Re: bee marking
- In the ant world many people have moved to little steel bands tied around the legs. The ants were just too good at cleaning themselves.
--- In email@example.com, T'ai Roulston <thr8z@...> wrote:
> My own method is similar to Doug's and seems to have little effect on
> bee mortality. I've been working with Colletes latitarsis, fairly
> similar in size to his Halictus. I had trouble keeping enamel paints
> on sweat bees in prior work --the bees were very good at grooming it
> off, though sometimes they didn't. What I use now is different colors
> of liquid paper (yellow, pink, white and either green or blue --not
> both as they are hard to distinguish). The liquid paper serves as a
> base color on the thorax then I write patterns with different colors
> using fine-tipped sharpies. I've had 125 bees marked individually like
> this without problem, over 3 weeks in the field without degradation.
> This method works great on Colletes but not so well on Peponapis. I
> don't know why. At first I thought it was because Peponapis is much
> hairier, but I found that removing the hair on Peponapis first didn't
> maintain the integrity of the marks for very long. So there may be
> some species specificity to technique effectiveness.
> I've tried gluing tiny numbers to bees without much success. The Von
> Frisch tags worked fine for big bees like Apis or bigger ones, but on
> smaller bees with smaller tags made of paper encased in plastic tape I
> had trouble keeping from gluing the bee's wings together, or my
> fingers together, or my fingers to the bee's wings, and even when I
> was successful it didn't seem to last long. I'd be interested in a
> refined gluing method, such as Jerry developed, but the liquid paper
> method works very well and is quite forgiving.
> On Nov 10, 2009, at 7:47 PM, Jerry_Freilich@... wrote:
> > OK all you bee people. I'm an aquatic guy but I developed a method
> > that
> > might be useful for marking bees. When I first started working on
> > tagging
> > stonefly nymphs everyone showed me to the standard literature on bee
> > tags
> > and little enamel dots. "Fine for the bee people," I said, but I
> > needed
> > another method that was better for aquatic animals, that resisted
> > physical
> > abrasion (from rocks in the benthos), and that was quicker to apply.
> > The method I developed uses tiny pieces of "plastic paper" with 3-4
> > digit
> > numbers appearing on each 2x3 mm tag. I used gel type Super Glue
> > which is
> > incredibly fast drying and survived very well (under water!) in
> > durability
> > tests. I am sure these tags would be even better, even faster
> > applying, and
> > longer lasting on nice clean dry bees.
> > Here's the citation: Freilich, J.E. 1989. A method for tagging
> > individual
> > benthic insects. Journal of the North American Benthological Society
> > 8 (4):
> > 351-354.
> > I cannot speak for toxicity of cyanoacrylate adhesives, but recall
> > that
> > these were developed for holding (human) skin together as a quick
> > way of
> > securing combat wounds in battle. My understanding is that the
> > adhesives
> > are regarded as biologically neutral.
> > I would be very curious to know if this method works on bees and I
> > would be
> > willing to offer practical tips and advice to those interested in
> > trying
> > it. One tip... for example... is that these tiny tags are very light
> > weight
> > and could blow away in the wind while working in the field. I
> > discovered
> > that working on a cloth towel is the solution. The tags fall into
> > the loops
> > of fabric and will resist even the strongest wind. It's amazing
> > really. Let
> > me know if I can tempt anyone to try this.
> > __________________________
> > Jerry Freilich, Ph.D.
> > Research Coordinator, Olympic National Park
> > Coordinator, North Coast & Cascades Science Learning Network
> > Olympic National Park
> > 600 E. Park Ave.
> > Port Angeles, WA 98362
> > Phone: 360-565-3082
> > Fax: 360-565-3070
> > Cell: 360-477-3338
> > Jerry_Freilich@...
> > "This is the most beautiful place on earth,
> > there are many such places..."
> > Edward Abbey
> > ___________________________
> T'ai Roulston
> Curator, State Arboretum of Virginia
> Research Assoc. Prof., Dept of Envi. Sci.
> University of Virginia