pack on,
      sunshine, ice in the shallows,
      northern rockies.

      Rustle and shimmer of icy creek waters
      stones turn underfoot, small and hard as toes
      cold nose dripping
      singing inside
      creek music, heart music,
      smell of sun on gravel.

      I pledge allegiance

      I pledge allegiance to the soil
      of Turtle Island,
      and to the beings who thereon dwell
      one ecosystem
      in diversity
      under the sun
      With joyful interpenetration for all.

      - Gary Snyder

       
      P Bees are not optional.


      T'ai Roulston
      Curator, State Arboretum of Virginia
      Research Assoc. Prof., Dept of Envi. Sci.
      University of Virginia



    • Pemberton, Robert
      Hi Sam, Centris errans can be readily seen in Miami-Dade County visiting Brysonima lucida (Malphighiaceae) in pinelands and gardens when it flowers in the
      Message 2 of 8 , Mar 9, 2010
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        Hi Sam,

         

        Centris errans can be readily seen in Miami-Dade County visiting Brysonima lucida (Malphighiaceae) in pinelands and gardens when it flowers in the spring.  Hong Liu and I did a pollination study of our native rare cowhorn orchid, Cyrtopodium punctatum, using naturally occurring plants at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden in Coral Gables and found that Centris errans was the only pollinator of the orchid.

         

        Pemberton, R.W. and H. Liu. 2008. Potential of invasive and native solitary specialist bee pollinators to help restore the rare cowhorn orchid (Cyrtopodium punctatum) in Florida. Biological Conservation 141: 1758-1764.

         

        Interestingly, in a related study, we found the invasive Centris nitida was the only documented pollinator of the invasive orchid Cyrtopodium polyphyllum.

         

        Liu, H. and R.W. Pemberton. in press. Pollination of an invasive orchid (Cyrtopodium polyphyllum) by an invasive oil-collecting bee (Centris nitida) in southern Florida.  Botany (Canadian J. Botany).

         

        I have also caught Centris errans visiting a flowering plant of Byrsonima lucida in my residential garden in Fort Lauderdale, Broward County a few years back.   

         

        Best Regards, Bob

         

         

        Robert Pemberton Ph.D.

        Research Associate

        Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Cables, Florida

        Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, Florida

        Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Ft Lauderdale, Florida

        Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing

        Office 954-475-6548 Cell 954-812-3908

         

         

      • Jack Neff
        Sam: Beth Norden et al reported on the biology of Perdita graenicheri in 1992 (J. Hym. Res. 1:107-118) but the field work was from 1989 so I guess it doesn t
        Message 3 of 8 , Mar 10, 2010
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          Sam:  Beth Norden et al reported on the biology of Perdita graenicheri in 1992 (J. Hym. Res. 1:107-118) but the field work was from 1989 so I guess it doesn't quite make your deadline.  Since the bee seemed to be locally common in 1989, its demise by 1990 seems unlikely since neither its floral hosts, nor its nest sites were likely to disappear.  I also have a short series of what I've identified as Osmia illinoensis from the Lost Pines region of Texas -  the ID is only tentative so I wouldn't scratch it from the list yet.

          best

          Jack
           
          John L. Neff
          Central Texas Melittological Institute
          7307 Running Rope
          Austin,TX 78731 USA
          512-345-7219



          From: Sam Droege <sdroege@...>
          To: beemonitoring@yahoogroups.com
          Sent: Tue, March 9, 2010 2:20:27 PM
          Subject: [beemonitoring] 74 Missing Native Bee Species - Not Seen in the Past 20 Years

           


          All:

          Below is a list which contains the names of 74 species that are known to have occurred East of the Mississippi River in the U.S. and Canada at some point (you will just have to imagine that the Mississippi gets up to Canada)  that a group of active collectors have not seen in the past 20 years.

          The following individuals contributed to that list:

          Mike Arduser
          John Ascher
          Sheila Colla
          Sam Droege
          Jason Gibbs
          Terry Griswold
          Harold Ikerd
          Rob Jean
          Jack Neff
          Molly Rightmyer
          Cory Sheffield
          Michael Veit

          We are looking for anyone with ANY records for any of these species from ANYWHERE during the past 20 years.   Its fine if those records are from Western North America.  Note that we are starting with Eastern species simply because we are more familiar with that group and there are fewer species involved (approximately 775).  Some of the species and names below come from groups that have taxonomic difficulties so the presence of their name here may simply be the result of lack of recent revisions that can clarify their status.   That said, most of these names do represent legitimate species, almost all of which have always been rare (correct me if I am wrong please).  

          After sending this list around to people like you, we expect that additional recent records will be discovered for some.  At the end of the exercise we will tabulate the species, annotate what is known of their habitats, geographic distribution, time or year, etc. and provide instructions as to where to look and collect to see if any of these species can be re-found.  

          [Side Note:  There are approximately 800 breeding species of birds in North America....one would expect that people would be very concerned if a tenth of the species on that list hadn't been seen in the past 20 years...so, why aren't you concerned about these bees?]

          Thank you.

          sam.....

          Andrena cragini
          Andrena daeckei
          Andrena duplicata
          Andrena helianthiformis
          Andrena ignota
          Andrena irrasus
          Andrena lamelliterga
          Andrena mendica
          Andrena peckhami
          Andrena wilmattae
          Caupolicana electa
          Centris errans
          Coelioxys bisoncornua
          Colletes andrewsi
          Colletes ciliatus
          Colletes longifacies
          Colletes titusensis
          Epeolus banksi
          Epeolus canadensis
          Epeolus carolinus
          Epeolus floridensis
          Epeolus lanhami
          Epeolus vernalis
          Hesperapis oraria
          Hylaeus flammipes
          Hylaeus formosus
          Hylaeus volusiensis
          Lasioglossum alachuense
          Lasioglossum stuartense
          Macropis patellata
          Macropis steironematis  
          Megachile bahamensis
          Megachile ingenua
          Megachile integrella
          Megachile oenotherae
          Melissodes fimbriata
          Melissodes manipularis
          Melissodes pilleata
          Nomada aquilarum
          Nomada augustiana
          Nomada micheneri
          Nomada seneciophila
          Nomada vincta
          Osmia hyperborea
          Osmia illinoensis
          Osmia svenssoni
          Perdita floridensis
          Perdita graenicheri
          Perdita krombeini
          Perdita mitchelli
          Perdita nubila
          Perdita obscurata
          Perdita townesi
          Pseudopanurgus helianthi
          Pseudopanurgus pauper
          Sphecodes crawfordi
          Sphecodes exaltus
          Sphecodes galerus
          Sphecodes nigricorpus
          Sphecodes paraplesius
          Sphecodes smilacinae
          Sphecodes trentonensis
          Stelis permaculata
          Trachusa crassipes
          Trachusa dorsalis
          Triepeolus micropygius
          Triepeolus mitchelli
          Triepeolus monardae
          Triepeolus nigrihirtus
          Triepeolus quadrifasciatus atlanticus
          Triepeolus rufithorax
          Xeromelecta interrupta
          Lasioglossum dubitatum
          Lasioglossum wheeleri

          Sam Droege  sdroege@usgs. gov                      
          w 301-497-5840 h 301-390-7759 fax 301-497-5624
          USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
          BARC-EAST, BLDG 308, RM 124 10300 Balt. Ave., Beltsville, MD  20705
          Http://www.pwrc. usgs.gov



          For All

          Ah to be alive
          on a mid-September morn
          fording a stream
          barefoot, pants rolled up,
          holding boots, pack on,
          sunshine, ice in the shallows,
          northern rockies.

          Rustle and shimmer of icy creek waters
          stones turn underfoot, small and hard as toes
          cold nose dripping
          singing inside
          creek music, heart music,
          smell of sun on gravel.

          I pledge allegiance

          I pledge allegiance to the soil
          of Turtle Island,
          and to the beings who thereon dwell
          one ecosystem
          in diversity
          under the sun
          With joyful interpenetration for all.

          - Gary Snyder

           
          P Bees are not optional.

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